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Equestrian Strategy

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					Cardinia Shire Council



  Equestrian Strategy


    Adopted 21 May 2001




        Prepared by:



    EDAW (Aust) Pty Ltd
      1/590 Orrong Road
    Armadale Victoria 3143

              &
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1 Introduction

The Executive Summary provides a summary of key information from the Cardinia
Shire Equestrian Strategy.

The following information, is included as part of this document:

1. Introduction:
       - Objectives and Scope
       - Relationship to Corporate Plan
2. Existing Situation:
       - Significance of Equestrian Community in Cardinia
       - Regional Context
       - Equestrian Trails
3. The Vision
4. Summary of Demand
5. Guiding Principals for Provision of Equestrian Opportunities
6. Broad Equestrian Strategies
7. Primary Trail Network


1.3       Project Objectives and Scope

The Strategy is designed to:

• provide a clear vision and direction regarding the purpose, provision, development
  priorities, management and use of Council managed equestrian facilities and
  trails, and
• provide direction regarding priority actions necessary to achieve the vision over
  the next 5-10 Years

Note: The primary focus of this strategy has been on equestrian use and provision of
equestrian facilities. Given the potential environmental impacts of equestrian use, the
implementation of this strategy need to be considered in the light of environmental
and landscape values and other factors identified by the following studies, which
have been considered in the development of this strategy.

•     existing conservation studies, eg:

      -    Cardinia Shire Sites of Botanical and Zoological Significance
      -    Port Phillip Catchment and Land Protection Board Regional Vegetation Study
      -    Management Plans and Botanical Surveys of Cardinia’s Reserves

•     other relevant studies eg:

      -    Cardinia Shire Land Capability Study
      -    Cardinia Shire Roadside Assessment Study
      -    National Trust – Recorded Landscapes
      -    Cardinia Shire Environment Management Strategy
                                                                  Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                 Equestrian Strategy




1.4     Process Overview

The preparation of the Cardinia Shire Equestrian Strategy involved the four main
stages as follows:
      Stage 1: Information Review & Data Collection
      Stage 2: Demand & Needs Assessment
      Stage 3: Draft Strategy Formulation
      Stage 4: Strategy Finalization



1.5     Relationship to Corporate Plan

The Vision for Cardinia Shire is:


“To provide and improving environmentally sustainable lifestyle that promotes
opportunity, celebrates diversity and provides citizens with the climate to fulfil
their potential.”

The Equestrian Strategy relates directly to this vision and has been formulated within
the context of Council’s overall strategic planning framework. In accordance with
Council’s framework, the Equestrian Strategy is presented in the following context:


                                       Cardinia Shire Council
                                         Corporate Plan


                  Strategic Plans                               Business Plans for
               ie. Cardinia Shire                                    Departments
               Equestrian Strategy



                                            Annual Plan and
                                            Budget




2.1 Significance of Equestrian Community in Cardinia

Cardinia’s recreational equestrian users have a significant current direct economic
contribution of approximately six and a half million dollars (see 4.5 Equestrian
Economic Value). As shown in 4.6 Expressed and Anticipated Demand, there are
also significant numbers of recreational equestrian users (3560), potential users
(880) and projected users (4870 by 2011) within the Shire, making equestrian use a


 EDAW                                                                          December 2000
                                                                   Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                  Equestrian Strategy


significant recreational activity. These large numbers of users and their economic
input indicates the significance of the recreational equestrian community within
Cardinia.


2.2 Regional Context

Cardinia is on the fringes of Melbourne’s urban development that spreads along the
Princes Highway. Aside from the Dandenong Creek Valley the fringes of this
development provide the primary agistment and equestrian opportunities for the
south east of Melbourne. While extensive Open Space lies to the north and north
east of Cardinia much of this land, as with the coastal habitat of Western Port Bay to
the south, is of high environmental value with limited equestrian access. The rural,
rural residential and low density urban development in the foothills and southern
sections of these municipalities allows for private horse ownership, agistment and
potential for trail riding in natural environments, along easements, road verges and
unmade roads.

The equestrian community that accesses the facilities within the Shire of Cardinia is
much wider than the confines of the municipal boundaries, with users coming from
adjacent areas with high horse populations such as the municipalities of, Mornington
Peninsula, Casey and Yarra Ranges and Baw Baw.

Equestrian Activity can be broadly broken into recreational and sporting activity.
Equestrian sporting activity occurs at Pony and Riding Clubs and private equestrian
centres, where specific facilities such as dressage areas, show jumping rings, cross
country courses, hitching facilities and the like exist. Cardinia has nine public areas
used for equestrian sporting activity, four of which are equestrian only facilities and
five of which are part of a district sporting facility, and numerous private facilities as
shown on the Equestrian Trails and Facilities Map. Associated with equestrian
sporting facilities is the transportation of horses. People may a) bring their horses in
on floats, requiring large parking areas; b) ride their horse, requiring safe access to
the facility, or; c) agist their horse at the facility, requiring sufficient space for horse
agistment.

Recreational equestrian activity involves activities such as trail and other extended
rides. Within Cardinia there are few opportunities for recreational equestrian activity
away from roads or through natural areas.


2.3 Equestrian Trails

Two main types of equestrian trails exist within Cardinia. The predominant trail type
is informal road and road verge trails. These trails follow roads of lower traffic
volume and where the verge is wide and clear enough riders favour using the verge
rather than the road. These trails are generally used for recreational leisure riding
and for riding to and from equestrian facilities. In some areas such as Upper
Beaconsfield these trails are sign posted with warning signs, however in many areas
they are unmarked and represent the natural desire lines of local riders.

The other trail type is tracks through bushland, such as in Kurth Kiln Park, Bunyip
State Park and around Chamber’s Reserve. These trails mostly follow informal
vehicle tracks and allow for free-riding in a natural environment away from cars and


 EDAW                                                                            December 2000
                                                              Cardinia Shire Council

                                                             Equestrian Strategy


other hazards of the road. These trails are predominantly located in the North of the
shire, although some of the main drains in the south could be used in a similar way.
Other areas of bush managed by Parks Victoria, such as Wrights Forest, have in the
past been accessed by equestrian riders for free-riding, however these are currently
closed to this activity.

Due to the haphazard way that most trails within Cardinia have developed along
roads and road verges there is a great deal that can be done to improve the safety of
these trails. Provision of signs, suitable safety features, adequate space and
appropriate destinations will help to provide a safer and more useable equestrian
network within Cardinia.




 EDAW                                                                      December 2000
                                                                 Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy




3. The Vision

Cardinia equestrian groups desire meaningful partnerships between users and
Council in planning and developing a series of quality public equestrian activity areas
and trails that:
   Cater for a variety of equestrian activities, irrespective of a person’s ability or age
   Feed into a series of safe, interconnected horse trails, road verges and precincts,
   which connect to the wider regional network
   Can be effectively managed and maintained,
   Are integrated and coordinated with other council strategies.
   Reinforce the importance of the equine industry to the Shire, and Cardinia as a
   horse friendly Shire , and
   Are accurately mapped and promoted




4. Summary of Demand
Given the demographics and the existing facility supply considerations it is
anticipated that the greatest demand in the Shire of Cardinia over the next 5-10
years will be for:

•    adequate provision and reservation of agistment space and equestrian facilities
     for projected populations in the growth corridor.
•    ensuring existing and future equestrian trails are not compromised by urban
     development in the growth corridor and around townships.
•    Increased safety and security for current on-road equestrian users as traffic
     volumes increase.
•    adequate and well located facilities to serve future demand,
•    provision of a quality competition and recreational facility to the east of
     Melbourne, bearing in mind the large number of private facilities,
•    development of guidelines and standards for suitable trails, in relation to
     provision, maintenance, environmental impact, materials, width, proximity to
     roads, etc..,
•    resolution of conflicts with environmentalists to provide for environmentally
     sensitive use of environmental areas.
•    establishment of safe off-road trails connecting open space areas.

Projected demand to 2011 is for an increase of 1300 recreational equestrian users.
With rapid growth in the ‘growth corridor’ between Beaconsfield and Pakenham this
region is the likely location of many of these future riders. This area has few closely
accessible recreational equestrian facilities and attention will need to be given to
ensure that a supply of safe riding and agistment areas continues to match the
demands of the growing population in this region. Maintaining safe linkages in this
region will also become increasingly important as development encroaches on
existing trails and agistment areas.




    EDAW                                                                        December 2000
                                                                 Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy




5. GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PROVISION OF EQUESTRIAN
   OPPORTUNITIES
There are a number of broad principles that should influence the planning,
development, management and use of equestrian opportunities in any location,
including Cardinia:

Access and Accessibility
• To ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be
   affected by residential encroachment.
• To provide safe and convenient access to and from equestrian facilities for
   people on horseback and for people towing horse floats.

