Act WorkKeys_ Locating Information

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					               Act WorkKeys: Locating Information

     From: http://www.act.org/workkeys/assess/locate/index.html

Locating Information

A recent survey found that 22.1% of hourly employees had an inability
to read and translate drawings, diagrams, and flow charts. Locating
information has added a fourth "R"—retrieval skills—to the original 3Rs
of reading, writing, and arithmetic. The skill people use when they
locate, synthesize, and use information from workplace graphics such
as charts, graphs, tables, forms, flowcharts, diagrams, floor plans,
maps, and instrument gauges is a basic skill required in today's
workforce.

The WorkKeys Locating Information test measures the skill people use
when they work with workplace graphics. Examinees are asked to find
information in a graphic or insert information into a graphic. They also
must compare, summarize, and analyze information found in related
graphics.
Characteristics/Skills

Level       Characteristics of Items                            Skills
                   Elementary workplace graphics such as 
  3
                                                                        Find one or two pieces of
              simple order forms, bar graphs, tables,             information in a graphic
              flowcharts, maps, instrument gauges, or floor            Fill in one or two pieces
  View        plans                                               of information that are missing
 sample            One graphic used at a time                    from a graphic
  item

Level       Characteristics of Items                            Skills
                  Straightforward workplace graphics such 
  4
                                                                        Find several pieces of
              as basic order forms, diagrams, line graphs,        information in one or two
              tables, flowcharts, instrument gauges, or           graphics
  View        maps                                                     Understand how graphics
 sample           One or two graphics are used at a time         are related to each other
  item                                                                 Summarize information
                                                                  from one or two
                                                                  straightforward graphics
                                                                       Identify trends shown in
                                                                  one or two straightforward
                                                                  graphics
                                                                       Compare information and
                                                                  trends shown in one or two
                                                                  straightforward graphics


Level       Characteristics of Items                            Skills
                   Complicated workplace graphics, such as 
  5
                                                                       Sort through distracting
              detailed forms, tables, graphs, diagrams,           information
              maps, or instrument gauges                              Summarize information
  View             Graphics may have less common formats         from one or more detailed
 sample            One or more graphics are used at a time       graphics
  item                                                                Identify trends shown in
                                                                  one or more detailed or
                                                                  complicated graphics
                                                                      Compare information and
                                                                  trends from one or more
                                                                  complicated graphics


Level       Characteristics of Items                            Skills
                                                          
  6
                   Very complicated and detailed graphs,               Draw conclusions based
              charts, tables, forms, maps, and diagrams           on one complicated graphic or
                  Graphics contain large amounts of              several related graphics
  View        information and may have challenging formats            Apply information from
 sample           One or more graphics are used at a time        one or more complicated
  item            Connections between graphics may be            graphics to specific situations
              subtle                                                  Use the information to
                                                                  make decisions
    Level 3 Locating Information

    Sample Item

    You regularly check the pressure gauge on a large tank. According to the gauge shown, what
    is the current pressure (in PSI)?

       A.  30
       B.  35
       C.  40
       D.  45
       E. 100




    Why this is a Level 3 item:
          The problem contains an elementary workplace graphic.
          Examinees find one piece of information.
    Level 4 Locating Information

    Sample Item

    You must sort clothes in a dry cleaning establishment according to the customer's instructions.
    According to the form shown, how should this customer's shirt be treated?

       A.   Dryclean it, add light starch, and fold it.
       B.   Dryclean it, add light starch, and place it on a hanger.
       C.   Launder it with no starch and place it on a hanger.
       D.   Launder it with light starch and place it on a hanger.
       E.   Launder it with medium starch and fold it.




    Why this is a Level 4 item:
           The problem contains a straightforward graphic.
           Examinees must summarize information.
    Level 5 Locating Information

    Sample Item
    You are a line supervisor at a plant that packages dishwashing soap in bottles. Each week you
    review the production rates for the three teams that work on your line. According to the bar
    chart shown, which team had the highest overall production for Week 38?

       A.     Team   A
       B.     Team   B
       C.     Team   C
       D.     Team   A and Team B had the same high production rate.
       E.     Team   B and Team C had the same high production rate.




