Casey Equestrian Report Final Draft

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					  City of Casey


    Final Draft
Equestrian Strategy




      Prepared by:



  EDAW (Aust) Pty Ltd
    1/590 Orrong Road
  Armadale Victoria 3143

            &




      October 2000
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS....................................................................................................1

1.     INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................2
     1.1     THE STUDY AREAS.................................................................................................2
     1.2     PROJECT OBJECTIV ES AND SCOPE.............................................................................2
     1.3     PROJECT METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................2
     1.4     REPORT STRUCTURE...............................................................................................3
2.     REGIONAL CONTEXT ................................................................................................4

3.     GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PROVISION OF EQUESTRIAN OPPORTUNITIES .............6

4.     EXISTING SITUATION – CITY OF CASEY ...................................................................7
     4.1     REVIEW OF EXISTING PLANNING STUDIES AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION ........................7
     4.2     EXISTING EQUESTRIAN OPPORTUNITIES .......................................................................7
     4.3     EXISTING ISSUES....................................................................................................7
     4.4     EQUESTRIAN ECONOMIC VALUE ................................................................................8
     4.5     ANTICIPATED DEMAND .............................................................................................9
5.     EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY - CITY OF CASEY............................................................. 11
     5.1     INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................... 11
     5.2     THE EQUESTRIAN VISION........................................................................................ 11
     5.3     BROAD EQUESTRIAN STRATEGIES ........................................................................... 11
     5.4     ACTION PLAN...................................................................................................... 12
6.     STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW .......................................................... 21

APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY OF COMMONLY USED TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ........... 22

APPENDIX 2:               PROCESS OVERVIEW – EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY FOR CASEY......... 25

APPENDIX 3:               REPORTS REVIEWED FOR THE CASEY EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY..... 26

APPENDIX 4:               EXISTING EQUESTRIAN FACILITIES ................................................. 27

APPENDIX 5:              SUGGESTED ELEMENTS OF AN EQUESTRIAN CODE OF CONDUCT... 30

APPENDIX 6:                  TYPICAL TRAIL DETAILS AND INDICATIVE COSTS........................ 32



WORKING DOCUMENTS
3. WORKSHOP – ADVISORY OUTCOMES
4. INFORMATION REVIEW
6. WORKSHOP – AGENCY AND COMMUNITY OUTCOMES
7. GLOSSARY OF OPEN SPACE TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
8. SITUATION ANALYSIS
                                                                       City of Casey

                                                            Equestrian Strategy




ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
City of Casey:
Cr Norma McCausland, Greg Bursill, Russell Hopkins, Steven McGrath.

Advisory Committee:
Michael Bragge, Jill Burnes, John Stewart Michael John Counsell, Gayle Joyce,
Penelope Ward.

Agency Committee:
Parks Victoria - Frances Horsley, Franca DeLuca, Lisa Court, John Goodman
Melb. Water - Mal Brown, Scott Seymour. Graham Daff, Denis Bonello, Angela Nott
Dept. of Natural Resources and Environment - David Grace
Dept. Sport and Recreation - Brendan Sheehan
Dept. of Education - Otto Van de Velde, City of Greater Dandenong - June Ernst
Shire of Yarra Ranges - Tim Rowe, Mike Dickson, City of Knox - Cecilia Brady
Mornington Peninsula Shire - Cath Black
Frankston City - Liz Beardall, Joanne Elridge

The many residents of the City of Casey who responded to the survey or participated
in the workshops.

The Planning Team comprised the following Companies and individuals:

EDAW (Aust) Pty Ltd:
Peter Haack, Carl Safstrom, John Wood, Lisa Swartz and Marius Brits.

JEAVONS Recreation & Tourism Planners
Sally Jeavons and David Flanagan




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                                                                Equestrian Strategy




 1. INTRODUCTION

 1.1 The Study Areas

 This Strategy has general application to the whole of the City of Casey, with particular
 emphasis given to meeting the equestrian needs of existing and anticipated
 populations.

Figure 1.1: Location of the the City of Casey




 1.2 Project Objectives and Scope

 The Strategy is designed to:

 ?? provide a clear vision and direction regarding the purpose, provision, development
    priorities, management and use of Council managed equestrian facilities and trails,
    and
 ?? provide direction regarding priority actions necessary to achieve the vision over the
    next 5-10 Years

 1.3 Project Methodology

 Preparation of the strategies involved the following stages:

 ??Stage 1: Information Review & Data Collection
 ??Stage 2: Demand & Needs Assessment
 ??Stage 3: Draft Strategy Formulation
 ??Stage 4: Strategy Finalisation

 The consultants met with nominated Councillors, representatives of Council
 Departments involved with equestrian issues, and selected State Government
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  EDAW                                                                           October 2000
                                                                           City of Casey

                                                              Equestrian Strategy


Agencies. In addition, community workshops were conducted with equestrian users,
by Jeavons & RTP, to discuss equestrian issues and visions for the municipalities.
Appendix 2 illustrates the proposed process and the interrelationship between each of
the tasks. Details of the purpose, tasks, consultation processes, outputs and
anticipated Council responsibilities for each of these stages are provided in the
following sections.


1.4 Report Structure

The report is broken into two principle sections. Firstly it looks at the regional context
and guiding principles for the provision of equestrian opportunities that apply generally
across the municipality. Secondly it looks at the existing situation w      ithin Casey to
provide detailed strategies for meeting these situations. This later section outlines
current opportunities, highlights existing issues and discusses these in light of
anticipated demand for equestrian facilities. This is then followed by an equestrian
vision, broad strategies and a detailed action plan to achieve the strategies.


Additional information relevant to this Strategy is provided in the Working
Documentation.

Working Document No. 4 - Information Review
Working Document No. 5 - Summary of Consultation
Working Document No. 6 - Workshop - Agency and Community Outcomes
Working Document No. 7 - Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations – Open Space
Working Document No. 8 - Situation Assessment




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2. Regional Context

                             f
Casey is on the fringes o Melbourne’s urban development that spreads across
northern and central Casey and along the Princes Highway into Cardinia. Aside from
the Dandenong Creek Valley the fringes of this development provide the primary
agistment and equestrian opportunities for the south east of Melbourne. While
extensive Open Space lies to the north and north east of Casey much of this land, as
with the coastal habitat of Western Port Bay to the south, is of high environmental
value with limited equestrian access. The rural, rural residential and low density urban
development in the foothills and southern sections of the municipality allows for
private horse ownership, agistment and potential for trail riding in natural
environments, along easements, road verges and unmade roads. The equestrian
community that accesses the facilities within the City of Casey is much wider than
the confines of the municipal boundaries, with users coming from adjacent areas with
high horse populations such as the municipalities of Frankston, Mornington Peninsula,
Cardinia and Yarra Ranges.