Balance with Diversity
• To achieve a balanced and diverse provision of equestrian opportunities
   appropriate to the needs of the community.
Community Involvement
•    To involve the horse riding community in the planning, design and management
     of equestrian facilities.
Environmental and Heritage Values
•    To ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas of relatively low environmental
     value.
•    To ensure that the type and level of equestrian activity proposed for a site is
     compatible with the long term environmental and heritage management of the
     values of the site.
•    To ensure the placement of equestrian facilities and trails, do not lead to long-
     term environmental problems or further degrade the environmental quality of an
     area.
Equity
•    To ensure that the horse riding community are treated fairly and equitably.
Information:
•    To ensure existing and potential users are well informed about existing
     equestrian opportunities and how they can be accessed and utilised.
Management and Administration:
•    To ensure management and maintenance of all equestrian facilities is well
     coordinated to achieve the best possible outcomes within the given resources.
Multiple Use:
•    To achieve the most efficient use of existing and future equestrian facilities by
     encouraging joint use where appropriate.
Quality:
•    To ensure that all equestrian facilities are attractively designed and comply with
     Australian standards appropriate to the level and type of use.
Safety and Liability:


    EDAW                                                                       December 2000
                                                              Cardinia Shire Council

                                                             Equestrian Strategy


•    To ensure that all equestrian facilities are located, designed and maintained to
     meet public safety standards.
•    To ensure the safety of the general public is considered when providing
     equestrian facilities in public use areas.




    EDAW                                                                   December 2000
                                                                   Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                  Equestrian Strategy




6. Broad Equestrian Strategies

1.   Improve the range of opportunities for equestrian use in the Shire of Cardinia
2.   Improve safety for equestrian users in the Shire of Cardinia
3.   Develop a safe and interconnected network of equestrian trails and facilities
4.   Ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be affected by
     residential encroachment
5.   Consolidate and enhance equestrian club facilities
6.   Improve access to some natural areas for managed equestrian riding.
7.   Ensure equestrian riding facilities and activities are appropriately planned and
     managed to protect environmental and heritage values.
8.   Involve the equestrian riding community in the design and management of
     equestrian facilities.
9.   Increase awareness of equestrian use in the general community.



7. Primary Trail Network

In order to implement the Cardinia Shire Equestrian Strategy and the associated
priority actions, the main trails or ‘primary network’ used by recreational equestrian
riders had to be identified and are outlined in Figures 5.1 and 5.2

Criteria used in determining the Primary Trail Network include:
• High usage
• Linkage to equestrian facilities and popular destination points
• Avoidance of roadsides with high environmental significance
• Use of existing trails and unused roads
• Links townships and provides circuits
• Avoidance of dangerous roads (high traffic volume / speed roads)

The proposed Primary Trail Network does not intend to preclude equestrian activity
on other trails that are currently used, however will encourage equestrian traffic away
from less appropriate trails. Council will not maintain or provide signage for trails
outside the Primary Trail Network unless for safety reasons and only then at Council
discretion.

In order to implement the priority actions identified in this strategy, Council will firstly
undertake an audit of the ‘primary trails’ and develop a schedule to implement the
necessary works (urgent works to long term / major developments). Such works will
include the erection of traffic signs, trail maintenance and promotion of the trail
network.




 EDAW                                                                            December 2000
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.......................................................................................................... 1

1      INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................ 2
     1.1      THE STUDY AREAS ....................................................................................................... 2
     1.2      PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE ............................................................................... 2
     1.3      SIGNIFICANCE OF EQUESTRIAN COMMUNITY IN CARDINIA ............................................... 3
     1.4      PROJECT METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................. 3
     1.5      REPORT STRUCTURE.................................................................................................... 5
2      REGIONAL CONTEXT ...................................................................................................... 6

3      GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PROVISION OF EQUESTRIAN OPPORTUNITIES .......... 8

4.     EXISTING SITUATION – SHIRE OF CARDINIA............................................................. 10
     4.1      EXISTING RELEVANT PLANNING AND OTHER PROVISIONS............................................. 10
     4.2      EXISTING EQUESTRIAN OPPORTUNITIES ...................................................................... 11
     4.3      EXISTING EQUESTRIAN TRAILS.................................................................................... 14
     4.4      EXISTING ISSUES........................................................................................................ 14
     4.5      EQUESTRIAN ECONOMIC VALUE .................................................................................. 15
     4.6      EXPRESSED AND ANTICIPATED DEMAND ...................................................................... 16
5      EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY – SHIRE OF CARDINIA...................................................... 19
     5.1      INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 19
     5.2      THE EQUESTRIAN VISION ............................................................................................ 19
     5.3      BROAD EQUESTRIAN STRATEGIES............................................................................... 20
     5.4      ACTION PLAN ............................................................................................................. 20
     5.5      PRIMARY TRAIL NETWORK .......................................................................................... 25
6      STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW ............................................................ 29

APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY OF COMMONLY USED TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS........ 30

APPENDIX 2: SUGGESTED ELEMENTS OF AN EQUESTRIAN CODE OF CONDUCT ..... 33

APPENDIX 3: SUGGESTED TRAIL DESIGN GUIDELINES.................................................. 35


LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1.1: Location of the Shire of Cardinia ............................................................ 2
Figure 2.1: Primary Land Values .............................................................................. 7
Table 4.1 Reports Reviewed for the Cardinia Equestrian Strategy ....................... 10
Figure 5.1: Primary Trail Network ........................................................................... 26
Figure 5.2: Detail of Primary Trail Network……………….……………………….…....28
Figure 5.3: Equestrian Facilities…………………………….……………………………29

SUPPORTING DOCUMENTS
Supporting Document No. 01 - Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
Supporting Document No. 06 - Information Review
Supporting Document No. 08 - Workshop - Agency and Community Outcomes
Supporting Document No. 10 - Situation Assessment
Supporting Document No. 11 - Summary of Consultation
                                                           Cardinia Shire Council

                                                          Equestrian Strategy




ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Shire of Cardinia:
Cr Graham Osborne, Miriam Gillespie, Emma Michie.

Advisory Committee:
Michael Bragge, Jill Burnes, John Stewart, John Counsell, Gayle Joyce, Penelope
Ward.

Agency Representatives:
Parks Victoria - Frances Horsley, Franca DeLuca, Lisa Court, John Goodman
Melb. Water - Mal Brown, Scott Seymour. Graham Daff, Denis Bonello, Angela Nott
Dept. of Natural Resources and Environment - David Grace
Dept. Sport and Recreation - Brendan Sheehan
Dept. of Education - Otto Van de Velde, City of Greater Dandenong - June Ernst
Shire of Yarra Ranges - Tim Rowe, Mike Dickson, City of Knox - Cecilia Brady
Mornington Peninsula Shire - Cath Black
Frankston City - Liz Beardall, Joanne Elridge

The many residents of the Shire of Cardinia who responded to the survey or
participated in the workshops.

The Planning Team comprised the following Companies and individuals:

EDAW (Aust) Pty Ltd:
Peter Haack, Carl Safstrom, Marius Brits, Lisa Swartz and John Wood

JEAVONS Recreation & Tourism Planners
Sally Jeavons and David Flanagan




 EDAW                                                                   December 2000
                                                                Cardinia Shire Council

                                                               Equestrian Strategy




 2 INTRODUCTION

 1.1       The Study Areas

 This Strategy has general application to the Shire of Cardinia, with particular
 emphasis given to meeting the equestrian needs of existing and anticipated
 populations.

Figure 1.1: Location of the Shire of Cardinia




 1.2       Project Objectives and Scope

 The Strategy is designed to:

 • provide a clear vision and direction regarding the purpose, provision, development
   priorities, management and use of Council managed equestrian facilities and
   trails, and
 • provide direction regarding priority actions necessary to achieve the vision over
   the next 5-10 Years

 Note: The primary focus of this strategy has been on equestrian use and provision of
 equestrian facilities. Given the potential environmental impacts of equestrian use, the
 implementation of this strategy needs to be considered in the light of environmental
 and landscape values and other factors identified by the following studies, which
 have been considered in the development of this strategy.

 •     existing environmental studies, eg:

       -    Cardinia Shire Sites of Botanical and Zoological Significance
       -    Port Phillip Catchment and Land Protection Board Regional Vegetation Study
       -    Management Plans and Botanical Surveys of Cardinia’s Reserves




     EDAW                                                                     December 2000
                                                               Cardinia Shire Council

                                                               Equestrian Strategy




•     other relevant studies eg:

      -    Cardinia Shire Land Capability Study
      -    Cardinia Shire Roadside Assessment Study
      -    National Trust – Recorded Landscapes
      -    Cardinia Shire Environment Management Strategy



1.3       Significance of Equestrian Community in Cardinia

Cardinia’s recreational equestrian users have a current direct economic contribution
of approximately six and a half million dollars (see 4.5 Equestrian Economic Value).
As shown in 4.6 Expressed and Anticipated Demand, there are also significant
numbers of recreational equestrian users (3560), potential users (880) and projected
users (4870 by 2011) within the Shire, making equestrian use a significant
recreational activity. These large numbers of users and their economic input
indicates the significance of the recreational equestrian community within Cardinia.



