Lambda Chi Alpha Orientation Program Week 3 Lambda Chi Alpha Orientation Program

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					             Lambda Chi Alpha Orientation Program Week

               History of Lambda Chi Alpha
Discussion Topics                                   LB      BB

1.      The Condensed History of Lambda Chi Alpha   _____   _____
2.      Early Leaders in Lambda Chi Alpha           _____   _____
3.      Significant Dates                           _____   _____
4.      Lambda Chi Alpha: The Early Years           _____   _____
5.      Bonus Section: Hodgepodge                   _____   _____
6.      Review Grades and Classes                   _____   _____
7.      The Week in Review

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      The Condensed History of Lambda Chi
         Lambda Chi Alpha is a big fraternity. To cover all that has gone on through the past decades
would be short of insanity, to say anything of the task imposed on you when attempting to read it.
Instead, major points will be covered and a few highlights will be touched on. The purpose of this section
is to spark interest in your mind and hopefully will inspire you to dig a little deeper with supplemental
texts and references that may be found in the library or on the dusty bookshelves of a few Brothers. This
material is by no means comprehensive. There will be some of you who will read no further than what is
offered in the Paedagogus and this kit. Others will be inspired to go out and investigate further. Every
single bit of information that is acquired will be of some benefit, especially when the Ritual rolls around.

         The early 1900's were not stable years for the United States. With the Industrial Revolution
having its early growing pains, millions of people migrated into the country. It was comforting for them
to associate with their own kind. Labor unions were popping up all over the country. The college
campus was no exception to this phenomenon.
         Fraternity life was teeming. It was in this environment that Warren Albert Cole decided to start
his own niche. He had apparently tried to become involved with other fraternities and failed. The Boston
University Law School was the site of Lambda Chi's first humble beginnings.
At this time, Cole was directly associated with some of his high school friends who, during his high
school years, had been associated with a fraternity known as Alpha Mu Chi. This same group later
became members of the Cosmopolitan Law Club, founded in Boston in 1905. By 1909, the club was in
dispute as whether to continue as a legal society, or to expand into a general fraternity. It was the
proponents of the latter who stuck with Cole and started the real beginnings of our fraternity. On
November 2, 1909, Cole initiated his first attempt, and it is this date that we have adopted as our official
         The existing fraternity was by no means Cole's first attempt. Alpha Zeta started out to be a
society for Law students. It had political and logistical problems so to maintain the membership, which
was starting to decline, Cole opened the fraternity to liberal arts students. The fraternity had at this time
no real heritage or cohesive agent. Cole, however, had the inherent stubbornness needed to continue.
         ―Loyal College Associates‖ was the name Cole gave the new fraternity, or L.C.A., as it was
originally termed. Since most of the general fraternities were using Greek letters, Cole renamed L.C.A. to
Lambda Chi Alpha. With the Greek name and a growing membership, Cole traveled to other campuses
with special delegation teams that were picked judiciously to ensure that his major theme would not be
lost. During one of these trips, to the University of Pennsylvania, one of the Brothers, Raymond Ferris,
ran into John Mason. After much coaxing from Ferris, Mason decided to join Lambda Chi Alpha and
thus the Epsilon chapter was born with six other men. At this time, Cole had written a crude and
stereotyped Ritual which did not impress Mason in the slightest. The disease which grabs some of us
grabbed Mason, and he went nuts, ―delving into fraternal lore with a vengeance‖, and ultimately bore our
Ritual as we know it today. The contemporary design of our seal, flag, and coat of arms has been
attributed to John Mason.
         Lambda Chi Alpha began growing rapidly, as chapters on many campuses were started. Things
shifted into high gear during and immediately after World War I. Ninety percent of the fraternity
membership served in the armed forces in one capacity or another. Still, local societies by the score
applied for admission.
         The surging growth of Lambda Chi Alpha resulted in several significant developments. Chief
among these was the establishment in 1920 of a central office located in Kingston, Pennsylvania. Later
that same year, the first Canadian chapter at Toronto was admitted. Another significant event in our
history occurred in 1939 when Theta Kappa Nu merged with Lambda Chi Alpha, increasing the total

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chapter number from 78 to 106. This was the largest merger in the history of the fraternity world at this

