App4-1992-2002 by blue123

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                                                               ECONOMIC INDICATORS

                                                                Table A4.1: Population
                                                                      1992–2002




                                                                                                                                                            Appendix 4
                                                                       (million)


Population                                1992      1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998      1999       2000       2001     2002



Cambodia                                   9.00       9.47       9.95     10.47      11.03      11.64      12.19     12.50      12.83      13.15    13.50

Yunnan Province in the PRC                38.32      38.85     39.39      39.90      40.42      40.94      41.44      41.92     42.88      42.87    43.13

Lao PDR                                    4.36       4.47       4.59       4.60      4.71       4.83       4.97       5.09       5.23       5.38    5.53

Myanmar                                   42.33      43.12     43.92      44.74      45.57      46.40      48.16      49.13     50.13      51.14    52.17

Thailand                                  57.29      58.01     58.71      59.40      60.00      60.60      61.20     61.81      62.41      62.91    63.43

Viet Nam                                  68.45      69.65     70.83      72.00      73.16      74.31      75.46     76.60      77.64      78.69    79.73

               TOTAL                    219.76 223.57 227.39 231.11 234.89 238.72 243.41 247.05 251.10 254.13 257.48


PRC = People's Republic of China, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.
             Table A4.2: Land Area and Population Density


Item                                       Land Area             Population
                                        (thousand km2)             Density
                                                               (2002 population
                                                                   per km2)
Cambodia                                       181                    74.59
Yunnan, PRC                                    397                  108.64
Lao PDR                                        237                    23.32
Myanmar                                        677                    77.06
Thailand                                       513                  123.65
Viet Nam                                       332                  240.15
     Total/Average                           2,337                  110.18

PRC = People's Republic of China, km = kilometer, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic
Republic.
Source: Asian Development Bank. 2004. Greater Mekong Subregion Atlas of the
Environment.




                                                                                      Appendix 4
                                                                                         41
                                                                                                                                                            42
                                            Table A4.3: Growth of Real Gross Domestic Product
                                                         (annual percentage change)




                                                                                                                                                            Appendix 4
Country/Province                        1992       1993       1994      1995       1996      1997       1998       1999      2000       2001        2002



Cambodia                                  7.0        4.1       4.0        6.9        4.6       6.8        3.7      10.8        7.0        5.7        5.5
Lao PDR                                   7.0        5.9       8.1        7.0        7.0       6.9        4.0       7.3        5.8        5.8        5.9
Myanmar                                   9.7       6.0        7.5       6.9        6.4        5.7       5.8       10.9       13.7      13.0a        9.7a
Thailand                                  8.1       8.3        9.0       9.2        5.9       (1.4)    (10.5)       4.4        4.6       1.9         5.2
Viet Nam                                  8.7       8.1        8.8       9.5        9.3        8.2       5.8        4.8        6.8       6.9         7.0
Yunnan Province, PRC                     10.9      10.6       11.6      11.2       10.4        9.4       8.0        7.2        7.1       6.5         —


     Average for GMSb                     8.6        8.2       9.0        9.2        7.0       2.5       (2.7)      5.6        6.3        4.8        6.2c

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Taken from Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Statistical Yearbook.
b
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
c
  Weighted average does not include Yunnan Province in 2002, which is not yet available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.
                                                              Table A4.4: Per Capita GDP
                                                                    (PPP US dollars)



Country/Province                            1992       1993      1994       1995      1996       1997       1998      1999       2000      2001       2002



Cambodia                                   1,100      1,129      1,163     1,260      1,328     1,313      1,361      1,486     1,498      1,591     1,649
Lao PDR                                      971      1,020      1,097     1,185      1,248     1,328      1,344      1,428     1,534      1,641     1,678
Myanmar                                       853 b     888b       937b      983b 1,027a        1,066b     1,087b     1,181b    1,316b     1,458b    1,568b
Thailand                                   4,530      4,898      5,395     6,054      6,477     6,352      5,652      5,943     6,316      6,452     6,788
Viet Nam                                   1,141      1,235      1,326     1,451      1,582     1,684      1,744      1,834     1,997      2,103     2,240
Yunnan Province, PRCc                      1,218      1,347      1,410     1,597      1,856     2,002      2,204      2,355     2,479      2,662     2,881


