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Public Health Informatics Competencies

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									Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                         DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                Page 1 of 15



                                           Proficiency Levels
          To accompany the Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention
             National Injury and Violence Prevention Training Initiative (NTI)


Aware: Basic level of mastery of the competency. Individuals may be able to identify the concept or skill
                              but have limited ability to perform the skill.

   Knowledgeable: Intermediate level of mastery of the competency. Individuals are able to apply and
                                         describe the skill.

Proficient: Advanced level of mastery of the competency. Individuals are able to synthesize, critique or
                                            teach the skill.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                              DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                     Page 2 of 15


                                       Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                           With Suggested Proficiency Levels (Aware, Knowledgeable, Proficient) by Workforce Segment

             Competency 1. Ability to describe and explain injury and/or violence as a major social and health problem.

                                                                                               Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                          Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                              IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                           Staff/Educators
    1a. Define injury and describe the concepts of intentionality and
                                                                                Proficient                 Proficient        Aware to knowledgeable
    mechanism as they relate to injury and/or violence.

    1b. Describe how injury and/or violence compare with other
                                                                            Knowledgeable to
    leading causes of morbidity and mortality and with regard to                                           Proficient          Knowledgeable
                                                                               proficient
    burdens on the population.

    1c. Explain how injuries and/or violence are preventable.                   Proficient                 Proficient              Proficient

    1d. Describe an approach to prevention that includes the
    following steps: (1) problem detection/assessment, (2)
    identification of risk and protective factors, (3) development of           Proficient                 Proficient        Aware to knowledgeable
    interventions and (4) evaluation of the effectiveness of
    interventions.

    1e. Explain the continuum of injury and/or violence prevention,
                                                                              Knowledgeable               Proficient             Knowledgeable
    from primary prevention to acute care and rehabilitation.

    1f. Explain the importance of cross-agency collaboration and                                        Knowledgeable to
                                                                          Aware to knowledgeable                                   Proficient
    the role that different agencies play in prevention.                                                   proficient

    1g. Demonstrate how conceptual models (e.g. Haddon Matrix,
    social ecological model, etc.) are used to describe the multiple            Proficient                 Proficient        Aware to knowledgeable
    factors underlying injury and/or violence.

    1h. Describe the effects of a variety of factors (e.g. age, gender,
    race, ethnicity, education, place, access to economic resources,            Proficient                 Proficient                Aware
    sexual orientation, creed, community norms, environment, etc.)
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention     DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                            Page 3 of 15

    on the risks of injury and/or violence mechanisms.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                            DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                   Page 4 of 15



                                      Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                                 With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment

                          Competency 2. Ability to access, interpret, use and present injury and/or violence data.

                                                                                              Health Department Workforce
             Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                        Injury Prevention
                  Learning Objectives                                                              IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                         Staff/Educators
    2a. Explain the importance of data for use in program planning
    and evaluation, advocating for injury and/or violence                 Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                          Proficient           Knowledgeable
    prevention and understanding a given community’s unique                  proficient
    needs.

    2b. Be able to describe and understand key sources of data at
                                                                           Knowledgeable to
    the national, state and community level and describe their                                            Proficient              Aware
                                                                             proficient
    strengths and weaknesses.

    2c. Describe and understand the strengths and weaknesses of
    the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system and its         Proficient                  Proficient              Aware
    use.

    2d. Understand and describe the differences between primary
    (you collect the data) and secondary data (you use someone            Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                          Proficient              Aware
    else’s data) and provide examples of appropriate uses of each            proficient
    method.

    2e. Understand the ethical issues involved in the collection and
                                                                             Proficient                    Proficient           Knowledgeable
    use of data.

    2f. Define quantitative and qualitative forms of data and give
    examples of their use in constructing and/or evaluating injury        Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                          Proficient              Aware
    and/or violence prevention programs. Describe the benefits and           proficient
    limitations of each kind of data.

