SAARC Workshop on Food Safety in SAARC Countries - Harmonisation by phh16497


									                                                      (October 2003)

SAARC Workshop on Food Safety in
      SAARC Countries

- Harmonisation of Food Regulations -

           (Follow Up Activities)

              19-20 September, 2003
       Hotel Fort Aguada Beach Resort, Goa

        Organized by FAO and ILSI-India


             (D RAFT)

   ITEM                                                        Page No.

     1.      Introduction and Objectives                              3

     2.      Opening Session                                          4

     3.      Specific Products and Comparative Studies                5
     4.      Harmonisation with Codex and amongst                     7
             SAARC countries

     5.      Discussion of Horizontal Standards                       8
     6.      Steps towards integrated Science-based Food Control      9

     7.      Conclusions and Recommendations                         10


     I.      Regional Meeting Agenda                                 15
     II.     List of Participants                                    16
     III.    List of Abbreviations                                   18

                                                                   page 2 of 18

Since 1998, FAO, in collaboration with ILSI-India, has undertaken a number of
activities to assist the countries of the region and in particular Members of the
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), in their effort to
modernize their food control systems and activities and to harmonise the relevant
regulations and standards in line with international requirements under WTO’s
Agreement on Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary (SPS) measures. A series of regional
meetings have been organized in this respect.:

   •   Workshop on Science-based Approaches to Harmonization of Regulatory
       Food Quality and Safety Measures in SAARC Region – Faridabad, India,
       21-23 September 1998;
   •   South Asian Conference on Food Safety, Delhi, India, 11-13 December
   •   Regional Meeting on Modernising Food Control Systems in SAARC
       Region; Kathmandu, 10-11 December 2002.

At the Kathmandu meeting, it was realized that the reviewing of existing food laws
and regulations in SAARC countries was a lengthy and difficult process that
required more time to be completed. Acknowledging the continued importance of
the harmonization process, the meeting agreed that a short follow-up workshop
should be organized after completion of the comparative studies on the various
food regulations.

This follow-up workshop was organized by FAO in cooperation with ILSI-India to
take place in Goa, India from 19th to 20th of September 2003 with funding from
ILSI and FAO. Coordinators from five SAARC Member Countries were invited to
participate and present the situation in their country with regard to various food
regulations and standards, as well as to report on the results of the comparative
studies assigned to coordinators in each of the SAARC Countries.

The objectives of the coordinators meeting were:

Ø To review progress made in the implementation of the recommendations of the
  Nepal, December 2002, Meeting

Ø To discuss practicable steps towards harmonization of food standards and
  regulations of SAARC countries in line with Codex

Ø To exchange information on recent actions taken by each country to strengthen
  national food control systems

Ø To recommend a Plan of Action to advance the harmonization process and
  fully engage the concerned national authorities in the fulfillment of this

                                                                        page 3 of 18
                                                                               Section 2


In his welcome and introductory remarks Mr D H Pai Panandiker, Chairman, ILSI-
India recalled the main conclusions and recommendations from last year's meeting in
Kathmandu. He mentioned, that Bangladesh and Pakistan were assigned the work of
comparative studies such as Fish & Fisheries Products (Bangladesh) and Meat & Meat
Products (Pakistan). Also a number of tables from the last meeting were to be reviewed
and updated after checking the information vis-à-vis the existing regulations. While
correcting the various tables, international terminology of Codex should be used where
applicable. An important point was also that the countries should send comments on
their willingness to accept Codex standards where available. And finally, all Focal
Points should send information on horizontal standards like contaminants, food
additives, pesticide residues, and labeling to ILSI-India for initiating comparative
studies and elaborating proposals for common harmonized regulations.

Mr. Ezzeddine Boutrif, Senior Officer, Food Quality and Standards Service, Food and
Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
highlighted the priority that FAO attaches to food safety and quality in its normative as
well as field programme, and reiterated the importance of harmonizing food standards
in line with Codex, particularly in light of the new SPS and TBT agreements. He also
drew the attention of the participants to the recent developments in Codex and in food
safety management and informed of major forthcoming events that are of interest to the
countries of the region, namely the FAO/WHO Regional Food Safety Conference for
Asia and the Pacific (Kuala Lumpur, May 2004) and the Second FAO/WHO Global
Forum of Food Safety Regulators (Bangkok, November 2004).