     Average for GMSd                      1,977      2,129      2,304     2,555      2,554     2,778      2,647      2,795     2,982      3,108     3,288


PRC = People's Republic of China, GDP = gross domestic product, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic, PPP =
purchasing power parity, US = United States.
a
  Taken from Alan Heston, Robert Summers and Bettina Aten, Penn World Table Version 6.1, Center for International Comparisons at the University of
  Pennsylvania.
b
  Calculated by applying the growth rate of real GDP per capita.
c
  Calculated by multiplying the ratio of GDP per capita of Yunnan Province to the GDP per capita of the entire PRC by the PPP GDP per capita of the PRC.
d
  Weighted by population (for Yunnan Province, the 2002 population was derived by applying the population growth of the entire PRC in 2002 to the population of
  Yunnan Province in 2001).
Sources: World Bank. 2003. World Development Indicators; Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of
China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.




                                                                                                                                                                  Appendix 4
                                                                                                                                                                  43
                                                                                                                                                     44
                                                     Table A4.5: Government Revenue
                                                             (percent of GDP)




                                                                                                                                                     Appendix 4
Country/Province                           1992       1993      1994      1995      1996     1997     1998      1999     2000      2001      2002



Cambodia                                     5.2       4.4       8.5        7.8      8.3       8.9      8.1     10.0      10.2     11.4        —
Lao PDR                                      —        11.7      11.9       11.4     12.6      10.4      8.9      9.0      12.4     12.6       12.7
Myanmar                                      8.4       7.6       6.8        6.5      6.9       7.8      7.3      4.9       4.2      —          —
Thailand                                    18.1      18.2      18.7       18.6     18.5      17.9     15.5     15.4      15.2     15.1       16.1
Viet Nama                                   19.0      21.7      23.6       23.3     22.9      21.1     20.5     18.8      20.8     21.9       21.2
Yunnan Province, PRC                         —         —          —         8.2       8.7      9.1       9.4      9.3      9.2       9.2       —

     Average for GMSb                       17.0c     17.5d     18.3d      17.1     17.0      16.4     14.7     14.1      14.4     15.6e       —


— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GDP = gross domestic product, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Includes grants; figures for 1998–2002 are from Asian Development Bank, Viet Nam Country Strategy and Program Update, 2004–2006.
b
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
c
  Weighted average does not include the figures for Lao PDR and Yunnan Province, which are not available.
d
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Yunnan Province, which is not available.
e
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Myanmar, which is not yet available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.
                                                      Table A4.6: Government Expenditures
                                                                 (percent of GDP)



Country/Province                           1992       1993      1994       1995      1996      1997       1998      1999       2000      2001       2002



Cambodia                                    8.2        9.1      14.3       15.0      14.6       12.7      13.5      13.9       15.1      16.9        —
Lao PDR                                     —         17.7      23.0       20.4      21.7       18.7      20.0      16.6       18.4      20.2       17.1
Myanmar                                    10.5        9.0       9.3        9.8       9.2        7.9       6.5       5.1        3.5       —          —
Thailand                                   15.6       16.5      16.0       15.4      17.8       19.7      18.2      18.0       17.4      17.7       17.6
Viet Nama                                  21.5       26.4      25.2       24.1      23.6       22.0      22.5      21.2       25.2      25.2       24.3
Yunnan Province, PRC                         —         —          —        19.5      18.1       19.0      18.3      20.4       21.2      23.9        —

     Average for GMSb                      16.1c      17.6d     17.3d      17.0      18.2       19.0      18.0      17.8       18.3      18.5e       —


— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GDP = gross domestic product, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Figures for 1998–2002 are from Asian Development Bank, Viet Nam Country Strategy and Program Update, 2004–2006.
b
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
c
  Weighted average does not include the figures for Lao PDR and Yunnan Province, which are not available.
d
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Yunnan Province, which is not available.
e
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Myanmar, which is not yet available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.