    Why this is a Level 5 item:
             The problem contains a complicated graphic, including data for three teams and five
      days.
             Examinees must compare information and trends.
             Examinees must summarize information and find the highest overall production.
Level 6 Locating Information

Sample Item
You are a road contractor and you have analyzed a soil that you want to use for road fill. Your
analysis shows that the soil contains 15% sand, 65% silt, and 20% clay. You need to know
what the shrink-swell potential is for the soil because it will affect the durability of the road.
Based on the diagram and table shown, what is the shrink-swell potential at a 30-inch depth
for this soil?

    A.   Low
    B.   Low to moderate
    C.   Moderate
    D.   Moderate to high
    E.   High




Soil name        Texture class           Depth (inches)          Shrink-swell potential

                                                 0-7            low
Sarpy          sandy loam
                                                 7-60           low to moderate
                                                 0-38           moderate
Kennebec       silt loam
                                                38-60           low to moderate
                                                 0-31           high
Colo           silty clay loam
                                                31-60           high
                                                0-17          high
Blend           silty clay                     17-29          moderate to high
                                               29-60          high
                                                0-28          moderate to high
Nevin           clay loam                      28-48          moderate
                                               48-60          moderate
                                                0-24          low
Kenmoor         loamy sand
                                               24-60          high



    Why this is a Level 6 item:
        The problem is based on very complicated, detailed graphics in a challenging format.
        Examinees must notice the connections between graphics.
        Examinees must apply the information to a specific situation.
        Examinees must use the information to draw conclusions.
Answer Key: WorkKeys Locating Information

Answer to Level 3 Sample Item

  A. The graduations are by 10s not 20s. Attractive because if graduations were by 20s,
     the pressure would be about 30 (between 20 and 40).
  B. The graduations are by 10s and therefore the major line between 20 and 40 would be
     30. The needle, though, lies between this graduation (30) and 40, so it reads 35 as
     best choice. Correct
  C. Attractive because needle is closer to 40 than 20, but 35 is best choice.
  D. Attractive to those who read 40 and then increase counterclockwise by 5 to get 45.
  E. The needle is to be read using the pointed end. Attractive because the short, wide end
     of the needle points to 100.


Answer to Level 4 Sample Item

  A.   You are to launder the shirt rather than dry clean, and it should not be folded.
  B.   You are to launder the shirt rather than dry clean.
  C.   The shirt should be starched lightly.
  D.   The shirt is to be laundered and then starched (light) and
       on a hanger.     Correct
  E.   The shirt should be starched lightly not medium and it should not be folded.


Answer to Level 5 Sample Item

  A. Team A had the lowest production each day, so it had the lowest, not the highest,
     overall production rate for Week 38.
  B. Team B had the highest production rate on Tuesday, and the same production rate as
     Team C on Friday, but on every other day its production rate was lower than Team C's
     production rate.
  C. Team C and Team B had the same production rate on Friday, and Team C had a lower
     rate on Tuesday. But, Team C had a higher production rate on Monday, Wednesday,
     and Thursday and therefore had the highest overall production rate.   Correct
  D. Team A had a low overall production rate, and while Team B had a good production
     rate, it was not the highest.
  E. Although Team B and Team C had the same production rate on Friday, Team C had a
     significantly higher production rate on Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday. Team B
     had a higher production rate on Tuesday, but Team C had the highest overall
     production rate.



Answer to Level 6 Sample Item

  A. The shrink-swell potential for silt loam is low (to moderate) at range 38-60", but you
     are interested in 30".
  B. The shrink-swell potential for silt loam is low to moderate at range 38-60", but you are
     interested in 30".
  C. The shrink-swell potential for silt loam at 0-38" is moderate, so the shrink-swell
     potential for 30" is moderate. Correct
  D. The shrink-swell potential for silt loam at 30" is moderate, but does not range to high.
  E. The shrink-swell potential for silt loam does not range to high.
Solution
Note: The greatest difficulty with this item is in figuring out how to read the triangular graphic.
Solution:

    1.   Draw a line on the triangular graphic that represents 15% sand.
    2.   Draw a line on the triangular graphic that represents 65% silt.
    3.   Draw a line on the triangular graphic that represents 20% clay.
    4.   Mark the point where the three drawn lines intersect.
    5.   Read the label for the area where the three drawn lines intersected (i.e. silt loam).
    6.   Go to the table and find the row for silt loam.
    7.   Read the shrink-swell potential for silt loam at the specified soil depth of 30".

				
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