Equestrian Activity can be broadly broken into recreational and sporting activity.
Equestrian sporting activity occurs at Pony and Riding Clubs and private equestrian
centres, where specific facilities such as dressage areas, show jumping rings, cross
country courses, hitching facilities and the like exist. Casey has three public areas
used for equestrian sporting activity, two in the north and one in the south and
numerous private facilities as shown on the Equestrian Trails and Facilities Map.
Associated with equestrian sporting facilities is the transportation of horses. People
may a) bring their horses in on floats, requiring large parking areas; b) ride their horse,
requiring safe access to the facility, or; c) agist their horse at the facility, requiring
sufficient space for horse agistment.

Recreational equestrian activity involves activities such as trail and other extended
rides. Within Casey there are minimal opportunities for recreational equestrian activity
away from roads or through natural areas and this factor has led Casey Cardinia
United Horse, the peak body for equestrian groups within both municipalities, to seek
a large site for “free” riding and other public equestrian activities. A site had previously
been identified by Council for equestrian activities at the rehabilitated Harkaway Tip,
but this is now considered to be unsuitable by the group due to its final landform
having slopes that are too steep. Casey Cardinia United Horse have now formally
transferred their interest from this site to the Taranto property, a site within the
proposed Cardinia Parklands, immediately to the north of Arkoonah Park.

Most recreational equestrian activity occurs along trails that run along road verges or
along roads with low traffic levels. In the north of Casey a limited number of off-road
trails exist along easements and around Lysterfield Lake Park. Recreational
equestrian activity is most likely to occur in areas where people agist horses and
where safe riding opportunities exist.

The significant equestrian training facilities that exist at Cranbourne are primarily
provided for the racing industry and are of limited direct benefit to recreational and
horse and pony club riders.




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 Figure 2.1 shows the primary land values for the eastern region of Melbourne, which
 highlights the position of Casey on the eastern urban fringe and the availability of
 ‘agricultural’ land for equestrian use.

Figure 2.1: Primary Land Values




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3. GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PROVISION OF EQUESTRIAN
   OPPORTUNITIES
There are a number of broad principles that should influence the planning,
development, management and use of equestrian opportunities in any location,
including the City of Casey.

Access and Accessibility
?? To ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be affected
   by residential encroachment.
?? To provide safe and convenient access to and from equestrian facilities for people
   on horseback and for people towing horse floats.

Balance with Diversity
?? To achieve a balanced and diverse provision of equestrian opportunities
   appropriate to the needs and resources of the community.
Community Involvement
?? To involve the horse riding community in the planning, design and management of
   equestrian facilities.
Environmental Values
?? To ensure equestrian facilities are located to minimise impact on areas of
   conservation values such as along the perimeters of natural areas rather than
   through the centre.
?? To ensure that the type and level of equestrian activity proposed for a site is
   compatible with the long term management of conservation of the values of the
   site.
Equity
?? To ensure that the horse riding community are treated fairly and equitably.
Information:
?? To ensure existing and potential users are well informed about existing equestrian
   opportunities and how they can be accessed and utilised.
Management and Administration:
?? To ensure management and maintenance of all equestrian facilities is well
   coordinated to achieve the best possible outcomes within the given resources.
Multiple Use:
?? To achieve the most efficient use of existing and future equestrian facilities by
   encouraging joint use where appropriate.
Quality:
?? To ensure that all equestrian facilities are attractively designed and comply with
   Australian standards appropriate to the level and type of use.
Safety and Liability:
?? To ensure that all equestrian facilities are located, designed and maintained to
   meet public safety standards.

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4. EXISTING SITUATION – CITY OF CASEY

4.1 Review of Existing Planning Studies and Background Information

Working Document No 4 provides an overview of the content of the main reports and
policies that affect equestrian and related issues in the City of Casey. A summary of
these documents has been included as Appendix 3.

4.2 Existing Equestrian Opportunities

Existing equestrian opportunities identified through the inventory process are outlined
in Appendix 4 and indicate a broad range of equestrian facilities in Casey. The Casey
Equestrian Trails and Facilities Map illustrates the location and distribution of these
facilities.

4.3 Existing Issues

Key issues identified by the workshops and literature review included:

?? Impact management
   – resolving conflicts between the interests of equestrian users and conservation
      issues.
   – minimising environmental impacts of equestrian use such as erosion and
      weed invasion.
?? Appropriate Locations for Equestrian Facilities:
   - as development occurs ensuring that agistment areas have safe access to
      trails or trail networks
   - locations for equestrian facilities should consider safety and environmental
      values
?? Facilitation body
   - need for a body to facilitate equestrian precincts
   - council would be appropriate body for such facilitation
?? Commitment to equestrian strategy
   - There is a need for Councillors and Council officers to be involved and be
      committed to the equestrian strategy
?? Quantifying land needs of equestrian users
   - determine how much land is required for formal and informal equestrian
      activities
   - recognise the importance of opportunities for non-sporting equestrian activities

Key issues identified by the community consultation included:

??   A need to establish safe riding routes and/or horse precincts,
??   The large distances users need to travel to equestrian facilities,
??   A need for a high standard competition ground to the east of Melbourne,
??   A need to promote existing trails,
??   The need to adequately maintain the trail network
??   The need to develop design guidelines and standards for equestrian trails.
??   The need to link existing trails to establish a network of trails.
??   Development of a hierarchy of trails and identification of priority trails.

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?? Recognition that effective equestrian facilities/organisations need the space and
   funding for a wide range of elements, including: stables, exercise facilities,
   dressage area, trails, indoor areas, pleasure riding areas, cross country trails and
   working horse areas.
?? Improving the utilisation of some areas through shared use.
?? Identifying ways for horses to co-exist with urban areas, and areas of high
   conservation value.
?? The need to retain a Riding for the Disabled Facility in Casey.

Further issues relating to equestrian issues are highlighted by the reports
summarised in Working Document No 04 - Information Review, Working Document
No 5 - Summary of Consultation and Working Document No 06 - Agency and
Workshop Outcomes.