                                                                                                                                                           Appendix 4
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                                                                                                                                                            46
                                                     Table A4.7: Government Surplus/Deficit
                                                                 (percent of GDP)




                                                                                                                                                            Appendix 4
Country/Province                           1992       1993      1994       1995      1996      1997       1998      1999       2000      2001       2002


Cambodia                                    (3.0)     (4.8)     (5.8)      (7.3)      (6.3)     (3.8)     (5.4)      (3.9)     (4.9)     (5.5)       —
Lao PDR                                      —        (6.0)    (11.1)      (9.0)      (9.1)     (8.4)    (11.1)      (7.6)     (6.0)     (7.6)      (4.4)
Myanmar                                     (2.1)     (1.4)     (2.5)      (3.2)      (2.2)     (0.1)      0.8       (0.2)      0.7       —          —
Thailand                                     2.4       1.7       2.8        3.2        0.7      (1.8)     (2.7)      (2.6)     (2.2)     (2.6)      (1.4)
Viet Nama                                   (2.4)     (4.6)     (1.6)      (0.8)      (0.7)     (0.8)     (2.0)      (2.4)     (4.4)     (3.3)      (3.1)
Yunnan Province, PRC                         —         —         —        (11.3)      (9.4)     (9.9)     (8.9)     (11.1)    (12.0)    (14.7)       —

     Average for GMSb                        0.9c     (0.1)d      1.1d      0.1       (1.2)     (2.6)      (3.3)     (3.7)     (3.9)      (4.4)e     —

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GDP = gross domestic product, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Figures for 1998–2002 are from Asian Development Bank, Viet Nam Country Strategy and Program Update, 2004–2006.
b
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
c
  Weighted average does not include the figures for Lao PDR and Yunnan Province, which are not available.
d
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Yunnan Province, which is not available.
e
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Myanmar, which is not yet available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.
                                                       Table A4.8: Consumer Price Inflation
                                                            (annual percentage change)


Country/Province                            1992      1993       1994      1995       1996      1997       1998      1999       2000       2001      2002



Cambodia                                    96.1     114.3       (0.4)       7.8       7.2        8.0      14.8       4.0        (0.8)      0.2       3.3
Lao PDR                                      9.9       6.3        6.8       19.6      13.0       27.5      91.0     128.4       25.1        7.8      10.6
Myanmar                                     21.9      31.8       24.1       25.2      16.3       29.7      51.5      18.4       (0.1)      21.1      57.1
Thailand                                     4.2       3.3        5.1        6.1       5.6        5.6       8.1       0.3        1.6        1.6       0.7
Viet Nam                                     —         —          —          —         5.7        3.2       7.8       4.2       (1.6)      (0.4)      3.8
Yunnan Province, PRC                        (1.3)      7.3       21.3       19.2      21.3        8.7       4.3       1.7       (0.3)      (2.1)     (0.9)


     Average for GMSa                        7.9b       9.7b      8.9b       9.7b       8.3       7.6      12.0        4.3        0.7       2.5        6.7

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
   Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
b
   Weighted average does not include the figure for Viet Nam, which is not available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; International Monetary Fund. 2003. International Financial Statistics; and National Bureau
of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.




                                                                                                                                                                 Appendix 4
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                                                                                                                                                           48
                                                          Table A4.9: Broad Money Supply
                                                             (annual percentage change)




                                                                                                                                                           Appendix 4
Country/Province                            1992       1993      1994       1995      1996       1997       1998      1999       2000      2001     2002



Cambodia                                   214.0       34.4      34.9       44.3       40.4      16.6       15.7      17.3       26.9       20.4    31.1
          a
Lao PDR                                     49.0       64.6      31.9       16.4       26.7      65.8     113.3       78.3       46.0       13.7    37.6
Myanmar                                     35.6       26.8      33.9       40.5       38.9      28.9      36.5       29.6       42.2       44.8    34.2
Thailand                                    15.6       18.4      12.9       17.0       12.6      16.4       9.5        2.1        3.7        4.2     2.6
Viet Namb                                    —          —         —         22.6       22.7      26.1       25.6      39.3       39.0       25.5    17.7
Yunnan Province, PRCc                       31.3       37.3      34.5       29.5       25.3      19.6       14.8      12.6       12.6       15.4    19.9

     Average for GMSd                       25.6e      22.7e     18.5e      21.7       18.5      20.1       17.0      14.7       16.7       14.7    12.5

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Figures from 2000 to 2002 are from the International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, CD-ROM, August 2003.
b
  Figures from 2000 to 2002 are from Asian Development Bank, Viet Nam Country Strategy and Program Update 2004–2006.
c
  Refers to growth of broad money supply for entire PRC.
d
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
e
  Weighted average does not include the figure for Viet Nam, which is not available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.
                                                             Table A4.10: Openness Ratiosa
                                                                    (percent of GDP)



