Key Note Address Transport Sector Performance Indicators by sdfwerte

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									Transport Sector Performance
         Indicators

                  By
         Jayaweera, Don S.
   Secretary, Ministry of Transport,
                GOSL
       Goals of the workshop
• Facilitation to the management of various sub-
    sectors so that they can effectively deliver
    transport services and transport infrastructure
    cost effectively by optimum solutions;
•   Adjust the policies through monitoring and
    reviewing of the sector performance in respect
    of its contribution to the implementation of
    agreed national policies; and
•   Provision of better insight into Local, National,
    Regional and Global perspective of transport
    activity and trends;
                                                  Gini Co-efficient
                                 Co




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                                                                      Regional Income Distribution - Sri Lanka -2004




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Economic, Social and
Environmental Indicators

1. Per Capita GDP       US$ 947      -2003
2. Population           19.252 million
3. Population Growth    1.3
4. Population Density   307 persons per sq. km
5. Gini coefficient     0.48
6. Literacy Rate        90.1% (92.5% male, 87.9% female)
                    Vehicle Ownersip vs Population


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Size of the Transport Sector within the
               Economy

• 8.3% of the GDP is from the Transport Sector
  – 2003
  – Per Capita GDP US $ 1028
  – Contribution of transport sector ranging from 6%
    to 11% during last decade;
  – Total direct employment is 745,000;
  – Estimated value of fixed assets - Rs. 260 billion
    (US $ 26,000 million);
  – Estimated total losses - 45% of perishable
    vegetables and 35% of paddy;
  – Other product loss is 28%
Size of the Transport Sector within the
              Economy…
• Average annual expenditure is Rs. 34 billion (Equivalent
  of US $ 3,400 million);
• 6% to 9% of the Government budget for transport
  sector;
• Total economic loss due to transportation is estimated as
  Rs. 38 billion;
• Total economic loss due to non-existence of accessibility
  is estimated as Rs.64 billion per annum;

Note: Urban traffic congestion, produce not reaching
  markets, transportation losses, time lost due to poor
  access to the services had been taken for calculation
Objectives of the Current Transport Policy
            (Local and Global)

• Enhancing connectivity closer to transport and
    information division between poor communities and
    dynamic markets;
•   Revitalizing rural development;
•   Promote development of small and medium scale
    enterprises;
•   Increasing employment and mainstreaming poverty
    reduction objectives in sectoral development
    strategies; and
•    Incorporating participation and empowerment in
    approaches aimed at assisting poor regions directly.
         Current Transport Strategies
• Upgrading port network;
• Building a national highway and an integrated
    road network;
•   Enhancing the performance of the bus system;
•   Modernizing railway;
•   Improving access to telecommunication
    facilities;
•   Bringing internet to rural community.
     Thrust Areas of the Transport Policy
                            – rural access roads and rural transport
• building a modern           services;
  road network;             – Public Service Obligation of Transport
   – providing safe road      Services;
     network;               – Pricing of transport services and
                              infrastructure;
   – enhancing the          – Welfare effects of the transportation;
     most important bus     – Accessibility of urban and rural poor for
     transport system;        services and employment;
     and                    – Environmental effects and productivity;
   – modernizing the        – Quality and effectiveness of transport
     railway by a reform      services and infrastructure including
     within public sector     public cost minimization
        Transport Infrastructure
                                                      in Km’s
Roads:
  Total network                                 108,000
  National Roads                                11,236
  Provincial Roads                              15,450
  Local Authority Roads                         74,500
  Forest, Wiled Life, Irrig. & Estate           8,000

Approximately 2000 villages do not have proper accessibility which is
equivalent to 5% of the total human settlements in the country
 Transport Infrastructure…


• Railway: Total Network - 1,524 km
  – Length of Track opened for Traffic as at May 31,
    2003.
     • Single Line           1,112.02
     • Double Line             120.18
     • Third Line               13.37
     • Total                 1,246.00
  – BG Yard Line               279.00
  – Total BG Track           1,524.00
  – Length of Track not in Operation – 295.57 km
     • 134 villages connected only by inland water ways and
       causeways (North East of the Country)
 Transport Services – Rolling Stocks as
             at May, 2004
• Road Sector – Active Fleet 1,274,000
  –   Private sector buses        17,840
  –   Cluster Buses                 3,900
  –   Motorcycles                450,000
  –   Three Wheelers             164,000
  –   Lorries                      86,740
  –   Motor Cars                 138,345
  –   Dual Purpose/ Vans/ 4WDs   176,348
   National Road Network and
   Railway Network with
   transportation nodal points.of
Province        Number
                Villages
                           of
                         Zero
                              Number
                              Villages Partial
Northern Province    Access to roads
                     Not Available     Not available to
                                       access
                                       roads
Eastern Province     98                195

North Central        52                43

North Western        53                64

Central              116               202

Sabaragamuwa         153               198

Southern             114               178

Uva                  167               314

Western              16                37

Total                769               1,231
    Transport Services – Rolling
             Stocks…
• Railways
  – Steam Locomotives                  2
  – Locomotives                       82
  – Rail Cars                          2
  – Diesel Hydraulic Power Unit       56
  – Coaches                        1,260
  – 234 villages are accessible only by rail track in
    the Island
Provincial Distribution of Total Poor