         The union of the two fraternities was a natural culmination of a long-term, friendly relationship.
Founded in 1924, Theta Kappa Nu soon contacted Lambda Chi Alpha for guidance and adopted many of
our organizational features and policies. Officers, who had much in common from the start, finally began
to negotiate a merger at the National Interfraternity Conference at New York during the November of
1938. So cordial were the opening discussions that a merger committee was quickly appointed. Ten
months later, in September of 1939, the merger was consummated.
         As with all fraternities, Lambda Chi Alpha had some very rough times. During the Great
Depression many chapters closed due to added financial strains. World War II, unlike the First World
War, took its toll on Lambda Chi Alpha as well as the Greek community. By 1946, however, all but two
of the 114 pre-war chapters returned. Again, post-war expansion was flourishing. This was the greatest
period of growth in our history.
         The profile of the American student was rapidly changing during the 1960's due to the Vietnam
conflict. Disestablishmentarianism was rampant. The fraternity structure had to either change or die a
quite rapid death. The Associate Member became a part of Lambda Chi Alpha, replacing the ―Pledge‖ in
1972. The fraternity became less of a stratified entity and the apparent militarism prior to the change was
starting to die out. This afforded the more mature, cohesive environment that the post Vietnam era
student was looking for. The great fraternity that began here is what you know today.
         Lambda Chi Alpha's history and future are very dynamic. It is up to you, the Associate Member,
the Brother of tomorrow, to make your own history and traditions of which the Associate Members of the
future will read.

The following history outline was taken directly from the Lambda Chi Alpha website, which is The following section does contain most of the information stated above, but is
more in depth.

The Fraternity Climate

        The early 1900s found North America in a state of rapid growth and development. The college
campus reflected the growth of the economy as more and more students entered colleges and universities.
By 1909, there were a number of well-developed collegiate fraternities, many of which were more than 50
years old. But there were more young men interested in joining fraternities than there were memberships

         The memberships of established fraternities were usually comprised of wealthier students and
those from more established families. In many cases, these students were legacies to fraternities.

         The first generation college student (whose parents had not attended college) had little knowledge
of fraternities, nor did he have the contacts necessary to make membership a possibility. The time was
right for the organization of a new fraternity that would take as its members the outstanding, ambitious
young men who, in many cases, would have been excluded from the organized fraternity system of the

        Most college fraternities have had their beginning in a small group of friends on the same campus
who attracted youths of similar views. As time went on, the original group would draw to it other groups
formed in a similar way on other campuses, and gradually a national organization developed.

The Founding of Lambda Chi Alpha

       Unlike most fraternities, Lambda Chi Alpha began as the dream of one man, Warren Albert Cole.
He was born in Swansea, Massachusetts, and attended high school at Taunton and Fall River. While in

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high school, he was involved with a preparatory fraternity. He entered Brown University for a few weeks,
but eventually transferred to Boston University's Law School in the fall of 1909.

       One of his earliest ventures of starting a fraternity took place at a meeting with his first cousin
and a more distant relative on November 2, 1909. The date was later selected as the first formal step in
Lambda Chi Alpha, but in later years, Cole said that the date had little significance.

         He was a young man of pleasing personality, ordinary means, limited experience, and no unusual
talents except a dogged determination to found an international college fraternity. It is hard to believe that
all alone he deliberately set out to challenge the prestigious fraternity world which already boasted 46
strong, well-established organizations. His unquestioning faith in himself and unwavering belief in his
mission are the only explanations for his remarkable achievement.

        Cole first made some unsuccessful attempts at starting a fraternity, about which we know little
more than names: "The Lodge," "Tombs," "Lambda Pi," then it was Lambda Chi Alpha—"Loyal
Collegiate Associates," until a new meaning was adopted in 1913.

         Cole boldly approached many local groups at colleges and universities throughout the Northeast
in hopes of finding others willing to join his new fraternity. Before the acquisition of Lambda Chi Alpha's
first functioning chapter, Cole had corresponded with or visited 117 institutions.

          Early in 1912, Warren Cole, as was his custom in attempting to establish a chapter at a school,
wrote to a student at Massachusetts Agricultural College (MAC) in Amherst (now the University of
Massachusetts) asking the names of the Greek-letter fraternities on campus and the names of at least two
"good, non-fraternity men." Herbert E. Cole responded with the names of six Greek-letter groups and two
names, including that of Lewis Drury. Warren Cole wrote to Drury asking if he was interested in forming
a Greek-letter society. Apparently Drury was quite interested, as he had his agronomy professor write a
letter of recommendation to Warren Cole.