4.4 Equestrian Economic Value

A 1997 survey of participation trends in sport and physical activity by the Australian
Bureau of Statistics found that horse riding was the most expensive organized sport
or physical activity with the average annual expenditure per person being $1,833.

This expenditure has a flow on effect to the surrounding district generating business
and jobs. Associated flow on business opportunities include:

??   Agistment fees to land owners
??   Saddleries
??   Equipment Manufacturers
??   Stock Feed Suppliers
??   Fodder Growers
??   Veterinarians
??   Horse Dentists
??   Farriers / Blacksmiths
??   Float Builders
??   Fencing Contractors
??   Horse Transporters
??   Earthworks Contractors – Dams
??   Plumbers
??   Builders

Based on an estimated 5,500* recreational horse riders in the municipality (Refer
below), the direct economic contribution by the recreational equestrian users is
$10,081,500. This figure does not include the professional horseracing industry nor
multiplier effects. (South East Development are currently undertaking an assessment
of the economic benefit of the horseracing and training industry in the Cranbourne
area).

*Based on the May 2000 household survey undertaken as part of this study, an
estimated 3.1% (4,400 people) of Casey’s population in the 15+ age group participate
in equestrian activities. Children’s participation (Based on the 1999 Children’s Survey)
was less than 1% of Casey’s population – ie less than 2,200 people under 19 years of
age.

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Aside from recreational riding, Racing Victoria have 162 racing trainers registered in
the Cranbourne Area. Between 550 to 750 horses are in training at the Cranbourne
Complex each day. 15% of all race starters come from the Cranbourne Area.

A mailout survey to all veterinarians, farriers and equine groups was undertaken to
provide a wider picture of the equestrian population in Casey. Survey return rates
from some of these groups was disappointing however they both provide a
description of sectors within the horse population. There are around 28 recreational
equine groups in Casey, with between 10 and 120 horses involved per club, bringing
the total numbers of horses associated with club based equine recreation to between
800 and 1500. Local vet’s indicate that they have over 8000 horses as clients,
however this figure is likely to be larger due to the poor return rate from this group.

Based on evidence from the various surveys undertaken, there are approximately
between 10,000 and 12,000 horses based in Casey. However this figure is difficult to
quantify accurately due to the individual nature of the sport.


4.5 Anticipated Demand

A household survey was conducted in May 2000 netting 507 responses.
The survey found that walking, bike riding, and horse riding / equestrian activities were
participated in by a high proportion of respondents (in the top 5 activities regularly
participated in).

Of the people who said they play sport regularly 4% of females said they participated
in equestrian activities, 1% of males and 6% of females participated in trail riding and
1% of males and 3% of females in show dressage.

A higher proportion of females participated in equestrian activities than males. Only
one person indicated that they would like to undertake equestrian activities but don’t.
The male indicated that cost and facilities too far away were the reasons for not
participating.

Only thirty-eight people (of 505) indicated they used equestrian facilities or trails in
Casey.

23 people (10%) said additional equestrian facilities should be a priority if funds
become available. Equestrian facilities were ranked 15th as a priority, among a range
of recreation and open space types, and if funds become available.

Respondents ranked the importance of Casey providing equestrian trails relatively low
in comparison with other services, although Council’s performance in providing these
was also not ranked highly. The gap between people respondents perception of
importance and Councils performance in providing equestrians trails was the smallest
for any service suggesting that the present service closely aligns the broader
population’s expectations.

Provision of safer and better horse riding tracks was ranked 10th by respondents
(3%) in suggestions to as to how Council could make residents leisure more fulfilling.

After consideration of the information available from various reports, the focused
Council consultation, community consultation, users survey and field observations, it
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is the consultant’s professional judgement that the following factors should be
considered in forward planning for equestrian facilities in the City of Casey:

?? projected population growth at about 7.6 % to the year 2010
?? the increasing proportions of people with disabilities in the population, and their
   likely demand for horse riding
?? the large number of private equestrian facilities in the region
?? the strength and importance of the equine industry in the City and the region
?? displacement of equestrian facilities and users by urbanisation of areas currently
   rural in nature, especially with population increases from between 79% – 479%
   over the next 10 years in Southern Berwick, Cranbourne East, Narre Warren
   South, Lyndhurst and areas of the Foothills.
?? coordination of government agencies in regard to provision for, and use of, land by
   equestrian groups.
?? identifying, preserving and incorporating future trails and linkages into development
   planning.
?? adoption of a safe riding policy that aims to establish safe riding conditions through
   provision of trails, rider and driver education, safe roadside routes and well
   maintained facilities.

Given these factors and the existing facility supply considerations’ it is anticipated that
the greatest demand in the City of Casey over the next 5-10 years will be for:

?? ensuring suitable long term land for agistment in relation to growth of urban areas,
?? ensuring existing and future equestrian trails and facilities are not compromised
   by urban development
?? providing for equestrian use close to areas of urban development with increased
   traffic volumes,
?? adequate and well located facilities to serve future demand,
?? provision of a quality competition and recreational facility to the east of Melbourne,
?? development of guidelines and standards for suitable trails, in relation to provision,
   maintenance, environmental impact, materials, width, proximity to roads, etc..,
?? resolution of conflicts with conservation issues to provide for environmentally
   sensitive use of environmental assets.




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5. EQUESTRIAN STRATEGY - CITY OF CASEY

5.1 Introduction

This Strategy has general application to the whole of the City of Casey, with particular
emphasis given to meeting the equestrian needs of existing and anticipated rural
residential populations. The strategy is designed to:

?? provide a clear vision and direction regarding the purpose, provision, development
   priorities, management and use of all equestrian facilities, and
?? provide direction regarding priority actions necessary to achieve the vision over the
   next 5-10 years.

This strategy is comprised of:

?? a vision for equestrian facilities within the City of Casey,
?? broad strategies that will form the basis of an action plan, and
?? an action plan, providing details of tasks under each strategy area and including
   priority timing, and responsibility for each action.

The broad strategies represent the primary intentions or objectives of the Council in
relation to the future provision of horse and pony riding facilities in the City of Casey.

The action plan provides a practical means by which Council (and other providers)
can budget for and implement tangible improvements towards the achievement of the
broad strategies relevant for planning and managing the provision of horse and pony
riding facilities in Casey.


5.2 The Equestrian Vision

Casey equestrian groups seek meaningful partnerships between users and Council in
planning and developing a series of quality public equestrian activity areas and trails
that:

 ?
? Cater for a variety of equestrian activities, irrespective of a person’s ability or age
 ?
? Feed into a series of safe, interconnected horse trails, road verges and precincts,
   which connect to the wider regional network
 ?
? Can be effectively managed and maintained, and
 ?
? Is integrated and coordinated with other council strategies.


