Forms of City Government

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					FORMS OF CITY GOVERNMENT
There are two different structures of government that most cities utilize, either the Mayor-Council system or the Council-Manager system.

”STRONG” MAYOR-COUNCIL
Under this system the Mayor is the chief executive and the City Council is the legislative body. This system is modeled after the Federal Constitution structure of government. The primary components are: MAYOR Chief Executive
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CITY COUNCIL Legislature
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Not A Member Of The City Council Proposes City Budget Appoints Department Directors Veto Authority

Elects Own Presiding Officer Sets City Council Agenda Approves City Budget Mayoral Veto Override Authority

COUNCIL-MANAGER
Under this system the City Council is the legislative body and an appointed City Manager is the Chief executive. This system is modeled after the corporate structure of governance. The primary components are: CITY COUNCIL Legislature
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CITY MANAGER Chief Executive
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Appoints City Manager Approves City Budget Mayor Is City Council Chairperson

Proposes City Budget Appoints Department Directors Sets City Council Agenda

50 LARGEST CITIES
STRUCTURE Mayor - Council Council - Manager Commission CITIES 31 18 1 PERCENTAGE 62% 36% 2% POPULATION 8,104,079 3,845,541 2,862,244 2,012,626 1,470,151 1,418,041 1,263,756 1,236,249 1,210,393 904,522 900,198 784,242 777,704 744,230 730,008 681,804 671,929 636,251 603,337 594,359 592,099 583,624 571,480 569,165 556,432

RANK CITY STRUCTURE New York City, 1 Mayor - Council NY 2 Los Angeles, CA Mayor - Council 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Chicago, IL Houston, TX Philadelphia, PA Phoenix, AZ San Diego, CA San Antonio, TX Dallas, TX San Jose, CA Detroit, MI Indianapolis, IN Jacksonville, FL San Francisco, CA Columbus, OH Austin, TX Memphis, TN Baltimore, MD Fort Worth, TX Charlotte, NC El Paso, TX Milwaukee, WI Seattle, WA Boston, MA Denver, CO Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Council - Manager Mayor - Council Council - Manager Council - Manager Council - Manager Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Council - Manager Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Council - Manager Council - Manager Council - Manager Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council

CITY STRUCTURE Louisville, KY Mayor - Council Washington, DC Mayor - Council Nashville, TN Mayor - Council Las Vegas, NV Council - Manager Portland, OR Commission * Oklahoma City, 31 Council - Manager OK 32 Tuscon, AZ Council - Manager Albuquerque, 33 Mayor - Council NM 34 Long Beach, CA Council - Manager 35 New Orleans, LA Mayor - Council 36 Cleveland, OH Mayor - Council 37 Fresno, CA Mayor - Council 38 Sacramento, CA Council - Manager 39 Kansas City, MO Council - Manager Virginia Beach, 40 Council - Manager VA 41 Mesa, AZ Council - Manager 42 Atlanta, GA Mayor - Council 43 Omaha, NE Mayor - Council 44 Oakland, CA Mayor - Council 45 Tulsa, OK Mayor - Council 46 Miami, FL Mayor - Council 47 Honolulu, HI Mayor - Council 48 Minneapolis, MN Mayor - Council Colorado Springs, 49 Council - Manager CO 50 Arlington, TX Council - Manager U.S. Census 2004 Population Estimates

RANK 26 27 28 29 30

POPULATION 556,332 553,523 546,719 534,847 533,492 528,042 512,023 484,246 476,564 462,269 458,684 457,719 454,719 444,387 440,098 437,454 419,122 409,114 397,976 383,764 379,724 377,260 373,943 369,363 359,467

10 OTHER CITIES
CITY St. Louis, MO Pittsburgh, PA STRUCTURE Mayor - Council Mayor - Council POPULATION 343,279 322,450

Tampa, FL St. Paul, MN Anchorage, AK Birmingham, AL Fort Wayne, IN Spokane, WA

Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council Mayor - Council

321,772 276.963 272,687 249,090 233,149 219,351 196,721 178,605

St. Petersburg, FL Mayor - Council

Salt Lake City, UT Mayor - Council

STRUCTURAL TRENDS
U.S. CITIES
(Population over 100,000)

Adopted Mayor - Council Government
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1990 - Tulsa, Oklahoma  Pop. 383,764  Replaced Council - Manager government 1993 - St. Petersburg, Florida  Pop. 249,090  Replaced Council - Manager government 1993 - Fresno, California  Pop. 457,719  Replaced Council - Manager government 1994 - Sioux Falls, South Dakota  Pop. 136,695  Replaced Council - Manager government 1998 - Oakland, California  Pop. 397,976  Replaced Council - Manager government  6 year pilot made permanent in 2004 1999 - Spokane, Washington  Pop. 196,721  Replaced Council - Manager government  2002 proposal to return to Council - Manager government failed 2002 - Hartford, Connecticut  Pop. 124,848  Replaced Council - Manager government 2003 - Richmond, Virginia  Pop. 192,494

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Replaced Council - Manager government 2004 - San Diego, California  Pop. 1,263,756  Replaced Council - Manager government  5 year pilot starts in 2006

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Adopted Council - Manager Government
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2004 - El Paso, Texas  Pop. 592,099  Replaced Mayor - Council government 2004 - Topeka, Kansas  Pop. 121,809  Replaced Mayor - Council government  1985, Replaced Commission government with Mayor - Council government 2005 - Cedar Rapids, Iowa  Pop. 122,206  Replaced Commission government


				
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