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Behavioural model

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					Behavioural model

Underlying assumptions
                             Criticisms
•   Scientific and testable:
•   The simplicity of the model makes it
    easy to conduct research to test how
    association and rewards affect
    behaviour.
•   Can’t account for all human
    behaviour:
•   There is no doubt that learning theory
    can account for some aspects of
    normal and abnormal behaviour.
•   For example, some individuals develop
    a phobia of dogs after being bitten.
•   However, much of human behaviour is
    more complex than this, as we saw in
    our study of stress.
•   The way we think about things affects
    our responses.
•   Behaviourism disregards thoughts and
    emotions.
Assumptions of the behavioural
           model
               • Learned through conditioning:
                 All behaviour is learned
                 through experience.
               • Only behaviour is important:
                 Behaviourists assume that the
                 mind is an unneccessary
                 concept; it is sufficient to
                 explain behaviour not causes.
               • Same laws apply to human
                 and non human behaviour:
                 Behaviourist principles can be
                 applied both to humans and
                 non humans.
Assumptions of the behaviour model about the
         treatment of abnormality

• What can be learned can
  be unlearned.
• Underisable behaviours
  are identified and then,
  through classical
  conditioning, the patient
  is taught new, more
  desirable behaviours.
• Undesirable behaviours
  may be extinguished by
  breaking stimulus
  response links.
       Focus on symptoms
• The behavioural model focuses on
  behaviour, and thus it follows that the
  treatment should also focus on observable
  behaviour.
• Behavioural clinicians do not consider
  causes.
• This means that the DSM is an unsuitable
  aid to diagnosis.
                Criticisms
• Effective
• Behavioural therapies have been found to
  be effective for some behaviours, such as
  phobias.
• Such therapies have the advantage of
  being quick and requiring little effort on the
  client’s part.
Criticisms
     • Treating the symptoms not the
       causes:
     • Behavioural therapies may not
       work with certain disorders
       because the symptoms are
       only the tip of the iceberg.
     • If you remove the symptoms
       the cause still remains, and the
       smptoms will simply resurface,
       possibly in another form.
     • Ethical issues: Who chooses
       what is right and wrong.

				
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