The Group then discussed and adopted the Tentative Agenda without further changes.
As part of the discussion, however, the following points were raised:

Ø Pakistan felt that there is a role for somebody from the SAARC Secretariat to be
  present and help in the coordination of activities to pursue the harmonization of food
  regulations throughout the region.
Ø Nepal pointed out, that it was absolutely necessary to think also in terms of further
  capacity building; whilst many local industries have already adopted a number of
  recommended or necessary measures such as for instances QA, the facilities in the
  countries still lack of the required international accreditation. This should also be
  considered by FAO in their support priorities.
Ø India in this respect was mentioning their initiatives in capacity building assisted by
  the World Bank; they are planning to have at least one state-of-the-art laboratory as
  a reference for each Indian state within the next five years.
Ø Nepal then emphasized the importance of further strengthening the inspection
  services, particularly with more specific hands-on training for the inspectors.
Ø Bangladesh underlined that it is not sufficient to build up capacity with the
  Government only, but that the private sector as well as the consumers would have to
  be included as well in order to be successful.

                                                                              page 4 of 18
Ø ILSI-India added to this point that they are particularly engaged also in conducting
  training courses to various groups, and that they would be ready also to extend their
  training programmes to other SAARC countries, if they are interested. Presently,
  training programmes on GM food detection are in preparation, which could also be
  of interest to industries, Government, academia and R&D organizations from those
Ø Sri Lanka was questioning whether there was a common stand on GM foods within
  the SAARC countries, as they had discussions on the ban of GM foods.

With the proposal to keep discussion on these issue for the final session, the floor was
given to delegates to start with their presentations on Specific Products and the
comparative studies.

Bangladesh presented the Status of existing Food Standards and Regulations on Fish &
Fishery Products, comparing Bangladesh with India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Data on
Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives, unfortunately, were not available. In the comparison it
was noted that the respective standards varied a little between the countries, based on
their own socio-economic conditions. It was also stated, that Bangladesh, after signing
SPS & TBT agreements, brought their regulations in line with international standards
prescribed by Codex Alimentarius, ISO, EU & USFDA.
To fulfill the international requirements, the Bangladesh Government already amended
their Fish & Fish Products regulations incorporating HACCP system. Since 1997,
Bangladesh has been implementing HACCP in the field of Fish & Fishery Products.
To tackle one of the main problems with fish & fishery products, micro-biological
contamination limits have been set by the Bangladesh government to, especially for
Salmonella, Vibrio Cholera and Streptococcus.
The presence of drug residues, particularly such as chloramphenicol & nitro furans, and
its derivatives had lately created some problems for the export of fish & fishery
products. Nowadays no antibiotic or pesticide containing feed is said to be used in
Shrimp Culture.

India reported that the development or adaptation of their standards go in line with
Codex as far as possible, which was reported not to be easy always, particularly since
there are also varying standards between the Indian states. As a matter of principal,
standards, as also other legal texts, are first notified as a draft through their official
website and gazette for a period of 60 days, during which the public and private sector,
including the consumers as well as interested or concerned parties from outside may
post their comments. After that period, a technical committee judges on the relevance
and validity of the comments and elaborates amendments, if necessary.

The voluminous data presented by India, could not be dealt with in detail due to the
limited time available; they are, however, well documented in the handouts given to all
participants as well as in the 2003 Book on Food Regulations.

Nepal made a presentation on fats & oils group and pointed out, that it would be very
important to include fatty acid profiles in the standards and to check also on the
authenticity of the fats and oils in use. This, however, is a task that requires special
capacity building in the region as most laboratories do not avail of the necessary

                                                                               page 5 of 18
equipment and trained staff to carry out this type of analyses. Another point was that the
peroxide value is only included in the Nepal standards, whereas the other SAARC
countries did not have this a mandatory parameter.

Like India, Nepal is also facing the Argimone problem, where sometimes up to 20% of
Argimone oil (which is much cheaper) is mixed with other oils (e.g. mustard oil). This
has obviously led to some fatal cases due to the toxicity of Argimone. Nepal suggested,
that this problem should be brought to the attention of Codex, and a risk assessment be
carried out by JECFA. It was felt, that a group of experts should tackle that problem.
The suggestion was made to raise this also during the next session of CAC.