                                        Western
                                        Central
                                        Southern
                                        North Western
                                        Uva
                                        Sabaragamuwa
        Growth of Transport Sector and
                   Economy

  G ra ph 1 - E c on omic G ro w th a n d T ra nsp ort D e ma nd G ro w th (pa st tre nds)
  0.2

0.15

  0.1                                                                                                                                         Freight Demand Growth

0.05                                                                                                                                               GDP Grow th

                                                                                                                                             Passenger Demand Growth
    0

-0.05

 -0.1
        1983          1985          1987          1989          1991          1993          1995          1997          1999          2001
               1984          1986          1988          1990          1992          1994          1996          1998          2000
            Poverty vs. Rural Accessibility
3,000
2,500
2,000                                                                Per Capita Income
1,500                                                                Per Capita Expenditure
1,000                                                                Un-accessible rurals

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Population Distribution by Sector - 2001




                                                                       Urban
                                                                       Rural
                                                                       Estate

Source: Census of Population and Housing –2001, Dept of Census and Statistics
                                                            Expenditure and Outputs
                Item                                                                      Railways

                                          1995          1996             1997            1998        1999       2000        2001

Recurrent Expenditure (Rs. Million)       2,583         3,910            5,043           4,484       3,997      2,621       5,040

Capital Expenditure (Rs. Million)         1,675         1,735            1,825           1,742       2,038      2,886       2,685

Total Expenditure (Rs. Million)           4,258         5,645            6,868           6,226       6,035      5,507       7,725

Output Ratio                              0.58          0.45             0.49            0.50        0.60       0.40        0.54
Quality Index                             0.65          0.54             0.48            0.49        0.44       0.40        0.32
Accepted output (PKm in Million)          4,812         4,497.6          4,482           4,453.6     4,753.6    4,565.2     5,766.6
Total Economic Loss (Rs. Million)         1,029.3       962.0 SLR, MOTH&CA, and AMTRAC
                                                         Source:
                                                                         958.8           952.6       1,016.8    976.5       1,233.4

                       Item                                                                Roads

                                                 1995       1996             1997         1998        1999      2000        2001

      Recurrent Expenditure (Rs.             197.3        236.0            266.4         265.4       286.4     277.1      403.7
      Million)
      Capital Expenditure (Rs. Million)      3,911.2      3,357.5          5,450.1       6,521.3     5,360.8   9,152.4    10,052.5

      Total Expenditure (Rs. Million)        4,108        3,593.5          5,716.1       6,786.7     5,647.2   9,429.5    10,456.2

      Output Ratio (Probability of bad       1:3          1:4              1:3           1:3         1:2       1:4        1:5
      road)
      Quality Index (BI Value)               6500         5400             4800          5000        4800      4500       5000

      Accepted   outputs (Road               3000         3200             3000          2900        2800      2500       2200
      Roughness)
      Total Economic Loss (Rs.               12,000       13,400           16,500        17,500      18,600    19,400     22,300
      Million)
          Passenger and Freight Market
                  Distribution

Mo d a l D i s t r i b u t i o n o f t h e Fr e i g h t Ma r k e t           Modal Distribution of Passenger Market -
                                                                                               2002


                                                                                                         Bus
                                                                     Roa d                               Rail
                                                                     Ra il
                                                                                                         Para Transit
                                                                                                         Private Motorist
Data gaps identified and tentative
solutions
   • Local Authority and Provincial Council level
       data for road conditions;
   •   Supply & Demand of buses at provincial and
       local levels;
   •   Household expenditure on transportation (on
       regular basis);
   •   Data on maintenance of roads (routine, and
       periodic) ;
   •   Vehicle emission data.
                 Fuel Efficency- Passenger km per Liter

250

200

150
                                                          Pax.km./per liter
100

50

 0
      Railways         bus         car        van
                   Age Distribution of Diesel vehicles - As at 2003


180,000
160,000
140,000                                                               Other
120,000
                                                                      Diesel Three Wheelers
100,000
 80,000                                                               Diesel Motor Lorry
 60,000                                                               Diesel Land Vehicle
 40,000
 20,000                                                               Diesel dual-purpose
      0                                                               Diesel Buses
          than   than   1981- 1986- 1991- 1996-        2001           Diesel Car
          1970   1980   1985 1990 1995 2000            and
                                                       new
                   Age Distribution of Petrol Vehicles - As at 2003


350,000
300,000
                                                                      Petrol Three wheelers
250,000
                                                                      Petrol Motor Lorry
200,000
                                                                      Petrol Motorcycles
150,000
                                                                      Petrol Dual-purpose
100,000
 50,000                                                               Petrol Car

     0
          than   than 1981- 1986- 1991- 1996-           2001
          1970   1980 1985 1990 1995 2000               and
                                                        new
Data gaps identified and tentative
solutions…
• Collection of random sample data for road
    conditions;
•   Case study for operated vehicle km for private
    motor vehicles;
•   Sample survey for vehicle occupancy;
•   Expenditure for transport from household
    surveys used to estimate data for non-available
    years;
•   Need capacity building at grass root level
Thank you !!

								
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