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									 2009 4th Global Shipping Summit
 International Logistics Connection Conference
 “Splitting, Discovering, Consolidating”


“A Fast Emerging Market in India –
Development of Eastern Seaboard”.

                         Capt. Sriram Ravi Chander
                            Chief Operating Officer
                 Visakha Container Terminal Pvt Ltd
          India Foreign Trade Policy 2009-14

•   The long term policy objective for the Government is to double India‟s share in
    global trade by 2020.

•   By 2011, India has set a policy objective of achieving an annual export growth of
    15% with an annual export target of US$ 200 billion and by 2014. double India‟s
    exports of goods and services

•   Focus Market Scheme & Focus Product Scheme - 26 new markets have been
    added under focus market scheme. These include 16 new markets in Latin
    America and 10 in Asia – Oceania. A large number of products included in the
    Focus Product Scheme.

•   Enhanced market access - Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement
    with South Korea, The Trade in Goods Agreement with ASEAN and the
    Mercosur Preferential Trade Agreement with Latin American countries
     World Economic Growth Prospects

                           GDP(annual growth rate%)

8                    7.3
                 6                                                                6
6                                                  5.4
                                                                          4.7
4    3.1
                                                             2.5
                                             1.5
2          0.8                                                     0.6
0
            2008                        2009                          2010
-2                             -1.4
-4
                                      -3.8
-6
            World    Advanced economies        Developing economies      India


                                                                                 Source IMF
                         The Emerging Economies

•   „E7‟ emerging economies: the BRIC economies of
    Brazil, Russia, India and China, plus Mexico,
    Indonesia and Turkey.

•   By 2050, the E7 emerging economies will be around
    50% larger than the current G7 (US, Japan, Germany,
    UK, France, Italy and Canada)

•   China is expected to overtake the US as the largest
    economy in around 2025

•   The projected list of fastest growing economies to 2050 is headed by Vietnam, and the top 10 includes
    Nigeria, Philippines, Egypt and Bangladesh


India has the potential to catch up with the US by 2050

                         Sources: Price Waterhouse Coopers, Goldman Sachs, The Times of India
                         Defying the Slowdown
•   India continued to grow even during slowdown

•   Emerging economies recovered faster than the developed
    economies




                             •   As the global economy recovers India and China will lead the
                                 expansion and will grow at rates of 5.4 and 8.5 % respectively.

                             •   Boosted by large policy stimulus that is increasing demand from
                                 domestic sources and a turn in the global manufacturing cycle,
                                 the two Asian giants are leading the rebound in emerging and
                                 other developing economies

                                                                          Source World Bank
                         Defying the Slowdown
•   Despite slowdown, India ranked among top five investor‟s destination for the next two years
    according to UNCTAD

•   India to attract major investments in Power Projects, Highway Projects, Petroleum, Telecom,
    Auto and Chemical sectors

                               FDI inflows USD million

           40000
           35000
           30000
           25000
           20000
           15000
           10000
            5000
                                  Financial Year : April - March
               0
                        2006-07              2007-08               2008-09
                                                                                     Source RBI
                     India Trade Agreements
•   Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
     – Srilanka
     – Thailand
     – ASEAN
     – EU (under negotiation)
     – Switzerland (under negotiation)
     – New Zealand (under negotiation)

• Trade Agreements
   – Bangladesh
   – Bhutan
   – Maldives
   – China
   – Japan
   – Mongolia
• Trade Treaty
   – Nepal
   – Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) - South Korea
   – Singapore
                         India Trade Agreements
•   Framework Agreement
     – GCC states i.e. The Member States of the Cooperation Council for the
        Arab States of the Gulf.
     – ASEAN i.e. The Association of South East Asian Nations.
     – Chile.

•   Regional Agreement
     – South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) with Pakistan, Nepal, Sri
        Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan and the Maldives.

•   Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA)
     – Afghanistan
     – Chile
     – MERCOSUR - It is a trading bloc in Latin America comprising Brazil,
         Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. It has Chile and Bolivia as its
         associate members.
                                              „Look East‟

•   In a major success in its `Look East' policy, India has
    signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with the 10-
    member Association of South East Asian Nation
    (ASEAN) bloc that would eventually eliminate duty on
    80% of the goods traded at present.

