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					             The Green Man
• 1) What is ‘The Green Man’?
• 2) What different styles of ‘Green Man’ are
  there?
• 3) Where are green men found?
• 4) What do they mean?
• 5) How does the ‘Green Man’ link with art
  Nouveau?

• Task Create a powerpoint on the Green Man,
  answering these questions
           What is a Green Man?
• A modern interpretation of the Green Man as a garden ornament
  carved in stone
• A Green Man as a name for a sculpture, drawing or other
  representation of a face surrounded by or made from leaves
• Branches or vines may sprout from the nose, mouth, nostrils or other
  parts of the face, and these shoots may bear flowers or fruit. Commonly
  used as a decorative architectural ornament, Green Men are frequently
  found on carvings in churches and other buildings (both secular and
  ecclesiastical).
• "The Green Man" is also a popular name for British public houses and
  various interpretations of the name appear on inn signs, which
  sometimes show a full figure rather than just the head.
• The Green Man motif has many different faces and variations. Found in
  many cultures around the world, the Green Man is often related to
  natural vegetative deities springing up in different cultures throughout
  the ages. Primarily it is interpreted as a symbol of rebirth, or
  "renaissance", representing the cycle of growth being reborn anew each
  spring. Some speculate that the mythology of the Green Man developed
  independently in the traditions of separate ancient cultures and evolved
  into the wide variety of examples found throughout history.
• Usually referred to in works on architecture as foliate heads or foliate
  masks, carvings of the Green Man may take many forms, naturalistic or
  decorative. The simplest depict a man's face peering out of dense
  foliage. Some may have leaves for hair, perhaps with a leafy beard.
  Often leaves or leafy shoots are shown growing leaves from his open
  mouth and sometimes even from the nose and eyes as well. In the most
  abstract examples, the carving at first glance appears to be merely
  stylised foliage, with the facial element only becoming apparent on closer
  examination. The face is almost always male; green women are rare.
  Green cats, lions and demons are also found. On gravestones and other
  memorials, human skulls are sometimes shown sprouting grape vines or
  other vegetation, presumably as a symbol of resurrection (see Shebbear,
  England).
• Although the Green Man appears in many forms, the three most common
  types have been categorized as follows[original research?]:
• the Foliate Head — completely covered in leaves
• the Disgorging Head — spews vegetation from its mouth
• the Bloodsucker Head — sprouts vegetation from all facial orifices.
• The term "Green Man" was coined by Lady Raglan in 1939. It appeared
  in her article The Green Man in Church Architecture, published in The
  Folklore Journal. The figure is also often referred to (perhaps
  erroneously) as "Jack-in-the-Green" or "Jack o' the Green".
         What does the Green Man
               Represent?
• Superficially the Green Man would appear to be pagan, perhaps a
  fertility figure or a nature spirit, similar to the woodwose (the wild
  man of the woods), and yet he frequently appears, carved in wood
  or stone, in churches, chapels, abbeys and cathedrals, where
  examples can be found dating from the 11th century through to the
  20th century.
• To the modern observer the earlier (Romanesque and medieval)
  carvings often have an unnervingly eerie or numinous quality. This
  is sometimes said to indicate the vitality of the Green Man, who was
  able to survive as a symbol of pre-Christian traditions despite, and at
  the same time complementary to, the influence of
  Christianity.[citation needed] (Rather than alienate their new
  converts, early Christian missionaries would often adopt and adapt
  local gods, sometimes turning them into obscure saints.)
• Whatever his original significance may have been, many modern
  churchgoers characterise the Green Man as "the archetype of our
  oneness with the earth".[citation needed]

				
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