         The MAC petition was duly submitted and quickly approved—after all, it was Cole's first success
in attracting a group after more than one hundred futile efforts. Lambda Chi Alpha's first established
chapter, Gamma Zeta, was born.

       During the spring of 1912, Albert Cross, a student in the department of civil engineering at the
University of Pennsylvania, received a letter from Warren Cole indicating that he had received Cross'
name from a mutual acquaintance and that he would like to form a chapter of Lambda Chi Alpha at

         Cross liked Cole's idea and began talking with some of his friends. One of these friends was John
E. "Jack" Mason, whom Cross had met in a French class that summer. Mason, who had hardly been
interested in existing fraternities at Penn, suggested to another friend, Raymond Ferris, that they "take a
shot at" establishing a chapter of Lambda Chi Alpha.

        Thus, with colossal nerve, Cross, Mason, Ferris, and five other men dared to launch a fraternity
chapter on a campus with an abundance of long-established national fraternities. But with determination,
Epsilon Zeta began.

        Following the addition of Zeta Zeta at Penn State, the infant fraternity now felt confident in
contacting established local groups. Cole made the acquaintance of members of Sigma Phi Delta at
Brown and won its affiliation. A "picked delegation" at MIT proved successful. By the beginning of
1913, Delta Kappa at Maine was admitted as the seventh chapter.

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The Second General Assembly

        Lambda Chi Alpha was now truly a national fraternity, even though most of its chapters were still
very young and not yet well organized. The first real efforts at national solidarity were made at the
Second General Assembly, held at the MIT chapter house in Boston, March 22, 1913.

        When Jack Mason found it impossible to attend the 1913 Assembly, he "pulled an all-nighter" in
order to give a handwritten letter to Albert Cross before his departure for Boston. The letter, which Cross
presented to the Assembly delegates, contained Mason's vision of the ideals and principles of Lambda Chi
Alpha and how they would be expressed. His reason for the adoption of a new Initiation Ritual was based
on the following rationale:

                The first question is what should be the highest aim of a college
                fraternity? The answer is-I think-to have men of sterling character, who
                are efficient workers along all the lines of human activity; not students
                with big, all-around sympathies, who can deliver the goods in whatever
                activity they take up. In other words we have to preach two doctrines, the
                doctrine of work and the doctrine of character; or, if you wish to join the
                two, the doctrine of mighty energy working toward a high ideal. Nothing
                else counts. It makes no difference how pleasant a chap he is, if he can't
                do good sincere work he's not good, and we don't want him for a brother.
                The people we do take for brothers we want to encourage along these
                lines all we can.

        In addition to the development of a new Initiation Ritual, the 1913 General Assembly saw the
adoption of the significance of Zeta and Lambda Chi Alpha and revisions to the coat of arms and badge.

         Because of the tremendous impact of the second annual General Assembly held on March 22,
1913, this date has been chosen as the Fraternity's Founders' Day. This was the date on which the spiritual
basis of Lambda Chi Alpha was decided by its early leaders and founders.

World War I

         The First World War, like the Civil War, restricted the activities of all fraternities. As a young
fraternity, a large proportion of Lambda Chi Alpha's membership was in the armed services-about 2,500
or 90 percent of the initiated members. Many fraternity houses were given over to military authority to
use as barracks.

         When World War I ended, most fraternity chapters were reinstated, and the demand for national
fraternity affiliations remained unsatisfied. At that time the National Interfraternity Conference fostered
the formation of two new societies comprised of local groups which desired national affiliation. One of
these new fraternities was Theta Kappa Nu.

Theta Kappa Nu

        Theta Kappa Nu Fraternity was formed by the union of 11 well-established local fraternities on
June 9, 1924. The first chapters of Theta Kappa Nu were brought together in Springfield, Missouri,
through the diligent efforts of four men-all of whom recognized the need to bring together strong local
chapters with high standards into one national fraternity.

        The pinnacle of the Springfield Grand Chapter was the signing of the League and Covenant-the
instrument that embodied the ideals of the various groups and would bind them together to form one
organization. Those present at the founding meeting were asked to come forward and sign the document.
Each delegate realized that the signature meant the end of his local fraternity. In silence each delegate

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present came forward, removed the badge of the local from over his heart, placed it on the table, and
signed the League and Covenant. Theta Kappa Nu was born.