Pakistan reported that they did not have the standards of other SAARC countries, but
their Standards & Quality Control Authority had adopted already a number of ISO
Standards, including those on meat & meat products. They may still need to compare
their standards with other countries in the SAARC region, and then send comparative
tables and comments to ILSI-India (and FAO). Their fish & fisheries department has
already harmonized the requirements with the EU regulations. The animal quarantine &
livestock department, dealing with meat & meat products and exports to the EU and the
Middle East; they would still need to look into harmonization of their standards with
SAARC. Pakistan reported also about a recently established laboratory in Karachi,
following IPPC97, amending their regulations. A difficult area is to get consensus of the
provincial governments to amend these laws.

Pakistan mentioned that they have a National Committee for SPS matters, which
organized a regional workshop on the SPS requirements; this workshop recommended
also to set up a regional network amongst SAARC countries to deal with various SPS
matters and harmonization requirements. This year, Pakistan started a project to upgrade
and accredit analytical laboratories in the food control sector.

Sri Lanka referred to the basic comparison on herbs and spices from the last meeting in
Kathmandu coming up to 51 standards. As there are no Codex standards for herbs &
spices, the countries may consider specifications issued by the International Spice Board

It was suggested that the present tables be expanded by one column indicating available
data, specifications or information from ICB and then circulate them again amongst the
SAARC coordinators. Eventually, the tables would have to be put also in text format.

In view of the international trade with these commodities and in the absence of
international safety standards for herbs & spices, countries of the region may consider
bringing this matter to the attention of CAC to establish relevant Codex standards.

                                                                               page 6 of 18

This session mainly dealt with the steps to harmonize standards with Codex where
Codex Standards exist, as well as steps to be taken to harmonize National Standards
among SAARC Countries where there are no Codex Standards available.

Whilst some related points were already discussed during the first session, the group felt
that harmonizing with Codex does not mean that all standards necessarily need to be
identical; this would only be important with matters relating to SPS. Accepting this
statement, it would be important to define the minimum requirements under SPS.

India reported that they went through all Codex Standards at Step 8 of the Procedure,
communicating with stakeholders and involving the food industry. In the case of food
additives for instance, India deleted a number of additives such as colorants and
sweeteners as a large number of such additives was clearly not wanted. Regarding
pesticides, they added some 50 products to the existing list and fixed also relevant
MRLs. All related information can be found on the Indian Web Site
<>. In some cases, the Indian
standards will be stricter than Codex or ISO standards.

Nepal reiterated that Codex standards are sometimes a bit difficult to implement due to
their lengthy format in some cases. Referring to food additives, they have sometimes
difficulties to limit the number of colorants due to insufficient scientific reasons.

Sri Lanka repeated that they are harmonizing with Codex, with some exceptions such as
the colorants; in these cases, however, they are notifying the SPS.

Bangladesh is said to have so far 53 national standards strictly following Codex, except
in the case of Arsenic (in which commodities??).

Pakistan pointed out that the Government had notified already that they will accept
Codex Standards, but National Standards may still defer for some commodities for
specific (regional) reasons. This in practice would then lead to two different lists of
standards, one for national and one for international trade. This situation, however,
would not be in conformity with SPS.

The group then voiced that there should be a policy decision by SAARC Countries
concerning the harmonization of standards and the path to reach there. India in response
commented, that they are developing their standards need-based; the industry may come
forward with suggestions, and the Government will prepare a draft, which is then
discussed and published for comments, as described already earlier. Another problem is,
that some countries would tighten their limits whilst others are relaxing them (referring
to the example of extraneous matters in spices). As such, it may be very difficult or even
impossible, to reach a harmonization within the region or less likely even on the global
level. The various problems discussed, underlined the necessity to involve the SAARC
Secretariat, and to bring up the whole matter during the next Meeting of the SAARC
Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. The report of this Meeting may thus
serve as an input to that next SAARC Meeting in Kathmandu scheduled to take place
later this year. Additionally highlighting the importance of the matter through the press
and national newspapers may also be useful in order to sensitize the people and the
various groups involved. FAO should also officially address the SAARC Countries in
that respect.

