EGYPT by Nassim Hiekali

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EGYPT by Nassim Hiekali Powered By Docstoc
					          Focus Group Central
              Middle East

• Egypt                                    • Palestinian
                                           Authority
• Syria
                                           • Jordan




     Max Suchov, Alexis Diamond, Nassim, Hiekali,
          Samantha Henshel, Natalie Jacobs.
                    February 3, 2000
  Gamal Abdel Nasser
Enrolled into Royal
Military Acadamy.
Graduated in 1938.
Elected president in
1956.
Preached Arab
nationalism
Fought Suez-Sinai
War against Israel,
Britain and France.
                       1956 War
Becomes hero to
Arabs.
1967 War and Decline of
       Nasser
Nasser threatens
Israel.
Israel launches
surprise attack
against Egypt, Syria,
and Jordan.
Egypt loses war
decisively.
Egypt humiliated
                        1967 Six Day War
Nasser dies in 1969.
        Anwar Al-Sadat
Nasser’s aide Sadat
becomes leader of
Egypt.
Nasser and Sadat
met in Military Camp.
Went from Vice to
President in one year!
Peace treaty with
Israel.
Assassinated
because of pro-Israel,
pro-U.S. policies.
          Hosni Mubarak
Mubarak was educated in
Egypt’s national Military
Academy.
Became Vice President in
1975.
After Sadat killed, Mubarak
becomes Egypt’s leader.
As president Mubarak did a
lot for Egypt.
Threatened by Muslims
fundamentalists, as was
Sadat.
Future uncertain.
 HISTORY OF SYRIA AND
       LEBANON




Syria and Lebanon are located in the middle East.
They have many types of languages and religions.
  WARS WITH SYRIA,
ISRAEL AND LEBANON
1970 Lebanon had a
war with itself.
1973 Syria fights for the
land Israel is occupying.
1979 there was a revolt
in Hama. Assad
                            Israeli forces fight in Lebanon.
brutally crushes it.
1980 Assad orders
terrorist to go fight
Israel.
   LIFE OF HAFEZ AL-
         ASSAD
Assad was born as
an Alawi Muslim.
He has Syria in his
hands.
He is known for a
negative relationship
with many countries
and their leaders.


                        Hafez al-Assad
  PEACE AGREEMENT
   WITH SYRIA AND
       ISRAEL
Assad is the key to
the peace
agreement.
The deal of the
peace agreement is
very simple.
I think that the
peace agreement is
a bad idea.

                  Golan Heights with Jewish Settlements.
      Palestinian Exile
Creation of Israel in
1947
App. 4000 Palestinians
exiled at gunpoint
Palestinians and Arabs
call for Israel to be
destroyed
Arabs lose war and
retreat
Yassir Arafat leads
Palestinians
 Palestinian Liberation
  Organization (PLO)
Palestinian Liberation
Organization formed to
liberate Israeli occupation
In may of 1964, it is
founded by refugees and
Yassir Arafat becomes
leader
After 3 more planes
getting high-jacked, King
Hussein starts “Black
September”
1971 it is expelled from
Jordan
                   Intifada
Street riots break out and
Palestinians throw rocks at
Israeli police forces(1987-
1993)
Israel’s image suffers from
street demonstrations
Oslo Agreement between
Israel and Arafat
Palestinian authority
created, Israel gives West
Bank and Gaza strip to
Palestinians in return for       Palestinians set fires and
peace                         throw rocks at Israeli soldiers.
Intifada




           Victims of violence.
Palestinian Authority/ Oslo
       Agreements
Negotiations in Norway with
Israel about peace
Yassir Arafat recognizes
Israel’s right to exist
Rivalry with Hamas/ no
peace
Palestine is divided: terror, or
peace?
Arafat cooperates with Israel,
he wants no war
To become a full government
in the future.
  Hamas and terrorism vs. Palestinian Authority and peace.
Britain and King Hussein
 Britain gains power
 over Jordan in 1920.
 British install
 Abdullah in 1921.
 Abdullah
 assassinated in
 1951.
 King Hussein takes
 charge.
    6 Day war of 1967
Egypt, Syria, and
Jordan attacked by
Israel.
War only lasted 132
hours and 30 minutes.
Jordan loses
Jerusalem to Israel.
Arabs lose 3rd most
holy city; Jordan
humiliated.             Jordan loses Jerusalem.
Black September of 1970
 3 jetliners (British,
 American, Swiss)
 hijacked by Palestinian
 terrorists to Jordan.
 Planes blown up.
 King Hussein decides to
 go after PLO in his
 country.
 Jordanian army forces
 PLO out of country to
 Lebanon.                  Hijacked Airliner.
    King Hussein’s Death
Died of cancer on Feb. 7,
1999.
Jordanians mourns their dead
king.
Funeral brought together bitter
enemies.
King Hussein widely
respected.
Representatives came from
75 different countries.
Had his son Abdullah put in
line to succeed him as king.
   New King Abdullah
Born in Amman on Jan.
30, 1962.
Previously served as
major general in
Jordanian army.
Assumed power when
his father died.
Expected to continue
his father’s policies.
THE END!

				
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