Leave No Trace - PowerPoint by fjzhangweiqun


									“Leave No Trace combines
knowledge and judgment with
ethical responsibility”

     "Tell me, and I will forget;
   Show me, and I may remember;
 Involve me and I will understand..."
  Leave No Trace
Outdoor Skills & Ethics
               Leave No Trace
          for the Boy Scouts of America

A National Education Program Designed to Teach Stewardship,
       Land Ethics, and Outdoor Skills on Public Lands
            Presentation Objectives

 Provide an overview of resource impacts resulting
  from recreational use.

 Review WHY a national Leave No Trace educational
  program is needed.

 Introduce and describe Leave No Trace practices most
  applicable for Boy Scouts.
Take only photographs,
      Leave only footprints…

Boggled by the minimum impact slogan, the
Scoutmaster takes only photos of footprints…
Overview of Visitor Impacts

 Leave No Trace “Virtual” Campfire
Vegetation Impacts
      Vegetation loss
Spread of non-native species
       Tree damage

                                Soil Impacts
                               Loss of organic litter
                                 Soil compaction
                                   Soil erosion
    Wildlife Impacts
    Disturbance of wildlife
      Altered behavior
Reduced health & reproduction

                                Water Resource Impacts
                                  Turbidity, sedimentation
                                    Soap & fecal wastes
Social Impacts


Improving the Reputation of Scouts
         Loving Our Public Lands To Death?
      BSA: > 5 million members, 308 Councils, 138,000 units

 50,000+ Troops & 17,000+ Crews =
       300,000+ weekend trips
  10,000+ weekend multi-group trips
       5,000+ week-long trips
 1,000+ week-long multi-group trips

 Estimated annual outdoor BSA use
 on public/private recreation lands:
                                                Increasing visitation
Over 15 million user days!                    = Increasing impacts?
Is all this use really a problem?
 Leave No Trace might seem          Why Leave No Trace ?
  unimportant until you consider
  the combined effects of millions
  of outdoor visitors.

 One poorly located campsite
  or campfire may have little
  significance, but thousands of
  such instances seriously
  degrade natural resources
  and recreation experiences.
 To protect our resources we
  must take the responsibility
  to educate ourselves and
  practice the skills and ethics
  necessary to Leave No Trace.
The LNT Challenge

 Prevent avoidable resource
  and social impacts

 Minimize unavoidable

 Preserve the quality of
  resources and recreation
           The Seven LNT Principles

1. Plan Ahead and Prepare
2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
3. Dispose of Waste Properly
4. Leave What You Find
5. Minimize Campfire Impacts
6. Respect Wildlife
7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Poor camping & hiking skills that unnecessarily impact natural
  resources or degrade the experiences of other visitors.

                                         Soap in streams
                                         Expansion of campsites
                                         Campfire impacts
                                         Creation of new trails
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Leaders and participants can learn, apply, and teach Leave No
  Trace skills and ethics.

                 & Training

WWW.LNT.ORG                    Workshops, Trainer, & Master courses
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Large group sizes that are noisy and crowd out other visitors.

                                              Displacement of others
                                                  at popular sites
                                              Noise
                                              Crowding
                                              Conflicts
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Obtain sufficient leadership to travel and camp in smaller groups,
  even when there aren’t group size limits.
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Use of equipment that unnecessarily increase resource impacts.

                        Do you really need
                        an axe or saw?
1. Plan Ahead and Prepare

 Select equipment that facilitates Leave No Trace practices.

                                   Use backpacking stoves for cooking
                                   Bring a trowel to dig cat-holes
                                   Bring a piece of screen to strain
                                   Use a candle lantern instead of a
2. Travel and Camp on
Durable Surfaces
 Widening trails by hiking two or more abreast, creating new
  trails, and cutting switchbacks.
2. Travel and Camp on
Durable Surfaces
 Stay on formal trails when possible, walk single file in the center
  of the tread. Don’t create new trails.
2. Travel and Camp on
Durable Surfaces
 Creating new campsites or enlarging existing sites by developing
  new tent sites or trampling vegetation around campsites.
2. Travel and Camp on
Durable Surfaces
 Use only well-established campsites that are large enough for
  your group or split the group and camp on separate sites.