5.3 Broad Equestrian Strategies

1. Improve the range of opportunities for equestrian use in the City of Casey
2. Improve safety for equestrian users in the City of Casey
3. Develop a safe and interconnected network of equestrian trails and facilities
4. Ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are unlikely to be affected by
   residential encroachment
5. Consolidate and enhance equestrian club facilities
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6. Improve access to some natural areas for managed equestrian riding.
7. Ensure equestrian riding facilities and activities are appropriately planned and
   managed to protect and enhance conservation values.
8. Involve the equestrian riding community in the design and management of
   equestrian facilities.
9. Increase awareness of equestrian use in the general community.



5.4 Action Plan

Actions have been given a level of priority and a target time frame for their completion.
The level of priority highlights the importance of each action to the achievement of the
Equestrian Vision as follows:

High Priority                        - Essential
Medium Priority                      - Highly important
Low Priority                         - Moderately important

The target timeframe designates the timeframe within which it is desirable to achieve
each action. These timeframe are defined as:

Short                 - 0-5 years
Medium                - 6-10 years
Long                  - 11 years and greater

The following actions indicate the level of priority, desirable timeframe, nominate the
authority responsible for the action and provide measures to assess the action’s
performance.

The first action to be undertaken is the preparation of an implementation program
where the project actions are to be scoped and costed.

5.4.1 Strategy 1: Improve the range of opportunities for equestrian use in the
City of Casey
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Establish            equestrian                    City of Casey    High       Short    Establishment of a
     opportunities within a linked                                                           linked facilities
     network        of     equestrian                                                        network as
     facilities including trails,                                                            indicated by figure
     clubs,      agistment     areas,                                                        5.1
     training areas, etc, within
     Casey
2.   Undertake further detailed                         City of Casey    High       Short    Investigation and
     site      investigations,     as                   Community                            selection of
     required, to identify the most                                                          detailed locations
     suitable detailed locations                                                             for potential
     for inclusion in a linked                                                               facilities as
     network        or     equestrian                                                        indicated on figure
     opportunities.                                                                          5.1.


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Action                                                  Responsibility     Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                               Measure
3.   Undertake further detailed                         City of Casey      High       Short    Completion of
     investigations to identify                         Community                              investigation into
     specific needs relevant to                                                                provision of
     the provision of facilities for                                                           competitive horse
     competitive horse riding                                                                  riding facilities as
     activities, eg. Dressage,                                                                 indicated by figure
     show jumping and cross                                                                    5.1.
     country.
4.   Agree on a suitable site for a                     City of Casey      Medium     Medium   Site for a public
     high standard equestrian                           Cardinia Shire,                        Recreation
     competition ground in the                          Equestrian                             /Competition
     region should there be future                      groups       and                       ground     agreed
     demand (in conjunction with                        Parks Victoria.                        upon.
     Cardinia Shire, Equestrian
     groups and Parks Victoria.)
5.   Ensure the retention of a                          City of Casey      High       Medium   Retention of         a
     centrally located Riding for                       Community                              RDA facility        in
     the Disabled facility in                           RDA                                    Casey
     Casey
6.   Market      the   range       of                   City of Casey      High       Short    Information       on
     equestrian opportunities in                        Community                              equestrian
     conjunction with equestrian                                                               facilities prepared.
     groups                                                                                    Marketing       plan
                                                                                               agreed          with
                                                                                               equestrian groups.

7.   Work with the Cranbourne                           City of Casey      Medium     Medium   Development      of
     racecourse to increase its                         VRC                                    programs      and
     role and accessibility to the                                                             activities centred
     community for equestrian                                                                  on the Cranbourne
     activities, especially     for                                                            Racecourse
     children.




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5.4.2 Strategy 2: Improve safety for equestrian users in the City of Casey
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Where possible, widen road                         City of Casey    High       Short    Establishment of
     verges      or    alter     road                   Vic Roads                            safe road verges
     alignments in the reserve,                                                              and trails close to
     and provide paths along                                                                 equestrian clubs
     roads, which are heavily                                                                and in riding areas
     used by horse and pony                                                                  to the satisfaction
     riders, particularly in the                                                             of Council’s traffic
     vicinity of equestrian clubs                                                            engineer.
     and other key riding areas.
2.   Erect suitable signage to                          City of Casey    High       Short    Provision of
     warn      road      users      of                                                       signage in
     equestrian use in the vicinity                                                          equestrian areas
     of equestrian facilities and                                                            and along trails.
     key riding areas.
3.   Where       possible,      erect                   City of Casey    High       Short    Erection of
     appropriate          separation                    Vic Roads                            separation barriers
     barriers along the edges of                                                             along appropriate
     roads which are heavily                                                                 roads indicated by
     trafficked by both vehicles                                                             figure 5.1.
     and equestrian users
4.   Investigate the feasibility of                     City of Casey    High       Short    Complete road
     reducing traffic speeds on                         Vic Roads                            speed reduction
     roads in the vicinity of                                                                feasibility study.
     equestrian facilities and key
     riding areas, similar to
     school zones.
5.   Liase with Council and Vic                         City of Casey    High       Short    Increased
     Roads to ensure road                               Vic Roads                            availability and
     easements are planned,                             Community                            use of road
     managed and sign posted,                                                                easements for/by
     where appropriate, for                                                                  equestrian groups.
     equestrian users.



5.4.3 Strategy 3: Develop a safe and interconnected network of equestrian
trails and facilities
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Ongoing identification of                          City of Casey    High       Short    An established
     ‘desire’      routes     and                       Equestrian                           process to
     destinations of equestrian                         Clubs                                continue to identify
     users to determine their                                                                safe linkages to
     safety and identify potential                                                           desired
     alternatives and/or linkages                                                            destinations.
     to existing network.
2.   Identify roads in equestrian                       City of Casey    High       Short    Nomination of safe
     use areas with appropriate                                                              equestrian routes
     verge         widths       to                                                           along appropriate
     accommodate             safe                                                            roads.
     equestrian use.