Country/Province                             1992       1993       1994       1995       1996      1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002



Cambodia                                     30.0       30.4       45.0       60.3       49.9       58.0       64.3      72.7       92.6       96.3     101.8
Lao PDR                                      29.8       44.6       46.0       43.2       47.5       44.0       62.5      51.3       45.3       43.2      40.9
Myanmarb                                      3.6        3.4        2.9        2.5        2.2        1.9        1.5       1.2        1.1        1.0       —
Thailand                                     61.3       61.7       64.2       70.9       65.1       74.2       80.0      81.2      101.2      102.1      98.1
Viet Nam                                     50.8       49.4       57.1       61.4       70.1       73.1       72.4      77.1       91.5       90.5     103.9
Yunnan Province, PRC                          9.1        8.7       14.9       16.0       12.3        8.2        7.3       7.7        8.0        8.6       —

     Average for GMSc                        48.0       48.1       52.3       57.7       54.8       59.8       61.2      62.6       76.3       75.8       99.0d


— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GDP = gross domestic product, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Defined as the ratio of total trade to gross domestic product at current market price. For most countries, exports and imports in US dollar terms were taken from
  the balance of payments statistics, and converted to local currency using the average nominal exchange rate.
b
  Ratio of total trade in kyats (local currency) to gross domestic product at current market price.
c
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
d
  Weighted average does not include the figures for Myanmar and Yunnan Province, which are not yet available.
Sources: Asian Development Bank. 2003. Key Indicators. Manila: ADB; and National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2003. China Statistical Yearbook.




                                                                                                                                                                      Appendix 4
                                                                                                                                                                      49
                                            Table A4.11: Share of Intraregional Trade to Total Tradea




                                                                                                                                                     50
                                                          (percentage of total trade)




                                                                                                                                                     Appendix 4
Country/Province                             1992       1993      1994       1995       1996       1997      1998        1999   2000   2001   2002



Cambodia                                     20.1       34.5       39.0      36.4       33.6       40.0       31.5       22.0   19.5   27.3   24.5
Lao PDR                                      63.3       48.9       55.8      57.3       61.1       66.8       65.7       70.6   65.5   68.6   67.8
Myanmar                                      23.4       23.6       22.8      24.1       18.1       17.5       18.5       27.6   28.9   34.0   35.6
Thailand                                      2.8        2.5        3.4       4.0        4.0        4.6        5.3        6.0    6.8    7.7    8.9
Viet Nam                                      4.7        8.0        9.9      10.4        7.9        8.9       10.9       11.9   14.9   14.6   13.9
Yunnan Province, PRCb                         1.2        1.2        1.3       1.9        1.7        1.8        1.7        1.7    2.1    2.1    1.9

     Average for GMSc                         5.7        6.2        7.2        7.6        6.7       7.4        8.3        9.5   10.7   12.0   12.6

PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
a
  Ratio of total trade with GMS countries ( total trade with entire PRC was used) to total trade with the world.
b
  Ratio of total trade of the entire PRC with the other GMS countries to total trade of the entire PRC with the world.
c
  Weighted average based on purchasing power parity gross national income shares.
Source: International Monetary Fund. 2003. Direction of Trade Statistics.
                                 Table A4.12: Directions of Exports of the Countries of the Greater Mekong Subregion
                                                                        ($ million)