•   The two sides have set an ambitious target of achieving
    an increase of $50 billion worth of trade in the first year
    after the agreement comes into force from January
    2010.

•   Indian exporters of Machinery and machine parts, Steel
    and steel products, agriculture products such as Oilcake,
    Wheat and Buffalo Meat, Auto Components, Chemicals
    and Synthetic Textiles would gain additional market
    access as a result of tariff liberalisation by ASEAN.


ASEAN member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore,
Thailand, Vietnam
                                           „Look East‟
•   India and South Korea has signed the Comprehensive
    Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)

•   The pact expected to boost bi-lateral trade by $ 3.3 billion
    annually




                                     •   Tariffs on South Korea auto parts are to be reduced to one
                                         percent over a period of eight years from the current average of
                                         12.5 %
               The „Dragon-Elephant Tango‟

• India – China trade to cross $60 billion this year

• By 2013-14 expected to cross $100 billion
                        The „Dragon-Elephant Tango‟


•   India and China – Billion plus
    population. Together accounting for
    35% of world population




•   300 years ago – India & China formed
    50% of world GDP

•   Today it stands at 17%

•   % share in world trade is less than 10%
           India Exports

                2008


              3%                           East Asia
     14%
                                           Europe
                             33%

7%                                         Middle East

                                           Africa


                                           North America
19%

                                           South America
                       24%

                         Data Source: DGCIS, Kolkata
       India Imports

             2008
                                           East Asia
            3%
       9%
                                           Middle East
  6%                         31%

                                           Europe


                                           Africa
22%

                                           North America



                    29%                    South America
                          Data Source: DGCIS, Kolkata
Infrastructure Growth in India
SPLITTING
        Bulk Cargo Handled During 2008



                                                43%                ‘000 Tons
         57%

                Kandla
64893
               Mundra                             Kolkata Dock System
110                                             Haldia                   57282
2500              Pipavav            Paradip
57039                 MBPT                                               42438
                       JNPT
55756                      Gangavaram Visakhapatnam
                                                                         64597
                                            Kakinada
35128                                                         16662      2626
                  Mormugao          Krishnapatnam                 8209
36019
               New Mangalore                                             57154
                                      Chennai
15810
                         Cochin   Tuticorin
21480
       Containers Handled During 2008

                                             28%
                                                                     ‘000 TEUs
       72%


                Kandla
137                                            Kolkata Dock System
                Mundra                                                 449
717                                           Haldia
               Pipavav
179                                         Paradip                    2
                     JNPT
3945                                                                   87
                                         Visakhapatnam
                Mormugao
25           New Mangalore                                             1140
                                 Chennai
260                 Cochin   Tuticorin
440
             Ports = Gateway or Funnel ?

                                                          More than 70% of
                                                           Container movement
                                                           through two gateways

        Kandla
       Mundra
                                   Kolkata Dock System    Back end infrastructure
                                  Haldia
      Pipavav                                              unable to support the
            JNPT                                           growing infrastructure
                             Visakhapatnam
        Mormugao
    New Mangalore
                        Chennai                           Gateways tuned to funnels
            Cochin   Tuticorin


Solution lies in de-hubbing congested ports and use alternate efficient gateways
DISCOVERING
Vibrant East




                     Kolkata Dock System
                 Haldia

               Paradip

          Visakhapatnam




     Chennai
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN TAMIL NADU
   • Agro based Industry
   • Automobile
   • Bio-Technology
   • Chemical and Petro Chemical Industry
   • Cotton Textile and Hosiery
   • Engineering Industry
   • Glass
   • IT & ITES                               Kandla                             Kolkata Dock Syste
   • Leather Industry
                                                                            Haldia
   • Metals                                   MBPT
   • Mineral based Industry                         JNPT                  Paradip
   • Paper Industry
                                                                       Visakhapatnam
   • Pharmaceuticals Industry
                                             Mormugao
   • Readymade Garments Industries
   • Wood Products Industry               New Mangalore
                                                               Chennai