                                                                               page 7 of 18

This session mainly dealt with presentations and discussions of Horizontal Standards,
particularly food contaminants, food additives, pesticide residues and general labeling

Starting with a presentation of horizontal standards on pesticide residues, India
reported to have set their new standards considering Codex limits in the context of
particular food and the consumption pattern of India. In addition to the list of 71
existing pesticide residue limits, some 50 will be added shortly. As with other standards,
they will first be published as draft on the Internet for public comments.

As far as the Labeling Requirements are concerned, these have not yet been fully
harmonized with Codex as they are presently working on a new general labeling
regulation. One of the shortcomings in the present format of labeling requirements is the
indication of the production/expiry dates. This should be brought in line with Codex,
and in respect of products with short shelf life a precise indication of date or days
should be considered. One of the specific features of Indian food labeling is the issue of
the labeling of vegetarian and non-vegetarian food products which require declaration
of any non-vegetarian ingredient by a color code. This regulation may in fact be of
interest to other countries in the region or in other parts of the world.

On Food Additives India has moved away from dealing with them in the various
product regulations; a separate horizontal standard has been proposed and published as a
draft. The regulation of sweeteners was oriented on the basis of Codex, following
however the 2001 status. Food additives in general were categorized according to
various product groups, which makes it easier for manufacturers to trace the permitted
additives. The documentation circulated in the workshop contained for instance tables
for fruit & fruit products, milk products, sugar and salt.

Referring to the horizontal standards, Nepal mentioned that after signing the SPS/TBT
agreements, the alignment with Codex became rather obligatory; activities are still
going on to harmonize their regulations. Referring to labeling requirements, Nepal
pointed out that they have mandatory expiry dates for all industries, whereas industries
have difficulties or reservations to apply them.

Tables with presently existing standards or limits for pesticide residues in Nepal were
presented and circulated in the meeting. The aflatoxin content in grains is thus limited to
20 ppb (microgram per kilogram), whereas India allows a maximum of 30 ppb for all

Sri Lanka reported that their new labeling requirements, which are in line with Codex
general requirements, would be published next week. Documents with the various
labeling requirements of Sri Lanka were circulated. The regulations for sweeteners will
be published very soon, whereas GM Products will be officially dealt with in the near

                                                                                page 8 of 18
Whereas no documents on horizontal standards were available from Bangladesh and
Pakistan, both countries affirmed their policy to follow Codex as far as possible and


This session dealt with the identification of steps to be taken by each country towards
integrated, science-based food control.

The group was summarizing again the various comments and recommendations made
already earlier when discussion the specialty topics. These are reflected in the Main
Conclusions & Recommendations given at the beginning / end of this report.

The discussion then went on to some other issues, out of which the following is to be
mentioned due to its high importance:

Capacity Building Issues

On the matter of capacity building, all countries reaffirmed the importance of capacity
building for their countries. In this respect, however, and as a follow-up to previous
SAARC meetings, FAO is still awaiting inputs from the countries on their national
institutions that may be strengthened as a Center-of-Excellence. Also the build-up of a
roster of experts from the region is considered to be important for the region in order to
be able to exchange experts on various subjects.

The development of training materials is yet another subject of importance. Both, FAO
and ILSI-India have activities underway to support training in various subject matters as
well as some tools to help identifying gaps in capacity building.

                                                                               page 9 of 18
              Main Conclusions and Recommendations

The meeting commended FAO and ILSI-India for their continued support to the food
standards harmonization process among the SAARC countries, initiated in 1998. It
expressed the wish that such support would be further extended to complete the
harmonization work and enhance the collaboration among the SAARC countries in the
field of food safety and SPS-related matters.

The meeting recognised the complexity of the harmonization process and the need to
involve a number of technical institutions in addition to policy makers to achieve this
objective. It agreed that every effort should be made to consult the concerned
institutions and policy makers in each country to ensure that the harmonised standards
reflect a consensus within each country and among the SAARC member countries.

The meeting was informed of the efforts made to engage the SAARC Secretariat in this
harmonization process from its start in 1998. It was further informed of the
forthcoming meeting, in Kathmandu, in November 2003, of the SAARC Committee on
Agriculture and Rural Development which will have on its agenda the issue of
harmonization of food standards. The meeting agreed on the need for FAO/ILSI to
strengthen contacts with the SAARC Secretariat to make them full partners in this
project. It proposed that the report of the present meeting be submitted to the above
Committee for consideration.