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                                                                                     Equestrian Strategy


Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
3.   Adopt a strategic equestrian                       City of Casey    High       Short    Preparation of and
     network and produce an                             Community                            adoption of an
     action        plan        for                                                           action plan for
     implementation     of    this                                                           implementation of
     network.                                                                                a strategic network
                                                                                             outlined in figure
                                                                                             5.1.
4.   Regularly audit and, where                         City of Casey    High       Short    Audit and safety
     necessary, improve existing                                                             improvement work
     trails to ensure their safety                                                           conducted of
     for equestrian users.                                                                   existing trails.
5.   Identify and set aside                             City of Casey    High       Short    Setting aside of
     locations for future facilities                                                         locations identified.
     along existing or proposed
     equestrian trail network.
6.   Appropriately              sign                    City of Casey    High       Short    Provision of Horse
     Equestrian routes with a                                                                Trail signage on
     Casey Horse Trail sign.                                                                 identified networks.



5.4.4 Strategy 4: Ensure equestrian riding facilities and activities are
appropriately planned and managed to protect environmental values.
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Ensure that all trail facilities                   City of Casey    High       Short    % of trail facilities
     in natural areas are designed                                                           managed in
     and managed in accordance                                                               accordance to
     with     the    recommended                                                             guidelines.
     Facility      Design        and
     Management Guidelines.
2.   Ensure rapid responses from                        City of Casey    High       Short    Rapid response
     site managers when reports                         Parks Victoria                       system
     of damage are received.                                                                 established.
3.   Establish regular contact                          City of Casey    High       Short    Contact initiated
     between        users        and                    Community                            between users and
     managers of the sites, in the                                                           managers and an
     form of information sharing                                                             ongoing process
     sessions,     to    exchange                                                            established.
     information
4.   Identify     key     individual                    City of Casey    High       Short    Establishment of
     contacts in both agencies                          Community                            contact network for
     and equestrian groups to aid                                                            equestrian issues.
     in     communication        and
     dissemination of information.
5.   Regularly      monitor        for                  City of Casey    High       Long     Establishment of
     impacts of horse and pony                                                               monitoring
     riding in natural areas and                                                             program.
     address accordingly.




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                                                                                     Equestrian Strategy


Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
6.   Devise a equestrian trails                         City of Casey    Medium     Short    Agreed
     and facilities maintenance                                                              Maintenance
     regime and schedule in                                                                  Regime      and
     conjunction with riders, that                                                           Schedule
     determines      nature     of
     maintenance work, timing
     and      responsibilities  of
     council,    committees     of
     management and riders.



5.4.5 Strategy 5: Ensure equestrian facilities are located in areas that are
likely to be managed for long term equestrian activities
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Calculate              projected                   City of Casey    High       Short    Preparation of use
     equestrian use for areas that                                                           projections and
     are      likely    to    support                                                        provision of
     equestrian activities into the                                                          facilities.
     long-term        future     and
     investigate      provision     of
     adequate facilities in these
     areas.
2.   Ensure future equestrian                           City of Casey    High       Short    No clashes
     facilities are not proposed in                     Community                            occurring between
     areas of future residential                                                             planned facilities
     development.                                                                            and development.
3.   Where equestrian trails, as                        City of Casey    Medium     Long     Land designated
     part of a regional network,                                                             for equestrian
     pass through areas of                                                                   access through
     potential             residential                                                       development areas
     development, ensure the                                                                 along existing
     long term viability of that trail                                                       routes.
     by       providing     adequate
     easements and safe road
     crossings.
4.   Include               equestrian                   City of Casey    High       Short    Equestrian
     opportunities        and     key                   Community                            opportunities and
     contacts in a Leisure Guide                                                             key contacts listed
     for new residents.                                                                      in a Council
                                                                                             Leisure Guide.




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5.4.6 Strategy 6: Increase awareness of equestrian use in the general
community.
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Identify ways to increase                          City of Casey    High       Short    Production of an
     motorist awareness of the                                                               information
     rules      and       regulations                                                        brochure for
     governing horse and pony                                                                equestrian users.
     riding on roads, such as,
     information brochures mailed
     out      with     licence      or
     registration renewal notices,
     specific      questions       on
     learners test, etc.
2.   Prepare       an      Equestrian                   City of Casey    High       Short    Production of a
     Riding booklet and website                         Community                            range of
     for the City of Casey with                         Equestrian                           comprehensive
     information      on     existing                   Clubs                                information
     organisations,          existing                                                        sources.
     facilities, the Equestrian
     Code of Conduct, road and
     traffic regulations and other
     relevant information.
3.   Encourage members of the                           Community        Medium     Low      Increase in the
     equestrian community to                                                                 amount of
     prepare        articles      and                                                        promotional
     promotional      material     for                                                       material in
     inclusion       in       various                                                        publications and
     publications, such as the                                                               the local press
     “What’s On” column in the
     local newspaper.



5.4.7 Strategy 7: Involve the equestrian community in the design and
management of equestrian facilities.
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Consult with the equestrian                        City of Casey    High       Short    Refinement of
     community to refine the                            Community                            actions with
     actions recommended by                                                                  equestrian groups
     the    Casey     Equestrian
     Strategy




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Action                                                 Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                            Measure
2.  In consultation with the                           City of Casey    High       Short    Development of a
    recreational equestrian                            Community                            code of conduct
    community, develop a code                                                               with equestrian
    of conduct for equestrian use                                                           users based on the
    in the City of Casey. This                                                              model suggested
    should cover areas such                                                                 in Appendix 5.
    issues as rider conduct in
    natural areas and preferred
    management practice on
    equestrian club sites, and
    utilising codes which are
    currently in operation around
    Victoria and elsewhere in
    Australia where relevant. The
    code should also address
    the procedures of reporting
    environmental degradation
    and the appropriate
    response. Elements of a
    code are suggested in
    Appendix 5.
3. Involve horse and pony riders                       City of Casey    High       Med      Involvement of
    in the design (including                           Community                            community in such
    siting) of horse and pony                                                               projects.
    trails.
4. Encourage and assist the                            City of Casey    High       Long     Establishment of
    establishment of a Casey                           Community                            an equestrian
    Equestrian Committee or                            Vic Roads                            committee or
    similar, comprising a range                                                             similar advisory
    of community, Council and                                                               and management
    other              government                                                           body.
    representatives      (eg      Vic
    Roads,         Sport         and
    Recreation,              Natural
    Resources                    and
    Environment), to advance the
    implementation        of     this
    planning framework as well
    as other equestrian issues
    and concerns at they arise.
5. Encourage the horse and                             Community        Medium     Long     Increased
    pony riding community to                                                                management and
    take an active role in the                                                              maintenance of
    ongoing management and                                                                  equestrian facilities
    maintenance of facilities,                                                              by user groups.
    including trails and facilities.
Establish an equestrian email                          City of Casey    High       Short    Email discussion
discussion group to aid dialogue                                                            group established
between planners and users.                                                                 for Casey




