Community Safety and Crime Prevention Council

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					 Audit of the Community Safety and Crime Prevention
                   Strategy 2004
                 Feedback paper # 3

                                  May 2008

       The intention of this paper is to generate discussion on current crime
       prevention and community safety initiatives implemented by State
       Government agencies via the Community Safety and Crime Prevention
       Strategy 2004.


Key Findings

An audit (attachment one) of the action statements listed in the State
Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy 2004 (the 2004 Strategy)
indicates there has been considerable progress made since commencement.

Of the 44 action statements listed, all have been either fully or partly
implemented. However, it is acknowledged that not all actions have been
delivered to the full intent of the Strategy, and that gaps are identifiable. A
renewed State Strategy can address these gaps while building upon the
successes.


Background

Western Australia‟s State Community and Crime Prevention Strategy 2004
(the 2004 Strategy) is currently being renewed.

The Strategy‟s vision is to make Western Australian communities safer
through targeted and coordinated crime prevention and crime reduction
programs.

The 2004 strategy was designed to make the Western Australian community
safer through concerted crime prevention action, built on the core principle of
whole of community partnership. A key element of this approach is the
involvement of a range of stakeholder agencies including State government
departments.

Contemporary crime prevention theory recognises that crime and the causes
of crime is complex and require multi-faceted responses. Many of the
strategies in such an approach can only be delivered by specialist agencies.
For example, tackling truancy requires the expert leadership of the
Department of Education; tackling housing problems requires the expert
leadership of the Department of Housing and Works, and so on.


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The Office of Crime Prevention is responsible for coordinating the overall
delivery of the 2004 State Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy.

The 2004 Strategy has 44 action statements listed under the five goals of:
 Supporting families, children and young people (11 Actions)
 Strengthening communities and revitalising neighbourhoods (10)
 Targeting priority offences (9)
 Reducing repeat offending (7)
 Designing out crime and using technology (7)

This audit has been to be designed to ascertain the level of activity that has
occurred to address the stated action commitments.

The Next Step

The Office of Crime Prevention is currently consulting with the community to
develop the State Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy 2008,
building upon the 2004 Strategy.

An evaluation framework for 2008 Strategy will be developed that will ensure
regular review of progress, including an independent, comprehensive and
universally agreed monitoring system using measurement tools that can more
accurately delineate the efficiency and effectiveness of Goals and Actions
within the Strategy. The evaluation of the Strategy will be aided by the
development of a „Strategy Implementation Plan‟ that clearly delineates
responsible agencies and intended timelines.

Feedback

Table one below (pages 5-24) overviews progress on the commitments of the
State Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy 2004.

We welcome your feedback on the gaps and potential future directions of the
renewed state strategy, by including your comments in the table in the areas
indicated.

      Please return your comments to the Office of Crime Prevention via email to
                           gerard.daniells@ocp.wa.gov.au
                              or by fax: (08) 9222 8705

                        Closing date: Friday 1 August 2008


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4
                                          Table One: Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy 2004
                                                           Audit of action statements

         2004 STRATEGY                                        STATUS                                 ARE THERE GAPS?   WHAT COULD A RENEWED
          COMMITMENT                                                                                                   STATE STRATEGY DO TO
                                                                                                                        ADDRESS THE GAPS?

                                                   Goal 1: Supporting Families, Children & Young People
1. Expand the Strong Families      o There are now fourteen Strong families Coordinators
   Program state-wide to             covering the whole state. All currently are permanently
   improve State Government          filled.
   responses to families and       o Between 1/1/04 – 31/12/07, 781 families have been
   children at risk through a        involved in the program and 3,661 individual agency staff
   more effective collaborative      participated in 1 or more Strong Families processes.
   case management approach
2. Implement the Early Years       o The Early Years Strategy was launched in 2003 and
   Strategy, including early         further enhanced through the launch of the Children First
   intervention strategies to        Agenda in 2004.
   target „at risk‟ families and   o The approach includes a broad range of parenting and
   children.                         child development initiatives, including both „universal‟ and
                                     „selected‟ strategies targeting at risk families.
                                   o Leadership of this strategy was transferred to the
                                     Department for Communities in 2008.




