May June 2008 Mushroom Log by fjzhangweiqun


									May/June, 2008                                                              Volume 36 Issue 3

                                     Ohio Mushroom Society

                   The Mushroom Log
                                        Saturday July 19 9:00 am.         Holiday Inn Express
                                        Registration, coffee and          773 Hebron Road (Rt. 79)
Summer Foray-                           doughnuts at the Dawes            Heath OH 43056
                                        Education Center.                 (740) 522-0770
Arboretum                               9:30, Introductions and tips on
                                        collecting mushrooms.
                                                                          Quality Inn
                                                                          733 Hebron Road
                                        10:00 Forays depart.              Heath, OH 43056
By Dick Doyle, Shirley                  12.:00 Noon Forays return.        (740) 522-1165
Hyatt, and Walt                         12:30-1:30pm Lunch (potluck,
Sturgeon                                covered dish, bring something     Red Roof Inn, #587
                                        to share.                         10668 Lancaster Road, SW
                                        1:30-2:15pm Walt Sturgeon         P. O. Box 310
9 am. Sat. July 19 till Noon            slide show on Wood Munching       Hebron, OH 43025
Sun. July 20.                           Agarics.                          Voice-(740) 467-ROOF
                                        2:30pm Afternoon Forays           Fax-(740) 467-3515
The summer foray this year will         Depart.
be held at Dawes Arboretum on           4:30pm Forays Return              Super 8 Motel
July 19-20. Dawes has a                 5:30pm Review Collections,        1177 Hebron Road
wonderful collection of gardens,        Table Walk.                       State Route 79
trees, and landscapes. You              6:30pm Dinner at a local          Heath, OH 43056
might want to save time to see          restaurant, tba.                  (740) 788-9144
the Japanese Garden, the                                                  (800) 800-8000
Cypress Swamp or roam about             Sunday
the grounds to learn to identify        9:00 am. Coffee and               Super 8 Motel
trees and birds, especially if the      doughnuts, view collections,      I-70 at Route 79
weather turns arid.                     casual mushroom chat, enjoy       Buckeye Lake, OH 43008
                                        the trees and gardens at          (740) 929-1015
Dawes Arboretum is located 35           Dawes.                            (800) 800-8000
miles east of Columbus, OH on           1-1:45 pm, Public Slide Show
Ohio St. Rte. 13, 3 miles north         by Walt Sturgeon followed by      If you mention the OMS Foray
of I-70 (Exit 132) or 5 miles           45 minute hike or table walk.     at Dawes, you might get a
south of Newark.                                                          discount.
The Schedule                                                              For Camping, there is a KOA at
                                        Heath and Hebron area             Buckeye Lake (740) 928-0706,
Fri. evening July 18, 7:00 pm till      Hotels                            4460 Walnut Rd. SE.
?? (early arrivals) Socializing         Amerihost Inn
and refreshments at the                 Exit 129B off I-70 on Rt. 79
Jacktown Pub, at the                    122 Arrowhead Blvd.
intersection of Ohio St. Rte. 13        Hebron, OH 43025                  Morel Mini-
and U.S. 40,Jacksontown OH,             (740) 928-1800.
just south of the Arboretum.            (800) 434-5800                    Forays for 2008
2 The Mushroom Log
May 3 Beaver Creek                  Total counts were Glenn Roth
                                    with 117, Finley Lahmers with        We did pretty well at Salt Fork,
                                    63, Rich and Carol Hill with 32,     despite a small turn-out and a
By Sharon Greenberg                 Walt Sturgeon with approx. 20,       very wet, rainy morning. In
                                    Jerry Pepera with several            attendance were me, Nancy,
Seven hopeful morel hunters         esculenta and a good fistful of      Bud Housley, Eric Burns, Steve
braved the mist and drizzle on      half-frees, and Sharon               Scott and Ferdinand Fernando.
Saturday May 4 with high            Greenberg with 40 for the day.       We hunted two areas, one was
hopes of finding morels after       We do not have an exact count,       a horse trail covered with small
hearing good reports from the       but at least 275 morels were         tulips morels and half-frees
south of the state. Walt            collected by the group during        around tulip poplar, cherry and
Sturgeon and I had scouted out      the day. All in all, it was one of   elm. The other was the usual
a nearby area the day before,       the better hunts at Beaver           spot OMS does, the cave trail in
and found a dozen or so morels      Creek within the past several        the back, where we found some
each. It appeared to be early in    years, and no one got                esculenta and some more tulips
the season, but at least we         "skunked" (either literally or       around elm, poplar and cherry.
knew that they had already          figuratively).                       Totals for the day were: 15
poked their little heads out of                                          esculenta, 12 half-frees,
the ground in our area.... so the   Species list includes:               somewhere over 400 small tulip
hunt was on! The group was                                               morels (lost count after a while)
comprised of experienced            Morchella semilibera or Half         and about a dozen or so that
mushroomers and "newbies"           Free Morel                           could have been either small
Rich and Carol Hill who are new     Morchella esculenta or               esculenta or very large
to the morel scene (but not         Common Morel                         deliciosa. I am beginning to
mushrooms). The hunt began          Gyromitra korfii or Bull Nose        think there is no hard and fast
in the Sprucevale area of           False Morel                          line between the two but more
Beaver Creek Park. We started       Polyporus mori                       like a gradation of forms from
