Parts of a sentence by rt3463df

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									Parts of a
sentence

Phrases!!!
Phrases! All Right!
• A phrase is a word group that never
  functions as a complete sentence. It may
  lack a subject, a verb, or both. Phrases
  function as parts of speech – nouns,
  verbs, adjectives and adverbs.
Types of phrases - Prepositional
• Prepositional – are word groups that function as
  adjectives or adverbs. They begin with a
  preposition and end with a noun or pronoun and
  can include modifiers of the noun.
                                                     Functions as
                                                     ______
• Ex. The 1995 earthquake in Kobe, Japan, killed
  more than five thousand people within minutes.
                                                        Functions as
                                                        _____

• Ex. with the cat, during the pounding rainstorm, in the scary house,
  from the basement, under the dark looming sky, etc.
Types of phrases - Appositive
• Appositive – is a word group that
  renames a noun or pronoun. They are
  set off by 2 commas or a comma and a
  period if at the end of a sentence.

• Ex. Bob, my imaginary friend, loves to
  have tea parties.
• Sue, the prom queen, was the most
  popular girl in high school.
Types of phrases - Participial
• Participial – is made up of a present
  participle (the –ing form of a verb) or a past
  participle (the –ed form of a verb or past tense of
  an irregular verb) plus accompanying words.
  A participial phrase always functions as
  an adjective.
Participial phrases
• Ex. Bobbing in the air, the round white
  kite resembled a drunken cloud.

• The instructor smiled, delighted at the
  class’s enthusiam.

• Frozen with fear, Rashid felt his
  heartbeat accelerate.
Gerund Phrases
• Gerund – is made up of a present
  participle (the –ing form of a verb) plus
  accompanying words. A gerund phrase
  always functions as a noun.
• Walking on my tiptoes is fun.
• Running under water is good for your
  legs.
• I love playing the piano.
Infinitive Phrases
• Infinitive – a group of words consisting
  of an infinitive plus accompanying
  words. The infinitive starts with the
  preposition “to” followed by the verb.
• An infinitive is a verb form that can be
  used as a noun, an adjective, or an
  adverb.
Infinitive Examples
• To snow hard is a wonder. (subject)
• The trick was to carry the egg slowly.
  (PN)
• St. James students like to study often.
  (DO)

								
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