Korean for Beginners

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					Korean for Beginners
    The Korean Alphabet
• The modern Korean alphabet is called
  “Hangul” and was created in 1443.
• Before Hangul was used, standard
  Chinese characters were used for the
  Korean writing system.
• Hangul was created by King Sejong of
  Korea to raise the literacy rate of the
  peasants; for Chinese characters were
  deemed to difficult to read.
   The Consonants

K n D R m B s
g   t l   p
 The Consonants Review

ㅁ ㄷ ㅅ ㄱ ㄴ ㅂ ㄹ
   Consonants Continued

ng j   ch kk tt pp h
 The Consonants Review

ㅊ ㅎ ㅇ ㅌ ㅈ ㅍ ㅋ
• There are 10 basic consonants
• There are also 4 aspirated
  consonants, and 5 tensed
  consonants, which are an
  emphasized version of the basic
    Tense Consonants

ㄲ ㄸ ㅃ ㅆ ㅉ
kkk ttt   ppp sss jjj
Tense Consonants Review

ㅃ ㅉ ㄲ ㄸ ㅆ
        Categories of Sound
Plain       Asspirated   Tense

ㄱ(k)        ㅋ(kk) ㄲ(kkk)
ㄷ (t)       ㅌ (tt) ㄸ(ttt)
ㅂ (p)       ㅍ (pp) ㅃ (ppp)
ㅈ (j)       ㅊ (ch)       ㅉ (jj)

달        탈          딸
moon     mask       daughter

자        차          짜
To sleep Car, tea   Salty (a)
(v)      (n)
• There are ten simple vowels
• There are eleven complex vowels
• Some of them are difficult to
  differentiate from each other, do your
        Simple Vowels

아     야       어     여     오
father yard   cut   yup   oil
     Simple Vowels Review

•여             • Yard
•아             • Oil
•오             • Father
•야             • Yup
•어             • Cut
  Simple Vowels Continued

요     우     유     으      이
Yo-yo sue   you   good   easy
     Simple Vowels Review

•유             • Sue
•이             • Easy
•우             • Yo-yo
•으             • Good
•요             • You

애 얘 에 예 와 왜
add   yam   edit   yes   water where
        Diphthongs Review

•   에            •   Water
•   애            •   Yam
•   예            •   Yes
•   얘            •   Where
•   와            •   Add
•   왜            •   Edit
      Diphthongs Continued

외      워     웨      위     의
wet    won   weather we   uhi
    Diphthongs Review

워   위     외    의        웨
         Syllable Order

• The syllable order in Korean
  usually starts with a consonant,
  vowel, consonant.
• Ex: ㅁ + ㅏ + ㄴ = 만
• Consonants = red,
• Vowels = green
     Syllable Placeholder

• ㅇ is a syllable placeholder
• ㅇ is called a “pachim” (바침)
      Syllable Placeholder
• ㅇ is left of “vertical” vowels
• Vertical (light/yang) vowels are:
  아, 야, 어, 여, 이, 애, 얘, 에, 예,
      Syllable Placeholder

• ㅇ is above horizontal vowels
• Horizontal (dark/yin) vowels are:
  오, 요, 우, 유, 으, 와, 왜, 외, 워,
  웨, 위, 의
    Syllable Stacking Rules

• If there is a consonant and
  vertical vowel, the consonant is
  on the left and the vowel is on
  the right
• Ex: ㅁ + ㅏ = 마
    Syllable Stacking Rules

• If there is a consonant and a
  horizontal vowel, the consonant
  is on top and the vowel is
• Ex: ㄴ + ㅠ = 뉴
          Cultural Insight
• Korean letters were once considere
  d to hold certain properties, such a
  s light or yang values or dark or yin
• The Korean culture values balance
  and harmony. This preference is de
  monstrated by the alphabet.
Cultural Insight
         Cultural Insight
• Even the Korean flag represents
symmetry and balance
• The black lines represent many
properties such as spring, summer,
  winter, autumn, or south, north,
west, east
         Writing Practice
•ㅅ   +   ㅏ   +ㄴ=
•ㅂ   +   ㅓ   +ㅅ=
•ㅡ   +   ㅇ   =
•ㅕ   +   ㅁ   =
•ㄲ   +   ㅠ   +ㄹ=
•ㅣ   +   ㅆ   =
  Pronunciation Practice

Ss + a + ng =
     Listening Comprehension

•   A) 1   2 3
•   B) 1   2 3
•   C) 1   2
•   D) 1   2 3
•   E) 1   2
•   F) 1   2 3
     Listening Comprehension

•   A) (open) 1) 오 2) ㅔ 3) ㅈ
•   B) (bail) 1) ㅊ 2) 아 3) ㅂ
•   C) (yacht) 1) 야 2) ㅍ 3) ㄱ
•   D) (late) 1) 애 2) ㄹ 3) 으
•   E) (date) 1) ㄷ 2) ㄴ 3) ㅇ
•   F) (sand) 1) 이 2) 우 3) ㅅ