 Focus activity in core use areas on the most durable surfaces.
Durable Surfaces:
Previously Disturbed Surfaces
3. Dispose of Waste Properly

 Trash left behind, food spilled, left-over food buried or partially
  burned. Wildlife attracted to campsites.
3. Dispose of Waste Properly

 Pack it in, Pack it out: Inspect campsite for trash and spilled
  foods, including “micro-garbage.” Don’t burn trash or food.
 Strain dishwater through a screen to remove food particles. Pack
  these out, along with leftover food.
3. Dispose of Waste Properly

 Pollution of water from washing or improperly disposed human
3. Dispose of Waste Properly

 Carry water for washing dishes or your body 200 feet away from
  streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap.
3. Dispose of Waste Properly

 Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug 6 to 8 inches deep at
  least 200 feet from water, camp and trails. Cover and disguise
  the hole when finished.
4. Leave What You Find

 Souvenir collection and artifact theft (e.g., flowers, fossils, historic
   or cultural artifacts, deer antlers, wild animals as pets).
4. Leave What You Find

 Explain why souvenir collection is not sustainable. Leave natural
  and cultural objects for others to see.
5. Minimize Campfire Impacts

 Proliferation and migration of campfire sites.
5. Minimize Campfire Impacts

 Use a lightweight stove for cooking and a candle lantern for light.
 Only build a campfire when permissible, in areas with an
  adequate wood supply, and if an existing fire site is present.

                                         LNT “virtual” campfire!
5. Minimize Campfire Impacts

 Damage to trees from axes, saws & knives, depletion of firewood,
  large fire pits filled with charcoal and unburned trash and food.

                                   Troop 375
5. Minimize Campfire Impacts

 If you do build a campfire … keep fire small and burn for a short
  time to conserve fuel. Use sticks from the ground that can be
  broken by hand.

 Burn all wood to ash, put fires
  out completely and scatter
  “cleaned” ashes to keep fire
  pits small.
6. Respect Wildlife

 Disturbance of wildlife, displacing them from areas of preferred
6. Respect Wildlife

 Enjoy wildlife at a distance.
 You are too close if your presence or actions elicit a response
from wildlife.
6. Respect Wildlife

 Feeding wildlife (unintentional or
  intentional), attracting them to people
  and developed areas.

 Feeding wildlife damages
  their health, alters natural
  behaviors, and exposes them
  to predators and other
6. Respect Wildlife

 Never feed animals or allow them to obtain human food or trash.
  Even a few pieces of GORP are a meal for many animals. Don’t
  teach wildlife to be beggars!
6. Respect Wildlife

 Bears that obtain human food become “problem bears” that
  must be relocated or killed. Wildlife should not pay with their
  lives due to our carelessness with food.
6. Respect Wildlife

 Protect wildlife and your food by
  storing rations and trash securely.
  In bear country hang bear bags or
  use bear-proof food canisters.
6. Respect Wildlife
7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors

 Crowding, particularly at attraction sites, along trails during rest
  breaks, and in popular camping areas.
7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors

 Take breaks off-trail, don’t monopolize attraction sites and
  popular camping areas. Camp away from trails and other
7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors

 Conflicts with other groups,
  particularly with visitors seeking
7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors

 Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience.
 Let nature’s sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises.
              Benefits of Applying LNT
 Better planning leads to safer
  trips and lighter packs
 Prevents avoidable impacts,
  minimizes unavoidable
 Protects the quality of natural
  environments and recreation
 Avoids or minimizes the need
  for restrictive management
  regulations or use limitations
                   What Can I DO?

 Visit the website (www.lnt.org) or call the Leave No Trace
  Center for Outdoor Ethics (1-800-332-4100) to obtain LNT
  brochures, booklets, and other information.

 Learn and apply LNT skills and ethics on future trips!
 Complete the BSA LNT Awareness Award, take a Trainer
  or Master’s course and then teach others.

 Become a supporting member of Leave No Trace.
                 Leave No Trace Website


Comprehensive information on the Leave No Trace program including:
      * Principles                 * LNT Courses
      * Skills & Ethics Booklets   * Traveling Trainer Program
        Leave No Trace Publications
Hang Tags
                   Outdoor Skills
                   & Ethics Series   Pamphlets
          Boy Scouts of America
    LNT Awareness Award Requirements

1. Recite and explain the principles of Leave No Trace.
2. On three separate camping/backpacking trips, demonstrate
   and practice the principles of Leave No Trace.
3. Earn the Camping and Environmental Science merit badges.
4. Participate in a Leave No Trace-related service project.
5. Give a 10-minute presentation on a Leave No Trace topic
   approved by your Scoutmaster.
6. Draw a poster or build a model to demonstrate the
   differences in how to camp or travel in high-use and pristine
                        The End

Happy trails and remember to . . .   Leave No Trace !
This slide set was developed for the national Leave No Trace program.
  Copies may be obtained from the Leave No Trace Center for Outdoor
Shorter versions can be developed by omitting slides or local images may
  be substituted to adapt the program to specific areas.

                                          Developed by Jeff Marion, Ph.D.
                                          Leader, Cooperative Park Studies Unit,
                                             Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
                                          540-231-6603, jmarion@vt.edu

To top