                                                                                                                                                                   Compound
                                                                                                                                                                    Annual
From            To        1990       1991       1992       1993      1994       1995      1996      1997      1998      1999      2000      2001        2002
                                                                                                                                                                    Growth
                                                                                                                                                                  (1992–2002)
Cambodia    PRC               0.2        0.4        0.2        1.1       0.9        5.2       6.3     45.6      42.2        8.9     23.8      16.7         17.7      59.8%
            Lao PDR          —          —          —           2.7       2.4        2.5       2.7       0.0      —          0.3       3.1       0.8         0.9        —
            Myanmar          —          —          —          —         —          —         —         —          0.0       0.2      —         —           —           —
            Thailand          8.6      10.5       84.7       94.9     114.7      146.0      43.4     131.5      77.0      18.5      22.9        7.6         9.6     (19.6%)
            Viet Nam          7.0        4.7        6.1        6.9      16.1      21.4      16.2     156.9     175.9     106.8      19.4      24.5         26.6      15.9%
            Total            15.7      15.7       90.9      105.7     134.1      175.2      68.6     334.0     295.1     134.7      69.2      49.6         54.7      (5.0%)
            World            41.7      57.4      165.3      267.3     243.1      357.3     292.9     625.8     933.5    1,040.0   1,122.6   1,295.8     1,697.7      26.2%
PRC         Cambodia          3.0        2.2      12.8       20.3       35.3      51.6      63.4      75.6     113.5     104.3     164.1     205.6        231.5      33.6%
            Lao PDR          14.5      11.2       27.8       37.1       36.0      47.8      23.5      22.9      17.8      22.2      34.4      54.4         65.0       8.8%
            Myanmar         277.3     286.2      259.0      324.7     369.1      617.8     521.1     569.7     532.9     406.6     496.4     497.3        569.1       8.2%
            Thailand        854.4     847.8      894.5      750.1    1,159.5    1,752.3   1,259.2   1,502.0   1,169.7   1,435.7   2,243.4   2,337.4     4,002.1      16.2%
            Viet Nam          1.7      21.4      106.3      276.7     341.7      721.7     842.2    1,078.5   1,023.8    963.9    1,537.3   1,804.5     1,871.0      33.2%
            Total         1,150.9    1,168.7    1,300.4    1,408.9   1,941.5    3,191.3   2,709.4   3,248.9   2,857.8   2,932.6   4,475.6   4,899.3     6,738.6      17.9%
            World        62,759.8   71,965.9   85,620.1   91,692.8 120,865.0 148,955.0 151,165.0 182,917.0 183,744.0 194,931.0 249,195.0 266,140.0 371,423.0         15.8%
Lao PDR     Cambodia         —          —          —          —         —          —         —         —         —         —          0.0       0.0         0.0        —
            PRC               5.9        2.0        3.4      25.5        8.1        8.8       0.8       0.3       7.2       8.7       5.8       6.8         8.1       9.2%
            Myanmar          —          —          —          —         —          —         —         —         —         —         —         —           —           —
            Thailand         40.3      42.7       37.3       74.8       77.2      83.3      96.7      34.3      28.8      51.6      68.9      81.0         85.0       8.6%
            Viet Nam          3.6        3.0        7.0      23.1       81.2      87.7     157.6        0.2    119.5     179.4      96.1     106.1        115.0      32.4%
            Total            49.7      47.8       47.6      123.4     166.5      179.8     255.1      34.8     155.5     239.7     170.9     193.9        208.1      15.9%
            World            64.4      82.1      103.5      240.5     300.4      311.2     320.7     192.1     370.8     462.5     392.1     422.3        443.2      15.7%

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.

                                                                                                                                                      Continued on next page




                                                                                                                                                                                51
                                                                                                                                                                                     52
                                                                        Table A4.12—Continued
                                                                               ($ million)