                                                                                                                                     5
3. Appoint additional child     o Between August 2006 and January 2008, the Department
   protection workers             of Child Protection recruited an additional 281 direct
                                  service delivery staff.
                                o There are a further 94 frontline recruits ready to be
                                  appointed and 30 applications waiting to be assessed. A
                                  further 33 people are about to be appointed to hard-to-fill
                                  positions.
                                o An ongoing recruitment campaign is in place to recruit
                                  remaining vacant positions
4. Develop and implement a      o The Intensive Supervision Program (ISP), based on
   strategy to improve young      Multisystemic Therapy (MST), targeting young people
   people‟s safety and reduce     aged 10-17 at risk or engaging in serious juvenile offending
   juvenile offending and         through intensive intervention via a family- and community-
   victimisation                  based treatment model.
                                o Three (3) metro teams have been established in
                                  Maddington, Mirrabooka and Midland areas and a regional
                                  team was established in Kalgoorlie in September 2007.
                                o ISP staff are currently working with a total of 49 clients,
                                  their families and related stakeholders.
                                o There are 28 clients receiving intensive intervention and
                                  another 21 that staff are attempting to engage for
                                  intervention.
                                o Through the Behaviour Management and Discipline
                                  (BM&D) strategy, funding of $16.5m annually is provided to
                                  support 273 schools to address behavioural issues;
                                  provide an intensive training program in effective
                                  classroom management; and to enable district education
                                  offices to provide strategic support to schools with
                                  challenging student behaviour.
5. Create a state-wide          o The Pathways to Prevention program was introduced to
   Pathways to Prevention         WA as a pilot in the Mirrabooka area as the Pathways
   program                        Project in 2004.
                                o The pilot is close to completion however no findings or
                                  recommendations have been made as yet.
                                o The project is currently being expanded to Port Hedland.




                                                                                                 6
6. Introduce Responsible       o The Parent Support and Responsibility Bill 2005 became
   Parenting Contracts and       law on 15 April 2008.
   Orders, backed up by        o Responsible Parenting Agreements have been trialled
   programs that improve and     since 2005 with parents with very high risk children.
   support parenting skills    o ParentSupport is providing such programs in S, SE, E
                                 metro and Peel police districts.
                               o This service is on target to see 551 families this financial
                                 year with 65% of referred parents engaging fully.
                               o Specialist responses are being developed for urban and
                                 remote Indigenous parent, parents with alcohol or drug
                                 problems and new refugees.
                               o The service continues to be rolled out with N. metro,
                                 Kununurra and Halls Creek in development phase.
                               o An external evaluation has been completed with very
                                 positive results indicating high levels of improvements in
                                 family relationships.
                               o Of those parents engaging, 98% are able to stop children‟s
                                 antisocial behaviour and/or or make significant
                                 improvements in the quality of children‟s lives.
7. Continue to manage the      o The policy continues and has recently been expanded
   Young People in               (additional vehicle and two Outreach Support Workers).
   Northbridge Policy          o All key stakeholders involved with the Policy remain
                                 actively engaged and working collaboratively to advance
                                 the „Policy‟ objectives.
                               o A 3yr review of the policy in 2007 revealed:
                                   A significant reduction in the number of
                                       unaccompanied young people at night within the
                                       Northbridge entertainment precinct.
                                   Improved community confidence, agency and
                                       organisation operations.
                                   A 35% reduction in the number of unsupervised
                                       young people on the streets of Northbridge at night.
                                   A reduction in the number of young people
                                       apprehended/ charged by JAG in Northbridge.
                                                                                 (Continued)