    2g. Describe the types of data that may be useful in conducting           Proficient                  Proficient              Aware
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention             DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                    Page 5 of 15

    an assets and needs assessment of a community of interest.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                              DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                     Page 6 of 15



                                        Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                                   With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment


                       Competency 3. Ability to design and implement injury and/or violence prevention activities.

                                                                                                Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                            Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                               IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                             Staff/Educators
    3a. Identify and explain the roles of national, state and local level
    agencies and organizations that can serve as resources for                    Proficient                Proficient              Aware
    prevention efforts.

    3b. Explain the role and benefits of collaboration in prevention
                                                                                  Proficient                Proficient           Knowledgeable
    efforts.

    3c. Identify types/examples of current and potential
    stakeholders/partners and their current prevention activities.                Proficient                Proficient              Aware

    3d. Describe how to identify and prioritize injury and violence
                                                                                  Proficient                Proficient           Knowledgeable
    problems.

    3e. Describe how to locate and evaluate the best sources of
    information (or “evaluation”) available on which to base choices               Proficient                Proficient              Aware
    about intervention.

    3f. Demonstrate the use of a conceptual model (e.g. Haddon
    Matrix, social ecological model, etc.) for identifying intervention           Proficient                Proficient              Aware
    opportunities.

    3g. Provide examples of interventions that use
    education/behavior change, legislation/enforcement and
    technology/engineering to prevent injuries and/or violence.                   Proficient                Proficient              Aware
    Describe how they can work together to create a comprehensive
    program.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                  DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                         Page 7 of 15


    3h. For a given injury or violence problem, choose and justify an
    intervention based on 1) relevant data, 2) characteristics of the
    intended audience, 3) a conceptual model or theory (e.g. social       Proficient    Proficient      Aware
    ecological model, stages of change, etc.) and 4) evidence related
    to “best practice.”

    3i. Design an implementation plan, to include a description of
    the intended audience, goals and objectives, proposed activities,   Knowledgeable   Proficient      Aware
    evaluation component, timeline and resources.

    3j. Describe and understand how cultural, socio-economical,
    political and physical environment factors may influence a            Proficient    Proficient   Knowledgeable
    prevention effort.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                              DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                     Page 8 of 15


                                       Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                               With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment
Class 1. Effective Use of INFORMATION


                                Competency 4. Ability to evaluate injury and/or violence prevention initiatives.

                                                                                               Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                          Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                              IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                           Staff/Educators
    4a. Understand the importance of evaluation and why evaluation
                                                                                Proficient                 Proficient            Knowledgeable
    should be done.

    4b. Understand how evaluation should be integrated into
                                                                                Proficient                 Proficient            Knowledgeable
    intervention design and implementation.

    4c. Describe formative, process, impact and outcome evaluation
                                                                                Proficient                 Proficient            Knowledgeable
    and describe when and how to use each of these.

    4d. Describe the use of qualitative and quantitative methods in
    evaluation and explain the benefits and limitations of each                 Proficient                 Proficient            Knowledgeable
    method.

    4e. Understand effective means of communicating evaluation
    results as well as the role of evaluation in identifying the key
                                                                               Knowledgeable                Proficient            Knowledgeable
    components of an intervention that are effective, for whom they
    are effective and under what conditions they are effective.

    4f. Identify potential stakeholders/partners and resources to
                                                                           Aware to knowledgeable           Proficient        Aware to knowledgeable
    assist in conducting an evaluation.

    4g. Identify potential barriers to specific types of evaluation and
                                                                                   Aware                    Proficient                Aware
    approaches to overcome these.

    4h. Develop an evaluation plan for an intervention.                            Aware                    Proficient                Aware
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                            DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                   Page 9 of 15


                                        Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                               With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment


                        Competency 5. Ability to build and manage an injury and/or violence prevention program.

                                                                                              Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                          Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                             IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                           Staff/Educators
   5a. Describe how to establish and maintain an advisory group to
   assist with the development and monitoring of goals for injury
                                                                                Proficient                Proficient              Aware
   and/or violence prevention within a population (e.g. a
   community, a state, among children, among Latinos, etc).