The meeting praised the work carried out by the coordinators in Bangladesh, India,
Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in assembling and analysing the standards of the
following commodities:

              Fish and fish products                Bangladesh
              Cereals, pulses and Legumes           India
              Processed fruits and vegetables       India
              Milk and milk products                India
              Fats and oils                         Nepal
              Meat and meat products                Pakistan
              Herbs and spices                      Sri Lanka

It noted that, despite the effort made, further work was still required to complete the
tables with information that was lacking, and to carry out a comprehensive comparative
study of the existing standards with Codex, where they exist, or with other national and
regional standards with recommendations for their harmonization at SAARC level.

The meeting stressed on the importance of capacity building to improve the efficiency
of national food control systems in the SAARC member countries and the ability of the
food and agricultural products of these countries to compete favourably in international
markets. It also emphasised the need to enhance technical cooperation among the
SAARC countries and the establishment of networks to exchange information and
expertise on various aspects of food control, including: early warning on food-borne
disease outbreaks; recall mechanisms; food standards and regulations, laboratory
analysis and quality assurance; inspection and auditing; food control management and

                                                                            page 10 of 18
organization; certification and accreditation; equivalence procedures and mutual
recognition; training and human resource development; risk assessment; etc... It
reiterated the need to build regional rosters of food safety and quality control experts,
the establishment of centres of excellence for technical advice and training in various
food safety-related disciplines; and the development of appropriate training materials
and web-based training courses for the operators in the food chain.

The meeting agreed on the need for SAARC member countries to invite each other to
provide comments on draft legislations related to food safety, to enhance the process of

The meeting emphasised the need for each country to establish its own website for food
standards and related activities to facilitate communication and information exchange
between the SAARC countries and with the rest of the world.

Main recommendations and follow-up actions :

On the harmonization of commodity standards:

       1. Effort should be made by the 5 coordinators to complete the work of
          collecting and analysing the standards for the foods assigned to them, against
          Codex standards, where they exist, or other national and regional standards
          of interest to the countries of the region. They should formulate
          recommendations that aim at the harmonization of food safety measures
          among the SAARC countries, and that are likely to receive consensus among
          the concerned countries.

       2. In particular, it is recommended that each concerned coordinator:

               - for fish and fish products:

                     2.1 Complete the information on standards and technical
                            regulations from Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives;

                     2.2 Provide information on Codex, regional (e.g. EU) and national
                             (USA, Canada) standards and regulations of interest to the
                             SAARC countries;

                     2.3 Analyse the information and recommend standards to be used
                             as basis for harmonization among SAARC countries.

               - for cereals, pulses and legumes; processed fruits and vegetables; and
               milk and milk products:

                     2.4 Review the information presented at the Nepal meeting and
                             comment or complete the information as appropriate;

                     2.5 Analyse the information and make proposals for harmonisation
                             of relevant standards, taking into account Codex texts,
                             where available.

                                                                              page 11 of 18
              - for fats and oils:

                    2.6 Review the information presented at the meeting and comment
                            or complete the information, as appropriate;

                    2.7 Propose a plan for the harmonization of existing standards with
                            Codex through, in particular, introducing the fatty acid
                            profiles and the peroxide value in their relevant standards.

                    2.8 Make a proposal for carrying out risk analysis on Argimone
                           contamination of mustard oil and for establishing
                           guideline levels for this contaminants. The proposal
                           should consider the possible involvement of JECFA in the
                           risk analysis process.

              - for meat and meat products:

                    2.9 Review the information presented at the meeting, seek its
                            complementation with information from countries which
                            have not submitted their relevant standards, and make a
                            comparative analysis with existing Codex related texts;

                    2.10      Make a proposal for the harmonization of related
                              standards and regulations with Codex.

              - for Herbs and spices:

                    2.11      In the absence of relevant Codex standards, give
                              consideration to ISO standards and to recommendations
                              issued by the ISB;

                    2.12      Make a proposal to bring the issue of aflatoxin
                              contamination level to the attention of CCFAC, to
                              establish a Codex limit.