        With the help of the National Interfraternity Conference in identifying local groups and Theta
Kappa Nu's policy of granting charters quickly to organizations with good academic standards, the young
national fraternity grew quickly, and boasted 2,500 initiates in 40 chapters by the close of 1926. This
record expansion remains unequaled in the fraternity world.

         Theta Kappa Nu placed a more consistent emphasis on high academic standards than did most
fraternities at the time. Scholarships were presented annually to members who pursued graduate studies,
and a Scholarship Cup and Activities Trophy were awarded to the chapters with the highest grades and
the most active involvement on campus respectively. The Scholarship and Activities Keys are also Theta
Kappa Nu traditions that continue today.
The Union

        Theta Kappa Nu, in contrast to Lambda Chi Alpha, maintained most of its chapters at small
colleges. The Great Depression hit the smaller schools, and thus Theta Kappa Nu, harder than others.
Many men simply could not afford even modest "extra" costs of fraternity membership. The early 1930s
saw chapters of Theta Kappa Nu become inactive for the first time. Simultaneously, the number of active
members dropped by one-third. In order to maintain strength of numbers, the Grand Council reduced fees
in 1933 and again in 1935. Yet, it was not enough to counter the dire economic times.

       Although Lambda Chi Alpha was in markedly better shape financially, it also clearly needed to
expand its roster of chapters during this same economic climate. Following cordial opening discussions
between leaders from Theta Kappa Nu and Lambda Chi Alpha in 1938, a formal negotiating committee
was formed.

       The merger was widely supported by the leadership of Lambda Chi Alpha. The union proposal
was approved unanimously during the September 1939 General Assembly. Meanwhile, at the Theta
Kappa Nu Grand Chapter, after considerable discussion of the details of the merger, the decision to join
with Lambda Chi Alpha was unanimous as well.

         The enlarged Fraternity following the union brought Lambda Chi Alpha's membership to 27,000
initiated members and 105 active chapters located in 39 states and one province. The union also permitted
the expanded group to endure the difficult years of World War II.

World War II

         The Second World War had a major impact upon colleges, and therefore upon the college
fraternity. The number of active members in all fraternities dropped 73 percent with a 36 percent loss of
chapters. In Lambda Chi Alpha, 49 of the 129 chapters were inactive at some point in contrast to only six
of the 48 during World War I.

         Again, chapter houses were used for military purposes, conclaves were abandoned to reduce
unnecessary travel, two General Assemblies were canceled, and paper was hard to obtain for the Cross &
Crescent. Chapters that did function did so on a reduced scale-reduced chapter publications; house repairs
limited to essentials; no meat, no butter, and no dessert days were common.

      More than 13,000 Lambda Chis answered the call to arms, totaling more than a third of the living
membership. More than 400 died in the service of Canada and the United States.

      When World War II was over, chapters immediately began to respond. By 1946, all but two of
Lambda Chi Alpha's 114 chapters which existed before the war were active and alive.
Post-World War II

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        The period since World War II has seen the greatest surge of fraternity expansion in its history.
The 20 largest North American men's general fraternities alone opened more than 1,700 new chapters
during the last 50 years.

         The Korean and Vietnam Wars also had an impact on the fraternity system. Most notably, the
Vietnam War, coupled with the serious student unrest of the late-1960s, had a psychological impact on
the college student. There was a waning of interest in all established organizations and an emphasis
placed on individualism. However, while membership and general interest in fraternities by non-fraternity
men were affected, most chapters of most fraternities were able to continue to grow. Fraternities, as well
as other institutions dealing with young people, were seriously challenged concerning their motives,
ideals, and purpose for existing. Significant changes were needed in order to better serve individual
fraternity members.

         Lambda Chi Alpha recognized early in this period that it must have a steady source of feedback
from its undergraduate members. Although undergraduates had always made the laws of the Fraternity
through their vote at the General Assemblies, more day-to-day communication at the General Fraternity
level was essential. By 1970, this need resulted in the formation of the Student Advisory Committee
(SAC), whose chairman serves as a voting member of the Grand High Zeta.