                                                                                                                                                                                     Appendix 4
                                                                                                                                                                        Compound
                                                                                                                                                                          annual
From           To        1990       1991       1992       1993       1994       1995       1996       1997       1998       1999       2000       2001       2002
                                                                                                                                                                         growth
                                                                                                                                                                       (1992–2002)
Myanmar    Cambodia         —          —          —          —          —          —          —           0.1       —           0.0        0.1        0.1        0.1      —
           PRC             33.3       96.3      119.3      149.7      129.8      136.0      125.0       66.7       56.0        92.3     113.5      122.0      130.2       0.9%
           Lao PDR          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —          —         —
           Thailand        48.9        —          —          —         28.8       36.5        —          —          —        102.6      233.0      735.4      831.2       —
           Viet Nam          0.6       —          —          —          —          —           0.5        1.3        1.3        1.1        3.3        3.6        3.9      —
           Total           82.8       96.3      119.3      149.7      158.6      172.5      125.5        68.1       57.4     196.0      349.8      861.1      965.3      23.3%
           World          408.7      527.0      683.6      864.4      939.8     1,197.9    1,183.1    1,132.1    1,138.6    1,393.3    1,995.5    2,644.0    2,622.0     14.4%
Thailand   Cambodia          0.8        4.6      65.8      179.3      260.3      334.1      362.6      311.5      301.7      354.0      347.4      466.6      515.5      22.9%
           PRC            268.7      335.2      385.8      429.7      929.8     1,642.2    1,868.3    1,743.7    1,769.3    1,861.3    2,806.2    2,862.7    3,552.9     24.9%
           Lao PDR         65.8       76.7      121.0      175.0      291.5      354.4      363.8      378.4      373.9      410.9      381.0      410.6      403.6      12.8%
           Myanmar         41.9         3.8       —          —          —          —          —          —          —        395.7      504.2      355.0      323.5       —
           Viet Nam        18.2       22.2       76.7      115.7      254.1      468.2      478.2      539.6      592.7      572.5      837.6      797.1      947.3      28.6%
           Total          395.4      442.5      649.2      899.8     1,735.7    2,798.8    3,073.0    2,973.2    3,037.6    3,594.4    4,876.3    4,892.1    5,742.8     24.4%
           World        23,071.6   28,811.4   32,472.5   37,157.7   45,582.7   57,200.5   55,743.2   57,559.7   54,489.3   58,495.0   68,961.3   65,111.5   68,850.6      7.8%
Viet Nam   Cambodia          9.1        6.3        6.4      96.2       77.3       94.6       99.0      108.9        75.2       90.2     141.6        99.6     108.0      32.6%
           PRC               7.8      19.3       95.6      135.8      295.7      361.9      340.2      474.1      440.1      746.4     1,536.4     918.9      918.4      25.4%
           Lao PDR         16.0         3.6      16.0        14.4      20.9       20.6       24.9        30.4       73.4     165.3       70.7        78.0       84.7     18.1%
           Myanmar          —          —          —          —          —           0.1        0.7        1.9        1.5        1.5        5.7        6.3        6.8      —
           Thailand        52.3       57.7       71.5       71.8       97.6      101.3      107.4      235.3      295.4      312.7      372.3      297.3      218.6      11.8%
           Total           85.2       86.9      189.6      318.2      491.5      578.5      572.2      850.7      885.6     1,316.1    2,126.6    1,399.9    1,336.5     21.6%
           World         2,524.6    2,188.9    2,917.7    2,985.2    4,054.3    5,621.4    7,463.2    9,484.3    9,306.8   11,541.3   14,481.7   13,562.3   15,122.9     17.9%

Total Exports – GMS      1,779.9    1,857.9    2,397.1    3,005.7    4,627.9    7,096.1    6,803.9    7,509.6    7,288.9    8,413.5   12,068.4   12,295.9   15,046.1     20.2%

Total Exports – World   88,870.9 103,632.6 121,962.7 133,207.8 171,985.3 213,643.3 216,168.1 251,911.0 249,983.0 267,863.2 336,148.2 349,175.9 460,159.4                 14.2%
— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Source: International Monetary Fund.
                                Table A4.13: Direction of Imports of the Countries of the Greater Mekong Subregion
                                                                      ($ million)