out on a good note with a very      Polyporus squamosus or               the classic esculenta down to
nice-sized morel being spotted      Dryad's Saddle                       the teeny tulip morel.
less than 200 feet into the walk.   Agrocybe praecox or Spring
From there, the group scattered     Agrocybe
and everyone found their own        Coprinus micaceus, Mica Caps         May 10 at Mt.
niche to hunt. Some                 Flammulina velutipes or Velvet
discovered the proverbial           Foot
                                                                         Gilead St. Park
"mother lode" (aka Glenn Roth)      Pluteus atricapillus aka P.
under one tree, while others        cervinus or Deer Mushroom            By Dave Miller & Hugh
had more limited success in                                              Urban
finding only several under
numerous trees. We gathered
after the morning session, took                                          15 of us gathered at Mt.
pictures of our finds, and met                                           Gilead St. Pk. on a bright cool
for lunch at a nearby Chinese                                            morning. We hunted for over
                                                                         2 hours with rather
buffet. There we discussed the
hunt and had a chance to dry                                             disappointing results. See pix
out our boots before heading                                             below. Though I’d found
back into the woods again at a                                           none, Chris Ott, who is about
different location, this time on                                         to move to IN, took pity on me
                                                                         and donated his finds (the
the famous "mushroom ridge" in
                                                                         smaller morels in the pix).
another area of the park with a     Glen Roth with his impressive
higher elevation. The results in                                         Greg Hostetler found the big
                                    117 morel haul.
the afternoon hunt were not                                              ones near the trail.
nearly as good, but there were
definitely mushrooms to be          May 3, Salt Fork
found in that area also.
                                    By Hugh Urban
3 The Mushroom Log
                                   State Park: me(Hugh), Chris            elms on my wooded property.
                                   Ott, Greg Hostetler, Eric              Once their trunks attain a girth
                                   Burns, Finley Lahmers, and             of ca. 6 inches, the beetles find
                                   Joe Day. At Mohican, we                them and the resultant disease
                                   found 38 morchella esculenta           once again proves fatal.
                                   with a few tulips mixed in plus
                                   two semilibera. The                    Efforts to breed resistant strains
                                   esculentas were all around             of both American Elm and
                                   ash and dead elm; one was              American Chestnut have been
                                   too tiny to pick and we left it        underway for some time now
                                   for another day. Eric Burns            and sometime soon, we may
Marita King and Greg               was the one who made the               see a resurgence of these two
Hostetler won smallest and         two big finds -- one was a             noble trees. I published an
largest specimen prizes.           dead elm in a swamp                    article on efforts to save the
                                   surrounded by skunk cabbage            chestnut tree back in the
                                   that all of us passed by, but          March/April, 2007 issue of the
                                   Eric waded in through the              Log. It reported that a series of
                                   thorns and swamp and found             crosses between the American
                                   about 15 nice yellows. He has          (susceptible) and Chinese
                                   a good nose for the morels for         (immune) chestnuts had
                                   sure.                                  produced a hybrid which is
                                                                          indistinguishable from the
                                                                          American chestnut, but immune
                                                                          to the disease. Similar success
                                   Invasive Species                       at breeding resistant elms
                                                                          remains a seemingly distant
Most of the Mt. Gilead crew.
                                   By Dave Miller                         goal.
Seated: Bud Housley, me,
Nancy Jesser; Standing: Dick
                                                                          While I was working on this
Grimm, Finley Lahmers,             Ed. Note: This is the third and        article, Jerry Pepera forwarded
Minor Dickason, Ron Gudrim         last part of an article begun in the
                                   Jan/Feb Log. Previously, I gave
                                                                          a message from Bob Bartolotta
(?), Eric Burns, Rich Hill, Greg
                                   a brief overview of three fungal-      about a scientist, Cindy Hale of
                                   caused tree diseases, Chestnut         the Great Lakes Worm Watch,
                                   Blight, Dutch Elm Disease and          who spoke at the Cleveland
                                   Sudden Oak Death, then two             Natural History Museum giving
                                   insect threats to OH trees, the        evidence that earthworms are
                                   emerald ash borer and the wooly        an invasive species which are
                                   adelgid.                               wreaking havoc in certain
                                                                          hardwood forest habitats.