         Also during this time, Lambda Chi Alpha completely re-evaluated its program of education and
orientation, doing away with pledgeship, pledges, and the second-class citizenship so often associated
with them. Twenty years would pass before other fraternities would take serious steps to eliminate
pledges and the accompanying hazing. As the Greek world entered the 1980s, fraternity professionals
easily could acknowledge that standards in fraternity chapters had greatly declined. In Lambda Chi Alpha,
the decline was a fallout from the 1970s when virtually every segment of society dropped its standards.
However, as a means to allow chapters to "recover" from a loss of standards and realize their potential,
the Standards for Chapter Excellence program was created. Program materials were developed in
response to undergraduate questions about how chapters could improve themselves.

         At the Fraternity's 75th anniversary in 1984, the Code for Chapter Excellence was approved by
the 40th General Assembly as a challenge and commitment to all chapters and members to "strive
diligently to achieve the highest level of performance in each of the Standards for Chapter Excellence and
its prerequisites, and to seek to broaden the dimension of our chapters; to foster the finest qualities of
mind and body; and to encourage an ongoing evaluation of our performance relative to the Standards for
Chapter Excellence."

        By the late-1980s, another challenge faced fraternities-the insurance and liability crisis. As
society became more and more litigious and a "boys will be boys" attitude no longer prevailed, Lambda
Chi Alpha was faced with two options: continue to allow blatant disregard for personal responsibility and
safety and face the elimination of our Brotherhood, or take a leadership role in providing safe
environments in which our members and guests can interact. The result was a comprehensive Resolution
on Alcoholic Beverages adopted by the 1988 General Assembly and a complete risk management
program. In following its tradition, Lambda Chi Alpha took a leadership role by being the first fraternity
to implement the chapter risk management officer (High Iota), crisis management plans, detailed chapter
house safety inspections, event planning forms, and insurance premium allocations.

        By the middle of the 1990s, Lambda Chi Alpha had set its sights firmly on a prosperous future.
The need to increase standards and remain a leader among all fraternities were at the forefront of Lambda
Chi Alpha's agenda as the Fraternity's minimum grade point standard increased and little sister
organizations were eliminated by the 1990 General Assembly; basic membership standards were adopted
by the 1992 General Assembly, and minimum chapter and colony standards were expanded by the 1994
General Assembly.

Our Heritage—Tomorrow's Foundation

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        What started as the dream of one man today stands as one of the largest men's general fraternities
in the world, more than 235,000 brothers strong. What began as 25 members in three chapters has grown
to more than 210 active chapters and colonies in 44 states and three provinces. Today, the youngest of the
20 largest fraternities is the third largest.

       Lambda Chi Alpha's heritage-based on progressive leadership, high standards, and a
determination to overcome obstacles-is the foundation on which the Fraternity's future will be built. As a
member of Lambda Chi Alpha, it is your obligation to see that the Fraternity meets its challenges,
changes when necessary, stands firm on its principles, and fulfills its mission.

             Early Leaders in Lambda Chi Alpha
                           Warren A. Cole, Boston
                           FOUNDER, FIRST G RAND HIGH ALPHA 1911 – 1920

                                    Unlike most fraternities, Lambda Chi Alpha began as the dream of one
                           man: Warren Albert Cole. He was deliberate, soft-spoken, and mild of manner
                           yet gave impression of one whose mind was constantly at work, appraising and
                           calculating. With undergraduates finding his personality attractive, he inspired
                           intense loyalty.
                                    Despite rather limited experience he continued to work on his dream of
                           founding a great international fraternity in the face of numerous crushing
                           disappointments. His technique was to write to a non-fraternity man at a
                           desirable college and inquire if the individual were interested in establishing a
chapter of the small but growing fraternity.
         After more than a hundred rejections (a few in person rather than by letter), Cole finally received
a positive reply from Lewis Drury at the University of Massachusetts in early February 1912. Now he
had new problems: to produce a Constitution, ritual, and emblems. Cole bought time by producing a
badge and naming the required officers. He set to work and, by the mid-May installation, produced both
a Constitution [largely based on the legal fraternity Gamma Eta Gamma to which he had belonged] and a
ritual [heavily based on a farming organization known as the Patrons of Husbandry, or the Grange, with
some ideas borrowed from Freemasonry].
         That same spring another positive reply, from Albert Cross at the University of Pennsylvania, led
to a general fraternity consisting of an international president (Cole), eight theoretical members in the
Boston chapter, eight in the Massachusetts chapter, and thirteen members at Pennsylvania.
         Cole worked with the Massachusetts chapter to produce the first coat of arms known as the
Gamma Plate. He accepted, with reasonably good humor, the devastating critique of his work on
emblems and ritual from the Pennsylvania chapter despite its often tactless form, and utilized the skills of
many of the men brought into the fraternity with its rapid expansion [28 new chapters between 1912-
1916]. With the onset of World War I, Cole was left as the sole worker at the general fraternity level with
several tasks, not the least of which was editor of the magazine. Through his energetic efforts the
Fraternity not only survived the war but boasted 53 chapters at the first post-war General Assembly that
convened in Ann Arbor on Dec. 29, 1919. Ironically, he was not returned to the office of Grand High
Alpha at that General Assembly and soon thereafter ceased all involvement with the Fraternity.