   5b. Develop a long-range plan for injury and/or violence
   prevention and identify issues that may impact program goals and          Knowledgeable                Proficient           Knowledgeable
   sustainability.

   5c. Identify key funding sources for injury and/or violence
                                                                             Knowledgeable                Proficient           Knowledgeable
  prevention activities.

   5d. Prepare a proposal for funding from an external source.               Knowledgeable                Proficient              Aware

   5e. Demonstrate the ability to create and manage a budget.                 Knowledgeable                Proficient             Proficient

   5f. Demonstrate the ability to prioritize the allocation of
                                                                             Knowledgeable                Proficient             Proficient
   resources (e.g. personnel, financial, space, time, equipment, etc.).

   5g. Develop a plan for hiring, supervising and promoting the                                        Knowledgeable to
                                                                                 Aware                                           Proficient
   professional development of staff.                                                                     proficient

   5h. Demonstrate knowledge of ethical issues that may arise in
                                                                                Proficient                Proficient           Knowledgeable
   injury and/or violence prevention practice.

   5i. Describe ways that injury and/or violence prevention can be              Proficient                Proficient              Aware
   integrated into other programs and identify common barriers to
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                      DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                            Page 10 of 15

   integration.

   5j. Demonstrate the ability to leverage program success to further
                                                                           Proficient      Proficient      Proficient
   program growth.

   5k. Demonstrate the ability to develop and use performance           Knowledgeable to                Knowledgeable to
                                                                                           Proficient
   standards to monitor program success.                                   proficient                      proficient
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                               DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                     Page 11 of 15


                                        Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                               With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment


     Competency 6. Ability to disseminate information related to injury and/or violence prevention to the community, other
                   professionals, key policy makers and leaders through diverse communication networks.

                                                                                                 Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                            Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                                IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                             Staff/Educators
    6a. Identify and differentiate the components and methods of
                                                                              Knowledgeable to                                   Knowledgeable to
    designing and delivering effective messages for different                                                Proficient
                                                                                 proficient                                         proficient
    audiences.

    6b. Demonstrate the ability to prepare different types of written
    documents (e.g. written testimony, public health brief, fact
                                                                              Knowledgeable to
    sheet, press release, letter to the editor, policy statement, website                                    Proficient               Aware
                                                                                 proficient
    content, etc.) to effectively communicate information about
    injury and/or violence.

    6c. Be able to serve as a resource to the public, media and policy
                                                                              Knowledgeable to
    makers when appropriate and be able to provide referrals to                                              Proficient           Knowledgeable
                                                                                 proficient
    other sources.

    6d. Demonstrate the ability to be effectively interviewed by both         Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                             Proficient             Proficient
    broadcast and print media on an injury and/violence topic.                   proficient

    6e. Participate in the preparation of a professional report or
    publication that addresses an injury and/or violence prevention             Knowledgeable                 Proficient             Proficient
    finding or theory.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                                DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                      Page 12 of 15



                                       Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                              With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment


 Competency 7. Ability to stimulate change related to injury and/or violence prevention through policy, enforcement, advocacy
                                                         and education.

                                                                                              Health Department Workforce
              Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                        Injury Prevention
                   Learning Objectives                                                             IP Supervisory Staff         Senior Managers
                                                                         Staff/Educators
    7a. Develop and implement a marketing plan to promote an               Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                           Proficient              Knowledgeable
    injury and/or violence prevention program.                                proficient

    7b. Describe the differences between educating, lobbying and           Knowledgeable to
    advocacy as tools to stimulate change in the community.                                                Proficient                Proficient
                                                                              proficient

    7c. Identify key prevention policies, laws or regulations that         Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                           Proficient              Knowledgeable
    address injury and/or violence.                                           proficient

    7d. Identify gaps in policies, laws, regulations and enforcement
                                                                           Knowledgeable to
    that, if addressed, could reduce injury and/or violence in the                                         Proficient                 Aware
                                                                              proficient
    community.