                                   As much as I hated to see the          Earthworms, now! Good grief!
                                   elms virtually disappear, at least     All these years as a gardener
                                   in the form of large, 2-3 foot         who’d believed the lore about
                                   diameter giants, with their great      how they mix and aerate the
                                   shade-giving, fan-shaped               soil, help break down organic
The total haul (above)
                                   canopy, their loss has not been        matter, which vastly improves
included the species listed
                                   without its up-side. You can           the soil. When all else of the
under Beaver Creek above
                                   usually find morels near the           natural world is on hold during
except there were no false
                                   base of recently killed large          the depths of winter, I found
morels, no Agrocybes, nor
                                   trees for a year or two after their    solace in breaking through the
half free morels; but we did
                                   demise. But in the larger              upper layers of leaf piles, where
find a Peziza sp., several
                                   scheme of things, is a couple of       I’d find earthworms had
Auricularia (Cloud Ears), and
                                   years of easy morel pickings           migrated upwards from the
an old Fomes rimosus.
                                   worth the loss of the American         (usually) waterlogged soil and
                                   elm? Or is the elm really lost?        were happily munching on and
After lunch, six of us             There are numerous young               converting the leaves to
continued on to Mohican
4 The Mushroom Log
compost. I’d even considered          worms came in soil with               was related to its effects on
vermiculture, the growing of          imported plants; in ship ballast;     mycorhizzal fungi.
them in containers to convert         they quickly became a part of
kitchen scraps into rich              the soil life in and around           If you’re interested in learning
compost. Is this a hysterical         human habitations, so much so         more I highly recommend
plot to implicate these good          that we now believe they must         consulting the website above.
guys, the worms, in yet another       have always been here.                It offers a fascinating glimpse
onslaught by dastardly                                                      into how the invasive
invasives? Or am I suffering          And the worms’ industrious            earthworms change the forest
from environmental-threat             abilities to convert organic          floor and the cascade of
fatigue? I had to look into this      matter into beneficial, nutrient-     secondary effects this has on
further, so I visited their website   rich, beneficial-to-crops worm        forest ecology. It is a lesson we               castings, all to the good in          are learning repeatedly as we
                                      agricultural environments,            study the intricate inter-
It was a real education.              becomes a bete noir in sugar          connections which an eco-
                                      maple forests. Many of the            system entails. And when
For starters, there are NO            understory plants as well as          fishing with worms as bait, don’t
native earthworms documented          tree seedlings roots do best in       dump them out so you’re not
in most of the Great Lakes            the thick accumulation of litter      responsible for spreading them.
region. Whatever native               which hardwood forests                Take them home and put on
species might have been here          especially generate. This ―duff‖,     your compost pile!
were wiped out by the glacial         as it is sometimes called,
ice sheets which covered the          provides a porous medium for
upper Midwest between 11,000          their roots to thrive in. Its thick   Fungal Snares
and 14,000 years ago.                 spongy ―air pockets‖ act as an        and Other Sticky
Recolonization of soils by native     insulating blanket protecting
earthworms occurs only very           roots from temperature                Ends
slowly, the worms moving less         extremes and providing a
than ½ mile in 100 years. Thus        reservoir of moisture.                By Else C. Vellinga
our forests in the Great Lakes
region developed to their             The worms eat this duff and
mature climax state as                their castings (worm poop),           For over twenty years we have
essentially earthworm-free, and       while very nutrient rich, deprive     watched a fallen oak be
the native flora and fauna            the roots of the duff’s protective    devoured by oyster
evolved to thrive in such a           qualities. They have a harder         mushrooms. At first the decay
verminless Eden. (vermin              time penetrating the denser           went slowly, but during the last
comes from the Latin vermis,          mineral soil layers and many of       few years it has accelerated.
meaning worm, though vermin           the finer rootlets perish. Thus       This winter, for the first time, we
has developed a broader               compromised, many of the              could not really find the wood,
meaning to include                    understory plants and tree            and the oyster mushrooms had
―troublesome or disgusting            seedlings can no longer               disappeared.
insects or other minute animals‖      compete.
to quote the American College                                               Wood is a very inhospitable
Dictionary.)                          Among the plants who out-             substrate. Its components are
So where did all the supposedly       compete them is garlic mustard,       hard to break down and, though
beneficial earthworms come            Allairia, a recently (late 1800’s)    rich in carbon (C), nitrogen (N)
