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Upper and Lower Egypt Old and New Kingdoms Egyptian Antiquities

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					 Upper and Lower Egypt
 Old and New Kingdoms
Egyptian Antiquities: Cairo
         Museum


                      Agnes Wu
   Ancient Egypt
• Ancient Egypt is separated into two
  segments: Upper Egypt and Lower
  Egypt
• The Nile River flows from the South to
  the North into the Mediterranean Sea
• Upper Egypt is in the South while
  Lower Egypt is in the North
• Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt spoke
  different dialects, worshipped
  different gods and had different
  dialects
• Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt united in
  3100 BC           http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/69/Ancient_Egypt_main_map.png/200px-Ancient_Egypt_main_map.png
Upper Egypt

• Located South of
modern day Cairo
• Known as the
“land of the reeds”
                  http://www.nma.gov.au/shared/libraries/images/temporary_exhibitions/basin_bytes_goolwatoowoomba/goolwatoowoomba
                  _large_images/reeds/files/10830/reeds.jpg


• Divided into 22 “nomes”, which are districts
• Capital is Nekhen
                                         http://www.rainbowcrystal.com/egypt/E-67Pnekhbet.jpg




• Worshipped Nekhbet,
the vulture goddess




• Represented by Hedjet, the tall
white crown
• Also represented by the lotus

                          http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en-commons/thumb/f/f8/180px-Hedjet.svg.png
Lower Egypt
• Located around the Delta
area of the Nile
• More fertile
• Known as the “land of the
papyrus”
• Divided into 20 “nomes”
• Capital: Buto
                              http://www.jadu.de/pm/pics/papyrus4.jpg
                                                                                         http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9a/Wadjet_N5139_
                                                                                         mp3h8831.jpg/400px-Wadjet_N5139_mp3h8831.jpg
• Worshipped Wadjet,
the cobra goddess


• Represented by
Deshret, a low red crown
• Also represented by the
papyrus

                     http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Deshret.svg/424px-Deshret.svg.png
The Old Kingdom (2686 – 2134 BC)
• Also known as “the Age
  of Pyramids”
• Djoser built the Step
  Pyramid in the 3rd
  dynasty            http://www.sacred-destinations.com/egypt/images/saqqara/step-pyramid-djoser-cc-phool-4-XC-450.jpg




• In the 4th dynasty,
  Sneferu built a pyramid
  in Meidum, the Bent
  Pyramid and the Red
  Pyramid                                         http://www.phouka.com/pharaoh/egypt/photos/dashur/pt/bentPyramid01.jpg
• Khufu built the Great
  Pyramid of Giza
• Djedefra built
  another pyramid and     http://www.sacred-destinations.com/egypt/images/giza/great-pyramid-cc-romsrini-350.jpg




  the Sphinx




                                                                                                     http://guardians.net/hawass/images/sphinx3.jpg
• Menkaura built the
  smallest pyramid in
  Giza
The New Kingdom (1570 – 1070BC)
• Also known as the Egyptian Empire
• When Egypt was most prosperous
• Egypt expanded into Nubia and fought for
  Syria
• Most famous pharaohs – Ahmose I, Akenaten,
  Tutankhamun
• Valley of the Kings built in 19th dynasty by
  Ramesses II
Cairo Museum
• Also known as the Museum of Egyptian
  Antiquities or the Egyptian Museum
• Established by government in 1835
• Built by the French architect, Marcel
  Dourgnon
• Has over 120,000 artifacts including
  sculptures, games, accessories, furniture,
  coffins, utensils, caskets, mummies and masks
• Artifacts collected from all around Egypt from
  the tombs of pharaohs like King Tut,
  Amenhotep II, Tuthmosis III, Tuthmosis IV,
  Amenhotep III, Horemheb, Yuya and Thuya…




            http://fredferg.blogs.com/travelog/images/2007/04/08/the_cairo_museum.jpg

				
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