                                                                                                7
                                       Total number of contacts with the target group of the
                                        „Policy‟ decreased by 34.7% in 2005/06 compared to
                                        the 2003/04 data.
                                    Improvements to the way young people are case
                                        managed; and
                                    Improved intelligence sharing across agencies and
                                        organisations leading to better understanding of the
                                        reasons why certain individuals exhibit antisocial and
                                        risk taking behaviours.
                                o Recommendations arising from the 3-year review of the
                                  effectiveness of the „Policy‟ are being progressed.
8. Continue to provide home     o The Birth to School Entry Universal Contact Schedule
   visits by Community Health     Policy was released in 2006 and states that the first
   Nurses                         universal postnatal contact is offered by the community
                                  child health nurse within 10 days after birth. Contact may
                                  be by phone, in a clinic or through a home visit. Home
                                  visiting is the preferred form of contact.
                                o It is estimated that 50% of families receive a home-visit
                                  within 10 days of birth across the metropolitan area.
                                o Home visiting has facilitated the establishment of the
                                  relationship between the community child health nurse and
                                  the family and has assisted in tailoring services to the
                                  particular needs of the family
                                o Community child health nurses provide extra support for
                                  vulnerable families, (considered to be 15% of the child
                                  population). These additional contacts generally involve
                                  visiting in the home.
                                o In addition, a number of child health nurses across the
                                  State are involved in specialist home visiting programs
                                  such as Best Beginnings.




                                                                                                 8
9. Re-establish the indigenous     o This program has operated since 2005.
   Families Program, which         o The Indigenous Family Program (IFP) worked with 22
   case manages and                  cases (163 people) during January to June 2007.
   coordinates the provision of    o IFP and Strong Families (SF) Coordinators work
   services to extreme risk          collaboratively around referrals and case manage shared
   Indigenous families in the        clients.
   Perth metropolitan area
                                   o Each Intensive Supervision Program (ISP) team has a
                                     Level 6 Aboriginal Team Advisor (ATA) to advise on
                                     cultural adaptations of the MST model. Four ATAs are in
                                     continuous employment within ISP.
                                   o 50% of ISP referrals are Aboriginal.
                                   o There is ongoing cultural training of ISP staff.
10. Improve access to              o Child and community health resources are reviewed and
    information and services for     republished on a regular basis.
    parents to support them in     o A wide range of community health resources have been
    their challenging task of        produced by Child and Community Health since 2006.
    bringing-up healthy, happy       These health resources are available for use by Area
    and confident children and       Health Services throughout the State.
    young people                   o These resources are primarily used by parents, especially
                                     parents of young children and babies, and health
                                     professionals such as GPs and community health nurses.
                                   o The range of resources includes brochures, posters and
                                     information sheets and cover topics such as baby/child
                                     developmental stages, child safety and women's health.
                                   o Child and Community Health Services Statewide offer a
                                     range of services for families with children and young
                                     people. Services include parenting groups for families with
                                     babies 0-3 months, toddler parenting groups and Positive
                                     Parenting Program groups




                                                                                                   9
11. Continue to improve the          o The school retention rate from year 8 to year 11 increased
    education levels for „at risk‟      from a 2001-2005 average of 86.7%, to 91.0% in 2007.
    students, with a particular         Notices of Arrangements have further improved this to
    focus on programs aimed at          achieve a participation rate of 98.2% in 2007.
    improving school retention       Education levels for at-risk students are continuing to
    rates and managing               improve, supported by a range of programs, including:
    disruptive student behaviour     1. Behaviour Centres
                                     o In June 2007 the Minister for Education and Training
                                        announced a trial of behaviour centres across the state to
                                        address the issue of violent and disruptive students.
                                     o The model currently involves a combination of direct
                                        support to students in their schools through the use of
                                        teachers and education assistants to implement behaviour
                                        plans, the withdrawal of a small number of students with
                                        extreme needs from classes and the provision of
                                        professional development to staff.
                                     o Three secondary centres commenced working with
                                        students in Term 4, 2007 and will continue the pilot until
                                        the end of 2008. The pilot is being externally evaluated.
                                     2. Bullying Prevention and Management
                                     o A state-wide bullying prevention and management strategy
                                        will be implemented in 2008. This will provide schools with
                                        quality professional learning in this area and additional
                                        resources to support preventative approaches.
                                     3. School Psychology Service
                                     o In 2008 four specialist psychologists will be introduced to
                                        assist schools with the most complex behaviour cases,
                                        consult with schools on the development of effective
                                        school discipline systems and provide training and support
                                        for other school psychologists in their work in student
                                        behaviour. The first phase of a comprehensive
                                        professional learning program to upgrade the expertise of
                                        the school psychologists particularly in the area of student
                                        behaviour management will commence in 2008.

