The Great Gatsby by F Scott Fitzgerald by sdfwerte

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									The Great Gatsby by F
   Scott Fitzgerald
 Social and Historical Background
           The Context
                                The Great Gatsby
   „In 1922 F Scott Fitzgerald announced his
    decision to write „something new –
    extraordinary and beautiful and simple
    and intricately patterned.‟ Self made
    millionaire Jay Gatsby embodies some of
    Fitzgerald‟s and his country‟s most abiding
    obsessions; money, ambition, greed and
    the promise of new beginnings.‟
    From review of The Great Gatsby The Lost Generation bookstore (online)
          The Great Gatsby
 Published in 1925
 Significantly
  sandwiched between
  WW1 and WW2
 An American novel
            1920‟s America
 Fitzgerald is renowned for chronicling the
  Jazz Age
 This was the decade that followed the
  First World War
 This time was also know as The Golden
  Twenties or the Roaring Twenties
            1920‟s America
 These years were full of pleasure seeking
  and reckless exuberance
 Fitzgerald said “America was going on the
  greatest, gaudiest spree in history and
  there was going to be plenty to tell about
  it.”
               1920‟s America
   Some people considered this age to be the
    „Lost Generation‟
    – A generation disillusioned by the senseless
      slaughter of WW1, they were cynical and
      disdainful of Victorian Notions and propriety
      of their elders
   Ernest Hemingway captured the essence
    of this Lost Generation in his novel The
    Sun Also Rises (1926)
                   1920‟s Culture
Charlie Chaplin




                  Edward Hopper Nighthawks   Picasso


                                                       Silent Movies




Matisse
                          Kandinsky
            Music/Jazz
 Duke  Ellington
 Cole Porter
 Gershwin
 Maurice
  Chevalier
                   Writers
   Ernest Hemingway
   Gertrude Stein
   Henry Miller
   T S Eliot
   Dorothy Parker
          The Mass Market
 Population of USA doubled 50yrs before
  WW1
 There was a problem with meeting basic
  needs
 Solution – Mass production. Henry Ford
  was the first to use an assembly line to
  make Model T cars in 1913
         The Mass Market
 There was massive growth in commodities
 There was standardization across the
  country
 Everything was made available to
  everyone
 Therefore most people wanted…
             Advertising
 As a result Advertising became big
  business
 Brand names were more prominent
 Advertising created the desire for
  purchasing
 The taste of the nation was shaped…
    Conspicuous Consumption
 A term coined by an American social
  scientist
 A response to the over whelming amount
  of rich businessmen with power in
  America
 They showed off their wealth with
  ostentatious houses and extravagant
  behaviour
       Conspicuous Consumption
   Veblen called this
    „Conspicuous
    Consumption‟ because he
    thought the lifestyle was
    wasteful and caused
    more poverty in the lower
    classes
   People liked to announce
    their status, never caring
    about the effect on
    others
Prohibition and Organised Crime
Prohibition and Organised Crime
 From 1920 to 1933, the manufacture,
  sale, and transport of alcohol was
  prohibited in the United States
 It was intended to raise the country‟s
  moral standards
 It had the opposite effect!
 Apparently in 1925 there were 100,000
  speakeasies in New York alone
Prohibition and Organised Crime
 Bootlegging became big business
 Criminals, such as Al Capone made their
  fortunes producing and selling illegal
  alcohol
 There was an illegal economy organised
  by powerful gangs
 Money was made through gambling and
  protection rackets
Here is Hollywood‟s view
                Women
 In the Jazz Age the Flapper was born
 The typical Flapper was a young woman
  who was thought of as fast and maybe
  even a little brazen
 She symbolized an age anxious to enjoy
  itself…
Again, a Hollywood interpretation,
 but listen closely to the words…
1920‟s America


The End

								
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