    7e. Identify potential partners and opponents in influencing
    policies, laws, regulations and enforcement and distinguish their          Proficient                   Proficient                 Aware
    roles.

    7f. Describe the role the media and other communication
    channels play in public education and how to utilize these
                                                                             Knowledgeable                Proficient                  Proficient
    channels to shape public opinion about injury and/or violence
    prevention.

    7g. Identify information on the cost of injury and/or violence
                                                                         Aware to Knowledgeable           Proficient                  Proficient
    and be able to describe its application in policy making.

    7h. Demonstrate the ability to work effectively with                       Proficient         Knowledgeable to proficient       Knowledgeable
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                      Page 13 of 15

    advocacy/survivor groups (e.g. MADD, etc.) to advance the
    injury and/or violence prevention policies, laws or regulations.

    7i. Demonstrate the ability to use research and evaluation to
    inform the development of policy, advocacy and education              Aware to knowledgeable   Proficient   Aware to knowledgeable
    initiatives.

    7j. Demonstrate the ability to translate policy into organizational
    plans and programs.                                                           Aware            Proficient         Proficient

    7k. Understand how policy change can have positive or negative
                                                                              Knowledgeable        Proficient         Proficient
    effects on injury and/or violence outcomes.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                        DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                              Page 14 of 15



                                      Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                              With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment
Class 1. Effective Use of INFORMATION


    Competency 8. Ability to maintain and further develop competency as an injury and/or violence prevention professional.


                                                                                          Health Department Workforce
             Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                     Injury Prevention
                  Learning Objectives                                                          IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                      Staff/Educators

    8a. Demonstrate the ability to access and use key journal and
    electronic resources to obtain updated information regarding           Proficient                 Proficient           Knowledgeable
    injury and/or violence prevention.


    8b. Identify key professional organizations related to injury
    and/or violence prevention and describe how these                      Proficient                 Proficient             Proficient
    organizations can assist in maintaining and developing skills.


    8c. Identify a potential mentor/advisor who has experience in
                                                                       Knowledgeable to
    injury and/or violence prevention and can assist with                                             Proficient              Aware
                                                                          proficient
    professional development.


    8d. Identify and describe training resources, conferences and
    courses that would be appropriate for learning new information
                                                                           Proficient                 Proficient              Aware
    on injury and/or violence prevention strategies, research and
    best practices.
Core Competencies for Injury and Violence Prevention                                                                          DRAFT 4/6/10
                                                                                                                                Page 15 of 15



                                      Injury and Violence Prevention Competencies
                                              With Suggested Proficiency Levels by Workforce Segment
Class 1. Effective Use of INFORMATION


  Competency 9. Demonstrate the knowledge, skills and best practices necessary to address at least one specific injury and/or
  violence topic (e.g. motor vehicle occupant injury, intimate partner violence, fire and burns, suicide, drowning, child injur y,
                                   etc.) and be able to serve as a resource regarding that area.

                                                                                            Health Department Workforce
             Injury and Violence Prevention
                                                                       Injury Prevention
                  Learning Objectives                                                            IP Supervisory Staff     Senior Managers
                                                                        Staff/Educators

  9a. Describe the causes and characteristics of the specific injury     Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                        Proficient              Aware
  and/or violence topic.                                                    proficient

                                                                         Knowledgeable to
  9b. Identify major sources of data related to the problem.                                            Proficient              Aware
                                                                            proficient

  9c. Identify at-risk populations and stakeholders.                         Proficient                 Proficient           Knowledgeable


  9d. Describe major risk and protective factors.                            Proficient                 Proficient              Aware


  9e. Demonstrate the ability to apply varied approaches to              Knowledgeable to
                                                                                                        Proficient           Knowledgeable
  prevention, including the use of evidence-based information               proficient
  and/or best practices.




Class 1. Effective Use of INFORMATION

								
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