                                                  Cochin   Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN ANDHRA PRADESH
   • Agro based Industry
   • Bio-Technology
   • Bulk drugs and Pharmaceuticals
   • Chemical and Petro-Chemical Industry
   • Cotton Textile and Hosiery
   • Cement
   • Engineering Industry
   • Fertiliser
                                            Kandla                             Kolkata Dock System
   • Horticulture
   • IT industry                                                           Haldia
                                             MBPT
   • Mines and Minerals                                                  Paradip
                                                   JNPT
   • Oil & Natural Gas
   • Paper                                                            Visakhapatnam
   • Poultry & Fisheries                    Mormugao
   • Spices                              New Mangalore
   • Textiles and Apparel industry                            Chennai

                                                 Cochin   Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN ORISSA
   • Agro Based Industry
   • Cement
   • Fertilizer
   • Forest Based Industry
   • Handloom
   • Iron and Steel
   • Information and Technology
   • Minerals & Metals
                                     Kandla                               Kolkata Dock System
   • Mining
                                                                      Haldia
   • Paper                            MBPT
   • Sugar                                                          Paradip
                                              JNPT

                                                                 Visakhapatnam
                                     Mormugao

                                  New Mangalore
                                                         Chennai

                                          Cochin     Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN CHATTISGARH
   • Agro Based Industry
   • Biotechnology
   • Cement
   • Power
   • Minerals &Metals
   • Mining
                                     Kandla                               Kolkata Dock System
   • Iron & Steel
                                                                      Haldia
                                      MBPT
                                              JNPT                  Paradip

                                                                 Visakhapatnam
                                     Mormugao

                                  New Mangalore
                                                         Chennai

                                          Cochin     Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN WEST BENGAL
   • Agro based Industry
   • Automobile
   • Bio-Technology
   • Cotton Textile
   • Engineering Industry
   • IT & ITES
   • Jute
   • Leather Industry
   • Metals                       Kandla                               Kolkata Dock System

   • Mineral based Industry                                        Haldia
                                   MBPT
   • Tea
                                           JNPT                  Paradip

                                                              Visakhapatnam
                                  Mormugao

                              New Mangalore
                                                      Chennai

                                       Cochin     Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN BIHAR
   • Agro Based Industry
   • Power
   • Oil Refinery
   • Textiles
   • Engineering Industries
   • Steel
                                 Kandla                               Kolkata Dock System
   • Mining
                                                                  Haldia
                                  MBPT
                                          JNPT                  Paradip

                                                             Visakhapatnam
                                 Mormugao

                              New Mangalore
                                                     Chennai

                                      Cochin     Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN EASTERN MHARASHTRA
   • Agro Based Industry
   • Power
   • Engineering Industries
   • Steel
   • Paper
                                   Kandla                            Kolkata Dock System
                                                                    Haldia
                                    MBPT
                                            JNPT                  Paradip

                                                               Visakhapatnam
                                   Mormugao

                                New Mangalore
                                                       Chennai

                                         Cochin    Tuticorin
MAJOR INDUSTRIES IN EASTERN MADHYA PRADESH
   • Agro Based Industry
   • Textiles
   • Mining
   • Diamond Production
   • Cement
   • Sugar
                                   Kandla                            Kolkata Dock System
                                                                    Haldia
                                    MBPT
                                            JNPT                  Paradip

                                                               Visakhapatnam
                                   Mormugao

                                New Mangalore
                                                       Chennai

                                        Cochin     Tuticorin
Development of the Notified SEZs

                      West Bengal      Others, 7
         Uttar            , 6
      Pradesh, 8                                      Andhra
           Tamil Nadu,                             Pradesh, 68
                27
    Rajasthan,
         4

    Orissa , 2
                                                    Gujarat ,
    Punjab, 2                                           16
                              Karnataka ,
                Maharashtra                  Haryana, 15
                                   20
                    , 24
          Madhya
        Pradesh, 3       Kerala , 8
               From the Fields…

                           Rice



       Maize




                  Cotton
Soya
Center of Action
                   Highly Developed



                   Developed



                   Internal issues



                   Developing
               Center of Action
                                          Major Investments in
                                          • Steel
                                          • Cement
                                          • Oil Exploration & Refinery
                                          • Power
                                          • Chemicals
                                          • Refractories
                                          • Aluminium
                                          • Mining
                                          • Apparel
                                          • Engineering
                                          • Sugar and Food Processing
                                          • Bio- Diesel

These new developments are happening within 700Km of Visakhapatnam
           Ports on the Eastern Seaboard
                                     Kolkata

