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Reasons For Taking Part in Physical Activity The Physical and Mental Effects of Exercise By Ed and Sam Why People Take Part in Exercise • There are many reasons for taking part in sport. A person will choose a type of activity according to the benefits they want from the physical exercise. Some people do exercise purely for the social enjoyment, whereas others take part to get a sense of achievement from winning the competition. • The general health of a person, both physically and mentally may improve as a result of regular exercise. Not only may the heart and lungs become stronger but success in sport can lead to an increase in confidence which can help in other areas of life. • There are many reasons for taking part in physical activity. These are divided into two categories; physical and mental. We will look at these on the next few slides. Physical Effects of Exercise • Enhance and change body shape: With regular exercise muscles get toned. This gives you more muscle definition which is something many people want. Exercise at the right level also burns calories so exercise can lead to weight loss. • Increase Life Expectancy: Regular exercise increases the efficiency of the heart, circulatory system and lungs. Exercise can also lead to an improvement in the persons general health. Good general health means you are less likely to suffer from minor ailments and can recover from severe illness more quickly. • Fitness: Generally the more you exercise, the more your body is able to meet demands of exercise. Exercising can increase strength, stamina, mobility and flexibility. • Personal Development: Certain physical activities can present a person with challenging situations. By achieving a set goal a person can develop courage and confidence. • More Energy: When exercise is carried out regularly the body begins to respond to the activity. As a result the body can work harder before becoming tired. • Reduce Stress-Related Illness: When involved in physical activity the stress a person may feel is often forgotten for a time. This can have a good effect on the heart and so stress-related illness may be reduced. • Offers Physical Challenges: Whether taking part in a team sport or an individual training programme there will be targets to meet. Following a plan will help the performer to meet targets of physical self-improvement in skills, techniques, speed and strength. Mental Effects of Exercise • Look Good, Feel Good: The improvement to general body shape and posture can result in people feeling more positive about themselves. • Feeling of Well-Being: An improvement in the efficiency of the body systems and body shape brought about by regular physical activity can give a person a sense of well-being. • Sets Physical Challenges: A person may take up physical activity later in life for the first time since school or be a regular exerciser. Whatever the circumstances, targets for development can be set so progress can be made. • Gives Enjoyment: There are various reasons why a person enjoys an activity, it can be the tactical battle to outwit an opponent or playing as a team to achieve success. • Interest/Hobby: Starting a new interest can extend the knowledge of the individual. New tactics, skills strategies and safety factors may have to be learned. As the skill develops personal pride in the new achievement is felt and so pleasure and satisfaction result. • Reduce Stress: Some activities are extremely competitive. These activities can act as a release valve for aggressive behaviour so that a persons general life is calmer. Having a hobby is something to look forward to and when taking part in a sport or activity it takes the persons mind off of problems in their daily life. • Excitement through the activity: Some activities are attractive because they are exciting to perform. Skiing and BMX racing are examples of sports that can attract people because of the thrill and adrenaline rush involved. Benefits of Joining a Club • Encourages Co-operation: In any club there are many jobs to complete for its overall success. The obvious one is to be a member of the team, but there and many other duties essential to the smooth running of the club. Fixtures need to be arranged, finances have to be looked after and the facilities have to be maintained. By working together for the good of the club you are encouraged to co-operate with fellow members of the club for maximum success. • Opportunity for Competition: Many clubs arrange matches against other teams. This gives members and opportunity the chance to show their skills against opposition and try and outplay their opponents. The competitive characteristics can develop can help effectiveness in other areas such as work. • Mixing Socially with New People: Training with club mates and performing against other teams gives a person the opportunity to meet a large number of people. This can expand the number of friends a person has. Through these experiences a person can become more outgoing and confident in the company of others. • Encourage Friendships: By being a member of a club, a person meets others with the same interests. After a club event there is usually a social drink, by regularly attending, friendships can form. • Allows us to Take Part in a Particular Sport: In some instances the only way to compete in a sport is to be a member of a club. Clubs make taking part in an activity viable, as the equipment and coaching may be too costly otherwise.
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