1.4       Project Methodology

Preparation of the strategies involved the following stages:

      Stage 1: Information Review & Data Collection
      Stage 2: Demand & Needs Assessment
      Stage 3: Draft Strategy Formulation
      Stage 4: Strategy Finalisation

Figure 1.2 illustrates the process and the interrelationship between each of the tasks.
Details of the purpose, tasks, consultation processes, outputs and anticipated
Council responsibilities for each of these stages are provided in the following
sections.




    EDAW                                                                     December 2000
                                                           Cardinia Shire Council

                                                          Equestrian Strategy




Figure 1.2: Process Overview – Equestrian Strategy for Cardinia Shire

   STAGE 1: INFORMATION REVIEW & ISSUE IDENTIFICATION


                                      Inception Meeting


      Information Review            Trail Inventory and GIS
                                            Mapping


                                      Agency Workshops               Consultation Round 1


                                        Council Review


     STAGE 2: DEMAND & NEEDS ASSESSMENT


      Identification of Existing       User Needs Assessment
       & Proposed Equestrian
          Areas & Linkages

                                           Council Review


    STAGE 3: DRAFT STRATEGY FORMULATION


     Identification of Existing     Review of Management
      & Proposed Equestrian         Considerations, Impacts
       Areas and Linkages                and Benefits



      Development of Draft            Agency Workshops                Consultation Round
      Equestrian Strategies                                                    2

                                          Council Review

   STAGE 4: STRATEGY FINALISATION


     Finalisation of Equestrian
                                        Council Presentations
             Strategies




  EDAW                                                                  December 2000
                                                               Cardinia Shire Council

                                                              Equestrian Strategy




The consultant team met with nominated Councillors, representatives of Council
Departments involved with equestrian issues, and selected State Government
Agencies. In addition, community workshops and individual meetings were
conducted with equestrian users, by the consultant team to discuss equestrian
issues and visions for the municipality.


1.5   Report Structure

The report is broken into two main sections. Firstly it looks at the regional context
and guiding principles for the provision of equestrian opportunities that apply
generally across Cardinia. Secondly it looks at Cardinia to highlight the existing
situation so as to provide detailed strategies for meeting these situations. This later
section outlines current opportunities, highlights existing issues, and discusses these
in light of anticipated demand for equestrian facilities. This is followed by an
equestrian vision, broad strategies and a detailed action plan to achieve strategies.


Additional information relevant to this Strategy is provided in the Supporting
Documentation and includes:

Supporting Document No. 01 - Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations
Supporting Document No. 06 - Information Review
Supporting Document No. 08 - Workshop - Agency and Community Outcomes
Supporting Document No. 10 - Situation Assessment
Supporting Document No. 11 - Summary of Consultation




 EDAW                                                                        December 2000
                                                                 Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy




3 Regional Context

Cardinia is on the fringes of Melbourne’s urban development that spreads along the
Princes Highway. Aside from the Dandenong Creek Valley the fringes of this
development provide the primary agistment and equestrian opportunities for the
south east of Melbourne. While extensive Open Space lies to the north and north
east of Cardinia, much of this land, as with the coastal habitat of Western Port Bay to
the south, is of high environmental value with limited equestrian access. The rural,
rural residential and low density urban development in the foothills and southern
sections of these municipalities allows for private horse ownership, agistment and
potential for trail riding in natural environments, along easements, road verges and
unmade roads.

The equestrian community that accesses the facilities within the Shire of Cardinia is
much wider than the confines of the municipal boundaries, with users coming from
adjacent areas with high horse populations such as the municipalities of, Mornington
Peninsula, Casey and Yarra Ranges and Baw Baw.

Equestrian Activity can be broadly broken into recreational and sporting activity.
Equestrian sporting activity occurs at Pony and Riding Clubs and private equestrian
centres, where specific facilities such as dressage areas, show jumping rings, cross
country courses, hitching facilities and the like exist. Cardinia has nine public areas
used for equestrian sporting activity, four of which are equestrian only facilities and
five of which are part of a district sporting facility, and numerous private facilities as
shown on the Equestrian Trails and Facilities Map (Figure 5.3).

Associated with equestrian sporting facilities is the transportation of horses. People
may a) bring their horses in on floats, requiring large parking areas; b) ride their
horse, requiring safe access to the facility, or; c) agist their horse at the facility,
requiring sufficient space for horse agistment.

Recreational equestrian activity involves activities such as trail and other extended
rides. Within Cardinia there are few opportunities for recreational equestrian activity
away from roads or through natural areas and this factor has led Casey Cardinia
United Horse Association, the peak body for equestrian groups within both
municipalities, to seek a large site for “free” riding and other public equestrian
activities. A site had previously been identified by the City of Casey for equestrian
activities at the rehabilitated Harkaway Tip, but this is now considered to be
unsuitable by the group due to its final landform having slopes that are too steep.
Casey Cardinia United Horse has now formally transferred their interest from this site
to the Taranto property, a site within the proposed Cardinia Parklands, immediately
to the north of Arkoonah Park. Parks Victoria however, has advised that this site will
be developed to cater for broad recreational use in a similar fashion to Jells Park
(Wheelers Hill) and is not available for horse use or facilities.

Figure 2.1 shows the primary land values for the eastern region of Melbourne, which
highlights the position of Cardinia on the eastern urban fringe and the availability of
‘agricultural’ land for equestrian use.




 EDAW                                                                           December 2000
                                  Cardinia Shire Council

                                  Equestrian Strategy




Figure 2.1: Primary Land Values




  EDAW                                         December 2000
                                                                 Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy




4 GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PROVISION OF EQUESTRIAN
  OPPORTUNITIES
There are a number of broad principles that should influence the planning,
development, management and use of equestrian opportunities in any location,
including Cardinia Shire:

Access and Accessibility
• To ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be
   affected by residential encroachment.
• To provide safe and convenient access to and from equestrian facilities for
   people on horseback and for people towing horse floats.

Balance with Diversity
• To achieve a balanced and diverse provision of equestrian opportunities
   appropriate to the needs of the community.
Community Involvement
•    To involve the horse riding community in the planning, design and management
     of equestrian facilities.
Environmental and Heritage Values
•    To ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas of relatively low environmental
     value.
•    To ensure that the type and level of equestrian activity proposed for a site is
     compatible with the long term environmental and heritage management of the
     values of the site.
•    To ensure the placement of equestrian facilities and trails, do not lead to long-
     term environmental problems or further degrade the environmental quality of an
     area.
Equity
•    To ensure that the horse riding community are treated fairly and equitably.
Information:
•    To ensure existing and potential users are well informed about existing
     equestrian opportunities and how they can be accessed and utilised.
Management and Administration:
•    To ensure management and maintenance of all equestrian facilities is well
     coordinated to achieve the best possible outcomes within the given resources.
Multiple Use:
•    To achieve the most efficient use of existing and future equestrian facilities by
     encouraging joint use where appropriate.
Quality:
•    To ensure that all equestrian facilities are attractively designed and comply with
     Australian standards appropriate to the level and type of use.



    EDAW                                                                       December 2000
                                                              Cardinia Shire Council

                                                             Equestrian Strategy


Safety and Liability:
•    To ensure that all equestrian facilities are located, designed and maintained to
     meet public safety standards.
•    To ensure the safety of the general public is considered when providing
     equestrian facilities in public use areas.




    EDAW                                                                   December 2000
                                                                    Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                  Equestrian Strategy




 4. EXISTING SITUATION – SHIRE OF CARDINIA

 4.1     Existing Relevant Planning and Other Provisions

 Supporting Document No 6 provides an overview of the content of the main reports
 and policies that affect equestrian and related issues. In summary:

Table 4.1 Reports Reviewed for the Cardinia Equestrian Strategy


 Shire of Pakenham :        This is a trail map with information relevant to horse riders.
 Horse Riding Trails.       Additional information includes safety advice (predominantly
                            general road safety) and a list of field notes in relation to
                            specific roads.


 Cardinia Shire Council –   This is a collection of 5 maps for the Upper Beaconsfield area
 Horse Riding Trails        and provides a guide to horse riders of available routes for
                            riding in the district. Each map has a description of where the
                            tracks begin, where they go and whether you need to be careful
                            while using the track.


 City of Casey : Horse      Includes plans and descriptions of existing equestrian facilities.
 Industry Needs Project :   Information is provided about the needs of the professional
 Draft Final Report         horse industry as well as the recreational horse industry.
 (August 1998)              Includes information about riding facilities in surrounding areas
                            such as Cardinia.


 Cardinia Shire Council :   Discusses potential uses for unused road reserves to provide
 Roadside Management        nature conservation wildlife corridors and a series of linked
 Plan                       walking or horse riding paths (where appropriate). Identifies
                            roadsides of high, medium and low conservation value and
                            appropriate use of these roadsides.




  EDAW                                                                             December 2000
                                                                      Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                     Equestrian Strategy




4.2     Existing Equestrian Opportunities

Existing equestrian opportunities identified through the inventory process are
outlined below and indicate a broad range of equestrian facilities in Cardinia,
although a lack of trails is apparent.