On the harmonization of horizontal standards:

       3. The meeting took good note of the effort made by India, Nepal and Sri
          Lanka to establish horizontal standards, using codex related standards as a
          guide. It recommended that other SAARC countries consider initiating
          similar work, building on the experience of the above three countries.

              - for food additives

                    3.1 The meeting took note of the work carried out by India and Sri
                            Lanka to harmonize their food additive regulations with
                            Codex. It encouraged the other SAARC countries to make
                            similar effort and to make use of the work done.

                                                                            page 12 of 18
-for food contaminants

      3.2 The meeting noted that little harmonization work has been
              done of food contaminants with Codex. It recommended
              that SAARC countries give more attention to the
              standards for contaminants (mycotoxins, heavy metals,
              environmental         contaminants,       microbiological
              contaminants, nucleotides) in their future harmonization
              work. In this respect, the countries were requested to
              provide FAO/ILSI-India with information on their
              standards related to these contaminants to initiate their
              analysis for consistency with Codex.

-for food labelling

      3.3 The meeting noted with appreciation the work initiated by Sri
              Lanka to harmonize its food labelling requirement with
              Codex. It recommended that more effort be made by the
              other countries to harmonise their standards with Codex
              general standard on food labelling.

-for pesticide residues

      3.4 The harmonization of pesticide residue limits with codex
              should be continued while recognising the special
              conditions of each country.

      3.5 The countries should exchange information on pesticides used
              in agriculture and for vector control, and where possible
              harmonise their registration requirements.

-for veterinary drug residue

      3.6 Attention should be given to the harmonization of regulations
               governing the use of veterinary drugs, including
               antibiotics and hormones, and their residues in food.

      3.7 In this respect, specific capacity building is required to assist
               the countries in monitoring and controlling the relevant

                                                               page 13 of 18
On involving the SAARC Secretariat

       4. Every effort should be made to fully involve the SAARC Secretariat in the
          harmonization process and to seek their technical and political support to
          accelerate the implementation of the project.

       5. The report of the Goa meeting should be submitted to the SAARC
          Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development for consideration at its
          November 2003 meeting.

       6. Official contact should be made by FAO/ILSI-India with the SAARC
          Secretariat at the highest level to ensure their full cooperation in this

On Capacity Building

       Designation of Reference institutions

       7. The meeting recommended that each SAARC countries identify those
          institutions which have recognised expertise in areas related to food safety,
          food control and capacity building, and to establish a directory of such
          institutions for dissemination to all concerned agencies within SAARC
          region. FAO would provide criteria for the designation of such institutions.

       Development of Training material

       8. The meeting recommended that FAO and ILSI provide SAARC food safety
          coordinators with information on training materials available to them and to
          assist in any way possible for the adoption of these materials to SAARC
          countries conditions or to develop others for the region.

       Establishment of a Roster of SAARC Experts

       9. SAARC food safety coordinators should provide the Coordinator in Sri
          Lanka with a list of their experts in the various food safety disciplines.
          These would be included in a roster which will be made available to all
          concerned countries.

Next meeting of the coordinators

       10. The meeting recommended that the next meeting of the coordinators should
           be held in Sri Lanka in September 2004 with the participation of
           representatives from Bhutan and Maldives as well as representative of the
           SAARC Secretariat.

                                                                           page 14 of 18
                    SAARC Workshop on Food Safety in
                           SAARC Countries
                         (Follow Up Activities)
                                September 19-20, 2003
                         Hotel Ford Aguada Beach resort, Goa
                             Organized by FAO and ILSI-India

                                 TENTATIVE AGENDA

September 19

0930-1300 hrs. Session One

   •   Welcome by Mr D H Pai Panandiker, Chairman, ILSI-India
   •   Observations by Mr Ezzeddine Boutrif, Senior Officer, Food Quality and Standard
       Service, Food and nutrition division, FAO, Rome
   •   Presentations on Specific Products by Country Representatives followed by
   •   Bangladesh: Fish and Fishery Products
   •   India: Cereals, Pulses and Legumes, Processed Foods and Vegetables, Milk and Milk
   •   Nepal: Fats and Oils
   •   Pakistan: Meat and Meat Products
   •   Sri Lanka: Herbs and Spices