                           Dr. John E. Mason, Jr., Pennsylvania
                           BOARD MEMBER 1913 – 1937

                                  Jack Mason came into the Fraternity as a charter member of our
                           second functioning chapter. Fluent in French, German, Italian, Spanish,
                           Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, he assembled our current initiation ritual from
                           numerous ancient and medieval texts. Although his name is most closely

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associated with our ritual and emblems –including the current coat of arms – it can be argued that his
greatest contribution was in the development of the Fraternity's publications. He was the first editor of
the open magazine and, as chairman of the Board of Publications, worked closely with Linn Lightner
when he assumed the duties of editor. Jack was also involved in the development of the Paedagogus
(member education manual) and guided the assembling of the songbook.
        Jack served as Grand High Alpha from 1930 – 1933 and as Historian of the Fraternity until his
death in 1946.

                          Samuel Dyer, Maine
                          BOARD MEMBER, 1913 – 1923

                                    Sam was one of the founders of the Psi Alpha Lambda local fraternity
                           at Maine. He was instrumental in bringing the successor, Delta Kappa, into our
                           fraternity and was rewarded with a position on the Board a week before his
                           chapter was even installed. He served as business manager of the magazine
                           and developed the first academic standards program. He worked with Jack
                           Mason on the development of the initiation ritual and was the author of the
                           Officer Installation ceremony. Virtually alone he published the 1914 Directory
                           of Members.
       During the post-World War I period Sam served as a skilled mediator in the Cole vs. Cross /
Mason / Fischer conflicts. Throughout his life he was an exemplar of the ideals of Lambda Chi Alpha.

                           Ernst J. C. Fischer, Cornell
                           BOARD MEMBER, 1914 – 1933

                                     Fischer came into the Fraternity as an alumnus, having been a member
                            of the rollicking group known as the Mug and Jug – predecessor of our Cornell
                            chapter. He happened to be in Worcester, Massachusetts, on business at the
                            time of the 1914 General Assembly; his skills were so obvious that he was
                            immediately placed on the Board.
                                     Fischer was instrumental in the establishment of the endowment fund
                            that was critical to our survival during the Great Depression. He developed the
                            Universal Accounting System, was involved in the development of the
                            Paedagogus, and was the only man other than our founder to serve more than a
single four-year term as Grand High Alpha [1920-1929]. In the mid-1930s he served on the staff as a
traveling consultant for special chapter problems. As usual at the 1978 General Assembly he divided his
time between reminiscing with the older alumni and holding small undergraduate groups spellbound with
tales of the earliest days…a fitting conclusion to sixty-four years of service to his beloved Fraternity.

                          Bruce H. McIntosh, DePauw
                          CHIEF E XECUTIVE 1920 – 1942

                                   Bruce was Cole's principal contact in the Darsee Club that led to our
                          chapter at DePauw. He began editing our open magazine in 1918, but it was
                          clear by February 1920 that his talents were more needed as chief executive
                          officer. Bruce established the first Office of Administration in Kingston and
                          Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania [selected to be near President Fischer, who lived in
                          the area], then made the move to Indianapolis in December 1920. He
                          developed virtually all of our office procedures, designed most of the ritual
                          equipment including initiating officer robes and pendants, and generally
                          brought the fraternity to a stage where it was greatly respected for its
administrative procedures – all on a minuscule budget.

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                                Significant Dates
November 2, 1909    Fictitious first meeting of Alpha Zeta at Boston University led by Warren A.
                    Cole. In fact, the chapter consisted solely of Cole and his ideas until some time
                    in 1915.

