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Lista tytułów książek dostępna w bazie danych Knovel Title Author/Editor Description This internationally recognized code establishes rules of safety governing the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. An American national standard, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II - Materials, contains four parts that efficiently organize the important materials data used in ASME code design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. It covers every aspect of boiler and pressure vessels from design to fabrication, including use of 2004 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel materials, welding, and nondestructive testing. The Electronic Stress Code, Section II - Materials (Includes Tables, Part D - Properties, are interactive, and all of the content is full- 2005 Addenda) n/a text searchable. This 2002 book contains a list of all substances that are either known to be carcinogens or may be reasonably anticipated to be carcinogens, to which a significant number of US residents are exposed. Information is provided on the nature of such exposure and the estimated number of persons exposed to such substances. This book does not address or attempt to balance potential benefits of exposures to certain carcinogenic substances in special situations. Numerous drugs used to treat cancer have been shown to increase the occurrence of secondary cancers. In these instances, the benefits of exposure to the drugs for treatment or prevention of a specific disease have been determined by the FDA to outweigh the additional cancer risks associated with their 10th Report on Carcinogens n/a use. This 2000 guidebook was developed for use by firefighters, police, and other emergency services personnel who may be the first to arrive at the scene of a transportation incident involving a hazardous material. It is primarily a guide to aid first responders to identify quickly the specific or generic classification of the material(s) involved in the incident, and in protecting themselves and the general public during this initial response phase of the incident. It does not address all possible circumstances 2000 Emergency Response Guidebook n/a that may be associated with a dangerous goods incident. This internationally recognized code establishes rules of safety governing the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. An American national standard, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II - Materials, contains four parts that efficiently organize the important materials data used in ASME code design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. It covers every aspect of boiler and pressure vessels from design to fabrication, 2001 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel including use of materials, welding, and nondestructive testing. The Code, Section II - Materials (Includes Electronic Stress Tables, Part D - Properties, are interactive, and all of 2002 and 2003 Addenda) n/a the content is full-text searchable. This internationally recognized code establishes rules of safety governing the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels. An American national standard, the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II - Materials, contains four parts that efficiently organize the important materials data used in ASME code design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. It covers every aspect of boiler and pressure vessels from design to fabrication, including use of materials, welding, and nondestructive testing. The properties for the Electronic Stress Tables in Part D are given in 2004 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Customary and, new this year, Metric units of measurement. They are Code, Section II - Materials n/a interactive, and all of the content is full-text searchable. This 2001 book is a scientific and public health document first ordered by Congress in 1978 to educate both the public and health professionals in the recognition that many cancers are apparently induced by chemicals in the home, workplace, general environment and from the use of certain drugs. It is important to understand that this book identifies potential cancer hazards. A listing in this book does not by itself establish that a substance presents a cancer risk to an individual in daily life. It is also important to note that this book does not address or attempt to balance potential benefits of exposures to certain carcinogenic substances in special situations. For example, numerous drugs used to treat cancer have been shown to increase the occurrence of secondary cancers. In these instances, the benefits of exposure to the drugs for treatment or prevention of a specific disease have been determined by the FDA to outweigh the additional cancer risks 9th Report on Carcinogens n/a associated with their use. Created by the Society of Plastics Engineers, ANTEC (an acronym for "Annual Technical Conference") is the largest plastics technical conference in the world. ANTEC 1996, which took place in Indianapolis, Indiana, was the Society's 54th consecutive gathering of plastics experts and professionals. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermosets, Blow Molding, Mold Making and Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites. ANTEC 1996 Plastics: Plastics - Racing Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of into the Future, Volume 1: Processing n/a volume three. All those who make up polymer research, development, processing, and reclamation learned more about the industry as it entered the millennium. There were numerous advanced technical sessions and diverse interaction among the experts in the industry. Divisions: Electrical and Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Plastic Analysis, Advanced ANTEC 1996 Plastics: Plastics - Racing Polymer Composites, Alloys and Blends. Complete Author Index for all into the Future, Volume 2: Materials n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 1996 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field. Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Total Quality SID, Vinyl Plastics, ANTEC 1996 Plastics: Plastics - Racing Students Division. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is into the Future, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a contained at the end of volume three. Created by the Society of Plastics Engineers, ANTEC (an acronym for "Annual Technical Conference") is the largest plastics technical conference in the world. ANTEC 1997, which took place in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, was the Society's 55th consecutive gathering of plastics experts and professionals. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making and ANTEC 1997 Plastics: Plastics Saving Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites. Planet Earth, Volume 1: Processing Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of n/a volume three. All those who make up polymer research, development, processing, and reclamation learned more about the industry as it entered the millennium. There were numerous advanced technical sessions and diverse interaction among the experts in the industry. Divisions: Electrical and Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, ANTEC 1997 Plastics: Plastics Saving Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Plastic Analysis, Advanced Planet Earth, Volume 2: Materials Polymer Composites, Alloys and Blends. Complete Author Index for all n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 1997 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field. Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic ANTEC 1997 Plastics: Plastics Saving Elastomers, Education and Training, Total Quality SID, Vinyl Plastics, Planet Earth, Volume 3: Special Areas Students Division. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is n/a contained at the end of volume three. Created by the Society of Plastics Engineers, ANTEC (an acronym for "Annual Technical Conference") is the largest plastics technical conference in the world. ANTEC 1998, which took place in Atlanta, Georgia, was the Society's 56th consecutive gathering of plastics experts and professionals. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making/Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites, Rotational ANTEC 1998 Plastics: Plastics on My Molding. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Mind, Volume 1: Processing n/a end of volume three. All those who make up polymer research, development, processing, and reclamation learned more about the industry as it entered the millennium. There were many various advanced technical sessions and diverse interaction among the experts of the industry.Divisions: Electrical and Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Polymer Analysis Joint with Engineering and Properties and Structure, Composites, Alloys and ANTEC 1998 Plastics: Plastics on My Blends. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Mind, Volume 2: Materials n/a end of volume three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 1998 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field.Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development Failure, Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Students Division, Poster ANTEC 1998 Plastics: Plastics on My Presentations, Fundamentals Forum. Complete Author Index for all Mind, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. ANTEC - the Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) - is the foremost annual presentation of new plastics technology. All important areas are covered: polymeric materials research and development, advances in processing, and new developments in applications. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making/Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites, Rotational ANTEC 1999 Plastics: Bridging the Molding. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Millennia, Volume 1: Processing n/a end of volume three. ANTEC - the Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE) - is the foremost annual presentation of new plastics technology. All-important areas are covered: polymeric materials research and development, advances in processing, and new developments in applications. Divisions: Electrical and Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Polymer Analysis Joint with Engineering and Properties and ANTEC 1999 Plastics: Bridging the Structure, Composites, Alloys and Blends. Complete Author Index for all Millennia, Volume 2: Materials n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 1999 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field. Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development Failure, Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Students Division, Poster ANTEC 1999 Plastics: Bridging the Presentations, Fundamentals Forum. Complete Author Index for all Millennia, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. Created by the Society of Plastics Engineers, ANTEC (an acronym for "Annual Technical Conference") is the largest plastics technical conference in the world. ANTEC 2000, which took place in Orlando, Florida, was the Society's 58th consecutive gathering of plastics experts and professionals. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making/Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites, Rotational ANTEC 2000 Plastics: The Magical Molding. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Solution, Volume 1: Processing n/a end of volume three. All those who make up polymer research, development, processing, and reclamation learned more about the industry as it entered the millennium. There were many various advanced technical sessions and diverse interaction among the experts of the industry.Divisions: Electrical and Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Polymer Analysis Joint with Engineering and Properties and Structure, Composites, Alloys and ANTEC 2000 Plastics: The Magical Blends. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Solution, Volume 2: Materials n/a end of volume three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 2000 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field.Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development Failure, Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Students Division, Poster ANTEC 2000 Plastics: The Magical Presentations, Fundamentals Forum. Complete Author Index for all Solution, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. Created by the Society of Plastics Engineers, ANTEC (an acronym for "Annual Technical Conference") is the largest plastics technical conference in the world. ANTEC 2001, which took place in Dallas, Texas, was the Society's 59th consecutive gathering of plastics experts and professionals. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making/Mold Design, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics and Composites, Rotational ANTEC 2001 Plastics: The Lone Star, Molding. Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the Volume 1: Processing n/a end of volume three. All those who make up polymer research, development, processing, and reclamation learned more about the industry as it entered the millennium. There were many various advanced technical sessions and diverse interaction among the experts of the industry. Divisions: Electrical and Electronic Division, Engineering Properties and Structure Division, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams Division, Polymer Analysis Division, Composites Division, Alloys and Blends Division. Complete ANTEC 2001 Plastics: The Lone Star, Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of volume Volume 2: Materials n/a three. Throughout the history of ANTEC, attendees have praised the tenor and scope of the presentations. As in the past, ANTEC 2001 continued to focus on new technology in special forums. The objective was to provide a broad overview of some of the more recent exciting scientific developments in this fast-developing field. Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Decorating and Assembly, Medical Plastics, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Recycling, Product Design and Development, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Vinyl Division, Process Monitoring and Control, Students, Poster Papers, ANTEC 2001 Plastics: The Lone Star, Fundamentals Forum, New Technology Forums. Complete Author Index Volume 3: Special Areas n/a for all three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. The Annual Technical Conference (ANTEC) of the Society of Plastics Engineers is the largest international technical gathering of individuals who represent industry, government, and academia within the field of plastics. Engineers, scientists, and business professionals attend ANTEC annually to share ideas, learn about the latest advances in technology, and network with their peers. Divisions: Extrusion, Injection Molding, Thermoforming, Thermoset, Blow Molding, Mold Making/Mold Design, Injection Molding, Applied Rheology, Joining of Plastics & ANTEC 2002 Plastics: Annual Technical Composites, Rotational Molding. Complete Author Index for all three Conference, Volume 1: Processing n/a volumes is contained at the end of volume three. The Annual Technical Conference (ANTEC) of the Society of Plastics Engineers is the largest international technical gathering of individuals who represent industry, government, and academia within the field of plastics. Engineers, scientists, and business professionals attend ANTEC annually to share ideas, learn about the latest advances in technology, and network with their peers. Divisions: Electrical & Electronic, Engineering Properties and Structure, Thermoplastic Materials and Foams, Polymer Analysis, Applied Rheology, Polymer Analysis, Composites Division, Engineering Properties and Structure, Alloys and Blends, Extrusion Division, Flexible Packaging. Complete ANTEC 2002 Plastics: Annual Technical Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of volume Conference, Volume 2: Materials n/a three. The Annual Technical Conference (ANTEC) of the Society of Plastics Engineers is the largest international technical gathering of individuals who represent industry, government, and academia within the field of plastics. Engineers, scientists, and business professionals attend ANTEC annually to share ideas, learn about the latest advances in technology, and network with their peers. Divisions: Color and Appearance, Automotive, Decorating and Assembly, Medical Plastics, Polymer Analysis, Marketing and Management, Polymer Modifiers and Additives, Plastics Environmental, Product Design and Development, Decorating and Assembly, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Education and Training, Vinyl, Process Monitoring and Control, Extrusion, Students, Interactive Presentations, ANTEC 2002 Plastics: Annual Technical Fundamentals Forum, New Technology Forums. Complete Author Index Conference, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a for all three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrated its 61st year of excellence in Nashville, May 4-8, 2003. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist achieve new levels of professional and personal development. Features the latest developments in the plastics industry, including 100+ sessions, covering over 800 presentations by plastics ANTEC 2003 Plastics: Annual Technical experts. Volume 1 covers Processing. Complete Author Index for all Conference, Volume 1: Processing n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrated its 61st year of excellence in Nashville, May 4-8, 2003. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist achieve new levels of professional and personal development. Features the latest developments in the plastics industry, including 100+ sessions, covering over 800 presentations by plastics ANTEC 2003 Plastics: Annual Technical experts. Volume 2 covers Materials. Complete Author Index for all three Conference, Volume 2: Materials n/a volumes is contained at the end of volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrated its 61st year of excellence in Nashville, May 4-8, 2003. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist achieve new levels of professional and personal development. Features the latest developments in the plastics industry, including 100+ sessions, covering over 800 presentations by plastics ANTEC 2003 Plastics: Annual Technical experts. Volume 3 covers Special Areas. Complete Author Index for all Conference, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a three volumes is contained at the end of volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference) is sponsored by the Society of Plastics Engineers, and is the leading technical forum for providing cutting-edge technological issues and information pertinent to the needs of the plastics industry. Held only once a year, over 800 multiple peer- reviewed technical papers were presented providing plastics professionals unique inside access to proprietary research and findings. ANTEC 2004 Plastics: Annual Technical Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of Conference, Volume 1: Processing n/a volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference) is sponsored by the Society of Plastics Engineers, and is the leading technical forum for providing cutting-edge technological issues and information pertinent to the needs of the plastics industry. Held only once a year, over 800 multiple peer- reviewed technical papers were presented providing plastics professionals unique inside access to proprietary research and findings. ANTEC 2004 Plastics: Annual Technical Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of Conference, Volume 2: Materials n/a volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference) is sponsored by the Society of Plastics Engineers, and is the leading technical forum for providing cutting-edge technological issues and information pertinent to the needs of the plastics industry. Held only once a year, over 800 multiple peer- reviewed technical papers were presented providing plastics professionals unique inside access to proprietary research and findings. ANTEC 2004 Plastics: Annual Technical Complete Author Index for all three volumes is contained at the end of Conference, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a volume three. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrates its 63rd year of excellence in Boston. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics ANTEC 2005 Plastics: Annual Technical industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist Conference, Volume 1: Processing n/a achieve new levels of professional and personal development. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrates its 63rd year of excellence in Boston. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics ANTEC 2005 Plastics: Annual Technical industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist Conference, Volume 2: Materials n/a achieve new levels of professional and personal development. ANTEC (Annual Technical Conference), sponsored by Society of Plastics Engineers, celebrates its 63rd year of excellence in Boston. As the largest peer-reviewed technical conference to serve the plastics ANTEC 2005 Plastics: Annual Technical industry, ANTEC is perfectly positioned to help the plastics specialist Conference, Volume 3: Special Areas n/a achieve new levels of professional and personal development. This handbook provides standards and guidelines for getting the most from some of the most exciting wood based materials available in construction today. Let this book help you; Cut building costs and improve building performance by using glued wood composites featuring enhanced performance characteristics. Gain a better understanding and discover new applications for plywood, oriented strand board (OSB), prefabricated wood I-joists, laminated veneer lumber (LVL), glued laminated timber (glulam), and other related glued wood products. Get the latest design recommendations for shear walls and diaphragms, and find up-to-date information on mechanical connections. APA Engineered Wood Handbook Williamson, T.G. This monograph is devoted to the activation and various transformations of saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), i.e. reactions accompanied by the C-H and C-C bond cleavage. Alkanes are the main constituents of oil and natural gas, and consequently are the principal feedstocks for the chemical industry. On the other hand, these substances are known to be the least reactive organic compounds. Special attention is paid to the recently found alkane activations in the presence of metal complexes, which are described in more detail. In addition to the reactions of saturated hydrocarbons which are the main topic of this book, the activation of C-H bonds in arenes and even olefins and acetylenes are considered. The monograph will be useful not only for those who are Activation and Catalytic Reactions of Shilov, Alexander interested in the activation of alkanes and other hydrocarbons by metal Saturated Hydrocarbons in the Presence E.; Shul'pin, complexes, but also for specialists in homogeneous and heterogeneous of Metal Complexes Georgiy, B. catalysis, petrochemistry, and organometallic chemistry. Current applications for bonding and sealing are expensive and time- consuming. This book presents a state-of-the-art method for improving bonds and sealing strength between different materials underwater and in the human body. This time- and cost-efficient technology will allow Veselovsky, R.A.; engineers to create or repair stronger seals in underwater pipes, repair Adhesion of Polymers Kestelman, V.N. ships at sea, even bond and seal tissues in the body. The second edition of this widely accepted Industrial guide contains descriptions of more than 2,500 adhesives, sealants, and coatings, which are available to the electronics and related industries. The book, greatly expanded from the previous edition, is the result of information received from 80 manufacturers and distributors of these products. The data, including product specifications, represent selections from the manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent information has been included. It is believed that all of the products Adhesives, Sealants and Coatings for the listed are currently available, which will be of interest to readers Electronics Industry Flick, E.W. concerned with product discontinuances. This book, the first of two volumes, contains a series of independent chapters, focusing on different aspects of ceramics processing. The aim is to offer the views of leading experts as to the current state-of-the-art Advanced Ceramic Processing and of a number of ceramics processing options and, most importantly, the Technology Binner, J.G.P. future directions which they see their fields taking. This book bridges the gap between elementary dynamics and advanced specialist applications in engineering. A uniform approach has been Harrison, H.R.; adopted using standard terminology and notation in several subject Advanced Engineering Dynamics Nettleton, T. areas, including road vehicle stability, aircraft stability and robotics. This book contains nine chapters covering advanced processing applications and technologies. It provides descriptions of industry Cheremisinoff, developments for unique products and fabrication methods. Contributors Advanced Polymer Processing Operations N.P. include professionals from industry and academia. This book introduces the basic concepts which apply over the whole range of new technologies covered by engineering thermodynamics. It considers new approaches to cycles, enabling their irreversibility to be taken into account; a detailed study of combustion to show how the chemical energy in a fuel is converted into thermal energy and emissions; an analysis of fuel cells to give an understanding of the direct conversion of chemical energy to electrical power; a detailed study of property relationships to enable more sophisticated analyses to be made of both high and low temperature plant; and irreversible Winterbone, thermodynamics, whose principles might hold a key to new ways of Advanced Thermodynamics for Engineers Desmond E. efficiently converting energy to power. This Handbook offers information on the manufacturing, testing and marketing of aerosol products. There is technical information dealing with propellants, crimping, and testing as well as flammability and toxicology with considerable discussion of safety considerations and government regulations. This text will be of interest to anyone with even a marginal interest in aerosol products, but invaluable to Johnsen, Montfort management and production personnel, aerosol marketers, custom Aerosol Handbook (2nd Edition) A. fillers and suppliers. In recent years, industry has become increasingly interested in modern aerosol measurement methods, not only to protect the health of their workers but also to augment productivity and thereby gain competitive advantage. This book offers scientists and practitioners the fundamental principles used in deciding which aerosol properties to measure and how to interpret the results. Divided into three parts, the material reviews the physical understanding of aerosols, covers specific instrumental techniques, and explains applications in fields ranging from health care Aerosol Measurement - Principles, to mining and upper-atmosphere research. Two new chapters have Techniques, and Applications (2nd Baron, Paul A.; been added: one on historical aspects of aerosol measurements and the Edition) Willeke, Klaus other on real-time single particle analysis. This book details the results of accelerated heat ageing studies undertaken on re-mixed samples of those materials studied for the natural ageing study and on the 20 new compounds chosen to represent polymers not available in 1958 and to reflect changes in compounding practice. In addition to those properties studied for artificial weathering exposures, compression set and dynamic properties were also measured. The results of all these tests are again presented graphically and tabulated, allowing the rate of deterioration of properties Brown, R.P.; to be followed. As the number of graphs are too voluminous to be Ageing of Rubber - Accelerated Heat Butler, T.; Hawley, reproduced in total, those for hardness, tensile strength, elongation at Ageing Test Results S.W. break, and 100% modulus are given. This report details the results of the artificial weathering and ozone exposure tests and makes comparisons with the results after natural ageing. The following properties were selected for monitoring the artificial weathering exposures: Tensile strength; Elongation at break; Stress at 100% elongation; Stress at 300% elongation, and Microhardness. These properties correspond to properties monitored in the natural ageing program. The results of all these tests are presented graphically in this report, which allows the rate of property Brown, R.P.; deterioration and the influence of the environment to be clearly seen. Ageing of Rubber - Accelerated Butler, T.; Hawley, Properties after the accelerated ageing are also tabulated, with Weathering and Ozone Test Results S.W. calculations of percentage change. Enormous increases in agricultural productivity can properly be associated with the use of chemicals. This statement applies equally to crop production through the use of fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides, as to livestock production and the associated use of drugs, steroids, and other growth accelerators. This 5th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology explores a variety of issues, which currently are subject to wide-ranging debate and are of concern not only to the Agricultural Chemicals and the Hester R.E.; scientific establishment and to students, but also to farmers, Environment Harrison, R.M. landowners, manager, legislators, and to the general public. This book is a comprehensively illustrated, self-contained and highly readable account of the evolution of the air engine, of the many variants of the basic principle, of the methods available for design, and of current and future applications. This wide-ranging treatment spans the entire subject from previously undisclosed technical details of Robert Stirling's original invention of 1816 through to engines currently under Finkelstein, development. The treatment of the regenerator is the most Theodor; Organ, straightforward yet published, allowing wire diameter and mesh number Air Engines Allan, J. for best operation to be read from tables and charts. This book examines the types of chemicals found in the polymer industry and the potential hazards. It goes on to explain the common chemical reactions of concern to health and safety. Monitoring methods are described in some detail together with their limitations. This is Air Monitoring in the Rubber and Plastics essentially a practical book giving a background to the chemistry of the Industries Willoughby, B.G. polymer industry and chemical monitoring methods. This 10th volume in the Issues in Environmental Science and Technology series provides a comprehensive review of air pollution and health that complements the 9th volume covering air quality management. Dealing with the common gaseous and particulate air pollutants, including chemical carcinogens, this volume reviews the Hester, R.E.; epidemiological and exposure chamber study research and considers Air Pollution and Health Harrison, R.M. mechanistic studies in the case of particulate matter. This 8th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology provides comprehensive coverage of the air quality management issue. There are chapters on improving air quality in the UK, the construction of emissions inventories and the design and operation of air monitoring networks. Validation of air pollution models is described, as is the use of Hester, R.E.; "critical loads" to determine the maximum allowable inputs of pollutants Air Quality Management Harrison, R.M. to the terrestrial environment. This book focuses on the history, main principles, functions, modes, properties, and specific nature of modern airborne radar. It examines radar's role within the system and shows its possibilities as well as its limitations. A concluding section describes how radar may evolve in the future given the changing operational requirements and the potential opened up by modern technological developments. The authors review the current state of the main types of airborne and spaceborne radar systems, designed for specific missions as well as for the global environment of their host aircraft or satellites. They include numerous examples of the parameters of these radars.The authors review the current state of the main types of airborne and spaceborne radar systems, designed for specific missions as well as for the global environment of their host aircraft or satellites. They include numerous Lacomme, P.; examples of the parameters of these radars. The emphasis in the book Hardange, J-P.; is not only on a particular radar technique, but equally on the main radar Air and Spaceborne Radar Systems - An Marchais, J-C.; functions and missions. Even if a wide range of techniques are Introduction Normant, E. described in this book, the focus is on those which are connected to This book describes alternative formulations and packaging techniques for the reduction or elimination of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) use as an aerosol propellant. Use of CFCs in specific categories of aerosols considered "nonessential" was banned by the U.S. in 1978. Recent renewed interest in further reducing worldwide production and consumption of CFCs, and other chemicals implicated in the depletion of Alternative Formulations and Packaging to the earth's stratospheric ozone layer, is responsible for this study, which Reduce Use of Chlorofluorocarbons Nelson, T.P.; covers currently exempted and excluded CFC aerosol applications and (CFCs) Wevill, S.L their alternatives. The Knovel Aluminum Database is a comprehensive summary of the chemical, mechanical, and physical properties of both wrought and cast aluminum alloys including a wide variety of types of cast aluminum alloys. The values are "typical," as used in aluminum industry publications, to represent the average or mean and not any statistically calculated values intended for design.Among the properties included are: Nominal Chemical Compositions and Composition Limits, Density and Specific Gravity, Average Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, Melting Range, Thermal and Electrical Conductivity, Electrical Resistivity, Specific Heat, Poisson's Ratio, Coefficient of Friction, Ultimate Tensile Strength, Tensile Yield Strength, Elongation, Brinell Hardness Number, Kaufman, J. Ultimate Shear Strength, and Modulus of Elasticity. Some fatigue and Aluminum Alloy Database Gilbert toughness property indices are also included. This book provides a central source of information of tried and tested techniques on the analysis of rubber and rubber-like polymers with an impartial assessment of their validity. Rubber products are ubiquitous and impinge daily on all aspects of life. They range from health-related and medical products through literally hundreds of components in every motor vehicle to heavy engineering products such as earthquake- resistant bearings which form the foundations of a growing number of buildings. This unique book continues the tradition of the earlier editions by providing a systemic analytical approach to answering virtually any query about the composition of a rubber product, its safety for a specific purpose or its reason for failing in service. It is essential reading for Analysis of Rubber and Rubber-Like Loadman, M. John anyone working in the area of rubber product manufacture or Polymers (4th Edition) R. commercial usage. The accurate measurement of additives in food is essential in meeting both regulatory requirements and the need of consumers for accurate information about the products they eat. This book addresses this important problem for 26 major additives. In each case, the authors review current research to establish the best available methods and how they should be used. The book covers a wide range of additives, from Wood, Roger; azorubine and adipic acid to sunset yellow and saccharin. Each chapter Foster, Lucy; reviews the range of current analytical methods, sets out their Damant, Andrew; performance characteristics, procedures and parameters, and provides Analytical Methods for Food Additives Key, Pauline recommendations on best practice and future research. Antioxidants are an increasingly important ingredient in food processing. Their traditional role involves, as their name suggests, inhibiting the development of oxidative rancidity in fat-based foods, particularly meat and dairy products, and fried foods. However, more recent research has Pokorny, J.; suggested a new role in inhibiting cardiovascular disease and cancer. Antioxidants in Food - Practical Yanishlieva, N.; This book provides a review of the functional role of antioxidants and Applications Gordon, M. discusses how they can be effectively exploited by the food industry. This publication is intended to provide guidance to HAZOP (Hazard and Operability) and What-If review teams associated with the petroleum, petrochemical and chemical industries. It describes the nature, responsibilities, methods and documentation required in the performance of such reviews. This ensures the reviews are conducted in a timely, effective and professional manner as may be prescribed by a company's Process Safety Management (PSM) Policy. This book can Application of HAZOP and What-If Safety be used as a practical reference to prepare the safety review Reviews to the Petroleum, Petrochemical requirements for these industries and their process safety management and Chemical Industries Nolan, D.P. systems. This book is written in a very readable style. It starts by describing the history of the use of textiles in rubber composites and progresses through the technology of yarn production to the details of fabric construction. The five core fabric materials used in rubber reinforcement are covered, i.e., cotton, rayon, polyester, nylon, and aramid. Adhesion of fabrics to the rubber matrix is discussed and tests for measuring adhesion are described. In the second half of the book, specific applications of fabrics in rubber are described in detail: conveyor belting, hose, power transmission belting, and coated fabrics in structural applications. There are also short sections on applications such as hovercraft skirts, air brake chamber diaphragms, and snowmobile Application of Textiles in Rubber Wootton, D.B. tracks. This book bridges the gap between classical analysis and modern applications. Following the chapter on the model building stage, it introduces traditional techniques for solving ordinary differential equations, adding new material on approximate solution methods such as perturbation techniques and elementary numerical solutions. Also includes analytical methods to deal with important classes of finite- Applied Mathematics and Modeling for Rice, Richard G.; difference equations. The last half discusses numerical solution Chemical Engineers Do, Duong, D. techniques and partial differential equations. This book discusses the impact of recent superconducting materials research, indicating research goals which appear realistic and, if reached, would enable diverse commercial applications of the new Applied Superconductivity Wolsky, A.M. materials. This book illustrates practical approaches to recycling solutions, and will provide needed guidance to public officials and other interested parties. This book addresses both art and science aspects of recycling. Many Approaches to Implementing Solid Waste Rogoff, M.J.; communities are faced with difficult choices when it comes to expanding Recycling Facilities Williams, J.F. or maintaining current recycling efforts. Over the past 20 years aqueous organometallic catalysis has found applications in small- scale organic synthesis in the laboratory, as well as in the industrial production of chemicals with a combined output close to one million tons per year. Aqueous/organic two-phase reactions allow easy product, catalyst separation and full catalyst recovery which mean clear benefits not only in economic but also in environmental and green chemistry contexts. Instead of putting together a series of expert reviews of specialized fields, this book attempts to give a comprehensive yet comprehensible description of the various catalytic transformations in Aqueous Organometallic Catalysis Joo, Ferenc aqueous systems. This is the first book to bring BGA, CSP, and Flip Chip together-- teaching design, application, and manufacturing how-tos. As pagers, cell phones, and other portable electronics shrink while demand for features and functions grows, the need for better, faster, smaller, cooler high- density interconnects (HDI) becomes more critical. This book brings you the details you need on this rapidly expanding field in microelectronics Area Array Packaging Handbook Gilleo, K. packaging. The purpose of this manual is to familiarize industry and students with the technology of asphalt in its several forms namely asphalt cement, cutback asphalt, and asphalt emulsions. The laboratory work is designed to develop an understanding of asphalt properties, characteristics, testing procedures, and specifications. The procedures outlined are all derived from ASTM designations and practice as recommended by the Asphalt Institute. Where the particular ASTM method permits alternate procedures, the one more applicable to the Asphalt Materials and Mix Design Manual Kett, Irving available equipment and the teaching situation was chosen. Contaminated land and the methods and legal controls governing its reclamation for subsequent development and use are of great current interest and concern. This 16th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology covers aspects of this subject, ranging from the origins and extent of contaminated land problems, including effects Assessment and Reclamation of Hester, R.E.; on human health, through investigative measures, to specific techniques Contaminated Land Harrison, R.M. of remediation. This new, retitled, edition has been updated and expanded to include more examples from work at UMIST (University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology). It contains over 500 new micrographs to add to the 1,000 in the first edition and includes two new sections on forensic and medical studies. Based on over 25 years of research at UMIST, the book is concerned with how fibres fail under stress. Until comparatively recently little was known about the way in which fibres break. In this book about 20 different modes of fibre failure are examined. Case studies have been selected both from the traditional Hearle, J.W.S.; uses of textiles in clothing and in household products, such as sheets, Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Lomas, B.; Cooke, towels and carpets and also from the study of failure in textile structures Textiles (2nd Edition) W.D. used in industry and engineering, for example seat belts and ropes. Instrumental, especially spectrometric, methods are widely used in analytical laboratories for identification and quantitative determination of complex organic systems, as Dieter Hummel has shown this in earlier works for polymeric materials of all kinds. In this book, Hummel describes the application of vibrational (FTIR, UV, Raman) and mass spectrometries and of other instrumental techniques for identification and structure elucidation of plastics additives, e.g., antioxidants, stabilizers, plasticizers, pigments, rubber chemicals. The state of the art is condensed in numerous tables and figures, which also allow the interpretation of spectra. Especially remarkable is a collection of the Hummel, Dietrich FTIR spectra of 780 selected additives, together with structures and Atlas of Plastics Additives O. legends. The spectra in this book provide samples of these subtle spectral differences and permit comparisons to be made. This volume should prove useful to a large and varied group including the student who wants to know what a protein spectrum looks like, the researcher who would like to know about the "shift to the red" on removing nucleotide Atlas of Protein Spectra in the Ultraviolet Kirschenbaum, contaminants from a protein, and the analyst seeking to learn where the and Visible Regions Donald, M. isosbestic point of a protein in acid and alkali solutions is located. This volume should prove useful to anyone interested in protein spectra. It contains approximately 1150 spectra of proteins obtained under a variety of conditions. Specific examples of possible uses include the following: a hematologist who wishes to see the spectral differences among different hemoglobins; a researcher with the spectrum of a protein he has recently isolated who desires to compare some of its odd Atlas of Protein Spectra in the Ultraviolet Kirschenbaum, spectral features; and a student who desires to know what kind of and Visible Regions, Volume 2 Donald M. spectra proteins are in different solvents. The food industry currently faces an unprecedented level of scrutiny. Consumers are not just concerned about the safety and quality of food products but the way in which they are produced. At the same time the industry has developed new ways of assuring appropriate standards for its products and their methods of production by developing systems Auditing in the Food Industry - From such as TQM and HACCP to identify and manage key steps in Safety and Quality to Environmental and Dillon, M.; Griffith, production. This book provides an authoritative guide to the range of Other Audits C. standards and audits now being used. Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource bridges the gap between recommended practice and the literature, this resource is particularly applicable to safety analyses and accident investigations. Contents include the nature of static electricity, characteristics and effective energies of different static resources, techniques for evaluating static electricity hazards, and general bonding, Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Britton, Laurence grounding, and other techniques used to control static or prevent Chemical Operations (Revised Edition) G. ignition, gases and liquids, powders and hybrid mixtures. This book is designed to help the busy bakery professional find the information they need to solve a problem quickly. It also enables them to understand the causes of baking problems and implement solutions effectively. It is arranged in an easy to use question and answer format, with over 200 frequently asked questions divided into 12 chapters. Each question has a concise, practical, and authoritative answer designed to Cauvain, S.; help maintain product quality and productivity. This book is an ideal Baking Problems Solved Young, L. problem-solving manual for all those involved in professional baking. This second edition continues to innovatively review the toughest concepts in biochemistry for maximum comprehension in a short period of time. Unlike conventional texts or review books that stress memorizing facts, this book stresses the mastering of fundamental concepts, so that the reader truly comprehends the material and feels comfortable applying it. Dr. Gilbert uses simple, jargon-free language Basic Concepts in Biochemistry - A and award-winning teaching techniques including algorithms, Student's Survival Guide (2nd Edition) Gilbert, H.F. mnemonics and clinical examples. This classic dictionary remains an essential reference book for all those who need to know about nutrition, dietetics, food sciences and food technology. The seventh edition provides succinct authoritative definitions of over 5000 terms in nutrition and food technology. Definitions range from abalone and abscisic acid to zymogens and Benders' Dictionary of Nutrition and Food Bender, David A.; zymotachygraph. In addition there is nutrient composition data for 287 Technology (7th Edition) Bender, Arnold E. foods. This book provides a unique and up-to-date insight into the biopharmaceutical industry. Largely written by industrial authors, its scope is multidisciplinary. Several chapters give an overview of the production and medical applications of specific biopharmaceuticals. Other chapters detail additional relevant issues, including the stabilization of biopharmaceutical products, EU biopharmaceutical regulatory affairs and biopharmaceutical patent law. A series of four chapters reviews important validation issues as applied to biopharmaceutical manufacturing. Additional issues considered include Biopharmaceuticals, an Industrial Walsh, Gary; biopharmaceutical information technology as well as viral and non-viral Perspective Murphy, Brendan gene therapy. This book contains much valuable information and scientific hints on a Chiellini, Emo; Gil, modern approach aimed at designing processes and products with Helena; Braunegg, minimal negative environmental impact. Topics include potato starch Gerhart; Burchert, based resilient thermoplastic foams, biomedical applications, Johanna; polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production by activated sludge, fatty Gatenholm, Paul; esterification of plant properties, a comparison of two test systems for Biorelated Polymers - Sustainable van der Zee, measuring the fermentability of biodegradable materials, and the role of Polymer Science and Technology Maarten life cycle assessment for biodegradable bags. A self-study textbook for technicians seeking further education, graduates extending their knowledge base, experienced workers facing changes in jobs, managers unfamiliar with the new technology, and people returning after a career break. Explores some ways biotechnology can provide new routes for producing traditional organic chemical products and enable new products to replace those with environmental or other drawbacks. The aspects discussed include a Brian Currell, R.C.; biocatalyst in organic synthesis, the efficiency of growth and product Van Dam Mieras; formation, the production and diversification of antibiotics, and the Biotechnological Innovations in Chemical Biotol Partners industrial production of amino acids by fermentation and chemo- Synthesis Staff enzymatic methods. This book examines the practices used or considered for biological treatment of water/waste-water and hazardous wastes. The technologies described involve conventional treatment processes, their variations, as well as future technologies found in current research. The book is intended for those seeking an overview to the biotechnological aspects of pollution engineering, and covers the major topics in this field. The Biotechnology for Waste and Wastewater Cheremisinoff, book is divided into five major sections and references are provided for Treatment N.P. those who wish to dig deeper. This first manual in this sequence begins by reviewing the background to the biscuit industry and, in particular, the essential health and safety issues involved. The text then discusses the major categories of Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker ingredient, reviewing them by type, function, handling and storage. The Manufacturing: Manual 1 - Ingredients n/a manual concludes with a section of useful reading and additional study. This second manual in the sequence covers the manufacture of biscuit dough. After an initial discussion of health and safety issues, it reviews types of biscuit dough before looking at the key elements involved in mixing: types of mixer, the mixing process, metering ingredients and handling the dough after mixing. The manual also addresses such common problems as: dealing with dough consistency and quality problems, and handling interruptions in the production sequence. The Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker manual concludes with guidance on the care, cleaning and maintenance Manufacturing: Manual 2 - Biscuit Doughs Manley, D. of equipment and a section of useful reading and additional study. This third manual in the sequence discusses the processes and issues involved in dough piece forming. After an initial discussion of health and safety issues, the manual reviews each of the key processes: sheeting, gauging and cutting; lamination; rotary moulding; extruding, wire cutting and depositing. The manual also addresses such common problems as: extraction of dough pieces from the moulding roll and other moulding problems; and consistency of shape and texture in wire cutting, rout Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker pressing and co-extruding. The manual concludes with guidance on the Manufacturing: Manual 3 - Biscuit Dough care, cleaning and maintenance of equipment and a section of useful Piece Forming Manley, D. reading and additional study. This fourth manual in the sequence covers the baking and cooling of biscuits. After an initial discussion of health and safety issues, the manual reviews: types of oven and baking bands, principles of baking, post baking processes, process control and biscuit cooling and handling. Also addresses such common problems as: ensuring consistency of Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker weight, size and colour; and faults with different kinds of biscuits. The Manufacturing: Manual 4 - Baking and manual concludes with guidance on the care, cleaning and maintenance Cooling of Biscuits Manley, D. of equipment and a section of useful reading and additional study. This fifth manual in the sequence looks at secondary processing in biscuit manufacturing. After an initial discussion of health and safety issues, the manual reviews: chocolate and chocolate flavoured coatings; cream sandwiching; icing of biscuits; and the application of jam, jellies, marshmallow and caramel. Also addresses such common problems as: difficulties at the enrober in the manufacture of chocolate enrobed biscuits; and cream mixing and splitting of creamed sandwiches after Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker cooling or in storage. The manual concludes with guidance on the care, Manufacturing: Manual 5 - Secondary cleaning and maintenance of equipment and a section of useful reading Processing in Biscuit Manufacturing Manley, D. and additional study. This sixth manual in the sequence covers packaging and storage issues. After an initial discussion of health and safety issues, the manual reviews the following areas: function and types of packaging; types of wrapping machines; wrapping operations; post wrapping operations; storage and warehouse handling. Also addresses such common problems as: quality control after wrapping, and faults in stored biscuits Biscuit, Cookie and Cracker such as fat bloom and flavour migration. The manual concludes with Manufacturing: Manual 6 - Biscuit guidance on the care, cleaning and maintenance of equipment and a Packaging and Storage Manley, D. section of useful reading and additional study. Getting the basic formula correct is fundamental to product development and quality. This new book provides a comprehensive selection of over 150 standard commercial biscuit recipes. It begins by investigating some of the key variables in effective recipe development. It then presents a series of recipes for hard-dough products, and extruded and deposited dough products. Further chapters include recipes for sponge biscuits, wafers, and secondary processing such as icing and chocolate coating. The final chapter covers the important area of dietetic products. This excellent book provides unparalleled access to best practice in the industry as well as a wealth of ideas for product development. It is Biscuit, Cracker and Cookie Recipes for designed for the biscuit product developer as an aid in the task of the Food Industry Manley, D. creating and perfecting a biscuit product. Blends of natural rubber with specialty synthetic rubbers, such as nitrile rubber and ethylene propylene rubbers, have, in the past, failed to combine the best properties of polymers, resulting in a poor return in terms of added value from the blending process. The idea of blending synthetic rubbers with natural rubber is certainly not a new one, but it is only now that this can be shown to be possible with consistently positive results, but the use of novel techniques which this book describes, giving valuable information on the technology required and the results Blends of Natural Rubber - Novel which can be achieved. Blends of Natural Rubber are an invaluable Techniques for Blending with Speciality Tinker, Andrew J.; source of information for all those working in the area of rubber Polymers Jones, Kevin P. technology and polymer blend technology. A where-would-you-be-without-it handbook covering every single important step in building design and construction, now updated to include key changes in design and construction practices. Surveys materials, structures, soil mechanics and foundations, building types, hardware, insulation, acoustics, plumbing, and all the material that will help architects, engineers, contractors, and others work better, faster, and smarter. Includes new design specifications; the latest developments in seismic and wind design criteria; new building systems Building Design and Construction Merritt, F.S.; and material; updated building codes throughout; NFPA requirements; Handbook (6th Edition) Ricketts, J.T. and new wood material and codes. Put a single-volume treasury of underground piping solutions at your command! A one-of-a kind resource, this book identifies and explains every factor you must know to work competently and confidently with the subsurface infrastructure of distribution systems, including sewer lines, drain lines, water mains, gas lines, telephone and electrical conduits, culverts, oil lines, coal slurry lines, subway tunnels, and heat distribution Buried Pipe Design (2nd Edition) Moser, A.P. lines. This book introduces the reader to a wide range of carbon fiber composites, including polymer-matrix, metal-matrix, carbon-matrix, ceramic-matrix, and hybrid composites. The subject is examined in a tutorial fashion, so that no prior knowledge of the field is required. In contrast to other books on composites, this book emphasizes materials rather than mechanics, as the prominence of composite materials has resulted from their increased presence in applications other than Carbon Fiber Composites Chung, D.D.L. structure. The purpose of this book is to present data and technology relating to the materials and structures developed for the production of carbon- carbon materials and composites. The text is composed of papers written by noted authors in their areas of expertise relating to the processes and production of these material systems and structures. The subject matter is arranged to lead the reader step by step through the materials processing, fabrication, structural analysis, and applications of typical carbon-carbon products. The information presented in the text is limited to data that can or has been published in the open literature including: fiber technology, matrix-material, design of composite structures, manufacturing techniques, engineering mechanics, Buckley, J.D.; protective coatings, and structural applications using carbon-carbon Carbon-Carbon Materials and Composites Edie, D.D. materials and structures. Comprehensive and completely up to date, this new sixth edition remains your best source for the latest breakthroughs in this fast- changing field. This new edition of the gold standard in the field is more valuable than ever with detailed coverage of the advances in molecular biology and pharmacogenetics; Expanded coverage of risk assessment; Casarett & Doull's Toxicology - The Basic Klaassen, Curtis Coverage of online references in addition to traditional print journal and Science of Poisons (6th Edition) D. review articles. This is the key publication for professionals and students in the metallurgy and foundry field. Fully revised and expanded, this Second Edition covers the latest developments in the understanding of the role of the liquid metal in controlling the properties of cast materials and all metallic materials that have started in the cast form. Practicing foundry engineers, designers, and students will find the revealing insights into Castings the behavior of castings essential in developing their understanding and Campbell, John practice. Since the realization that the ozone layer protecting the earth is suffering massive depletion, atmospheric science has been increasingly in the spotlight. It is recognized that we need to increase our knowledge and understanding of the likely impact that increases in UV-B radiation will have on life on earth. Charting research that encompasses the changing distribution of atmospheric ozone, changes in UV-B radiation and the consequent effects on photochemistry and biological systems in the aquatic and terrestrial environments, this 14th volume of Issues in Causes and Environmental Implications of Hester, R.E.; Environmental Science and Technology draws together experts from the Increased UV-B Radiation Harrison, R.M. international community. This book covers all aspects of processing; from ore to sintered part, microstructure, and properties of cemented tungsten carbides in applications, quality control, reclamation, and toxicity. It is aimed for a wide spectrum of readers including students, industry personnel, and Cemented Tungsten Carbides - Upadhyaya, Gopal researchers. With 160 figures and 47 tables, it amply demonstrates the Production, Properties, and Testing S. ever-increasing significance of tungsten carbide hard materials. Interest in ceramics as a high speed cutting tool material is based primarily on favorable material properties. As a class of materials, ceramics possess high melting points, excellent hardness and good wear resistance. Unlike most metals, hardness levels in ceramics generally remain high at elevated temperatures which means that cutting tip integrity is relatively unaffected at high cutting speeds. Ceramic Cutting Tools Whitney, E.D. Ceramics are also chemically inert against most workmetals. This book is a comprehensive overview of important areas in ceramic thin films and coatings. Twenty-one widely respected researchers survey the range of applications of ceramic films and coatings and the techniques used to prepare and characterize them. The book is directed toward potential users of the technology and will also provide a broad update for experts in the field.Ceramic films and coatings are active fields of research and widely used areas of technology. The relatively high hardness and inertness of ceramic materials make ceramic coatings of interest for protection of substrate materials against corrosion, oxidation and wear resistance. The electronic and optical Wachtman, J.B.; properties of ceramics make these films and coating important to many Ceramic Films and Coatings Haber, R.A. electronic and optical devices. Perfect for the new technician or engineer entering the ceramics industry as well as for the “old hand” who needs an update on some aspect of ceramics processing, this resource provides practical laboratory-oriented answers to such typical processing problems as particle segregation, agglomeration, contamination, pressure gradients, Ceramic Technology and Processing King, A.G. adherence to tooling, and temperature gradients during drying and firing. More than 50% of the world's food comes from the three cereals: wheat, maize and rice. In order to continue to feed a growing world population the food industry must understand the potential benefits that cereal biotechnology can offer. This new collection provides a bridge between academic theory on the potential of this technology and the industrial aspects of current practice. The individual chapters provide comprehensive coverage of product development, specific applications, Morris, P.C.; current regulation and the all-important question of consumer Cereal Biotechnology Bryce, J.H. acceptability. This book is a major new review of cereal products from bread making, pasta, and rice production to breakfast cereals and starch products. It opens with an introduction to production methods and grain quality and then focuses on specific product groups in which the contributors examine current technologies and new developments as well as the factors that determine product quality. This will be essential reading for Cereals Processing Technology Owens, G. raw material producers and primary and secondary cereal processors. This book provides an overview the potential of cereals as industrial raw materials for food, feed, and non-food applications. The 34 papers also consider specific topics in cereal components, exploring novel uses for starch, protein, bran, and straw, the whole crop utilization concept which exploits every part of the crop in integrated, economically optimized Campbell, Grant systems while decreasing the environmental impact of process wastes, M.; Webb, Colin; and also new developments in food uses such as unique processes for McKee, Stephen flour milling, flour usage in crackers and bread, and malting and Cereals: Novel Uses and Processes L. sorghum processing. This book reviews techniques by which silicon processing engineers working with semiconductors can meet the demands for improved material quality and performance made necessary by increasingly stringent requirements, such as decreasing barrier film thicknesses. Among the techniques described are monitoring the effectiveness of surface cleaning processes; determining the amount of silicon consumption during barrier film and silicide growth; and silicon selective Characterization in Silicon Processing Strausser, Yale epitaxial growth. Characterization of semiconductor materials and methods used to characterize them will be described extensively in this new Noyes series. Written by experts in each subject area, the series will present the most up-to-date information available in this rapidly advancing field. Includes Characterization of Semiconductor chapters on Electrical Characterization, Ion Mass Spectrometry, Materials - Principles and Methods McGuire, G.E. Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Ion/Solid Interactions and more. Chemical Process Equipment is a guide to the selection and design of a wide range of chemical process equipment. Emphasis is placed on specific information concerning the process design and performance of equipment. To this end, attention is given to examples of successful applications, and a generous number of line sketches showing the functioning of equipment is included with many graphs and tables giving their actual performance. For coherence, brief reviews of pertinent Chemical Process Equipment - Selection theory, including numerical examples to illustrate the more involved and Design Walas, S.M. procedures, are provided in key chapters. Accurate information on how chemicals behave at different temperatures and under different conditions is often hard-to-find or difficult to calculate. This unique Handbook provides scientific, engineering, and environmental professionals and students with this necessary information, in an all-in-one, easy access format. This long- needed handbook covers both organic (C1 to C28 compounds) and inorganic (Ag to Zn compounds) substances, and provides both experimental values based on methods developed by the author and other noted experts. It can save countless hours of searching for the Chemical Properties Handbook Yaws, C.L. right source or performing complicated calculations. This book provides tools, information, and hands-on expertise to make important engineering tasks and decisions easier. Provides up-to-date information to help chemical and process engineers save time, money, and materials. Provides decision-aiding coverage of every aspect of selection, design factors and parameters, optimization, and scale up. This handbook is also a convenient source of explained formulas, principles, and data. Contains numerous detailed examples, and the Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, latest information on reactor design for biochemicals and polymers, as and Scaleup Nauman, E. Bruce well as other newer and standard substances. This newly updated handbook is an exhaustive reference source detailing the effects of exposing polymeric materials to a unique combination of exposure medium and conditions. Over 1080 materials grades representing 213 material types, consisting of neat and reinforced and/or filled thermoplastics, thermoset resins, rubbers, and thermoplastic elastomers are included. Data are given for resistance to over 4500 exposure media, including over 2800 chemical substances (from water to acetone to sulfuric acid) and conditions, including those that exist during weathering, sterilization, aging, and environmental stress cracking.The updated database has increased in size by over 30% to include 138,200 unique records organized in four different ways; alphabetically by material, alphabetically by exposure medium, classified by material and classified by exposure medium. A set of the test results represents chemical resistance of the material to a specific exposure medium and would typically include several numeric values and some textual notes. The numeric values given are PDL Chemical Resistance Chemical Resistance of Plastics and Plastics Design Rating and percent change or retention of material properties affected Elastomers (3rd Edition) Library Staff by the exposure. The text supports the numeric values by providing A comprehensive reference source for identifying product lines in the international chemical marketplace, for professionals involved in the purchasing of tradename products. It provides brief, accurate descriptions of the product lines, including the chemical classification, function, and/or application. Proprietary chemicals are identified by function alone. An included directory provides the contact information Ash, Michael; Ash, needed to obtain technical and material handling data sheets on Chemical Tradename Dictionary Irene individual products directly from the manufacturers. This book examines each of the major chemical processes, such as reactions, separations, mixing, heating, cooling, pressure change, and particle size reduction and enlargement, providing you with an understanding of the essential qualitative analysis of each. Emphasizes chemical conversions; chemical reactions applied to industrial processing. Provides easy-to-understand descriptions to explain reactor type and design. Describes the latest process developments and Chemical and Process Design Handbook Speight, James G. possible future improvements or changes. Enormous changes have taken place in the chemistry and technology of agrochemicals over the last twenty years or so and this book provides a timely review of the most important area of technology in the development of new products. This book covers issues around international product quality and safety standards and describes the current and likely future trends which will carry the industry forward into the next millennium. It brings together well known international experts with many years of practical experience from agrochemical companies, consultancies, academic institutions and regulatory bodies. The book will be of interest to those working in research and development Chemistry and Technology of departments of raw material suppliers, as a concise review of this Agrochemical Formulations Knowles, D.A. important field. The purpose of this book is to familiarise the reader with the range of thermosetting polymeric materials available for construction applications, and to provide sound information on the properties and applications of these important materials. Professional engineers involved in the specification, application and testing of these materials will find this book a compact, authoritative and comprehensive source of information on these materials. Chemists and technologists involved in Chemistry and Technology of developing new or improved formulations will find in this book much to Thermosetting Polymers in Construction inform their work, particularly in the important area of applicational Applications Irfan, M.H. properties. With the oceans covering more than 70% of the earth's surface it is not surprising that oceanic/atmospheric interactions exert a major influence on the global climate. There is great variety within the expanses of the ocean, including large temperature differences, which has led to biodiversity within the marine environment. This 13th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology offers a multidisciplinary review of this important topic, including the opportunities and challenges Hester, R.E.; in developing new pharmaceuticals from the sea and an examination of Chemistry in the Marine Environment Harrison, R.M. contamination and pollution issues. This book is a single volume treatment of the descriptive inorganic and coordination chemistry of silver, gold and the six platinum metals, together with the organometallic chemistry of bonded compounds in normal oxidation states. It provides information on 'essential' binary compounds and complexes of these elements, such as oxides, halides, aqua complexes, amines and tertiary phosphine complexes, highlighting key areas of study. The reference list, containing over 1600 entries, is intended to give key references (particularly to structures), both to the recent literature and to relevant older work. A concentrated source of information for chemists at graduate and research level, this volume is Chemistry of Precious Metals Cotton, Simon A. also suitable as a teaching resource for advanced undergraduates. This thorough review of the chemistry of high Tc superconductors provides extensive coverage of the structural and synthetic solid-state chemistry of oxide superconductors as well as substantial reference material on characterization methods. Written by 27 authorities in the Chemistry of Superconductor Materials field, the book fulfills a need for a condensed, single-source reference. It Preparation, Chemistry, Characterization will be indispensable for researchers and for those unfamiliar with and Theory Vanderah, T.A. structural and synthetic solid-state chemistry of superconductors. When this innovative textbook first appeared in 1984 it rapidly became a great success throughout the world and has already been translated into several European and Asian languages. Now the authors have completely revised and updated the text, including more than 2000 new literature references to work published since the first edition. No page has been left unaltered but the novel features, which proved so attractive, have been retained. The book presents a balanced, coherent and comprehensive account of the chemistry of the elements for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. This crucial central area of Greenwood, N.N.; chemistry is full of ingenious experiments, intriguing compounds and Chemistry of the Elements (2nd Edition) Earnshaw, A. exciting new discoveries. The first edition of this book rapidly established itself as the standard work on the key quality issues in one of the most dynamic sectors in the food industry, the second edition has been substantially revised and updated. Chilled foods examines all aspects of this industry including: Stringer, M.; the market, applicable legislation, variety selection, refrigeration, Chilled Foods (2nd Edition) Dennis, C. temperature control, quality and safety, microbiology and shelf-life. This 6th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology addresses the sources, environmental cycles, uptake, consequences and control of many of the more important chlorinated organic micropollutants, including PCBs, PCDDs and PCDFs. These, and various chlorinated pesticides have triggered widespread concern due to Hester, R.E.; their environmental persistence and high toxicity, and their potential for Chlorinated Organic Micropollutants Harrison, R.M. adverse effects on humans and wildlife. This fourth edition has been completely rewritten and updated. It provides a concise and comprehensive survey of the fundamentals, theory and current practice in the many branches of civil engineering, Civil Engineer's Reference Book (4th giving state-of-the-art information and practical guidance for both Edition) Blake, Leslie S. student and practicing civil engineers. The purpose of this book is to provide an in-depth understanding of the factors that influence the classification of a hazardous location. One factor, in combination with one or more other factors, will have an impact on the level of danger and its hazardous boundaries. These factors and Classifying Explosion-Prone Areas for the their influences will be explained in detail in this publication, and once Petroleum, Chemical and Related their impact is understood, the classification of a hazardous location Industries Korver, W.O.E. becomes a straightforward procedure. This manual presents information on all commonly prescribed therapeutic agents, making it easy for physicians to administer these agents safely and appropriately. Drug entries are organized alphabetically by generic name and cross-referenced by trade name. Includes key warnings, dosage adjustments, approved indications, Ehrenpreis, guidelines for pregnancy and lactation, and more. Highlights all clinically Clinician's Handbook of Prescription Seymour; important aspects of drug prescribing as well as tips needed to heal and Drugs Ehrenpreis, Eli D. protect patients. Coating and laminating processes are widely used to improve and modify the physical properties and appearance of fabric. They have also facilitated the development of entirely new products and have led to innovations in the area of "smart" materials. Coating and lamination cuts across virtually every product group in the textile industry, including composites, where the potential is especially broad. This book bridges the gap between the two disciplines, textile technology and polymer chemistry, which drive successful development of coated and laminated Coated and Laminated Textiles Fung, Walter textile products. It also discusses fabric impregnation and foam finishing. This book explains the chemistry and properties of the main types of polymer coatings used in the electronics industry. It outlines the best processes for masking, cleaning, and surface preparation, as well as for application and curing of coatings. And, it outlines government regulations and formulation changes to meet VOC and toxicity Coating Materials for Electronic requirements. It's the first book in a series specifically addressing the Applications - Polymers, Processes, major assembly materials and processes critical to the performance and Reliability, Testing Licari, J.J. reliability of microcircuit modules. Facilities which utilize hazardous liquids and gases represent a significant potential liability to the owner, operator, and general public in terms of personnel safety and preservation of assets. It is obvious that a catastrophic incident or loss of property or personnel is to be avoided at Code Compliance for Advanced all costs. This book was conceived to give the reader a guide to Technology Facilities - A Comprehensive understanding the requirements of the various codes and regulations Guide for Semiconductor and Other that apply to the design, construction and operation of facilities utilizing Hazardous Occupancies Acorn, W.R. hazardous materials in their processes. Hailed by professionals around the world as the definitive text on the subject, this book is an indispensable resource for all who design for and work with cold-formed steel. No other book provides such exhaustive coverage of both the theory and practice of cold-formed steel construction. Updated and expanded to reflect all the important developments that have occurred in the field over the past decade, this Third Edition of the classic text provides you with more of the detailed, up-to-the-minute technical information and expert guidance you need to make optimum use of this incredibly versatile material for building Cold-Formed Steel Design (3rd Edition) Yu, Wei-Wen construction. Up to date developments in plastics coloring are the focus of this book. Pigments and dyes are covered in the first section with information on their chemistry, use, food contact approval and durability. The second section focuses on effective pigment incorporation and discusses factors which influence it, as well as dispersing aids, dispersion methods, and ways to improve processability and increase efficiency. In the section on the testing of colored products, methods to decrease variability, establish specifications, and select and design cost effective formulations are reviewed. New testing techniques such as FTIR and NIR are presented. In the next section the effect of colorants on properties of materials is analyzed with chapters covering their nucleating effect and polymer crystallization in their presence. Discussions of extrusion, injection molding, coating, and welding in relation to colorants are included throughout as are chapters on health Coloring Technology for Plastics Harris, R.M. and safety and special effects. Colour is one of the most important cues used by consumers to assess the quality of a food product. It may be defined as the individual's response to the visual signals generated by the light on a product. Part 1 looks at colour perception and measurement. Chapter 2 discusses the concept of the total appearance of food, of which colour is one component, and relates this to sensory assessment techniques. The following chapters consider the principles of instrumental colour measurement, models of colour appearance, colour measurement by colour reflectance, and sorting by colour. Part 2 begins with a review of the chemistry of food colorants. This provides a context for the following chapters which focus on the factors determining colour stability in Colour in Food - Improving Quality MacDougall, D.B. vegetables, fruits and meat. This book provides an in depth and unparalleled presentation of the compositions of virtually all polymer blends. Part 1 provides a short history of polymer science and technology. Part 2 summarizes the reasons for, and the scientific principles of, blending and presents the current state of knowledge in the fields of interfacial properties, compatibilization, morphology, flow behavior and performance. The chronological evolution of blend technology is presented in Parts 3 (commodity resin blends) and 4 (engineering and specialty resin blends). The text has practical value in aiding the development of new Commercial Polymer Blends Utracki, L.A. blends for specific applications. This dictionary provides a convenient personal reference source, intended to complement more encyclopedic works. There is an alphabetic, fully cross-indexed listing of pharmacologically active agents and their properties, containing details of some 4000 individual chemical agents including medical drugs in current use, experimental agents and toxins used as investigation tools. Over 10,000 alternative names are indexed, including chemical names, abbreviated chemical names, official pharmacological names, proprietary names and research code numbers. A key feature is that the properties of the agents are categorized, according to mechanism and use, into 300 classes for each Concise Dictionary of Pharmacological Morton, Ian K.M.; of which there are descriptive articles for which key literature and review Agents - Properties and Synonyms Hall, Judith M. references are provided. After over a century of worldwide production of all kinds of products, the plastics industry is now the fourth largest industry in the United States. This brief, concise, and practical book is a cutting edge compendium of the plastics industry's information and terminology - ranging from design, materials, and processes, to testing, quality control, regulations, legal matters, and profitability. New and useful developments in plastic materials and processing continually are on the horizon, and the Rosato, Donald V.; examples of these developments that are discussed in the book provide Rosato, M.G.; guides to past and future trends. This practical and comprehensive book Rosato, Dominick reviews the plastics industry virtually from A to Z through its more than Concise Encyclopedia of Plastics V. 25,000 entries. Since the publication of the first edition 10 years ago, significant developments have occurred in the use of admixtures in concrete. Eight new chapters and a full update of the preceding 10 chapters bring this book up to date; reflecting the relative advances made in the science and technology of different groups of admixtures. The increased role and development of admixtures in concrete technology is evidenced by a number of conferences, publications, and novel admixtures available in the market place. These developments in the field caused the modification of many chapters in the First Edition in order to reflect the advances. Although individual chapters refer to standards and specifications of admixtures, those only interested in the standards or techniques used in investigating admixtures will find the second chapter (Research Technologies, Standards, and Specifications) useful. Admixtures are not as inert as may be presumed. They may chemically Concrete Admixtures Handbook - interact with the constituents of concrete and affect the properties of the Properties, Science, and Technology (2nd Ramachandran, fresh and hardened concrete and its durability. The third chapter deals Edition) V.S. with these aspects. It was important to devote a chapter to recent This book presents an in-depth approach to concrete ingredients and their relationships to concrete by discussing their properties, pertinent test methods, specifications, proper use and selection, and solutions to problems in practice. The approach is practice oriented, and the book assists in the improved application of concrete through a thorough understanding of its ingredients. This is aided by the discussion of Concrete Materials - Properties, certain fundamental aspects and relationships in quantitative forms, and Specifications and Testing (2nd Edition) Popovics, S. by also presenting the interpretation of research and experience. The primary focus of this book is the use of the petrological polarizing microscope for the study of concrete and related materials. Petrographic methods used for many years in geology are also valuable in the study of concrete. This book assumes a working knowledge of the petrographic techniques. Chapter two includes a brief description of petrographic examination techniques and chapter three discusses sample preparation. The main body of the work provides a detailed Concrete Petrography - A Handbook of St. John, D.A.; discussion of the use of petrographic microscopy to study the Investigative Techniques Poole, A.B.; Sims, composition, appearance, and texture of concrete and related materials. I. The detailed index makes locating specific information relatively easy. Materials and methods for electromagnetic interference (EMI), electrostatic discharge (ESD) and other electronics applications are covered in this book. Sections on material design, methods of manufacture and successful use of plastics containing conductive fillers, intrinsically conductive polymers and polymers utilizing new blending technology are included and these technologies are compared to other Conductive Polymers and Plastics in methods such as metal plating.Chapters cover the effect of processing Industrial Applications Rupprecht, L. parameters and formulation on material performance. A one-stop resource for residential or commercial construction projects, this book gives you instant access to hundreds of tables, specifications, charts, diagrams, and illustrations covering materials and components most frequently used on a typical job. In easy-to-understand language, construction pro Sidney M. Levy covers: Interior metal stud specifications, design data, typical details, drywall installation, fire and sound ratings, structural steel, cast-in-place concrete and masonry structural systems, with details, specifications, and illustrations of Construction Building Envelope and component parts. Finishes including plastic laminates, resilient flooring, Interior Finishes Databook Levy, S.M. painting specifications, and installation guidelines. This book describes more than 1600 construction and structural adhesives and sealants currently available from over 100 suppliers. These adhesives and sealants can be used for major construction and structural applications as well as in commercial businesses, schools, and offices, and by the home-repair handyman. The products can be applied to such diverse materials as concrete, ceramics, vinyl, Construction and Structural Adhesives polyethylene, foamed plastics, wood, plywood, fiberboard, gypsum and Sealants - An Industrial Guide Flick, E.W. board, prefinished panels, leather, and cotton. Tribology is a science of friction, wear and lubrication of moving components. Advances in tribology have made it possible to considerably reduce energy and material losses in machines and during technological processes. Mechanics of solids, in particular contact mechanics and fracture mechanics, is a powerful tool for investigation of basic tribological problems. This volume suggests new formulations and methods of solution of contact problems, describing specific features of friction interaction essential for tribology. These problems take into account the discreteness of contact of rough surfaces, surface inhomogeneity, properties of an intermediate medium, complicated boundary conditions, surface fracture, shape variations of surfaces in Contact Mechanics in Tribology Goryacheva, I.G. wear processes, and so on. This book bridges the macroscopic, mesoscopic, and atomic-scale regimes of contacts to semiconductors. It is the state-of-the-art in growing, processing, and characterizing electronic junctions. It includes descriptions of a wide array of techniques ranging from advanced Contacts to Semiconductors - ohmic, Schottky and heterojunction contacts to microscopic junctions Fundamentals and Technology Brillson, L.J. gleaned from ultrahigh vacuum surface science techniques. This 7th volume in the Issues in Environmental Science and Technology series covers aspects ranging from risk assessment and risk management through specific remediation methods and the evolution of government policy and controls, to analysis of the legal and technical features of specific environmental insurance policies. It examines the chemistry of the non-ferrous heavy metals lead, zinc, and cadmium in relation to reclamation of superfund sites in the USA. This examination Hestor, R.E.; includes a consideration of the Welsh Development Agency's role in Contaminated Land and Its Reclamation Harrison, R.M. developing recovery strategies for derelict and contaminated land. This book distinguishes between biomaterials for clinical use, and medical devices or components of devices. Biomaterials are defined as substances which can be placed in intimate contact with living structures without harmful effects. They become devices (internal or external to the Contemporary Biomaterials - Material and body) when processed or shaped to serve a specific function. Implants Host Response, Clinical Applications, Boretoes, John are a subclass of devices which need to be located inside the body to New Technology and Legal Aspects W.; Eden, Murray achieve their purpose. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the heat treatment methods used to process liquid and particulate foods (milk and milk products, soups, sauces, fruit juices, and other beverages). This breadth of coverage makes the book unique. There is particular emphasis on the factors influencing the safety and quality of heated foods. There is also Continuous Thermal Processing of Foods - extensive cross- referencing within the text and a comprehensive Pasteurization and UHT Sterilization n/a reference section. This book shares developments in recycling in Germany and Italy. Several chapters deal with various methods of waste processing, including pyrolysis, hydrogenation, composting, and conversion to a Conversion of Polymer Wastes and Krause, H.H., powder coating. Waste Disposal Logistics - a Prerequisite for Effective Energetics Penninger, J.M.L. Recycling. Recycling of Plastics by Hydrogenation in Slurry Phase. Destined to become a classic, this unique comprehensive reference offers more than 1,000 pages of key terms, over 5,000 acronyms and useful, detailed information on such topics as Superfund, construction, environmental engineering, wetlands, biology, OSHA, threatened and endangered flora and fauna, and international organizations and treaties. Information is supplemented by maps, charts, tables, and diagrams, as well as crucial agency contact information to give the Cooper's Comprehensive Environmental Cooper, Andre, R., professional access to environmental officials who can offer advice and Desk Reference Sr. assistance. This is the first book that attempts to study the origin of cooperativity in binding systems from the molecular point of view. The molecular approach provides a deeper insight into the mechanism of cooperativity and regulation, than the traditional phenomenological approach. This book uses the tools of statistical mechanics to present the molecular theory of cooperativity. Cooperativity is used in a variety of processes- such as loading and unloading of oxygen at relatively small pressure differences; maintaining an almost constant concentration of various compounds in living cells; and switching on and off the reading of genetic information. This book may be used as a textbook by graduate Cooperativity and Regulation in students in Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biophysics, and will also be of Biochemical Processes Ben-Naim, Arieh interest to researchers in theoretical biochemistry. This two-volume reference embraces a vast range of topics including high-temperature and aqueous corrosion and their control. This edition extends to over 2700 pages, and contains 138 sections all written by specialists. Volume Two Includes: Corrosion Control: Introduction; Design and economic aspects of corrosion; Cathodic and anodic protection; Pretreatment and design for metal finishing; Methods of applying metallic coatings; Protection by metallic coatings; Protection by paint coatings; Chemical conversion coatings; Miscellaneous coatings; Shreir, L.L.; Conditioning the environment; Non-metallic materials; Corrosion testing, Jarman, R.A.; monitoring and inspection; Electrochemistry and metallurgy relevant to Corrosion (3rd Edition) Volumes 1-2 Burstein, G.T. corrosion; Useful information; Index. This volume describes more than 1100 corrosion inhibitors and rust preventives which are currently available for industrial usage. The data included represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions, made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent information has been included. It is believed that all of the products listed here are currently available, which will be of interest to readers concerned with product discontinuances. Corrosion Inhibitors - An Industrial Guide This book should be a valuable guide to those interested in products to (2nd Edition) Flick, Ernest W. help alleviate corrosion. This handbook has been completely revised and vastly expanded, based on the latest available technical data. This well-established and successful reference volume provides useful information which will enable the concerned engineer or manager to cut losses due to corrosion by choosing suitable commercially available corrosion resistant materials for a particular application. It would also be useful to equipment designers and others as a valuable screening guide in Corrosion Resistant Materials Handbook choosing materials for equipment having specific corrosion resistance (4th Edition) DeRenzo, D.J. requirements. This database is the online version of NACE COR·SUR and COR·SUR 2 for Windows databases and companion volumes, Corrosion Data Survey - Metals Section (6th ed.) and Corrosion Data Survey - Nonmetals Section (5th ed.). The data document the performance of 87 metal and nonmetal materials in over 1500 different chemical environments, under various exposure conditions. The database provides a cost-effective method for quickly reducing the field of choice of construction materials for particular applications, based on corrosion NACE behavior and chemical resistance. Users can easily obtain a given International, The material's performance for the concentration and temperature of a Corrosion Survey Database (COR·SUR) Corrosion Society specified exposure medium. This information packed volume describes corrosion and chemical resistant masonry materials necessary for buildings and equipment requiring such materials. Written by 40 authorities, it covers a broad variety of materials, from structural materials, membranes and lining systems, to inspection and failure analysis.This will enable practicing engineers and architects to write specifications and instructions, and draw details, for proper installation of such masonry materials and Corrosion and Chemical Resistant Sheppard, W.L., equipment. It will also be of use to a wide variety of manufacturing and Masonry Materials Handbook Jr. chemical process industries. A state-of-the-art treatment of glass and ceramic corrosion, this book presents fundamental chemical reactions, equations, computer codes and models, and practical examples by 33 leaders in the field. Contents: Biomaterials; Optical Components; Construction; Materials; Nuclear Corrosion of Glass, Ceramics and Clark, D.E.; Zoitos, Waste Containment; Ceramic; Superconductors; Archeologically Ceramic Superconductors B.K. Significant Articles. More than 1800 cosmetic and toiletry formulations are detailed in this book, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Each formulation in the book is identified by a description of end use. The formulations include a list of material contained, the percent by weight of each raw material, Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, suggested formulation procedure, and the formula source, which is the Volume 1 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. company or organization that supplied the formula. This volume details some 1,900 more cosmetic and toiletry formulations, based on manufacturers' and distributors' descriptions. Each formulation is identified by a description of end use. The formulations include the following as available: a listing of each raw material contained; the percent by weight of each raw material; suggested formulation procedure; and the formula source, which is the company or Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, organization that supplied the formula. A section on trade-named raw Volume 2 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. materials provides brief chemical descriptions and suppliers' addresses. This book contains 775 cosmetic and toiletry formulations based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. This is Volume 3 of the Second Edition of this work; Volume 1 was published in 1989. Volume 2 was published in 1992. There are no duplications in any of these volumes. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, trademarked raw materials listed are currently available, which will be of Volume 3 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. interest to readers concerned with raw material discontinuances. This book contains 959 cosmetic and toiletry formulations, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. This is Volume 4 of the Second Edition of this work; Volume 1 was published in 1989, Volume 2 in 1992, and Volume 3 in early 1995. There are no duplications in any of these volumes. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, trademarked raw materials listed are currently available, which will be of Volume 4 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. interest to readers concerned with raw material discontinuances. This book contains 1,444 cosmetic and toiletry formulations, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. This is Volume 5 of the Second Edition of this work; Volume 1 was published in 1989, Volume 2 in 1992, Volume 3 in early 1995, and Volume 4 in late 1995. There are no duplications in any of these volumes. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the trademarked raw materials listed Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, are currently available, which will be of interest to readers concerned Volume 5 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. with raw material discontinuances. This book contains 652 cosmetic and toiletry formulations, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. This is Volume 6 of the Second Edition of this work. Volume 1 was published in 1989, Volume 2 in 1992, Volume 3 in early 1995, Volume 4 in late 1995, Volume 5 in 1996. There are no duplications in any of these volumes. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the trademarked raw Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, materials listed are currently available, which will be of interest to Volume 6 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. readers concerned with raw material discontinuances. This book contains hundreds of cosmetic and toiletry formulations, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. This is Volume 7 of the Second Edition of this work. Volume 1 was published in 1989, Volume 2 in 1992, Volume 3 in early 1995, Volume 4 in late 1995, Volume 5 in 1996, and Volume 6 in 1998. There are no duplications in any of these volumes. It is believed that all of the trademarked raw materials are currently available as the data represent selections from manufacturer's descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Each formulation is identified by a description of end use. The formulations include the following as available: a listing of each raw material; suggested formulation procedure; and the formula source. Also Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, included are sections on Trade Name Raw Materials and Supplier's Volume 7 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. Addresses. This book contains 541 cosmetic and toiletry formulations based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. The success of previous volumes in the series has led to updates of these valuable formations, and Volume 8 is the latest addendum. There are no duplications in any of the volumes in this series. All of the trademarked raw materials are believed to be currently available as the data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, or influence from the makers or Cosmetic and Toiletry Formulations, distributors of those materials. Each formulation is identified by a Volume 8 (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. description of its end use. This book describes about 4,000 cosmetics additives currently available for industrial use, compiled from information from 84 manufacturers and distributors. This book lists the following product information, as available, in the manufacturer’s own words: (1) Company name and product category, (2) Trade name and product number, (3) Product description. Also included are a Trade Name Index and a list of Cosmetics Additives - An Industrial Guide Flick, E.W. Suppliers’ Addresses. The modern technological developments of crystal growth depend greatly on the availability of suitable single crystals, whether it is for lasers, semiconductors, magnetic devices, optical devices, superconductors, telecommunication, etc. In spite of great technological advancements in recent years, we are still in the early stage with respect to the growth of several important crystals such as diamond, silicon carbide, PZT, gallium nitride, and others. This book deals with almost all the modern crystal growth techniques that have been adopted and Crystal Growth Technology Byrappa, B. includes appropriate case studies. The 2004 Edition of DIPPR Project 801 (Full Version) Database is a renowned source of Evaluated Process Design Data of physical, thermodynamic, and transport properties for industrially important chemicals used in chemical process and equipment design. The DIPPR Project 801 Database consists of experimental data and, when necessary, estimated values that have been reviewed to ensure the greatest accuracy possible. Also included are temperature-dependent correlation coefficients, references, data quality codes, background information, such as molecular structure, synonyms, hazard properties, miscellaneous properties, notes, and explanations. Knovelized 2004 Edition of the Database contains data for 31 temperature-independent (constant) properties and 15 temperature-dependent properties for 1793 industrially important compounds. The DIPPR data is presented in a tabular format as nineteen Interactive Tables, with key fields being fully searchable, filterable and sortable. In fifteen tables links are provided to an interactive Equation Plotter Applet that graphically represents the DIPPR Project 801 - Full Version n/a temperature correlation relationships for key temperature-dependent The book provides a comprehensive description of the principal constituents of milk (water, lipids, proteins, lactose, salts, vitamins) and of the chemical aspects of principal families of dairy products. It also Fox, P.F.; covers applied aspects, such as heat-induced changes and the use of McSweeney, enzymes, and principal physical properties. This concise overview Dairy Chemistry and Biochemistry P.L.H. should be of value to all dairy scientists and students. This book summarises key developments in the field and how they enhance dairy product safety and quality. The first part of the book discusses raw milk composition, production and quality. Part 2 reviews developments in processing from hygiene and HACCP systems to automation, high-pressure processing and modified atmosphere packaging. The final part of the book considers developments for Dairy Processing - Improving Quality Smit, Gerrit particular products such as fermented dairy products and cheeses. This extremely useful three-volume set offers a thorough account of the and technology of processing dairy products.Volume I presents basic information on new research data and advances in mportant properties and applications of milk and dairy ingredients. Volume II discusses procedures and new advances in the manufacture technology for yogurt, ice cream, cheese, and dry and concentrated dairy products, as well as the microbiology and associated health hazards for dairy products. Volume III offers a unique exploration of five topics not commonly found Dairy Science and Technology Handbook, in professional reference books for dairy manufacture, including quality Volumes 1-3 Hui, Y.H. assurance, biotechnology, and computer applications. Provides domestic and foreign food scientists and technologists access to useful scientific, technical, and legal information otherwise distributed over many documents in the US: functional and economical chemicals used in processing foods and on raw agricultural products respectively; classification and profiles of pathogens ingested in foods, beverages, and drinking water; the application of biotechnology in food processing and related areas; product categories, fruits and vegetables, meat and poultry, bakery products, and alcoholic beverages; US government's recommended nomenclature for food fishes; safety of workers in food processing plants; sanitation in food processing; and laws and Data Sourcebook for Food Scientists and regulations governing the safety and economic attributes of domestic Technologists Hui, Y.H. and imported food products. This book is a convenient reference work that provides tables for physical constants of organic and inorganic compounds as well as spectral data and thermodynamic properties; these sections make up the bulk of the manual. There are more than a thousand pages of tabled data, divided into 11 sections: organic compounds; inorganic and organometallic compounds; properties of atoms, radicals, and bonds; physical properties; thermodynamic properties; spectroscopy; physiochemical relationships; electrolytes, electromotive force, and chemical equilibrium; data useful in laboratory manipulations and analysis; polymers, rubbers, fats, oils, and waxes; abbreviations, Dean's Handbook of Organic Chemistry constants, and conversion factors. Easy-to-use index. Summing Up: (2nd Edition) Gokel, George W. Recommended. Graduate students through professionals. This reference covers a broad range of issues concerning DDAs, including:* An overview of deflagration and detonation prevention and protection practices* An overview of combustion and flame propagation and how DDA's halt propagation* Deflagration and detonation flame arrester technology* Installation in process systems* Regulations, codes, and standards* Illustrative examples, calculations, and guidelines for DDA selection* Appendices, including a glossary, a flame arrester Grossel, Stanley specification sheet for vendor quotation, and a listing of flame arrester Deflagration and Detonation Arresters S. manufacturers. Whether working on product design or process optimization, engineers need a multitude of polymer property values. This book provides a quick reference on basic design data for resins, machines, parts, and processes, and shows how to apply these data to solve practical Rao, Natti; problems. Numerous examples are given to illustrate the appropriate Design Data for Plastics Engineers O'Brien, Keith applications of the data presented. Although designing machines and dies for plastics processing is routinely done with the help of computer modeling and design programs, the results don't always hold up in industrial application. Therefore, it is essential for the designer to have an understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts and their limitations when working with these Rao, Natti S.; programs and/or trying to improve their output. This book presents a Design Formulas for Plastics Engineers Schumacher, summary of the most important formulas and their applications to solve (2nd Edition) Gunter design and processing problems with plastics materials. This book was written primarily from the standpoint of an engineering design organization, and based on years of experience with large design projects as well as on personal plant experience. Most new investment dollars go into new or modernized facilities, and it is in the design phase of projects for these facilities that the most opportunities occur and flexibility exists to influence process control. Consequently this book is aimed primarily at design personnel; however, it will also be useful to those who have to operate or troubleshoot existing plants. It is the Buckley, Page S.; purpose of this book to indicate the range of technology, which has been Design of Distillation Column Control Luyben, William L.; developed for distillation control, to the point where it can be Systems Shunta, Joseph P. economically and reliably used for design. This classic text on wood design, incorporates the 1997 National Design Specifications for Wood Construction (NDS), including the 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC) and the latest information on loading criteria and laterial forces (wind and earthquake) design. Designed to introduce Breyer, D.E.; engineers, technologists, & architects to the design of wood structures. Design of Wood Structures ASD (4th Fridley, K.J.; May be used as a text for a course in timber design or as a reference for Edition) Cobeen, K.E. systematic self-study of the subject. This book provides hands-on techniques for writing engineering procedures to achieve ISO 9000 compliance. It is designed for individuals responsible for writing these procedures in any industry. Readers will find actual examples of clearly written, compliant engineering procedures, ready to adapt to your own industry and your Developing and Managing Engineering own particular needs and use immediately. It answers virtually all your Procedures - Concepts and Applications Cloud. P.A. procedure writing questions. Orginally translated in 1914, this classic Crew and Salvio English Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences Galilei, Galileo translation is now available in a special electronic version. This book presents an updated, systematic review of the latest developments in diamond CVD processes, with emphasis on the nucleation and early growth stages of diamond CVD. The objective is to familiarize the reader with the scientific and engineering aspects of diamond CVD, and to provide experienced researchers, scientists, and Liu, H.; Dandy, engineers in academics and industry with the latest developments in this Diamond Chemical Vapor Deposition D.S. growing field. This excellent, in-depth review of diamond films and coatings covers their properties, growth, deposition, characterization, and applications. Diamond Films and Coatings Davis, R.F. The eight chapters are written by experts in their fields. In response to the expansion of knowledge in biochemistry and molecular biology, the Second Edition of this reference has been completely revised and updated, with approximately 16,000 new entries. Names of specific compounds and other substances have been substantially enlarged, and definitions have been expanded for clarity and precision. Information is drawn from over 500 books and 1,000 articles, including recommendations of the Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, and the International Union of Biochemistry. Terms used by biochemists from a broad range of sciences, such as chemistry, immunology, genetics, virology, biophysics, and microbiology, are included. Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Abbreviations, both standard and nonstandard, are also provided, as Biology (2nd Edition) Stenesh, J. well as cross-referenced synonymous expressions. This dictionary is an unparalleled source of information, providing practical, scientific, and regulatory information on every important ingredient and category. It will be of value to food scientists, ingredient suppliers, dietitians, extension specialists and students. Defines and describes some 1,000 food ingredients and additives, including natural ingredients, FDA-approved artificial ingredients, and compounds used in food processing. Definitions cover functionality, chemical properties, and Dictionary of Food Ingredients (4th Igoe, Robert S.; applications. New to this edition is a section which groups ingredients by Edition) Hui, Y. H. function and describes characteristics and applications of each group. This 2005 electronic version of the original seven-volume collection of vital information has been updated to contain approximately 5,300 chemicals and their impact on the environment. Detailed information about the toxicity of the chemicals, physical properties and regulatory requirements is also presented. All information is presented with complete references detailed at the end of each file. A live table is available, listing all chemicals and their physical properties. The table contains hot links to an image of the chemical structure as well as a link to the detailed information directly from the book. The detailed files can also be accessed by browsing the table of contents. A newly added field allows records to be sorted or filtered on the update date as this title will be continually updated. Chemicals can be searched for by their chemical names as well as synonyms, molecular formulas, CAS Registry and RTECS numbers. The data (text) files can be searched for Dictionary of Substances and Their keywords, and the fields in the live table can be searched for physical Effects (DOSE, 3rd Electronic Edition) Gangolli, S. properties, registry numbers, and synonyms. This book is a comprehensive work covering the design and application of diesel engines of all sizes. It systematically covers all aspects of diesel engineering, from thermodynamics theory and modelling to condition monitoring of engines in service. It features subjects of long- Diesel Engine Reference Book (2nd Challen, Bernard; term use and application for designers, developers and users of the Edition) Baranescu, Rodica most ubiquitous mechanical power source in the world. This new game book for understanding atoms at play aims to document diffusion processes and various other properties operative in advanced technological materials. Diffusion in functional organic chemicals, polymers, granular materials, complex oxides, metallic glasses, and quasi-crystals among other advanced materials is a highly interactive and synergic phenomenon. A large variety of atomic arrangements are possible. Each arrangement affects the performance of these advanced, Diffusion Processes in Advanced polycrystalline multiphase materials used in photonics, MEMS, Technological Materials Gupta, Devendra electronics, and other applications of current and developing interest. Introduces digital signal processing approaches that are potentially applicable to wideband receiver designs. Emphasis is on techniques rather than theoretical discussions. Fourier transforms, discrete Fourier transforms, and subjects related to wide bandwidth receiver designs are treated in early chapters. Other chapters concern receiver hardware, analog-to-digital converters and their impact on receiver performance, converter designs, probability of false alarm, and phase measurement. Later chapters discuss methods related to receiver designs, such as Digital Techniques for Wideband frequency channelization. There are two chapters devoted to electronic Receivers (2nd Edition) Tsui, James warfare receivers. This book is about transitioning from mechanical product design to manufacturing, and mechanical product variation: how we understand it, how we deal with it, and how we control it. As the title suggests, this book focuses on documenting mechanical designs (dimensioning) and understanding the variation (tolerancing) within the product development Dimensioning and Tolerancing Handbook Drake, P., Jr. process. This book serves as a guide for water utilities, regulators, and consultants, forecasting future trends and explaining the latest developments in regulations. A diverse group of contributors covers topics such as water treatment, water protection, how some of the regulations have been interpreted in the courts, how water utilities can stay in compliance, and how to satisfy customer expectations, especially sensitive subpopulations.Addresses improving waterborne disease Pontius, Frederick surveillance, how to control drinking water pathogens and disinfection by- Drinking Water Regulation and Health W. products, and sustaining water systems. Consolidates information developed by industry and government laboratories on dust control engineering techniques. Designed for the minerals processing industry, the technology applies to other industries as well. Dust, its prevention, formation and control are examined, Mody, V.; Jakhete, including wet and dry control systems, personal protection, and testing Dust Control Handbook R. methods. This book is a comprehensive account of the existing practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions in the process industries. It offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques in a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the Dust Explosions in the Process Industries hazard and control of a dust explosion. This book is an invaluable (2nd Edition) Eckhoff, R.K. reference work for industry, safety consultants and students. This handbook contains flexural loss and storage moduli and tan delta for over 120 commercial thermoplastics plotted against temperature. Thermoplastics are identified by trade name and grade and are classified using generic family and chemical type information available. All major generic families are present, including Polycarbonates, Nylons and Polyesters. The data is given for temperature ranges starting with - 50 °C and ending at the melting/softening point of a thermoplastic. Each type of curve, e.g., loss modulus vs. temperature, can be accessed in two ways. There are graph tables that contain information about only one material. In these tables one to twelve materials can be selected and a pop up window will display the graphical information. The graph tables have hotlinks to original images, each containing a complete set of curves, loss and storage moduli, and tan delta for a given grade. The images contain additional information on test conditions and X, Y values for characteristic points, such as glass transition. The curves can also Dynamic Mechanical Analysis for Plastics be accessed under the general graph node, which contains graph tables Engineering Sepe, M.P. with information about many different materials. Up to twelve at a time This book is an ideal introduction to this complex field for the non- specialist. It opens with an introduction to the key principles of EU Food Law and the main mechanisms of enforcement. The following chapters cover legislation in specific areas including hygiene, additives, and functional foods. With its distinguished team of contributors, it highlights the key issues so those non-specialists can understand the legislation and what it means for them. It is designed to help readers ask the right questions when developing and marketing products in the European EU Food Law - A Practical Guide Goodburn, K. Union, and to provide answers to those questions. This handbook presents over 2,100 curves of 18 types for 69 generic families of plastics, including over 360 different grades. Test conditions, including temperature and applied stress are given. It contains creep property data for the following stress types: tension, flexure, impact, torsion, and compression. These terms are posted in the field Load Type. There are 91 Poisson’s ratio values in this handbook. Poisson’s ratio is the ratio of transverse strain to the corresponding axial strain resulting from uniformly distributed axial stress below the proportional limit of the material. Since material description is very important for the proper evaluation of creep property data, each material is described in this handbook on three levels. Every material is identified by generic family and often by chemical name. The generic family name is a plastics industry-recognized name for a polymeric material. For some materials like fluoroplastics, the generic family name is expanded into a more specific chemical name. On the Effect of Creep and Other Time Related hierarchically highest level, all materials are separated into four classes: Factors on Plastics and Elastomers n/a thermosets, thermoplastics, rubbers, and thermoplastic elastomers. This handbook presents an extensive compilation that illustrates how sterilization methods, and their assistant media affect the properties and characteristics 69 different plastics and elastomers. The four commonly used methods of sterilization are Ethylene Oxide, Irradiation, Steam and Dry Heat. This database serves to turn the vast amount of disparate information from wide ranging sources into useful engineering knowledge. The data provided ranges from a general overview of the compatibility of various plastics and elastomers to sterilization methods to detailed discussions and test results. Additional data on the resistance of plastics and elastomers to chemicals used in sterilization and to other fluids of medical significance is presented. The most complete information for each test is provided, as well as information for as many sterilization methods and material combinations as possible. Data appear in textual, tabular, and graphical forms. Textual information is useful as it is often the only information available or the only way to Effect of Sterilization Methods on Plastics provide an expansive discussion of test results. Tables and graphs and Elastomers n/a provide detailed test results in a clear, concise manner. This handbook is a comprehensive source of numeric data on the effect of temperature and on other environmental factors such as humidity on mechanical, electric, and thermal properties of commercial plastics. This handbook presents over 1,700 curves of 53 types for 52 generic families of plastics, including over 330 different grades. The mechanical properties of materials vary depending on the type of stress applied. This handbook also contains mechanical property data for the following stress types: tension, flexure, torsion, impact, and compression. These terms are posted in the filed Load Type. Each material is described in this handbook on three levels. Every material is identified by generic family and often by chemical name. On the hierarchically highest level, all materials are separated into three classes: thermosets, thermoplastics, and thermoplastic elastomers. Data are compiled from various published and limited distribution sources, including commercial Effect of Temperature and Other Factors catalogs, journal articles, technical reports, materials information sheets, on Plastics n/a etc. Most of the test data is produced by the material manufacturers. This handbook is an extensive compilation that illustrates how the elements of weathering affect the properties and characteristics of 89 plastics and elastomers. This volume serves to turn the vast amount of disparate information from wide ranging sources (i.e. conference proceedings, test laboratories, materials suppliers, monographs, trade and technical journals) into useful engineering knowledge. The information provided ranges from a general overview of the resistance of various plastics and elastomers to weathering (ultraviolet light, moisture, heat) to detailed discussions and test results. At the same time, an effort is made to provide information for as many weathering tests and conditions (i.e. outdoor, outdoor accelerated, artificial accelerated, indoor, microbiologic attack, etc.) and material combinations as possible. Results of weathering exposure for more than 80 families of plastics and elastomers are presented in textual, graphical and tabular formats. Textual information is useful as it is often the only information Effect of UV Light and Weather on available or the only way to provide an expansive discussion of test Plastics and Elastomers n/a results. This is especially true in the case of weathering data where This extensively updated second edition was created for medical device, medical packaging, and food packaging design engineers, material product technical support, and research/development personnel. This comprehensive databook contains important characteristics and properties data on the effects of sterilization methods on plastics and elastomers.Data is presented on 43 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials, including biodegradable or organic polymers. New to this edition are resin chapters containing textual summary information Effects of Sterilization Methods on including: category; general description; applications; resistances to Plastics and Elastomers - The Definitive particular sterilization methods; and regulatory status considerations for User's Guide and Databook (2nd Edition) Massey, Liesl K. use in medical devices and medical/food packaging. In this detail-by-detail, quick-reference sourcebook, the author focuses on easy-to-understand electrical system concepts, calculations, and code requirements that are most frequently encountered in a typical electrical system installation. This book gives a wealth of practical advice backed by hundreds of tables, sample calculations, charts, diagrams, and illustrations that will enable you to quickly and easily: Plan and design projects; Determine space requirements for equipment installations; Properly size equipment and distribution components; Ensure adequate short-circuit protection; Provide proper over-current protection and coordination; Comply with building codes and industry Electrical Construction Databook Hickey, R.B. standards. This book brings together the entire technology of electrical equipment application in explosive atmospheres. It concentrates on ways to determine atmospheric contamination by explosive fuels and by electrical equipment construction, installation, operation, maintenance, and inspection. Specific topics include area classification, release rate calculation, design philosophy, explosion protected apparatus requirements, installation, inspection, radio frequency radiation, and Electrical Installations in Hazardous Areas n/a static electricity. This third edition incorporates revisions that cover the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, EC Directives on safety matters and many recent developments in safety legislation and guidance publications. W. Fordham Cooper drew on his long experience as HM Electrical Inspector of Factories and a consultant to the Insurance Technical Bureau to write this wide-ranging work. D.A. Dolbey Jones, who has revised this classic for its third edition, adds his own insights gained as an HM Senior Electrical Inspector with the Health and Safety Executive, responsible for steering the project on the Electricity at Work Regulations and the official Memorandum of Guidance on the Regulations; and as a Senior Engineering Inspector with the Department of Energy (now the DTI). Published guidance and other useful reference material is signposted throughout the book. Two new appendices deal Electrical Safety Engineering (3rd Edition) Cooper, W.F. with essential up-to-date publications. This book provides comprehensive coverage of electrical system installation within areas where flammable gases and liquids are handled and processed. The accurate hazard evaluation of flammability risks associated with chemical and petrochemical locations is critical in determining the point at which the costs of electrical equipment and installation is balanced with explosion safety requirements. The book Electrical Safety in Flammable Gas/Vapor offers the most current code requirements along with tables and Laden Atmospheres Korver, W.O.E. illustrations as analytic tools. The properties of electrically conducting, semiconducting and semi- insulating polymers are surveyed and their conduction mechanisms, Electrically Conductive Organic Polymers Cotts, D.B.; mechanical properties, and suitability for space-based use and other for Advanced Applications Reyes, Z. advanced applications are evaluated. A valuable must-have tool for electronic and optical engineers, this handbook is the only single-volume, tell-it-all guide to the use of optical devices and light in electronics systems. Developed by a towering figure in the field, this manual familiarizes you with UV, VUV and X-Ray lasers; visible, solid-state, semiconductor and infrared gas lasers; FEL and ultrashort laser pulses; visible and infrared optical materials; infrared and imaging detectors; optical fibers and fiber optic sensors; Waynant, R.W.; holography; laser spectroscopy and photochemistry; high resolution Electro-Optics Handbook (2nd Edition) Ediger, M.N. lithography for optoelectronics; and much more. This book describes the phenomenology, theory and potential Vayenas, Costas applications of the phenomenon of electrochemical promotion, where G.; Bebelis, electrochemically induced ion spillover activates and controls Symeon; Pliangos,heterogeneous catalysis. The origin of electrochemical promotion is Costas; Brosda, discussed in light of a plethora of surface spectroscopic and Electrochemical Activation of Catalysis - Susanne; electrochemical techniques. Electrochemical and classical promotion Promotion, Electrochemical Promotion, Tsiplakides, are compared, their common rules are identified and promotional and Metal-Support Interactions Demetrois kinetics are rigorously modeled and compared with experiment. This book is an in-depth review of the electrochemistry of semiconductors and electronic devices. For in the relentless pursuit of faster, more compact devices the limits of materials science are probed, setting ever higher goals for semiconductor purity, crystal uniformity and Electrochemistry of Semiconductors and McHardy, John; circuit density. This book reviews and describes possible Electronics - Processes and Devices Ludwig, Frank electrochemical avenues toward each of these goals. Electrodeposition allows the "tailoring" of surface properties of a bulk material or, in the case of electroforming, the entire part. Deposits can be produced to meet a variety of designer demands. For this reason and for the possibilities that exist in terms of "new materials" for a variety of applications, a thorough understanding of the materials science of Electrodeposition - The Materials Science electrodeposition is of utmost importance. This book provides that of Coatings and Substrates Dini, J.W. understanding. This book describes the chemical principles of the major electroless processes and the practical applications of these techniques in the industry. Thanks to the coordinated efforts of 26 individual authors - this Electroless Plating - Fundamentals and Mallory, Glenn O.; book fills the void which has existed for a complete reference on Applications Hajdu, June B. electroless deposition. Written for engineers by an engineer, this book will teach you everything you need to know about RF/high-speed design and electromagnetic fields. Learn hands-on, practical solutions to EMI/EMC that you can apply immediately to your projects and products. Incorporating practical viewpoints substituted for mathematical theory, this book is accessible to technologists and technicians in addition to engineers by demystifying topics often considered "black magic." Through straight-forward Electromagnetics Explained - A Handbook analogies and interesting examples ranging from lightning to