from?                                 introduced weed, which will           (an essential component for
                                      quickly form dense stands in          amino acids and proteins) is in
                                      the more open woods which             very low supply. Wood
The same place as most of our
                                      result with the loss of               decayers have come. up with
weeds (e.g., dandelions,
                                      understory species. In the            ingenious ways to cope with
plantain, ragweed, to name just
                                      May/June, 2006 Log, I reprinted       this shortage, including one
a few) which plague our
                                      an article from the N.Y. Times,       chemical pathway that has
agriculture did: their seeds
                                      about garlic mustard’s                bioluminescence as a by-
were purposefully imported
                                      detrimental effects on sugar          product (e.g. in the jack-
here by our less environ-
                                      maple seedlings and how this          o'lantern ).
mentally aware ancestors. The
5 The Mushroom Log
Oyster mushrooms and their             the deer fungus, Pluteus.              To put this in perspective, small
relatives in the genus                 However, fungi in the phylum           mushrooms, very closely
Hohenbuehelia (gilled                  Ascomycetes have come up               resembling modern Marasmius
mushrooms chock-full of thick-         with the same idea to                  species, have been found in 90-
walled encrusted cystidia, with        supplement their spartan               94 millionyear-old amber from
a gelatinous layer in the cap)         carbon diet. One order in              New Jersey. Arbuscular
have come up with a                    particular, the Orbiliales, is rich    mycorrhizal fungi have been
remarkable alternative-they            in species that have come up           found in much older deposits,
devour nematodes. The                  with fascinating trapping              dating from the Ordovician
mycelium of these species              devices. The genus Orbilia is an       period (460 million years ago).
forms drops (in the case of            example; its species form very
Pleurotus) or adhesive knobs           small, glassy, brightly colored        There is a huge interest in using
(Hohenbuehelia), which contain         little cups on wood, which are         the nematode-trapping fungi as
toxins that paralyze the               easily overlooked.                     possible bio-control agents for
nematodes (which are very                                                     those nematodes that cause
small worms). The reaction of a        The classical and thorough             animal and plant diseases, and
nematode to these toxins is            work-with beautiful illustrations-     also in the fungal species that
immediate-it stops wriggling           on these nematode-trapping             might be a threat to those
and forms a simple target for          fungi was done by Drechsler in         nematodes which are,
the hyphae of the fungus. The          the 1930s. There are at least          themselves, used to control
hyphae hone in on the mouth of         five different models of these         plant-pathogenic insects.
the nematode and enter the             traps, including adhesive knobs,       Oyster mushrooms can be
animal, which is at this point still   two-dimensional or 3-D                 found on almost every walk in
alive. The hyphae proceed              networks of adhesive cells,            the woods, and the soils of the
inside and devour the                  adhesive columns, and a lasso-         grasslands and forests harbor
nematode from the inside out.          like structure made up of three        many species of other
Just like humans eat meat for          cells that inflate (like an air bag)   nematode trappers. Does this
their protein supply, so does the      when the nematode pokes in.            make you think of Gulliver? You
oyster mushroom "eat" the              Rings that do not inflate are          might not want to stand in one
nematode.                              also found, but only in                spot for too long!
                                       combination with the adhesive
Hohenbuehelia species that do          knobs (which makes sense).             - Reprinted from Mycena News,
this have been known for a long        Educational movies on the              vol. 59:02, February 2008, The
time, but mostly not in the form       workings of those traps can be         Mycological Society of San
of fruiting bodies; rather, they       found online at                        Francisco February 2008, via
exist as sterile mycelia in the How            Mushroomers of the Oregon
soil under the genus name              these structures have evolved,         Mycological Society (OMS).
Nematoctonus. Another source           and which ones are more
of nitrogen for the oyster             derived, is not yet quite clear-
mushrooms is bacteria, and this        the two papers dealing with this
might be the case for more             issue reach opposite
species than we realize. There
is a report that Laccaria species
                                       conclusions. One paper has the
                                       3-D networks primitive and the
can obtain nitrogen from               adhesive knobs derived, while          Harvests
springtails-another way of             the other reverses the order.
getting this essential part of the
fungal diet. It is, however, not       Recently, hyphae with non-             (Roots, Shoots, and
known how the Laccaria are             constricting rings were found in       Leaves)
able to kill the springtails.          a piece of amber dating from
The nematode-killing abilities of      the Late Albian period during
the oyster mushrooms, plus             the Cretaceous period (around          By Susan Goldhor
Hohenbuehelia, are not found in        100 million years ago).