May 18, 1912        Gamma Zeta installed by Cole at the University of Massachusetts with 8
                    members. By mid-October Lewis Drury, Louis Webster, and Cole had
                    completed the design of the fraternity's first coat of arms, known as the Gamma

May 27, 1912        Epsilon Zeta installed at the University of Pennsylvania with 7 members
                    including Jack Mason. The ceremony consisted of reading and discussing
                    several letters sent by Cole; six other members were initiated shortly thereafter.

November 2, 1912    The recently established Society of Good Fellowship was installed as Zeta Zeta
                    at the Pennsylvania State University. Only two of the chapter's officers, who
                    were attending a football game in Philadelphia, were initiated on this date by the
                    Pennsylvania chapter. These two subsequently initiated the remainder of the
                    chapter on Nov. 23.

November 11, 1912   The Kasa Club (founded 1900), which had become the Alpha Brotherhood of
                    Sigma Phi Delta in 1907, was installed by Cole as Iota Zeta at Brown University.

December 30, 1912   Lambda Zeta was installed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (M.I.T.)
                    by Cole with the assistance of members from the Massachusetts and Brown
                    chapters on Feb. 3, 1913. However, for reasons no longer known, the charter
                    was dated the previous December.

March 15, 1913      Delta Kappa, the result of a 1911 merger of Delta Kappa and Psi Alpha Lambda
                    (both founded in 1908), was installed as Beta Zeta at the University of Maine two
                    weeks after the charter date. With the first or ―Cole‖ ritual considered obsolete
                    after the General Assembly and the second or ―Mason‖ ritual not ready, the ritual
                    of Beta Kappa was used in the ceremonies by the three Grand High Zeta
                    members, including Cole.

March 22-23,1913    Jack Mason's ideas for a new initiation ritual adopted in principle by the General
                    Assembly meeting at the M.I.T. chapter house. After extensive development
                    involving some five other brothers the script was ratified by the April 1914
                    General Assembly meeting at the Worcester Polytechnic chapter house.

April 1914          First issue of the open magazine, then called The Purple, Green and Gold and
                    now the Cross & Crescent, appeared. Edited by Jack Mason and dated January
                    1914, it featured an article on the Cornell chapter.

November 1914       Lambda Chi Alpha became a full member of the National Interfraternity
                    Conference (NIC), a group founded in November 1909.

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February 1915        The first chapter alumni newsletter appeared – the Zeta Zephyr of Penn State.

March 1920           First Office of Administration established in Wilkes-Barre, PA, by our first full-
                     time executive Bruce McIntosh; in mid-December the office moved to

June 8–10, 1924      Eleven well-established local fraternities met in Springfield, Missouri, and
                     formed Theta Kappa Nu (); public announcement, known as ‗badging out‘,
                     was delayed until October 11.

September 1, 1924    First salaried staff member, Fred Speer, employed to devote full-time to chapter

Summer 1926          First edition of the Paedagogus or new member education manual appeared; an
                     innovative idea in the Greek World, it was widely copied.

December 3, 1927     Lambda Chi Alpha became an international fraternity with the chartering of
                     Epsilon-Epsilon Zeta at the University of Toronto.

1939                 Lambda Chi Alpha merged with Theta Kappa Nu. The initial conversations of
                     the previous November at the NIC meetings were followed by formal
                     negotiations in the spring. Formal approval occurred August 30 at the San
                     Francisco General Assembly of Lambda Chi Alpha and August 31 at the
                     Birmingham Grand Chapter of Theta Kappa Nu. ―Duke‖ Flad was the
                     Wittenberg delegate to the last Grand Chapter of . The official Union Day
                     was October 11. At the time it was the largest merger in the history of the Greek

1946                 John E. Mason Memorial Foundation was authorized by the Toronto General
                     Assembly based upon the bequest of the major part of Jack Mason‘s estate: an
                     insurance policy paying $2,007.28. The name was changed to the Lambda Chi
                     Alpha Educational Foundation in 1968.

August 22–26, 1949   First Leadership Training Seminar held at Wittenberg College with 104 chapters
                     and 9 colonies in attendance.

October 15, 1967     100,000th initiate in LCA; Daniel J. Dullaghan became a member of the bond at
                     Alpha-Alpha Zeta, Butler University, with Executive Secretary ―Duke‖ Flad and
                     Service Secretary George Spasyk in attendance.