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5.4.8 Strategy 8: Consolidate and enhance equestrian club facilities
Action                                                  Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                             Measure
1.   Priority for new tracks and                        City of Casey    High       Med      Priority given for
     facilities should be given to                                                           trails and facilities
     areas with large numbers of                                                             as indicated.
     horses, available agistment,
     access to suitable safe
     traffic     roads      and      in
     environmentally          suitable
     areas.
2.   Where          an        existing                  City of Casey    Medium     Long     Location / re-
     equestrian club has been                           Equestrian                           location of clubs
     severely      “built    out”   or                  Clubs                                into appropriate
     restricted               through                                                        areas where long
     encroachment         of     urban                                                       term viability can
     development, encourage the                                                              be guaranteed.
     equestrian club to merge
     with       another       suitable
     equestrian club, or assist
     the club to relocate to a
     more suitable site.
3.   Assist existing pony clubs in                      City of Casey    Medium     Long     Development of
     areas, which are becoming                          Equestrian                           visual buffers
     increasingly urbanised, to                         Clubs                                around clubs in
     establish physical and visual                                                           urbanising areas.
     buffers around their site
     through site appropriate tree
     planting.
4.   Equestrian clubs should be                         City of Casey    Low        Long     Increased
     encouraged to take on                              Equestrian                           utilisation through
     suitable         sub-tenancies                     Clubs                                adoption of sub-
     where practical to increase                                                             lease
     the utilisation of the site and                                                         arrangements
     improve the availability of                                                             where appropriate.
     resources.




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5.4.9 Strategy 9: Improve access to some non-urban areas for managed
equestrian riding.
Action                                                 Responsibility   Priority   Timing   Performance
                                                                                            Measure
1.   Undertake investigation to                        City of Casey    Medium     Short    Undertaking of
     determine which non-urban                         Parks Victoria                       investigation into
     areas within Casey could                          NRE                                  which areas could
     potentially be used for                                                                be used for such
     managed equestrian riding.                                                             facilities
2.   Investigate the feasibility of                    City of Casey    Medium     Short    Undertaking of
     including managed trail rides                     Parks Victoria                       investigation into
     in non-urban areas, with a                        NRE                                  provision of such
     view of educating existing                                                             activities.
     and potential users in
     relation to the appropriate
     conduct in non-urban areas,
     as well as increasing
     community awareness of
     existing riding opportunities
     in Casey.




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                                                            Equestrian Strategy




6. STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION AND REVIEW

This Equestrian Strategy will be considered by Council, before:

 ?
? Final consideration and adoption by Council and subsequent incorporation into the
   other planning strategies and forward works programs;
 ?
? Annual review and fine-tuning; and
 ?
? Major review in 2006.




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APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY OF COMMONLY USED TERMS
AND ABBREVIATIONS
Term                        Definition
Agistment area              Land primarily used for holding horses. The horses can either be
                            those of the landowner or of another person who pays the
                            landowner a fee for the privilege of keeping the horse on the land.
                            Many agistment properties have facilities such as stabling,
                            lunging rings and cavaletis.
Council                     Casey City Council
Cross Country               Cross country tests a rider's ability to combine speed with
                            accuracy and endurance over an outdoor course composed of
                            fixed jumps.
Dressage                    The term dressage is derived from a French word meaning to
                            “train” or “straighten out”. Dressage is a method of training that
                            develops a horse’s physique and suppleness through gymnastic
                            exercises. It also improves a horse’s three natural gaits (ie the
                            walk, the trot and the canter), making it a pleasure to ride.

                            The gymnastic exercises are a series of movements and figures,
                            which have been studied and developed over centuries. These
                            exercises cause the horse to be supple on both sides and to
                            respond willingly and obediently, moving freely forward with pure
                            gaits and an even tempo.

                            The objectives of dressage are twofold:
                            ?? To train a horse so that its temperament and aptitude virtually
                               match the rider’s; and
                            ?? To improve the horse’s ability to provide propulsion by training
                               it to transfer all weight to its hind legs.

                            Dressage has long been a competitive sport. It became an
                            Olympic sport in 1912. All dressage competition takes place in a
                            rectangular arena, ranging from 20m x 40m (small size) to 20m x
                            60m (standard size). All movements and figures must be
                            performed in precise relation to a set of points or markers placed
                            at specific points along the outer rails of the arena.

                            (source: United States Dressage Federation web site –
                            www.usdf.org)

Endurance                   Endurance riding is a modern alternative to the regimented forms
Riding                      of equestrian disciplines, with a freedom in dress, behaviour and
                            riding attitudes.

                            (source: Australian Endurance Riders Association Inc web site –
                            www.aera.asn.au)
Environment                 For the purposes of environmental impact assessment, the
                            meaning of environment incorporates physical, biological,
                            cultural, economic and social factors.

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Term                           Definition
Eventing                       Eventing refers to a three-day event that tests the skills of both
                               rider and mount. Eventing combines the elegance of dressage
                               The first day is generally devoted to dressage, the second day is
                               generally devoted to a combined steeplechase and cross country
                               gallop separated by road sections, and the third day is devoted to
                               show jumping.

                               It is described as a combination of the elegance of dressage, the
                               precision of show jumping and the challenge of cross country
                               with the practical knowledge of stable management.

                                (source: www.jpc-india.com)
Gymkhana                       An event based on the main disciplines of horse riding such as
                               dressage and jumping but with additional novelty activities added
                               for younger riders.
Management                     A written scheme of operations proposed in order to achieve
Plan                           stated objectives for management, which can be monitored over
                               time.
Mounted                        Mounted Games encourage young riders to train their ponies to
Games                          be obedient and themselves to become active and practical
                               horse people who compete with a sense of enthusiasm and team
                               spirit. The games are a series of challenging relay-type events
                               that test a rider's speed, balance and coordination. These
                               competitions are generally open to pony clubbers 15 years of age
                               and under, though some organizations offer a masters division
                               for members over 16.
Natural Areas                  Those parts of the landscape which are covered by vegetation
                               and show little evidence of human development
Polocrosse                                                             e
                               Polocrosse is an outdoor mounted t am sport based on two
                               teams of 6 players, 3 of whom play in a period, called a chukka.
                               The aim is to score the highest number of goals, using a ball
                               roughly the size of a tennis ball and a stick with a shallow net at
                               the end.