other gilled mushrooms.                Nematodes were present in the          Reprinted with the author’s
Instead, they form a separate          same amber, which indicates            permission from the 2007 Issue
group that, in an evolutionary         that this type of interaction is       No. 3 of the Boston Mycological
context, is close to the family of     not a modern invention at all.         Club. Cont’d from the Mar/Apr.
6 The Mushroom Log
Like almost all good                  access on its own – as much as       the legumes, this topic has
science, these findings               a thousand times more.               been the focus of a lot of
raise more questions.                 I’m not sure how the hyphae          research. There are a number
What makes roots grow?                find the roots, but I have the       of key differences between
How do the hyphae find                feeling that it’s the same way       rhizobial associations and
and access the roots?                 people meet in crowded clubs         mycorrhizal associations, one of
How much C does the                   or mixers, with the added            which is that rhizobial bacteria
plant allocate to below-              advantage that many                  are far more limited than
ground roots and fungi?               mycorrhizal fungi are                mycorrhizae in their host
If both roots and hyphae              unselective – indeed, we might       ranges. This demands clear
cycle their C (or CO2)                say promiscuous. (Of course,         chemical signaling by both
back so quickly, does this            so are many people.)                 parties, since they not only
go into the atmosphere or             Remember that a typical              need to hook up, but each
does it stay in the soil?             teaspoon of healthy soil             needs to identify itself to the
                                      contains literally miles of          other as an appropriate partner.
One answer to the question of         hyphae. Hyphae and roots             Additionally, rhizobial
what makes roots grow is that         (and everything else down            nodulation appears to be more
they are incredibly sensitive to      there) are in intimate contact,      anatomically complex than
the presence of water, and            plus they’re growing and             fungal attachment, and requires
send out hairs towards even           probing all the time. Also, since    the root hair to swell and curl
small amounts. (I know. This          the hyphae are probably              around the bacteria; something
doesn’t really answer the             already inserted into the cells or   that doesn’t happen with fungi.
question of the mechanics of          intercellular spaces of older        French researchers have
how they grow. Sorry.) As             roots, it’s not a huge stretch to    shown that a number of
Luoma puts it, ―Fine hairs            locate the new ones. The really      arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi do
extending from the root appear        interesting question is how they     produce small diffusible
almost spontaneously at the           physically glom (that’s a subtle     molecules that activate at least
slightest whiff of moisture; if the   but clever pun, since many           one of the genes that are
soil becomes completely dry,          mycorrhizal fungi are Glomales)      activated by what are called
they virtually melt away. The         on to the root. We may not           Nod (for nodulation) factors,
root, meanwhile, extends itself       know how they do it, but we do       produced by rhizobial bacteria.
onward through the soil in            know, via the fossil record, how     Researchers know of a number
search of more moisture. The          long they’ve been doing it for:      of genes required for
cap at the tip of the root is scaly   ever since the first land plant      nodulation, and they may find
and hard, like a helmet – or a        appeared, about 400 million          that more are shared by
thimble. It is the most               years ago. Scientists have           mycorrhizal association. It
industrious piece of the tree,        been learning more about the         seems to me that we would
probing nooks and nicks and           genetic basis of the association     expect a simpler system for the
crannies, worming between             recently, but not because            short-lived mycorrhizae, as
tightly packed stones…                they’re interested in fungi. It      opposed to the nitrogen-fixing
pursuing whispers of moisture         turns out that about 70 million      nodules which are
all the while, snaking around         years ago, the legumes arose         comparatively large,
obstructions, and even, when          and the rhizobial bacteria that      permanent entities, although
necessary, lifting great weights.     attach (sorry – I just can’t say     this might not be true for the
― Despite this strength,              ―infect‖ for this association,       arbuscular structures. But I’ve
sensitivity and energy, however,      even though this is the term         been wrong before. (Note that
we know that plants still need        many of the scientific papers        much of this paragraph comes
and get water from mycorrhiza,        use) to their roots and fix          from an article entitled, ―The
and the reason seems to be –          nitrogen, cleverly and               Roots of Plant-Microbe
at least partly – that mycorrhizal    economically took advantage of       Collaborations‖ by Jean Marx in
hyphae can get into micropores        some of the machinery that was       Science, 9 April, 2004.)
that root hairs simply can’t fit      already there for the fungal
into, and that the hyphal net can     association. And, because            The question of how much
connect trees with far more soil      humans could see the                 carbon plants allocate to their
area than the tree’s roots can        economic and agricultural            below-ground parts and
                                      advantages of the rhizobia in        partners requires a vague
7 The Mushroom Log