Outdoor Equestrian Facilities
Opportunity            Location       Facilities                     Used By
Josie Bysouth          Cockatoo       Dressage areas (2),            Cockatoo and District
Reserve                               corrals                        Pony Club
Kooweerup              Kooweerup      Riding arena, large fenced     Koo Wee Rup Horse
Recreation Reserve                    area, equipment shed           Riding Club
Huxtable Road          Pakenham       Riding arenas (3), cross       Pakenham Pony Club &
Horse Riding           Upper          country course                 Pak. Upper Riding Club
Reserve
Upper Beaconsfield     Upper          Dressage/jumping arenas        Upper Beaconsfield
Recreation Reserve     Beaconsfield   (3)                            Pony & Riding Clubs
Cannibal Creek         Garfield       Arenas (3), holding area,      West Gippsland Quarter
Reserve *              North          corral, cross country          Horse Association,
                                      course, bush trails, sheds     Cannibal Creek Pony
                                                                     Club
Catani Recreation      Catani         Holding area, open space,      Catani Dressage Club
Reserve                               shed
Bunyip Recreation      Bunyip         Horse riding arena             Gippsland Regional
Reserve                                                              Appaloosa Club
Lang Lang              Lang Lang      Practice area for show         Port Phillip Show
Showgrounds                           jumping                        Jumping Club
Reserve
Yarrabubba Horse       Nar Nar        Informal riding arenas (2),    Nar Nar Goon Riding
Riding Reserve         Goon Nth       open space, public toilets     Club & Nar Nar Goon
                                                                     Pony Club
Other Pony/Horse/Riding Clubs, Schools and Facilities
Name                               Location                      Associated Facilities
Berwick & District Dressage Club   Berwick                       Training, competition, social
                                                                 activities
Bunyip & District Pony Club        Pound Road, Bunyip
Byerley Equestrian Centre          McMullen Rd - Officer
Cannibal Creek Pony Club           Cannibal Creek                As identified (outdoor
                                   Reserve, Garfield North       facilities)
Catani Dressage Club               Catani Recreation             As identified (outdoor
                                   Reserve                       facilities)
Cockatoo & District Pony Club      Josie Bysouth Reserve         As identified (outdoor
                                                                 facilities)
Cockatoo & District Adult Riding   Josie Bysouth Reserve         As identified (outdoor
Club                                                             facilities)
Gembrook Riding Club               Gembrook                      Horse riding arena


 EDAW                                                                                 December 2000
                                                                  Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                 Equestrian Strategy


Gippsland Pleasure Harness         Narre Warren North        Pleasure & competition
Society                                                      driving
Gippsland Regional Appaloosa       Bunyip Recreation         As identified (outdoor
Club                               Reserve                   facilities)
Koo Wee Rup Horse Riding Club      Koo Wee Rup               As identified (outdoor
                                   Recreation Reserve        facilities)
Indoor Equestrian Centre           Drain Rd – Pakenham
                                   South
Light Horse Field Artillery Ass.   Nar Nar Goon              Museum of restored horse
                                                             drawn transport vehicles, &
                                                             wartime weapons &
                                                             equipment
Nar Nar Goon Pony Club             Yarrabubba Horse          As identified (outdoor
                                   Riding Reserve, NNG       facilities)
Nar Nar Goon Riding Club           Yarrabubba Horse          As identified (outdoor
                                   Riding Reserve, NNG       facilities)
Oberne Park                        Gembrook                  Riding lessons, horse
                                                             training, agistment
Officer Pony Club                  Brown Road, Officer       Open space, clubrooms
Pakenham Pony Club                 Huxtable Road Reserve,    As identified (outdoor
                                   Pakenham Upper            facilities)
Pakenham Upper Riding Club         Huxtable Road Reserve,    As identified (outdoor
                                   Pakenham Upper            facilities)
Pakenham Racecourse                Pakenham                  Racecourse and associated
                                                             facilities
Unnamed Reserve off Army Road      Pakenham                  Open space area
Port Phillip Show Jumping Club     Lang Lang                 As identified (outdoor
                                   Showgrounds               facilities)
Rolling Hill Park Horse Training   Upper Beaconsfield        Agistment, lessons, training
Centre
Sherbrooke Equestrian Park         Clematis                  Stables, agistment, trail rides,
                                                             lessons.
South Eastern Arabian Action
Club
Tonimbuk ARC                       Tonimbuk
Upper Beaconsfield Pony Club       Upper Beaconsfield        As identified (outdoor
                                   Recreation Reserve        facilities)
Upper Beaconsfield Riding Club     Upper Beaconsfield        As identified (outdoor
                                   Recreation Reserve        facilities)
Victorian Equestrian Centre        Upper Beaconsfield        Stables, show jump ring,
                                                             dressage arena, agistment,
                                                             lessons and competitions
Welsh Pony & Cob Society of        Pakenham
Australia
West Gippsland Quarter Horse       Cannibal Creek            As identified (outdoor
Association                        Reserve, Garfield North   facilities)
West Gippsland Stock Horse         Yarragon
Soc.




 EDAW                                                                             December 2000
                                                                       Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                      Equestrian Strategy




Major Agistment Areas
Location                           Street Name                    Comment
Beaconsfield Upper                 Split Rock Road,               Close to training facilities,
                                   Beaconsfield Emerald           trails & rural residential area
                                   Rd.
Region south of Princes Hwy,       Across the district            Rural/agricultural land with
especially Officer South,                                         existing and potential
Pakenham South, Koo Wee Rup                                       agistment dependent on
and Bayles                                                        agricultural needs.
Clematis                           Wellington Rd                  Sherbrooke Equestrian Park
Pakenham Upper                     Across the district            Rural residential area with
                                                                  scattered agistment.
Maryknoll / Tynong Nth             Across the district            Rural residential area with
                                                                  scattered agistment.
Other Destinations for Equestrian Users
Resource Name                 Location                            Comment
Chambers Reserve                   Pakenham Upper                 Trails around perimeter
Bunyip State Park & Kurth Kiln     Nth East corner of Shire       Existing Trails, Camping and
Regional Park                                                     Hitching areas.
Beaconsfield Flora & Fauna         Beaconsfield                   Access track to Akoonah
Reserve – East West Track                                         Park Equestrian Facility
                                                                  through Reserve
Critchley Parker Reserve           Upper Beaconsfield             Access from St Georges
                                                                  Road to High Street.
Open Space with potential for Equestrian Use             (Subject to negotiation with land manager)
Resource Name                 Location                            Comment
Hamilton Reserve*                  Beaconsfield Upper
Unnamed Reserve on Sydney          Beaconsfield Upper             Connects to Existing
Creek, near Fraser Ave and                                        Equestrian Trail
Knapton Ave*
Critchley Parker Junior Reserve*   Beaconsfield Upper             Existing wide trails/fire
                                                                  access through bushland.
Guys Hill Reserve*                 Guys Hill                      Potential for trails through
                                                                  bushland along Cardinia
                                                                  Creek.
Drainage Lines                     Kooweerup North, Cora          Potential for trails along
                                   Lynn, Pakenham South,          network of drains
                                   Bayles, Catani,

* These reserves have been identified as having significant environmental values
  and detailed investigation would be required to determine their suitability for
  equestrian use.

Supporting Document No 06 contains further information on documentation that
relates to equestrian issues in the Shire of Cardinia.




 EDAW                                                                                    December 2000
                                                                Cardinia Shire Council

                                                               Equestrian Strategy




4.3        Existing Equestrian Trails

Two main types of equestrian trails exist within Cardinia. The predominant trail type
is informal road and road verge trails. These trails follow roads of lower traffic
volume and where the verge is wide and clear enough riders favour using the verge
rather than the road. These trails are generally used for recreational leisure riding
and for riding to and from equestrian facilities. In some areas such as Upper
Beaconsfield these trails are sign posted with warning signs, however in many areas
they are unmarked and represent the natural desire lines of local riders. Due to the
rural nature of much of the Shire many of these trails are safe for riders, although
high speeds of vehicles on back roads is a safety concern.

The other trail type is tracks through bushland, such as in Kurth Kiln Park, Bunyip
State Park and a perimeter trail around Chamber’s Reserve. These trails mostly
follow informal vehicle tracks and allow for trail riding in a natural environment away
from cars and other hazards of the road. These trails are predominantly located in
the North of the shire, although some of the main drains in the south could be used
in a similar way. Other areas of bush managed by Parks Victoria, such as Wrights
Forest, have in the past been accessed by equestrian riders for free-riding, however
these now closed to this activity due to the need to protect significant environmental
values.

Opportunities exist within Cardinia for two further types of equestrian trail,
designated equestrian trails and multi-use trails. Designated equestrian trails are
trails set aside for equestrian only use and several examples can be found in the City
of Casey such as the one around Lysterfield Lake Park. Multi-use trails are a similar
concept to the previous trail type and also allow other uses such as cycling and
walking. This occurs informally within areas of Bunyip State Park and the like.