                               Polocrosse takes place on a rectangular field of approximately 60
                               yards x 160 yards, comprising 30 yard long scoring areas at both
                               ends, and a central area of 100 yards. Goal posts are located at
                               each end of the field. The polocrosse season in Victoria usually
                               runs between December and April each year.

                               Polocrosse draws from such diverse sports as polo, lacrosse,
                               and hockey. It brings out the physical and mental best of its
                               human and equine players.

                               (source: www.ausport.gov.au/polox)




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                                                                      Equestrian Strategy


Term                         Definition
Pony Club                    Pony club provides an opportunity for horse riding instruction and
                             competition for children and young adults up 21 years of age. The
                             term pony reflects the age of the participants, not the size of the
                             mount.

                             The internationally accepted purpose of pony club is clearly set
                             out in the following Mission Statement:
                             "To develop competent and knowledgeable young horse persons
                             who combine enjoyment, responsibility, sportsmanship and good
                             citizenship with the pursuit of various equestrian activities."

                             Horse riding skills provided by pony clubs include dressage,
                             cross-country, show jumping, mounted games, tetrathlon,
                             vaulting and polocrosse. Other related skills include feeding,
                             shoeing, veterinary care, and general horse management.

                             (source: www.ponyclub.ca)
Show Jumping                 Show jumping tests a rider's ability to combine speed with
                             accuracy over a stadium course composed of knockdown jumps.

                              (source: www.ponyclub.ca)
Tetrathlon                   Tetrathlon encourages, promotes and develops interest in horses
                             and horsemanship by combining riding with other athletic
                             activities. It involves four disciplines - riding, running, swimming
                             and shooting. Tetrathlon teams are comprised of novice, junior
                             and senior riders.

                             (source: www.ponyclub.ca, www.ponyclub.org)
Trail Riding                 Trail riding is a recreational form of equestrian activity, with a
                             freedom in dress, behaviour and riding attitudes. Trail riding
                             opportunities range from short trips along suburban trails to
                             extended rides through backcountry areas including overnight
                             stays and camping.




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APPENDIX 2:                     Process Overview – Equestrian Strategy for
Casey.

 STAGE 1: INFORMATION REVIEW & ISSUE IDENTIFICATION

                                                           Inception Meeting


    Information Review                                    Trail Inventory and GIS
                                                                  Mapping


                                                            Agency Workshops          Consultation Round 1


                                                              Council Review


   STAGE 2: DEMAND & NEEDS ASSESSMENT


    Identification of Existing
                                                            User Needs Assessment
     & Proposed Equestrian
        Areas & Linkages

                                                                Council Review


 STAGE 3: DRAFT STRATEGY FORMULATION


  Identification of Existing                              Review of Management
   & Proposed Equestrian                                  Considerations, Impacts
     Areas and Linkages                                        and Benefits



    Development of Draft                                    Agency Workshops           Consultation Round 2
    Equestrian Strategies

                                                               Council Review

 STAGE 4: STRATEGY FINALISATION


   Finalisation of Equestrian
           Strategies                                        Council Presentations


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Appendix 3:                       Reports Reviewed for the Casey Equestrian
Strategy

City of Berwick :                            This pamphlet lists the facilities for horse riding in the Berwick
Equestrian Trails, Routes                    area and has a map of all of the horse riding trails.
and Constraints (1994)
Kinhill Engineers :                          Discusses the establishment of an equestrian trail network in
Equestrian Requirements                      northern Berwick and identifies issues that affect this
and a Horse Riding Trail                     development. Includes descriptions of trails and specific
Network for the City of                      constraints to their use.
Berwick
Kerrin Fennessy : An                         Looks at the potential demand for equestrian facilities and the
Equestrian Study for the                     opposition for their development. Sets out a proposed equestrian
Southern Region of the                       trail network and highlights its benefits and reasons for the trails
City of Casey                                selected.
City of Casey : Horse                        Includes plans and descriptions of existing equestrian facilities.
Industry Needs Project :                     Information is provided about the needs of the professional horse
Draft Final Report (August                   industry as well as the recreational horse industry.
1998)
City of Casey : On a                         Document discusses both recreational and professional
Recreation Planning                          equestrian industries. Also outlined is the structure of the
Study to Undertake the                       proposed Equestrian Strategy and what it should provide.
Casey Equestrian
Strategy (November 1998)




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Appendix 4:                         Existing Equestrian Facilities

Outdoor Equestrian Facilities
Opportunity                        Location                   Facilities                  Used By
Akoonah Park                       Berwick                    Dressage area, cross        Berwick & District
                                                              country course, shed,       Dressage Club,
                                                              hitching posts, loading     Berwick Pony Club
                                                              ramp
Morning Mist                       Cranbourne                 Cross country course,       Cranbourne South
                                   South                      jumps, bush trails          Riding Club,
                                                                                          Cranbourne Pony
                                                                                          Club
Tooradin Estate                    Tooradin                   Private facility            Tooradin Pony Club
Callan’s Lane                      Pearcedale                 Private facility            Pearcedale Riding
                                                                                          School and Pony Club
Aaron Park                         Tooradin                   Private facility
Ivan’s Reserve                     Narre                      Large flat open areas,      Harkaway Riding
                                   Warren                     sheds, cross country        Club, Narre Warren
                                   North                      course, holding area,       North Pony Club,
                                                              training ring.              Hallam Valley Pony
                                                                                          Club, Gippsland
                                                                                          Pleasure Harness
                                                                                          Society
Trails
Facility                           Location                    Description
John Phillips                      Endeavour                   Gravel trail along SEC easement
Reserve                            Hills
John Stover                        Endeavour                   Gravel trail along SEC easement
Reserve                            Hills
Reservoir Road                     Narre Warren Roadway with space along sections of verge
                                   North
Lysterfield                        Narre Warren Gravel trail around edge of Lysterfield Lake
Equestrian Trail                   North        Park with cavetti entrances
Equestrian Trail                   Hallam Nth                  Gravel trail through open space with cavetti
                                   Rd. to                      entrances
                                   Rockleigh
                                   Park Dr
Brundett Rd                        Narre Warren Wide roadside verge, cavetti entrance to Kurl
Equestrian Trail                   North        Park.
Kurl Park                          Narre Warren Grass/unformed trail, cavetti entrances.
                                   North