electric for Wireless/RF, EMC, and High-Speed guitars, the author provides an explanation of electromagnetic fields that Electronics Schmitt, R. is not only practical and informative but also fascinating and exciting. A-Z guide to electrical/electronic and mechanical engineering design data. The ultimate sourcebook of electro-mechanical engineering design data is now better than ever, with thoroughly updated material, new discussions of engineering economics, elastomer springs, and a bounty of new drawings. This book gives you the know-how you need to develop parts, mechanisms, and assemblies, with thorough explanations of: Properties, uses, and strength of engineering materials; Machine element design and mechanisms; Basic pneumatics, hydraulics, air handling and heat; Fastener and joining techniques; Layout and fabrication practices, including castings, moldings, extrusions and Electromechanical Design Handbook (3rd powder metal technology; Finishes and plating practices; Dimensioning Edition) n/a and tolerancing practices. This book examines electronics reliability and measurement technology. It identifies advances in measurement science and technology for Electronics Reliability and Measurement nondestructive evaluation, and it details common measurement trouble Technology - Nondestructive Evaluation Heyman, J.S. spots. In the US, UK and Europe there is more than one notifiable dust or electrostatic explosion every day of the year. This clearly makes the hazards associated with the handling of materials that either cause or react to electrostatic discharge of vital importance to anyone associated with materials handling or industrial bulk use. This book provides a comprehensive guide to the dangers of static electricity and how to avoid them. It will prove invaluable to safety managers and professionals, as well as all personnel involved in the activities Lüttgens, G.; concerned in the chemical, agricultural, pharmaceutical and Electrostatic Hazards Wilson, N. petrochemical process industries. Written to educate industry line managers in the basics of electrostatics, this work offers selected information on the necessary tools for examining the hazard potential of common industrial processes. A Electrostatic Ignitions of Fires and selection of case histories illustrates sources of electrostatic ignition of Explosions Pratt, Thomas H. combustibles and strategies for preventing such incidents. This comprehensive sourcebook brings together a wealth of information on methods that can be used to safely size emergency relief systems for two-phase vapor-liquid flow for flashing or frozen, viscous or nonviscous Emergency Relief System Design Using fluids. Design methodologies are illustrated by selected sample DIERS Technology - The Design Institute Fisher, H.G.; problems. Written by industrial experts in the safety field, this book will for Emergency Relief Systems (DIERS) Forrest, H.S.; be invaluable to those charged with operating, designing, or managing Project Manual Grossel, S.S. today's and tomorrow's chemical process industry facilities. This book describes more than 1500 emulsifying agents currently available for industrial use. It has been compiled from information received from manufacturers and distributors of these products. Emulsifiers are used in industries such as food processing, drilling fluids, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, heavy duty cleaners, textile manufacture, pulp and paper processing, adhesives, sealants, and Emulsifying Agents - An Industrial Guide Flick, Ernest W. agricultural products. Polymer blending is nearly as old as the polymers themselves. However, the literature dedicated to this technology is relatively recent, and primarily focused on the academic aspects of polymer blends. It seems that there is a dichotomy of efforts. On one hand, annually the industry generates about 30 million tons of blends, and on the other, academia produces over 10,000 publications dedicated mainly to studies of model systems. The Encyclopedic Dictionary discusses blends available in the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Commercial world market. The information comes directly from manufacturers. Polymer Blends Utracki, L.A. Provides coverage of a wide range of topics contributed by experts world wide. The work emphasizes the chemicals used in agriculture for management of pests, their development, use, metabolism, toxicology and mode of action. These chemicals include pesticides, such as the herbicides (weed killers), insecticides and fungicides. Applications of biotechnology are included as are discussions of natural products and growth regulators. Fertilizers and soil fertility are covered at length as Plimmer, Jack R.; well as the persistence of pesticide residues, their degradation, Gammon, Derek environmental transport and implications of their residues in the Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals, Volumes W.; Ragsdale, environment. Toxicological and regulatory implications are included 1-3 Nancy N. throughout. This five-volume set presents the applications and established theories in biotechnology, focusing on industrial applications of fermentation, Encyclopedia of Bioprocess Technology - biocatalysis and bioseparation. It is an essential resource for anyone Fermentation, Biocatalysis, and Flickinger, Michael working in industrial biotechnology, biochemistry, genetics and Bioseparation, Volumes 1-5 C.; Drew, Stephen microbiology laboratories, pharmaceutical firms, regulatory agencies and W. chemical and environmental engineering companies. This three-volume encyclopedia offers extensive coverage in the closely related areas of chemical physics and physical chemistry. Focusing on both disciplines as interrelated, the Encyclopedia contains a wide variety of information to meet the special research needs of the chemical physicist and the physical chemist and, thus, enables specialists in both fields to conduct interdisciplinary research. Features include definitions of the scope of each subdiscipline and instructions on where to go for a more complete and detailed explanation. The Encyclopedia is also a helpful resource for graduate students because it gives a synopsis of the Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Moore, J.H.; basics and an overview of the range of activities in which physical Physical Chemistry, Volumes 1 - 3 Spencer, N.D. principles are applied to chemical problems. This two-volume set provides extensive coverage of drug delivery systems. Entries are arranged alphabetically and include topics such as the history and development of the field from 1975 to date; advantages and disadvantages of controlled release technology, and various systems for achieving it; pharmaceutical applications, approaches to achieve zero-release kinetics, and development of pulsatile delivery systems; stabilization and release characterizations of proteins; oral, nasal, ocular, and other specific routes of administration; methods of fabrication; factors affecting regulatory considerations; economic aspects; patents and other intellectual property rights; oligonucleotides Encyclopedia of Controlled Drug Delivery, and gene delivery; and polymer technology. Mathiowitz is associated Volumes 1-2 Mathiowitz, Edith with Brown University. This is a comprehensive volume on analytical techniques used in materials science for the characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films. This flagship volume is a unique, stand-alone reference for Encyclopedia of Materials Brundle, materials science practitioners, process engineers, students and anyone Characterization - Surfaces, Interfaces, C.Richard; Evans, with a need to know about the capabilities available in materials Thin Films Charles A. Jr.; analysis. An encyclopedia of 50 concise articles, this book will also be a Wilson, Shaun practical companion to the forthcoming books in the series. The field of molecular biology has revolutionized the study of biology. The applications to medicine are enormous, ranging from diagnostic techniques for disease and genetic disorders, to drugs, to gene therapy. Focusing on the fundamentals of molecular biology and encompassing all aspects of the expression of genetic information, this encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, will become the first point of reference for both newcomers and Volumes 1-4 Creighton, established professionals in molecular biology needing to learn about Thomas C. any particular aspect of the field. Smart materials, materials and structures that can impart information about their environment to an observer or monitoring device are revolutionizing fields as diverse as engineering, optics, and medical technology. Advances in smart materials are impacting disciplines across the scientific and technological landscape. This encyclopedia is as broad in scope as the technology itself, addressing daily, commercial applications as well as sophisticated units designed to operate in space, underwater, underground, and within the human body. Extensively cross- referenced and generously supplemented with bibliographies and indexes, this book's treatment also broaches the specialized properties Encyclopedia of Smart Materials, Volumes and coatings that are required for the use of materials in extreme 1-2 Schwartz, Mel conditions. Long-term environmental effects of chemical exposure have long been of concern and, more recently, chemicals which cause changes to the sexual development of exposed organisms have been identified. It is thought that low-level exposure to a range of chemicals may be affecting endocrine function, leading to a reduction in fertility and an increase in reproductive cancers. This 12th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology reviews the scientific evidence and attempts to put the subject into context. Along with an overview of the issue, there is discussion of the specialised aspects in relation to wildlife; Hester, R.E.; environmental oestrogens and male reproduction; and naturally Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Harrison, R.M. occurring oestrogenic substances. This primary reference, how-to guide, and sourcebook for energy conservation lets you improve efficiency and save money in all types of buildings and plants, ranging from individual houses to commercial buildings to large institutions and industrial plants. It is organized around 400 logically grouped energy conservation actions, presented in language that everyone understands.It's for everyone who uses energy, pays for utilities, manages property, operates energy systems, designs, builds, and values conservation and the environment. It's loaded with features that help you quickly find the right information for each application. "Ratings" and "Selection Scorecards" identify your best Wulfinghoff, conservation opportunities. "Traps & Tricks" ensure success. Energy Efficiency Manual Donald R. "Economics" estimate savings and costs. One of the most important, and most used handbooks for those responsible for documentation in any engineering process. Real world Engineering Documentation Control examples, flowcharts, and diagrams outline effective practices in an Handbook (2nd Edition) Watts, F.B. easily read handbook. This book provides a valuable insight into the equipment and methods generally used in taking measurements, and helps engineers avoid or minimize the inaccuracies that can arise even when using highly Engineering Measurements - Methods Polak, T.A.; accurate instruments. Many of the commonly used measurement and Intrinsic Errors Pande, C. methods are described, together with their pitfalls and problems. A comprehensive professional reference or graduate-level textbook, presenting the theory, techniques, and applications of engineering optimization. Essential proofs and explanations of the various techniques are presented in a simple manner, and new concepts are illustrated with numerical examples. The coverage includes linear and nonlinear programming, integer programming, and stochastic programming techniques, as well as some recently developed methods such as genetic algorithms, simulated annealing, neural-network-based Engineering Optimization - Theory and methods, and fuzzy optimization. Includes a large number of solved Practice (3rd Edition) Rao, Singiresu S. examples and review questions. This book fills in many of the gaps in engineering education by showing students and professionals, the historical background of problem solving. Among those who will find this book particularly useful are engineers working in cross-disciplinary capacities, such as mechanical engineers working with electrical engineering concepts or polymeric materials, engineers preparing for professional engineering exams, mid- Engineering Problem Solving - A Classical career engineers looking to broaden their problem-solving skills, and Perspective Shaw, M.C. students looking for help growing their skills. This handbook is a new systematic approach to engineering documentation, therefore, it will simplify the end users ability to set up or enhance their engineering documentation requirements. Companies with small manual systems, to large scale mass production facilities, can use this handbook to tailor their engineering documentation requirements. If an individual or company wishes to create or improve an engineering documentation system, there is no need to start from scratch. Instead, use this new handbook, complete with 47 specially designed forms and with procedures that cover every major aspect of a Engineering Procedures Handbook Cloud, P.A. comprehensive engineering documentation system. Most machines and structures are required to operate with low levels of vibration as smooth running leads to reduced stresses, fatigue and noise. This book provides a thorough explanation of the principles and methods used to analyze the vibration of engineering systems, Engineering Vibration Analysis with combined with a description of how these techniques and results can be Application to Control Systems Beards, C.F. applied to the study of control system dynamics. This new and revised second edition teaches the beginning engineer the principles of rubber science and technology-what rubber is, how it behaves, and how to design simple engineering components.This book deals with some basic principles on which successful use of rubber depends: How is an elastomer chosen and a formulation developed? Why is rubber highly elastic and relatively strong? How can one estimate the stiffness, strength, and durability of rubber products? Review problems appear at the end of most chapters, along with the answers to these problems, making this book perfect for those new to Engineering with Rubber - How to Design the field, and senior undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in Rubber Components (2nd edition) Gent, Alan N. materials science and engineering. This book is intended to be used as a 'first port of call' for information on pressure equipment. It tries to incorporate both technical and administrative aspects of vessel manufacture and use, introducing the basic principles of pressure equipment design, manufacture, quality assurance/inspection, and operation during its working life. There is some well-established content and a few newer ideas. It makes references to the most commonly used pressure vessel codes and Engineers' Guide to Pressure Equipment - standards, making attempts to simplify their complex content into a form The Pocket Reference Matthews, Clifford that is easier to understand. This book incorporates both technical and administrative aspects of rotating equipment manufacture and use, introducing the basic principles of balancing, vibration, noise, and inspection and testing of a wide range of equipment. It makes reference to the most commonly used current and recent technical codes and standards, and simplifies their complex content into a form that is easier to understand. Covering the practical, theoretical, and legislative aspects of rotating equipment Engineers' Guide to Rotating Equipment - technology, this book is packed with information, technical data, The Pocket Reference Matthews, Clifford illustrations, tables, and checklists. This 3 volume set focuses on the environmental effects of potentially dangerous, federally regulated chemicals as well as those chemicals of special interest to safety professionals. Offers a quick reference to practical, critical, and often difficult to find information on potentially Environmental Contaminant Reference dangerous chemical releases. This handbook is a valuable reference Databook, Volumes 1-3 compendium of the physical, chemical, and biological properties of Prager, Jan C. environmental chemicals and mixtures. Updated to cover new laws and standards, including Federal Safe Drinking Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and the Clean Air Act of 1990. Applies sanitation and engineering theory and principles to environmental control in urban, suburban and rural communities. Engineering design, construction, operation and maintenance details are provided throughout as they relate to plants and structures. Topics include: disease control, water supply, wastewater treatment and disposal, air pollution and noise control, radiation uses and protection, recreation areas, solid waste management and much Environmental Engineering (5th Edition) n/a more. This book underlines the differences in health priorities that exist around the world, and cautions against the export of inappropriate attitudes from developed to less developed countries. Case studies of malaria in South Africa and cholera in Peru show the fatal consequences of allowing western preoccupations with trivial risks (such as the cancer effects of Environmental Health - Third World Mooney, L.; Bate, pesticide residues in foods and chlorine compounds in water) to Problems - First World Preoccupations R. influence health policy in the third world. In today's automated world, the need for economic generation of power is of vital importance. However, the industry is commonly perceived as being responsible for pollution of the atmosphere and contamination of land and water. Encompassing areas as diverse as current performance standards, the use of nuclear fuel and a historical overview of electricity supply, this 11th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology aims to contribute to the public understanding of science in this important area. The emotive issues of air pollution and the Environmental Impact of Power Hester, R.E.; ecological effects of overhead power lines are tackled, along with Generation Harrison, R.M. energy efficiency and conservation. Simultaneous action of stress and strain on plastics in contact with specific fluids causes the onset of cracking and embrittlement of plastic known as environmental stress cracking. Since this is responsible for 15% of all failures of plastics components, environmental stress cracking has long been the subject of intensive research. This volume reviews factors that influence environmental stress cracking, and the current state of knowledge regarding many families of plastics. Various types of damage, from disfiguring to catastrophic, are discussed in this volume, with the period of time over which the damage occurs. Plastics designers and specifiers will benefit from the wealth of information and Environmental Stress Cracking of Plastics Wright, D.C. data provided. This volume has been prepared for the Environmental and Health & Safety Manager. The EH&S manager is a new breed of corporate professionals that is faced with the responsibility of handling both environmental policy/issues and occupational safety issues within organizations. Throughout the 1980s there was a proliferation of health and safety departments, environmental compliance personnel, and technical people associated with handling pollution control and waste management. American industry has been over the last several years contracting and downsizing their operations. In doing so, many corporations, large and small, are demanding greater responsibilities be delegated to middle and line function management. In this regard, many corporations today are moving towards a single management entity, the Environmental and Health & Safety Cheremisinoff, EH&S manager, with responsibilities requiring extensive knowledge of Management - A Guide to Compliance N.P.; Graffia, M.L. both the environmental statutes and OSHA standards. This book, written by international experts, discusses the various waste disposal options that are available (landfill, incineration, composting, recycling) and then reviews their impact on the environment, and particularly on human health. Comprehensive and highly topical, this Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Hester, R.E.; book will make a strong contribution to scientific knowledge in the area, Waste Management Activities Harrison, R.M. and will be of value to scientists and policy-makers. The second edition of this popular industrial guide describes over 2800 currently available epoxy resins, curing agents, compounds, and modifiers, based on information supplied by 71 manufacturers or distributors of these products. Each raw material or product is described, as available, with typical assay or checkpoint figures and a brief summary of important features or applications. Additional sections Epoxy Resins, Curing Agents, useful to the reader are the Suppliers Addresses and a Trade Name Compounds, and Modifiers (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. Index. This book, useful for safety managers, chemists, and engineers alike, Johnson, Robert. helps both small and large companies identify, address, and manage W.; Rudy, Steven chemical reactivity hazards. Free distribution of this book on Essential Practices for Managing W.; Unwin, www.knovel.com has been made possible by the , , , , , and . For free Chemical Reactivity Hazards Stephen D. access to this title, . This book covers a wide variety of topics from cleaning and sanitizing compounds, systems, and equipment to food sanitation in various types of food processing such as dairy products, seafood, meat, poultry, etc. Each chapter provides food handlers and students with interesting real- life reports of recent food sanitation problems, plus different techniques to ensure a firm understanding of the subject, including: visual aids, a comprehensive glossary, several summaries, study questions, references, chapter bibliographies, a resource section on how to learn more about the topic, and case studies. A thorough discussion of Marriott, Norman HACCP and how a HACCP system relates to quality assurance and Essentials of Food Sanitation G. sanitation functions is also outlined in the text. This volume shows designers and operators of chemical facilities how to realistically estimate the flammable mass in a cloud of accidentally released material that is capable of igniting. It includes: * Information on how flammable mass estimates are used* Industry experience with flammable vapor clouds* Basic concepts of fires and explosions* Better Estimating the Flammable Mass of a Woodward, John and less expensive building design * Determination of flammable mass* Vapor Cloud L. An overview of related computer programs. Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA), a powerful tool for managing risk and improving safety, provides a rational basis for evaluating process safety and comparing improvement alternatives. Based on the hands-on experience of CPI risk assessment practitioners and safety professionals, this guide helps managers make more informed decisions about:* Deciding when use of QRA is most appropriate, and which type of QRA to use. * Types of information available from QRA studies, assumptions, and limitations. * Interpreting and using QRA results, risk Evaluating Process Safety in the perception and communication, and pitfalls in using QRA results. Chemical Industry - A User's Guide to Arendt, J.S.; Evaluating Process Safety was a joint project of CCPS and the Quantitative Risk Analysis Lorenzo, D.K. American Chemistry Council (ACC). Worldwide, extrusion lines successfully process more plastics into products than other processes by consuming at least 36 wt% of all plastics. They continue to find practical solutions for new products and/or problems to meet new product performances. This book, with its practical industry reviews, is a unique handbook (the first of its kind) that covers over a thousand of the potential combinations of basic variables or problems with solutions that can occur from up-stream to down- Extruding Plastics - A Practical stream equipment. Guidelines are provided for maximizing processing Processing Handbook Rosato, D.V. efficiency and operating at the lowest possible cost. Extrusion cooking is the ideal method for manufacturing a number of food products from snacks and breakfast cereals to baby foods. However, as a complex multivariate process it requires careful control if product quality is to be maintained. Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with an international team of contributors, this important collection reviews some of the key factors affecting quality and how they can be controlled in manufacturing a range of extruded products. It will Extrusion Cooking - Technologies and be widely welcomed as a key reference in maximizing the quality of Applications Guy, R. extruded products. The new edition of this well-received book provides a comprehensive account of the full range of dies used for the extrusion of plastics and rubber, and incorporates all new developments and innovations in the field of extrusion and die design. The distinctive features of the various types of dies are described in detail. Advice on the configuration of dies is given, and the possibilities of computer-aided design, as well as its Extrusion Dies for Plastics and Rubber - limitations, are demonstrated. This detailed yet simplified approach will Design and Engineering Computations provide daily support for plastics engineers while also offering a solid (3rd Edition) Michaeli, Walter foundation for those who are training in this field. This all-in-one handbook covers techniques used for selecting appropriate piping, valves, pumps, tanks, and other equipment involved with piping systems both inside of buildings and on site. Systems for proper facility functioning, enhancing building aesthetics, and efficient production and manufacturing are discussed in depth. Using a total systems approach, this handbook progresses from fundamentals of system and component operation to a design procedure that allows quick and accurate component and pipe sizing. Complete with formulas, Facility Piping Systems Handbook (2nd charts, and tables that increase your efficiency on the job, this handbook Edition) Frankel, Michael will prove invaluable at the workplace. This book is intended to provide the reader with an understanding of how to investigate, and solve, the premature failures of industrial coatings. The cracking, peeling, and blistering of coatings can result in widespread damage to the substrates which they are intended to protect, and can result in serious financial consequences. A sound knowledge of coatings chemistry, coupled with a firm understanding of Weldon, Dwight, the many field and laboratory techniques available for analyzing such Failure Analysis of Paints and Coatings G. problems, will aid the investigator in solving such failures. This handbook is a unique database reference covering fatigue behavior and friction and wear characteristics of 106 plastics and elastomers. Data presented details the differences in behavior between generic families of plastic and rubber materials. Also covered are differences within the same generic family due to factors such as temperature, test frequency and mating surface details (in the case of tribological properties) or material characteristics such as sample preparation and material composition. Also covered are the tribological (friction and wear) properties of plastics and elastomers. Tribological information is presented as combinations of text, graphs, and tables. Textual data are presented as concise discussions of topics relating to the friction and wear behavior of the material of interest. Graphs show how variables Fatigue and Tribological Properties of Plastics Design affect the friction and wear properties. Tables cover coefficient of friction Plastics and Elastomers Library Staff data, wear factor (K), wear rate, PV Limits and abrasion resistance data. Examines the conversion of plastic wastes into valuable chemicals useful as fuels or raw materials. Describes the alternatives in areas Aguado, Jose; including chemical depolymerization, thermal processes, oxidation and Feedstock Recycling of Plastic Wastes Serrano, David P. hydrogenation. This second edition is a well-rounded, up-to-date handbook of fermentation and biochemical engineering presenting the latest techniques for the commercial production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals via fermentation. Emphasis is given to unit operations fermentation, separation, purification, and recovery. Principles, process design, and equipment are detailed. Environment aspects are covered. The practical aspects of development, design, and operation are Fermentation and Biochemical stressed. Theory is included to provide the necessary insight for a Engineering Handbook - Principles, particular operation. Problems addressed are the collection of pilot data, Process Design, and Equipment (2nd Vogel, H.C.; choice of scale-up parameters, selection of the right piece of equipment, Edition) Tadaro, C.L. pinpointing of likely trouble spots, and methods of troubleshooting. A reference and support manual for the production of safely fermented foods, offering help for food preparation in the home and in the industrial sector. Covers all major food groups, from dairy to meats, and discusses such issues as chemical hazards and their control, toxic nitrogen compounds during processing, and the control of microbiological hazards.Among the topics are why fermented foods can be safe, toxins, bacteria, endogenous compounds, benefits of genetic modifications, and Fermentation and Food Safety n/a assessing the safety of probiotics and starters. Fiber Optic Component Design, Documents recommendations and guidelines for system designers and Fabrication, Testing, Operation, Reliability Christian N.L.; planners to assure reliable, maintainable, and supportable use of fiber and Maintainability Passauer, L.K. optic components. In this book particular attention is given to the chemistry of sol-gel derived oxide and preceramic polymer derived nonoxide ceramic fibers and matrices, emphasizing their properties and characteristics. Theory, modeling and processing methodologies used for the research and developement and manufacturing of advanced structural ceramic Fiber Reinforced Ceramic Composites Mazdiyasni, K.S. composites are included. This book has been prepared as a reference on manufacturing techniques and applications of fiberglass reinforced plastics. It provides discussion of properties and concepts, and is written for the potential user to summarize advantages in usage. The book contains 9 chapters of discussion of relationships between polymers, reinforcements and uses, as well as a useful glossary of plastics and engineering terms.There is a wide interest in fiberglass reinforced plastics due to useful properties which meet a great many product and use requirements, as well as the relative ease with which such products can be fabricated. Fiberglass reinforced plastics find applications in transportation, marine, construction, electronics, recreation, aircraft, aerospace and numerous manufacturing industries. These plastics have virtually displaced wood in the marine industry, and applications Cheremisinoff, replacing metals in other areas continue to grow. The user of this book N.P.; will find practical and useful information for design, engineering, plant Cheremisinoff, and maintenance. Presented are the technology and applications to Fiberglass Reinforced Plastics P.N. serve the varied interests of readers in diverse industries. With numerous contributors, industrial and academic, from North America, Europe and Japan, this volume deals with the manufacturing processes for preparing very thin polymer products. These processes have developed into what is arguably the single largest outlet for synthetic polymers. Developments in polymer design and process hardware and operating techniques that permit increasingly high Kanai, Toshitaka; production rates, optimum property development, unusual degrees of Campbell, molecular orientation and the co-extrusion of multi-layer, multi- Film Processing Gregory, A, component film and sheet are covered. This extensively revised and updated second edition of the only data handbook available on the engineering properties of commercial polymeric films details many physical, mechanical, optical, electrical, and permeation properties within the context of specific test parameters, providing a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families. Data are presented on the characteristics of 47 major plastic and elastomer packaging materials. New to this edition, the resin chapters each contain textual summary information including category, general description, processing methods, Film Properties of Plastics and Elastomers applications, and other facts as appropriate, such as reliability, - A Guide to Non-Wovens in Packaging weatherability, and regulatory approval considerations for use in food Applications (2nd Edition) Massey, Liesl, K. and medical packaging. Extensive references are provided. Written by the pre-eminent professors in their fields, this new edition maintains the comprehensive style of the earlier editions and authoritatively incorporates the latest developments of this dynamic field. Expanded to three volumes the book now covers the basis of the method and its application to advanced solid mechanics and also advanced fluid dynamics. Volume 1: The Basis is intended as a broad overview of the Finite Element Method. Aimed at undergraduates, Finite Element Method (5th Edition) Zienkiewicz, O.C.; postgraduates and professional engineers, it provides a complete Volume 1 - The Basis Taylor, R.L. introduction to the method. This volume provides coverage of the concepts necessary to model behaviour, such as viscoelasticity, plasticity and creep, as well as shells and plates. Includes up-to-date coverage of new linked interpolation methods for shell and plate formations. Contains new material on non- Finite Element Method (5th Edition) Zienkiewicz, O.C.; linear geometry, stability and buckling of structures and large Volume 2 - Solid Mechanics Taylor, R.L. deformations. This volume includes coverage of the whole range of fluid dynamics including incompressible slow viscous flow, high-speed supersonic flows, shallow water flow, ocean waves, and metal and plastic forming. Provides up-to-date material on the characteristic Galerkin Method. Finite Element Method (5th Edition) Zienkiewicz, O.C.; Contains new methodologies for dealing with supersonic and hypersonic Volume 3 - Fluid Dynamics Taylor, R.L. behaviours including new material on free surface phenomena. This book was written to address the science and engineering information needs of public and private sector fire technology personnel including fire service students and officers, fire investigators, fire protection engineers, government officials, textile, chemical, and furniture industry personnel, or institutional furniture purchasers. In the United States alone, deaths due to furniture and bed fires still rank as the top most category of fire losses. The flammability of upholstered furniture is a major concern of engineers and others across a wide swath of organizations. This book was written to provide its audience Krasny, J.F.; with the science and engineering needed to better understand the Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture Parker, W.J.; combustibility of the products they manufacture, purchase, and try to and Mattresses Babrauskas, V. extinguish. This book describes fixed firewater pump installations for industrial facilities from the viewpoint of the end users, fire protection engineers, loss prevention professionals and those just entering a career in which decisions about fire pump installations must be made. Therefore much Fire Fighting Pumping Systems at background information is given for the necessary requirements and Industrial Facilities Nolan, D.P. usefulness of a firewater pump and the services that interface with it. This authoritative reference work will provide a comprehensive source of information for readers concerned with the highly diverse subject of fire retardance. The emphasis is on the burning behaviour and flame retarding properties of polymeric materials. It covers combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products generally and goes on to concentrate on more material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites and bulk polymers. A wide range of fire retardant Horrocks, A.R.; materials are covered including research in the new field of Fire Retardant Materials Price, D. nanocomposites. This handbook provides ready information on the fire and chemical reactivity of commonly used chemicals. Its purpose is to provide basic information important to the safe handling of chemicals and to help provide guidance in responding to a hazardous materials incident, in particular, incidents involving reactive chemicals and materials posing fire and explosion hazards. This volume has been written for chemical handling specialists, first responders to hazardous materials incidents, and firefighters. The basic definition used for a hazard materials incident is any situation that may potentially lead to catastrophic fire or explosion, and or human exposure to a toxic chemical. This situation may result from a spill of a hazardous material, a leak from a storage vessel or Davletshina, T.A.; shipping container, or the mixing of incompatible chemicals whereby a Fire and Explosion Hazards Handbook of Cheremisinoff, chemical reaction could occur resulting in the release of energy and Industrial Chemicals N.P. generation of toxic and perhaps flammable by-products. This book organizes and presents all design aspects of snap-fits with an emphasis on the systems level thinking required to create world-class attachments.This book is a very good reference for designing plastic snap-fit features. It discusses snap fit mechanisms, locators, locating schemes and overconstraints, design-for-assembly, and the snap-fit function from the end user point-of-view. It includes formulas for calculating all of the important functions to predict a design. It goes through a logical design sequence to create a snap-fit design that works First Snap-Fit Handbook - Creating Bonenberger, Paul in your particular application and identifies what you should and should Attachments for Plastic Parts R. not do. Large scale manufacturing of liquid crystal flat panel displays (LCDs) by Japan brought the world's attention to the existence of an enormous market potential exists when there are alternatives to the cathode ray tube (CRT). The Japanese have recognized that new display technologies are critical to making their products highly competitive in the world market. The CRT is losing market share to the solid-state flat panel display. Japan currently holds 90% of the market, and this book outlines opportunities in the former Soviet Union, where companies with the necessary technology are seeking partners, investment, and manufacturing opportunities. Entire cities that were once not even on the map due to their military mission, are now appearing, filled with state-of- Tannas, L.E.; the-art electronic technology. The book is developed from the reports Flat-Panel Display Technologies - Japan, Glenn, W.E.; issued by investigators based on their field visits to 33 sites in Japan, Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus Doane, J.W. and 26 sites in Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. This edition provides an updated presentation of the earlier material, but some have been rewritten completely by different scientists. The first chapter provides an overview of the field of muscle food flavor research while Chapter 2 discusses its chemistry. Meanwhile, Chapters 3 to 8 present a concise account of the flavor of different species of muscle foods, namely beef, pork, poultry, sheep, fish and shellfish. In Chapters 9 to 15, the role of meat constituents and processing on flavor is described. The final section of the book (Chapters 16 to 18) summarizes Flavor of Meat, Meat Products and analytical methodologies for assessing the flavor quality of meat, meat Seafoods (2nd Edition) Shahidi, F. products and seafoods. This book extends the classical field of fluid dynamics into the realm of scientific computing in a way that is both comprehensive and accessible to the beginner. It serves as an introductory course in fluid mechanics, covering traditional topics in a way that unifies theory, computation, computer programming, and numerical simulation. The audience includes not only advanced undergraduate and entry-level graduate students, but also a broad class of scientists and engineers with a general interest in scientific computing. Two distinguishing features of the discourse are: solution procedures and algorithms are developed immediately after problem formulations are presented; and numerical Fluid Dynamics - Theory, Computation, methods are introduced on a need-to-know basis and in increasing order and Numerical Simulation Pozrikidis, C. of difficulty. In preparing the second edition of this book, the authors have been concerned to maintain or expand those aspects of the subject that are specific to chemical and process engineering. Thus, the chapter on gas- liquid two-phase flow has been greatly extended to cover flow in the bubble regime as well as to provide an introduction to the homogeneous model and separated flow model for the other flow regimes. The chapter on non-Newtonian flow has also been extended to provide a greater emphasis on the Rabinowitsch-Mooney equation and its modification to deal with cases of apparent wall slip often encountered in the flow of Fluid Flow for Chemical Engineers (2nd Holland, F.A.; suspensions. An elementary discussion of viscoelasticity has also been Edition) Bragg, R. given. This book presents the many advances that have been made to the art and science of turbomachinery design during the past 20 years. Knowledge of the flow processes within turbomachines has increased dramatically, resulting in the appearance of new and innovative designs. Some of the long-standing, apparently intractable problems such as surge and rotating stall have begun to yield new methods of control. Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of New types of flow machines have made their appearance and changes Turbomachinery (4th Edition) Dixon, S.L. have been made to established design procedures. This book covers the basics of fluid power as well as troubleshooting techniques. Provides must-have information to plant and maintenance engineers and operators, and includes a substantial section on pneumatics. Contains invaluable information for maintenance and plant managers wanting to increase their own knowledge, plan or provide Fluid Power Dynamics Mobley, R.K. training, and to operators needing to improve their skills. This volume, Fluidization, Solids Handling, and Processing, is the first of a series of volumes on "Particle Technology". Particles are important products of chemical process industries spanning the basic and specialty chemicals, agricultural products, pharmaceuticals, paints, dyestuffs and pigments, cement, ceramics, and electronic materials. Solids handling and processing technologies are thus essential to the operation and competitiveness of these industries. Fluidization technology is employed not only in chemical production, it also is applied in coal gasification and combustion for power generation, mineral processing, food processing, soil washing and other related waste treatment, environmental remediation, and resource recovery processes. The FCC (Fluid Catalytic Cracking) technology commonly Fluidization, Solids Handling, and employed in the modern petroleum refineries is also based on Processing - Industrial Applications Yang, W-C. fluidization principles. Speaking to the needs of today's engineering and science students and practicing professionals, The Definitive User's Guide and Databank provides an in-depth treatment of homofluoropolymer polymerization and part fabrication technology. A comprehensive range of issues surrounding the manufacturing of the monomer; polymer, fabrication, end-use, safety, and disposal are covered. The book has been arranged Fluoroplastics, Volume 1 - Non-Melt to allow self-managed reading and learning. It is both a source of data Processible Fluoroplastics Ebnesajjad, S. and a reference. This is the second volume of the Fluoroplastics series. It is devoted to the melt-processible fluoropolymers and their polymerization and fabrication techniques, including injection molding, wire, tube, film extrusion, rotational molding, blow molding, compression molding, and transfer molding. It comprehensively details the properties, characteristics, applications, safety, disposal, and recycling of melt- processible fluoropolymers for immediate use by today's practicing engineers and scientists in the plastics industry. Professionals and Fluoroplastics, Volume 2 - Melt students will benefit from the book's arrangement and extensive Processible Fluoropolymers n/a references. This handbook is a self-contained collection of data and information on applications of fluoropolymers components for corrosion control in chemical processing industries. Because of their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for preserving the purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries. This complete compendium of information about fluoropolymer lining Fluoropolymers Applications in Chemical Ebnesajjad, Sina; materials and structural piping and tubing contains problem-solving tools Processing Industries - The Definitive Khaladkar, Pradip for chemical processing professionals: equipment manufacturers, plant User's Guide and Databook R. operators, and product design and manufacturing engineers. This book provides an introduction to the sciences of food chemistry and risk analysis and demonstrates how the potential hazards associated with food chemicals can be assessed and managed. Food scares are never far from the news and particular attention is therefore focused on the consumer perception of risk and risk communication. Leading international experts provide unique insights in the future of food chemical risk analysis. Chapters on alternatives to animal testing show how emerging methods offer the prospect of a more rational human- based approach to toxicity testing. Discussions about relative risks and protective factors highlight the possibility that risks from food can be Food Chemical Risk Analysis Tennant, David R. over estimated and approaches to avoid such risks are proposed. This volume provides comprehensive information about contaminants in the food industry. The book opens with an explanation of risk analysis and analytical methods used for detecting contaminants in food products. This is followed by full details of relevant EU and USA Food Chemical Safety, Volume 1 - regulations. The second part of the book provides information about Contaminants Watson, D.H. specific contaminants. The use of additives in foods remains both widespread and, for some consumers, controversial. Additives are used for a wide range of purposes, particularly in improving the quality of food products. Whilst valuing products with the right taste, colour and texture and shelf-life, consumers have expressed reservations about the safety of the additives used to enhance these qualities. These concerns have increased the pressure on the food industry to demonstrate the safe use of additives in food. With its distinguished international team of contributors, this important collection reviews both the regulatory context Food Chemical Safety, Volume 2 - and the methods used to analyse, assess and control the use of Additives Watson, D.H. additives in food processing. Provides the accepted standards for quality and purity in food chemicals, officially referenced by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and many agencies in other countries. The Fifth Edition updates the field, incorporating the definitive monographs of previous editions with completely new material. Each monograph provides a physical description of the substance and its use in foods, lists its purity requirements, describes the appropriate tests to determine compliance, and provides packaging and storage guidelines. Other features include: New lower limits on contaminants Revised Lead and Heavy Metal Limits policy New analytical method for fluoride More accurate infrared spectra for identification Reordering and revision to make Food Chemicals Codex (5th Edition) n/a the book clearer and easier to use This guide looks at the background and principles of food dehydration, and provides a complete dictionary of food dehydration terms, with detailed definitions, and a directory of dehydrated foods. It serves as a Food Dehydration - A Dictionary and reference for students studying food science and technology, and for Guide Brennan, J.G. researchers and industry professions in the area. Provides a comprehensive review of the natural sources of flavor ingredients and the formulation, manufacture, and application of food flavorings, revised and updated to include recent advances in the field. This third edition adds new chapters on flavors used in pharmaceuticals and tobacco, flavor modifiers, and quality control. The other topics are essential oils; oleoresins, tinctures, and extracts; fruit juices; synthetic ingredients; beverage flavorings and their applications; confectionary and bakery products; savory flavors for snacks and crisps; thermal process flavorings; and the development of dairy flavorings. The composition of lemon and orange oils and the botanical classification of Food Flavorings (3rd Edition) Ashurst, Philip R. fruits are appended. This unique book is a well-respected, and highly successful, distillation of key information for the food industry. With authors from industry and academic world ensuring both commercial relevance and technological rigor, this book is bought by food scientists and technologists, processors, manufacturers, packagers and suppliers to the food industry. It has always been found as particularly useful for those relatively new to the industry who require quick access to well-written Ranken, M.D.; Kill, summaries of unfamiliar areas, and also to those longer serving R.C.; Baker, individuals who require a convenient reference source to subjects that Food Industries Manual (24th Edition) C.G.J. they perhaps have not needed to be up to date with in the recent past. This book is the first to have an industry rather than a medical focus and provides food industry professionals with an appreciation of food intolerance together with its diagnosis, symptoms and management. It will be an essential reference for the food industry, covering issues such as the handling of allergenic food in retail and manufacturing as well as Food Intolerance and the Food Industry Dean, T. applicable legislation. This reference guide is most valuable to the food industry, research institutions, academia, trade and consumer organisations. No library will be complete without it. This reference guide provides comprehensive information on all aspects of food irradiation in an easily accessible format. The dictionary style of the book (with extensive cross- referencing) provides clear and concise coverage of food irradiation.Contents include: Introduction (trends in food spoilage and safety, food preservation technologies, the use of ionising radiation); Food irradiation topics (from additives to yoghurt); List of entries by Wilkinson, V.M.; category (including listing by food groups and components, control of Food Irradiation Gould, G.W. microbiological hazards and irradiation methods). In 1997 the FDA approved the use of low-dose ionizing radiation to eliminate pathogens in red meat. This food processing technology can improve the safety of food and extend the shelf life of certain foods by eliminating pathogenic bacteria, parasites, and other microorganisms that cause food-borne disease. Currently, forty-two countries practice some form of food irradiation. This book provides a comprehensive, up- to-date account of food irradiation principles, effects, applications, and Food Irradiation - Principles and limitations, including global regulatory issues and the economics of food Applications Molins, Ricardo A. irradiation. Food labelling is one of the most important issues facing food manufacturers today. With the increased use of controversial techniques such as irradiation and the genetic modification of crops food manufacturers find themselves at the centre of an increasingly political debate. This is in addition to the existing complexities of producing labelling that fulfils the needs of consumer and regulator as well as the manufacturer's own technical and marketing departments. J. Ralph Blanchfield has brought together authors from around the world to provide a comprehensive guide to producing labelling that complies with existing legislation and satisfies the needs of all interested parties. This comprehensive book also provides a valuable insight into possible Food Labelling Blanchfield, J.R. future developments. This book provides an authoritative review of one of the most exciting and influential developments in the food industry. The modelling of food processes allows analysts not only to understand such processes more clearly but also to control them more closely and make predictions about Tijskens, L.M.M.; them. This book aids the search for greater and more consistent food Hertog, quality. Written by a distinguished international team of experts, it covers M.L.A.T.M.; both the range of modelling techniques and their practical applications Food Process Modelling Nicolaï, B.M. across the food chain. The first edition of Food processing and technology was quickly adopted as the standard text by many Food science and technology courses. This new edition has been thoroughly updated and considerably expanded to take account of the advances in technology that have taken place since the publication of the first edition.The book is split into five parts in which unit operations are grouped according to the nature of the heat transfer that takes place. Each chapter describes the theoretical and practical aspects of the unit operation including the formula required for calculation of processing parameters, sample problems and the Food Processing Technology - Principles effects on sensory characteristics and nutritional properties of selected and Practice (2nd Edition) Fellows, P.J. foods. Product development, from refining an established product range to developing completely new products, is the lifeblood of the food industry. It is, however, a process fraught with risk, which often ends in failure. This book explains the means to making product development a success. Filled with examples and practical suggestions, and written by a distinguished team with unrivalled academic and industry expertise, it Earle, M.; Earle, will be an essential guide for R & D and product development staff, and Food Product Development R.; Anderson, A. managers throughout the food industry concerned with this key issue. Approaching food safety from retail, commercial, and institutional angles, this authoritative resource analyzes every step of the food production process, from processing and packaging to handling and distribution. It categorizes and defines real and perceived safety issues surrounding food, providing scientifically non-biased perspectives on issues for professional and general readers. Each part is divided into chapters, which are then organized into the following structure: Schmidt, Ronald Introduction and Definition of Issues; Background and Historical H.; Rodrick, Gary Significance; Scientific Basis and Implications; Regulatory, Industrial, Food Safety Handbook E. and International Implications; and Current and Future Implications. The quality and safety of the food we eat attracts a great deal of publicity and is high on the list of public concerns. This highly emotive 15th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology brings together a group of experts to present up-to-date and balanced overviews on a wide range of topics including GM crops; hazardous Hester, R.E.; microorganisms such as E. coli; the BSE/CJD problem; and cancer- Food Safety and Food Quality Harrison, R.M. causing chemicals, both natural and synthetic. This book provides a holistic view, starting with the determination of food texture, its perception in the mouth, its measurement by both sensory and instrumental methods, and the relationship between those methods. This book has been divided into two sections. The first deals with Food Texture - Measurement and Rosenthal, Andrew perception of food texture and techniques for its measurement. The Perception J. second focuses on individual groups of food commodities. As trends in foodborne disease continue to rise, the effective identification and control of pathogens becomes ever more important for the food industry. With its distinguished international team of contributors, this book provides an authoritative and practical guide to effective control measures and how they can be applied in practice to individual pathogens. Part 1 looks at general techniques in assessing and managing bacterial hazards. After a review of analytical methods, there are chapters on modelling pathogen behavior and carrying out a risk assessment as the essential foundation for effective food safety management. The following chapters then look at good management practice in key stages in the supply chain, starting with farm production. There are chapters on hygienic plant design and sanitation, and safe Foodborne Pathogens - Hazards, Risk Blackburn, C.W.; process design and operation, which provide the foundation for a Analysis and Control McClure, P.J. discussion of what makes for effective HACCP systems implementation. This handbook is easy to understand and is full of examples illustrating everyday problems. It reads like an owner's manual to furnaces, one that makes repair and maintenance virtually hassle-free. And if you're looking for the insider secrets to choosing a heating system, you simply couldn't find a more practical guide than this one. Covers gas, electric, and oil forced-air systems, plus heat pumps. Reviews humidifiers and air Forced Hot Air Furnaces - cleaners. Gives you insight into controls, circuits, operation, diagnosis, Troubleshooting and Repair n/a repair and selection, and provides hundreds of step-by-step illustrations. This handbook tells you how to become proficient in the design construction process by providing you with procedures, lists of common design problems, tips on how to deal with clients, and more. Comprehensive in scope, it features advice from well-known experts that explain everything you need to know: design and construction codes; standards and regulations; technical and legal steps; engineering analysis of structural defects and failures in steel, concrete, timber and Forensic Structural Engineering masonry structures; stone and pre-cast cladding; foundations and Handbook Ratay, R.T. retaining walls; temporary structures. This is a concise review of the developments that have led to the wide variety of applications of vacuum coater technology in today's world. This book reviews both the technical and the patent literature relevant to the technology. With its many references, this book provides a starting point for more in-depth surveys on what has been done in the past as well as more recent work in all aspects of vacuum coating. The author, Donald M. Mattox, has used his extensive knowledge of vacuum coating technology to draw comparisons and place the information in the proper context for the reader. This is particularly important for the patent Foundations of Vacuum Coating literature where the terminology used is often not that used by the Technology Mattox, D.M. technical community. This book represents the most accurate computational method available for predicting enzyme inhibitor binding affinities. Advances in computer power enabled the practical application of these calculations in rationale drug design. This book represents the first comprehensive review of this growing area of research and covers the basic theory underlying the method, numerous state of the art strategies designed to improve Free Energy Calculations in Rational Drug Reddy, M. Rami; throughput. Examples wherein free energy calculations were used to Design Erion, Mark D. design and evaluate potential drug candidates. The book begins with an analysis of the methods available to the biotechnologist. Part 1 considers the range of traits that have been the subject of modification. Chapter 3 discusses the modification of such agronomic traits as fruit quality and resistance to various kinds of environmental stress, as well as the use of molecular markers in plant breeding. Chapter 4 looks specifically at how biotechnology can improve plant defense mechanisms. The following three chapters then consider the genetic enhancement of fruit and vegetable ripening and post- harvest life, sensory properties such as color and flavor, processing functionality, and nutritional quality. Part 2 includes a number of case studies illustrating how genetic modification has enhanced particular fruits and vegetables, looking at a range of fruit and vegetables such as tomato, potato, melon, broccoli, and cauliflower. Part 3 of the book considers the important issues of consumer attitudes and risk Fruit and Vegetable Biotechnology Valpuesta, V. assessment. Fruit and vegetables are both major food products in their own right and key ingredients in many processed foods. There has been growing research both on their importance to health and new techniques to preserve the nutritional and sensory qualities desired by consumers. This major collection summarises some of the key themes in this recent research. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, this book provides an authoritative review of key research Fruit and Vegetable Processing - on measuring and improving the quality of both fresh and processed Improving Quality Jongen, W. fruits and vegetables. This book provides an authoritative review of key issues in improving quality in the manufacture of fried products. The first part of the book sets the scene by looking at the differing types of fried products and their markets as well as at the regulatory context. It also includes an important discussion of the role of dietary lipids, the impact of frying on lipid intake, and its influence on consumer health. Frying oils are the most important common influence on fried product quality. They not only need to withstand the stresses of high temperature in frying but also maintain their quality during subsequent product storage. Part 2 therefore looks in detail at frying oils, their composition, the factors affecting frying oil quality, and ways of measuring frying oil quality and authenticity. The final part of the book looks at quality issues relating to Frying - Improving Quality Rossell, J.B. fried products. This second edition reference provides full and updated coverage of fuel cell principles and applications as well as examples of the modeling and design of actual fuel cell systems. It covers major fuel cell types, future technologies, direct methanol fuel cells, fuel cell operation and thermodynamics, fuel processing, and hydrogen storage and generation. System components such as compressors, turbines, regulators, inverters, grid inter-ties, electric motors, and hybrid fuel cell/battery systems also receive attention. The audience will be students and Larminie, James; researchers in electrical, power, chemical, and automotive engineering. Fuel Cell Systems Explained (2nd Edition) Dicks, Andrew No prior knowledge of fuel cell chemistry is required. Although in nature the vast majority of polymers are condensation polymers, much publicity has been focused on functionalized vinyl polymers. This book fulfills the need to explore these polymers which form an increasingly important and diverse foundation in the search for new materials in the twentyfirst century. Some of the advantages condensation polymers hold over vinyl polymers include offering different kinds of binding sites, their ability to be made biodegradable, and their different reactivities with various reagents under diverse Carraher, Charles reaction conditions. They also offer better tailoring of end-products, E., Jr; Swift, different tendencies (such as fiber formation), and different physical and Functional Condensation Polymers Graham G. chemical properties. Dairy products constitute one of the most important types of functional food. Edited by two of the leading authorities in this area, this major collection first reviews how functional dairy products help to prevent such chronic diseases as cancer, osteoporosis and cardiovascular Mattila-Sandholm, disease. Part 2 considers product development and such issues as Tiina; Saarela, clinical trials and safety evaluation. Part 3 reviews particular types of Functional Dairy Products Maria product from oligosaccharides to lactic acid bacteria. Functional Foods are widely predicted to become one of the biggest dietary trends of the next twenty-five years. The editors of this book have gathered together leading experts in this field in order to provide the food industry with a single authoritative source. This book first defines and classifies the field of functional foods, paying particular attention to the legislative aspects in both the US and Europe. It then summarises the key work on functional foods and the prevention of Gibson, G.R.; disease. Finally there are a series of chapters on the issues in Functional Foods Williams, C.M. developing functional foods in practice. This book describes several crystal structure systems that are frequently observed in oxide functional materials, examining basic modules that are the building blocks of all related structures. Links the structural evolution of each system with mixed valences of rare-earth and transitional metal elements. Early chapters describe structure types such as rock, salt, and rutile, with an emphasis on connection among different structure systems. Includes some 330 b&w figures, and FORTRAN Functional and Smart Materials - codes for calculation of crystal structure data and electron energy-loss Structural Evolution and Structure Wang, Z.L.; Kang, spectra. For researchers and graduate students in materials science, Analysis Z.C. solid-state chemistry and physics, mineralogy, and electron microscopy. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the scientific aspects of cheese, emphasizing fundamental principles. The book's 23 chapters cover the chemistry and microbiology of milk for cheesemaking, starter cultures, coagulation of milk by enzymes or by acidification, the microbiology and biochemistry of cheese ripening, the flavor and Fox, Patrick F.; rheology of cheese, processed cheese, cheese as a food ingredient, Guinee, Timothy public health and nutritional aspects of cheese, and various methods O,; Cogan, used for the analysis of cheese. The book contains references to other Timothy M.; texts and review articles. This broadly based resource is written for McSweeney, Paul personnel involved in various production and quality control functions in Fundamentals of Cheese Science L. H. the cheese industry. This book brings the reader up-to-date on the latest dairy chemistry Wong, Noble P.; development, including two vital areas, nutritive value and chemistry of Jenness, Robert; processing. Contains basic research data, fundamental observation, Fundamentals of Dairy Chemistry (3rd Keeney, Mark; interpretations, and application, plus insightful theoretical discussions on Edition) Marth, Elmer H. key contributions to dairy chemistry. This book contains sixteen chapters, all written by leading experts in the field, that focus on metal composites with regard to processing, Suresh, S.; microstructure and characterization, mechanics and micromechanics of Mortensen, A.; deformation, mechanics and micromechanics of damage and fracture, Fundamentals of Metal-Matrix Composites Needleman, A. and practical applications. This ideal introductory text covers the basics of polymer chemistry and engineering, as well as structure-property relationships in plastics, in a concise manner. Technically authoritative and up-to-date, this volume offers a survey of the basic chemistry of monomers and their conversion to the various polymers, the essentials of structure and performance, rheology of polymers as liquids and solids, and mechanical properties. Problem sets enhance the book's suitability for advanced Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering Ram, A. undergraduates in chemical engineering or materials science. This third updated edition attempts to fill the gap between a general solid- state physics textbook and research articles by providing detailed explanations of the electronic, vibrational, transport, and optical properties of semiconductors. The approach is physical and intuitive rather than formal and pedantic. Theories are presented to explain Fundamentals of Semiconductors - experimental results. This textbook has been written with both students Physics and Materials Properties (3rd Yu, Peter Y.; and researchers in mind. Its emphasis is on understanding the physical Edition) Cardona, Manuel properties of Si and similar tetrahedrally coordinated semiconductors. This book describes approximately 350 fungicides, biocides and preservatives which are currently available for industrial and agricultural usage. The book will be of value to industrial and agricultural, technical and managerial personnel involved in the specification and use of these Fungicides, Biocides and Preservatives products. It has been produced from information received from for Industrial and Agricultural Applications Flick, Ernest W. numerous industrial companies and other organizations. Updated and now in its 3rd edition, outdated designs have been eliminated to make way for new technically developed designs. The overall number has been increased from 108 designs to 130 designs. With contributions from leading industry experts, problem solving is described in the design and manufacture of injection molds. All designs Gastrow Injection Molds - 130 Proven Lindner, Edmund; have been tested and proven successful in industry application and the Designs (3rd Edition) Unger, Peter 130 designs are classified as standard. Don't miss out on the first book specifically devoted to seismology, geotechnical engineering basics, earthquake analysis, and site improvement methods. Written by Robert Day, one of the most respected names in the field, this handbook is a one-stop resource that gives you instant access to: Field and laboratory testing methods and procedures. Current seismic codes. Site improvement methods. In- depth earthquake engineering analysis as applied to soils. Worked-out Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering problems illustrating earthquake analysis. Subsurface exploration data. Handbook n/a Fundamental geotechnical engineering principles. Few people today are unaware of the far-reaching effects of global environmental change, and it is now generally accepted that human activities are the root cause of the changes in climate. This 17th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology provides a balanced overview of the problems associated with global warming. Commencing with a chapter on the evidence for global warming presented by Sir John Houghton, the book then goes on to discuss the many problems associated with air pollution. Subsequent chapters cover rising sea levels, the effect of climate change on human health and the role of environmental performance in industry. This readable and factually detailed book will have wide appeal but will be of particular Hester, R.E.; interest to environmental scientists, industrial managers, policy-makers Global Environmental Change Harrison, R.M. and students. New edition of a text in which 117 contributions offer a case study Goldfrank, Lewis approach to medical toxicology. Topics include the biochemical and R.; Flomenbaum, molecular basis, the pathophysiologic (organ system) basis, and clinical Neal E.; Lewin, issues such as prescription medication, psychopharmacologic Neal A.; Howland, medications, alcohol and drugs of abuse, food poisoning, botanicals, Mary Ann; heavy metals, household toxins, pesticides, occupational and Hoffman, Robert environmental toxins, toxic envenomations, special populations, and Goldfrank's Toxicologic Emergencies (7th S.; Nelson, Lewis preventive, psychosocial, nursing, epidemiologic, research, and legal Edition) S. perspectives. AIChE's Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS®) has taken the lead by developing a method for industry to analyze their chemical security risks. The "Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the Security Vulnerabilities at Fixed Chemical Sites" has rapidly become one of the preferred methodologies for conducting chemical facility security vulnerability analyses. The CCPS SVA approach has been identified by Guidelines for Analyzing and Managing the American Chemistry Council as one of the recommended methods the Security Vulnerabilities of Fixed for their member companies to employ in conducting analyses at their Chemical Sites n/a facilities as part of the Responsible Care® security code. A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the methodology best suited. This volume discusses, fundamental skills and techniques needed, tools of auditing, and characteristics of a good process safety management system. And, since information needed for review in the audit may be scattered or undocumented, it offers suggestions on what to look for and where. Whether your company is large or small, whether you are experienced with auditing or just Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety developing a system, consistent use of the techniques presented can Management Systems n/a significantly improve your audit and your process safety management. The second edition of this best-selling work reflects the latest advances in this evolving CPQRA methodology, as well as worked examples with accompanying Excel and Quatro Pro programs. Contents include: * Chemical process quantitative risk analysis * Consequence analysis * Event probability and failure frequency analysis * Measurement, calculation, and presentation of risk estimates * Creation of CPQRA data base * CPQRA application examples * Case studies * Ten appendices, including loss-of-containment causes in the chemical Guidelines for Chemical Process industry; a sample outline for CPQRA reports; and data reduction Quantitative Risk Analysis (2nd Edition) n/a techniques. Drawn from international sources, a useful resource for engineers who Guidelines for Chemical Reactivity design, start-up, operate, and manage chemical and petrochemical Evaluation and Application to Process plants, this reference emphasizes the use of state-of-the-art technology Design n/a in theory, testing methods, and applications in design and operations. In today's environment, management and citizen concerns make the skilled practice of Transportation Risk Analysis (TRA) imperative. This book offers a sound, basic approach to TRA, which can be used to manage and control transportation risks by identifying the parameters with the greatest influence on a given movement, or to identify and evaluate risk reduction strategies. Together with Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis (CCPS, 1989), it will Guidelines for Chemical Transportation enable the process engineer to run basic analyses and to effectively Risk Analysis n/a manage those, which are more complex. Better engineering design can significantly reduce risk potential in the CPI. In this volume, industry experts offer their broad experience in identifying numerous solutions to the more common process equipment failures including inherent safer/passive, active, and procedural solutions, in decreasing order of robustness and reliability. The equipment categories include vessels, reactors, mass transfer equipment, fluid transfer equipment, solids-fluid separators, solids handling and processing equipment, and piping and piping components. Tables can be copied and used during process hazard analyses. The text is organized into three basic sections, a technique for making risk- based design decisions, potential failure scenarios for 10 major Guidelines for Design Solutions for processing equipment categories, and two worked examples showing Process Equipment Failures n/a how the techniques can be applied. Inherently safer plants begin with the initial design, and this book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities, discussing how to best select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to fire, explosion, or environmental damage. Engineers on the design or process hazard analysis team, and those who make basic decisions on plant design, will Guidelines for Engineering Design for benefit from this comprehensive coverage and the extensive cross- Process Safety n/a references to literature, codes, and standards. This practical book, written by the same author as API Recommended Practice 752, provides the details to implement the recommended API practice. Its contents include: * Safety guidelines, applicable across the spectrum of industries and to conditions at any site on fire and explosion risks to process plant buildings as a result of events external to the building; * Guidance on assessing, screening, and managing risks Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant associated with building design and siting; * Appendices with extensive Buildings for External Explosions and coverage of explosion and fire phenomena, and effects and principles of Fires n/a blast-resistant design. The serious consequences of vapor cloud explosions, flash fires, and BLEVEs are well known. The first section of the book describes the characteristics of these phenomena and gives an overview of past experimental and theoretical research and methods to estimate consequences. The second section focuses on methods for Guidelines for Evaluating the consequence estimating by presenting sample problems. The entire Characteristics of Vapor Cloud book is heavily illustrated with photos, charts, tables, and diagrams, and Explosions, Flash Fires, and BLEVEs n/a each chapter has a full set of references for additional reading. A resource for individuals responsible for siting decisions, this guidelines book covers siting and layout of process plants, including both new and expanding facilities. This book provides comprehensive guidelines in selecting a site, recognizing and assessing long-term risks, and the optimal layout of equipment facilities needed within a site. The Guidelines for Facility Siting and Layout n/a information presented is applicable to US and international locations. While there are many resources available on fire protection and prevention in chemical petrochemical and petroleum plants - this is the first book that pulls them all together in one comprehensive resource. This book provides the tools to develop, implement, and integrate a fire protection program into a company or facility's Risk Management Guidelines for Fire Protection in Chemical, System. This definitive volume is a must-read for loss prevention Petrochemical, and Hydrocarbon managers, site managers, project managers, engineers and EHS Processing Facilities n/a professionals. This fundamental work keeps process engineers up-to-date on the effective Process Hazard Analysis or Hazard Evaluation Procedures methodology, with almost 200 pages of worked examples depicting the techniques in actual applications. References for further reading, along with charts and diagrams that reflect the latest views and information, Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation make this a fully integrated work. The procedures explained with worked Procedures - With Worked Examples (2nd examples include HAZOPS, FEMA, Check Lists, Fault Trees, Event Edition) n/a Trees plus others. The causes of catastrophic accidents in the process industries, now recognized as complex and interrelated, need to be matched by multi- faceted technical management systems. These principles apply to companies of any size and to a full range of industries beyond the chemical industry, such as pulp and paper, electronics, oil and gas. This book supplements the systematic approach set out in previous CCPS Guidelines for Implementing Process publications, Plant Guidelines for Technical Management of Chemical Safety Management Systems n/a Process Safety. This important resource provides plant management and engineers the protocol and techniques for collecting and organizing high quality plant performance, maintenance, and repair data, together with methods and examples using collected data for facility reliability/availability assessments, making decisions on the need for redundant systems, improving equipment designs and selecting the best equipment for Guidelines for Improving Plant Reliability specific tasks, estimating required work force, and integrating predictive through Data Collection and Analysis n/a and preventive maintenance. Over the years, companies have developed independent systems for managing process safety, environment, health, safety, and quality. Many aspects of these management systems are similar. Integrating EHS management systems can yield economies and improved system effectiveness. This book explains how integration reduces cost of delivery through a reduction in the number of management program steps and avoidance of redundancy; how it results in more effective Guidelines for Integrating Process Safety programs, since the best practices can be combined into a single Management, Environment, Safety, process; and how this integration brings a faster, and more cost Health and Quality n/a effective response to new demands. This book provides a valuable reference tool for technical and management personnel who lead or are a part of incident investigation teams. This second edition focuses on investigating process-related incidents with real or potential catastrophic consequences. It presents on-the-job information, techniques, and examples that support successful investigations. The methodologies, tools, and techniques described in this book can also be applied when investigating other Guidelines for Investigating Chemical types of events such as reliability, quality, occupational health, and Process Incidents (2nd Edition) n/a safety incidents. Here is a unique single-volume resource on the design of post-release mitigation systems, the last line of defense against both process safety and security incidents. The book: * Contains engineering methods for minimizing the consequences of the release of toxic vapors, or ignition of flammable vapors - including passive and active systems intended to Guidelines for Postrelease Mitigation reduce or eliminate significant acute effects of a dispersing vapor cloud Technology in the Chemical Process * Emphasizes planning and a systems approach * Shows limitations of Industry n/a any methods discussed * Provides numerous references. Almost all the major accident investigations show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This unique text provides practical advice for substantially reducing human error at all levels. Eight chapters, packed with case studies and examples of simple and advanced techniques for new and existing systems, challenge the assumption that human error is "unavoidable" and suggest a systems perspective. This view sees error as a consequence of a mismatch between human capabilities and Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in demands and inappropriate organizational culture, defining error as a Process Safety n/a manageable factor and, therefore, avoidable. This guideline was written to provide process safety practitioners, and their managers with the information required to estimate statistical failure rates for pumps, valves, heat exchangers, instruments and other chemical process equipment. The failure rates are essential for making a chemical process risk analysis to predict the risk of various process and facility scenarios. Information provided includes: * The basis and how to gather information for failure rates; * Sources and examples of publicly available failure rate frequencies; * A collection of publicly Guidelines for Process Equipment available failure frequency data. This book is the needed companion for Reliability Data - With Data Tables n/a Guidelines for Chemical Process Equipment Reliability Analysis. The process industry has developed integrated process safety management programs to reduce or eliminate incidents and major consequences, such as injury, loss of life, property damage, environmental harm, and business interruption. Good documentation practices are a crucial part of retaining past knowledge and experience, and avoiding relearning old lessons. Following an introduction, which offers examples of how proper documentation might have prevented major explosions and serious incidents, the 21 sections in this book Guidelines for Process Safety clearly present aims, goals, and methodology in all areas of Documentation n/a documentation. Batch reaction systems pose unique challenges to process safety managers, and the sequence of processing steps, and frequent startups and shutdowns, increases the possibility of human errors and equipment failures. Since batch plants are often designed for shared use, frequent modification of piping and layout may occur, resulting in complex "management of change" issues. This book: *Identifies the singular concerns of batch reaction systems *Provides hands-on guidance in Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch dealing with them *Highlights potential sources of unsafe conditions Reaction Systems n/a *Offers guidance in applying appropriate practices to prevent accidents. Today's companies frequently augment in-house production by outsourcing chemical production, formulation, and packaging processes. However, this does not relieve companies from all process safety responsibilities. Augmented throughout with extensive checklists and examples, this volume offers proven procedures and techniques for: *Identifying and assessing the capabilities and adequacy of potential toll manufacturers *Developing contractual agreements which properly address legal obligations and responsibilities for process safety, health, environment and product quality issues *Resolving responsibility for using necessary process safety techniques, such as conducting PHAs, managing process changes, developing safe operating procedures, training operators, and complying with regulations *Overseeing tolling operations, conducting audits of the toller's operational and relevant management systems; and reviewing the results and recommendations Guidelines for Process Safety in of incident investigations *Closing out the outsourcing agreement and Outsourced Manufacturing Operations n/a operations. Increased automation reduces the potential for operator error, but introduces the possibility of new types of errors in design and maintenance. This book provides designers and operators of chemical Guidelines for Safe Automation of process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe Chemical Processes n/a automation, including independent layers of safety. This book is intended as a resource for process design and plant engineers responsible for designing and running processes that handle powders and bulk solids in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and related manufacturing industries. The main focus of the book is the instability, reactivity, and combustibility hazards of particulate solids manufactured or handled in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Toxicity hazards are also discussed, to a lesser extent, and there is coverage of UN-DOT Class 4, 5, and 6.1 materials. The book will aid process hazard analysis teams and leaders, as well as those operating small plants and toll operations, and may also be useful to insurance and regulatory Guidelines for Safe Handling of Powders personnel with assignments at industrial facilities that process, store, or and Bulk Solids n/a transport large quantities of solid particulates The critical guidelines presented in this volume can significantly reduce the risk or mitigate the severity of accidents associated with storing and handling reactive materials. Components of a reliable system to prevent equipment or human failures that might lead to a reactive chemical incident include sound and responsible management policies in combination with superior siting, design, fabrication, erection, inspection, monitoring, maintenance, operations, and maintenance of facilities. This Guidelines for Safe Storage and Handling resource covers all of these elements with emphasis on design of Reactive Materials n/a considerations. This performance-based approach in the book to such hazards as health effects, environmental pollution, fire, and explosion presents practical means to minimize the risk of these hazards to employees, the surrounding population, the environment, property, and business operations. These basic precepts can be used to evaluate the risks in initial or existing designs for warehousing facilities on a manufacturing site, for freestanding offsite buildings, and for strictly chemical or mixed- Guidelines for Safe Warehousing of use storage. Each of the book's ten chapters has a list of references and Chemicals n/a suggestions for further reading. The book describes Process Safety Management programs as the key to prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery. It then considers the main features of a preparedness program, including recognizing credible incidents, planning practical strategy to deal with these Guidelines for Technical Planning for On- incidents, selecting necessary physical support systems and equipment, Site Emergencies n/a and developing a complete emergency response plan. This book encourages and facilitates the development and use of dispersion modeling as an everyday tool, providing: * Practical understanding of basic physical and chemical principles * Guidance in selecting release scenarios and the best available models * Information and examples on how to run some models and interpret outputs. A diskette containing typical values for the many vapor cloud-modeling Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud parameters makes this an essential reference for beginning and Dispersion Models (2nd Edition) n/a experienced modelers alike. The EPA investigation of a 1994 chemical plant tragedy concluded that "the explosion resulted from a lack of written safe operating procedures". Although solid written procedures cannot guarantee zero accidents, they can reduce the number of accidents caused by human error, and this book shows how to select and implement actions that: * Promote safe, efficient operations and maintenance * Improve quality, continuity, profitability and cost control * Build upon and record process experience * Promote the concept that operating and maintenance procedures are Guidelines for Writing Effective Operating vital plant components. The text includes practical samples of procedure and Maintenance Procedures n/a formats, checklists, and numerous cross-references. HACCP is a systematic approach to the identification, evaluation and control of food safety hazards. It is being applied across the world, with countries such as the US, Australia, New Zealand and the UK leading the way. However, effective implementation in the meat industry remains difficult and controversial. HACCP in the meat industry is an authoritative survey of key principles and best practice, providing an authoritative guide to making HACCP systems work successfully in the meat industry. This book is set to become the standard guide on the HACCP in the Meat Industry Brown, M. successful implementation of HACCP systems in meat processing. This is a database of HNMR spectra for about 154,000 physiologically active organic compounds made into a highly interactive product by Knovel. It features our Chemical Structure Search and Spectra Viewer productivity tools to give you unprecedented access and ability to search on molecular structures and to view the spectra associated with them. The Chemical Structure Search allows you to draw a structure or a substructure and then search on it. The Spectra Viewer is an interactive tool for displaying spectra data along with the chemical structure of a HNMR Spectra of Physiologically Active compound. It allows you to select and record peaks data, calculate Compounds n/a integrals and measure the peak-to-peak distance. This book presents a collection of procedures for the analysis of 163 common pharmaceuticals using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Techniques for each compound are grouped together, allowing researchers to combine features of different methods. In addition, drug assay methods are provided for drugs in biological fluids, such as blood and urine, as well as for bulk and formulated drugs. Analytical chemists and researchers will find a battery of useful features HPLC Methods for Pharmaceutical Lunn, George; that make this practical new resource a welcome addition to their Analysis Schmuff, Norman reference library. The very affordable print version of this database presents a collection of procedures for the analysis of 163 common pharmaceuticals using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Techniques for each compound are grouped together, allowing researchers to combine features of different methods. In addition, drug assay methods are provided for drugs in biological fluids, such as blood and urine, as well as for bulk and formulated drugs. Analytical chemists and researchers HPLC Methods for Pharmaceutical will find a battery of useful features that make this practical new Analysis, Volumes 2-4 n/a resource a welcome addition to their reference library. The ultimate reference book on the most frequently used HVAC data, chock-full of equations, data, and rules of thumb, a necessary addition to any library for mechanical, architectural, and electrical engineers, HVAC contractors and technicians, and others. Features over 216 HVAC Equations, Data, and Rules of equations for everything from air change rates to swimming pools to Thumb Bell, A.A., Jr. steel pipes. Includes both ASME and ASHRAE code information. With this authoritative reference at hand, engineers and technician's will gain full knowledge of each component in today's complex heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems. Completely revised and fully updated, this second edition of a widely-used working tool offers: Analyses of today's most efficient, most trouble-free systems; Details to HVAC Systems and Components today's highly advanced components; Ways to achieve economy and Handbook (2nd Edition) Grimm, N.R.; efficiency in design; Clear explanations of the environmental impact of Rosaler, R.C. HVAC design; Information on meeting key codes and standards. This Handbook provides up-to-date methods of repair for adhesive bonded and composite structures, the identification of suitable materials and equipment for repairs, and methods of inspection before and after repair. Repair methods included are for composite laminates containing fiberglass, graphite, or Kevlar reinforcements in organic matrices, and sandwich structures containing honeycomb, foam or balsa cores with either metallic or composite laminate skins. Materials, tools and Handbook of Adhesive Bonded Structural Wegman, R.F.; equipment used in repairs are also described and their sources are Repair Tullos, T.R. presented. Contains descriptions of more than 2,200 materials available to the adhesives industry. The book includes Supplier Addresses and a Trade Handbook of Adhesives Raw Materials Name Index. Projected adhesives sales are increasing, with steady (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. growth and expansion into new areas. This handbook is the first book ever to diffuse information available through technical literature, vendors and users. Adhesives and Sealants are used in the home as well as the factory floor. They are all around us and the glue that holds everything together. This handbook covers polymeric adhesives and sealants for joining or bonding a wide range of material including metals, plastics, composites, and elastomers. Includes many real-life examples to illustrate the "do's and don'ts" of using adhesives and sealants. This book also covers all most of the various types of adhesives materials that are commonly used such as: epoxies, silicone, and neoprene. It provides detailed data on the performance of the adhesive/sealant with respect to harsh service environment and explains why adhesives and sealants are used and their advantages and disadvantages to other joining methods. Standard and special test methods are also available, providing the reader with a Handbook of Adhesives and Sealants Petrie, E.M. wide range of information. Air conditioning, aka HVAC&R (heating, ventilating, air ventilating, air conditioning, and refrigeration), was developed in the 1900s, and now contributes to one sixth of US energy usage, to the depletion of the ozone layer, and to the reality of global warming. This handbook (updated from the 1994 edition) includes developments in HVAC&R as they pertain to the design of energy-efficient systems. These relate to improvements in indoor air quality, in microprocessor-based energy management and control systems for medium-size or large projects with generic controls in graphical display, monitoring, trending, totalization and numerous specific functional controls; and in updated technology, Handbook of Air Conditioning and such as artificial intelligence, BACnet, computational fluid dynamics, Refrigeration (2nd Edition) Wang, S.K. reciprocating compressors, etc. Measuring the long-term durability of new types of concrete and concrete technologies is crucial to their acceptance in the marketplace. This long-needed handbook of analytical techniques provides a complete reference to the cutting-edge procedures used to test today's innovative materials.Ranging from chemical and thermal analysis, to IR and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy, to Scanning Electron Microscopy, x-ray diffraction, computer modeling and more, the book provides first-hand explanations of modern methods —contributed by 24 leading scientists, many of whom actually developed or refined the techniques. The book includes many analytic techniques, applied to a wide range of organic, inorganic and composite materials and additives.Perfect for practitioners, students, and professional standards writers, the handbook is highly useful for scrutinizing materials in a variety of environments. It takes into account the many factors that Ramachandran, affect the qualities of concrete —temperature, pore and pore size Handbook of Analytical Techniques in V.S.; Beaudoin, distribution, surface area, and exposure —gathering diverse Concrete Science and Technology J.J. evaluation methods into one convenient resource. This handbook is a unique reference work that addresses the most important applications, phenomena and analytical techniques of wet surface chemistry. Including an enormous wealth of mainly practically orientated information it is written by an international team of renowned scientists and delivers with authority and experience content that thoroughly covers all the major applications.Combines a broad scope with a wealth of primarily practical information, much of which is drawn Handbook of Applied Surface and Colloid from very recent sources, it treats the topic in a thorough and Chemistry, Volumes 1-2 Holmberg, Krister comprehensive manner. Making vital data and equations instantly accessible for a wide range of applications, this handbook has more authoritative information than any other source on the characteristics, properties, and performance of every major battery type. This edition's four new chapters give you new, fully-detailed information on Lithium Ion and Propulsion and Industrial Nickel-Metal Hydride batteries, and portable fuel cells, including small fuel cells (less than 1000 Watts) which are potentially competitive with battery sytems. Brings you up to speed on today's cutting edge battery technologies, materials and methods. Helps you predict battery Linden, D.; Reddy, performance under all operating conditions. Simplifies the selection of Handbook of Batteries (3rd Edition) T.B. the most suitable batteries for a wide range of applications. This book covers the mechanisms of degradation in various environments, by both biological and non-biological means, and the methods for measuring biodegradation. The degree and rate of biodegradation is dependent on the chemical composition of the polymer and its working environment, and so there is no single optimal method for determining biodegradation. This handbook provides discussion of international and national standards and certification procedures developed to ensure accurate communication of a material's Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers Bastioli, Catia biodegradability between producers, authorities and consumers. This book is a review of the science and technology of the element carbon and its allotropes: graphite, diamond and the fullerenes. This field has expanded greatly in the last three decades stimulated by many major discoveries such as carbon fibers, low-pressure diamond and the fullerenes. The need for such a book has been felt for some time. These carbon materials are very different in structure and properties. Some are Handbook of Carbon, Graphite, Diamond very old (charcoal), others new (the fullerenes). They have different and Fullerenes - Properties, Processing applications and markets and are produced by different segments of the and Applications Pierson, H.O. industry. In 1961 the National Cancer Institute initiated a program to conduct bioassays of selected compounds to determine whether they might be carcinogens. Although some similarities continue with the program as it was in 1961, there are many more differences. Since 1985 when the first Handbook of Carcinogen Testing (2nd Milman, H.A.; edition of this book appeared, these differences have been substantial Edition) Weisburger, E.K. enough to merit an updated version. This handbook meets the growing need in industry for a clear understanding of modern improvements in ceramic processing. Some of the topics focused on in this book include; the machining of ceramic materials such as silicon nitrate, silicon carbide, and zirconia. The presentation is international in scope, with techniques and information represented from the USA, Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom. These countries have made important contributions to the field of ceramic grinding and polishing. The 20 expert chapter authors explore Marinescu, Ioan the challenge of reducing the costs of machining operations, a Handbook of Ceramic Grinding and D.; Tonshoff, Hans continuing problem in an industry where ceramic parts must be Polishing K.; Inasaki, Ichiro machined into final form to achieve a proper fit. For the first time in one volume, this book presents a concise treatment of labeling in the chemical industry. This handbook has been designed to provide an in-depth review of, and to act as a source for, the major O'Connor, C.J.; elements of a hazardous label communication program—to serve Handbook of Chemical Industry Labeling Lirtzman, S.I. the needs of labor, industry, and the public. The Handbook of Chemical Process Equipment is a major reference on process equipment. It provides practical understanding and description of the working principles, intended applications, selection criteria and Handbook of Chemical Processing Cheremisinoff, fundamental design principles for equipment used throughout the Equipment Nicholas P. process and allied chemical industries. Turn to this new second edition for an understanding of the latest advances in the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process. CVD technology has recently grown at a rapid rate, and the number and scope of its applications and their impact on the market have increased considerably. The market is now estimated to be at least double that of a mere seven years ago when the first edition of this book was published. The second edition is an update with a considerably expanded and revised scope. Readers will find the latest data on both Plasma CVD Handbook of Chemical Vapor Deposition - and metallo-organic CVD processes in this volume. Likewise, the book Principles, Technology and Applications explains the growing importance of CVD in production of semiconductor (2nd Edition) Pierson, H.O. and related applications. Provides an interdisciplinary approach to creating environmental solutions. Approximately 600 real-world, practical solutions to environmental problems that involve chemical engineering, are included. The scientific and mathematical crossover between chemical and environmental engineering is the key to solving a host of environmental problems. Many problems included in this book are intended to demonstrate this crossover, as well as the integration of engineering with current regulations and environmental media such as air, soil, and water. Solutions to the problems are presented in a programmed instructional format. Each problem contains a title, problem statement, data, and solution, with the more difficult problems located near the end Reynolds, Joseph of each problem set. The Handbook offers material not only to Handbook of Chemical and Environmental P.; Jeris, John S.; individuals with limited technical background but also to those with Engineering Calculations Theodore, Louis extensive industrial experience. This handbook offers you a surefire way to save time handling routine and non-routine calculations in the design, construction, rehab and maintenance of all types of structures. Explains and illustrates over 500 key calculations covering the entire field: structural steel engineering and design; reinforced and prestressed concrete; timber engineering; soil mechanics; surveying, route design, and highway bridges; fluid mechanics; pumps, piping, and hydro power;water supply and stormwater; sanitary wastewater treatment and control; and engineering economics. Using both customary and SI units, each calculation Handbook of Civil Engineering procedure includes a worked-out example with numbered steps. You Calculations see exactly how to compute the desired values for a particular design, Hicks, T.G. and go quickly from data to finished design. The most comprehensive, well-referenced book on the selection, use, and clinical aspects of virtually all drugs on the market. This handbook, which in its early lustrous years served physicians, pharmacists, and pharmacy students, is unlike any other drug reference book in that it allows readers to compare and contrast various drugs within drug Anderson, Philip categories, thereby enabling them to make decisions on which drug to O.; Knoben, administer. All other drug reference books merely repeat the drug James E.; manufacturers' literature, with no analysis of that information. Nor are Handbook of Clinical Drug Data (10th Troutman, William there any reports from the published literature concerning use and Edition) G. efficacy of the drugs listed. Today, fiber reinforced composites are in use in a variety of structures, ranging from spacecraft to aircraft to buildings and bridges. This wide use of composites has been facilitated by the introduction of new materials, improvements in manufacturing processes and developments of new analytical and testing methods. Unfortunately, information on these topics is scattered in journal articles, in conference and symposium proceedings, in workshop notes, and in government and company reports. This proliferation of the source material, coupled with the fact that some of the relevant publications are hard to find or are restricted, makes it difficult to identify and obtain the up-to-date knowledge needed to utilize composites to their full advantage. This book intends to overcome these difficulties by presenting in a single Handbook of Composites (2nd Edition) Peters, S.T. volume, many of the recent advances in the field of composite materials. This book reviews the recent advances and current technologies used to produce microelectronic and optoelectronic devices from compound semiconductors. It provides a complete overview of the technologies Handbook of Compound Semiconductors - necessary to grow bulk single-crystal substrates, grow hetero-or Growth, Processing, Characterization, and Holloway, P.H.; homoepitaxial films, and process advanced devices such as HBT's, QW Devices McGuire, G.E. diode lasers, etc. Covers the basics of contamination control for the beginner, while also focusing in depth on critical issues of process engineering and circuit manufacturing for the more advanced reader. Stresses to readers that what makes the area of contamination control unique is its ubiquitous nature, across all facets of semiconductor manufacturing. Clean room Handbook of Contamination Control in technology, well-recognized as a fundamental requirement in modern Microelectronics - Principles, Applications day circuit manufacturing, barely scratches the surface in total and Technology Tolliver, D.L. contamination control. Corrosion has an enormous economic and environmental impact on industrialized societies, from its effect on the reinforcing steel in reinforced concrete infrastructure to aging networks of buried pipelines and electronic systems and more. Emphasizing quantitative techniques, this book provides you with: Theory essential for understanding aqueous, atmospheric, and high temperature corrosion processes; Corrosion resistance data for various materials; Management techniques for dealing with corrosion control, including life prediction and cost analysis, information systems, and knowledge re-use; Techniques for the detection, analysis, and prevention of corrosion Handbook of Corrosion Engineering Roberge, P.R. damage, including protective coatings and cathodic protection. A decade after the first edition of this volume was published, this second edition is being brought out partly due to the excellent response to the first edition, and also to update the many improvements in deposition Handbook of Deposition Technologies for technologies, the mechanisms, and applications.The entire volume has Films and Coatings - Science, Technology been extensively revised and contains at least 50% more material. Five and Applications (2nd Edition) Bunshah, R.F. chapters have been added. This calculations handbook offers electric power engineers and technicians essential step-by-step procedures for solving a wide array of electric power problems. The 3rd edition has been updated to reflect problem-solving techniques and examples in network analysis, instrumentation, all types of motors and generators, transmission lines, Handbook of Electric Power Calculations power system control, load flow, stability, congeneration, batteries, (3rd Edition) Beaty, H.W. economic methods, specialties, and more. This reference for electrical engineers working in the petrochemical industry covers both the design of the electrical supply and equipment specifications needed in oil, gas, and petrochemical plants. Theories behind the design of facilities are outlined, and there is practical guidance on selecting the electrical power systems and equipment used on offshore production platforms, drilling rigs, pipelines, and chemical Handbook of Electrical Engineering - For plants. Non-electrical material is also included, to help electrical Practitioners in the Oil, Gas and engineers interact with those in mechanical, safety, and civil Petrochemical Industry Sheldrake, Alan L. engineering. The Handbook of Ellipsometry is a critical foundation text on an increasingly critical subject. Ellipsometry, a measurement technique based on phase and amplitude changes in polarized light, is becoming popular in a widening array of applications because of increasing miniaturization of integrated circuits and breakthroughs in knowledge of biological macromolecules deriving from DNA and protein surface Tompkins, Harland research. Ellipsometry does not contact or damage samples, and is an G.; Irene, Eugene ideal measurement technique for determining optical and physical Handbook of Ellipsometry A. properties of materials at the nano scale. This handbook has been prepared as a working reference for the safety officer, the environmental engineer and the consultant. For the safety officer, this handbook provides detailed guidelines and instructions in preparing Right-to-Know Reporting Audits, establishing programs and training employees on hazard awareness, and developing and implementing emergency response programs in the workplace and at off- site operations. For the environmental engineer, this handbook provides Handbook of Emergency Response to extensive technical data on toxic chemical properties and detailed Toxic Chemical Releases - A Guide to Cheremisinoff, instructional aid on how to properly prepare toxic chemical release Compliance N.P. inventory reporting. For over two decades, this handbook has provided comprehensive, in- depth coverage of dangerous organic compounds along with the control measures designed to reduce their destructive impact on the ecosystem. This new edition is fully updated to reflect the latest research in the field, including new organic chemicals, mixtures, and preparations. Arranged in alphabetical order by chemical name, it provides synonyms, CAS numbers, and molecular and structural formulas of 3,000-plus chemicals. Each substance is categorized by physical and chemical Handbook of Environmental Data on Verschueren, properties, aquatic toxicity, odor thresholds, sampling and analysis data, Organic Chemicals (4th Edition) Karel and biological effects. The only hands-on reference of its kind, this book provides calculation procedures for solid waste management; air resources management; water quality assessment and control; surface water; lake and reservoirs; groundwater; public water supply; waste water treatment; and risk assessment/pollution prevention. Each procedure is presented with fully illustrated steps. This book shows the integration of regulatory Handbook of Environmental Engineering Lee, C.C.; Dar Lin, requirements into environmental design, so that the resulting designs Calculations S. are more acceptable to regulators. This excellent volume combines a great deal of data only previously available from many different sources into a single, informative volume. It presents evaporation technology as it exists today. Although evaporation is one of the oldest unit operations, it is also an area with dramatic changes in the last quarter century. Although other methods of separation are available, evaporation remains the best process for many applications. All factors must be evaluated in order to select the best evaporator type. This book will be extremely useful in evaluating and deciding which evaporation technology will meet a particular set of Handbook of Evaporation Technology Minton, P.E. requirements. This is an up-to-date, exhaustive reference of all solids capable of changing the physical and chemical properties of materials. Stimulated by the fact that materials can be improved almost beyond recognition by new grades of fillers, this one volume presents the information needed to market, develop, select, manufacture, and apply these versatile materials. A single volume contains all the fundamentals and the latest advances in fillers technology and the products in which they are used. The book is divided into three sections. The first is a databank of fillers which includes the most comprehensive set of data ever published. The second section is designed to show how material properties can be tailored to the needs of products. Coupled with observations and theories from current research, this section serves to reconcile controversial findings and provides an understanding of the complex Handbook of Fillers - A Definitive User's issues of filler applications. The last section concentrates on the Guide and Databook (2nd Edition) Wypych, George application of fillers on an industrial scale. This is an up-to-date, exhaustive reference of all solids capable of changing the physical and chemical properties of materials. Stimulated by the fact that materials can be improved almost beyond recognition by new grades of fillers, this one volume presents the information needed to market, develop, select, manufacture, and apply these versatile materials. A single volume contains all the fundamentals and the latest advances in fillers technology and the products in which they are used.The book is divided into three sections. The first is a databank of fillers which includes the most comprehensive set of data ever published. The second section is designed to show how material properties can be tailored to the needs of products. Coupled with observations and theories from current research, this section serves to reconcile controversial findings and provides an understanding of the Handbook of Fillers - A Definitive User's complex issues of filler applications. The last section concentrates on Guide and Databook (2nd Edition) Wypych, George the application of fillers on an industrial scale. The security and economic stability of many nations and multinational oil companies are highly dependent on the safe and uninterrupted operation of their oil, gas and chemical facilities. One of the most critical impacts that can occur to these operations are fires and explosions from accidental or political incidents. This publication is intended as a general engineering handbook and reference guideline for those personnel involved with fire and explosion protection aspects of critical hydrocarbon facilities. Design guidelines and specifications of major, small and independent oil companies as well as information from engineering firms and published industry references have been Handbook of Fire and Explosion reviewed to assist in its preparation. Some of the latest published Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, practices and research into fire and explosions have also been Gas, Chemical, and Related Facilities Nolan, D.P. mentioned. The dozen contributors to this volume, all of them well-known, leading experts, provide a "must-have" resource for fabrication, characterization, and applications in the field of hard coatings and wear-resistant surfaces. Handbook of Hard Coatings offers a complete explanation of commercially oriented deposition technology, from traditional vacuum- based thin-film techniques such as evaporation, sputter deposition, and chemical vapor deposition, to various thermal spraying methods.Readers also get a detailed technical introduction to the science of characterizing and measuring hard coatings - showing the physical properties of these films and composites as well as the underlying structure of the material. Two chapters explore techniques used to evaluate hardness, adhesion, friction, wear and stress, as well Handbook of Hard Coatings Bunshah, R.F. as key tribological properties. This book provides extensive information on nearly 700 chemicals of commercial and industrial importance, as well as extensive health (toxicological) and safety handling information. It provides chemical specific information pertinent to safe handling and transportation of chemicals, worker protection, emergency response information to address spills, explosions on fire situations, and chemical stability/reactivity data. It is designed as a standard reference handbook Handbook of Hazardous Chemical Cheremisinoff, for chemical engineers, safety engineers, toxicologists, fire safety Properties N.P. specialists, chemists, laboratory and plant technicians. This handbook provides you with everything needed for efficient planning, guide preparation, and response. Addresses issues such as International Law and Regulations, Risk Assessment, Biological Effects and Spill Modeling. New chapters feature information on frequently spilled compounds and list tables of materials. Best collection of Handbook of Hazardous Materials Spills technology to deal with spills and spill modeling. Effective, practical Technology Fingas, M. answers. This comprehensive handbook for food processors covers the major herbs and spices. The collection is introduced with general information about the spices trade and quality and safety issues regarding herbs and spices in food processing. The second part of the book deals with individual herbs and spices with each chapter covering description, Handbook of Herbs and Spices Peter, K.V. production, main uses, health issues, quality, and regulatory issues. Herbs and spices are among the most versatile and widely used ingredients in food processing. As well as their traditional role in flavouring and colouring foods, they have been increasingly used as natural preservatives and for their potential health-promoting properties, for example as antioxidants. Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, volume 2 provides a comprehensive and authoritative coverage of key herbs and spices. Chapters on individual plants cover such issues as description and classification, production, chemical structure and properties, Handbook of Herbs and Spices, Volume 2 Peter, K.V. potential health benefits, uses in food processing and quality issues. The most comprehensive reference in the field, Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalytic Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis provides synthetic chemists and chemical engineers in fine chemicals and pharmaceuticals with detailed experimental guidelines for heterogeneous catalytic hydrogenation. Organized by functional groups for ready reference and featuring detailed examples of hundreds of reactions, this handbook covers hydrogenations of alkenes, alkynes, aldehydes and ketones, nitriles, imines, nitro and nitroso compounds, carboxylic acids and esters, and aromatic and heterocyclic compounds. Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalytic In addition, coverage includes the preparation of amines by reductive Hydrogenation for Organic Synthesis Nishimura, Shigeo alkylation and the hydrogenolysis of a variety of compounds. The food industry is currently experiencing a rapid expansion in the demand for innovative food products and functional foods. These products rely heavily on hydrocolloids to provide specific textures, tastes and behaviour during processing and cooking. The Handbook of hydrocolloids provides a comprehensive reference to over twenty major hydrocolloids used in food processing. Each chapter examines all aspects of an individual hydrocolloid including definition, methods of Phillips, G.O.; manufacture, commercial use, regulatory status and technical data on Handbook of Hydrocolloids Williams, P.A. optimising use to maximise process efficiency and end product quality. The Handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology - or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the Technology for Crystal Growth and Byrappa, K.; book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, Materials Processing Yoshimura, M. materials processing, and waste treatment. In this handbook the diverse ways of obtaining over 3000 hydroxyacetophenones are described and their physico-chemical properties and spectroscopic data references are indicated. It is presented in dictionary style, with a logical classification of the ketones, making the information easily available for consultation. Ketones are classified methodically. They are thus easily accessible from three tables: The molecular formula index; the chemical abstracts registry and the usual names index. This completely revised and enlarged edition includes: 10 additional chapters compared with the previous edition which had just 2 chapters; an additional 1500 ketones; updated information for 1200 ketone entries; the addition of di- and polyketones, Handbook of Hydroxyacetophenones Martin, Robert approximately 3500 references. Hydroxybenzophenones the are most useful synthetic intermediates in the chemical industry, for example in pharmaceuticals, dyes, fragrances, agrochemicals, explosives and plastics. In this handbook, the diverse methods of obtaining over 1900 hydroxybenzophenones are described, and their physico-chemical properties and spectroscopic data references are indicated. Hence, ketones are classified methodically. They are thus easily accessible from three tables; the molecular formula index, the chemical abstracts registry numbers, and the usual names index. This work will prove to be a valuable tool for laboratory work and research and development departments. It is set to become the reference on Handbook of Hydroxybenzophenones Martin, Robert hydroxybenzophenones. '…this book will be an essential reference work for industry and an indispensable guide for technologists, analysts, microbiologists and food chemists active in the field of quality assurance and food authentication.' Food Science and Technology '...an invaluable reference guide to those working in the food industry.' Food Trade Review Contents include: Singhal, R.S.; Food quality and authenticity indicators; Cereal grains; Fruit and Handbook of Indices of Food Quality and Kulkarni, P.R.; vegetables; Dairy products; Meat, fish and poultry; Oils and fats; Spices, Authenticity Rege, D.V. flavourants and condiments; Tea, coffee and cocoa. This handbook emphasizes the use of sythetic membranes for separations involving industrial or municipal process streams. The ten chapters are authored by some of the world's leading experts in the field of membrane science and technology. Discussions on theory, Handbook of Industrial Membrane engineering aspects, membrane preparation and typical and projected Technology Porter, M.C. applications of the various membrane processes are included. This book encompasses the entire range of industrial refractory materials and forms: properties and their measurement, applications, manufacturing, installation and maintenance techniques, quality assurance and statistical process control. Contents: Foundations of Hot Processing; Foundations of Refractory Application; Principles of Thermal Stability; Principles of Corrosion Resistance; The Working Handbook of Industrial Refractories Refractory Product Line; The Insulating Refractory Product Line; Technology - Principles, Types, Properties Carniglia, S.C.; Refractory Practice Design Properties; Refractory Manufacture; and Applications Barna, G.L. Refractory Installation and Maintenance. The selection of compounds in this handbook were based on their industrial usage and application, as well as certain properties such as structural features, toxicity, or being reaction intermediates. Conveniently arranged in alphabetical order, each entry includes the following essential information: synonyms, molecular weight, formula/structure and the type of compound based on functional group, CAS registry number, occurrence, uses and applications, physical properties, methods of preparation with chemical equations, chemical reactions, health chemical analysis. The massive amount of information contained in this handbook will save you literally hundreds of hours of searching through numerous books, journals, and references. If you're looking for an authoritative, concise, one-stop guide to inorganic Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals Patnaik, Pradyot chemicals, your search ends here. This handbook brings together in a single volume expert contributions on the many aspects of MO data recording, including the materials in use, techniques for achieving recording function, and storage device subsystems. As a multiple author treatment, it brings perspective from Handbook of Magneto-Optical Data many viewpoints and institutions. The insights delivered should be Recording - Materials, Subsystems, McDaniel, T.W.; valuable to a wide audience from students to practitioners in all areas of Techniques Victora, R.H. information storage. With this amount of information, clearly organized and explained, this book is an important reference monograph for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products, and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. The information can be applied to such practical tasks as improved sample preparation methods or selection of conditions of weathering which increase the precision of studies. It can also be used to study material Handbook of Material Weathering (2nd durability in depth since each subject is discussed from various angles Edition) Wypych, G. of this multidisciplinary field. This third edition includes advances in knowledge that have taken place in the last seven years. The new data and the information are integrated with information from the previous edition to form a consistent up-to-date analysis of the most important findings. In many instances new findings make previous understanding obsolete. Approximately 60% more information and about 80% more data have been added. The revision is based on the analysis of over 2000 research papers published since the Handbook of Material Weathering (3rd previous edition. Four chapters have been added and many additional Edition) Wypych, G. sections included in the former chapters. This handbook provides information and insight that can be employed in any discipline or industry to exploit the full range of materials in use today - metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites. This comprehensive organization of the materials selection process includes analytical approaches to materials selection and extensive information about materials available in the marketplace, sources of properties data, procurement and data management, properties testing procedures and equipment, analysis of failure modes, manufacturing processes and assembly techniques, and applications. Throughout the handbook, an international roster of contributors with a broad range of experience conveys practical knowledge about materials and illustrates in detail how Handbook of Materials Selection Kutz, Myer they are used in a wide variety of industries. Need to come up with new product concepts? Do you select the materials and designs that make innovative ideas work? Edited by Charles Harper, an internationally respected expert in materials technology, this book is an indispensable asset to anyone involved in product creation. This unique reference can help you to generate new product concepts, select materials and designs that make these innovative ideas work, or stay ahead of the learning curve in the fast- evolving field of materials technology. This in-depth book provides a Handbook of Materials for Product Design Harper, C.A. one-stop source for answers. This 1972 book is a compendium of mathematical formulas, tables, and graphs. It contains a very complete table of analytical integrals, differential equations, and numerical series; and includes tables of trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, tables for numerical integration, rules for differentiation and integration, and techniques for point interpolation and function approximation. Additionally, the book devotes an entire section to mathematical and physical constants as fractions and powers of Pi, e, and prime numbers; and discusses statistics by presenting combinatorial analysis and probability functions. The Handbook of Mathematical Functions with coverage is extensive. In its more than 1000 pages, almost all Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Abramowitz, M.; mathematical areas are treated. For people working in mathematical Tables Stegun, I.A. research or numerical computing, this Handbook is a "must have." This book is an extremely practical and down-to-earth guide to the repair of molds, tools and dies. It offers time and money-saving advice for companies wishing to become self-sufficient in in-house tool repair work, from buying the most suitable equipment and materials to using them Handbook of Mold, Tool and Die Repair effectively. It offers basic TIG welding exercises for beginners and Welding Thompson, Steve simple, step-by-step advice on essential weld techniques. This handbook shows you how to alleviate problems by careful design of the molded part and the mold, careful selection of materials, and proper process techniques. It examines computer-aided methods of forecasting shrinkage and warpage. Most important of all, it provides representative data to work with. Included is a very comprehensive collection of shrinkage data, plus hard-to-find multi-point information on how materials, part design, mold design, processing, and post mold treatment affect the part's shrinkage and warpage. This book is for all Handbook of Molded Part Shrinkage and people who live and work with this common problem, and is written in a Warpage Fischer, J.M. way that makes the reader feel like an expert is standing next to them. This book answers an important need by pulling together in one volume a thorough technical summary of each of the key areas that make up a multilevel metal system. Included are associated design, analysis, materials, and manufacturing topics. It functions as a good learning tool for the engineer newly assigned to work in metallization. It also serves as a reference text for any MLM engineer, new or experienced, who Handbook of Multilevel Metallization for Wilson, S.R.; wishes to refresh their memory. For someone who wants to further Integrated Circuits - Materials, Tracy, C.J.; specialize in one topical area, an extensive listing of references has Technology, and Applications Freeman, J.L., Jr. been provided. This book contains properties of 72 of the most commonly used solvents, tabulated in the most convenient way, making this book a joy for industrial chemists to use as a desk reference. The properties covered are those which answer the basic questions of: Will it do the job? Will it harm the user? Will it pollute the air? Is it easy to handle? Will it pollute the water? Can it be recovered or incinerated? These are all factors that need to be considered at the early stages of choosing a Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties Smallwood, I.M. solvent for a new product or process. This book describes nearly 4000 currently available raw materials. Data represent selections from manufacturers’ descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from, makers or distributors of these materials. Paint raw materials categories: Contents: Antifoams, Defoamers, Dispersants, Surfactants; Driers and Antiskining Agents; Extenders, Fillers, Pigments; Flame/Fire Retardants; Flatting Agents; Latex Emulsions; Oils; Preservatives, Bactericides, Fungicides; Resins; Handbook of Paint Raw Materials (2nd Rheological/Viscosity Control Agents; Silicone Additives; Titanium Edition) Flick, E.W. Dioxides. This handbook deals with the various aspects of petroleum analysis while providing a detailed explanation of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to feedstocks. The material also reviews the application of new methods for determining instability and incompatibility, focusing on the analytical methods related to environmental regulations. Most importantly, the book provides details of the meanings of the various test results and how they might be applied to predict feedstock behavior. Where pertinent, new tests that are not Handbook of Petroleum Analysis Speight, James G. yet accepted as standardized are described. This handbook provides detailed explanations of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to determining the predictability of the behavior of new petroleum feedstocks. The book describes the application of methods for determining the instability and incompatibility of petroleum products, and provides details of the meaning of various test results and how they might be applied to predict product behavior. It explains the rationale behind various testing methods and standards, and makes a case for standardizing protocols across international Handbook of Petroleum Product Analysis Speight, James G. boundaries. This handbook incorporates the most recent technological advances and research developments in photovoltaics. All topics relating to the photovoltaic (PV) industry are discussed and each chapter has been written by an internationally-known expert in the field. Each chapter is written to be partially accessible to beginners while providing detailed information of the physics and technology for experts. Encompassing a review of past work and the fundamentals in solar electric science, this Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Luque, Antonio; outstanding reference provides an invaluable resource to practitioners, Engineering Hegedus, Steven consultants, researchers and students in the PV engineering industry. This book covers all aspects of the Physical Vapor Deposition process technology from characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post- deposition processing. It covers seldom treated subjects such as substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and processing. It also Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition covers the more widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and (PVD) Processing Mattox, D.M. the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. This book provides the most practical way to carry out many of the process steps involved in integrated circuitry. This overview of the Handbook of Plasma Processing Rossnagel, S.M.; technology describes the advantages provided by plasmas, plasma Technology - Fundamentals, Etching, Cuomo, J.J.; fundamentals, and a range of plasma processes relevant to the Deposition, and Surface Interactions Westwood, W.D. deposition and etching of thin films for microelectronics and other fields. This book is a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and Handbook of Plastic Foams Landrock, A.H. students. The information available in this new title helps the user select the right plasticizer and avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizer incorporation demands a broad background of information. Plasticizers today are added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials which may have different reactions to the presence of plasticizers. Choosing a plasticizer is not simple because there is a large selection of commercial plasticizers and various environmental issues dictate preferred solutions. This title is a must for anyone involved with the manufacture, Handbook of Plasticizers Wypych, George use, or sale of plasticizers. The information available in this new title helps the user select the right plasticizer and avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizer incorporation demands a broad background of information. Plasticizers today are added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials which may have different reactions to the presence of plasticizers. Choosing a plasticizer is not simple because there is a large selection of commercial plasticizers and various environmental issues dictate preferred solutions. This title is a must for anyone involved with the manufacture, Handbook of Plasticizers Wypych, George use, or sale of plasticizers. A hands-on guide to choosing and using old and new technologies for joining plastics and elastomers. Includes detailed discussions of over 25 techniques used to join plastics to themselves and to other materials. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique along with detailed discussions of applications are presented. This book is an excellent reference and an invaluable resource for novice and expert alike in Plastics Design determining the best joining technique for their application and providing Handbook of Plastics Joining Library Staff guidance in how to design and prepare for production. This second edition is a valuable working resource for anyone involved with manufacturing, testing, studying, or developing plastics. Thoroughly updated and expanded with more than thirty-five percent new material, this new edition of the 1984 classic provides practical information on all aspects of contemporary plastics testing in a highly accessible, nonmathematical form. Following a concise introduction to basic concepts, the book moves straight to practical discussions of the full gamut of testing issues, including thermal, mechanical, weathering, optical, electrical, and chemical properties; materials characterization; flammability; analytical tests; quality control; product liability testing; failure analysis; nondestructive testing; and more. Rather than simply describing test procedures, the author clearly explains the broader Handbook of Plastics Testing Technology significance of each test and the results it yields for engineers and (2nd Edition) Shah, Vishu materials scientists working in industry today. This book reviews blood platelet biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology and function. This edited volume provides up-to-date information on how platelets function, the biochemical mechanisms that modulate their physiology and function, as well as the pharmacology of platelet inhibitory drugs. The book presents an excellent overview of biochemistry, receptor biology, signaling mechanisms, calcium homeostasis, molecular pathology, and comparative physiology of platelets, as well as the pharmacology of antiplatelet drugs and clinical trials. Handbook of Platelet Physiology and Pharmacology will prove a useful reference for hematologists, cell biologists, biochemists, Handbook of Platelet Physiology and pathologists, and other researchers in the areas of cell biology, Pharmacology Rao, Gundu H.R. pathobiology, atherosclerosis, thrombosis, and biomedical engineering. This completely revised edition remains the only comprehensive treatise on polymer coatings for electronics. Since the original edition, the applications of coatings for the environmental protection of electronic systems have greatly increased, largely driven by the competitive need to reduce costs, weight and volume. The demands for high-speed circuits for the rapid processing of signals and data, high-density circuits for the storage and retrieval of megabits of memory, and the improved reliability required of electronics for guiding and controlling weapons and space vehicles have triggered the development of many new and improved coating polymers and formulations. Both the theoretical aspects of coatings (molecular structure of polymer types and their correlation with electrical and physical properties) and applied aspects (functions, deposition processes, applications, testing) are covered in the book. Over 100 proprietary coating formulations were reviewed, their Handbook of Polymer Coatings for properties collated, and tables of comparative properties prepared. This Electronics - Chemistry, Technology and Licari, J.J.; book is useful as both a primer and as a handbook for collecting Applications (2nd Edition) Hughes, L.A. properties data. Created for engineers and students working with pure polymers and polymer solutions, this handbook provides up-to-date, easy to use methods to obtain specific volumes and phase equilibrium data. A comprehensive database for the phase equilibria of a wide range of polymer-solvent systems, and PVT behavior of pure polymers are given, as are accurate predictive techniques using group contributions and readily available pure component data. This handbook is a valuable Handbook of Polymer Solution Danner, R.P.; resource in the design and operation of many polymer processes, such Thermodynamics High, Martin S. as polymerization, devolatilization, drying, extrusion, and heat exchange. This book describes the current knowledge of polymer-modified mortars and concretes, covering in detail the principles of polymer modification for cement composites, along with the process technology, applications, Handbook of Polymer-Modified Concrete and properties of polymer-modified mortars and concretes. Also special and Mortars - Properties and Process polymer-modified systems such as MDF cements, anti-washout Technology Ohama, Y. underwater concretes, polymer-ferrocements, and artificial woods. Refractory carbides and nitrides are useful materials with numerous industrial applications and a promising future, in addition to being materials of great interest to the scientific community. Although most of their applications are recent, the refractory carbides and nitrides have been known for over one hundred years.The industrial importance of the refractory carbides and nitrides is growing rapidly, not only in the traditional and well-established applications based on the strength and refractory nature of these materials such as cutting tools and abrasives, Handbook of Refractory Carbides and but also in new and promising fields such as electronics and opto- Nitrides Pierson, H.O. electronics. This two-volume handbook uniquely brings together information on the key methodologies used in the analysis of agrochemical residues and current best practices, while also giving numerous examples of how these methodologies are applied in practice to a wide range of both individual compounds, and classes of agrochemical compounds. Covers best practices to conduct various crop residue and field Handbook of Residue Analytical Methods monitoring studies, and detailed method procedures for the for Agrochemicals, Volumes 1-2 Lee, Philip W. determination of major classes of agrochemicals. This book is an up-to-date summary of the science, technology and manufacturing of semiconductor silicon materials. Every known property O'Mara, W.C.; of silicon is detailed. A complete set of silicon binary phase diagrams is Handbook of Semiconductor Silicon Herring, R.B.; included. Practical aspects such as materials handling, safety, impurity Technology Hunt, L.P. and defect reduction are also discussed in depth. This book brings together into one volume all pertinent knowledge on semiconductor wafer cleaning and the scientific and technical disciplines associated directly or indirectly with this subject. The book provides the first comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of this rapidly evolving field. Its 13 chapters were written by 19 scientists who are recognized experts.The depth and breadth of the material should appeal to those Handbook of Semiconductor Wafer new in the field as well as to experienced professionals. The volume is Cleaning Technology - Science, intended to serve as a handbook for practitioners and professionals in Technology, and Applications Kern, W. the field. Surveys the selection, design, and operation of most of the industrially important separation processes. Discusses the underlying principles on which the processes are based, and provides illustrative examples of the use of the processes in a modern context. Features thorough treatment of newer separation processes based on membranes, adsorption, chromatography, ion exchange, and chemical complexation. Includes a review of historically important separation processes such as distillation, absorption, extraction, leaching, and crystallization and Handbook of Separation Process Rousseau, Ronald considers these techniques in light of recent developments affecting Technology W. them. This book is a complete, definitive source for the design, manufacture, application, and testing of small electric motors less than ten horsepower. Gives motor design engineers, test technicians, and engineers top-to-bottom coverage of materials used in motor Yeadon, W.H.; manufacturing, as well as how-to advice on selecting the right design Handbook of Small Electric Motors Yeadon, A.W. and assembly method. Includes a full section on motor applications. Solvents are used in nearly all industries, from cosmetics to semiconductors, and from biotechnology research to iron and steel production. This book is a comprehensive and extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. It is a balanced presentation of solvent performance, processing characteristics, and environment and health issues.The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards on solvent use, handling, and disposal.The contributors are members of prestigious universities and industries from around the world. Altogether, they have written 47 books and hundreds of paper on the subject of solvents. Here they give a synthesis of their experiences and opinions on how to best change the global use of solvents in order to both benefit from the technology, and limit health, safety, and Handbook of Solvents Wypych, G. environmental risks. This major new handbook provides comprehensive coverage of the manufacture, processing and applications of high tech textiles for a huge range of operations including: heat and flame protection; waterproof and breathable fabrics; textiles in filtration; geotextiles; medical textiles; textiles in transport engineering and textiles for extreme environments. It is an essential guide for textile yarn and fibre manufacturers; producers of woven, knitted and non-woven fabrics; textile finishers; designers and Horrocks, A.R.; specifiers of textiles for new or novel applications as well as lecturers Handbook of Technical Textiles Anand, S.C. and graduate students on university textile courses. This comprehensive book contains essential information on the applicability of thermal analysis techniques to evaluate inorganic and Ramachandran, organic materials in construction technology and should serve as a V.S.; Paroli, R.M.; useful reference guide for the material scientist, technologist, student, Handbook of Thermal Analysis of Beaudoin, J.J.; engineer, analytical chemist, architect, manufacturer, and user of Construction Materials Delgado, A.H. construction materials. As a survey of the technology, the handbook provides the reader with the practical implications of crosslinking, as well as establishing relationships between time, temperature, and mass, often ignored in the general overviews allotted to thermoset plastics in other handbooks. The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics (2nd Handbook of Thermoset Plastics offers the most complete collection of Edition) Goodman, S.H. general and technical details available for this important subject. This book includes much cutting-edge material. Entirely new chapters on contamination and contamination control describe the basics and the issues - as feature sizes shrink to sub-micron dimensions, cleanliness and particle elimination has to keep pace. A new chapter on meterology explains the growth of sophisticated, automatic tools capable of measuring thickness and spacing of sub-micron dimensions. The book also covers PVD, laser and e-beam assisted deposition, MBE, and ion beam methods to bring together all the physical vapor deposition Handbook of Thin-Film Deposition techniques. Two entirely new areas receive full treatment: chemical Processes and Techniques - Principles, mechanical polishing, which helps attain the flatness that is required by Methods, Equipment and Applications modern lithography methods, and new materials used for interconnect (2nd Edition) Seshan, K. dielectric materials, specifically organic polyimide materials. This is a compendium of over 1600 methods taken from technical periodicals published. Many of the methods are detailed enough to enable an analyst to perform the tests without reference to the original literature. Chemists concerned with analysis of agricultural chemicals (including pesticides), pharmaceuticals, clinical chemicals and other biochemicals, goods and beverages, dyes and intermediates, petroleum products, soaps and detergents, cosmetics, and forensic materials, to name just a few, will find this book extremely valuable and time-saving Handbook of Ultraviolet Methods White, Robert, G. in their work. Ultraviolet and visible absorptions of organic compounds are characteristic of absorbing systems that consist of a so-called chromophore group and the auxochromic groups bonded to it, rather Handbook of Ultraviolet and Visible than the chemical structure of the molecule as a whole. This revised and Absorption Spectra of Organic enlarged version has been compiled to contain tabulation according to Compounds Hirayama, Kenzo absorption maxima. This handbook gives readers a close look at the entire technology of printing very high resolution and high density integrated circuit (IC) patterns into thin resist process transfer coatings - including optical lithography, electron beam, ion beam, and X-ray lithography. The book's main theme is the special printing process needed to achieve volume high density IC chip production, especially in the Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) industry. The book leads off with a comparison of various lithography methods, covering the three major patterning parameters of line/space, resolution, line edge and pattern feature dimension control. The book's explanation of resist and resist process equipment technology may well be the first practical description of the relationship between the resist process and equipment parameters. The Handbook of VLSI Microlithography - basics of resist technology are completely covered - including an entire Principles, Tools, Technology and chapter on resist process defectivity and the potential yield limiting effect Applications (2nd Edition) Helbert, J.N. on device production. This is a comprehensive text describing the basic physics and technological applications of vacuum arcs. Part I describes basic physics of the vacuum arc, beginning with a brief tutorial review of plasma and electrical discharge physics, then describes the arc ignition process, cathode and anode spots which serve as the locus for plasma generation, and resultant interelectrode plasma. Part II describes the Boxman, R.L.; applications of the vacuum arc for depositing thin films and coatings, Handbook of Vacuum Arc Science and Sanders, D.; refining metals, switching high power, and as sources of intense Technology Martin, P.J. electron, ion, plasma, and x-ray beams. Extensively revised and updated, this authoritative biochemistry text is known worldwide for its comprehensive and up-to-date coverage. Murray, Robert K.; Extensively illustrated and user-friendly, the text offers examples of how Granner, Daryl K.; knowledge of biochemistry is essential for understanding the molecular Harper's Illustrated Biochemistry (26th Mayes, Peter A. basis of health and disease. The 26th edition also features expanded Edition) Rodwell, Victor, W. content on results of the Human Genome Project. This handbook is invaluable to aeronautical, acoustical, civil, electrical, mechanical, and plant engineers, as well as product designers and students. Forty-two chapters are grouped according to subject matter. The first group discusses theory; the second considers instrumentation and measurements, and procedures for analyzing and testing systems subjected to shock and vibration. Vibration that is induced by ground motion and fluid flow is considered next; then methods of controlling shock and vibration; followed by chapters on packaging engineering to prevent equipment from being damaged in transit; on the theory and practice of equipment design; and on the effects of shock and vibration on humans. New material includes computer techniques for solving problems, new instrumentation based on microchip technology, Harris' Shock and Vibration Handbook Harris C.M.; advances in analysis of data and models, application of finite element (5th Edition) Piersol, A.G. methods, and test criteria and specifications. This latest edition has retained all the essential characteristics that have made it an indispensable reference book by providing precise technical data and descriptive information for chemical substances and phenomena. The description of chemicals and processes along with an expanded definition of chemical entities and terminology may include: Name, Synonyms, CAS Registry Number, Formula, Physical Properties, Source or Occurrence, Grade, Hazard, Use, and Derivation. It continues to be an essential tool for chemists and chemical engineers, environmental professionals, industrial hygienists, toxicologists, police Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary Lewis, Richard J., and firefighters, EMTs, emergency clean-up technicians, and managers (14th Edition) Sr. of toxicological and chemical information systems. Provides a detailed reference for emergency responders and people who transport chemicals. Considering the events of September 11, this book is especially oriented toward first responder and emergency management personnel. New to this edition is information on chemical warfare (CW) agents and Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)-nerve gasses, blister agents/vesicants, "blood agents," choking/pulmonary agents, and crowd-control agents (tear gasses, pepper sprays, etc.) that might be used as weapons of terrorism. It clearly explains symptoms of exposure and appropriate treatment for the exposure when available, HazMat Data - For First Response, and describes what to do in an emergency situation. The book also Transportation, Storage, and Security Pohanish, Richard gives the NFPA hazard classifications, as well as chemical hazard class (2nd Edition) P. information. Simplify decision making on environmental and occupational safety issues with this comprehensive, unique handbook of the 400 most important chemicals found on plastics industry worksites for molding and extruding; cleaning and finishing; additives and raw materials; plus waste, spills, and fugitive emissions. This intensive, ready-to-use, easy- access safety manual provides summaries of all environmental regulations; exposure limits and OSHA process safety management; Hazardous Chemical Safety Guide for the respirator recommendations; chemical reactivity and fire information; Plastics Industry Pohanish, R.; lower and upper explosive limits; auto-ignition temperature; first-aid Greene, S.A. measures; and much, much more. A quick reference for anyone who deals with hazardous chemicals. Provides the core information about the properties of chemicals, exposure limits, flashpoints, monitoring techniques, personal protection, and other parameters and requirements for protecting people and the environment. Summarizes core information for quick reference in the Carson, P.A.; workplace or in transit. Provides rapid ready-reference to help in the Hazardous Chemicals Handbook Mumford, C.J. often complex task of handling, using and disposing of chemicals safely. The substances dealt with in this book vary considerably in their properties, whether it be chemical, physical or physiological, and as a consequence in the risks they pose to health and safety and the conditions demanded of staff and workplaces which handle them. It is therefore important not only to be able to identify both the gases and fumes themselves, but the dangers which they pose and the consequent measures necessary to deal with those dangers, whether it be as a precautionary measure or in response to an incident. For these reasons the availability of the data contained in this extremely useful book will be of vital importance to all staff on sites where such substances are used as well as those who may need to react to an accident involving their Hazardous Gases and Fumes - A Safety use such as fire-fighters, doctors, nurses, paramedics and other Handbook Warren, P. emergency response staff. The fundamental contents of this comprehensive work are presented here in a user-friendly format, suitable for readers whose needs are less demanding than those of a professional member of IOSH. This book will prove to be as indispensable as its predecessor to a much wider audience, and as such will be an invaluable addition to the bookshelves Health and Safety in Brief Ridley, J. of anyone working within the field of safety at work. This new edition has been extensively revised to take into account recent advances in technology and legislative changes both in the UK and USA. Beginning with a description of the core safety requirements, it goes on to describe the special hazards found in the welding Health and Safety in Welding and Allied Balchin, Nigel C.; environment; noise, radiation, fume, gases and so on in terms of their Processes (5th Edition) Blunt, Jane effects and the strategies that can be adopted to avoid them. This handbook provides practitioners and other researchers with up-to- date information on heat transfer, with main results and correlations summarized at the end of each chapter for quick reference. The goal is to help integrate the latest scientific findings into design. Among the topics are thermophysical properties of fluids and materials, natural convection, heat exchangers, heat transfer in electronic equipment, Bejan, Adrian; porous media, and heat transfer in manufacturing and materials Heat Transfer Handbook Kraus, Allan D. processing. This monograph provides the necessary background and problem- solving examples required for package designers, package users, reliability engineers and those who measure and evaluate the integrity of packages to apply this knowledge to solving their specific challenges. How do you define the goodness of the seal? How is that seal measured? How does the integrity of the seal effect circuit reliability? To answer these questions and others like them, the author has brought together more than 100 application-specific problems and detailed their Hermeticity of Electronic Packages Greenhouse, H. solutions. This book describes the design, physics, and performance of high density plasma sources which have been extensively explored in low pressure plasma processing, such as plasma etching and planarization, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of thin films, sputtered deposition of metals and dielectrics, epitaxial growth of silicon and GaAs, and many other applications. This is a comprehensive survey and High Density Plasma Sources - Design, a detailed description of most advanced high density plasma sources Physics and Performance Popov, O.A. used in plasma processing. Over the last decade, the use of high performance concrete has steadily increased throughout the world, particularly in the construction of tall buildings and bridges. This increased availability has been accompanied by a continuing search for improvements in the mechanical properties, methods of production and durability of this material. Inclusion of examples and case studies drawn from throughout the world. Also High Performance Concretes and includes coverage of both theory and practice; and an explanation of the Applications Shah, S.P.; effect of material properties on the structural design and performance of Ahmad, S.H. concrete. This important handbook provides comprehensive coverage of how high performance fibres are designed and manufactured and covers their capabilities and applications. High performance fibres are being used increasingly for a wide range of applications including geotextiles and geomembranes for construction and civil engineering as well as specialist fibres within composite materials where their ability to fulfill demanding roles makes them an effective choice for the engineer and High Performance Fibres Hearle, J.W.S. materials scientist. Recent developments in high performance thermoplastic resins and their composites are described in this book, and the benefits and limitations of these emerging materials are assessed for aerospace and other applications. Discussions on the performance of neat and High Performance Thermoplastic Resins continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic resins in terms of their and Their Composites Béland S. properties and environmental and chemical resistance are provided. Describes high temperature corrosion of ceramics. In addition to pure single crystals or CVD materials, typical engineering materials of various purities were also studied. The environments used to produce corrosion were selected based on the likelihood of their being encountered in practice and their severity. The ceramic materials developed corrosion Blachere, J.R.; resistance by being immune to the environment or by developing High Temperature Corrosion of Ceramics Pettit, F.S. passivity. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the mechanical behavior of ceramic matrix composites at elevated temperatures. Topics include both short-term behavior (strength, fracture toughness, and R- curve) and long-term behavior (creep, creep-fatigue, delayed failure, High Temperature Mechanical Behavior of Nair, S.V.; Jakus, and lifetime). Emphasis is on a review of fundamentals and on the Ceramic Composites K. mechanics and mechanisms underlying properties. This handbook contains solid, liquid, and gas insulating materials and their applications and breakdown phenomena-generation and measurement of high AC, DC, and impulse voltages and currents- overvoltages triggered by lightning, switching surges, system faults, and other phenomena-high-voltage testing techniques plus testing of apparatus and equipment-and planning of high voltage laboratories. You'll also find new data on vacuum insulation, the breakdown of Naidu, M.S.; composite insulation/insulation systems, high voltage and extra-high High Voltage Engineering (2nd Edition) Kamaraju, V. voltage AC power transmission, and much more. Economic success in the plastics processing industry depends on the quality, precision, and reliability of its most common tool: the injection mold. Consequently, misjudgments in design and mistakes in the manufacturing of molds can result in grave consequences. Now in its third edition, this classic, comprehensive handbook for the design and Menges, Georg; manufacture of injection molds covers all aspects of how to successfully Michaeli, Walter; make injection molds from a practical as well as from a theoretical point How to Make Injection Molds (3rd Edition) Mohren, Paul of view. The Hybrid Microcircuit Technology Handbook integrates the many diverse technologies used in the design, fabrication, assembly, and testing of hybrid segments crucial to the success of producing reliable circuits in high yields. Among these are: resistor trimming, wire bonding, die attachment, cleaning, hermetic sealing, and moisture analysis. In addition to thin films, thick films, and assembly processes, important chapters on substrate selections, handling (including electrostatic discharge), failure analysis, and documentation are included. A comprehensive chapter of design guidelines will be of value to materials Hybrid Microcircuit Technology Handbook Licari, J.J.; Enlow, and process engineers, chemists, and electrical engineers who design (2nd Edition) L.R. and test hybrid circuits. Easy-to-follow guide to data includes all relevant regulations from the EPA, NOAA, Federal Highway Administration, and other public agencies. Covers hydraulic design for water supply, water excess Hydraulic Design Handbook management, and environmental considerations. Features the Mays, Larry W. contributions of experts in specific hydraulic design areas. Since the first use of water as a hydraulic medium in the late 18th century, hydraulics has become an indispensable discipline of engineering science. Enormous technological advances have been made in the intervening years, but this has not been reflected in the available literature on the numerous fluids involved. Based on 40 years of experience with Shell in Norway, this reference text brings together a comprehensive coverage of the behavior and selection of hydraulic fluids. It includes a full analysis of recent advances in synthetic oils - media which will inevitably become more dominant as natural products become scarcer. Provides an overview that both students and professionals involved with hydraulics, whether concerned with the mechanical components or system design or selection and maintenance of the fluids themselves, will refer to again and again as it provides Hydraulic Fluids Hodges, P. relevant information on all the major hydraulic fluids in a single volume. Hydrogen degradation of structural materials is a serious problem that has received increasing attention for the past fifty years. The ubiquity of the sources of hydrogen-corrosion in aqueous solutions, absorption into pipelines carrying humid and contaminated hydrocarbons, contaminants Oriani, Richard A., in the melting processes contributes to the importance of the problem. Hirth, John P.; This book provides a critical review of the fundaments of hydrogen- Smialowski, metal interactions, mechanistic considerations, and the phenomenology Hydrogen Degradation of Ferrous Alloys Michael of the degradation of mechanical properties. The major mission of this sourcebook is to intensify and highlight the importance of typical mechanical components by illustrating their versatility, innovative applications, history and artistry. Hopefully, this presentation will stimulate new ideas by giving the reader a graphic kaleidoscopic view of mechanical components, as well as an Illustrated Sourcebook of Mechanical appreciation for their geometric grace and adaptability into complex Components Parmley, R.O. mechanisms. The broad collection of techniques gathered in this book help illustrate material/process/property relationships for a wide selection of materials and processes in the plastics industry. With the recent increases in computing power and scope, as well as advances in software engineering, imaging has already become a universal tool. Image processing and image analysis have become common expressions and are widely recognized within the scientific community.The imaging techniques employed range from visible optical methods to scanning and transmission electron microscopy, x-ray, thermal wave infrared and atomic force microscopy. Image analysis is used to monitor/ characterize a variety of processes.Processes included within this book are: extrusion, injection molding, foam production, film manufacture, compression molding, blow molding, vulcanization, melt spinning, Imaging and Image Analysis Applications reactive blending, welding, conveying, composite manufacture, for Plastics Pourdeyhimi, B. compounding, and thermosetting. This book reviews and evaluates existing indoor air quality control techniques. The indoor air pollutants of most concern are radon, Fisk, W.J.; formaldehyde, and certain combustion products - nitrogen dioxide, Spencer, R.K.; carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and various respirable particles. Many Grimsrud, D.T.; techniques exist to control the concentrations of these pollutants and Indoor Air Quality Control Techniques - Offermann, F.J.; other indoor pollutants that are only now being recognized as significant. Radon, Formaldehyde, Combustion Pedersen, B.; The purpose of this book is to provide a current review and evaluation of Products Sextro, R. these control techniques. This handbook brings you solutions to virtually any problem in the field. Leading U.S. and international experts help you to create and maintain safe and healthy environments in structures from hospitals to residences, and handle a range of questions from health and comfort effects and physiologic thresholds to ventilation measurement and employee programs. For answers on instrumentation, contaminants, Spengler J.D.; codes, and guidelines—for the solutions you need to assess, Samet, J.M.; design, and maintain healthy and productive indoor environments, this Indoor Air Quality Handbook McCarthy, J.F. book is the one source to have. Turn to this multipurpose reference for a practical understanding of electronics in the factory or laboratory. It’s perfect for people who are not electrical engineers, but who need to use electronic equipment every day at work. Avoid or solve common problems in the use of electronics in the factory or lab and optimize the use of measurement and control equipment with this helpful resource! The guide is easily understood by anyone who has taken a high school Industrial Electronics for Engineers, physics course — yet it provides quick, specific solutions for such Chemists, and Technicians - With Shanefield, Daniel electronics issues as feedback oscillation, ground loops, impedance Optional Lab Experiments J. mismatch, noise pickup, and optimization of PID controllers. Provides an advanced level of study of industrial hygiene engineering situations with emphasis on the control of exposure to occupational health hazards. Primary attention is given to ventilation, noise and vibration control, heat stress and industrial illumination. Other topics Industrial Hygiene Engineering - include industrial water quality, solid waste control, handling and storage Recognition, Measurement, Evaluation of hazardous materials, personal protective equipment, and costs of and Control (2nd Edition) Talty, J.T. industrial hygiene control. This multi-authored handbook is a unique cross-industry resource for formulators and compounders, and an invaluable reference for the producers of formulated commodities and industrial minerals. Monographs on each of the common functional industrial minerals- asbestos, barite, calcium carbonate, diatomite, feldspar, gypsum, hormite, kaolin, mica, nepheline syenite, perlite, pyrophyllite, silica, smectite, talc, vermiculite, wollastonite, and zeolite include an overview of natural and commercial varieties, market size, and application areas. These are supported by descriptions of mineral structures, and the Industrial Minerals and Their Uses - A wedding of minerals and chemicals through mineral surface Handbook and Formulary Ciullo, P.A. modification. Completely revised, and vastly expanded, this 5th Edition is a well- established and successful reference volume designed principally for the chemical and other process industries, but will be found useful by anyone needing the latest pertinent data on industrial solvents. The over 1,200 tables in this book contain basic data on the physical properties of most solvents and on the solubilities of a variety of materials in these Industrial Solvents Handbook (5th Edition) Flick, E.W. solvents. The second edition of this useful book describes almost 2900 surfactants which are currently available for industrial use. The book will be of value to technical and managerial personnel involved in the specification and use of these products. The information has been developed directly from information received from 46 surfactant suppliers. Industrial surfactants find uses in almost every industry, from asphalt manufacturing to carpet fibers, from pulp and paper production to leather processing. Examples of the types of chemicals used as surfactants are fatty alcohol sulfates, alkanolamides, alkoxylates, sulfosuccinates, amines, quaternaries, phosphate esters, acid esters, Industrial Surfactants (2nd Edition) Flick, Ernest W. block copolymers, betaines, imidazolines, alkyl sulfonates, etc. This book contains short product descriptions of 3,000 resins and related products from 57 manufacturers. Contents: ABS and SAN Resins; Acetal Resins; Acrylics; Alkyds; Curing Reaction Resins; Epoxy Systems & Related Products; High Solids Resins; Nylons; Phenolics; Polycarbonates; Polyesters; Polyethylenes; Polypropylenes; Polystyrenes; Polyurethanes; Rosins, Rosin Esters & Hydrocarbon Industrial Synthetic Resins Handbook Resins; Silicones; Vinyls; Miscellaneous; Suppliers’ Addresses; (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. Trade Name Index. Bollinger, Robert E.; Clark, David G.; Dowell, Arthur M. III; Ewbank, Rodger M.; Many traditional routes to safer processes add complex layers - systems Hendershot, that must actively intervene, or that require special operating Dennis C.; Lutz, procedures, to avert a catastrophe. Inherently safer concepts provide William K.; risk reduction as a built-in characteristic of the process. With a foreword Meszaros, Steven by acclaimed international safety expert Trevor Kletz, this book presents Inherently Safer Chemical Processes, A I.; Park, Donald E.; the principles and strategies for applying inherently safer thinking Life Cycle Approach Wixom, Everett D. throughout the life cycle of the process. This new edition of the best-selling standard is the complete source for a simplified and consolidated explanation of the injection molding operation and each of its aspects. Taking a practical approach, Injection Molding Handbook provides essential information in chapters that are Rosato, Dominick organized to best present a methodology for injection molding. It V.; Rosato, Donald examines considerable technological advancements, especially those in V.; Rosato, computer methods, that have been made since the classic second Injection Molding Handbook (3rd Edition) Marlene G. edition was published. This new edition of the best-selling standard is the complete source for a simplified and consolidated explanation of the injection molding operation and each of its aspects. Taking a practical approach, Injection Molding Handbook provides essential information in chapters that are Rosato, Dominick organized to best present a methodology for injection molding. It V.; Rosato, Donald examines considerable technological advancements, especially those in V.; Rosato, computer methods, that have been made since the classic second Injection Molding Handbook (3rd Edition) Marlene G. edition was published. This book is of central importance to the vast food industry, with particular emphasis on very high sanitary and hygienic operating standards. This comprehensive reference covers the wide range of instruments used in the industry with contributions from an international panel of specialists. This volume discusses both instruments routinely used in the food industry at present and those likely to be introduced in the next few years. The significance of measured variables, measurement principles, and particularly considerations when applied to Instrumentation and Sensors for the Food Kress-Rogers, E.; the food industry are described. For practitioners in the food industry, Industry (2nd Edition) Brimelow, C.J.B. instrument manufacturers, and students of food technology. Some of the most original and productive research specialists in the field of particle-fluid flow systems are assembled in this book, which is an important and current reference volume. The book focuses on methods of measurement and options for engineers and scientists performing research and evaluation of particle-fluid flow systems. Improved instrumentation for measurement in this field is an essential element in Instrumentation for Fluid-Particle Flow Soo, Shao Lee the progress of research and engineering of multi-phase flow systems. This book is invaluable to anyone who wants an in-depth understanding of thermal insulation. It is a thorough guide to all the important methods, materials, and concepts associated with it, along with sound problem- solving advice. You'll slash construction time and costs while maximizing energy efficiency with this "A-Z" overview of residential installation. Written by an expert author with hands-on construction and design experience, this book provides the rock-solid help you need to: Evaluate the pros and cons of today's most commonly used materials, including loose fill, batts, blankets, spray-on, and boards, as well as cutting-edge technologies still under development. Decide upon the best insulation strategy. Work within the framework of codes, standards, and regulations. Achieve optimum thermal comfort in any home. Understand innovative insulation systems such as ICFs (insulated concrete formwork), SIPs (structured insulated panels) and drainable-type EIFs. Prevent damages caused by moisture accumulation, or solve the Insulation Handbook Bynum, R.T., Jr. problems presented by asbestos and other dangerous materials. This volume is one of four, each of which consists of reprinted chapters from the highly acclaimed, comprehensive two-volume set Intermetallic Compounds: Principles and Practice, published in 1995. Chapters have been selected and grouped in subject areas to provide more easily accessible and user-friendly volumes for individual researchers. The other titles in this four-volume set are: Basic Mechanical Properties and Intermetallic Compounds, Volume 1 - Lattice Defects of Intermetallic Compounds; Structural Applications of Crystal Structures of Intermetallic Westbrook, J.H.; Intermetallic Compounds; and Magnetic, Electrical and Optical Compounds Fleischer, R.L. Properties and Applications of Intermetallic Compounds. This volume is one of four, each of which consists of reprinted chapters from the highly acclaimed, comprehensive two-volume set Intermetallic Compounds: Principles and Practice, published in 1995. Chapters have been selected and grouped in subject areas to provide more easily accessible and user-friendly volumes for individual researchers. The other titles in this four-volume set are: Crystal Structures of Intermetallic Intermetallic Compounds, Volume 2 - Compounds; Structural Applications of Intermetallic Compounds; and Basic Mechanical Properties and Lattice Westbrook, J.H.; Magnetic, Electrical and Optical Properties and Applications of Defects of Intermetallic Compounds Fleischer, R.L. Intermetallic Compounds. This volume is one of four, each of which consists of reprinted chapters from the highly acclaimed, comprehensive two-volume set Intermetallic Compounds: Principles and Practice, published in 1995. Chapters have been selected and grouped in subject areas to provide more easily accessible and user-friendly volumes for individual researchers. The other titles in this four-volume set are: Crystal Structures of Intermetallic Intermetallic Compounds, Volume 3 - Compounds; Basic Mechanical Properties and Lattice Defects of Structural Applications of Intermetallic Westbrook, J.H.; Intermetallic Compounds; and Magnetic, Electrical and Optical Compounds Fleischer, R.L. Properties and Applications of Intermetallic Compounds This volume is one of four, each of which consists of reprinted chapters from the highly acclaimed, comprehensive two-volume set Intermetallic Compounds: Principles and Practice, published in 1995. Chapters have been selected and grouped in subject areas to provide more easily accessible and user-friendly volumes for individual researchers. The Intermetallic Compounds, Volume 4 - other titles in this four-volume set are: Crystal Structures of Intermetallic Magnetic, Electrical and Optical Compounds; Basic Mechanical Properties and Lattice Defects of Properties and Applications of Westbrook, J.H.; Intermetallic Compounds; and Structural Applications of Intermetallic Intermetallic Compounds Fleisher, R.L. Compounds. This classic and well-known reference was originally published from 1926 - 1930 for the National Research Council in 7 volumes. It contains an enormous amount of critical data on inorganic and organic compounds, and pure substances. Featuring physical, thermodynamic, mechanical, and other key properties, it is a major reference source used by those involved in chemistry, physics, and engineering. In 2003, Knovel undertook the conversion of this publication into full-text International Critical Tables of Numerical searchable electronic format that makes data easily accessible. 7 most Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology important tables were made interactive for increased searchability and (1st Electronic Edition) Washburn, E.W. user-friendliness. The purpose of this book is to provide a convenient source of environment information to the users of Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Cancinogens, 4th Edition, edited by Richard International Resources Guide to Pohanish. This book is intended for chemists, toxicologists, laboratory Hazardous Chemicals - Manufacturers, technicians, manufacturers, safety professionals and government Agencies, Organizations, and Useful personnel involved in environmental and industrial safety and health Sources of Information Greene, S.A. matters. The field of adaptive array sensor systems is now a maturing technology, and with applications of these systems growing more and more numerous there is a wealth of widely scattered literature available on various aspects of such systems. There are few textbooks that briefly treat certain aspects of adaptive array systems, but until now there have been no books devoted entirely to presenting an integrated treatment of such systems that provide the reader with the perspective to organize Monzingo, Robert the available literature into easily understood parts. The primary A.; Miller, Thomas emphasis of the book is to cover those principles and techniques that Introduction to Adaptive Arrays W. are of fundamental importance in modern adaptive array systems. This book is an ideal introduction to the subject for non-specialists: engineers, technicians, pilots, and aerospace industry marketing, public relations, and customer support personnel. Also excellent as a reference for specialists in the field. The completely rewritten and revised Second Edition updates a famous work originally published by the Hughes Aircraft Company. Much more than a simple introduction, the book is actually a history, reference, tech manual, and textbook rolled into one Introduction to Airborne Radar (2nd beautifully illustrated volume, packed with full color photos, drawings, Edition) Stimson, G.W. tables and charts, plus knowledgeable, informative text. Continuum mechanics studies the response of materials to different loading conditions. The concept of tensors is introduced through the idea of linear transformation in a self-contained chapter, and the interrelation of direct notation, indicial notation, and matrix operations is clearly presented. A wide range of idealized materials are considered Introduction to Continuum Mechanics (3rd Lai, W.M.; Rubin, through simple static and dynamic problems, and the book contains an Edition) D.; Krempl, E. abundance of illustrative examples of problems, many with solutions. Fluid mechanics is one of the most difficult core courses encountered by engineering students. The problem stems from the necessity of visualizing complex flow patterns and fluid behaviour modeled by high- level mathematics. This text overcomes this difficulty by introducing the Nakayama, Y.; concepts through everyday examples before moving on to the real Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Boucher, R.F. phenomena and is illustrated with numerous figures and photographs. This is the only book focused on the complete aspects of RF Stealth design. It is the first book to present and explain first order methods for the design of active and passive stealth properties. Everything from Electronic Order of Battle to key component design is covered. The book is a "How to" allowing estimation of RCS, emitter interceptability, IR signature with speed, emitter footprints, terrain obscuration and target visibility, ambient spectra, ambient pulse density, detection performance, antenna, filter and pulse compression sidelobes, emitter location accuracy, stealthy pulse compression design, stealthy antenna Introduction to RF Stealth Lynch, David Jr. design, signal processor performance, and more. This book is written for people who simply wish to gain a basic overall understanding of rubber technology. Thus the purchasing agent, engineer, polymer chemist, student of rubber technology, shop floor manager, and indeed the president and upper management, involved in the industry will want to read this book. Customers who use rubber in their products can obtain an understanding of those technical aspects Introduction to Rubber Technology Ciesielski, Andrew with which they are unfamiliar from this book. The technique of ionized-cluster beam (ICB) deposition, the fundamentals of ICB technology, and technical applications of thin films produced by ICB deposition are presented in a single volume to give a coherent presentation to all those interested or working in the field. ICB processes are well characterized, and reliable equipment is available. The films deposited are often superior to those deposited by either Ionized-Cluster Beam Deposition and evaporation or sputtering, and the range of control of the process Epitaxy Takagi, T. exceeds other techniques by a great margin. This handbook is an essential reference in quality engineering and management practices, it has been completely updated for this new edition. Contributed, revised, and edited by a global team of industry experts, this new edition provides penetrating coverage of the newest methods in planning, control, and results, delivering all the tools necessary for successful quality engineering and management well into the next century. In this Fifth Edition, a major revision of the best-selling classic Handbook, you'll find new emphasis on software, and updates in many key areas. Written for managers, quality and industrial engineers, and students, this dynamic new version of Juran's reaches beyond the mangement site to address new customer service, supplier relations, Juran, J.M.; and worldwide market standard considerations. No Management or Juran's Quality Handbook (5th Edition) Godfrey, A.B. Engineering library can be complete without it. Everyone involved in the process industries is fully aware of the potentially devastating effects that an explosion, fire or escape of flammable and toxic material can have, and the role of effective safety procedures in this environment can never be underestimated. This second edition of Ralph King's widely regarded insight into the key issues has been thoroughly revised and updated throughout, to provide King's Safety in the Process Industries a comprehensive account of the main hazards, as well as discussing the (2nd Edition) n/a causes of accidents and how best they can be controlled at the source. Now in its third edition, this best-selling text is generally considered to be the definitive guide and reference to knitting technology. The presentation is clear, concise, systematic and carefully organized for easy reference. Each chapter covers both fundamentals and advanced concepts of the chapter topic. More than 250 photographs, diagrams Knitting Technology - A Comprehensive and other schematics illustrate structures, designs, machinery and Handbook and Practical Guide (3rd operations. This is in effect a mini-encyclopedia of today's knitting Edition) Spencer, David J.. technology. This important, interactive Knovel reference contains tables of physical, solvent, and thermodynamic properties. The physical property tables alone include over 21,000 inorganic and organic compounds, and pure substances. The solvent property tables have data for 385 common solvents, and the thermodynamic property tables have data for over 15,000 compounds. Additionally, several tables make use of the interactive Equation Plotter to plot thermodynamic properties as a function of temperature. Each table is fully interactive and searchable by keyword and numeric property value. The thermodynamic tables feature an Equation Plotter that graphically represents the temperature correlation relationships and allows for easy calculation and plotting of Knovel Critical Tables Knovel the properties. This title contains a sample of scientific and technical content available on Knovel. It showcases the range of this content and the benefits of Knovel's productivity tools, such as Graph Digitizer. Use this free title to browse, search (in advanced and basic modes) and practice the use of Knovel Sample Book n/a productivity tools. This database is a comprehensive collection of health, safety, and physical property information for over 1100 different solvents. It contains common properties in two quick-reference tables: Health & Safety Information and Physical & Chemical Properties. The rows representing the same solvent in both tables are cross-linked. In addition, the tables have links to the chemical structure and a detailed text file for each solvent. The text files contain all of the information present in the interactive tables as well as more in-depth information. Searchable data include chemical names, synonyms, molecular formulas, CAS Registry numbers, and many of the available properties. The text files are full-text searchable, and the fields in the interactive Knovel Solvents - A Properties Database Wypych, George tables are searchable by keywords and numeric values. This text provides students with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills necessary to identify, model, and solve structural analysis problems. The material is illustrated throughout with numerous diagrammatic examples, as well as example problems similar in nature to those found in lower level strength of materials texts. The difficulty of the examples and problems varies from simple to complex. A solutions manual is available for lecturers who adopt the book for classroom Laminar Composites n/a teaching. This reference presents phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of binary alloy systems and crystallographic data of intermediate phases in easily accessible, fully interactive table and graphs. Information is given on metastable crystalline phases as well as quasicrystalline or amorphous alloys. Interactive data is field searchable, while the text of the reference is full text searchable. All binary systems of importance Landolt-Bornstein, Group IV Physical Predel, B. are covered, including essentially every possible combination of Chemistry - Phase Equilibria, (Author); elements from the periodic table. There are over 4,000 interactive Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Madelung O. graphs, including all of the phase diagrams present in the original 10 Data of Binary Alloys, Volume 5 (Editor) volumes. This reference presents phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of binary alloy systems and crystallographic data of intermediate phases in easily accessible, fully interactive table and graphs. Information is given on metastable crystalline phases as well as quasicrystalline or amorphous alloys. Interactive data is field searchable, while the text of Landolt-Bornstein, Group IV Physical the reference is full text searchable.Binary systems for Electronic Chemistry - Phase Equilibria, Predel, B. Materials and Semiconductors are covered, including essentially every Crystallographic and Thermodynamic (Author); possible combination of elements from the periodic table. There are over Data of Binary Alloys, Volume 5 - Madelung O. 1542 interactive graphs, including the phase diagrams present in the Electronic Materials and Semiconductors (Editor) original volumes. This reference presents phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of binary alloy systems and crystallographic data of intermediate phases in easily accessible, fully interactive table and graphs. Information is given on metastable crystalline phases as well as quasicrystalline or amorphous alloys. Interactive data is field searchable, while the text of Landolt-Bornstein, Group IV Physical the reference is full text searchable. Binary systems for Light Metal Chemistry - Phase Equilibria, Predel, B. Structural Alloys are covered, including essentially every possible Crystallographic and Thermodynamic (Author); combination of elements from the periodic table. There are over 589 Data of Binary Alloys, Volume 5 - Light Madelung O. interactive graphs, including the phase diagrams present in the original Metal Structural Alloys (Editor) volumes. Known for over half a century simply as Lange's Handbook, this classic reference covers the entire field of chemistry, with state-of-the-art facts, figures, values, tables, and formulas. It is an essential source of information for all chemistry professionals, engineers, and technicians, who will find the easy-to-use tabular presentation, concise descriptions Lange's Handbook of Chemistry (15th and definitions, and extensive cross-indexed subject listing an Edition) Dean, J.A. invaluable working tool. 'Overall, this is one of the best books available on the subject of meat science, and is ideal for all students of food science and technology.' Chemistry in Britain '...one of the best references available on the biochemistry of meat.' Food and Nutrition News Contents include: Factors affecting the growth and development of meat animals (cattle, sheep and pigs); The structure and growth of muscle; Chemical and biochemical constitution of muscle; The conversion of muscle to meat; The spoilage of meat by infecting organisms; The storage and preservation of meat (temperature and moisture control, and direct microbial inhibition); The eating quality of meat; meat and human Lawrie's Meat Science Lawrie, R.A. nutrition; prefabricated meat. Layer of protection analysis (LOPA), the new, simplified method of risk assessment for acute process safety risks, provides a middle ground between qualitative process hazard analysis and traditional, expensive quantitative risk analysis. It also provides an excellent approach for determining the safety integrity level necessary for an instrumented safety system, an approach endorsed by instrument standards such as ISA S84 and IEC 61511. Beginning with an identified accident scenario, LOPA uses simplifying rules to evaluate: * Initiating event frequency * Independent layers of protection * Consequences to provide an order-of- magnitude estimate of risk. Augmented throughout with extensive tables, charts, and examples, this resource provides the information Layer of Protection Analysis - Simplified necessary to undertake and complete a Layer of Protection Analysis Process Risk Assessment n/a during any stage in a process's life cycle. This book is a world-wide directory of the properties and suppliers of light alloys used in, or proposed for, numerous engineering applications. Alloys covered will include aluminium alloys, magnesium alloys, titanium alloys, beryllium. For the metals considered each section will consist of: a short introduction; a table comparing basic data and a series of Hussey, Robert comparison sheets. The book will adopt standardised data in order to John; Wilson, help the reader in finding and comparing different materials and Light Alloys Directory and Databook Josephine identifying the required information. This book provides a guide to vision and lighting fundamentals for workplace safety. Highlighting potential problems that can develop as a consequence of poor illumination, it recommends solutions that bring practitioners into compliance with United Kingdom safety regulations. The discussion begins with basic physical and biological information and moves through a treatment of how lighting affects such factors as Lighting for Health and Safety Smith, N.A. posture and vision. This book explains different phenomena involved in the design and the microstructure development of concrete in a very simple language. A glossary of the terminology and definitions is included to help practicing architects and engineers tailor a concrete that is resistant to the aggressive atmosphere to which it is often exposed. Physical properties and chemical durability are described in detail. The physical properties include density, strength, shrinkage, and elasticity. Chemical durability includes resistance to acids, chloride ingress, carbonation, and freeze- Lightweight Aggregate Concrete - Chandra, S.; thaw resistance. Fire resistance is also included, which is seldom Science, Technology, and Applications Berntsson, L. considered, but is a very important aspect of the safety of the structure. This book is a state-of-the-art review of liquid filtration in the chemical process and allied industries. Interpretations of the phenomenological observations of the hydrodynamics of filtration are given in the hopes of establishing more theoretical and generalized bases of design Cheremisinoff, methodology. Specific design and selection criteria are reviewed, and Liquid Filtration (2nd Edition) N.P. typical industrial problems and their solutions are presented. This book has established itself as the standard crop husbandry text for students and practitioners alike. Radically revised and expanded, and with a new team of authors, the eighth edition confirms and extends its reputation. Part 1 looks at the basic conditions for crop growth with chapters on plant structure and growth, soil analysis and management, and the use of fertilisers and manures. There is also a new chapter on the influence of climate and weather. Part 2 surveys general aspects of crop husbandry. As well as a discussion of cropping techniques, there are new chapters on the important new areas of integrated crop management and organic crop husbandry, as well as discussion of seed selection and production. Part 3 then looks at how these general techniques are applied to particular crops, with chapters on cereals, root Finch, H.J.S.; crops, fresh harvested crops, forage crops and combinable break crops. Lockhart & Wiseman's Crop Husbandry - Samuel, A.M.; Part 4 considers the use of grassland with chapters on classification, Including Grassland (8th Edition) Lane, G.P.F. sowing and management, grazing and conservation for winter feed. Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants are becoming larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl and Piper Alpha. Increasing attention must therefore be paid to the control of these hazards, and in particular the need to develop a comprehensive approach to the avoidance of human and economic loss; this is loss prevention. Frank Lees has completely rewritten this classic reference work on loss prevention, bringing every aspect up to date. New chapters are included on computers, artificial intelligence and expert systems, and new appendices feature recent disasters such as Bhopal and Piper Alpha. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 'Loss Prevention in the Process Industries' covers traditional areas of (2nd Edition) Lees, F.P. personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus The result of 20 years of research at MIT Lincoln Laboratory, this book is of the most significant technological consequence for the industry. It actually solves the problem of low-angle radar land clutter by showing Low-Angle Radar Land Clutter - the reader how to design and predict the performance of radars that Measurements and Empirical Models Billingsley, J.B. operate in situations where land clutter is prevalent. This book is one of the most popular engineering references of all time and is considered the standard reference for the mechanical industries throughout the world. The 26th edition remains true to the Handbook’s original design as an extraordinarily comprehensive yet practical and easy-to-use reference for mechanical and manufacturing engineers, designers, draftsmen, toolmakers, and Oberg, E.; Jones, machinists. It is intended to be used in the same way that other kinds of F.D.; Horton, H.L.; practical tools are used: to make or repair products of high quality, at the Machinery's Handbook (26th Edition) Ryffell, H.H. lowest cost, and in the shortest time possible. This newest edition provides mechanical and manufacturing engineers, designers, draftsmen, machine toolmakers, machinists and students with a broad range of basic and advanced material. Includes industry fundamentals and standards, as well as new material reflecting technological advances and editorial improvements.137 graphs in this title have been made interactive. The PDF files in this book have been encrypted to protect the content from unauthorized use.Guide to Oberg, Erik; Machinery's Handbook (27th Edition)Helps use the Handbook to solve Jones, Franklin D.; problems typically encountered by both draftsmen and machinists. Machinery's Handbook (27th Edition) & Horton, Holbrook Allows you to become more familiar with the wide range of contents Guide to Machinery's Handbook L.; Ryffel, Henry H. found in the Machinery's Handbook. This book presents a unified approach to food imaging by considering how MRI studies of foods undergoing processes such as drying, freezing, baking, extrusion, and freeze-drying can be modeled using mass and heat transport equations and how these mathematical models can be used in process design optimization programs. It also focuses on the microscopic distance scales in foods as probed by NMR Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Food microimaging and NMR microscopy. The role of food microstructure in Science Hills, Brian controlling moisture and heat transport in foods is also discussed. MERITT integrates the best approaches of industry leaders in the fields of integrating inherent safety, pollution prevention, and green chemistry into process development and design to streamline process development, reduce costs, and improve EHS performance. Contents include: * EHS constraints and opportunities * The five "C" fundamental principles of commitment, concurrency, communication, collaboration, and continuity * The application of MERITT * Implementation guidance. This unified approach offers the flexibility to meet many different Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Little, Arthur D., developmental needs, together with the capability to evolve with Design Inc. changing business imperatives Based on the experience of those who have successfully implemented HACCP systems, this book meets the needs of food processing businesses at all stages of HACCP development. It enables those new to HACCP to benefit from the experience of the pioneers, enables those with HACCP systems to see how they can be developed and how they can help their partners in the supply chain, and informs those involved Making the Most of HACCP - Learning Mayes, T.; with enforcement and national HACCP strategies about the practical from Others' Experience Mortimore, S. issues involved in implementation along the supply chain. This comprehensive overview of frozen food technology and processes provides a unique overview of the entire supply chain from the farm to the freezer of the consumer. Specialists in each field cover the particular concerns involved in freezing fruit, vegetables, meat and fish. Maintaining quality is a key issue for the frozen food industry and this book identifies the key quality perameters in production and distribution as well as describing the technology and working practices necessary to attain them. Managing frozen foods is concluded with an examination of Managing Frozen Foods Kennedy, C.J. future trends and emerging new technologies. Based on a lifetime of experience of gearbox design in Formula One racing cars, this book is the first practical guide to the methods used and problems encountered when designing gearboxes. A wide range of design issues is addressed, and various different gear forms are considered. Lubrication and maintenance aspects are covered, as are the consequences of various forms of gear failure. No other book deals Manual Gearbox Design Stokes, A. with the issues of gearbox design in such detail. Never before have the wide range of disciplines comprising manufacturing engineering been covered in such detail in one volume. Leading experts from all over the world have contributed sections. The coverage represents the most up to date survey of the broad interests of the manufacturing engineer. Extensive reference lists are provided, Manufacturing Engineer's Reference Book Koshal, D. making this an indispensable work for every engineer in industry. This book represents recent advances in the field of genetic therapy and describes the methods that are currently being applied in the manufacture of gene therapeutic products. Sixteen chapters by scientists from the United States, Europe, and India discuss somatic gene therapy, cancer treatment, gene self-assembly, gene expression, Manufacturing of Gene Therapeutics - tumor genotype, protein binding matrices, gene transfer, plasmid DNA Methods, Processing, Regulation and manufacturing, quality control for viral therapeutics, gene delivery, Validation Subramanian, G. regulatory issues, and risk assessment. Fully updated to reflect current industry standards and practices, this edition of the classic handbook known simply as "Marks" offers more than 100 essential mechanical engineering topics - from the mechanics of solids and fluids to machine elements, from electrical and electronics engineering to environmental control, and from industrial engineering to instruments and controls. The Tenth Edition features contributions from 125 top experts and includes all-new and rewritten material on gearing, autofacturing, HVAC, displacement pumps, vibration, computers, robotics, iron and steel, nonmetallic materials, stainless steels, composites, fluid film bearings, industrial plants, and more. Complete with state-of-the-art techniques and methods, plus thousands of Marks' Standard Handbook for Avallone, E.A.; illustrations, tables, charts and formulas, this new edition remains the Mechanical Engineers (10th Edition) Baumeister, T., III ultimate authority on every aspect of modern mechanical engineering. This is a database of mass spectra for about 69,000 physiologically active organic compounds made into a highly interactive product by Knovel. It features our Chemical Structure Search and Spectra Viewer productivity tools to give you unprecedented access and ability to search on molecular structures and to view the spectra associated with them. The Chemical Structure Search allows you to draw a structure or a substructure and then search on it. The Spectra Viewer is an interactive tool for displaying spectra data along with the chemical structure of a Mass Spectra of Physiologically Active compound. It allows you to select and record peaks data, calculate Compounds n/a integrals and measure the peak-to-peak distance. This book is designed as a handy desk reference covering fundamental engineering principles of project planning schemes and layout, corrosion principles and materials properties of engineering importance. It is Cheremisinoff, intended as a general source of typical materials property data, useful Materials Selection Deskbook Nicholas P. for first pass materials selection in process design problems. New materials enable advances in engineering design. This book describes a procedure for materials selection in mechanical design, allowing the most suitable materials for a given application to be Materials Selection in Mechanical Design identified from the full range of materials and section shapes available. (2nd Edition) Ashby, M.F. A novel approach is adopted not found anywhere else. Written with the clarity and thoroughness that only a hands-on expert and industry insider could provide, this master reference is invaluable to electrical utility and communications professionals of all levels who are involved with transmission, distribution, substation, telephone, cable TV, and fiber optic systems. It provides a rule-by-rule overview of entire code, offering clarification, analysis, and numerous practical examples. It includes over 400 task-simplifying and time-slashing drawings, photographs, and examples to make every procedure crystal clear and a detailed, useful coverage of difficult and controversial rules, written in plain, jargon-free language. In this "no-nonsense" approach, every page of every section is filled with 100% applicable code interpretation and McGraw-Hill's National Electrical Safety advice. If you're looking for solid, authoritative, thorough coverage of the Code (NESC®) Handbook Marne, D.J. National Electrical Safety Code (NESC®), your search ends here. This book addresses what defines meat quality in the minds of consumers, and the ways these quality attributes can be maintained or enhanced during processing. Part 1 considers individual aspects of quality, beginning with a discussion of the factors affecting the quality of raw meat. Part 2 explores ways in which quality can be measured with a discussion of how to establish reliable and measurable indicators for Kerry, Joseph; quality attributes. Part 3 looks at a range of new techniques that have Kerry, John; been applied at the various stages in the supply chain to provide Meat Processing - Improving Quality Ledward, D. improved and more consistent quality. The chilling and freezing of meat remains an essential way of extending shelf-life and maintaining quality. This book provides an authoritative guide both to the impact of refrigeration on meat and best practice in using it to maximize meat quality for the consumer. Part 1 considers the impact of refrigeration on meat quality. There are chapters on the microbiology of refrigerated meat and its influence on shelf-life, drip production, weight loss, and the effect of refrigeration on color and texture. Part 2 looks at best practice in managing the cold chain from carcass to consumer. The authors discuss primary chilling, freezing, thawing and tempering, transport, storage, retail display, and consumer handing. Part 3 of the book looks at aspects of process control, James, S.J.; including chapters on such issues as temperature measurement, and Meat Refrigeration James, C. the design and optimal use of refrigeration systems. Unique in bringing about a solid-state reaction at room temperature, mechanical alloying produces powders and compounds difficult or impossible to obtain by conventional techniques. Immediate and cost- effective industry applications of the resultant advanced materials are in Mechanical Alloying for Fabrication of El-Eskandarany, cutting tools and high performance aerospace products such as metal Advanced Engineering Materials M.S. matrix armor and turbine blades. This new edition provides qualified engineers with sufficient information to identify the basic principles of a subject and to be directed to further reading if required. Eighteen chapters discuss topics such as mechanical engineering, electrical and electronics principles; computers; materials, properties and selection; mechanics of solids; tribology; power units and transmission; fuels and combustion; alternative energy sources; nuclear, offshore, and plant engineering; manufacturing Mechanical Engineer's Reference Book methods; mathematics; health and safety; and units, symbols and (12th Edition) Smith, Edward H. constants. Authoritative, comprehensive, convenient, detailed, this book is the ultimate guide for the twenty-first century engineer. In a single, easy-to- use volume, it covers a broad spectrum of critical engineering topics and helps you understand the fundamentals, apply the technologies, and get the outcomes you want. With more than 70% entirely new or revised material, this book keeps pace with rapid developments in materials, methods, and equipment—from concurrent engineering and TQM through virtual reality, advanced and composite materials, ergonomic design factors, electronic packaging, and many more major topics. No Mechanical Engineers' Handbook (2nd other mechanical engineering guide matches this book's array of crucial Edition) Kutz, Myer information and special features. This fascinating new book examines strategies for experimental approaches to stiffness, strength and toughness testing of plastic and composite materials. These materials, being non-linear viscoelastic, impose contraints on testing which are absent from other types of material. This book covers the latest testing approaches for providing service-pertinent data within a limited budget and relates the structure of the tests and the functions that they serve to the intrinsic nature of the mechanical properties of plastic materials. Its aim is also to evaluate beneficial approaches to testing in the context of multiple objectives - Mechanical Evaluation Strategies for Moore, D.R.; mechanical evaluation being considered here in the light of modulus Plastics Turner, S. measurement and strength/ductility measurement. One of the most important subjects for any student of engineering to master is the behaviour of materials and structures under load. The way Mechanics of Materials, Volume 1 - An in which they react to applied forces, the deflections resulting and the Introduction to the Mechanics of Elastic stresses and strains set up in the bodies concerned are all vital and Plastic Deformation of Solids and considerations when designing a mechanical component such that it will Structural Materials (3rd Edition) Hearn, E.J. not fail under predicted load during its service lifetime. More advanced topics are dealt with in a companion volume - Mechanics of Materials 2. Each chapter contains a summary of the essential formulae which are developed in the chapter, and a large number of worked examples which progress in level of difficulty as the Mechanics of Materials, Volume 2 - The principles are enlarged upon. In addition, each chapter concludes with Mechanics of Elastic and Plastic an extensive selection of problems for solution by the student, mostly Deformation of Solids and Structural examination questions from professional and academic bodies, which Materials (3rd Edition) Hearn, E.J. are graded according to difficulty and furnished with answers at the end. Over 2,500 mechanisms and mechanical devices at your fingertips! A one-of-a-kind pictorial directory, this book gives you drawings and descriptions of time-tested components, mechanisms, and devices. A carefully compiled index lets you quickly find a specific component which may very well be the exact problem-solving answer you've been seeking. You can count on this guide to help you: Design basic mechanisms from scratch with a chapter of tutorial text and formulas; Save time researching patents; Get a refresher on the design and function of bearings, belts, brakes, clutches, couplings, cranks, feeders, Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sclater, N., gears, genevas, joints, latches, linkages, pumps, screws, springs, and Sourcebook (3rd Edition) Chironis, N.P. switches. The use of plastics is widespread. Less widespread, however, is a clear understanding and examination of the many forms of degradation inherent within the very environments these materials must perform. Medical Plastics-Degradation Resistance & Failure Analysis fills that void. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and Medical Plastics - Degradation Resistance problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some & Failure Analysis Portnoy, R.C. common products used in medicine are also provided. Discusses recent developments and future directions in the field of membrane separation systems. Describes research needed to bring energy-saving membrane separation processes to technical and commercial readiness for commercial acceptance within the next 5 to 20 Membrane Separation Systems - Recent years. Pays particular attention to identifying currently emerging Developments and Future Directions Baker, R.W.; et al. innovative processes. Plant secondary metabolism is an economically important source of fine chemicals, such as drugs, insecticides, dyes, flavours, and fragrances. Moreover, important traits of plants such as taste, flavour, smell, colour, or resistance against pests and diseases are also related to secondary metabolites. The genetic modification of plants is feasible nowadays. What does the possibility of engineering plant secondary metabolite pathways mean? In this book, firstly a general introduction is given on plant secondary metabolism, followed by an overview of the possible approaches that could be used to alter secondary metabolite pathways. In a series of chapters from various authorities in the field, an overview Metabolic Engineering of Plant Secondary Verpoorte, R.; is given of the state of the art for important groups of secondary Metabolism Alfermann, A.W. metabolites. Metal machining is the most widespread metal-shaping process in the mechanical manufacturing industry. Worldwide investment in metal machining tools increases year by year, and the wealth of nations can be judged by it. This text is the most up-to-date in the field, and provides in-depth discussion of the theory and application of metal machining at an advanced level. It begins with an overview of the development of metal machining and its role in the current industrial environment and Childs, T.H.C.; continues with a discussion of the theory and practice of machining. The Maekawa, K.; underlying mechanics are analyzed in detail and there are extensive Metal Machining - Theory and Obikawa, chapters examining applications through a discussion of simulation and Applications T.; Yamane, Y. process control. The 2003 Metallic Material Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS) Handbook is the replacement document for MILHDBK- 5. It is recognized internationally as a reliable source of aircraft materials data for aerospace materials selection and analysis. Consistent and reliable methods are used to collect, analyze, and present statistically based material and fastener allowable properties. Contains extensive information and data for other material properties and characteristics, such as fracture toughness, fatigue, creep strength, rupture strength, Metallic Materials Properties Development fatigue-crack propagation rate, and resistance to stress corrosion and Standardization (MMPDS) n/a cracking. This is the ideal basic guide for anyone who is about to start working with metallic pigments. It also contains a wealth of information for those who already use these pigments. It is hoped that this book will help existing users to achieve the best possible effects with metallic pigments and encourage those who have not yet used them to explore their Metallic Pigments in Polymers Wheeler, I. potential to add value to their products. Second in the Metallocene series from PDL, this book focuses on the commercial use and process improvements of resins produced with metallocene, single site, and other modern catalytic methods. Research to broaden the scope of applications and shorten production cycles is presented. New and improved polymer blends resulting from the use of new catalysts and improved polymer compatability are explored as well as new applications becoming possible due to improved and balanced properties.Current trends and the latest research from the international scientific and industrial community are presented in this volume. Chapters cover use in extrusion, film manufacture, injection molding, foam production, fiber spinning, composites and new applications. Metallocene Technology in Commercial Benedikt, G.M., Precise testing methods, material characterization, polymer morphology Applications Dr. and crstallization are the focus of another section of the book. It has been estimated that within just ten years, over half of all polyolefins will be made by using metallocene catalysts. This ground- breaking volume from PDL brings together- for the first time- work from dozens of world-renowned experts on the subject. Fifty chapters of peer- Metallocene-Catalyzed Polymers - reviewed content offer insights into applications in automotive Materials, Properties, Processing and Benedikt, G.M.; components, food packaging, insulating films, non-woven fabrics and Markets Goodall, B.L. medical markets, among others. This book provides in a single volume a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of the crucial topics involved in the metrology and properties of engineering surfaces. The subject matter is a central issue in manufacturing technology, since the quality and reliability of Mainsah, E.; manufactured components depend greatly upon the selection and Metrology and Properties of Engineering Greenwood, J.A.; qualities of the appropriate materials as ascertained through Surfaces Chetwynd, D.G. measurement. Microbiological risk assessment (MRA) is one of the most important recent developments in food safety management. It provides a structured way of identifying and assessing microbiological risks in food, Microbiological Risk Assessment in Food Brown, M.; and provides a detailed coverage of the key steps in MRA and how it Processing Stringer, M. can be used to improve food safety. Microbiologists and food industry experts provide comprehensive coverage of food preservation techniques and microbial ecology of different types of food and foodborne pathogens and quality assurance. Topics in the first section include irradiation, chill storage, drying and reduction of water activity, control of pH and use of organic acids, modified atmospheres, new and emerging physical methods of preservation, and use of combined preservative factors in foods of developing countries. Section two covers the microbial ecology of foods such as fresh red meats, fresh and further-processed poultry, milk and unfermented milk products, fresh and processed fruits, yellow fat products, fruit juices and soft drinks, bottled water, and spices and herbs. The third section discusses taxonomy, characteristics, epidemiology, incidence, growth factors, principles of detection and Lund, Barbara, M.; isolation, and control of specific pathogens, including less recognized Baird-Parker, Tony and suspected bacterial pathogens. The final section discusses good Microbiological Safety and Quality of C.; Gould, manufacturing practice, hygienic design of factories and equipment, and Food, Volumes 1-2 Grahame W. detection of microorganisms in foods. This book provides an up-to-date review of the subject, with coverage including the physiology of bacteria, yeasts and molds associated with meat and poultry products; the microbiology of industrial slaughtering, processing, packaging and storage technologies; food safety and quality control. It will be an invaluable reference source for microbiologists and technologists in the meat industry, research workers in private and Davies, Andrew; government laboratories, and for food scientists in academic research Microbiology of Meat and Poultry Board, Ron institutions. This new edition provides a comprehensive reference on food microstructure, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature, rooted in the scientific principles of food materials science and physical chemistry. Details the techniques available to study food microstructure; examines Aguilera, Jose the microstructure of basic food components and its relation to quality; Microstructural Principles of Food Miguel; Stanley, and explores how microstructure is affected by specific unit operations in Processing and Engineering (2nd Edition) David W. food process engineering. This book is comprised of three parts. Part 1 gives a historical description of the development of ironworking techniques since the earliest times. Part 2 is the core of the book and deals with the metallurgical basis of microstructures, with four main themes: phase diagrams, solidification processes, diffusion, and solid state phase transformations. Part 3 begins by an introduction to steel design principles. It then goes on to consider the different categories of steels, placing emphasis on their specific microstructural features. It is intended for scientists, metallurgical engineers and senior technicians in research and development laboratories, design offices and quality Durand-Charre, departments, as well as for teachers and students in universities, Microstructure of Steels and Cast Irons Madeleine technical colleges and other higher education establishments. Presents the technology of measurement or direction of arrival of RF signals from their source. Unifies DF theory and details methods of calculating and predicting actual system performance. Covers DF techniques utilized at microwave frequencies (from 500 MHz to 100 GHz) for aircraft and ships, with particular emphasis on electronic warfare. Explains how signals are identified, the special receivers and antennas required, as well as some of the cloaking techniques used to deal with hostile signals. Introduces new systems concepts such as digital processing, super commutation, and wide bandwidth noise detection methods. Provides working charts, diagrams and equations to Microwave Passive Direction Finding Lipsky, Stephen E. facilitate configuration of systems. This 1995 handbook is provided as guidance for DOD personnel wishing to apply architectural paints or protective coatings to military structures fixed in place. It is written for general use and is applicable to readers at Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-1110: various knowledge levels. It contains information on the composition of Handbook for Paints and Protective coatings, their mechanisms of curing, selection for different substrates Coatings for Facilities n/a and structures, application, inspection, and failure analysis. Volume 1 of this 2002 revised military handbook provides guidelines and material properties for polymer (organic) matrix composites materials. This handbook encompasses, but is not limited to, polymeric composites intended for aircraft and aerospace vehicles and military combat vehicle Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-17-1F: applications. The information is obtained from materials producers, Composite Materials Handbook, Volume 1 industry, reports on Government-sponsored research, the open - Polymer Matrix Composites Guidelines literature, and by contact with research laboratories and those who for Characterization of Structural Materials n/a participate in the coordination activity. Volume 2 of this 2002 revised military handbook provides guidance on the selection and use of composite materials. Its presentation of the Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-17-2F: data collected will allow for initial assessments of material adequacy for Composite Materials Handbook, Volume 2 a particular application. The handbook also provides a common - Polymer Matrix Composites Materials database to reduce the amount of validation data necessary to use the Properties n/a data for design purposes. Volume 3 of this 2002 revised military handbook represents a compilation of composites design, manufacture, and analysis experience of engineers and scientists from industry, government, and Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-17-3F: academia. It discusses utilization of the material data provided in volume Composite Materials Handbook, Volume 3 2, while being consistent with the guidance provided in volume 1. The - Polymer Matrix Composites Materials information serves as background and as a basis for consistent use of Usage, Design, and Analysis terminology, notation, and methodology, and is not offered for regulatory n/a purposes. Volume 4 of this 2002 revised military handbook documents engineering methodologies for the development of standardized, statistically-based material property data for continuous and discontinuous metal matrix composite (MMC) materials. Essential to efficient engineering development process, this data will be beneficial to material suppliers, engineering users, and system end-users alike. And, since the inherent properties of materials are independent of specific applications, data development methodologies and material property data are applicable to Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-17-4A: a wide variety of industries, and form much of the technical basis for Composite Materials Handbook, Volume 4 establishment of statistically based design values acceptable to - Metal Matrix Composites n/a procuring or certifying agencies. This 1998 handbook contains design information on the strength properties of metallic materials and elements for aerospace vehicle structures and provides standardized design values and related design information for metallic materials and structural elements used in aerospace structures. These metallic materials include all systems potentially useful in aerospace and aircraft applications, including those involving reinforcing components. This handbook also contains information and data for other properties and characteristics, such as Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-5H: fracture toughness strength, fatigue strength, creep strength, rupture Metallic Materials and Elements for strength, fatigue-crack propagation rate, and resistance to stress Aerospace Vehicle Structures n/a corrosion cracking. This 2003 publication is the highly interactive Knovel version of the Department of Defense's Military Handbook MIL-HDBK-5H. It contains standardized design values and related design information for metallic materials and structural elements used in aerospace vehicle structures. It provides mechanical and physical property data, including fatigue- crack propagation rate; fracture toughness; fatigue, creep, and rupture strength for steel, aluminum, magnesium, titanium, and other alloys; and a whole chapter on joint allowables. In Knovel's version, each of the Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-5H: design and mechanical property data tables is interactive. In addition, Metallic Materials and Elements for Knovel has digitally calibrated hundreds of graphs, such as the effect of Aerospace Vehicle Structures (Knovel temperature on various physical properties and stress-strain curves. Interactive Edition) n/a These graphs are featured in our interactive Graph Digitizers. The properties of all basic plastics can be enhanced by the addition of fibers, whiskers and particulate. Plastics so modified are referred to as organic or plastic matrix composites. The plastic matrix composites discussed in this 1991 handbook are restricted to those employing Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-754(AR): continuous fiber reinforcements. The fibers are fiberglass, carbon- Plastic Matrix Composites with graphite, aramid organic, and boron. Advantages in applications are Continuous Fiber Reinforcement n/a discussed, and "pros and cons" are considered. This 1989 handbook should serve as a guide to designers concerned with the technology associated with the nondestructive testing of advanced composites. It deals with the basic concepts of nondestructive testing and the specific tests that can be used at various stages during Military Handbook - MIL-HDBK-793(AR): production and in-service inspections. The data can be used by Nondestructive Active Testing Techniques designers to aid in selecting the nondestructive test equipment best for Structural Composites n/a suited for a particular application. The emergence of 'minimal' processing techniques which have a limited impact on a food's nutritional and sensory properties has been a major new development in the food industry. This book provides an Minimal Processing Technologies in the Ohlsson, T.; authoritative review of the range of minimal techniques currently Food Industry Bengtsson, N. available, their applications and safety and quality issues. Ranging from gold mining in the Brazilian Amazon, to coal mining, this 1st volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology discusses the environmental impacts of various mining activities including the effects of gaseous emissions, revegetation of metal- contaminated soils and pollution in water. Policy issues and environmental best-practice in metals production are also discussed, Hester, R.E.; illustrated by case studies emphasising economic and political Mining and Its Environmental Impact Harrison, R.M. considerations. Hegberg, B.A.; Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, Brenniman, G.R.; it characterizes mixed plastics wastes, and describes collection Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology Hallenbeck, W.H. methods, costs and markets for reprocessed plastics products. This handbook packs a wealth of up-to-date knowledge about plastics processes, forms and formulations, design, equipment, testing and recycling. This A-to-Z guide keeps you on top of: Properties and performance of thermoplastics, polymer blends, thermosets, reinforced plastics and composites, natural and synthetic elastomers; Processes Modern Plastics; from extrusion, injection and blow molding to thermoforming, foam Modern Plastics Handbook Harper, Charles A. processing, hand lay-up and filament winding, and many, many more. This new sixth edition brings benefits to professors and students alike who will find new chapters on food preservation by modified atmosphere, high pressure and pulsed electric field processing, and foodborne pathogens; additional sections covering new food regulations, fresh-cut produce, new food products, and risk assessment and analysis; and thorough updating of taxonomies, text, illustrations, and references throughout. Coverage includes: historical background; overview of microorganisms in food and what allows them to grow; specific microorganisms in fresh, fermented, and processed meats, poultry, seafood, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, and other products; scientific methods for finding and measuring microorganisms and their products in foods; scientific methods for preserving foods; food safety and quality controls; foodborne diseases; and in-depth references following each chapter, appendixes, and index. A helpful Instructor's Modern Food Microbiology (6th Edition) Jay, James M. manual is available to adopting professors. The book includes chapters on materials for sports equipment (golf, tennis, bicycles, skiing, etc.) and biomaterials (replacement joints, heart valves, tissue repair, etc.) - two of the most exciting and rewarding areas in current materials research and development. Special consideration is given to the crucial processing stage that enables materials to be produced as marketable commodities. While attempting to produce a useful and relatively concise survey of key materials and their Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials interrelationships, the authors have tried to make the subject accessible Engineering - Science, Process, to a wide range of readers, to provide insights into specialised methods Applications (6th Edition) Smallman, R.E.; of examination and to convey the excitement of the atmosphere in which Bishop, R.J. new materials are conceived and developed. This handbook packs a wealth of up-to-date knowledge about plastics processes, forms and formulations, design, equipment, testing and recycling. This A-to-Z guide keeps you on top of: Properties and performance of thermoplastics, polymer blends, thermosets, reinforced plastics and composites, natural and synthetic elastomers; Processes Modern Plastics; from extrusion, injection and blow molding to thermoforming, foam Modern Plastics Handbook Harper, Charles A. processing, hand lay-up and filament winding, and many, many more. In this volume, the Editor and Contributors describe the use of molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) for a range of key materials systems which are of interest for both technological and fundamental reasons. Prior books on MBE have provided an introduction to the basic concepts and techniques of MBE and emphasize growth and characterization of GaAs- based structures. The aim in this book is somewhat different; it is to demonstrate the versatility of the technique by showing how it can be utilized to prepare and explore a range of distinct and diverse materials. Molecular Beam Epitaxy - Applications to For each of these materials systems MBE has played a key role both in Key Materials Farrow, R.F.C. their development and application to devices. This book covers highly important topics in the challenging process from lead finding to drug candidates. Focus is upon the potential usefulness of methods for design of lead discovery libraries, lead optimization, computational chemistry methods for the calculation of energetics of protein-ligand interaction, and computer simulations of biological activities. Important topics include new developments in chemometrics Gundertofte, and rational molecular design as well as different aspects of structure Molecular Modeling and Prediction of Klaus; Jorgensen, representation, knowledge-based approaches to structure identification, Bioactivity Flemming Steen and information handling. This book illustrates and explains virtually all common failure modes which adversely affect boiler reliability. Each failure mode is well illustrated with case histories. The corrective steps necessary to reduce or eliminate each failure type, as well as precautionary notes, are provided; and boilers of numerous pressures and many construction designs are presented. As a result, this text provides a comprehensive, Port, R.D., Herro, authoritative field guide for the identification and elimination of boiler NALCO Guide to Boiler Failure Analysis H.M. failures. This is a concise, authoritative guide to the identification and elimination of corrosion in cooling water systems and related equipment. It presents a wide variety of environments and equipment, including open and closed systems, recirculating and once-through arrangements, conventional shell-and-tube exchangers and plate heat exchangers, special purpose cooling arrangements, and service water systems. Coverage features concentration cell corrosion, biologically influenced corrosion, chemical attack, cracking, dealloying, mechanically induced NALCO Guide to Cooling Water System Herro, H.M.; Port, attack, manufacturing defects, graphitic corrosion, exfoliation, and Failure Analysis R.D. galvanic cells. This handbook is an ideal source of information for specialists and nonspecialists alike. It provides completely practical data and techniques in the four major water conservation and use areas: (1) water chemistry, sources, and contaminants; (2) unit operations and treatment; (3) industrial and municipal use of water and its disposal; and (4) special NALCO Water Handbook (2nd Edition) Kemmer, F.N. technology in water treatment. Introduces practitioners, researchers, and students of non-destructive testing to multisensor integration and data fusion, a recently developed technology for signal processing that facilitates the understanding and interpretation of data. Considers composite inspection, scientific visualization, and performance analysis in a progressively detailed treatment that draws on many case studies. The techniques for NDT Data Fusion inspecting welds and composites could be particularly useful in the oil, Gros, Xavier E. nuclear, and aerospace industries. Nanostructure science and technology has become an identifiable, very broad and multidisciplinary field of research with emerging applications in recent years. It is one of the most visible and growing research areas in materials science in its broadest sense. Nanostructured materials Nanostructured Materials - Processing, include atomic clusters, layered (lamellar) films, filamentary structures, Properties and Potential Applications Koch, C.C. and bulk nanostructured materials. This book details the results of a comprehensive natural ageing and physical testing program on 19 rubber compounds stored in controlled conditions for a period of 40 years. This is believed to be the most extensive such study ever carried out. Now, for the first time, all the results of this unique program have been published. The results of all these tests are presented graphically, allowing the rate of property deterioration and the influence of the environment to be clearly seen. Natural Ageing of Rubber - Changes in Brown, R.P.; Properties after 40 years are also tabulated, together with calculations of Physical Properties Over 40 Years Butler, T. percentage change. This general text gives an overview of the development, production, properties and applications of modern polymeric fibres. This second edition brings the coverage up to date and includes a chapter on fibers for the next millennium. Natural fibers can be improved, and specific functional properties introduced into them. Artificial wool, silk and fur for Honngu, Tatsuya; example, can be produced by mimicking the natural characteristics but New Fibers (2nd Edition) Phillips, Glyn O. with improved physical properties. This authoritative text provides the food industry professional with a guide to the range of intermediate food products, their functionality, methods of manufacture and applications. The first part of the book looks at the development of IFP's, common functional properties and methods of extraction and purification. It then covers IFPs derived from Linden, G.; plants, milk, eggs, meat and fish. IFPs from by-products such as whey New Ingredients in Food Processing Lorient, D. and blood are also discussed. '...a well-produced and detailed survey, particularly in the chapters on food and health.' Hydrobiologica Contents include: Analytical methods; Nitrate occurrence in water; Nitrate and nitrite in foods; Nitrate and nitrite as food additives; Human exposure, Pharmacology and metabolism; Nitrates and Nitrites in Food and Water Hill, M.J. Nitrates, nitrites and human disease. Damage from noise exposure of sufficient intensity and duration is well established and hearing loss may be temporary or permanent. Fortunately, noise exposure can be controlled and technology exists to reduce the hazards. Aside from employer/employee concern with the inherent hazards of noise, added attention has been brought to focus on the subject through regulatory requirements. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) every employer is legally responsible for providing a workplace free of hazards such as excessive noise. It has been estimated that 14 million U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous noise.This book is presented as an overview summary for employers, workers, and supervisors interested in workplace noise and its control. We believe that in order to understand and control noise it is not necessary to be highly technical. Noise problems can quite often be solved by the people who are directly affected. Presented are an Noise Control in Industry - A Practical Cheremisinoff, overview of noise; the regulations concerning its control; an explanation Guide N.P. of specific principles and a discussion of some particular techniques. Packaging continues to be one of the most innovative areas in food processing. With its distinguished international team of contributors, this book summarises the key developments in the field. The first part of the book discusses general issues such as packaging design, consumer attitudes to novel packaging and the legislative context. Part 2 looks at new techniques such as the use of oxygen and other scavengers, freshness indicators and antimicrobial packaging. The final part of the book discusses packaging materials and considers how packaging can be used with other preservation techniques to improve the quality of Novel Food Packaging Techniques Ahvenainen, Raija particular foods. Over the past decade there has been an explosion of research on the relationship between nutrition and health. Given the current interest of consumers in more nutritious food, food processors are increasingly concerned with understanding the nature of nutrient loss during food processing. This new book brings together an international team of experts to summarise key findings on diet and nutrient intake, the impact Henry, C.J.K.; of nutrients on health, and how food processing operations affect the Nutrition Handbook for Food Processors Chapman, C. nutritional quality of foods. Managing safety in the workplace requires mastering a wide range of safety and health subjects. This valuable reference, widely accepted as Occupational Health and Hygiene - Safety Ridley, J.; an authoritative guide, provides the thorough coverage necessary to at Work Series, Volume 3 Channing, J. effectively manage these safety and health issues. Concise, comprehensive, and compact, this guide covers the entire range of fuel performance problems encountered during testing, storage, transportation delivery, and combustion. Using a hands-on, practical approach and actual field examples to demonstrate concepts, this book takes you step-by-step through effective troubleshooting tactics, test methods and test results, the most common sources of fuel problems, and safety and hazard management. A unique roundup Ondeo/Nalco Fuel Field Manual (Revised chapter draws together hard-to-find information on chemical storage Edition) Peyton, K.B. tanks, fuel filters, flowmeters, metals, plastics, and more. Fibre optical sensors and optical microsystems have assumed a significant role in sensing and measurement of many kinds. These optical techniques are utilized in a wide range of fields, including biomedicine, environmental sensing, mechanical and industrial Martellucci, measurement, and art preservation. This volume is a survey of optical Sergio; Chester, sensors and optical microsystems. It aims at combining a tutorial Optical Sensors and Microsystems - New Arthur N.; Mignani, foundation with analysis of research in this area, and an extensive Concepts, Materials, Technologies Anna Grazia coverage of both technology and applications. Get “last-word” guidelines for selecting and optimizing wireless/RF ICs. Instead of complex math and abstract theory this hands- on tool helps you configure robust circuits, handle components (capacitors, transistors, resistors, ICs most likely to cause circuit difficulties, boost frequency synthesizers, high-speed frequency dividers, direct frequency synthesizers, universal radio ICs, and log/linear amplifier ICs.) No other work puts you in control of ICs and discrete- component circuits you’ll find here. Until recently, many didn’t even exist in IC form. Plus you get several discrete- Optimizing Wireless/RF Circuits Lenk, J.D. component examples to fast-track your next project. This updated database comprises the seminal paint & ink formulations compiled by Ernest Flick and published during the last decade. The more than 2500 trade and industrial paint and ink formulations is the first comprehensive database of its kind and will be an invaluable tool for all companies and personnel involved in paint and ink manufacture and use. Each formulation includes the raw materials used and their quantities, key paint or ink properties, film properties, trade names of components, and formula source. In many cases suggested formula modifications Paint & Ink Formulations Database Flick, Ernest W. are given as well. Comprehensive and authoritative, this up-to-date exploration of the science and technology of paints and surface coatings covers the theory often missing in other texts and introduces state-of-the-art developments and cutting-edge proposals. Offers an easy-to-read account of the principles involved in the optical properties of paints, covering both the physical and aesthetic aspects of opacity and color, and discussing in detail the physics of paint and the physical chemistry of dispersions. Reviews the polymer chemistry of all common paint binders and the technology of pigment use. An extensive section on automotive paints and automotive refinish paints addressing the demands and performance required in these markets. Valuable chapters on the use of Paint and Surface Coatings - Theory and Lambourne, R.; computers in the paint industry and health and safety explore their Practice (2nd Edition) Strivens, T.A. recent influences on coating developments. This book presents a unified approach to the measurement, modeling and simulation of these processes, bringing together the disciplines of colliod and surface chemistry, hydrodynamics, and experimental and computational methods. It will be required reading for graduates working Elimelech, M.; in process and environmental engineering, postgraduates involved in Particle Deposition and Aggregation - Gregory, J.; Jia, industrial R & D and for all scientists wishing to gain a more detailed and Measurement, Modelling and Simulation X.; Williams. R.A. realistic understanding of process conditions in these areas. These new volumes present for the first time a separation of industrial hygiene and toxicology topics, offering complete reorganization of the material into four volumes of clearly defined topic areas. These traditional areas are covered in this new edition: Sampling and analysis, exposure measurement and interpretation, absorption and elimination of toxic materials, occupational dermatoses, instrument calibration, odors, industrial noise, ionizing and nonionizing radiation heat stress, pressure, lighting, control of exposures, safety and health law, health surveillance, occupation health nursing, ergonomics and safety, agricultural hygiene, Patty's Industrial Hygiene (5th Edition) hazardous wastes, occupational epidemiology, and other vital areas of Volumes 1-4 Harris, Robert L. practice. Completely reorganized, this new edition encompasses 8 volumes. For the vast majority of chapters that focus on individual compounds or classes of compounds, a standardized format will be adopted to provide core identifying information for each compound, such as CAS Registry Bingham, Eula; numbers, RTECS number, physical and chemical properties, threshold Cohrssen, limit values, permissible exposure limits, maximum workplace Patty's Toxicology (5th Edition) Volumes 1- Barbara.; Powell, concentrations, and biological tolerance values for occupational 8 Charles H. exposures. This is the only data handbook on the barrier and film properties of polymeric materials in thin sections. Data on permeation of liquids, gases, moisture, aroma, and flavor—all important considerations in a wide range of applications—is extensive. Extensive data ranges from a general overview of the barrier properties of plastics and elastomers to detailed discussions and test results. Properties are presented relative to different test conditions, exposure environments, Permeability Properties of Plastics and and test specimen details such as thickness or temperature. As an Elastomers - A Guide to Packaging and added feature, permeability data has been normalized to allow for easy Barrier Materials (2nd Edition) Massey, L.K. comparison between material and test conditions. This handbook is a unique database reference on the barrier and film properties of 145 plastics and elastomers to detailed discussions and test results. Data presented details the differences in permeation between generic families of plastic and rubber materials. Also covered are differences within the same generic family due to environmental factors such as temperature and humidity or material characteristics such as sample preparation and material composition. This data serves as an indication of how one material is likely to behave relative to another material or relative to the same material exposed under different conditions. This includes details of test methods, test conditions, Permeability and Other Film Properties of penetrant, sample size, material composition and other factors, which Plastics and Elastomers n/a may affect the resulting value. With over a million copies in print, this is considered the chemical and process engineers' favorite reference. This fully updated Seventh Edition contains new information on condensers, reboilers, evaporators and vessels; multicomponent and enhanced distillation including azeotropic, extractive, and reactive methods; gas absorption processes with data on plate performance, plate design, and packed towers; supercritical fluid and membrane separation processes; biochemical separation processes; materials of construction; and materials for Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook Perry, R.H.; process applications. It's the standard in the field-with all the facts, (7th Edition) Green, D.W. figures, methods, and data engineers rely on and need. This book describes the issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water and, in particular, the issues associated with human exposure and consumer risk assessment. In broad terms, consumer risk assessment encompasses three areas of scientific disciplines, human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption, all of which are explored in detail within this book. Topics covered include the effects of pesticides on the environment, metabolism, food processing, toxicology, dietary consumption, chronic and acute dietary Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Hamilton, Denis; intakes, natural compounds, international standards and explaining the Water - Human Exposure and Risks Crossley, Stephen risks. This book establishes a system of data classification for all of the applications of stress and strain analysis and expedites their synthesis into CAD applications. Substantially revised and completely updated, this book presents stress concentration factors both graphically and with formulas. It also employs computer-generated art in its portrayal of the various relationships between the stress factors affecting machines or structures. These new charts provide a visual representation of the machine or structure under consideration as well as graphs of the various stress concentration factors at work. 224 stress concentration and other important graphs in this title have been made interactive using Peterson's Stress Concentration Factors Graph Digitizer. Graph Digitizer allows you to plot points on otherwise (2nd Edition) Pilkey, Walter D. static image of the graph. This handbook gives you a sound working knowledge of each product's properties, characteristics, and performance, enabling you to more easily select the right product for any specific requirement, and use it efficiently and economically. Thirty-two top specialists bring you this time and cost-saving help. They fully cover gasoline, diesel fuel oils, lubricating oils and greases, aircraft gas turbine fuels, distillate heating Petroleum Products Handbook Guthrie, Virgil B. oils, liquefied petroleum gas, and many other petroleum products. This second edition of the best seller, more than double the size of the previous edition, describes manufacturing processes for approximately 1300 pharmaceuticals currently marketed as trade-name products around the world. Pertinent process information has been obtained from the patent literature, and references for other synthetic methods and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing pharmacology are cited. A 2000-entry Raw Materials Index will quickly Encyclopedia, Volumes 1-2 (2nd tell you in which drugs the raw materials are utilized. A 12,000-entry Edition) Sittig, M. Trade Name Index completes the book. Most of the significant developments of medicines have occurred in the last 70 years and by a process of trial and error many plants and other substances have been used by man to produce certain pharmalogical effects. This book is a general introduction aimed at all those involved in the engineering stages required for the manufacture of the active ingredient (drugs - primary manufacture) and its dosage forms (secondary manufacture). Chapters in the book also focus on the design of Quality Control Laboratories, process development facilities and pilot plants as these all play a role in ensuring medicines are of an Pharmaceutical Production - An Bennett, Bill; Cole, appropriate quality and have their own special problems for Engineering Guide Graham pharmaceutical products. The demand for liquid crystals with better display parameters and lower power consumption has stimulated much research into their properties and characterization. A large team of over 50 leading researchers from the USA, Europe and Japan have focused their expertise to extract and review data on a wide range of properties of nematics, including those Dunmur, David; which are essential to the development of all types of liquid crystal Fukuda, Atsuo; device. Where appropriate these properties are also explained with Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals: Luckhurst, expert commentary. The book is fully illustrated and structured for Nematics Geoffrey reference. This book examines the physical testing of textiles in the form of fibre, yarn and fabric. In order to specify a property in a material it is necessary to specify the method of test; so in this book the emphasis throughout is on standard and reproducible tests. After an introductory explanation of sampling and measurement, the author explores the effects of moisture on textiles, then goes on to discuss fibre dimension, yarn tests for linear density, twist, evenness and hairiness, tensile strength and dimensional stability and serviceability. Also covered are aspects of comfort and fabric handle, colour fastness and quality assurance. The book's comprehensive coverage of the physical properties of textiles makes it an essential reference for managers in the textiles industry concerned with quality assurance, garment and fabric Physical Testing of Textiles Saville, B.P. technologists. This second edition has become one of the leading references for the practice of occupational and environmental health. During the seven years since the landmark first edition appeared, there have been major revisions of government standards and guidelines for physical agents Physical and Biological Hazards of the Wald, Peter H.; such as ergonomics, shift work, and electric power, and for biological Workplace (2nd Edition) Stave, Gregg M. agents such as tuberculosis and blood-borne pathogens. This handbook now in its seventh edition, covers the entire field of piping-related subjects. It's the most useful, complete, well-organized, and internationally applicable professional reference in the field. Featuring 90% completely new or meticulously revised text, 15 added sections, and the inclusion of SI units, this guide thoroughly reflects the Nayyar, Mohinder latest changes in piping design, practice, materials, and industry Piping Handbook (7th Edition) L. standards. This book covers all the topics necessary to design and develop an engineering plant. It will help engineers in industry deal with practical problems in a variety of situations. A plant engineer is responsible for a wide range of industrial activities, and may work in any industry. This Plant Engineer's Reference Book (2nd book is a reference work designed to provide a primary source of Edition) Snow, Dennis A. information for the plant engineer. A non-theoretical work, easy to use, suited to all managers' needs. This book is a practical blueprint for implementing the 12 elements of Plant Guidelines for Technical chemical process safety management system at the plant level. Each Management of Chemical Process Safety chapter offers a concrete discussion of one of the twelve points and (Revised Edition) n/a provides details of successful plant programs to illustrate. This database provides product application data for all major generic families of plastics along with processing characteristics and features. It is a unique compilation of data from plastics manufacturers and processors. Applications, processing characteristics, suppliers, generic families, trade names, and part and assembly images are available for most applications. It gives documented practical usage for commercial plastics, showing how the performance and processing flexibility allows plastics to be used in numerous applications ranging from inexpensive Plastic Applications Database n/a disposable items to expensive components. U.S. Plastic wastes in the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream and in the Environmental industrial sector are discussed in this book. Quantities of plastic wastes Protection Agency; generated, characterization of the wastes, their environmental impact, Plastic Wastes - Management, Control, Curlee,T.R.; Das, and management of the waste stream are described. Also covered are Recycling and Disposal S. costs of recycling processes, technology, and energy considerations. The plasticizer database was developed to contain data required in plasticizers application. Attempts were made to include large number of plasticizers used in various sectors of industry to provide information for all users and to help in finding new solutions and formulations. Plasticizers included in the database can be divided into two categories: generic (chemical name) compounds and commercial plasticizers, which are either mixtures of several components, industrial grades of particular compound, polymeric materials, or products having unknown, complex composition. The database contains solvents representing all chemical groups of materials, which are considered as plasticizers. In most cases, plasticizers differ from solvents by boiling point, which is above 250°C, but some plasticizers are used as temporary plasticizers or are expected to react with other components of mixture. These substances will not meet the boiling temperature standard but still are included since they play role of plasticizers. The large number of the plasticizers and the Plasticizers Database (2nd Electronic data fields makes this database the most comprehensive database on Edition) Wypych, Anna plasticizers ever available in any source. This book is intended for students of Engineering or Materials Science degree courses, and for scientists and engineers who require an introduction to the properties and applications of plastics. There is as Plastics - Microstructure and Engineering much emphasis on the mechanical design of plastics products as there Applications (2nd Edition) Mills, N.J. is on explaining physical properties in terms of the microstructure. The growth in the worldwide plastics industry in recent years owes at least as much to developments in additive technology as it does to improvements in polymer science. Probably the improvements in polymer science have been more widely disseminated and better explained. There are now far more categories of additives than there were 25 years ago. Changes in technology are driven partly by the desire to produce plastics which are ever more closely specified for particular purposes, and partly by environmental pressures and legislative changes. This book does not deal specifically with environmental issues as a subject (nor with health and safety topics) but it includes within its authorship representatives of both the manufacturing industry sector and the academic world, thus providing a Plastics Additives - An A-Z Reference Pritchard, G. range of views on controversial issues. This second edition describes almost 4,000 plastics additives which are currently available to industry. It is the result of information received from 164 industrial companies and other organizations. The data represent selections from manufacturer's decriptions made at no cost to, Plastics Additives - An Industrial Guide nor influence from, the makers or distributors of these materials. Only (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. the most recent information has been included. This book, the first in a three volume set, contains 983 plastics additives formulations based on information received from industrial companies and other organizations.The additives included in all three volumes are Plastics Additives - An Industrial Guide currently available, trademarked raw materials. There is absolutely no (3rd Edition) Volume 1 Flick, E.W. repetition between volumes. This book, the second in a three volume set, contains over 1,300 plastics additives formulations based on information received from industrial companies and other organizations. The additives included in Plastics Additives - An Industrial Guide all three volumes are currently available, trademarked raw materials. (3rd Edition) Volume 2 Flick, E.W. There is absolutely no repetition between volumes. These books contain plastics additives formulations, based on information received from numerous industrial companies and other organizations. There are no duplications in any of the volumes in this series. Each formulation is identified by a description of its end use. The formulations include the following as available: a listing of each raw material; suggested formulation procedure; and the formula source. Also Plastics Additives - An Industrial Guide included are sections on Trade Name Raw Material and (3rd Edition) Volume 3 Flick, E.W. Supplier’s Addresses. Plastics additives are a complex and growing group of minerals and chemical derivatives, that account for 15 to 20% by weight of the total volume of plastic products marketed. They are produced by a large number of companies for a wide variety of customers and needs. This database is a unique compilation of 7,000 plastic additives with information from manufacturers and suppliers of these important products. Plastics Additives Database Flick, Ernest W. Additives are classified in 25 application and usage categories. This reference work provides a simplified and practical approach to designing with plastic materials. It enables the reader to recognize the fundamental considerations necessary when designing products with plastics pertaining to the different processes and different plastics. Intended for both technical and non-technical readers, it encompasses the relation of materials and processes to understanding the art of designing. After introducing the design basics, the book moves on to Rosato, Dominick discuss those factors which influence design. Design features and V.; Rosato, Donald concepts are then covered, as is how to interpret the plethora of data Plastics Design Handbook V.; Rosato, M.G. available. This textbook pioneered the approach whereby both properties and processing of reinforced and unreinforced plastics are covered in a single volume. It assumes no prior knowledge of plastics, and emphasizes practical aspects of the subject. In this third edition over half the book has been re-written and the remainder has been updated and re-organized. Early chapters give an introduction to types of plastics, which are currently available and describe how a designer goes about the selection of a plastic for a particular application. Later chapters lead the reader into more advanced aspects of mechanical design and analysis of polymer melt flow. All techniques developed are illustrated by numerous worked examples, and problems are given at the end of each Plastics Engineering (3rd Edition) Crawford, R.J. chapter - solutions to which form one of the appendices. This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis, broadly discussed, are critical for material improvement. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field, which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep- Plastics Failure - Analysis and Prevention Moalli, J. rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, This comprehensive volume illustrates how and why a variety of plastic products fail due to fracture, appearance change, loss of adhesion, and many other problems, and details how to prevent such failure. Topics include the nature, causes, and consequences of plastics failure; fundamental materials variables affecting processing and product performance or failure; failure related to design and material selection; examples of failure due to design and material selection; processing- related factors in failure; failure related to service conditions; failure analysis and test procedures; quality control; legal aspects of failure; Plastics Failure Guide - Cause and composites; pipes and fitting; medical applications; and electrical and Prevention Ezrin, Myer electronic applications. A classic reference that was first published in 1966 and most recently in 1993. It provides a comprehensive overview of the nature, manufacture, structure, properties, processing, and applications of commercially available plastics materials. This revised and updated edition adds new chapters on materials selection and special polymers, including biodegradable and electroconductive polymers and thermoplastic elastomers. In addition, many new plastics materials are added throughout and more information is included on testing methods and Plastics Materials (7th Edition) Brydson, J. data. This comprehensive workbook offers a thorough review of today's high performance plastics and manufacturing processes. Focusing on common processing problems and practical solutions this book surveys fundamental processing concepts for every major fabrication technique in use today and provides extensive data on controls, instrumentation, materials and molding technologies. This second edition is fully updated with the addition of new material, new tables and new figures. Other useful features include: numerous examples of various phases of Plastics Processing Data Handbook (2nd processing; a detailed review of each plastics process; the effect of Edition) Rosato, Dominick changing one variable while others are constant. The fourth edition of this manual provides access to concise, practical advice on the diagnosis and treatment of poisoning, drug overdose, and chemical and occupational toxic exposures. Contains new material on nutritional supplements, the latest information on chemical and Poisoning and Drug Overdose (4th biological weapons, and updated tables listing current toxicity and Edition) Olson, Kent R. workplace exposure guidelines for some 500 industrial chemicals. The focus of this two-volume set is upon thermoplastic blends made of predominantly saturated linear macromolecules. Subject matter falls within two divisions: fundamental principles (nine chapters) and technology (eight chapters and four appendices). Examples of chapter topics are thermodynamics of polymer blends, interpenetrating polymer networks, rheology of polymer alloys and blends, commercial polymer blends, and role of polymer blends' technology in polymer recycling. Each chapter provides an introduction and the principal aspects and typical approaches used by experts in the area, numerical values of Polymer Blends Handbook, Volumes 1-2 Utracki, L.A. pertinent parameters, and references to further study. This volume provides an overview of polymer characterization test methods. The methods and instrumentation described represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing. Engineers, polymer scientists and technicians will find this volume useful in selecting approaches and techniques applicable to Polymer Characterization - Laboratory Cheremisinoff, characterizing molecular, compositional, rheological, and Techniques and Analysis N.P. thermodynamic properties of elastomers and plastics. The Wiley Database of Polymer Properties is the single most comprehensive source of physical property data for polymers commercially available, with experimentally determined and selected data of about 350 properties for over 2,500 polymers.The initial content is derived from the Polymer Handbook, known as THE essential print Brandrup, J.; reference for every polymer scientist's laboratory (the "bible" of polymer Immergut, physical data).It contains a vast array of data for polymers, monomers Edmund H.; and other ancillary topics that are required for experimental and Grulke, Eric A.; theoretical research and applications of polymers. This is a must have Abe, Akihiro; database for all all technologists, scientists, researchers, and students Polymer Handbook (4th Edition) Block, Daniel R. concerned with theoretical or applied polymer science. Eighteen papers from an August 1996 conference in Orlando, Florida Swift, Graham; address the development of new modified polymeric materials for a Carraher Jr., variety of specialty applications that use the chemistry-on-polymers Charles E.; approach. Subject areas include grafting and chemical oxidation, Bowman, inorganic-containing and shaped polymers, various chemical Polymer Modification Christopher N. modifications, and reactions with vinyl polymers. The main topics of this book are fillers, their interface with polymers, composites, blends, and alloys. Treatment of the subject is fundamentally based on principles of surface phenomena, physico- chemical theory of filling, theory of adsorption, surface adhesion, etc. Each concept is illustrated by practical consequences for real materials which allows for easy transfer of experiences from one discipline to the other and makes book invaluable for material scientists, technologists, Polymer Reinforcement Lipatov, Y.S. and engineers also in scopes other than polymers. The manner in which polymers are linked, under certain conditions, forms the main focus of this work. Spectroscopy has, over the years, proved itself to be the technique in providing information at molecular levels for many polymer systems. With each technique described, the wider importance of the method and the contribution it has made to the development of polymer science is covered in detail. It will be an invaluable tool for postgraduate students of polymer and materials Polymer Spectroscopy Fawcett, Allan H. science and researchers using any spectroscopic technique Polymers from biobased materials are polymers derived from renewable resources by chemical or combined chemical and mechanical methods, or produced directly in biological processes. Combinations of renewable and conventional fossil-fuel-derived plastics are also biobased materials. This assessment reviews materials from renewable resources and their properties including major biopolymers produced by plants and Polymers from Biobased Materials Chum, H.L. selected animal sources. An authoritative up-to-date summary of the chemistry and applications of polyoxometalates with emphasis on new synthetic strategies directed towards functionalized organic derivatives, self-assembly of mesoscopic composite polyoxoanions, generation of framework materials and thin oxide films, extended optical, magnetic, and electrical properties, Polyoxometalate Chemistry From applications in homogeneous and nanocluster-based catalysts, Topology via Self Assembly to Pope, Michael T.; photocatalytic water decontamination, ribosomal crystallography, and Applications Muller, Achim topological aspects of large symmetrical structures. This multiauthor book reviews the present state of knowledge on the manufacturing, processing and applications of neat, modified, filled and reinforced polypropylenes. This book, of an encyclopaedic nature represents an updated and comprehensive report on the synthesis, processing, testing and applications of PP and related systems (modified, filled, reinforced). Each key aspect is the subject on an article which is presented in a way which will also be useful for non-specialists. The articles are grouped in alphabetical format allowing the reader to Polypropylene - An A-Z Reference Karger-Kocsis, J. find the information needed quickly. This multiauthor book reviews the present state of knowledge on the manufacturing, processing and applications of neat, modified, filled and reinforced polypropylenes. This book, of an encyclopaedic nature represents an updated and comprehensive report on the synthesis, processing, testing and applications of PP and related systems (modified, filled, reinforced). Each key aspect is the subject on an article which is presented in a way which will also be useful for non-specialists. The articles are grouped in alphabetical format allowing the reader to Polypropylene - An A-Z Reference Karger-Kocsis, J. find the information needed quickly. This definitive user's guide and databook presents a panoramic and up- to-the-minute reference for today's most important thermoplastic. The book examines every aspect - science, technology, engineering, properties, design, processing, and applications - of the continuing development and use of polypropylene. Specialists can not only find Polypropylene - The Definitive User's Maier, C.; Calafut, what they want, but for the first time can relate to and understand the Guide and Databook T. needs and requirements of others in the product development chain. This book has been in print since 1923 and is the classic reference work in the field of cosmetics. Now in its 10th edition, this new volume provides a firm basic knowledge of the science of cosmetics (including toiletries) as well as incorporating the latest trends in scientific applications and legislation which have occurred since the 9th edition. The many additions since the last edition demonstrate the recent dramatic expansion in the industry and how changes in legal regulations affecting the development, production and marketing of old, established, and new products are operative almost worldwide. Information on Poucher's Perfumes, Cosmetics and specialist products for babies and others is included within individual Soaps (10th Edition) Butler, Hilda chapters. Practical Compliance was written for smaller chemical processing operations to give them easy access to process safety and risk management programs tailored to meet their needs. With its "how to" checklists, Practical Compliance shows step by step how to use the simplest approaches possible for managers of facilities with small Practical Compliance with the EPA Risk chemical operations to implement a process safety program and meet Management Program Walter, Robert J. existing regulations. Practical Dehydration has long been known as a standard work in its field. This book provides an invaluable guide to the practicalities and logistics of a changing industry and particularly strong in its coverage of international practice. In addition to the original chapters on packaging, storing and quality control this new edition includes modern analysis of Practical Dehydration Greensmith, M. expanding sectors and new technologies. This book describes the different tests that must be performed on new chemicals and other materials to demonstrate to the regulatory authorities that they are safe for use. Tests vary from physico-chemical, measuring properties such as melting point and density, through genetic toxicity studies, to mammalian toxicology and studies to investigate effects on the environment. Animal testing is carried out to look for potential irritants, harmful substances, corrosive agents, allergens, cancer causing potential, etc. Each test type is described here and the Practical Guide to Chemical Safety validity of the test methods is debated. For example, there are Testing - Regulatory Consequences - sometimes major differences between simple model systems using cell Chemicals, Food Packaging and Medical Knight, Derek, J.; lines or bacteria, effects in laboratory animals and, most importantly, Devices Thomas, Mike B. with effects on humans. After price and delivery time, the most frequently asked question about a product is "How long will it last?" Lifetime expectancy is often many years, the service conditions may be complex, and there is a scarcity of definitive data on durability. The situation is complicated by the fact that there are a vast number of degradation agents, service conditions, properties of importance, and different plastics. The purpose of this publication is to provide practical guidance on assessing the useful Practical Guide to the Assessment of the service life of plastics. It describes test procedures and extrapolation Useful Life of Rubbers Brown, R.P. techniques together with the inherent limitations and problems. This book describes over 1500 currently available prepaint specialties and surface tolerant coatings supplied by 67 manufacturers or distributors of these products. The products described may, for example, prepare the surface for paint, thin the paint, allow painting over rusted areas, or provide quick and easy cleanup. They may be fillers, sealers, rust preventives, galvanizers, caulks, grouts, glazes, phosphatizers, corrosion inhibitors, neutralizers, graffiti removers, floor surfacers, etc. The book lists the following Product Information, as available, in the manufacturer’s own words: Company Name, Product Category, Prepaint Specialties and Surface Tolerant Trade Name and Product Number, Product Description. It also contains Coatings Flick, E.W. a Trade Name Index, and a list of Suppliers’ Addresses. Pressure Safety Design Practices for Refinery and Chemical Operations is an introductory reference guide for pressure relieving operations in petroleum refineries and chemical plants. Petroleum refineries and their related chemical manufacturing facilities often operate at high pressures and/or at conditions that can result in excessive pressure conditions. Start-up and emergency shut-down operations, transient upset conditions, or catastrophic equipment failures, as well as plant process fires and plant wide utility failures, all require fail safe systems that will Pressure Safety Design Practices for Cheremisinoff, alleviate high process operating conditions in a safe and expedient Refinery and Chemical Operations N.P. manner. Integrating statistics and dynamics within a single volume, this book will support the study of engineering mechanics throughout an undergraduate course. The theory of two- and three-dimensional dynamics of particles and rigid bodies, leading to Euler's equations, is developed. The vibration of one- and two-degree-of-freedom systems and an introduction to automatic control, now including frequency response methods, are covered. This edition has also been extended to develop continuum mechanics, drawing together solid and fluid Principles of Engineering Mechanics (2nd Harrison, H.R.; mechanics to illustrate the distinctions between Eulerian and Lagrangian Edition) Nettleton, T. coordinates. The new edition contains a complete overview of the chemical and physical properties of the major and minor food components and their changes during processing, handling and storage. Food chapters cover water, lipids, carbohydrates, protein, minerals, vitamins and enzymes. Also covered are color, flavor and texture, as well as additives and contaminants. A new chapter discusses the bases of regulatory control of food composition and quality. Full of illustrations and tables, each chapter also contains a bibliography, providing readers with quick Principles of Food Chemistry (3rd Edition) deMan, John M. access to the relevant literature. This book contains a collection of more than 200 formulations for printing inks, overprint varnishes, and related products. The data represent selections from manufacturers' descriptions made at no cost to, nor influence from the makers or distributors of these materials. Only the most recent formulas have been included. It is believed that all of the trademarked raw materials listed here are currently available, which will Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish be of utmost interest to readers concerned with raw materials Formulations (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. discontinuances. This book presents about 300 printing ink and overprint varnish formulations from manufacturers. Types of inks covered include flexors, gravures, heatsets, offsets, quicksets, sheetfeds, lithographics, screen- process, and letterpress inks. Overprint varnish formulations have such major properties as: high solids, high slip, thermosetting, heat resistance, oil resistance, high gloss, scuff resistance. Each formulation may include, in the manufacturer’s own words, as available: 1) each raw material contained, 2) percent by weight of each raw material, 3) suggested formula modifications, 4) key properties, and 5) formula Printing Ink and Overprint Varnish source. The book also contains a Trade-Named Raw Materials section Formulations - Recent Developments Flick, E.W. and a list of Suppliers’ Addresses. The first practical guide for process engineers, covering nearly every type of process-related equipment, this handbook is the fastest way to master process environments. This hands-on reference helps you understand and specify all types of auxiliary process equipment and materials. Provides engineering and operating expertise on machinery that is of prime importance in process engineering, including compressors and pumps, gas and steam turbines, fans, blowers and motors, both as individual components and as part of a supplied total package. Explores various applications, such as mechanical drive and direct drive (power generation service) for gas turbines, major support systems including instrumentation, and key components such as bearings and seals, all with reference to practical applications. Troubleshoot and solve problems in unfamiliar machines and components. Works effectively with control, environmental, mechanical, civil, and other technical specialists. Handles issues with filters, seals, Process Engineering Equipment fans, dryers, nozzles, gaskets, elements made of unusual materials, Handbook Soares, Claire blowers, connectors, gas and steam turbines, conveyors, feeders, joints, The Process Troubleshooting Wizard allows you to solve injection molding problems by drilling down from defects to appropriate solutions. Solutions are provided for defects such as blisters, brittleness, discoloration, mold flash, parts sticking in mold, warping and weld lines. This information is useful to process engineers, technicians, machine operators, and quality control personnel who work in the injection Process Troubleshooting Wizard n/a molding field. The latest methods for increasing process efficiency, production rate, and quality. Award-winning editor Greg McMillan has loaded this book with advice from top technical experts to help you tackle process instrument and control assignments confidently and solve problems efficiently. This major revision of the best selling on-the-job toolkit includes time-saving tables, selection ratings, key points, rules of thumb and hundreds of topic-defining illustrations. Updated to mirror the most common industry practices, it brings you up to speed on smart Process/Industrial Instruments and McMillan, G.K.; instrumentation and the latest advances sparked by increased power Controls Handbook (5th Edition) Considine, D.M. and miniaturization of the microprocessor. Some papers in this book report on the most recent developments in pure liquid crystalline polymers showing that discipline is dynamic and may offer in the future numerous other opportunities not known today. We hope that our selections of papers will be interesting for specialists Processing and Properties of Liquid in polymer chemistry, blends, and their industrial application, and that Crystalline Polymers and LCP Based Acierno, D.; La information included in this book will be stimulating and will favorably Blends Mantia, F.P. impact research currently performed by the readers of this book. Composite materials have been acclaimed as the "Materials of the Future." What makes the fabrication of these materials so complex is that it involves simultaneous heat, mass, and momentum transfer, along with chemical reactions in a multiphase system with time-dependent material properties and boundary conditions. This book provides a quick overview of the fundamental principles underlying composite processing and summarizes a few important processes for composite manufacturing. This book is intended for those who want to understand the fundamentals of composite processing. In particular, this book is Dave, Raju S.; especially valuable for students as a graduate level textbook and for Processing of Composites Loos. Alfred C. practitioners who struggle to optimize these processes. AlGaAs is the most widely studied and applied of the ternary semiconductors. International arrays of 30 experts have contributed under the editorship of a world authority on AlGaAs, Dr. S. Adachi of Gunma University, Japan. Subjects covered: structural, mechanical, elastic, lattice vibrational and thermal properties; band structure; optical properties; electro-optical properties; carrier transport; surfaces, interfaces and contacts; impurity and defect centers; lattice dislocations, 2D carrier transport, real space transfer band offsets and electro-optic Properties of Aluminium Gallium Arsenide Adachi, Sadao effects in AlGaAs/GaAs heterostructures. This book has a wide range of properties that are primarily controlled by the different bond hybridizations possible in such materials. This allows for the growth of an extensive range of thin films that can be tailored for specific applications. Films can range from those with high transparency and are hard and diamond-like, through to those which are opaque, soft and graphitic-like. Films with a high degree of sp3 bonding giving the diamond-like properties are used widely by industry for hard coatings. Application areas including field emission cathodes, MEMS, electronic devices, medical and optical coatings are now close to market. World experts in amorphous carbon have been drawn together to produce this comprehensive commentary as to the current state and future prospects Properties of Amorphous Carbon Silva, S. Ravi P. of this highly functional material. Over the last decade there have been major advances in the characterization of amorphous silicon for use in solar cells, TFT liquid crystal displays, photo detectors, LEDs and xerographic devices. In the last decade researchers have succeeded in dispelling much of the uncertainty about its behavior and the associated models, so that engineers are better able to exploit it. Here the essential knowledge of Properties of Amorphous Silicon and its the properties, preparation and exploitation of amorphous silicon are Alloys Searle, Tim distilled into one volume. The basic purpose of this conference and those to follow is to break down barriers to communication across disciplines and to foster, promote, and enhance a converted and unified approach to the study of materials properties. A few examples may serve as illustration. Therefore, a derivative purpose of this conference is to help Gonis, Antonios; practitioners, both experimentalists and theorists, across the various Meike, Annemarie; scientific disciplines involved in the study of complex inorganic solids Turchi, Patrice learn from one another, enhancing their own perspectives and horizons Properties of Complex Inorganic Solids E.A. as well as those of their colleagues. Silicon, as used in silicon chips, is the material on which the information society depends for its power to process information. In 1988 INSPEC published the standard reference source on silicon properties and since then an enormous amount of Si R&D has taken place, with a hundred thousand papers published over 1989-1998. Now, for the benefit of academics, process developers and device simulation engineers working in the area of silicon microelectronics Prof. Hull has brought together the specialized expertise of over 100 invited authors from the USA, Japan and Europe coordinated by 18 chapter editors to concisely Properties of Crystalline Silicon Hull, Robert review its properties in a structured way. This book comprises some 150 independently compiled, concise modules of knowledge ('Data reviews') arranged into a highly structured format and indexed for easy reference. These were individually commissioned from a large international array of 90 specialists backed up by a comparable number of referees and helpers. Each Data review Properties of Gallium Arsenide (3rd Brozel, M.R.; is self-contained and gives text, tables, figures and selected references Edition) Stillman, G.E. on a precisely specified subject. The group III nitride materials are playing an increasingly important role in the development of commercially viable microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. James Edgar has collected world wide expertise on the group III nitrides in this highly structured volume with reviews, evaluations, graphs and expert guidance to literature. Contents include Basic physical properties; Phase diagrams; Electrical properties; Band structure; Optical functions; Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence; Raman and reflection spectra; Defects and Properties of Group III Nitrides Edgar, James H. impurities; Interfaces with group III nitrides. The characterization and precisely controlled building of atomic-scale mutilayers has been the subject of intensive R&D worldwide. In this book, the large volume of research results which have accumulated is evaluated and distilled down to a useful, manageable concentration of up-to-date knowledge for electronic engineers and solid-state physicists. This has been carried out by an invited international team of over 50 Properties of III-V Quantum Wells and Bhattacharya, specialists under the editorship of Professor Bhattacharya with support Superlattices Pallab from INSPEC, who also compiled the subject index. Indium Phosphide is second only to Gallium Arsenide as a candidate material for improved devices. This volume, containing some 130 data reviews by over fifty authors from around the world, includes coverage of: basic properties; selected InGAs and InGaAsP properties; defects and their detection; surfaces; interfaces; oxidation; etching; ion Properties of Indium Phosphide n/a implantation; and exploitation in devices. InGaAs, grown on both GaAs and InP, is playing a pivotal role in the study of quantum systems which promise applications in microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. This highly authoritative book concentrates the expertise of 39 leading researchers from the USA, Europe and Japan, covering: structural, thermal, mechanical and vibrational properties; band structure of lattice-matched and strained alloys; transport, surface, optical and electro-optical properties; radiative and non-radiative recombination; epitaxial growth; doping; etching of InGaAs Properties of Lattice-Matched and Bhattacharya, and related heterostructures; photodetectors; FETs; double Strained Indium Gallium Arsenide Pallab heterostructure and quantum well lasers. The use of lithium niobate in signal filtering in TV sets and video cassette recorders is well established and it is finding increased application in optoelectronic modulation devices in DWDM (dense wavelength division multiplexing) fiber optic systems. Much LiNbO3 research has taken place in recent years. This fully illustrated volume brings electronic engineers, materials scientists and physicists up-to- date by enlisting the expertise of active researchers and presenting their considered reviews in the modular form which characterizes the Data Properties of Lithium Niobate Wong, K.K. reviews series. The properties of silicon alloyed with metals need to be known by integrated circuit engineers as well as scientists developing semiconductor multilayer formations and novel device structures. This book presents 42 specially commissioned contributions ('Data reviews') from 23 researchers in Europe, the USA and China. Numeric data, Maex, Karen; Van figures, concise text and expert guidance to the literature are provided Properties of Metal Silicides Rossum, Marc for silicides of both the transition and the rare earth metals. This book fully updates a previous EMIS volume (1987) with new sections on growth and device aspects. In addition, it contains data reviews for a range of cadmium-based materials used both with MTC and independently for solar cells, optoelectric components and X-ray detectors. Areas reviewed for both HgCdTe and for CdTe/CdZnTe/CdSeTe used as substrates: bulk and epitaxial growth; mechanical, thermal, dielectric and optical properties; diffusion of impurities and matrix elements; defects and annealing; band structure; Properties of Narrow Gap Cadmium- carrier properties; surfaces and interfaces; exploitation in detector and based Compounds Capper, Peter emission devices. Porous silicon has been the focus of much R&D activity in recent years in view of its luminescence, which may enable light-emitting devices to be integrated with silicon chips. However, research into its properties has yielded the possibility of diverse novel applications (see below). This truly comprehensive work, fully structured and indexed for reference, comprises over 50 specially commissioned contributions from a similar number of scientists in Europe, Japan and the USA. Many of the subjects covered have never previously been reviewed (e.g. capping, impregnation, lithographic patterning, chemical composition, carrier mobility, cathodoluminescence). Fully structured, illustrated and indexed Properties of Porous Silicon Canham, Leigh for reference. Research on SiC is driven by the growing promise of applications in blue light diodes, integrated circuits operating at high temperatures, high- power/high frequency devices and quantum structures. To fulfill this promise it is necessary to understand and fully characterize the SiC system. In this book the author has drawn together the expert knowledge of numerous researchers from around the world and presented it in one highly structured fully indexed volume with over 1000 Properties of Silicon Carbide Harris, Gary L. references to published and unpublished sources. The industrial relevance of SiGe has increased dramatically in the last few years with the manufacture of heterojunction bipolar circuits for the commercial wireless and datacomms markets by IBM and TEMIC, with over 20 companies planning manufacture in the near future. Major high technology companies see the development and use of SiGe as an important part of their strategy, so that there is a strong impetus to improve its characterization and exploitation. This liberally illustrated and fully indexed volume distils in a homogeneous, structured way the expertise of some 40 invited authors to comprehensively review the Properties of Silicon Germanium and Kasper, Erich; whole range of properties as well as SiGe:C, self-assembled SiGe: Carbon Lyutovich, Klara nanostructures, quantum effects and device trends. Semiconductors comprising elements from groups II and VI of the periodic table and having a large energy gap (e.g. ZnSe) are generating intense R&D activity world-wide largely as a result of their blue green diodes. To review the accumulating knowledge and provide an up-to- date state-of-the-art picture, 34 scientists from leading research groups in the USA, Europe and Japan have pooled their knowledge under the Properties of Wide Bandgap II-VI Bhargava, editorship of Dr. Bhargava. The book is illustrated, structured for Semiconductors Rameshwar reference and deeply indexed. Recent breakthroughs in the synthesis of diamond have led to increased availability at lower cost. This has spurred R&D into its characterization and application in machine tools, optical coatings, X-ray windows and light-emitting optoelectronic devices. In the longer term, diamond's high thermal conductivity and electron mobility make it potentially useful for integrated circuit applications (e.g. in heat sinks). This book draws together expertise from some 60 researchers in Europe and the USA working on bulk and thin film diamond. All fully refereed, the contributions are combined to form a highly structured volume with Properties, Growth and Applications of Nazare, M.H.; reviews, evaluations, tables and illustrative material, together with expert Diamond Neves, A.J. guidance to the literature. Since the early 1990s when highly efficient gallium nitride blue and ultraviolet LEDs and laser diodes were first demonstrated, the world market for such devices has rapidly expanded. Based on its outstanding properties, including a wide energy band gap, high thermal conductivity, and high electron drift velocity, GaN is uniquely suited for many novel devices including solar-blind UV light detectors, high power microwave Edgar, James H.; transistors, and cold cathode electron emitters. The widening range of Strite, Samual applications is generating an 80% p.a. growth in R&D. This book covers (Toby); Akasaki, the basic physical and chemical properties, surveys existing processing Properties, Processing and Applications of Isamu; Amano, technology, and presents summaries of the current state-of-the-art of Gallium Nitride and Related Hiroshi; Wetzel, devices. This book is an excellent reference for authoritative reviews of Semiconductors Christian all aspects relevant to current devices, and for developing new devices. R & D on optical fibers is driven by the need for ever higher bandwidth transmission in telecommunications at lower cost. Some 60 experts from leading R&D groups around the world review silica, oxide, halide and chalcogenide glasses in a structured format, thereby creating an authoritative, encyclopaedic reference source for researchers and engineers. The book includes a historical overview by W. Alexander Gambling, FRS. Over 60 individually authored modules on the above- Properties, Processing and Applications of mentioned types of glass covering optical, thermal & mechanical Glass and Rare Earth-Doped Glasses for properties, RE spectroscopy, optical fiber manufacture and applications Optical Fibres Hewak, Dan in fiber amplifiers, fiber gratings, fiber lasers and optical switches. In 1991, in response to strong demand by semiconductor researchers, the IEE published 'Properties of Indium Phosphide'. Since then InP has continued to be the subject of intensive R&D, especially in the area of optoelectronics, with over 11,000 papers published in the intervening period. Professor Pearsall has assembled a team of some 20 researchers from around the world in order to identify the significant advances and distil the current knowledge from this large mass of literature. New text, tables and illustrations, which form the bulk of the Properties, Processing and Applications of book, are presented together with some compressed material from the Indium Phosphide Pearsall, T.P. old volume. This classic handbook provides practical data and know-how on the design, application, specification, purchase, operation, troubleshooting, and maintenance of pumps of every type. It is an essential working tool for engineers in a wide variety of industries, all those who are pump specialists, in addition to those who need to acquaint themselves with pump technology. Newly revised, and bringing together the resources of international experts, this job-critical guide is the one and only guide to Karassik, Igor J.; the design, application, specification, purchase, operation, and Messina, Joseph maintenance of pumps of all kinds. Covering everything from advanced P.; Cooper, Paul; seals to basic design paradigms, this book takes you through all the Pump Handbook (3rd Edtion) Heald, Charles C. latest developments in pump technologies. This book shows how to apply the fundamentals of various disciplines and subjects to produce a well-integrated pumping station, which will be reliable, easy to operate and maintain, and free from design mistakes. Each author or contributor is an expert with many years experience in the subject concerned, and qualified experts have thoroughly reviewed and approved the whole content. Among the 29 chapter topics are flow in conduits, fundamentals of hydraulic transients, electrical Pumping Station Design (2nd Edition) fundamentals and power system principles, pump particulars, system Sanks, R.L. design for water and sludge pumping, and last but not least, costs. The purpose of this book is to help chemists, biochemists and other scientists purify the chemical reagents that they use in their work. Despite the fact that commercially available chemicals are often of a very high quality, and quite satisfactory for some applications within science and technology, it is becoming almost as important to know Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (4th Armarego, W.L.F.; what impurities are present and make allowances for them or to remove Edition) Perrin, D.D. them completely. This book will show you how. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been updated to include more detailed descriptions of new or more commonly used techniques since the last edition as well as remove those that are no longer used, procedures which have been developed recently, ionization constants (pKa values) and also more detail about the trivial names of compounds. This book provides details of the physical properties and purification procedures, taken from literature, of a very extensive number of organic, inorganic and biochemical compounds which are commercially available. This is the only complete source that covers the purification of Purification of Laboratory Chemicals (5th laboratory chemicals that are commercially available in this manner and Edition) n/a format. This book predicts the rate of fluid discharge, the depressurization, flashing and formation of liquid drops, the entrainment of drops into the vapor cloud, the subsequent spreading of the jet, and rate of liquid rainout to a pool on the ground. Designed in a modular fashion to permit adjustment and corrections as new data become available, its multi- layered approach contains sub-models that include the complexities of many variables, including the effect of liquid superheat, rate of bubble RELEASE - A Model with Data to Predict Johnson, D.W.; growth, criterion for bubble formation, and heat transfer from the liquid to Aerosol Rainout in Accidental Releases Woodward J.L. the growing vapor bubble. This book serves as a guide for radio, mechanical, medical, or other engineers who are responsible for or concerned about the possible dangers of radio frequency radiation, including electromagnetic compatibility and interference, electro-explosive vapors and devices, and direct effects on the human body. The topics include sources and effects, safety standards (British, European, and US), radiation surveys RF Radiation Safety Handbook Kitchen, R. and measurement, and antenna and other device design. RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is used in all areas of automatic data capture allowing contactless identification of objects using RF. With applications ranging from secure internet payment systems to industrial automation and access control, RFID technology solutions are receiving much attention in the research and development departments of large corporations. RFID is a major growth area in auto ID, allowing emergency vehicles to safely trip traffic signals, and providing the technology behind contactless smart cards, "autopiloting" cars, and production automation. Fully revised and updated to include all the latest information on industry standards and applications, this new edition provides a standard reference for people working with RFID technology. RFID Handbook - Fundamentals and Expanded sections explain exactly how RFID systems work, and provide Applications in Contactless Smart Cards up-to-date information on the development of new tags such as the and Identification (2nd Edition) Finkenzeller, Klaus smart label. This is the second edition of the first and foremost book on this subject for self-study, training, and course work. Radar cross section (RCS) is a comparison of two radar signal strengths. One is the strength of the radar beam sweeping over a target, the other is the strength of the reflected echo sensed by the receiver. This book shows how the RCS "gauge" can be predicted for theoretical objects and how it can be measured for real targets. Predicting RCS is not easy, even for simple objects like spheres or cylinders, but this book explains the two "exact" forms of theory so well that even a novice will understand enough to make close predictions. Weapons systems developers are keenly interested in reducing the RCS of their platforms. The two most practical Knott, Eugene F.; ways to reduce RCS are shaping and absorption. This book explains Shaeffer, John F.; both in great detail, especially in the design, evaluation and selection of Radar Cross Section (2nd Edition) Tuley, Michael T. radar absorbers. A true classic in the field, available once again, this widely respected source on radar design offers coverage of digital technology, weather radar, microburst detection, and digital correlators. Providing a broad look at modern theory as well as a review of all the development in Radar Design Principles - Signal practical equipment design and construction in recent years, this Processing and the Environment (2nd resource for radar engineers includes four chapters on equations and Edition) Nathanson, F.E. detection theory, plus seven on waveforms and signal processing. With this book, you're taken step-by-step through the development of modern airborne microwave radar, up to the cutting edge of emergent technologies, including new results on theoretical 2D and 3D ISAR point- spread functions (PSF) and current discussions concerning dechirp/deskew SAR processing, layover in SAR images, vibrating targets, foliage penetration, image quality parameters, and more. Plus, for students of electrical engineering, physics, and radar, this book Radar Foundations for Imaging and provides the best source for basic airborne radar understanding, as well Advanced Concepts Sullivan, Roger J. as a broad introduction to the field of radar imaging. This second edition is the most comprehensive and informative available on radar systems and technology. Growth in radar capability and applications has been, and continues to be prodigious, and the new material (nearly 75 percent) in this volume reflects that. This handbook covers all the new developments in radar, as well as the fundamentals, Radar Handbook (2nd Edition) Skolnik, Merrill I. making it the standard reference. This book encourages engineers to incorporate rapid prototyping in their daily routine. It illustrates the benefits that come with the use of models at any stage of the product development process and defines the different types of models. It gives comprehensive coverage on the fundamentals of rapid prototyping and the special capabilities. Demonstrating how RPT can be an effective means for evaluating design before costly commitments are made makes Rapid Prototyping Rapid Prototyping Gebhardt, Andreas an invaluable resource. Differential scanning calorimetry is an extremely useful analytical method that can be used to measure the Tg and Tm of polymers, for studying the melting behavior of polymers that have different crystallization histories as well as in the identification of constituent parts of polymer blends. The result of many years work this book provides a set of thermograms for 68 materials covering a broad range of widely available semi-crystalline polymers. The collection has been designed Rapra Collection of DSC Thermograms of so that four thermograms for each material can be seen, enabling a Semi-Crystalline Thermoplastic Materials Price, C.D. clear picture of the thermal history of the material. This collection is the result of a number of years work and provides a set of transmission and pyrolysate spectra of a comprehensive range of technically important rubber and plastic materials, including copolymers Rapra Collection of Infrared Spectra of and blends, which are in current use. Spectra were stored at 4cm-1 Rubbers, Plastics, and Thermoplastic resolution and plotted in %transmittance (4000cm-1 to 400cm-1). The Elastomers (2nd Edition) Sidwell, J.A. book is indexed by polymer type and by tradename. This book is a compilation of rate expressions for industrially important polymerization reactions, which have appeared in major technical journals in both chemistry and chemical engineering. In the polymer industry rate expressions are vital for the analysis, optimal design, and optimal operation of polymerization reactors. This book will be of service Rate Equations of Polymerization Mezaki, Reiji; Ma, for those who wish to conduct an efficient survey of the rate expressions Reactions Guang-Hui of interest to them. This book was written to support an area of very significant technical and industrial interest in the field of polymer development. Major advancements have occurred in preparing useful polymer blends, in most cases using some form of compatibilization. While physical compatibilization using block copolymers was the technique of choice in the past, increasingly, reactive approaches have been used. Over the Baker, W.; Scott, last 30 years polymer blends of many types have become the dominant Reactive Polymer Blending C.; Hu, G.-H, material class of polymers in commercial practice. The main goal of this book is to discuss various technological methods of reactive processing of polymers with a special emphasis on production of large size articles. The book also shows methods of scaling up from laboratory to production stage by a combination of process modeling and application of modern analytical techniques to evaluate similarity of production on different scales. This unique approach not only gives objective results required for precise evaluation of process kinetics but it is applied in the book to real systems used as examples of model application. The book begins with a discussion of the chemistry of reactive processes that are then discussed from the point of view of their modeling. In the next section, analytical control methods are evaluated for their usefulness in process monitoring. The final chapter discusses details of various technological methods of reactive processing by means of 70 diagrams clearly discussed and thus easy to understand. This book shows how to control and introduce new Begishev, V.P.; processes without long trials, and design technology that is cost-efficient Reactive Processing of Polymers Malkin, A.Ya. and environmentally friendly. The work contained in this critical review was carried out as part of the National Physical Laboratory's MTS programme on Processability, the object being to provide the best available data for commercial alloys to help with the mathematical modelling of processes such as casting and primary and secondary refining. Mathematical modelling has become an established tool with which to improve process control and efficiency, and product quality. Models have been developed to such a stage that one of the prime requirements is now for accurate, reliable data for the thermophysical properties involved in the heat and fluid flow processes. There are few data for these available in the standard literature on Recommended Values of Thermophysical commercial alloys and so this report is of interest to all users of Properties for Selected Commercial Alloys Mills, Kenneth C. mathematical modelling processes. This technology transfer handbook describes recycling equipment and technology for municipal solid waste (MSW) at material recovery facilities (MRFs). It points out what technically can be done, what material specifications can be achieved, and what the different manual and mechanical material separation and recovery approaches can cost. Swartzbaugh, J.T.; It is intended to give guidance as to what should be incorporated into Recycling Equipment and Technology for Duvall, D.S.; Diaz, startup, implementation and acceptance testing of any equipment and Municipal Solid Waste L.F.; Savage, G.M. systems to be included in the MRF. This book, on recycling of PVC and mixed plastic wastes, has been compiled from contributions from an array of scientists from several countries who are playing a leading role in plastic recycling. They offer practical solutions to many difficult problems in this field. Anyone involved in production of materials from virgin polymers who is concerned with their recyclability should read this book. The ideas and data presented will help the process of planning future recycling efforts Recycling of PVC and Mixed Plastic and help to bring the recycling process from a costly nuisance to a Waste La Mantia, F.P. profitable industry. Recycling of materials is rapidly developing discipline because of environmental awareness, need to conserve materials and energy, and growing demand to increase production economy. This book combines topics discussing the state of art, analysis of processes successfully implemented in industrial practice, ideas concerning production with recycling in mind, and the new research developments offering practical solutions for recycling industry and product manufacturers. The major emphasis is given to polyolefins, polyethylene terephthalate, PVC, and rubber. Materials concerned include films, bottles, packing materials, Recycling of Plastic Materials La Mantia, F.P. paper, car batteries, plastics used in car interiors, tires, etc. Contains up-to-date information on the process technology, applications and markets for man-made cellulosic fibres. The editor presents ten contributions that provide an overview of the only naturally biodegradable and recyclable manufactured fibres and the techniques that have been developed to produce them. Topics include a brief history of regenerated cellulosic fibres, industrial cellulose, the viscose process, Lyocell the production process and market development, cuprammonium and other processes, fibers related to cellulose, physical structure and fiber properties, applications development, and current Regenerated Cellulose Fibres Woodings, Calvin and future market trends. This book deals with engineering reliability, maintainability, and safety- related failures in a simple and straightforward style, explaining technical terms and jargon, and pre-supposing no prior knowledge of the subject. Reliability, Maintainability and Risk - The author explains numerical data by making realistic predictions using Practical Methods for Engineers (5th minimal mathematics, and handling the limitations of reliability Edition) Smith, D.J. parameters. This book covers reservoir fluid behavior and properties, including laboratory analysis and reservoir fluid flow. It provides a guide to predicting oil reservoir performance through analysis of oil recovery mechanisms and performance calculations. It also explains the fundamentals of reservoir engineering and their practical application through a comprehensive field study. New material makes this volume a Reservoir Engineering Handbook (2nd very comprehensive reference for the reservoir engineer or reservoir Edition) Ahmed, T. engineering student. This book provides readers with the information needed to design, develop and manufacture high components using an RTM route and provides a framework which readers can use to place their endeavours within an industrial context. Readers are presented with information to give them an understanding of the scientific and theoretical background to RTM, thereby giving them an understanding of the major constraints on the process. This background is then built on by an in-depth consideration of the technological details that are required to utilize the process effectively. To achieve all this the book presents detailed Resin Transfer Moulding Potter, Kevin sections on all the essential topics in RTM finishing with a case study. The foundation of any successful process safety program is a current set of process hazard analyses, or PHAs, for each of its processes, and revalidating PHAs is vital for keeping them current and applicable. Derived from the experience of many companies in the chemical and hydrocarbon processing industries, this resource presents demonstrated, common-sense approaches, including flowcharts, checklists, and worksheets. Contents include: *Preparing for the revalidation study *Identifying an appropriate revalidation methodology that provides the most benefit for resources expended *Conducting and Frank, Walter L.; documenting the revalidation study sessions *Federal regulatory Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses Whittle, David K. requirements *An essential criteria checklist Most technological improvements are realized through application of rheology used to modify properties of materials. At the same time, rheology is a complex discipline not fully understood by most researchers and engineers. It is not because rheology is too difficult to understand but mostly because the discipline uses its own language full of terms and models, understood by rheologists but not commonly used by others. ChemTec Publishing introduces a new series entitled Fundamental Topics in Rheology, designed to facilitate conversion of rheology from a field familiar to a narrow group of specialists to a popularly applied science. The first book in the series was written by Prof. Malkin who is an accomplished researcher in the field. The difficult task of writing the fundamental principles of rheology in an easy to understand way without loosing its scientific content has been fulfilled with accomplishment by Prof. Malkin. It is only possible to write this book according to the previously defined prescription, if author can see nature as a complex but homogeneous entirety, divided to disciplines for Rheology Fundamentals n/a the clarity of thought or simply to concentrate on one angle of This is the first single-volume handbook with the information a researcher needs to select the best rheology modifiers for his/her project. Information on 20 different types of rheology modifiers manufactured by 26 companies worldwide is described. These range from Acrylic Polymers to Xanthan Gum. This handbook was written because, in the authors’ experience, the selection of a rheology modifier for specific applications is an arduous task. It requires researching the technical literature of numerous suppliers, contacting them for current information and recommendations, and paring the list of candidates from hundreds to a few dozen. This book will enable readers Rheology Modifiers Handbook - Practical Braun, D.B.; to easily identify the best candidates for an application with a minimum Use and Application Rosen, M.R. investment of time. The rheology of filled polymer systems is an ever expanding field in the polymer industry today. Using a concise, practical and simple format this comprehensive work explains the concepts behind filled polymer systems and the rheological techniques involved in studying their behaviour. Covering such topics as preparation of filled polymer systems, steady shear viscous properties and extensional flow properties, this book covers areas from an introductory level through to Rheology of Filled Polymer Systems Shenoy, Aroon V, more complex issues. This book introduces students and scientists to the study of how non- solid foods flow, either in or before the final product form, and the factors that influence viscosity. He covers a functional model for rheological properties of fluid foods, measuring flow and viscoelastic properties, gum and starch dispersions, processed fluid and semisolid foods, food gel systems, the role of rheological behavior in the sensory assessment of fluid foods, and applying rheology to fluid food handling and Rheology of Fluid and Semisolid Foods - processing. He hopes the insights will be helpful in quality control and Principles and Applications Rao, M. Anandha product development. In the last decade there have been numerous advances in the area of rhodium-catalyzed hydroformylation, such as highly selective catalysts of industrial importance, new insights into mechanisms of the reaction, very selective asymmetric catalysts, in situ characterization and application to organic synthesis. The views on hydroformylation which still prevail in the current textbooks have become obsolete in several respects. Therefore, it was felt timely to collect these advances in a book. The book contains a series of chapters discussing several rhodium systems arranged according to ligand type, including asymmetric ligands, a chapter on applications in organic chemistry, a chapter on modern processes and separations, and a chapter on catalyst preparation and laboratory techniques. This book concentrates on highlights, rather than a concise review mentioning all articles in just Van Leeuwen, Piet one line. The book aims at an audience of advanced students, experts W.N.M.; Claver, in the field, and scientists from related fields. The didactic approach also Rhodium Catalyzed Hydroformylation Carman makes it useful as a guide for an advanced course. This 9th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology provides a detailed and wide-ranging review of the many aspects of risk assessment and risk management, which have excited so much debate and controversy in recent times. Written by acknowledged experts in the field, the articles examine a range of practical applications of risk assessment methods and risk management procedures. Subjects as diverse as BSE, the use of risk assessment in government, the use of computer modelling as an aid to risk assessment in the case of Hester, R.E.; accidental contamination of rivers and estuaries and many others are Risk Assessment and Risk Management Harrison, R.M. included. Now updated with 30 percent new material, this ultimate resource is written for designers, engineers, and analysts working with calculations of loads and stress. This landmark reference continues its tradition of Roark's Formulas for Stress and Strain Young, W.C.; presenting equations and diagrams of structural properties, all in an (7th Edition) Budynas, R.G. easy-to-use, thumb-through format containing 150 illustrations. This book presents the work of 42 international contributors. It will be of interest to nutritionists, veterinarians, and all those concerned with animal feeds and feeding programs--particularly those supplying mineral Roles of Amino Acid Chelates in Animal supplements to the diet in a form that can be absorbed readily and Nutrition Ashmead, H.D. digested properly. Roofing is a competitive, specialized niche in the residential construction industry. Roofers need to know the techniques, technologies and building codes that govern their industry, but most don't realize that technical expertise is not enough. The one skill that will set the successful roofer apart from the competition is how they manage their Scharff, R.; business. This second edition of Scharff's best-selling handbook will Roofing Handbook (2nd Edition) Kennedy, T. feature new information on how to manage a roofing business. Root Cause Failure Analysis provides the concepts needed to effectively perform industrial troubleshooting investigations. It describes the methodology to perform Root Cause Failure Analysis (RCFA), one of the hottest topics currently in maintenance engineering. It also includes detailed equipment design and troubleshooting guidelines, which are needed to perform RCFA on machinery found in most production Root Cause Failure Analysis Mobley, R.K. facilities. The U.S. market for rotational molding products was one billion pounds in the year 2000. The growth of the rotational molding industry has grown at 10 to 15% per year. With this growth has come an increasing need for details on the complex, technical aspects of the process. This new book clarifies and quantifies many of the technical interactions in the process. It distinguishes itself from other books on the subject by being a seamless story of the advanced aspects of the rotational molding process. There are seven chapters within the book including: Introduction to Rotational Molding; Rotational Molding Polymers; Crawford, Roy J.; Grinding and Coloring; Rotational Molding Machines; Mold Design; Rotational Molding Technology Throne, James L. Processing; and Mechanical Part Design. A stable usage of rubber compounds in the production of components for almost every industry has created the need for this handbook and formulary. Convenience is the primary reason for such a book. With the variety of uses for rubber being as broad as the imagination, a formulary which includes an overview of the history of rubber, as well as sections on ingredients, processing methods, and testing, is a welcome addition to any manufacturer’s library. Rubber products include seals and gaskets for windows, pressure and vacuum hoses for automotive and aerospace applications, bottle stoppers for medical and pharmaceutical products, center cores for all types of balls, belts for tools and machinery, shock and vibration absorbers for everything from motor mounts to sky scrapers, insulation for blankets, and even large film Ciullo, P.A.; coatings for roofing applications. Additional industrial and consumer Rubber Formulary Hewitt, N. products are being designed out of rubber compounds every day. This fifth edition continues a tradition of providing readers with a comprehensive manual for plastics processing. Since the last edition was published in 1976, there have been many changes in the types of materials available for manufacturing plastic products. Likewise, there have been new processes introduced and substantial improvements in SPI Plastics Engineering Handbook of the those that already existed. Extensive revisions in this edition have Society of the Plastics Industy, Inc. (5th resulted in an up-to-date handbook that reflects the plastics industrys Edition) Berins, M.L. state of the art. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC) is a nonprofit professional and educational organization, dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Proceedings volumes published by the SVC contain manuscripts presented at the Annual Technical Conference. The 41st Conference (1998) was held in Boston, MA; the 42nd Conference (1999) was held in Chicago, IL; the 43rd Conference (2000) was held in Denver, CO; and the 44th Conference (2001) was held in Philadelphia, PA. These serialized volumes provide views of specialized topics and frequently offer comprehensive overviews of rapidly developing areas, such as vacuum web coating, process control and instrumentation, optical coating, plasma processing, tribological and wear coating, decorative and functional coating, large area coating, and emerging SVC - 41st Annual Technical Conference technologies. The series is registered with the Library of Congress as Proceedings n/a Series ISSN 0737-5921. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC) is a nonprofit professional and educational organization, dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Proceedings volumes published by the SVC contain manuscripts presented at the Annual Technical Conference. The 41st Conference (1998) was held in Boston, MA; the 42nd Conference (1999) was held in Chicago, IL; the 43rd Conference (2000) was held in Denver, CO; and the 44th Conference (2001) was held in Philadelphia, PA. These serialized volumes provide views of specialized topics and frequently offer comprehensive overviews of rapidly developing areas, such as vacuum web coating, process control and instrumentation, optical coating, plasma processing, tribological and wear coating, decorative and functional coating, large area coating, and emerging SVC - 42nd Annual Technical Conference technologies. The series is registered with the Library of Congress as Proceedings n/a Series ISSN 0737-5921. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC) is a nonprofit professional and educational organization, dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Proceedings volumes published by the SVC contain manuscripts presented at the Annual Technical Conference. The 41st Conference (1998) was held in Boston, MA; the 42nd Conference (1999) was held in Chicago, IL; the 43rd Conference (2000) was held in Denver, CO; and the 44th Conference (2001) was held in Philadelphia, PA. These serialized volumes provide views of specialized topics and frequently offer comprehensive overviews of rapidly developing areas, such as vacuum web coating, process control and instrumentation, optical coating, plasma processing, tribological and wear coating, decorative and functional coating, large area coating, and emerging SVC - 43rd Annual Technical Conference technologies. The series is registered with the Library of Congress as Proceedings n/a Series ISSN 0737-5921. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC) is a nonprofit professional and educational organization, dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Proceedings volumes published by the SVC contain manuscripts presented at the Annual Technical Conference. The 41st Conference (1998) was held in Boston, MA; the 42nd Conference (1999) was held in Chicago, IL; the 43rd Conference (2000) was held in Denver, CO; and the 44th Conference (2001) was held in Philadelphia, PA. These serialized volumes provide views of specialized topics and frequently offer comprehensive overviews of rapidly developing areas, such as vacuum web coating, process control and instrumentation, optical coating, plasma processing, tribological and wear coating, decorative and functional coating, large area coating, and emerging SVC - 44th Annual Technical Conference technologies. The series is registered with the Library of Congress as Proceedings n/a Series ISSN 0737-5921. The Society of Vacuum Coaters (SVC) is a nonprofit professional and educational organization, dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Proceedings volumes published by the SVC contain manuscripts presented at the Annual Technical Conference. The 41st Conference (1998) was held in Boston, MA; the 42nd Conference (1999) was held in Chicago, IL; the 43rd Conference (2000) was held in Denver, CO; the 44th Conference (2001) was held in Philadelphia, PA; and the 45th Conference was held in Lake Buena Vista, FL. These serialized volumes provide views of specialized topics and frequently offer comprehensive overviews of rapidly developing areas, such as vacuum web coating, process control and instrumentation, optical coating, plasma processing, tribological and wear coating, decorative and functional coating, large area coating, and emerging technologies. SVC - 45th Annual Technical Conference The series is registered with the Library of Congress as Series ISSN Proceedings n/a 0737-5921. The Society of Vacuum Coaters, a non-profit professional, trade and educational organization, is dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Its unique industrial focus targets the processing engineer and technician, end-user, equipment manufacturer, and the materials supplier. SVC seeks to disseminate knowledge, experience, SVC - 46th Annual Technical Conference and techniques to the vacuum coating industry through a variety of Proceedings n/a forums. The Society of Vacuum Coaters, a non-profit professional, trade and educational organization, is dedicated to the development of equipment and processes for high-volume production of coatings using vacuum- based processes. Its unique industrial focus targets the processing engineer and technician, end-user, equipment manufacturer, and the materials supplier. SVC seeks to disseminate knowledge, experience, SVC - 47th Annual Technical Conference and techniques to the vacuum coating industry through a variety of Proceedings n/a forums. The processing and supply of fish products is a huge global business. Like other sectors of the food industry it depends on providing products which are both safe and which meet consumers' increasingly demanding Safety and Quality Issues in Fish requirements for quality. With its distinguished editor and international Processing Bremner, H.A. team of contributors, this book addresses these two central questions. This book examines the concepts of systems reliability and the techniques available for determining both 'technical' and 'human' hazards and risks. Emphasis is placed both on technical systems and Safety, Reliability and Risk Management - human factors, and the increasing importance of psychological factors in An Integrated Approach (2nd Edition) Cox, S.; Tait, R. overall safety assessment. Since its inception in the early 1950s, this work has become the "bible" for those who need to evaluate the hazard of substances used in commerce. It is the only reference that combines, for so many substances, data on toxicological, fire, reactivity, explosive potential, and regulatory information. Highly acclaimed in the professional journals, it was reviewed as "an indispensable reference guide for professionals responsible for managing industrial safety and occupational exposure ... an extraordinary work," and as "a monumental Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Lewis, Richard J., work ... Efforts like this are the things of what history is made," among Materials (10th Edition) Volumes 1-3 Sr, other reviews. This compendium represents the state of the art in the rapidly developing field of nanotubes. An important focus is on the relative merits of the various techniques used to synthesize nanotubes of carbon and other materials. Another important issue addressed is the effect of synthesis conditions on the multitude of morphologies that have by now been observed, and the characterization of the structures. Important advances are reported in the understanding of mechanical and chemical properties of nanotubes, including their potential use for hydrogen storage and nano-manipulators in micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). The unusual electronic properties of nanotubes, which seem to attract most attention in the field, are represented accordingly, alongside Tomanek, D.; the first likely commercial application of nanotubes in high-efficiency flat- Science and Application of Nanotubes Enbody, R.J. panel displays. This is the first book to encompass the fundamental phenomenon, principles, and processes of discrete droplets of both normal liquids and melts. It provides the reader with the science and engineering of discrete droplets, and provides researchers, scientists and engineers with the latest developments in the field. The book begins with a systematic review of various processes and techniques, along with their applications and associations with materials systems. This is followed by a description of the phenomena and principles in droplet processes. Correlations, calculations, and numerical modeling of the droplet processes provide insight into the effects of process parameters on droplet properties for optimization of atomizer design. Droplets are found in the areas of metallurgy, materials, automotive, aerospace, medicine, Science and Engineering of Droplets - food processing, agriculture, and power generation, and encountered in Fundamentals and Applications Liu, Huimin a huge range of engineering applications. Comprises state-of-the-art research presented at the 1997 conference. Seventy-eight articles discuss composites and blends; high performance materials; materials for electronics and photonics; biomaterial and biotechnology; degradation, stabilization and recycling of materials, and Prasad, Paras N.; environmentally friendly processing; sol-gel processed materials; Science and Technology of Polymers and Mark, James E.; advanced materials from natural and petroleum products; materials for Advanced Materials - Emerging Kandil, Sherif H.; separation technology; educational needs and trends; and business Technologies and Business Opportunities Kafafi, Zakya H. opportunities. This book is presented in two parts. Part I covers the problems associated with scrap tires and identifies existing and potential source reduction and utilization methods that may be effective in solving the scrap tire problem. Barriers to increased utilization and options for removing the barriers are identified and evaluated. Part II provides information on the use of whole, scrap tires and tire-derived fuel (TDF) Scrap Tire Technology and Markets n/a as combustion fuel, and on the pyrolysis of scrap tires. This practical book will help anyone encountering the insidious corrosion problems that can be caused by seawater. The technological information contained in this book is based on studies by research terms for U.S. Navel Research Laboratories and other research teams under the auspices of various government agencies. Aspects concerning the corrosion of metals in marine environments, corrosion at various depths, Seawater Corrosion Handbook Schumacher, M. and the effects of microorganisms are discussed. Explores a comprehensive body of experimentally developed conclusions, extending this base to design-relevant relationships and limit states that are reduced to usable forms. Focus throughout the book is given to developing a potent integration of knowledge and imagination to create the highest quality structural systems capable of attaining performance objectives in design-level earthquakes. This powerful reference tool is packed with broad-ranging material from fundamental principles to state-of-the-art, seismic-resistant technologies, as well as Seismic Design of Reinforced and Precast Englekirk, Robert algorithms that are thoroughly developed to be highly adaptable offering Concrete Buildings E. the most complete guidance to precast bracing systems. This book provides a comprehensive review of the primary industrial hygiene topics relevant to semiconductor processing: chemical and physical agents, and ventilation systems. The book also has excellent chapters on newer industrial hygiene concerns that are not specific to the semiconductor industry: ergonomics, indoor air quality, personal Semiconductor Industrial Hygiene protective equipment, plan review, and records retention. While much of Handbook - Monitoring, Ventiliation, Williams, M.E.; the information in these chapters can be applied to all industries, the Equipment and Ergonomics Baldwin, D.G. focus and orientation is specific to issues in the semiconductor industry. This handbook is a broad review of semiconductor materials and process technology, with emphasis on very large-scale integration (VLSI) and ultra large scale integration (ULSI). The technology of integrated circuit (IC) processing is expanding so rapidly that it can be difficult for the scientist working in one area to keep abreast of developments in other areas of the field. This handbook solves this Semiconductor Materials and Process problem by bringing together "snapshots" of the various aspects of the Technology Handbook McGuire, G.E. technology. The purpose of the Semiconductor Safety Handbook is to provide a current, single source reference for many of the primary semiconductor EH&S technologies and disciplines. To this end, the contributors have Semiconductor Safety Handbook - Safety assembled a comprehensive text written by some of the leading experts and Health in the Semiconductor Industry Bolmen, R.A., Jr. in EH&S in the semiconductor industry. This book reviews recent methods and techniques for separating food components and products of the biotechnology industry. The introduction focuses on food composition and some of the conventional separation techniques. Subsequent chapters deal with each specific type or area of application individually and include information on the basic principles, industrial equipment available, commercial applications and an overview of current research and development. Contents include: Separation processes - An overview; Supercritical fluid extraction; Pressure-activated membrane processes; Ultrafiltration; Ion- Separation Processes in the Food and Grandison, A.S.; exchange and electrodialysis; Innovative separation methods in Biotechnology Industries Lewis, M.J. bioprocessing; Fractionation in fat; Solids separation processes. This book describes separation and purification techniques—adsorption, ion exchange and liquid chromatography on solid supports—used for fermentation and biochemical feedstreams. Emphasis is placed on basic sorption theory, laboratory evaluation techniques, sorptive materials and their characteristics, scale- up of laboratory techniques, and their industrial applications. Each Separation and Purification Techniques in chapter contains specific examples illustrating the use of purification Biotechnology Dechow, F.J. techniques in biotechnology processes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the principles and industrial applications of shock waves to materials fabrication and manufacturing processes. It covers metals and alloys, ceramics, and polymers either as powders or composites. It is aimed at the industrialist, managers of technology, manufacturers, and those involved in a host of manufacturing processes where shock wave fabrication may Shock Waves for Industrial Applications Murr, Lawrence E. provide some novel approaches and new process insights. Within this text, the synthetic chemistry, properties and applications of the full range of silicon-containing polymers are for the first time drawn together comprehensively in a single work. Siloxane, carbosilane, silazane, silane, silylalkylene, and silylarylene polymers are all included, as are special topics that include, amongst others, unusual structures, applications, and high performance characteristics. It is a text directed at researchers in the field. It contains subject matter that is right up-to- date and in some instances material that has so far not been published Silicon-Containing Polymers - The Jones, Richard G.; elsewhere. For years to come it should serve as the first point of entry Science and Technology of Their Ando, Wataru; for those seeking to understand just how very different silicon-based Synthesis and Applications Chojnowski, Julian polymers are from other kinds of polymer. As one of the natural fibres, silk continues to be perceived as a very high quality luxury fibre which is never off the fashion agenda. Mohair, cashmere and the other related animal fibres have also traditionally been associated with high priced, high quality clothing and are currently undergoing something of a renaissance of interest as high fashion materials. Natural fibres are also increasingly finding applications within Silk, Mohair, Cashmere and other Luxury the technical textiles sector where their high performance thermal Fibres Franck, Robert R. properties and bio-mimetic qualities in particular, are very useful. The electronic version of the fourth edition of this classic title is the most complete reference available providing information on almost 1,400 of the most heavily used, transported and regulated chemical substances of occupational and environmental concern. This new edition contains a massive infusion of data that nearly doubles the size of the previous edition. It continues to keep pace with the explosion of hazardous chemical data, fulfilling the needs of all concerned with toxic compounds. This publication contains invaluable information about exposure limits, first aid, storage, handling, spill clean up, reference information as well as many other topics. The appendices contains lists of oxidizing materials, known and suspected carcinogens, and a glossary of terms used in the publication.The data is presented in two ways. The Table of Contents is an alphabetical listing of all material with direct links to individual files detailing all of the information available about the material. Additionally there is a table that cross-indexes the Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous materials by name, synonym, RTECS number, CAS Registry number, Chemicals and Carcinogens (4th Edition) Pohanish, R.P. DOT ID, and molecular formula. The individual files can also be This is one of the most comprehensive handbooks on slurries and slurry systems, covering everything from fluid mechanics to soil classification, pump design to selection criteria. Slurries are mixtures of liquids and solid particles of all types. For instance, liquid is used as a way of transporting what you get out of the mine, which might be better than shoveling it into freight cars and carrying it out by train. Slurry systems are fundamental to dredging, many mineral processes, bridge and tunnel construction, and to the manufacturer of synthetic petroleum Slurry Systems Handbook Abulnaga, B.E. products from oil sands. This book is intended to provide an overview and review of the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a truly international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development. It will be essential reading for academics in textile and materials science departments, researchers, designers and engineers in the textiles and clothing product design field. Product managers and senior executives within textile and clothing manufacturing will also find the latest insights into technological developments in the field very Smart Fibres, Fabrics and Clothing Tao, Xiaoming useful. This is the only single volume that provides all the data and references needed by those practicing metallurgy. This seventh edition of the standard reference work for metallurgists includes important new Smithells Metals Reference Book (7th chapters on powder metallurgy and superconductivity. All chapters have Edition) Brandes, E.A; been thoroughly revised to bring them up to date with developments Brook, G.B. since the last edition in 1983. Originally published by Smithsonian Institution Press in 1954, this classic reference source comprises 901 tables of common physical and chemical data. The information provided is broad in scope. It is of general interest to scientists and engineers, and of particular interest to those involved with physics in its larger sense. In 2003, Knovel Smithsonian Physical Tables (9th undertook the conversion of this publication into full-text searchable Revised Edition) Forsythe, W.E. electronic format that makes data easily accessible. Assesses the state of the art of soil vapor extraction (SVE) technology and summarizes an expert workshop on SVE sponsored by the USEPA. SVE is an accepted cost effective technique for removing VOCs and motor fuels from contaminated soil. The book identifies current SVE technologies, as well as additional research needed in site Pedersen, T.A.; characterization, pilot systems, full scale system design and operation, Soil Vapor Extraction Technology Curtis, J.T. attainment of clean-up criteria and closure monitoring. Sol-Gel Technology for Thin Films, Fibers, Preforms, Electronics and Specialty Covers principles, developments, and applications of sol-gel technology Shapes Klein, L.C. for thin films, fibers, preforms, electronics, and specialty shapes. This book provides a comprehensive up-to-date account of the solid phase processing of polymers with particular emphasis on the production of oriented polymers in the form of fibers, films, and solid sections, including rods, sheets, and tubes. It explains how such oriented materials can be produced by a wide range of techniques, Ward, Ian M.; including tensile drawing, die drawing, ram extrusion, and hydrostatic Coates, Phil D.; extrusion. It also discusses how the development of molecular Dumoulin, Michel orientation and structural changes lead to improvements in properties, Solid Phase Processing of Polymers M. especially in mechanical properties. A surge of new molding technologies is transforming plastics processing and material forms to the highly efficient, integrated manufacturing that will set industry standards in the early years of this century. This book is a survey of these technologies, putting them into context and Heim, H-P.; accentuating opportunities. The relations among these technologies are Specialized Molding Techniques Potente, H. analyzed in terms of products, materials, processing, and geometry. This book provides practical information that can be used to ensure compliance with the European Community directive relating to plastic materials and articles intended to come in contact with foodstuffs. In van Lierop, Ben; addition, it describes the legal framework and implementation of the Castle, Laurence; European legislation, and the analytical approach for testing compliance Feigenbaum, with SML or QM limits. Entries include the structural formula, CAS and Spectra for the Identification of Additives Alexandre; PM number and trivial name, physical characteristics and food-contact in Food Packaging Boenke, Achim uses for the material. As Nanotechnology turned from marvelous vision to exciting reality, the need for a quickly accessible source of application-oriented, authoritative and comprehensive information arose. This book meets this requirement by integrating the knowledge from nanofabrication, nanomechanics, materials science, and reliability engineering in just one volume. Beside the presentation of nanostructures, micro/nanofabrication, and micro/nanodevices, special emphasis is on scanning probe microscopy, nanotribology and nanomechanics, molecularly thick films, industrial applications and microdevice reliability, and on social and ethical implications. It addresses mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists and chemists who work either in the nano area or in a field that is or will be influenced by Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology Bhushan, Bharat this new key technology. The shelf-life of a food product is critical to its success in the market place. It is a key issue for consumer safety, product quality and profitability. Manufacturers need to be able to measure and predict shelf- Kilcast, David; life accurately, to understand the various factors which determine shelf- Subramaniam, life and the strategies open to them in extending the shelf-life of a Stability and Shelf-Life of Food Persis product. The stability and shelf-life of food addresses these concerns. Written in clear, simple language, using hundreds of worked-out problems and numerical examples, this handbook provides information available on both basic design considerations and the design of specific machine elements. From standards and codes to CAD and computational methods, this handbook contains 50 sections, each written by a top international expert, covering such vital topics as computational considerations, wear, strength of steels, seals, fasteners, Standard Handbook of Machine Design joints, springs, lubrication, bearings, drives, gears and gearing, vibration (2nd Edition) Shigley, J.E.; and control, Cam mechanisms, linkages, gear trains, stress, and much Mischke, C.R. more. Targeted at the food industry, this text offers principle methods of statistical quality and process control. Clearly explains underlying concepts and uses real-world examples for illustrating statistical techniques. Includes appendix, references, index, and many new updates. There are updates on FDA Regulations and Net Weight control limits, as well as additional HACCP applications. Anyone involved in the production of foods will find this book a valuable guide for assuring the safety and uniformity of food production through application of the latest techniques in process quality control. Specifically, this text can be used effectively by those skilled in the field for reference; by entry level technicians as a training aid; and by upper management to enhance their understanding of this highly specialized field. It can also be studied Statistical Quality Control for the Food Hubbard, Merton by operating and service departments to assist them in "total quality Industry (3rd Edition) R. control" efforts. Thoroughly updated, this book has been expanded to cover everything on materials and structures that engineering students are likely to need. Starting with basic mechanics, the book goes on to cover modern numerical techniques such as matrix and finite element methods. There is also additional material on composite materials, thick shells, flat plates and the vibrations of complex structures. Illustrated throughout with Strength of Materials and Structures (4th Case, J.; Chilver, worked examples, the book also provides numerous problems for Edition) L.; Ross, C.T.F. students to attempt. This book presents a detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforced polymer composite plates encompassing both short-term and long-term performance through experimental testing and theoretical and numerical considerations. The authors also discuss plate bonding onto other engineering materials such as steel and cast iron. The book has been Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete designed for practising civil and structural engineers seeking to Structures - Using Externally-Bonded FRP understand the principles and design technology of plate bonding, and Composities in Structural and Civil Hollaway, L.C.; for final year undergraduates and postgraduate engineers studying the Engineering Leeming, M.B. principles of highway and bridge engineering and structural engineering. This book is a comprehensive reference for designers of steel structures, providing information on materials, fabrication, erection, structural theory, and connections, as well as the many facets of designing structural steel systems and members for buildings and bridges. The information presented applies to a wide range of structures, and numerous worked examples illustrate design procedures. The thrust is to provide practical techniques for cost-effective design as well as Structural Steel Designer's Handbook (3rd Brockenbrough, explanations of underlying theory and criteria. Design methods and Edition) R.L.; Merritt, F.S. equations from leading specifications are presented for ready reference. This book is intended to give engineers, designers and students of engineering to first degree level a thorough understanding of the principles involved in the analysis of structural vibration and to provide a sound theoretical basis for further study. There is a large number of worked examples throughout the text, to amplify and clarify the theoretical analyses presented, and the meaning and interpretation of the results obtained are fully discussed. A comprehensive range of Structural Vibration: Analysis and problems has been included, together with many worked solutions which Damping Beards, C.F. considerably enhance the range, scope and usefulness of the book. This book discusses the determination of the strength and stiffness of civil engineering structures - determining the loads they will support before failure and the displacements the loads produce. This analysis of Structural and Stress Analysis Megson, T.H.G. structure is an essential part of the design of structures. Although supercritical fluid (SCF) technology is now widely used in extraction and purification processes (in the petrochemical, food and pharmaceuticals industries), this book is the first to address the new application of cleaning. The objective is to provide a roadmap for readers who want to know whether SCF technology can meet their own processing and cleaning needs. It is particularly helpful to those striving to balance the requirements for a clean product and a clean environment. The interdisciplinary subject matter will appeal to scientists and engineers in all specialties ranging from materials and polymer Supercritical Fluid Cleaning - sciences to chemistry and physics. It is also useful to those developing Fundamentals, Technology, and McHardy, J.; new processes for other applications, and references given at the end of Applications Sawan, S.P. each chapter provide links to the wider body of SCF literature. Supercritical Fluid Extraction is a technique in which CO2 is used under extremely high pressure to separate solutions (e.g., removing caffeine from coffee). Separation is basic to all process industries and supercritical fluid extraction is a specific type, receiving a high level of attention. This book combines basic fundamentals with industrial McHugh, Mark A.; applications. This second edition has been expanded and updated and Supercritical Fluid Extraction (2nd Edition) Krukonis, Val J. includes new chapters on chromatography and food processing. This book brings together novel concepts in machine vision, computer graphics, and three-dimensional modelling, in solving real practical inspection problems. Automated inspection of three-dimensional shape and the analysis of both two- and three-dimensional surface defects and texture patterns, represents one of the most challenging and rapidly developing applications for machine vision today. This is the first book to include a comprehensive review of existing techniques for defect detection. It goes on to develop a new approach to the problem of shape analysis, surface inspection, and texture classification. A simple, low- cost demonstrator system is described. Using a fixed camera and fixed computer-controlled illumination system, this innovative approach offers potential for new applications, considered to be beyond the capabilities Surface Inspection Techniques - Using of existing inspection techniques. A thorough treatment of underlying the Intergration of Innovative Machine theory is given, including sufficient detail to allow application to real Vision and Graphical Modelling inspection tasks. Numerous example applications are discussed across Techniques Smith, M.L. several industrial sectors. Provides information on processing adherends prior to adhesive bonding from the point of view of the materials and process engineer. Processing of aluminum and its alloys, titanium and its alloys, steels, copper and its alloys, and magnesium are treated in the form of detailed specifications with comparative data. Other metals not requiring Surface Preparation Techniques for Wegman, extensive treatment are covered, as are metal matrix and organic matrix Adhesive Bonding Raymond F. composites, thermosets and thermoplastics. This title arose from a need for a basic text dealing with industrial chemistry for use in a one semester, three-credit senior level course taught at the University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire, USA. This edition covers all important areas of the chemical industry, yet it is reasonable that it can be covered in 40 hours of lecture. Also a resource and reference for persons working in the chemical and related industries, it has sections on all important technologies used by these industries: a Survey of Industrial Chemistry (3rd one-step source to answer most questions on practical, applied Edition) Chenier, Philip, J. chemistry. This guide to plant design and machinery construction and operation is written by one of the pioneers in the field. It offers a comprehensive overview on processes, machines, and plant layouts for the production of synthetic (man-made) fibers from an engineering point of view. Detailed technical drawings plus numerous formula and diagrams, illustrate the entire fiber-technical knowledge for the design of the Synthetic Fibers - Machines and various production steps, from raw materials through polymerization, Equipment Manufacture, Properties Fourne, Franz and spinning to textured and technical fabrics. Technology of Biscuits, Crackers and Cookies is widely regarded as the standard work in its field. Part 1 covers management issues such as quality management, process control and product development. Part 2 deals with the selection of raw materials and ingredients. The range of types of biscuit is covered in Part 3, whilst Part 4 covers the main Technology of Biscuits, Crackers and production processes and equipment from bulk handling and metering of Cookies (3rd Edition) Manley, D. ingredients to packaging, storage and waste management. '...excellent progressive structure from agro-botany through to cereals processing, covering the range of cereal processes.' '...its international perspective and clear coverage of principal grain technologies.' '...authoritative, well set out and easy to read' (reasons given for using the text, given by users in a recent questionnaire).Contents include: Cereal crops (botany, chemistry, classification); Storage and pre- processing; Dry milling; Flour quality; Baking; Malting, brewing and distilling; Pasta and whole grain foods; Breakfast cereals and other extrusion products; Wet milling; Small-scale products; Nutrition; Feed Technology of Cereals (4th Edition) n/a and industrial uses. This book was written for young researchers in polymer and plasticizer application areas and for fabricators who need to know how plasticizers affect processing of their resins, and which one will most closely give the final properties they want. It also applies to formulators whose customers complain that the product did not do its job right or did not last as long as it should have—and do not know why, as well as plasticizer salespersons who must answer customers' questions and polymer scientists who feel that anything added to their polymer must surely adulterate it. Academia will also benefit. Professors Sears, J. Kern; and students who want to broaden their understanding of nature and of Technology of Plasticizers Darby, Joseph R. matter around and within us should find this book very helpful. This thorough text covers thermoforming processes and products. It moves from a relatively simple approach to more technical in-depth consideration, featuring examples and guidelines to illustrate all Technology of Thermoforming Throne, James L. technical aspects. Introducing the first published monograph devoted to this emerging technology. Template polymerization is a new field in polymer synthesis but common practice in the biosynthesis since DNA is the most popular template or matrix on which proteins are built by living species. This field is relevant to the synthesis of polymers of controlled structure but its application goes beyond the synthesis. Materials are formulated in complex mixtures always containing components which can be regarded as templates on which other materials are formed, modified, or are interacted with. In the new product development the relevance of these phenomena is controlled by the order of addition which affects Template Polymerization Polowinski, S. probabilities and preferences of interaction. This book describes over 3,150 textile finishing chemicals currently available for industrial use. It has been compiled from information received from 74 manufacturers and distributors of these chemicals. Including: flame retardants, softeners, soil repellents, hand modifiers, antistatic agents, biocides, fixatives, scouring agents, dispersants, Textile Finishing Chemicals - An Industrial defoamers, anticracking agents, binders, stiffeners, and sequestering Guide Flick, E.W. agents. This book presents a comprehensive treatment of both functional and decorative textiles used in the automotive industry including seat covers, headliners, airbags, seat belts and tyres. Written in a clear, concise style it explains material properties and the way in which they influence manufacturing processes as well as providing practical production details. The subject treatment cuts across the disciplines of textile chemistry, fabric and plastics technology and production engineering. Fung, Walter; Environmental effects and recycling are also covered. It is aimed at the Hardcastle, Mike design and process engineer in industry as well as researchers in Textiles in Automotive Engineering . universities and colleges. Thermal technologies have long been at the heart of food processing. The application of heat is both an important method of preserving foods and a means of developing texture, flavor, and color. An essential issue for food manufacturers is the effective application of thermal technologies to achieve these objectives without damaging other desirable sensory and nutritional qualities in a food product. Edited by a leading authority in the field, and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Thermal technologies in food processing addresses this major issue. It will provide food manufacturers and researchers with an Thermal Technologies in Food Processing Richardson, P. authoritative review of thermal processing and food quality. Provides tables of information on the thermodynamic properties of cryogenic fluids, for practicing engineers and for students in courses in cryogenic engineering and engineering systems analysis. Background chapters review the fundamentals of thermodynamic property Jacobsen, Richard formulations and summarize current practices in data analysis and T.; Penoncello, correlation. The bulk of the book offers tables on 15 cryogenic fluids, Thermodynamic Properties of Cryogenic Steven G.; and equations of state, vapor pressure, freezing liquid pressure, Fluids Lemmon, Eric W. saturated liquid and vapor density, and ideal gas heat capacity. This second edition has been compiled to take account the continued expansion of the composites industry. Additional entries cover new companies, products and resin systems, which have recently appeared on the market. A change in the lay-out of part two allows better property Thermoset Resins for Composites - tabulation and more descriptive entries for resins, and it is hoped that Directory & Databook (2nd Edition) Technolex both new and old readers will find this more user-friendly. An invaluable resource for industrial science and engineering newcomers to sputter deposition technology in thin film production applications, this book is rich in coverage of both historical developments and the newest experimental and technological information about ceramic thin films, a key technology for nano- materials in high-speed information applications and large-area functional coating such as automotive or decorative painting of plastic Wasa, Kiyotaka; parts, among other topics. In seven concise chapters, the book Kitabatake, thoroughly reviews basic thin film technology and deposition processes, Thin Film Materials Technology - Makoto; Adachi, sputtering processes, structural control of compound thin films, and Sputtering of Compound Materials Hideaki microfabrication by sputtering. This comprehensive summary of the current state of the art of titanium addresses, in varying levels of detail, all aspects of titanium, including: basic characteristics and physical metallurgy, the extractive metallurgy, the various production processes, the correlations between processing, microstructure and properties, and all aspects of applications including economic ones. The book covers commercial pure (CP) titanium, alpha + beta and beta alloys, as well as titanium based intermetallics and titanium matrix composites. Richly illustrated with more than 300 figures, Lutjering, Gerd; this compendium takes a conceptual approach to the physical Williams, James metallurgy and applications of titanium, making it suitable as a reference Titanium C. and tutorial for materials scientists and engineers. The complexity of today's risk decisions is well known. This book presents a large range of decision aids for risk analysts and decision makers in industry so that vital decisions can be made in a more Tools for Making Acute Risk Decisions consistent, logical, and rigorous manner. Though primarily aimed at the with Chemical Process Safety process industry, this book can be used by everyone who makes similar Applications n/a decisions in other industries, including those in management science. Presents information on waste minimization practices in the printed circuit board and semiconductor manufacturing industries. Case studies conducted at six facilities evaluated the technical, environmental and Nunno, T.; Palmer, cost impacts associated with the implementation of technologies for Toxic Waste Minimization in the Printed S.; Arienti, M.; et reducing the volume and toxicity of printed-circuit-board metals- Circuit Board Industry al. containing sludges and solvent wastes. This book is a ready-reference that provides essential information on the performance of tribological components, for designers and engineers in industry. Rather than depth of coverage, it emphasizes rapid access and clear presentation of technical information aimed at providing guidance in planing the feasibility of various possible layouts for a machine design. Profusely illustrated with graphs, charts, tables, and drawn Tribology Handbook (2nd Edition) Neale, Michael J. figures. This book is intended for practicing designers, researchers, and postgraduate students in the field of engineering. It shows how algorithms developed from the basic principles of tribology can be used in the design of the machine elements commonly found in mechanical devices and systems. Sections range from the basic concept of Tribology in Machine Design Stolarski, T.A. tribodesign to advanced applications. Recent and radically improved machining processes, from high wheel speeds to nanotechnology, have turned a spotlight on abrasive machining processes as a fertile area for further advancements. Written for researchers, students, engineers and technicians in manufacturing, this book presents a fundamental rethinking of important tribological elements of abrasive machining processes and their effects on process efficiency and product quality. Newer processes such as chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) and silicon wafer dicing can be better Marinescu, Joan understood as tribological processes. Understanding the tribological D.; Rowe, W. principles of abrasive processes is crucial to discovering improvements Brian; Dimitrov, in accuracy, production rate, and surface quality of products spanning all Tribology of Abrasive Machining Boris; Inasaki, industries, from machine parts to ball bearings to contact lens to Processes Ichiro semiconductors. This book combines Von Moody's original work and research in the carpet industry with the well respected 1986 textile source book, Textile Fibers, Dyes, Finishes, and Processes: A Concise Guide, by Howard L. Needles to produce a unique practical guide on all aspects of the preparation, manufacture, and performance of carpet. It addresses the Moody, Von; structure and properties of fiber, carpet construction, coatings, dyes, Tufted Carpet - Textile Fibers, Dyes, Needles, Howard finishes, performance, and recycling, among other topics. This volume Finishes, and Processes L. is an indispensable reference for all practitioners in the carpet industry. This definitive work is the most up-to-date compendium on tungsten in over twenty years. Wolf-Dieter Schubert's scientific career and extensive research activities combined with Erik Lassner's long-term industrial and development knowledge make this an essential resource on the current status of tungsten science and technology. Consolidating new knowledge previously presented at seminars or in the technical press, Tungsten - Properties, Chemistry, Lassner, Erik; Tungsten is a significant contribution to the broader acceptance of the Technology of the Element, Alloys, and Schubert, Wolf- most recent innovations in the field. The text is enhanced by over 300 Chemical Compounds Dieter illustrations. Corrosion of materials can result in such safety hazards as the collapse of buildings and other engineering structures. This long-awaited second edition provides complete coverage of the current state of knowledge in the field. It revises all information and includes such new topics as neural networks for corrosion control, corrosion characteristics of advanced materials, evaluation and inspection, repair, economics of Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook (2nd Edition) Revie, R. Winston corrosion, and corrosion control using non-metallic materials. This book was written with several objectives in mind: 1. To share with as many scientists and engineers as possible the intriguing scientific aspects of ultra-fine particles (UFPs) and to show their potential as new materials. 2. Entice such researchers to participate in the development of this emerging field. 3. To publicize the achievements of the Ultra-Fine Particle Project, which was carried out under the auspices of the Exploratory Research for Advanced Technology program (ERATO). In addition to the members of the Ultra-Fine Particle Project, contributions from other pioneers in this field are included. To achieve the first objective described above, the uniformity of the contents and focus on a single central theme have been sacrificed somewhat to provide a broad coverage. It is expected that the reader can discover an appropriate topic for further development of new materials and basic technology by Hayashi, C; reading selected sections of this book. Alternately, one may gain an Ultra-Fine Particles - Exploratory Science Uyeda, R; and overview of this new field by reviewing the entire book, which can and Technology Tasaki, A. potentially lead to new directions in the development of UFPs. Describes the processes involved in an accidental or emergency release and the resulting downwind transport and dilution of gases, vapors, and aerosols. Includes turbulence and weather, release rate estimates, liquid pool evaporation, momentum or buoyancy dominated jet release, low- Understanding Atmospheric Dispersion of momentum heavy gas releases, vapor hazard levels, and toxic vapor Accidental Releases n/a hazard levels. Detailed technical definitions of explosions are complex - and there are many of them. The text includes: * The fundamental basis for explosions * Characterizing the explosive and flammable behavior of materials * Different types of explosions * Fire and explosion hazard recognition * Practical methods for preventing explosions or minimizing the potential Understanding Explosions Crowl, Daniel A. consequence of explosions * References for further study. This "mini-tutorial" for designers describes basic principles for good mold design. The volume does not provide schematics of existing molds, but rather discusses the many factors to be considered when designing a mold. Coverage includes topics such as starting new in the mold design field, the basics of an injection molding machine, basic mold design rules, selection of materials, common types of molds, Understanding Injection Mold Design Rees, Herbert estimating costs, machining, and heat treatment. Examines fundamental aspects of how such images are formed, their basic characteristics as generated by the imaging process, their statistical properties, the recovery of nearly ideal images from imperfect systems, image analysis tools for scene understanding in single-channel data, and target detection in an overtly military context. Then casts that information into the forms required to handle multi-temporal, multi- frequency, polarimetric, and interferometric data and to explore the enhanced range of information available when such multi-channel data Understanding Synthetic Aperture Radar Oliver, Chris; are available. Also cites real examples of applications and forecasts Images Quegan, Shaun future developments in the technology. Presents techniques of applying and repairing concrete in freshwater and marine environments for the practicing engineer. Covers materials, inspection, defect evaluation, repair methods, and factors influencing long-term durability of concrete underwater. Includes numerous diagrams and photos. Enables engineers to identify and overcome the many problems associated with concreting in both fresh and sea water. Focuses on the major factors influencing long term durability of concrete Underwater Concreting and Repair in the underwater environment. Discusses inspection, evaluation of McLeish, Andrew defects and methods of repair for existing underwater structures. The Unit Converter allows you to convert values from existing units of measurement to other units as appropriate. Unit Converter converts units for eighty-two properties, from Acceleration to Volume, including: Mass, Force, Radioactivity, Surface Tension, and Temperature. It allows Unit Converter n/a you to round the results to desired number of significant digits. This book outlines the state-of-the-practice in the use of waste materials in highway construction in the U.S. and discusses the applications of selected waste materials including: Waste tiresWaste glassReclaimed paving materialsSlags and ashesBuilding rubbleSewage sludgeIncinerator residueAn evaluation based on technical, environmental, and economic factors indicated that reclaimed paving materials, coal fly ash, blast furnace slag, bottom ash, boiler slag, steel slag, and rubber tires have significant potential to replace conventional materials for various applications in highway construction, and should be projected for future construction. Specific applications of the waste Use of Waste Materials in Highway products and potential problems associated with their usage in highway Construction Ahmed, I. operations are also included. All mechanical equipment in motion generates a vibration profile, or signature, that reflects its operating condition. This is true regardless of speed or whether the mode of operation is rotation, reciprocation, or linear motion. There are several predictive maintenance techniques used to monitor and analyze critical machines, equipment, and systems in a typical plant. These include vibration analysis, ultrasonics, thermography, tribology, process monitoring, visual inspection, and other nondestructive analysis techniques. Of these techniques, vibration analysis is the dominant predictive maintenance technique used with maintenance management programs, and this book explains the basic theory, applications, and benefits in one easy-to-absorb volume that Vibration Fundamentals Mobley, R.K. plant staff will find invaluable. This 4th volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology covers a number of issues concerning VOCs, including stratospheric ozone depletion due to CFCs and the properties of alternative substances, the role of VOCs in the photochemical formation of lower atmosphere (tropospheric) ozone and the problem of the direct toxicity of VOCs such as benzene and formaldehyde. Reviewing current knowledge of VOCs, this Issue draws upon the expertise of experts and major national and international research programmes. It looks closely at the sources and concentrations of VOCs indoors, where humans are Volatile Organic Compounds in the Hester, R.E.; most likely to be exposed to them and describes techniques used for the Atmosphere Harrison, R.M. calculation of emissions inventories and strategies for control. Waste incineration is finding increasing favour as a waste disposal method, this 2nd volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology considers the topic of waste disposal and the place of incineration as an option. It reviews the emissions and environmental impacts of incineration and available control technologies, specific Hester, R.E.; research upon emissions of trace metals and organic micropollutants, Waste Incineration and the Environment Harrison, R.M. and the methodologies for environmental impact assessment. One of the most critical problems we are facing today is acid rain. One of the main causes is the burning of fossil fuels, and as a result, sulfuric acid and carbon dioxide are added to the atmosphere. These gases have detrimental effects on building materials. Thus, there are two problems: (1) to decrease the gas emission, and (2) to produce construction materials more durable to the aggressive pollutant gases and acid rain. The environmental aspects involved in the production and use of cement, concrete and other building materials are of growing importance. Substitution of waste materials will conserve dwindling resources, and will avoid the environmental and ecological damages caused by quarrying and exploitation of the raw materials for making Waste Materials Used in Concrete cement. To some extent, it will help to solve the problem otherwise en- Manufacturing Chandra, S. countered in disposing of the wastes. This book examines the environmental impact of sewage and industrial effluent treatment on inland and coastal waters, in the atmosphere and on land. It also looks into current practice in the design, engineering, operation and control of landfill sites, and the effect of changes in regulatory policy. A wide range of waste management practices result in atmospheric discharges and this 3rd volume of Issues in Environmental Science and Technology reviews the localized impacts and mitigation of Hester, R.E.; the discharge and the regulatory framework within which waste Waste Treatment and Disposal Harrison R.M. management has to operate. All-in-one, state-of-the-art guide to safe drinking water. Civil engineers and anyone else involved in any way with the design, analysis, operation, maintenance or rehabilitation of water distribution systems will find practical guidance in this handbook. Provides historical, present day, and future perspectives, as well as state-of-the-art details previously available only in specialized journals. You get a comprehensively detailed exploration of every facet of the hydraulics of pressurized flow; piping design and pipeline systems; storage issues; Water Distribution System Handbook Mays, Larry W. reliability analysis and distribution, and more. This book has been revised and updated to reflect recent developments in the field, this reference addresses water quality issues for both municipal and industrial water supply, reports on the source of contaminants and other problems, and describes the treatment methods of choice. State-of-the-art handbook of community water supplies. The leading source of information on water quality, water treatment, and quality control for 60 years is now available in an up-to-the-minute new edition. This book covers the field, bringing you the expertise of 20 distinguished specialists who provide the latest information on everything from aeration and coagulation processes, to chemical oxidation and water plant waste management. At least 90% of the material in this new edition has been revised and updated. Among the areas of special concern covered are: Cutting-edge membrane processes; U.S. regulatory changes, including new rulings on Water Quality and Treatment - A disinfection by-products; Current concerns with preventing Handbook of Community Water Supplies cryptosporidium and E. coli outbreaks; and Enhanced removal of total (5th Edition) Letterman, R.D. organic carbon. This book contains the proceedings of a symposium sponsored by the Colloid and Surface Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society, held in Las Vegas, NV. It includes a variety of papers on topics such as the effects of solids concentration on polymer adsorption, hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acids) at interfaces, crystal growth of hydroxyapatite in vitro, and more. Water soluble polymers play a vital role in the oil industry, especially in enhanced oil recovery. Water soluble polymers are also used in agriculture and controlled release pharmaceutical applications. Therefore, a fundamental knowledge of Water Soluble Polymers - Solution solution properties of these polymers is essential for most industrial Properties and Applications Amjad, Zahid scientists. This collection of 463 up-to-date water-based trade and industrial formulations will be of value to technical and managerial personnel in paint manufacturing companies and firms which supply raw materials or services to these companies, and to those interested in less hazardous, environmentally safer formulations. The data consists of selections of manufacturers' suggested formulations made at no cost to, nor influence Water-Based Paint Formulations, Volume from, the makers and distributors of these materials. Only the most 3 Flick, E.W. recent data is included. Any solvent containment is minimal. This collection of 232 up-to-date water-based trade and industrial formulations will be of value to technical and managerial personnel in paint manufacturing companies and firms which supply raw materials or services to these companies, and to those interested in less hazardous, environmentally safer formulations. The data consists of selections of manufacturers' suggested formulations made at no cost to, nor influence Water-Based Paint Formulations, Volume from, the makers and distributors of these materials. Only the most 4 Flick, E.W. recent data is included. Any solvent containment is minimal. The second edition of this popular industrial guide contains descriptions of more than 1100 currently available water-soluble resins, supplied by 47 manufacturers or distributors of these products. Both natural and synthetic resins are described, including cellulose ethers; collagens, gelatins; natural gums; and synthetic resins, their dispersions, Water-Soluble Resins - An Industrial emulsions, and solutions. Only the most recent information has been Guide (2nd Edition) Flick, E.W. included. In spite of extensive efforts, material weathering testing still requires improvement. This book presents findings and opinions of experts in material degradation testing. The aim is to improve testing methods and procedures. Materials are presented to show that photochemical degradation rate depends on a combination of environmental factors such as UV radiation, temperature, humidity, rain, stress, and concentration of reactive pollutants.The potential effect of each parameter of degradation on data gathered is discussed based on known results from a long experience in testing. This book contains data obtained in laboratories of the largest manufacturers of UV stabilizers and chemical companies which manufacture durable materials. The book gives details of testing procedures and choice of parameters of exposure which are crucial for obtaining laboratory results correlating with environmental performance of materials.In addition to exposure conditions, the book contains many suggestions on sample preparation Weathering of Plastics - Testing to Mirror and post-exposure testing. The effective use of these methods shortens Real Life Performance Wypych, G. testing time of materials and determines acceleration rate of testing. The Welded design is often considered as an area in which there's lots of practice but little theory. Welded design tends to be overlooked in engineering courses and many engineering students and engineers find materials and metallurgy complicated subjects. Engineering decisions at the design stage need to take account of the properties of a material, if these decisions are wrong, failures and even catastrophes can result. Many engineering catastrophes have their origins in the use of irrelevant or invalid methods of analysis, incomplete information or the lack of Welded Design - Theory and Practice Hicks, John understanding of material behaviour. This 1991 handbook describes various welding materials and techniques available to the SEABEE welder. The emphasis is placed upon interchangeability of materials ordinarily found in the Naval Construction Forces Table of Allowance. The data provided in this handbook will cover a majority of maintenance situations. This handbook also describes several related maintenance techniques. These include: Wearfacing, MAPP Gas Welding, and some cold processes that can be substituted for welding procedures in certain Welding Materials Handbook n/a maintenance applications. This book is a practical user's guide to all aspects of welding aluminium and aluminium alloys. It provides a basic understanding of the metallurgical principles involved, showing how alloys achieve their strength and how the process of welding can affect these properties. This book is intended to provide engineers with perhaps little prior understanding of metallurgy and only a brief acquaintance with the welding processes involved with a concise and effective reference to the Welding of Aluminium and Its Alloys Mathers, Gene subject. This book provides readers with a broad overview of this rapidly expanding technology, bringing them up to speed on new discoveries and commercial applications. It provides specific technical applications of key processes such as laser diodes, LEDs, and very high Wide Bandgap Semiconductors - Growth, temperature electronic controls on engines, focusing on doping, etching, Processing and Applications Pearton, S.J. oxidation passivation, growth techniques and more. This second edition covers fundamental concepts and practical requirements in food science, as well as cutting-edge technological and industry information. The encyclopedia features A-to-Z coverage of all aspects of food science, including: the properties, analysis, and processing of foods; genetic engineering of new food products; and nutrition. In addition, nontechnical information is included, such as descriptions of selected scientific institutions, and research and development in government agencies. Like the first edition, this Second Wiley Encyclopedia of Food Science and Francis, Frederick Edition will become the standard reference for food scientists, Technology (2nd Edition) Volumes 1-4 J. bioengineers, and biotechnologists. The field of molecular biology is revolutionizing human medicine and the applications of molecular biology to medicine are expanding. This encyclopedia brings together those aspects of medicine that have significance at the molecular level, plus advances in molecular biology that are relevant to medicine. With over 1,700 separate primary entries, this comprehensive encyclopedia sets the standard for reference works in this rapidly expanding field. The coverage in this encyclopedia is multilayered, ranging from the organ to the cell to the molecular and includes extensive cross-referencing. Geneticists, biochemists, Wiley Encyclopedia of Molecular John Wiley & molecular biologists, medical researchers, and doctors with either an Medicine, Volumes 1-5 Sons, Inc. academic or industrial background will find this an essential resource. As environmental concerns have focused attention on the generation of electricity from clean and renewable sources, wind energy has become the world's fastest growing energy source. The Wind Energy Handbook draws on the authors' collective industrial and academic experience to highlight the interdisciplinary nature of wind energy research and provide a comprehensive treatment of wind energy for electricity generation. Burton, Tony; With coverage ranging from practical concerns about component design Sharpe, David; to the economic importance of sustainable power sources, this book will Jenkins, Nick; be an asset to engineers, turbine designers, wind energy consultants Wind Energy Handbook Bossanyi, Ervin and graduate engineering students. This new definitive book advances the science of vapor cloud dispersion by: * Describing how structures at an urban or industrial site affect dispersion, and how these effects should be treated in consequence models. * Explaining surface roughness length (z0) and displacement length (d) so that they are clarified for readers with minimal meteorological background. * Presenting criteria for when the structures should be considered broadly as roughness elements, or when they should be considered from the viewpoint of their wake effects. * Defining conditions for which different models apply and providing continuous solutions for transitions between flow regimes. * Providing the appropriate roughness inputs to transport and dispersion models Wind Flow and Vapor Cloud Dispersion at Hanna, Steven R.; depending on conditions. * Demonstrating the application of these Industrial and Urban Sites Britter, Rex E. techniques through worked examples. Efficient use of our nation's timber resource is a vital concern. Because a major use of wood in the United States is in construction, particularly housing construction, good practice in this endeavor can have a profound impact on the resource. This 1999 handbook is intended as an aid to more efficient use of wood as a construction material. It provides engineers, architects, and others with a source of information on the physical and mechanical properties of wood and how these properties are affected by variations in the wood itself. Continuing research and evaluation techniques hold promise for wider and more efficient Wood Handbook - Wood as an utilization of wood and for more advanced industrial, structural, and Engineering Material n/a decorative uses. This book represents the first comprehensive new treatment of the science and technology of wool to be published in over twenty years. Well known contributors, including several of the major wool boards and institutes, provide a very accessible blend of theory and practice. It will Simpson, W.S.; be essential reading for woollen yarn and cloth manufacturers, specialist Wool: Science and Technology Crawshaw, G.H. processors and wool research scientists in industry and universities. This book provides safety advisers with an understanding of basic physics and chemistry, and of the current safety techniques for reducing the risks associated with the more commonly met industrial processes. Workplace Safety - Safety at Work Series, Ridley, J.; The text explains these key industrial processes and the basic sciences Volume 4 Channing, J. from which they stem. Texturing is increasingly important in textile production, not only in yarns for weaving and knitting fashion products, but also for carpets, furnishing fabrics and a variety of technical textiles. Combining a comprehensive review of the physics and chemistry of texturing with a thorough, Hearle, J.W.S.; illustrated description of current practice, this book will be invaluable for Hollick, L.; Wilson, yarn and fabric manufacturers, textile scientists and students of textile Yarn Texturing Technology D.K. science and technology courses. The content of this database presents a compilation of results for vapor pressure using the Antoine equation, and contains an extensible, searchable table with Antoine coefficients of over 5,000 compounds. Yaws, Carl L; The data is both experimentally determined and estimated based on Narasimhan, methods developed by the author and other noted experts. The table is Prasad, K.; interactive (live) and contains live equations for easy calculation and Yaws' Handbook of Antoine Coefficients Gabbula, plotting of the properties. The Equation Plotter Applet can save for Vapor Pressure (Electronic Edition) Chaitanya countless hours of complicated calculations. This is an enormous collection of physical, thermodynamic, and transport property correlations for 5000 organic chemical compounds covering C1 to C70 organics. The data is provided in a tabular format with links to an interactive Equation Plotter Applet that graphically represents the temperature correlation relationships for 15 key properties. The data is both experimentally determined and estimated based on methods developed by the author and other noted experts. Detailed references are provided for further research. Accurate Yaws' Handbook of Thermodynamic and information describes how chemicals behave at different temperatures Physical Properties of Chemical in an easy-access format. The Equation Plotter Applet can save Compounds Yaws, Carl L. countless hours of complicated calculations. Yoghurt: Science and Technology is a standard work in its field. The new edition has been thoroughly revised and now includes a discussion of 'bio-yoghurts' with their important implication for manufacturing practice. Contents include: Background to manufacturing practice; Processing plant and equipment; Cleaning and hygiene; Traditional and new developments in yoghurt production; Microbiology of yoghurt and Yoghurt Science and Technology (2nd Tamime, A.Y.; 'bio' started cultures; Biochemistry of fermentation; Preservation and Edition) Robinson, R.K. production of starter cultures; Nutrition; Quality control and HACCP.
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