                                                                                        (Continued)




                                                                                                       10
4. School Attendance Strategy
o The Minister for Education and Training announced the
   introduction of the Attendance Strategy in 2006. A key
   component of this strategy is the annual state-wide audit of
   attendance in every school. The audit enables schools to
   understand attendance trends at the whole, year and
   individual school level. Schools are required to use this
   information to set attendance improvement targets which
   are evaluated each year.
o A public awareness campaign to promote school
   attendance accompanied the roll-out of the strategy. The
   campaign targeted parents/ carers and community to
   increase understanding of the importance of regular
   attendance.




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    2004 STRATEGY COMMITMENT                                  STATUS                             ARE THERE GAPS?   WHAT COULD A RENEWED
                                                                                                                   STATE STRATEGY DO TO
                                                                                                                    ADDRESS THE GAPS?

                                       Goal 2: Strengthening Communities & Revitalising Neighbourhoods
1. Develop partnerships with Local     o 127 (of a potential 142 local Governments) have
   Governments to develop and             already signed partnership agreements with the
   implement local Community Safety       State.
   and Crime Prevention Plans          o Local Plans are now being developed and/ or
                                          implemented by local governments.
                                       o 80 plans have been formally endorsed.
                                       Note - The Australian Institute of Criminology have
                                       independently evaluated the partnerships process.
                                       This is the subject of community feedback paper # 2 –
                                       partnerships.
2. Provide grants and agency           o The Office of Crime Prevention‟s Community
   support to Local Governments to       Safety and Crime Prevention Partnership Fund
   ensure the success of local plans     commenced in October 2003 and by July 2007,
                                         $10,433,460 had been expended on 748 grants
                                         from nine funds.
                                       o Local Government Partnership Fund grants
                                         continue to be provided for every LGA that signs a
                                         CSCP partnership agreement. Annual funding of
                                         $1,200 is also provided to all LGA partners to assist
                                         with ongoing community safety and crime
                                         prevention planning and administration.
                                       o Incentive grants ($20,000) are provided to all LGAs
                                         to enable them to carry out projects identified as
                                         priorities in their endorsed Community Safety and
                                         Crime Prevention (CSCP) plans.




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3. Continue to develop and support     o A vast range of local community initiatives are
   community participation in crime      being progressed through the CSCP Partnership
   prevention through programs like      plans.
   Neighbourhood Watch, Operation      o State programs such as the Burglar Beware,
   4, Burglary Countdown, HYPE and       Neighbourhood Watch and Eyes on the Street
   other local initiatives               programs are continuing to have an effect on
                                         reducing crime rates through active local
                                         community participation.
                                       o The Community Safety and Crime Prevention
                                         Council was established in 2005 to ensure ongoing
                                         community input.
4. Continue to develop the Office of   o The OCP Website is monitored and updated on a
   Crime Prevention website to           regular basis.
   provide community safety and
   crime prevention information
5. Undertake work with Indigenous      The OCP works jointly with key agencies in ensuring
   communities to develop and          an alignment between indigenous and local and state
   implement culturally sensitive      crime prevention specific planning and service
   programs to improve community       delivery. A range of such initiatives are in place,
   safety and prevent crime in         including:
   Indigenous communities                    State Indigenous Strategy
                                             Aboriginal Justice Agreements
                                             National Law and Order bilateral agreement
                                             Gordon Inquiry implementation
                                             Kimberley strategies
6. Provide Indigenous Partnership      o Since commencement in October 2003, the
   Grants to encourage local             Indigenous Partnership Fund has funded 45
   initiatives in Indigenous             projects at a total value of $1.4M.
   communities                         o In addition to this, 25 projects have been funded
                                         from other OCP administered grants funds, to a
                                         value of $591,000.
                                       o Funding continues to be provided on an application
                                         basis.