Due to the haphazard way that most trails within Cardinia have developed along
roads and road verges there is a great deal that can be done to improve the safety of
these trails. Provision of signs, suitable safety features, adequate space and
appropriate destinations will help to provide a safer and more useable equestrian
network within Cardinia.


4.4        Existing Issues

Key issues identified by the Agency workshop included:

•     Impact management – conflict between users.
•     Provision of agistment as development occurs with safe links to trails – horse
      groups to use appropriate places (environment and safety issues)
•     Role of council is to facilitate equestrian precincts
•     Councillors need to be involved and committed to the equestrian plan
•     Quantify how much land is required for formal and informal equestrian activities –
      importance of opportunities for non-sporting equestrian activities must be
      recognised.
•     Protection of areas of high heritage and environmental values.
•     Appropriate location of trails to minimise erosion and sedimentation of streams.



    EDAW                                                                      December 2000
                                                                  Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                 Equestrian Strategy


Key issues identified by the community consultation included:

•     A need to establish safe riding routes and educate riders and drivers,
•     The large distances users need to travel to equestrian facilities,
•     A need for a high standard competition ground to the east of Melbourne,
•     A need to promote existing trails,
•     The need to develop design guidelines and standards for equestrian trails.
•     The need to link existing trails to establish a network of trails.
•     Development of a hierarchy of trails and identification of priority trails.
•     Recognition that effective equestrian facilities/organisations need the space and
      funding for a wide range of elements, including: stables, exercise facilities,
      dressage area, trails, indoor areas, pleasure riding areas, cross country trails and
      working horse areas.
•     Improving the utilisation of some areas through shared use.
•     Identifying ways for horses to co-exist with urban areas.
•     The need to systematically address management of existing trails
•     The need for a traffic plan to address transport routes, road hierarchies and non-
      vehicular traffic in the context of greater traffic volumes and urbanisation.
•     The need to educate the equestrian community on the Code on Conduct.

Further issues relating to equestrian issues are highlighted by the reports
summarised in Supporting Document No 06, Information Review, Supporting
Document No 11, Summary of Consultation and Supporting Document No 08
Agency and Workshop Outcomes.


4.5        Equestrian Economic Value

A 1997 survey of participation trends in sport and physical activity by the Australian
Bureau of Statistics found that horse riding was the most expensive organized sport
or physical activity with the average annual expenditure per person being $1,833.

This expenditure has a flow on effect to the surrounding district generating business
and jobs. Associated flow on business opportunities include:

•     Agistment fees to land owners
•     Saddleries
•     Equipment Manufacturers
•     Stock Feed Suppliers
•     Fodder Growers
•     Veterinarians
•     Horse Dentists
•     Farriers / Blacksmiths
•     Float Builders
•     Fencing Contractors
•     Horse Transporters
•     Earthworks Contractors – Dams
•     Plumbers
•     Builders




    EDAW                                                                        December 2000
                                                                Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy


Based on an estimated 3560 recreational horse riders in the municipality (Refer
below), the direct economic contribution by the recreational equestrian users is
$6,525,500. This figure does not include the professional horseracing industry nor
multiplier effects. (South East Development are currently undertaking an assessment
into employment and training of the horse industry in the South East Region.)


4.6     Expressed and Anticipated Demand

Based on a household survey conducted in May 2000, JEAVONS Recreation &
Tourism Planners have provided the following current, potential and projected
participation numbers for equestrian sport and leisure activities.

                                          2000           2011
Equestrian leisure participation          1874           2518
Potential equestrian participants         880            1178
Equestrian sports participation           1685           2353
Total (excluding potential)               3559           4871


The household survey conducted in May 2000 was a self administered questionnaire
distributed by reply paid mail. 1500 households were sampled in Cardinia netting 278
responses. These responses enabled the calculation of the above equestrian
participation figures and the extrapolation of the following information regarding
demand for equestrian facilities. Due to the low response rate there may be some
variation between calculated and actual use.

17 people said they regularly participated in horse riding or equestrian activities away
from   home.      These     ranked     8th     after   Walking,    Golf,     Swimming,
Gym/Aerobics/Weights, Fishing, Bushwalking, and Bike riding/cycling.

Less than one percent of males said they would like to ride horses but don’t, and
approximately 5% of females (a total of 6 people) who would like to do activities but
can’t said they would like to go horse riding. The main reasons for not horse riding
were: facilities are too far away, and expense.

Equestrian facilities ranked 20th in relation to the use of a range of other recreation
facility and open space types. 38 people used equestrian facilities, amounting to 44
visits per month.

Approximately 3% of male and 8% of females said they participated in equestrian
activities as a sport.

Equestrian facilities/ trails were ranked 11th highest in terms of the highest priority
facility people thought was required if funds became available.

A network of high quality equestrian trails was ranked last – in terms of their
Importance (compared to a given range of services listed for respondents).
                                                         th
A network of high quality equestrian trails was ranked 10 out of 14 in terms of how
well Council is performing the service. The gap between the two was the lowest of
any service – suggesting that respondents consider there to be other services which


 EDAW                                                                         December 2000
                                                                Cardinia Shire Council

                                                               Equestrian Strategy


are more important that Council needs focus on before addressing equestrian
facilities.

Respondents were asked how council could make their leisure more fulfilling.
“Provision of safe equestrian trails” was listed below 7 other things such as an
aquatic centre, improved facilities and access, safe walking tracks, more safe bike
tracks and better maintenance/ rubbish removal.


After consideration of the information available from various reports, the focused
Council consultation and field observations, it is the consultant’s professional
judgement that the following factors should be considered in forward planning the
Shire of Cardinia:

• projected population growth across the Shire is currently at about 2% per annum
  and by the year 2010 it is expected to be 5% per annum. However in the ‘growth
  corridor’ from Beaconsfield through to Pakenham the population growth rate is
  currently at 10% per annum.
• coordination of government agencies in regard to provision for, and use of, land
  by equestrian groups.
• identifying, preserving and incorporating future trails and linkages into
  development planning throughout the growth corridor.
• adoption of a safe riding policy that aims to establish safe riding conditions
  through provision of trails, rider and driver education, safe roadside routes and
  well maintained facilities.

Given these factors and the existing facility supply considerations’ it is anticipated
that the greatest demand in the Shire of Cardinia over the next 5-10 years will be for:

•    adequate* provision and reservation of agistment space and equestrian facilities
     for projected populations in the growth corridor.
•    ensuring existing and future equestrian trails are not compromised by urban
     development in the growth corridor and around townships.
•    Increased safety and security for current on-road equestrian users as traffic
     volumes increase.
•    adequate* and well located facilities to serve future demand,
•    provision of a quality competition and recreational facility to the east of
     Melbourne, bearing in mind the large number of private facilities,
•    development of guidelines and standards for suitable trails, in relation to
     provision, maintenance, environmental impact, materials, width, proximity to
     roads, etc..,
•    resolution of conflicts with environmentalists to provide for environmentally
     sensitive use of environmental areas.
•    establishment of safe off-road trails connecting open space areas.

* Adequate refers to the provision of facilities being able to meet the demand for
safely accessible facilities. With 9 public facilities, free-riding destinations and
numerous private facilities at present, there is generally adequate provision of
equestrian facilities within Cardinia. The survey results support this through the
respondent’s low ranking of equestrian facilities as a council priority action. There is
however greater need for stronger and safer linkages between agistment areas,
equestrian facilities and free-riding areas.


    EDAW                                                                      December 2000
                                                               Cardinia Shire Council

                                                              Equestrian Strategy



Projected demand to 2011 is for an increase of 1300 recreational equestrian users.
With rapid growth in the ‘growth corridor’ between Beaconsfield and Pakenham this
region is the likely location of many of these future riders. This area has few closely
accessible recreational equestrian facilities and attention will need to be given to
ensure that a supply of safe riding and agistment areas continues to match the
demands of the growing population in this region. Maintaining safe linkages in this
region will also become increasingly important as development encroaches on
existing trails and agistment areas.




 EDAW                                                                        December 2000
                                                                  Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                Equestrian Strategy




5 EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY – SHIRE OF CARDINIA

5.1     Introduction

This Strategy has general application to the whole of the Shire of Cardinia, with
particular emphasis given to meeting the equestrian needs of existing and
anticipated rural residential populations. The strategy is designed to:

• provide a clear vision and direction regarding the purpose, provision, development
  priorities, management and use of all equestrian facilities, and
• provide direction regarding priority actions necessary to achieve the vision over
  the next 5-10 years.

This strategy is comprised of:

•     a vision for equestrian facilities within the Shire of Cardinia,
•     broad strategies that will form the basis of an action plan, and
•     an action plan, providing details of tasks under each strategy area and including
      timing and responsibility for each action.

The broad strategies represent the primary intentions or objectives of the Council in
relation to the future provision of horse and pony riding facilities in the Shire of
Cardinia.

The action plan provides a practical means by which Council, and other providers,
can budget for and implement tangible improvements towards the achievement of
the broad strategies relevant for planning and managing the provision of horse and
pony riding facilities in Cardinia.