answer since different plants          be great at carbon                    saved for the future; get ready
and, presumably, even the              sequestration. But what               for more surprises! May you
same plant under different             amazes me about these                 have a fall fruit-full of beautiful,
circumstances, vary quite a lot.       publications is how infrequently      delicious and amazing fungi.
Researchers have found (more           they mention glomalin, and how        And, as you walk through the
or less) between 40-70% going          much of the research on carbon        woods, consider the world
below ground. As to how much           exchange and storage looks            beneath your feet, with its ever-
of this actually goes to the           only at hyphae. Glomalin is the       changing partners in the dance
fungal partners, this too is quite     bizarre and perhaps unique            of root hairs and hyphae, eaten
variable, but two studies (one in      material that forms a rigid tube      by bacteria and arthropods and
a Scandinavian pine forest and         around the soft hyphae of             annelids but always pushing out
one in a Washington fir forest)        arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.         new shoots; everything living
have come up with estimates            And – because its weird               and dying, attacking and
(not actual measurements) of           (protein+carbohydrate+iron)           defending, consuming and
about 15%. Luoma says that             structure is almost impossible        being consumed. Remember
scientists have estimated about        for any creature to break down        that if all of this flux works as it
40% of total photosynthate             – it has a lifetime of up to forty    should, the forest will survive
seeps out of the roots to feed         years in soil; more than any          and we will celebrate its
both mycorrhizal fungi and             other natural material we know.       permanence. Don’t be a
everything else that’s hanging         Furthermore, at least in some         surface chauvinist! Protect the
around. I can’t check this             experiments, increasing               below-ground and the above-
figure, but it’s very likely that at   atmospheric CO2 caused                ground will take care of itself.
least the Washington fir figure is     increased glomalin formation.
too low. And, both of the 15%          The discoverer of glomalin,           Time to Renew:
estimates are of evergreen             Sara Wright, and her colleague,
forests, and may not tell us           Kristine Nichols, showed that         OMS Dues for 2008
much about mixed deciduous             glomalin may account for more         are Due
communities.                           than a quarter of all soil carbon.
One of the issues driving              If fungi are going to save the                  It’s that time of year
current research on the fate of        planet, the place to look for their             again. Spring is here
carbon in the forest is concern        carbon sequestration is                 Well    and we are hunting
about global warming. Since            glomalin – not hyphae.                          mushrooms. Don’t
humans would prefer not to             Glomalin (named for Glomales)         forget to renew your 2008 dues
change their lifestyles, they are      was discovered in 1996.               if you haven’t done so already.
hoping that forests will do their      Luoma’s book was published in         Don’t miss a single issue of the
dirty work for them. (These are        1999, so it’s reasonable that he      Mushroom Log or miss out on
the same forests that humans           doesn’t mention it. (While news       upcoming foray opportunities.
have hacked down in order to           about Paris Hilton may travel at      At a measly $10 per year, it’s
get the lumber demanded by             the speed of light, news of           still one of the best values
those same lifestyles.) Climate        fungal discoveries does not.)         around! The cutoff date for
change and carbon                      On the other hand, ―Mycorrhizal       dues payment is May 31, 2008.
sequestration come up over             Ecology‖, a collection of             You will be removed from the
and over again in books and            scientific studies on fungi,          OMS Mushroom Log mailing list
articles I’ve read about fungi in      including their role in carbon        after the Maya/June issue, if we
the forest, and they often             cycling and climate change,           haven’t received dues from you
mention that a high percent of         was published in 2002, and (if        before the subsequent issue is
the carbon passed to the               the index can be trusted)             to be mailed. Use the handy
mycorrhizal fungi is respired out      contains one short reference to       renewal form provided in this
again. (Of course – why do the         glomalin in its 456 pages.            Log. And please, alert us of
fungi need sugar in the first          Shame!                                any name, address, zip code,
place if not to break it down for                                            email, and telephone number or
energy?) Obviously, if the             I have to stop, although the          area code changes.
hyphae are actively                    rhizosphere in general, and the
metabolizing and breaking              root-hyphal connection in             To sum up:
down as fast as their partner          particular, have much more to          OMS costs $10 per year
root hairs, they are not going to      teach us. The canopy is being
8 The Mushroom Log
   NAMA costs $32 per year              We welcome your ongoing               352 W. College St.
    —for OMS members                     participation!                        Oberlin, OH 44074
   Separate checks, please                                          
   Send OMS checks to Jerry             Articles for the next newsletter
    Pepera, P. O. Box 1075,
                                         Deadline –July 26
    Chardon, OH 44024.
                                         David Miller