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7. Employ place management               o Local Community safety and Crime prevention
   approaches to counter high levels        partnership agreements ensure local responses to
   of dysfunction in particular             local issues.
   locations                             The Gordon Strategy Place management program,
                                         commenced in 2004, is currently in abeyance awaiting
                                         outcome of the DIA Structural review.
                                         o A Northbridge Coordinator was appointed in 2006
                                            through joint funding of the Office of Crime
                                            Prevention and the City of Perth.
8. Establish authorities such as the     o Current Redevelopment Authorities include:
   East Perth, Midland and Armadale          East Perth
   Redevelopment Authorities to              Midland
   rejuvenate and rehabilitate run
   down areas                                   Armadale
                                                Subiaco
9. Continue the Department of            o Renewal projects have been completed in the
   Housing and Works successful            communities of Armadale, Lockridge, Karawara,
   New Living Program to revitalise        Langford and Kwinana under the New Living
   communities                             Program.
                                         o There are currently nine urban renewal projects
                                           underway in the Perth metropolitan area and 11 in
                                           country areas.
10. Support communities to build their   o 127 Community Safety and Crime Prevention
    capacity to plan and manage              Partnership Agreements with Local Government
    issues like community safety             Areas have been signed since 2004.
                                         o The OCP have supported local Government in the
                                             development and delivery of local crime prevention
                                             plans.
                                         Note: The AIC have recently completed an evaluation
                                         of the partnerships, including review of the support
                                         offered through the OCP, which noted positive
                                         outcomes. This issue is discussed in greater detail in
                                         Community Feedback paper #2 – Partnerships.




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    2004 STRATEGY COMMITMENT                                   STATUS                           ARE THERE GAPS?   WHAT COULD A RENEWED
                                                                                                                  STATE STRATEGY DO TO
                                                                                                                   ADDRESS THE GAPS?

                                                              Goal 3: Targeting Priority Offences
1. Target crime reduction strategies     The Strategy draws on a range of data sources to
   at priority crimes as identified in   identify priority crimes. These include:
   regular state-wide needs analysis     o community surveys at state and local levels;
   and surveys                           o crime profiles for all local government areas;
                                         o State crime trend analysis; hot spot mapping
                                            through programs such as Burglar Beware and
                                            Eyes on the Street Programs; and
                                         o Secondary data sources such as ABS „Victims of
                                            Crime‟ and „General Community Safety‟ surveys.
2. Use visible police patrols,           o Front-Line First has produced good results for the
   problem-oriented policing at crime      WA Police. There has been a significant
   hot spots, and intelligence-led         improvement in performance and noticeable
   policing                                increase in police presence on the streets.
                                         o Intelligence-led approaches are standard practice
                                           in operational planning and delivery.
                                         o Clearance rates for nearly all offences have
                                           increased.
                                         o New, dedicated mobile policing units were created
                                           and now patrol our streets to tackle antisocial
                                           behaviour and enforce traffic legislation




