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Higher History Conference 2003 Paper One Britain 1850-1979

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					 The Britain 1850-1979 syllabus
   is divided into four themes.

1. Democracy and the British People

2. Political and popular attempts to
influence the development of democracy

3. Government and people: socio-
economic problems in the period and the
changing role of central government in
addressing them

4. The changing identity of Scotland in
the UK.




                                          1
Theme 1:   Democracy and the British
           People


   •To what extent had democracy been
   achieved in Britain by 1900? (1993)


   •Which factors contributed most to
   the extension of the franchise
   between 1860 and 1928? (1994)


   •Why did democracy grow in Britain
   between 1850 and 1914? (1996)


   •To what extent did the widening of
   the franchise change British politics
   between 1850 and 1928? (1997)

                                           2
Theme 1:     Democracy and the British
             People

  By 1928 the essentials of democracy had
  been achieved." How far would you agree?
  (1998)

  Why was there a growth in democracy in
  Britain between 1860 and 1918? (1999)

  "The most important steps towards
  democracy in Britain were taken between
  1867 and 1918." How far do you agree?
  (2000)

  How important was the role played by
  political pressure groups in the growth of
  democracy in Britain between 1860 and
  1914? (2001)

  How democratic was Britain by 1911? (2002)

  What was the most important reason for
  the growth of democracy in Britain between
  1867 and 1928? (2003)                     3
        PA Report 2003

It can be observed that, though the
phrasings vary, there are effectively
only two basic questions that can
be asked on the growth of
democracy:

• To what extent had Britain become
more democratic by [insert chosen
date]?
• Why did Britain become more
democratic during the period [insert
chosen dates]?

It appears not to matter which of
these is chosen, the routine answer
is still the same, and amounts to a
list of the reforms with some
fiddling at the edges.
                                        4
Advice:
If you want to do a question from Theme
1 in the external exam, you must revise by
preparing a basic answer on how, why
and to what extent Britain had become
a democracy by 1928.

Then go back and look at all the variations
of questions there have been in the last
12 years and prepare variations on your
basic answer.

You must be flexible. The worst thing to
do is prepare one stock answer and give it
for whatever question turns up in Theme
1.

The most important rule in essay writing
is: You must answer the question set.
                                        5
Theme 2:    Political and popular attempts
            to influence the development of
            democracy

  A. Women’s Suffrage


  Why did it take so long for women to gain
  the vote? (1995)


  How important a part did events during
  the First World War play in the decision
  to grant votes to women? (1997)


  To what extent was the granting of the
  right to vote to women due to their role
  during the First World War? (2001)


  Explain the lack of success of the
  movements for women's suffrage in
  achieving their aims by 1914. (2002)
                                             6
Theme 2:      Political and popular attempts
              to influence the development of
              democracy

  B. The Labour Movement
  How significant was the support of the Trade
  Union movement in the rise of the Labour Party
  between 1890 and 1924? (1992)
  The Labour Party was set up not so much to
  represent the working class as to represent the
  Trade Unions." Do you agree? (1995)
  How important was the contribution of the
  socialist societies to the growth of the Labour
  Movement in Britain up to 1914? (1998)
  How big an impact did the Labour Movement have
  on British politics and society by 1924? (1999)
  How important was the contribution of the Trade
  Union Movement in the development of the Labour
  Party up to 1922? (2000)
  How great an impact did the labour movement
  have on Britain by 1922? (2003)

                                                    7
 Labour Movement and Women Questions

Date          Labour Movement        Women/Vote

1992                  *
1993                                          *
1994
1995                  *                       *
1996                                          *
1997                                          *
1998                  *
1999                  *
2000                  *
2001                                          *
2002                                          *
2003                  *

Since 1995, only one question from Theme 2
comes up, not two.

Every year, a question on either the Labour
movement or women and the vote comes up.
Will 2004 be Labour or women?

Advice: If you want to do a question from Theme
2, you must prepare for both women and the     8
labour movement.
Theme 3:   Government and people: socio-
           economic problems in the period
           and the changing role of central
           government in addressing them



  We will look at this section in more
  depth later.




                                         9
Theme 4:      The changing identity of
              Scotland in the UK

(a) To what extent did industrialisation contribute
to change in popular culture and leisure activities
in Scotland between 1880 and 1939?
Or
(b) How far did the development of administrative
devolution in Scotland reduce demands for
independence between 1945 and 1979? (2000)

(a) How great an effect did urbanisation have on
Scottish society between 1880 and 1939?
Or
(b) Why did support for the Scottish National
Party vary so much during the period 1945-1979?
(2001)

(a) How beneficial was the impact of urbanisation
on Scottish society between 1880 and 1939?
Or
(b) Did Scottish attitudes towards the Union
change significantly between 1880 and 1939?
(2002)
                                               10
Theme 4:        The changing identity of
                Scotland in the UK

Either
(a) To what extent were changes in Scottish
leisure, religion and education between 1880 and
1939 due to urbanisation?
Or
(b) Is it fair to dismiss electoral support for the
Scottish National Party as simply a protest vote?
(2003)




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