5.2        The Equestrian Vision

Cardinia equestrian groups desire meaningful partnerships between users and
Council in planning and developing a series of quality public equestrian activity areas
and trails that:
   Cater for a variety of equestrian activities, irrespective of a person’s ability or age
   Feed into a series of safe, interconnected horse trails, road verges and precincts,
   which connect to the wider regional network
   Can be effectively managed and maintained,
   Are integrated and coordinated with other council strategies.
   Reinforce the importance of the equine industry to the Shire, and Cardinia as a
   horse friendly Shire , and
   Are accurately mapped and promoted




    EDAW                                                                        December 2000
                                                                        Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                       Equestrian Strategy




5.3     Broad Equestrian Strategies

10. Improve the range of opportunities for equestrian use in the Shire of Cardinia
11. Improve safety for equestrian users in the Shire of Cardinia
12. Develop a safe and interconnected network of equestrian trails and facilities
13. Ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be affected by
    residential encroachment
14. Consolidate and enhance equestrian club facilities
15. Improve access to some natural areas for managed equestrian riding (requires
    negotiation with relevant land manager).
16. Ensure equestrian riding facilities and activities are appropriately planned and
    managed to protect environmental and heritage values.
17. Involve the equestrian riding community in the design and management of
    equestrian facilities.
18. Increase awareness of equestrian use in the general community.


5.4     Action Plan

Actions in this strategy relate specifically to equestrian trails and facilities. Further
information regarding actions for multi-use trails and an open space network can be
found in Cardinia Shire Recreational Open Space Strategy.

Actions have been given a level of priority to highlight the importance of each action
to the achievement of the Equestrian Vision and to indicate a desired timeframe for
the completion of each action as follows:

Very High Priority        - 0-3 years
High Priority             - 4-6 years
Medium Priority           - 7-9 years
Low Priority              - 10 years and greater

The following actions indicate the level of priority and nominate the authority
responsible for the action.

The first action to be undertaken is the preparation of an implementation program
where the project actions are to be scoped and costed.

5.4.1    Strategy 1: Improve the range of opportunities for equestrian use in the
         Shire of Cardinia
Action                                                              Responsibility   Priority
1. Establish a linked network to connect existing equestrian        Cardinia Shire   Very
    opportunities including trails, clubs, agistment areas,                          High
    training areas, etc, within Cardinia
2. Undertake further detailed investigations, as required, to       Cardinia Shire   Very
    identify the most suitable existing equestrian facilities for   Community        High
    inclusion in a linked network of equestrian opportunities.
3. Market the range of equestrian opportunities to residents        Cardinia Shire   Very
    in conjunction with equestrian groups.                          Community        High
4. Undertake further detailed investigations to identify            Cardinia Shire   Medium
    specific needs relevant to the provision of facilities for      Community


 EDAW                                                                                December 2000
                                                                        Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                       Equestrian Strategy


Action                                                              Responsibility    Priority
    competitive and recreational horse riding activities, eg.
    Dressage, show jumping, cross country, and riding for the
    disabled.


5.4.2   Strategy 2: Improve safety for equestrian users in the Shire of Cardinia
Action                                                              Responsibility    Priority
1. Erect suitable signage to warn of equestrian use in the          Cardinia Shire    Very
    vicinity of equestrian facilities, key riding areas and along                     High
    the Primary Trail Network (PTN).
2. Where possible, erect appropriate separation barriers            Cardinia Shire    High
    along the edges of roads forming part of the PTN.               Vic Roads
3. Where possible, widen or realign road verges along roads         Cardinia Shire    High
    forming part of the PTN, particularly in the vicinity of        Vic Roads
    equestrian clubs and other key riding areas.
4. Liaise with Council and Vic Roads to ensure future road          Cardinia Shire    Very
    easements and alterations are planned, managed, sign            Vic Roads         High
    posted and make allowance, where appropriate, for               Community         (ongoing)
    equestrian use
5. Investigate the feasibility of reducing traffic speeds on        Cardinia Shire    High   –
    roads in the vicinity of equestrian facilities and key riding   Vic Roads         Medium
    areas, similar to school zones.
6. Where possible, install caverletties to prevent motorbikes       Cardinia Shire    High
    from access in the trail network.



5.4.3   Strategy 3: Develop a safe and interconnected network of equestrian
        trails and facilities
Action                                                              Responsibility    Priority
1. Adopt the Priority Trail Network (PTN) outlined in section       Cardinia Shire    Very
    5.5 & Figure 5.1 and produce an action plan for                 Community         High
    implementation of this network.
2. Audit, and where necessary, improve existing trials along        Cardinia Shire    Very
    the PTN to ensure their safety for equestrian users.                              High
3. Identify ‘desire’ routes and destinations of equestrian          Cardinia Shire    High
    users to determine their safety and identify potential          Equestrian
    alternatives and/or linkages to the PTN.                        Clubs
4. Investigate potential for development of equestrian or           Cardinia Shire,   High
    multi-use trails along waterways, drain lines and other         Melb. Water
    open space networks identified by the Cardinia
    Recreational Open Space Strategy. (Where possible,
    trails should be set back 30m from watercourses.
    Potential trails should be negotiated with relevant land
    manager).
5. Investigate opportunities for use of Bunyip Main Race as         Cardinia Shire,   Very
    a major East West equestrian/bicycle/walking route              Melb. Water       High
6. Investigate trail opportunities in East Central Precinct (ie.    Cardinia Shire    High
    linkage between Garfield & Bunyip)
7. Integrate Cardinia into broader regional trail networks and      Cardinia Shire,   Medium
    facilities by investigating and developing multi-use trails     Melb Water,
    along Cardinia Creek, Bunyip River/Main Race, Toomuc            Vic Roads,
    Creek, Puffing Billy easement and maintaining access to         City of Casey
    Akoonah Park and Macclesfield Pony Club. (refer to              Shire of Upper
    Recreational Open Space Strategy)                               Yarra
8. Identify and set aside locations for future facilities along     Cardinia Shire    Medium


 EDAW                                                                                 December 2000
                                                                         Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                        Equestrian Strategy


Action                                                               Responsibility     Priority
    existing or proposed PTN


5.4.4    Strategy 4: Ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are
         likely to be managed for long term equestrian activity
Action                                                               Responsibility     Priority
1. Where possible, protect areas with existing equestrian            Cardinia Shire     High
    facilities from urban encroachment and/or identify               Community
    alternative locations for such facilities to serve the current
    users to a similar or improved level.
2. Where equestrian trails, as part of the PTN, pass through         Cardinia Shire     High
    areas of potential residential development, ensure the
    long term viability of that trail.
3. Calculate projected equestrian use for areas that are             Cardinia Shire     Medium
    likely to support equestrian use into the long-term future
    and ensure provision of adequate facilities in these areas.
4. Ensure that any future equestrian facilities are not in           Cardinia Shire     Medium
    future residential development areas.                            Community


5.4.5    Strategy 5: Consolidate and enhance equestrian club facilities
1. Action                                                            Responsibility     Priority
2. Ensure appropriate planning provisions provide for                Cardinia Shire     High
   agistment within close proximity to equestrian clubs,
   where needed and where possible.
3. Encourage equestrian clubs to increase the use of                 Cardinia Shire     High
   reserves they occupy by developing, with them, provisions         Equestrian
   for use by non-club members, casual hirers and other              Clubs
   groups (in consultation with Council).
4. Ensure that future reviews of council owned Equestrian            Cardinia Shire     High
   Reserves investigate the issues of access and multi-use
5. Assist and encourage equestrian clubs and committees to           Cardinia Shire     High
   produce management plans, especially for council owned            Equestrian
   reserves.                                                         Clubs
6. Upgrade equestrian facilities at Josie Bysouth Reserve to         Cardinia Shire     Medium
   district level Horse Riding Arena as identified by Cardinia
   Shire Recreation Plan.
7. Upgrade Yarrabubba Riding Reserve to enable year-                 Cardinia Shire &   Very
   round use                                                         Committee of       High   –
                                                                     Management         High
8. Assist existing equestrian clubs in areas, which are likely       Cardinia Shire     Medium
    to become increasingly urbanised, to establish physical          Equestrian
    and visual buffers around their site through tree planting.      Clubs
9. In the eventuality of an existing equestrian club being           Cardinia Shire     Low
    severely “built out” or restricted through encroachment of       Equestrian
    urban development, encourage the equestrian club to              Clubs
    merge with another suitable equestrian club, or assist the
    club to relocate to a more suitable site.
10. Undertake detailed investigation to identify land within         Cardinia Shire     Medium
    close proximity to equestrian clubs, which could be used
    for horse agistment.