                                       Calendar of Events
                                                                               Beaver Creek State Park, near
OMS Events                                                                     Calcutta OH. Details tba.

Email Jerry at                                                                              th
                                                                               Sat. Nov.15 . Annual Dick Grimm to
receive notification of                                                        Banquet. Buckeye Lake Yacht
impromptu events. Check your                                                   Club. Details tba.
most recent issue of the
Mushroom Log for event
updates and for more detailed                                                  Ohio & Regional
information. Please plan to join
us. All mini-and morel forays are
subject to cancellation. Call first
to confirm. Please bring a                                                     July 31-Aug. 3 (Thurs.-Sun.)
whistle and compass and RSVP                                                   NEMF, Northeastern Mycological
the host so they have                                                          Foray, Connecticut College, New
cancellation flexibility.                                                      London CT. A See their website
                                         as above. Prairie walk at approx. for details.
                                         2:30 pm. Lots of food choices at I-          th
                                         71 SR 95 exit. Prairie only a mile    Aug. 10 (S ) Scenic Vista Park,
Other impromptu mini forays, as                                                Wayne Bridge Rd., just west of
                                         from there.
follows:                                                                       Lisbon, 2:00-4:00. Outdoor
                                                                               mushroom hike and mushroom
                                         Aug. or Sept. Mini-foray.             display. Conducted by Walt
An open invitation to anyone             Chance Creek, Lorain Co.              Sturgeon. Free.
who wants to mushroom hunt in            Metroparks, depending on                      th
Fredericktown.     Call Dick             weather!                              Sept. 13 (S ) Beaver Creek State
Grimm (740) 694-0782, and if                                                   Park, at the Nature Center, 5 hour
                                         Dave Miller (440) 774-8143.           mushroom workshop, conducted by
he’s available and there are
                                                                               Walt Sturgeon. Registration and
mushrooms in the woods, he               Oct. 5 (Sun.) Mini-Foray—             Fee, contact the Nature Center or
will go.                                 Grove’s Woods, Trumbull Co.,          Park Office.(330) 385-3091.
             th                          Pete & Pauline Munk. (440)
Sat. July 12 , 9 AM. Mt Gilead           236-9222.                             Sept. 20 (Sat.)—Western PA
State Park, Main Pavilion. A                                                   Mushroom Club’s 7 Annual Gary
joint mini-foray with the NE                                                   Lincoff Mid-Atlantic Mushroom
                                          Email Jerry as instructed            Foray, North Park PA. See their
Ohio Native Plant Society. Dick          above.                                website at
Grimm, (740) 694-0782 and                                            
Tom Sampliner (216) 371-4454.            July 19-20(Sat-Sun.)—
From north or south, exit I-71at SR      Summer Foray at Dawes
95 exit, go west on 95 approx. 8 mi.     Arboretum. See details on             National & More
From west, pick SR 95 at Marion,         page 1.                               September 18-21---2008
OH, from east go to Mt. Vernon,                                                NAMA Foray in McCall, ID .
pick up SR 13 to Fredericktown,          Oct. 11-12 Fall Foray, Little         See their website,
exit at SR 95, go west to I-71, then     Beaver Creek Nature Center at, for details
9 The Mushroom Log
        Membership Application for the Ohio Mushroom Society