                                                                                                                                                                                   Compound
                                                                                                                                                                                     annual
To            From       1990        1991       1992        1993      1994       1995        1996         1997       1998       1999       2000        2001           2002
                                                                                                                                                                                    growth
                                                                                                                                                                                  (1992–2002)
Cambodia PRC                  3.3         2.4      14.0       22.4        38.8       56.8         69.7      56.6       95.7       85.9      112.9           86.9        139.6       25.8%
            Lao PDR       —           —           —         —         —          —            —                0.1    —          —              0.0           0.0           0.0       —
            Myanmar       —           —           —         —         —          —            —                0.2    —              0.1        0.1           0.1           0.1       —
            Thailand          0.9         5.1      72.4      197.3     286.4      367.5        398.9       198.1      168.5      195.2      221.8        503.9          544.0       22.4%
            Viet Nam        10.0          6.9         7.1    105.8        85.0    104.1        108.9       107.8       90.7       85.6       91.5        109.5          118.8       32.6%
            TOTAL           14.3       14.4        93.5      325.4     410.2      528.4        577.6       362.8      354.9      366.8      426.4        700.5          802.5       24.0%
            World           56.0       61.9       751.2      981.4    1,151.5    1,573.5      1,632.0     1,116.4    1,128.9    1,243.0    1,424.2      1,455.6       1,801.4        9.1%
PRC         Cambodia          0.2         0.5         0.2       1.2        1.0        5.7           6.9     45.0       48.2       55.8       59.5           34.8          27.9      65.7%
            Lao PDR           6.4         2.2         3.7       3.5        4.4        6.4           7.3        5.8        7.9        9.6        6.4           7.5           8.9      9.2%
            Myanmar         95.5      105.9       131.3      164.7     142.8      149.6        137.5        73.4       61.6      101.5      124.8        134.2          143.2        0.9%
            Thailand       385.6      421.7       424.1      601.2     864.4     1,610.8      1,890.3     2,004.8    2,423.0    2,780.5    4,380.8      4,712.9       4,457.7       26.5%
            Viet Nam          0.9      10.8        72.7      122.6     191.1      332.0        308.5       357.0      217.4      354.3      929.1       1,010.8       1,010.2       30.1%
            TOTAL          488.6      541.1       631.9      893.2    1,203.7    2,104.5      2,350.5     2,486.1    2,758.1    3,301.6    5,500.7      5,900.1       5,647.8       24.5%
            World       53,809.4    63,874.9    81,870.8 103,622.0 115,705.0 132,163.0      138,949.0 142,163.0 140,385.0 165,718.0 225,096.0         243,613.0 274,344.0           12.9%
Lao PDR     Cambodia      —           —           —             3.0        2.6        2.8           3.0    —          —              0.3        3.4           0.9           1.0       —
            PRC             15.9       12.3        30.6       18.1        20.2       21.5         23.2         4.9     19.6       24.4       37.9           59.9          71.5       8.8%
            Myanmar       —           —           —         —         —          —            —            —          —          —          —           —               —             —
            Thailand        72.3       84.3       133.1      164.8     270.3      287.8        310.0       336.7      411.3      452.0      419.0        451.7          444.0       12.8%
            Viet Nam        17.6          3.9      17.6       19.7        22.5       23.9         25.8      25.1       80.7      181.8       77.7           85.8          93.1      18.1%
            TOTAL          105.9      100.5       181.4      205.6     315.6      336.0        362.0       366.7      511.7      658.5      538.1        598.2          609.6       12.9%
            World          148.6      154.3       258.4      431.9     564.1      588.8        689.6       408.5      644.6      808.9      689.7        733.1          763.1       11.4%

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China , Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
                                                                                                                                                                    Continued on next page




                                                                                                                                                                                                53
                                                                                                                                                                                                    54
                                                                           Table A4.13—Continued
                                                                                  ($ million)
                                                                                                                                                                                       Compound
                                                                                                                                                                                         annual
To            From       1990        1991       1992       1993       1994        1995         1996          1997        1998        1999        2000        2001          2002
                                                                                                                                                                                        growth
                                                                                                                                                                                      (1992–2002)
Myanmar     Cambodia      —           —          —          —          —           —            —             —               0.0         0.2     —           —             —             —