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3. Provide local crime profiles to      o Crime Profiles were prepared annually by the
   assist communities to target their     Crime Research Centre, with 2003, 2004 and 2005
   efforts to improve community           profiles published.
   safety and prevent crime             o The Australian Bureau of Statistics are now
                                          compiling 2005-2007 crime profiles of local
                                          government areas, with publication anticipated in
                                          May/ June 2008.
                                        o These crime profiles are used in the compilation of
                                          the community safety and crime prevention
                                          partnership plans for local government areas.
4. Develop and implement a Burglary     o Since the implementation of Burglar Beware
   Reduction and Prevention Plan,         strategies in 2003, burglary rates have declined at
   including initiatives such as          one of the fastest rates in Australia and are now
   Operation Burglary Countdown           the lowest they have been in 15 years.
5. Develop and implement a              o The OCP prepared and released for public
   Violence Reduction and                 comment the Preventing Violence: The State
   prevention Plan including              Community Violence prevention Strategy 2005: A
   initiatives targeting anti-social      green paper policy framework for development in
   behaviour                              late 2005.
                                        o Since that time, many of the recommendations
                                          made have been delivered, and others responses
                                          are still in development.
                                        o With regards to antisocial behaviour, new actions
                                          specifically target four priority areas as part of the
                                          Preventing Violence framework: public transport
                                          safety; graffiti; hoons; and alcohol related antisocial
                                          behaviour.
6. Conduct media and marketing          o Numerous media and awareness raising
   campaigns, like Burglar Beware         campaigns have been conducted.
   and Dob in a Burglar, to reduce      o OCP now has a dedicated communications
   crime                                  coordinator who coordinates these initiatives.
                                        o In addition, recently the implementation of the
                                          Graffiti strategy has brought about a number of
                                          media campaigns to reduce the incidence of
                                          Graffiti and anti-social behaviour. E.g. the Graffiti
                                          Hotline and the Goodbye graffiti website.




                                                                                                    16
7. Develop and implement a              o Since 2003, there have been 25 projects funded
   research and development               from the Research and Development Grant fund,
   program to meet the needs of the       with a total value of $1,307,000.
   Community Safety and Crime           o All completed papers are published to the OCP
   Prevention Strategy                    website.
                                        o Funding will continue to be provided for research
                                          and development projects that are in line with the
                                          Community Safety and Crime Prevention Strategy
8. Collect and analyse relevant         o Annual Crime Profiles and 2005 and 2007 editions
   community safety and crime             of „Turning the Corner: Recent Trends in Crime‟
   prevention data and information to     publications have been prepared and published to
   identify emerging crime trends         the OCP website.
9. Implement a State Alcohol Plan to    o The Drug and Alcohol Office developed and
   tackle the effects of hazardous        launched a three-year State Alcohol Plan in 2006.
   and harmful alcohol use              o Many of the agency specific actions within the
                                          State Alcohol Plan have been initiated and
                                          managed via the Senior Officers Group.
                                        o The State Alcohol Plan will be reviewed mid 2008.




                                                                                               17
         2004 STRATEGY                                     STATUS                              ARE THERE GAPS?      WHAT COULD A
          COMMITMENT                                                                                               RENEWED STATE
                                                                                                                   STRATEGY DO TO
                                                                                                                 ADDRESS THE GAPS?

                                                           Goal 4: Reducing Repeat Offending
1. Extend the use of DNA and       o Path West, who handle DNA analysis for WA Police,
   other forensic technology to      have increased resources to cope with the increase in
   catch repeat offenders when       DNA requests.
   they commit crimes              o This has included increasing staff from approximately
                                     30 to the present 88 and increasing automated robotics
                                     from one machine to six.
2. Expand the range of             Juvenile Justice Teams:
   diversionary programs such as   o Increased by 2 extra Coordinators in metro area,
   Juvenile Justice Teams          o One extra Aboriginal Coordinator.
                                   Community Conferencing:
                                   Regional Community Conferencing provide for
                                   diversionary services in remote Aboriginal Communities.
                                   o Four Regional Conferencing Coordinators (Aboriginal
                                      Officers) are in place in the Kimberley‟s, Pilbara,
                                      Goldfields and Mid West, working closely with remote
                                      communities.
                                   o RCCCs also provide ongoing support for community
                                      representatives regarding Community Conferencing.
3. Improve the supervision of      o A trial of technology that tracks and broadcasts the
   offenders under community-        location of offenders in „real time‟ and immediately
   based orders using technology     report breaches of „inclusion and exclusion zones was
   such as bracelets and Global      conducted, but did not meet expectations.
   Positioning System monitoring   o There is currently no active consideration for such
                                     technologies in respect to Offender Management.