                                                   Major Ports
                                               -   Kolkata/Haldia
                          Gopalpur
                                               -   Paradip
                                               -   Visakhapatnam
                 Gangavaram
                                               -   Ennore
                                               -   Chennai
                                               -   Tuticorin (other side of Cape Camorin)
 Krishnapatnam
                                                   Large Non Major Ports
 Ennore
                                               - Gangavaram
Kariakal
                                               - Kakinada
                                               - Krishnapatnam
Container Terminals on the Eastern Seaboard
                                        Kolkata




                             Gopalpur




                    Gangavaram                    - Kolkata/Haldia



    Krishnapatnam
                                                  - Visakhapatnam


                                                  - Chennai
East Coast Hinterland (Containers)




                                   Kolkata Dock System
                                Haldia



                         VCTPL




                   CCT, CITPL
          The Right Thing on the Right Side
• New port and terminals should be patronised

• Warehousing and distribution hubs closer to
   the „center of the action‟. Take Right, avoid
   round-about.

• Evolve to 3PL and 4PL
CONSOLIDATING
               Back to Barter
CASE: India exports Iron Ore to China and Imports Coal from China




                    Iron Ore
                      Coal
                                 Box‟vantage
• Ultra Large Container Vessels of over         •   Two Way cargo movement between
  12000 TEU carrying capacity (Emma                 India and China
  Maersk, MSC Daniella) are deployed on
  the major trunk routes.                       •   Large volumes move in bulk vessels
• The next order vessels (8000 TEU) have to
  find employment on the minor trunk
  routes




• During a 24 hr operation in a Indian Port,    •   Evacuation of bulk cargo takes days
  an average of 20000 tons discharged /         •   Goods rail run at 40Kmph
  loaded in bulk operation using two cranes
• During the same period, 24000 tons can be     •   Evacuation takes hours with containers
  loaded / discharged in container operations   •   Container trains run a 100Kmph
  using same number of cranes
Back to Barter
                 The concept can be extended to all
                 commodities traded between any
                 pair of countries



                 Intra- Asia has over 160 Free Trade
                 Agreements
Free Pollution to Pollution Free
                    Need of the Hour
                  on the East Coast of India
•   Ports with deep harbour to accommodate bigger vessels
•   Ports closer to the growing „action‟ area
•   Ports with efficient handling systems including dedicated container berths
•   Ports that can cater to faster evacuation of cargo




                                                                • Un-congested
                                     • Ability to expedite large volumes of cargo
                                          • Rail and Road links to hinterland
                                       • Capable to expand with growing needs

Regional Hubbing – Kolkata , Chittagong, Yangoon, Renong, Andaman, Chennai, Vizag
                                Kolkata / Haldia
•   Old and established port with promising hinterland

•   0.045 million TEUs handled every year

•   Closer to land locked countries of Nepal and Bhutan



                                                    •     Acute shortage of space and hence often congested

                                                                  •   Riverine Port - severe draft restrictions

                                                          •   Absence of efficient container handling systems

                                                                      •   No possibility of further expansions
                                  Visakhapatnam
•   In the middle of the fastest developing region in India.

•   Efficient container handling infrastructure

•   Ample space and un-congested

•   Deepest container terminal on the East Coast of India

•   Possibility for further expansions

•   Well connected to central, eastern, and southern India both by road and rail

•   Feasible to cater to 5 ICDs across India and Nepal                             •   Limited ICD movement

•   Proximity to the straits of Malacca                        •   Currently handling 0.08 million TEUs only

                                           •      Manufacturing base still growing in the immediate hinterland
                                           Chennai
•   Efficient container handling infrastructure

•   1 million plus throughput

•   New capacity added ( CITPL )

•   Hinterland with large manufacturing base

•   Presence of major Mainline and Feeder services

                                                                                     •   No ICD movement

                                                                                    •    Located down south

                                            •     Port approach through the city – poses congestion problems
International Logistics Connection to
  the Fast Emerging Market in India
                            Summary
• The nucleus of world trade shifting to Asia

• Over 160 Free Trade Agreements in Inter-Asia region

• India adopted “Look East” policy

• East Coast is the center of action in India

• Deep draft harbours with dedicated container terminals within close
  proximity of the growing hinterland is the need of the hour

• Solution lies in directional distribution and regional hubbing

• We need to grow pollution free

								
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