5.4.6    Strategy 6: Improve access to some natural areas for managed
         equestrian riding.
Action                                                               Responsibility     Priority


 EDAW                                                                                   December 2000
                                                                        Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                       Equestrian Strategy


Action                                                              Responsibility   Priority
1. Liase with other relevant land management agencies to            Cardinia Shire   Very
    determine potential to utilise non-Shire of Cardinia            Parks Victoria   High     –
    bushland areas for equestrian use.                              NRE              High
2. Undertake investigation to determine which non-urban             Cardinia Shire   Medium
    areas within Cardinia Shire could potentially be used for       Parks Victoria
    managed equestrian riding.                                      NRE
3. Investigate the feasibility of including managed trail rides     Cardinia Shire   Low
    in non-urban areas, with a view of educating existing and       Parks Victoria
    potential users in relation to the appropriate conduct in       NRE
    non-urban areas, as well as increasing community
    awareness of existing riding opportunities in Cardinia.
     (NB: For areas of remnant native vegetation, negotiation
     with the relevant land manager should occur, following
     an investigation of potential environmental impacts.)


5.4.7   Strategy 7: Ensure equestrian riding facilities and activities are
        appropriately planned and managed to protect environmental values.
Action                                                              Responsibility   Priority
1. Review Councils internal processes concerning                    Cardinia Shire   Very
    specifying, budgeting and actioning maintenance of road                          High
    verges, trails and facilities used by equestrians.
2. Establish regular contact between users and managers of          Cardinia Shire   Very
    environmentally sensitive sites, in the form of information     Community        High
    sharing sessions, to exchange information                       Parks Victoria
3. Ensure that all trail facilities in natural areas are designed   Cardinia Shire   High
    and managed in accordance with the recommended
    Facility Design and Management Guidelines (and do not
    compromise existing environmental values).
4. Ensure that trail proposals for natural areas are                Cardinia Shire   High
    investigated for their compliance with other relevant
    Council and Government documents
5. Regularly monitor for impacts of horse and pony riding in        Cardinia Shire   High
    natural areas and address accordingly (ie erosion, weed                          (ongoing)
    growth and other deterioration)
6. Identify key individual contacts in both agencies and            Cardinia Shire   Very
    equestrian groups to aid in communication and                   Community        High
    dissemination of information.                                   Parks Victoria
7. Devise an equestrian trails and facilities maintenance           Cardinia Shire   Very
    regime, budget and schedule, in conjunction with riders         Community        High
    that determines the nature of maintenance work, timing          Equestrian
    and responsibilities of council, committees of                  Clubs
    management and riders.
8. Encourage representatives of the equestrian community            Council          Very
   to work closely with Council and environmental groups to                          High
   come up with solutions to conflicts in key areas with high
   environmental values.
9. Ensure rapid responses from site managers when reports           Cardinia Shire   Very
   of damage are received.                                          Parks Victoria   High
                                                                                     (ongoing)
10. Establish an equestrian email discussion group to aid           Cardinia Shire   Medium
    dialogue between planners and users                             Equestrians,
                                                                    volunteers




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                                                                     Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                    Equestrian Strategy




5.4.8   Strategy 8: Involve the equestrian community in the design and
        management of equestrian facilities.
Action                                                           Responsibility   Priority
1. Consult with the equestrian (and environment) community       Cardinia Shire   Very
    to refine the recommended Facility Design and                Community        High
    Management Guidelines.
2. Involve horse and pony riders in the design (including        Cardinia Shire   Very
    siting) of horse and pony trails.                            Community        High
3. Encourage the horse and pony riding community to take         Community        Very
    an active role in the ongoing management and                                  High       –
    maintenance of facilities, including trails.                                  High
4. In consultation with the recreational equestrian              Cardinia Shire   Very
    community, develop a Code of conduct for equestrian use      Community        High       –
    in the Shire of Cardinia. (This should cover areas such                       High
    issues as rider conduct in natural areas, preferred
    management practice on equestrian club sites, and
    utilising codes which are currently in operation elsewhere
    in Australia. The code should also address the
    procedures of reporting environmental degradation and
    the appropriate response.
5. Encourage and assist broadening the range of                  Cardinia Shire   High
    representation on the Cardinia Shire Equestrian              Community
    Committee so as to include a range of community,             Vic Roads
    Council and other government representatives (eg Vic
    Roads, Sport and Recreation, Natural Resources and
    Environment), to advance the implementation of this
    planning framework as well as other equestrian issues
    and concerns at they arise.
6. Continue to involve local residents in the process of         Cardinia Shire   Very
    identifying and documenting key links, and “black spots”     Equestrians,     High
    for horse riders, and work toward rectifying these issues.   volunteers       (ongoing)


5.4.9   Strategy 9: Increase awareness of equestrian use in the general
        community.
Action                                                           Responsibility   Priority
1. Market the existing equestrian trails, clubs and              Cardinia Shire   High
    opportunities including events in the Shire, and ensure      Community
    facilities and contacts for clubs and groups are listed in   Equestrian
    Council directories.                                         Clubs
2. Encourage members of the equestrian community to              Cardinia Shire   Very
    prepare articles and promotional material for inclusion in   Community        High
    various Council publications, such as the rates notices,                      (ongoing)
    newsletters & the local newspaper.
3. Liase with Vic Roads to identify ways to increase motorist    Vic Roads        Medium
    awareness of the rules and regulations governing horse
    and pony riding on roads, such as, information brochures
    mailed out with licence or registration renewal notices,
    specific questions on learners test, etc.
4. Prepare an Equestrian Riding booklet and website for the      Cardinia Shire   High   -
    Shire of Cardinia with information on existing               Community        Medium
    organisations, existing facilities, the Equestrian Code of   Equestrian
    Conduct, road and traffic regulations and other relevant     Clubs
    information.




 EDAW                                                                             December 2000
                                                                   Cardinia Shire Council

                                                                  Equestrian Strategy




5.5     Primary Trail Network

As previously discussed, the predominant trail type within the municipality is informal
roads and road verges. At present, there are only a few trails that are formally
recognised, despite the extensive number of roads / road verges that are used by
recreational equestrian riders. This issue makes it difficult for Council and the
Cardinia Equestrian Committee to address safety and maintenance issues on such
trails.

In order to implement the Cardinia Shire Equestrian Strategy and the associated
priority actions, the main trails or ‘primary network’ used by recreational equestrian
riders had to firstly be identified. The identification of these trails was undertaken at
a series of meetings in October 2000 with representatives from the equestrian
community.

Criteria used in determining the Primary Trail Network (PTN) include:
• High usage
• Linkage to equestrian facilities and popular destination points
• Avoidance of roadsides with high environmental significance
• Use of existing trails and unused roads
• Linkages between townships and provision of circuits
• Avoidance of dangerous roads (high traffic volume / speed roads)

The Primary Trail Network is represented in Figures 5.1 and 5.2 and will assist
Council and the Cardinia Equestrian Committee in directing funding towards the
maintenance of these trails, improving the safety of riders and promoting the trail
network to the wider community.

The proposed Primary Trail Network does not intend to preclude equestrian activity
on other trails that are currently used, however will encourage equestrian traffic away
from less appropriate trails. Council will not maintain or provide signage for trails
outside the Primary Trail Network unless for safety reasons and only then at Council
discretion.


Maintenance and Works for Primary Trail Network

In order to implement the priority actions identified in this strategy, Council will firstly
undertake an audit of the ‘primary trails’ and develop a schedule to implement the
necessary works (urgent works to long term / major developments).

Such works will include the erection of signs warning motorists of equestrian activity,
directional signs for horse riders, promotional information advising of the trail network
and the installation of caverletties to prevent motorbike from accessing the trail
network.

Council in conjunction with the Cardinia Equestrian Committee will be required to
maintain these trails and will prioritise works in areas where there are sealed roads
and the roads carry high speed and high volume vehicle traffic. Such works will be
carried out using the ‘Suggested Trail Design Guidelines’ (Appendix 3).



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                                    Cardinia Shire Council

                                    Equestrian Strategy



Figure 5.1: Primary Trail Network




 EDAW                                            December 2000
                                              Cardinia Shire Council

                                              Equestrian Strategy



Figure 5.2: Detail of Primary Trail Network




EDAW                                                       December 2000
                                    Cardinia Shire Council

                                    Equestrian Strategy



Figure 5.3: Equestrian Facilities




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                                                         Cardinia Shire Council

                                                        Equestrian Strategy




6 STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW

Following the adoption of the Cardinia Shire Equestrian Strategy, the following
implementation plan will be followed:

   Formalisation of Code of Conduct
   Formalisation of Trail Design Guidelines
   Annual review and fine-tuning; and
   Major review in 2006.




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                                                            Cardinia Shire Council

                                                           Equestrian Strategy




APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY OF COMMONLY USED TERMS AND
ABBREVIATIONS
Term             Definition
Agistment area   Land primarily used for holding horses. The horses can either be
                 those of the landowner or of another person who pays the
                 landowner a fee for the privilege of keeping the horse on the
                 land. Many agistment properties have facilities such as stabling,
                 lunging rings and cavaletis.
Council          Cardinia Shire Council
Cross Country    Cross country tests a rider's ability to combine speed with
                 accuracy and endurance over an outdoor course composed of
                 fixed jumps.
Dressage         The term dressage is derived from a French word meaning to
                 “train” or “straighten out”. Dressage is a method of training that
                 develops a horse’s physique and suppleness through gymnastic
                 exercises. It also improves a horse’s three natural gaits (ie the
                 walk, the trot and the canter), making it a pleasure to ride.