September 1970       Student Advisory Committee, the liaison between the Grand High Zeta and the
                     undergraduate members, established by the Bahamas General Assembly.

August 11, 1991      200,000th initiate in LCA; the International Ritual Team at the Bowling Green
                     Leadership Seminar initiated Bryan Gardner of Mercer University. Grand High
                     Alpha Bobby Ray Hicks and Executive Vice President Tom Helmbock made the

November 3, 1991     Lambda Chi Alpha entered its 300th campus, George Washington University.

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             Lambda Chi Alpha: The Early Years
This is an excerpt from an installment of articles found in the Cross and Crescent dealing with the
historical background and development of our fraternity. It is considerably more detailed than the
“concise” version found earlier in this packet. Because of this detailed nature the entirety can not be
shown here. If you wish to discover even more ask your High Kappa for a copy of the complete article.

By Dr. Charles S. Peyser, University of the South; Contributors: V. Randall McLeary, Memphis State,
‗78; Charles D. Scarborough, Texas Christian, ‗81; Linn C. Lightner, Franklin and Marshall, ‗18; Bruce
H. Mclntosh, DePauw ‗16.

         The events which occurred at Boston University that led to the establishment of Lambda Chi
Alpha are, at best, hazy. It appears that a motley crew of students from B. U. and Tufts shared a room in
which they could wash up, change clothes, and leave their books and papers. Most of these young men
were working at neighborhood businesses in addition to attending college, but some were still of high
school age. As is the penchant of youth, they flattered their ―arrangement‖ with various undoubtedly
picturesque names – most of which are unknown to us. In 1955 Warren A. Cole described one group,
Tombs, as a discussion group useful to its members in preparation for examinations. ―I was popular with
the group because of my shorthand and typing ability developed for recording law lectures.‖
         Perhaps a prank was a major impetus for the establishment of a fraternity. Warren Cole and
Ralph Miles were on a stroll in Boston when they passed a store window in which were displayed a
number of badges resembling high school pins. Finding the insignia to be priced attractively, due to a
manufacturing error, the youths each purchased one of the badges with the object of teasing Cole's former
roommate and an SAE member by suggesting they had established a mysterious new secret society. It
may have been at this time that the name Lambda Chi Alpha was first used.
         In the 1950's Cole stated that one earlier group name, Lambda Pi, was chosen because he had
found no other fraternity name beginning with Lambda in a directory. Several envelopes in the archives
bear sketches on the back of a monogram for Lambda Pi in such a manner as to form these letters plus an
A. The third letter seems not to have been intentional: perhaps it was inspirational.
         Information about the early years is also sketchy. It is quite clear that Cole exaggerated and
distorted the circumstances in some of his correspondence. At times he reported new chapters or
petitioners when they were but hopes or cautious inquiries. On occasion the tactic backfired. A group at
Dartmouth broke off correspondence in October 1912 when their investigation showed the chapters roll to
be shorter than the claimed five Zetas. But such was a necessary instrument in Cole's grand design;
without it even his magnetic personality would have been inadequate as he corresponded with or visited
117 colleges and universities in the Northeast before the acquisition of a single additional chapter.

        (Continued…if you wish)

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                                   Bonus Section: Hodgepodge

        Epsilon-Nu Zeta was the 128 th chapter to become a part of Lambda Chi Alpha.

        Ever wonder what the house on Kansas Street looked like ―back in the days‖?

        Many of the design elements in our current house are based on the one at 449 E. Kansas.

        The fraternity vegetable …the potato.

        The brass coat of arms found in the ―Blue Room‖ is one of only a handful made. The

        chapter at the University of Missouri – Columbia claimed we stole their copy. There were

        originally twelve made, but only four still exist.

        A spirit known as ―Red Man‖ inhabited the old house. His whereabouts are unknown…

        The chapter lived in two houses (Cardinal & Coventry) for an academic year (‘96 – ‘97).

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                             Week #4 in Review

1.      What was important to you about this week?

2.      What activities did you do with your Big/Little Brother this week?

3.      What did you enjoy / dislike about the week?

4.      How can we improve this week's orientation program?

5.      What did you do together this week to make the chapter better?

Date Completed ____________
                                             BB ______________________________________
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             LB ______________________________________

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