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King Rd                         Harkaway                       Informal trail along verge of road, which is busy
Equestrian Trail                                               around Harkaway town centre.
Baker Rd                        Harkaway                       Informal trail along edge of road
Equestrian Trail
Chadwick Road                   Harkaway                       Trail along unsealed road, may use verges in
Equestrian Trail                                               some places.
Other Pony/Horse/Riding Clubs, Schools and Facilities
Name                                                       Location                 Associated Facilities
Aintree Park Riding School                                 Pearcedale
Australian Livery Stable                                   Narre Warren North
Balmoral ARC
Berwick ARC
Berwick Pony Club
Berwick & District Dressage
Club
Casey Cardinia United
Horse Association Inc
Cranbourne Pony Club
Cranbourne South RC
Cranbourne Equine Hospital                                 Cranbourne
Hallam Riding Club
Hallam Valley Pony Club
Harkaway Riding Club
Indoor Equestrian Centre                                   Clyde – Muddy Gates
                                                           Lane
Indoor Equestrian Centre                                   Pearcedale – South
                                                           Boundary Road East
Kelso ARC
Kelso Indoor Equestrian                                    Narre Warren North
Centre
Lysterfield ARC
Mossgiel Ridge Riding                                      Endeavour Hills
Academy
Narre Warren North Pony
Club
Nunken Riding School                                       Deavon Meadows
Oakwood Pony Club
Oakwood Riding School                                      Narre Warren
Pearcedale Pony Club
Peninsular Horse Riding
Club

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South Gippsland Pleasure
Harness Society
Tooradin Pony Club
Victorian Equestrian Centre
Welsh Pony & Cob Society
of Australia
West Gippsland Stock Horse
Society
Major Agistment Areas
Street Name                Location                                             Comment
Reservoir Rd & Jacques Rd Narre Warren Nth                                      Specifically catering for
                                                                                agistment purposes
                                                           Harkaway             Rural area with large
                                                                                property sizes and high
                                                                                horse use
                              Clyde, Five Ways,                                 Rural areas with high rates
                              Devon Meadows,                                    of agistment or agistment
                              Pearcedale,                                       potential
                              Cranbourne South &
                              Tooradin
Open Space with potential for Equestrian Use
Resource Name                 Location                                          Comment
Dandenong Police Paddocks Endeavour Hills                                       Potential for trail riding and
                                                                                Equestrian facility, could
                                                                                link into Trail network
Narre Warren North                                         Narre Warren North   Potential to link into nearby
Melbourne Water Retarding                                                       trails.
Basin and Stream
Reservation
Cardinia Parklands                                         Berwick              Proposed Parklands along
                                                                                Cardinia Creek
Cranbourne Training                                        Cranbourne           Potential to utilise
Complex                                                                         additional open space
                                                                                around this facility




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Appendix 5:                          Suggested Elements of an Equestrian Code
of Conduct
These suggestions are taken from various sources including:

Tread Lightly!’s Tips for Responsible Horseback Riding. http://www.treadvic.org.au/
Leave No Trace, Outdoor Skills and Ethics, developed by the National Outdoor
Leadership School.

Ride with minimal impact
?? Stay on established trails and routes and other areas open for horse use. Be
   aware of prohibited areas.
?? Taking shortcuts can destroy vegetation and cause erosion, as well as leading
   others to use the unauthorised route
?? Avoid riding through sensitive areas such as wetlands and marshes

Respect the Environment and the Rights of Others
?? Respect and be courteous to others who want to enjoy the lands you are enjoying
?? Remember conservation areas are reserved for preservation of natural systems
   and low impact use and enjoyment
?? Be considerate and honour others desires for a peaceful outdoor experience
?? When riding, be especially cautious around hikers and bike riders.

Educate Yourself, Plan and Prepare Before You Go
?? Check with the land management agency for permit or use requirements
?? If you will be using private property contact the land owner(s) for permission.
?? If possible do not shoe horses prior to a ride in erosion prone areas, as new
   shoes cut into the ground more than worn ones.
?? Check the weather forecast and conditions before you leave and plan
   appropriately

Allow for Future Use of the Outdoors, Leave it Better than you Found it.
?? Whenever possible, use existing campsites designated for horses. Camp on
    durable surfaces and place tents on a non-vegetated area. Do not dig tranches
    around tents.
?? Camp at least 70 metres from water and trails.
?? Hold horses 70 metres from lakes, streams, huts and camping areas.
?? Avoid damage to vegetation when tethering your horse. Do not tie horses to trees,
    small limbs, saplings or shrubs. Use a highline for tethering.
?? Use yards, paddocks or hitching rails where provided.
?? The greater the confinement of tethered or grazing horses, the greater the impact
    will be, options to reduce impact include hobbles, portable electric fences or a two
    rope corral on firm ground.
?? Report lost horses immediately
?? Observe all fire restrictions.
?? For campfires use only fallen timber, Gather firewood well away from your camp.
    Do not cut down trees.
?? Ensure that fires are completely extinguished.
?? Leave your surroundings as you found them, or better.

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 EDAW                                                                           October 2000
                                                                         City of Casey

                                                            Equestrian Strategy


?? Carry out what you carry in. Don’t burn or bury rubbish.
?? Watering horses at an established ford or low rocky spot in a stream bank will
   reduce trampling, bank erosion and pollution associated with marshy areas,
   stream banks, ponds and lake edges.

Discover the Rewards of Responsible Recreation
?? Help preserve the beauty and inspiring attributes of the great outdoors for yourself
   and generations to come by riding responsibly.
?? Do all you can to protect the forests, parks, landscapes and waters that mean so
   much to you.

Principles of Leave No Trace
?? Plan ahead and prepare before you go
?? Minimise horse impact
?? In popular areas, concentrate use
?? In remote places, spread use
?? Avoid places where impact is just beginning
?? Use campfires responsibility
?? Pack it in, pack it out
?? Properly dispose of what you cannot pack out
?? Be considerate of others
?? Leave what you find

Tread Lightly!’s Principles
?? Travel and recreate with minimum impact
?? Respect the environment and the rights of others
?? Educate yourself, plan and prepare before you go
?? Allow for future use of the outdoors
?? Discover the rewards of responsible recreation




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 EDAW                                                                          October 2000
                                                                          City of Casey

                                                                 Equestrian Strategy




Appendix 6:                              Typical Trail Details and Indicative Costs




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                                                                                         32

 EDAW                                                                           October 2000

				
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