                 The gymnastic exercises are a series of movements and figures,
                 which have been studied and developed over centuries. These
                 exercises cause the horse to be supple on both sides and to
                 respond willingly and obediently, moving freely forward with pure
                 gaits and an even tempo.

                 The objectives of dressage are twofold:
                    To train a horse so that its temperament and aptitude
                    virtually match the rider’s; and
                    To improve the horse’s ability to provide propulsion by
                    training it to transfer all weight to its hind legs.

                 Dressage has long been a competitive sport. It became an
                 Olympic sport in 1912. All dressage competition takes place in a
                 rectangular arena, ranging from 20m x 40m (small size) to 20m x
                 60m (standard size). All movements and figures must be
                 performed in precise relation to a set of points or markers placed
                 at specific points along the outer rails of the arena.

                 (source: United States Dressage Federation web site –
                 www.usdf.org)

Endurance        Endurance riding is a modern alternative to the regimented
Riding           forms of equestrian disciplines, with a freedom in dress,
                 behaviour and riding attitudes.

                 (source: Australian Endurance Riders Association Inc web site –
                 www.aera.asn.au)
Environment      For the purposes of environmental impact assessment, the
                 meaning of environment incorporates physical, biological,
                 cultural, economic and social factors.
Eventing         Eventing refers to a three-day event that tests the skills of both


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                                                            Cardinia Shire Council

                                                          Equestrian Strategy


Term            Definition
                rider and mount. Eventing combines the elegance of dressage
                The first day is generally devoted to dressage, the second day is
                generally devoted to a combined steeplechase and cross
                country gallop separated by road sections, and the third day is
                devoted to show jumping.

                It is described as a combination of the elegance of dressage, the
                precision of show jumping and the challenge of cross country
                with the practical knowledge of stable management.

                 (source: www.jpc-india.com)
Gymkhana        An event based on the main disciplines of horse riding such as
                dressage and jumping but with additional novelty activities added
                for younger riders.
Management      A written scheme of operations proposed in order to achieve
Plan            stated objectives for management, which can be monitored over
                time.
Mounted Games   Mounted Games encourage young riders to train their ponies to
                be obedient and themselves to become active and practical
                horse people who compete with a sense of enthusiasm and
                team spirit. The games are a series of challenging relay-type
                events that test a rider's speed, balance and coordination. These
                competitions are generally open to pony clubbers 15 years of
                age and under, though some organizations offer a masters
                division for members over 16.
Natural Areas   Those parts of the landscape which are covered by vegetation
                and show little evidence of human development
Polocrosse      Polocrosse is an outdoor mounted team sport based on two
                teams of 6 players, 3 of whom play in a period, called a chukka.
                The aim is to score the highest number of goals, using a ball
                roughly the size of a tennis ball and a stick with a shallow net at
                the end.

                Polocrosse takes place on a rectangular field of approximately
                60 yards x 160 yards, comprising 30 yard long scoring areas at
                both ends, and a central area of 100 yards. Goal posts are
                located at each end of the field. The polocrosse season in
                Victoria usually runs between December and April each year.

                Polocrosse draws from such diverse sports as polo, lacrosse,
                and hockey. It brings out the physical and mental best of its
                human and equine players.

                (source: www.ausport.gov.au/polox)

Pony Club       Pony club provides an opportunity for horse riding instruction
                and competition for children and young adults up 21 years of
                age. The term pony reflects the age of the participants, not the
                size of the mount.

                The internationally accepted purpose of pony club is clearly set
                out in the following Mission Statement:

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                                                           Cardinia Shire Council

                                                          Equestrian Strategy


Term           Definition
               "To develop competent and knowledgeable young horse persons
               who combine enjoyment, responsibility, sportsmanship and good
               citizenship with the pursuit of various equestrian activities."

               Horse riding skills provided by pony clubs include dressage,
               cross-country, show jumping, mounted games, tetrathlon,
               vaulting and polocrosse. Other related skills include feeding,
               shoeing, veterinary care, and general horse management.

               (source: www.ponyclub.ca)
Show Jumping   Show jumping tests a rider's ability to combine speed with
               accuracy over a stadium course composed of knockdown jumps.

                (source: www.ponyclub.ca)
Tetrathlon     Tetrathlon encourages, promotes and develops interest in
               horses and horsemanship by combining riding with other athletic
               activities. It involves four disciplines - riding, running, swimming
               and shooting. Tetrathlon teams are comprised of novice, junior
               and senior riders.

               (source: www.ponyclub.ca, www.ponyclub.org)
Trail Riding   Trail riding is a recreational form of equestrian activity, with a
               freedom in dress, behaviour and riding attitudes. Trail riding
               opportunities range from short trips along suburban trails to
               extended rides through backcountry areas including overnight
               stays and camping.




 EDAW                                                                    December 2000
                                                              Cardinia Shire Council

                                                              Equestrian Strategy




APPENDIX 2: SUGGESTED ELEMENTS OF AN EQUESTRIAN
CODE OF CONDUCT

These suggestions are taken from various sources including:

Tread Lightly!’s Tips for Responsible Horseback Riding. http://www.treadvic.org.au/
Leave No Trace, Outdoor Skills and Ethics, developed by the National Outdoor
Leadership School

Ride with minimal impact
• Stay on established trails and routes and other areas open for horse use. Be
   aware of prohibited areas.
• Taking shortcuts can destroy vegetation and cause erosion, as well as leading
   others to use the unauthorised route
• Avoid riding through sensitive areas such as wetlands, marshes and foreshore
   environments, next to watercourses and on trail showing signs of erosion
• Prevent the introduction of environmental weeds. Ensure your horse feeds on
   paddocks or is given hay that does not contain weeds, otherwise weed seeds
   could be spread throughout the municipality (otherwise the collection of horse
   dropping should be considered in environmentally sensitive areas)

Respect the Environment and the Rights of Others
• Respect and be courteous to others who want to enjoy the lands you are
   enjoying
• Remember conservation areas are reserved for preservation of natural systems
   and low impact use and enjoyment
• Be considerate and honour others desires for a peaceful outdoor experience
• When riding, be especially cautious around hikers and bike riders.

Educate Yourself, Plan and Prepare Before You Go
• Check with the land management agency for permit or use requirements
• If you will be using private property contact the land owner(s) for permission.
• If possible do not shoe horses prior to a ride in erosion prone areas, as new
   shoes cut into the ground more than worn ones.
• Check the weather forecast and conditions before you leave and plan
   appropriately

Allow for Future Use of the Outdoors, Leave it Better than you Found it.
• Whenever possible, use existing campsites designated for horses. Camp on
    durable surfaces and place tents on a non-vegetated area. Do not dig tranches
    around tents.
• Camp at least 70 metres from water and trails.
• Hold horses 70 metres from lakes, streams, huts and camping areas.
• Avoid damage to vegetation when tethering your horse. Do not tie horses to
    trees, small limbs, saplings or shrubs. Use a highline for tethering.
• Use yards, paddocks or hitching rails where provided.
• The greater the confinement of tethered or grazing horses, the greater the
    impact will be, options to reduce impact include hobbles, portable electric fences
    or a two rope corral on firm ground.


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                                                             Cardinia Shire Council

                                                            Equestrian Strategy


•    Report lost horses immediately
•    Observe all fire restrictions.
•    For campfires use only fallen timber, Gather firewood well away from your camp.
     Do not cut down trees.
•    Ensure that fires are completely extinguished.
•    Leave your surroundings as you found them, or better.
•    Carry out what you carry in. Don’t burn or bury rubbish.
•    Watering horses at an established ford or low rocky spot in a stream bank will
     reduce trampling, bank erosion and pollution associated with marshy areas,
     stream banks, ponds and lake edges.

Discover the Rewards of Responsible Recreation
• Help preserve the beauty and inspiring attributes of the great outdoors for
   yourself and generations to come by riding responsibly.
• Do all you can to protect the forests, parks, landscapes and waters that mean so
   much to you.

Principles of Leave No Trace
• Plan ahead and prepare before you go
• Minimise horse impact
• In popular areas, concentrate use
• In remote places, spread use
• Avoid places where impact is just beginning
• Use campfires responsibility
• Pack it in, pack it out
• Properly dispose of what you cannot pack out
• Be considerate of others
• Leave what you find

Tread Lightly!’s Principles
• Travel and recreate with minimum impact
• Respect the environment and the rights of others
• Educate yourself, plan and prepare before you go
• Allow for future use of the outdoors
• Discover the rewards of responsible recreation




    EDAW                                                                   December 2000
                                     Cardinia Shire Council

                                    Equestrian Strategy




APPENDIX 3: SUGGESTED TRAIL DESIGN GUIDELINES




EDAW                                              December 2000

				
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