                                                                                                                            18
4. Continue to explore the         o The Rehabilitation Programs and Interventions Project
   implementation of effective       has progressed to the establishment of a new
   rehabilitation programs for       structure, including the co-location of prison and
   prisoners                         community programs services within the one
                                     Directorate (Offender Management and Professional
                                     Development).
                                   o A Clinical Governance Framework is reinforced by the
                                     establishment of a target for engagement of offenders
                                     with high risk and high needs profiles. This is
                                     consistent with “What Works” literature.
                                   o The existing Prison to Parole Program (PPP) is
                                     continuing to be rolled out.
                                   o A prisoner employment program policy has been
                                     developed in consultation with stakeholders and is
                                     being prepared for endorsement. Policies and
                                     procedures for implementing employment placements
                                     post-release are being developed.
                                   o Nine employment Coordinator positions have been
                                     recruited.
                                   o Employment expos are being held to market offenders
                                     who are already being trained to employers and
                                     industry groups
                                   o A literacy peer tutoring program was introduced in July
                                     2007: 9 coordinators, 13 peer tutors trained - available
                                     at Casuarina, Hakea, Karnet and Bunbury.
                                   o New policy and procedures to assist prisons to
                                     maintain peer tutoring program
5. Tackle motor vehicle theft      o The WA U-Turn project was commenced as a one year
   through preventative programs     pilot in January 2006, alongside pilots in other
   like U-Turn                       jurisdictions, and has continued through Mission
                                     Australia.
                                   o The State is an active participant in delivery of the
                                     National Motor Vehicle Theft Reduction Strategy.
                                   o WA enjoys one of the lowest rates of motor vehicle
                                     theft in Australia.




                                                                                                19
6. Develop and implement more       o The rate of recidivism for offenders assisted is under
   effective programs (including      half that of those not assisted.
   work camps) to manage the        o The capacity of re-entry programs was doubled in
   re-entry of offenders into the     2007/08.
   community                        o The allocation of additional funding across the range of
                                      support services has been finalised and is now
                                      underway. This includes:
                                        3 new Head Office staff positions to support the
                                            expanded delivery of Re-entry services; and
                                        11 Transitional Manager positions which will sit in
                                            prisons across the State;
                                        The number of offenders assisted with re-entry
                                            services should almost double, from just over
                                            1000 to 2000 in the first year.
                                        Work camps have been fully implemented and
                                            expansion of capacity is planned.
                                        Vacancy rates have been reduced through
                                            changing eligibility criteria and introducing some
                                            incentives for prisoners
7. Ensure the consideration of      The Juvenile Justice Community Funding Program (CFP)
   the siblings, families and       targets young people between the ages of 10 and 18
   children and detainees and       years, who have either offended or at risk of offending,
   prisoners in reducing            with the aim of reducing the level of offending behaviour
   intergenerational involvement    in the community.
   in crime                         o Currently 20 agencies are funded through the program.
                                        Agencies funded under the CFP are a mix of small
                                        locally managed agencies, Council sponsored services
                                        and programs within large non-government agencies.
                                    o Ongoing support from Primary Crime Prevention
                                        Funding program for community groups to focus
                                        preventative crime prevention programs for family
                                        units.



                                                                                  (Continued)




                                                                                                 20
Killara is an outreach support service for young people
and their families who are having problems which are
attracting, or may attract, attention of the police and the
law.
o Killara currently employees 13 Juvenile Justice
    Officers, including 2 Aboriginal staff. Regular service
    reports have indicated reductions in problem
    behaviours, substance abuse and truancy of clients,
    and improvements to the wellbeing and relationship
    within the family unit.
o Two regional services following the Killara model are
    commencing in the near future in the Mid West, and
    Goldfields.