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Appendix 4
            PRC            137.7      314.8       284.9     357.2       406.0       679.6        573.2        626.7       586.2       447.2       546.1        547.1        626.1        8.2%
            Lao PDR       —           —          —          —          —           —            —             —           —           —           —           —             —             —
            Thailand        19.8          4.2    —          —          —           —            —             —           —           435.3       554.7        390.5        355.9         —
            Viet Nam      —           —          —          —          —                0.1           0.8         2.1         1.7         1.7         6.2           6.9         7.5       —
            TOTAL          157.5      319.0       284.9     357.2       406.0       679.7        574.0        628.8       587.9       884.4      1,107.0       944.5        989.4       13.3%
            World          667.7     1,067.9     1,045.8   1,280.1     1,538.2     2,341.6      2,677.8      2,861.5     2,358.5     2,527.7     3,039.2      2,667.6      2,871.4      10.6%
Thailand    Cambodia          9.4      11.5        93.2      89.8       126.2       160.6           47.8       78.9         24.7        14.8          7.9         12.3        11.2     (19.1%)
            PRC          1,107.0     1,149.5     1,219.5    904.5      1,388.2     2,095.5      1,953.1      2,260.1     1,821.6     2,494.7     3,376.9      3,710.7      4,928.2      15.0%
            Lao PDR         44.4       47.0        41.1      63.2          69.1        69.8         68.5        59.9        31.7        56.7        75.8          89.1        93.5       8.6%
            Myanmar        131.7      —          —          —              31.7        40.2     —             —           —           112.8       256.3        808.9        914.3         —
            Viet Nam        93.8      116.3        80.2      84.8          39.1        43.1         65.6      176.2       234.5       229.6       331.3        327.0        240.4       11.6%
            TOTAL        1,386.3     1,324.2     1,433.9   1,142.2     1,654.2     2,409.2      2,134.9      2,575.1     2,112.5     2,908.6     4,048.2      4,948.1      6,187.6      15.7%
            World       33,407.5    37,924.5    40,686.1 46,064.7     54,393.8    73,692.0     73,335.8     62,803.7    43,108.1    50,350.1    61,923.4     62,056.7     64,720.7       4.8%
Viet Nam    Cambodia          7.7         5.2        6.7        7.6        17.7        23.6         17.9        24.7        42.1        12.7        37.3          27.0        29.2      15.9%
            PRC               4.6      18.4        31.8      85.5       144.2       329.7        329.0        404.4       515.0       673.1      1,401.1      1,984.9      2,058.1      51.7%
            Lao PDR           3.9         3.3        7.7     41.9       102.9          84.0         68.1        52.7      131.4       197.4       105.7        116.3        126.2       32.3%
            Myanmar       —           —          —          —          —           —                  0.6         1.4         1.5         1.2         3.6           4.0         4.3       —
            Thailand        17.0       14.2        41.2      99.5       225.7       439.8        494.5        575.2       673.5       561.8       810.9        876.8       1,042.0      38.1%
            TOTAL           33.2       41.2        87.4     234.5       490.6       877.0        910.1       1,058.3     1,363.4     1,446.2     2,358.6      3,008.9      3,259.8      43.6%
            World        2,842.1     2,482.9     3,027.3   3,924.0     5,825.8     8,358.5     11,284.9     11,874.8    11,309.7    11,740.9    15,636.3     16,611.1     18,037.4      19.5%

Total Imports - GMS      2,185.7     2,340.4     2,713.1   3,158.2     4,480.2     6,934.8      6,909.0      7,477.8     7,688.5     9,566.1    13,978.9     16,100.3     17,496.8      20.5%

Total Imports - World   90,931.3 105,566.4 127,639.5 156,304.1 179,178.5 218,717.4            228,569.1 221,228.0 198,934.7 232,388.5 307,808.8             327,137.2 362,537.9         11.0%

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Source: International Monetary Fund
                                                  Table A4.14: Tourist Arrivals in the GMS
                                                                1995–2001



Country/Province                  1995           1996           1997           1998           1999          2000       2001       2002


Cambodia                         219,680        260,489        218,843        286,524        367,743        466,365    408,377    522,978
Yunnan, PRC                      596,942        752,100        800,000        760,000      1,040,000      1,006,000 1,130,000 1,304,000
Lao PDR                          346,460        403,000        463,200        500,200        614,278        737,208    673,823    735,662
Myanmar                          136,898        179,594        110,230        159,272        198,759        207,665    204,862    217,212
Thailand                       6,951,566      7,244,400      7,293,957      7,842,760      8,651,260      9,578,826 10,132,509 10,872,976
Viet Nam                       1,351,296      1,607,155      1,715,637      1,520,128      1,781,754      2,140,100 2,330,050 2,627,988

    Total-GMS                  9,602,842 10,446,738 10,601,867 11,068,884 12,653,794 14,136,164 14,879,621 16,280,816


PRC = People's Republic of China, GMS = Greater Mekong Subregion, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Source: Agency for Coordinating Mekong Tourism Activities (AMTA).




                                                                                                                                            Appendix 4
                                                                                                                                            55
                                                                                                                       56
                              Table A4.15: Foreign Direct Investment Flows
                                                ($ million)




                                                                                                                       Appendix 4
Country/Province                     1992        1995       1998        1999        2000       2001        2002



Cambodia                               33         151         243        230         149        148          54
Lao PDR                                 8          88          45         52          34         24          25
Myanmar                               172         318         684        304         208        192         129
Thailand                            1,544       1,183       7,491      6,091       3,350      3,813       1,068
Viet Nam                              385       1,780       1,700      1,484       1,289      1,300       1,200
Yunnan Province, PRC                    3         225         146        154         128        128         —

— = data not available.
PRC = People's Republic of China, Lao PDR = Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Sources: UNCTAD Website, available: http://www.unctad.org and Yunnan Province Statistical Bureau, Yunnan Statistical
Yearbook: 2002, China Statistics Publishers.

								
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