1300-1400 hrs. : Lunch Break

1400- 1700 hrs. Session Two
   •   Steps to Harmonize National Standards with Codex where Codex Standards Exist
   •   Steps to Harmonize National Standards among SAARC Countries where there are no
       Codex Standards

September 20

0900-1300 hrs : Session Three
Presentations and Discussions on Horizontal Standards
   •   Contaminants
   •   Food Additives
   •   Pesticides Residues
   •   Labeling

1300-1400 hrs. Lunch Break

1400-1700 hrs: Session Four
   •   Identification of Steps to Be Taken by Each Country toward Integrated Science-based
       Food Control

                                                                                page 15 of 18
                                                                            (Appendix II)

                            LIST OF PARTICIPANTS


Country / Name            Designation                  Organization

Mr. Md. Rafiqul Islam     Inspector, Fisheries         Quality Department of Fisheries
                                                       And Control Service Bangladesh
                                                       Ministry of Food, Government
                                                       of Bangladesh

Dr. S R Gupta             Assistant Director General   Directorate General of Health
                          (PFA)                        Nirman Bhawan,
                                                       New Delhi – 11
                                                       Phone/Telefax: +91-(0)11-23012290


Dr. Tika B Karki          Chairman, ILSI South Asia    Department of Food Technology and
                          Nepal Committee & Director   Quality Control, HMG Nepal,
                          General                      Babar Mahal, Kathmandu
                                                       Phone: 00-977-1-262430/262369
                                                       Fax: 00-977-1-262337


Mr. Maher Sher Muhammad   Deputy Secretary             Ministry of Food, Agriculture &
                                                       Livestock, "B" Block Pakistan
                                                       Islamabad / Pakistan
                                                       Phone: +92-51-9201870
                                                       Fax: +92-51-9221246


Sri Lanka
Mr. S. Nagiah             Chief Food and Drug Inspector Food Control Administration
                                                        Department of Health Service
                                                        Government of Sri Lanka, Colombo
                                                        Tel/Fax: 009401672073


                                                                               page 16 of 18
Resource Persons / Organizers

Name                        Designation          Organization

Mr. Ezzeddine Boutrif       Senior Officer       Food Quality and Standards
                                                 Service, Food and Nutrition
                                                 Division, Food and Agriculture
                                                 Organization of the United Nations,
                                                 Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
                                                 1-00100 Rome, Italy
                                                 Phone: +39 06 5705 6156


Mr. D H Pai Panandiker      Chairman             ILSI-India, New Delhi
                                                 Y 40 B, First Floor, Hauz Khas
                                                 New Delhi
                                                 Phone: + 91-11-26523477
                                                 Fax: + 91-11-26968752


Ms. Rekha Sinha             Executive Director   ILSI-India, New Delhi
                                                 Y 40 B, First Floor, Hauz Khas
                                                 New Delhi
                                                 Phone:/ Fax: 91-11-26523477 / 91-


Mr. Klaus Ziller            Consultant           Food Quality and Standards
                                                 Service, Food and Nutrition
                                                 Division, Food and Agriculture
                                                 Organization of the United
                                                 Nations, Rome
                                                 Viale dellle Terme di Caracalla
                                                 1-00100 Rome, Italy
                                                 Phone: +39 06 5705 3169


                                                                          page 17 of 18

Regional Meeting on Modernizing Food Control Systems in
                   SAARC Countries

                  List of Abbreviations / Accronyms

 CAC     Codex Alimentarius Commission
 CBD     Convention on Bio Diversity
 FAO     Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations
 GAP     Good Agriculture Practices
 GDP     Gross Domestic Product
 GHP     Good Hygienic Practices
 GM      Genetically Modified
 GMP     Good Manufacturing Practices
 GOI     Government of India
 HACCP   Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
 HMG     His Majesty Government
 IPPC    International Plant Protection conventions
 OIE     Office International des Epizooties
 PFA     Prevention of Food Adulteration Act
 R&D     Research and Developments
 RDI     Recommended Daily Intake
 SAARC   South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
 SPS     Sanitary and Phyto Sanitary
 TBT     Technical Barriers to Trade
 WHO     World Health Organization
 WTO     World Trade Organization

                                                                  page 18 of 18

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