                                                              21
         2004 STRATEGY                                      STATUS                                ARE THERE GAPS?     WHAT COULD A
          COMMITMENT                                                                                                 RENEWED STATE
                                                                                                                      STRATEGY DO TO
                                                                                                                    ADDRESS THE GAPS?

                                                  Goal 5: Designing Out Crime And Using Technology
1. Establish a $2 million Crime    o The Designing Safer Communities Fund was
   Prevention through                established in 2004 to provide funding for CPTED
   Environmental Design              projects.
   (CPTED) Fund                    o 30 grants have been provided to a range of CPTED
                                     projects including improving street lighting, installation
                                     of CCTV, graffiti removal and recording and community
                                     safety audits.
                                   o A further and final round of funding has been
                                     progressed in 2008.
                                   o The original $2m allocation has been fully expended. In
                                     the future, Designing Safer Communities Fund will be
                                     replaced by two new funds, the Public Access Ways
                                     grant fund, and the Graffiti Reduction grant fund.
2. Use CPTED principles as a       o A pilot Industrial Burglary program was established but
   major component in a new          not implemented. The pilot was coordinated by the
   industrial Burglary Reduction     Office of Crime Prevention and run in Welshpool
   Project in Welshpool, Kewdale     however after a few months it became impossible to
   and Carlisle                      gain support from local business and the pilot was
                                     scrapped.
3. Introduce and promote           o The DOC Strategy was launched in Oct 2007 and
   minimum security                  contains further recommendations relating to minimum
   requirements for residential      security standards. This is now a work in progress.
   and commercial premises




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4. Develop a State policy that       o The Designing Out Crime Strategy was launched in
   requires crime prevention to        Oct 2007 and includes a number of initiatives to ensure
   be considered in planning of        integration of CPTED principles in planning approvals.
   public and private building and   o Many local Councils and private developers have
   spaces                              adopted CPTED guidelines (released in 2006) in the
                                       approvals process.
                                     o The OCP is currently working with Department of
                                       Planning to integrate DOC within planning processes.
5. Use Global positioning            Global information systems enable the capture, storage
   Systems and Geographic            and analysis of spatial and spatially related crime
   Information Systems to            information.
   monitor and respond to crime      o The WA Police have a long established GIS unit which
                                        works collaboratively with police operations to monitor
                                        and respond to crime.
                                     o In 2007, this was enhanced through commencement
                                        of a joint project with the Office of Crime Prevention to
                                        map crime prevention information such as Community
                                        Safety and Crime Prevention (CSCP) partnerships,
                                        grant funding, OCP projects, and crime profiles.
                                     o This information will be used for the development of
                                        crime reduction and prevention strategies, and to
                                        report on the effectiveness of crime reduction and
                                        prevention activities.
6. Appropriate use of video          o OCP has worked extensively with CCTV proponents to
   surveillance technology             ensure systems are established in a strategic manner.
                                     o While many local communities have established CCTV
                                       networks, the benefit of these systems to crime
                                       prevention efforts remains inconclusive.
                                     o OCP has also trialled the use of mobile CCTV units
                                       and has purchased twelve of these units for use by
                                       LGA‟s across the state.




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7. Collect and analyse data to      o A range of initiatives have been commenced and are
   identify and map the time,         underway through both WA Police and OCP, including
   place and physical                 for example the Alcohol Related crime project (2005);
   environment of crime incidents     the Eyes on the Street program; and the Geographical
                                      Information Systems project.

                                                          Thank you for your time and consideration.



                          Please return this form to the Office of Crime Prevention via email to gerard.daniells@ocp.wa.gov.au
                                                                 or by fax: (08) 9222 8705

                                                               by COB, Friday 1 August 2008




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