CITY                                                  STATE          ZIP

TELEPHONE                                             FAX


Enclosed please find check or money order: $10.00 (family) annual _____       $125 life ______________
enrolling me in the Ohio Mushroom Society. My interests are:

Mushroom Eating/Cookery            Photography                Nature Study

Mushroom ID                        Cultivation                        Other (specify)

Would you like to be an OMS volunteer? In what way?

How did you hear about our group?_________________________________________________


May OMS provide your name to other mushroom related businesses?      Yes____No

Return form and money to: Ohio Mushroom Society, c/o Jerry Pepera, P. O. Box 1075, Chardon, OH 44024

Reminders: Please send your E-mail and mailing address changes to Jerry Pepera at the above address.

           2008 Ohio Mushroom Society Volunteers
10 The Mushroom Log
Chairman                 Newsletter Editor            Program Planners            Hospitality Co-chairs
Walt Sturgeon            Dave Miller                  Walt Sturgeon               Janet & Jack Sweigart
(330) 426-9833           (440) 774-8143               (330) 426-9833              (419) 634-7216

Treasurer/Membership/    All-round Special Person     Daphne Vasconcelos          Sharon Greenberg
Circulation              Dick Grimm                   (614) 475-4144              (330) 457-2345
Jerry Pepera             (740) 694-0782        d.greenberg@worldnet.att.
(440) 354-4774                                     ne                                Pete & Pauline Munk
                         Cleveland Metroparks         (440) 236-9222
Jack-of-All-Trades       Liason             
Dick Doyle               Debra Shankland
(740) 587-0019           (440) 526-1012               Lake MetroParks Liaison        dks@clevelandmetroparks.     Jennifer Harvey
                         com                          (440) 256-2106
Corresponding Sec’y                                   jmcanlis@lakemetroparks.c
Joe Christian                                         om
(419) 757-4493
      11 The Mushroom Log

         Ohio Mushroom Society
           The Mushroom Log

           Circulation and Membership
                  Jerry Pepera,
                 P. O. Box 1075
               Chardon, OH 44024

                   Dave Miller
                352 W. College St.
                Oberlin, OH 44074


The Mushroom Log, the official newsletter of the
Ohio Mushroom Society, is published bi-monthly
throughout the year.

Contributions of articles and ideas for columns are
always welcome. Articles may be edited for length
and content.

Non-copyrighted articles may be reprinted without
permission in other mushroom club publications,                    DATED MATERIAL
provided that The Mushroom Log is credited. We        Address service requested. Return postage guaranteed.
appreciate receiving a copy of the publication.

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