"Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Case"
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Disease Case Classification Confirmed Case Laboratory confirmation of HIV infection AND One or more of the specified indicator diseases 1 definitively diagnosed Probable Case National Surveillance Confirmed Cases Provincial Surveillance Confirmed Cases Type of Surveillance Case-by-Case Comments Alberta has adopted Health Canada’s Case Definition. At time of printing, discussion with Health Canada’s Chief of HIV Division (Dr. C. Archibald) indicated CD4 criteria in the case definition were not included for the following reasons: CD4 criteria have been excluded from Canadian national criteria as most countries (including Europe and Australia) do not include it in their case definitions. The USA remains the only country using CD4 criteria for surveillance purposes. Note that the USA apparently included this in their original definitions, as funding for persons diagnosed with AIDS was different to those diagnosed with HIV. Continuing to exclude CD4 criteria will allow comparisons of trends over time in Alberta, Canada and internationally Concern regarding the natural fluctuation of CD4 count, differences within and between laboratories and change (usually rise) with treatment Current case definition is based on clinical criteria and therefore since such persons are likely to be “sick” and therefore more likely to present for medical attention. This may, therefore, be more representative of cases. Further discussion needs to occur about gathering CD4 criteria for surveillance and case management purposes (next National HIV Surveillance meeting expected to occur in Spring 2003). NOTE: Additional information on diagnostic criteria (sufficient for surveillance purposes) for the indicator diseases are provided on the back of the HIV/AIDS Case Report Form. Date of Development June 2003 1 Indicator Diseases for Adults and Adolescents > 15 years of Age Alberta Case Definition Manual Bacterial pneumonia (recurrent)* Candidiasis (bronchi, trachea or lungs) † Candidiasis (esophageal) Cervical cancer (invasive)* Coccidioidomycosis (disseminated or extrapulmonary)* Cryptococcosis (extrapulmonary) Cryptosporidiosis chronic intestinal(> 1 month duration) Cytomegalovirus diseases (other than in liver, spleen or nodes) ,† Cytomegalovirus retinitis (with loss of vision)* Encephalopathy, HIV-related (dementia)* Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) (> 1 month duration) or bronchitis, pneumonitis or esophagitis Histoplasmosis (disseminated or extrapulmonary)* Isosporiasis, chronic intestinal (> 1 month duration)* † Kaposi’s sarcoma Lymphoma, Burkitt’s (or equivalent term)* Lymphoma, immunoblastic (or equivalent term)* Lymphoma (primary in brain) Mycobacterium avium complex or M. kansasii (disseminated or extrapulmonary)* ,† Mycobacterium of other species or unidentified species* M. tuberculosis (disseminated or extrapulmonary)* M. tuberculosis (pulmonary)* † Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)* † Toxoplasmosis of brain Wasting syndrome due to HIV* For pediatric cases only (< 15 years old) Bacterial infections (multiple or recurrent, excluding recurrent bacterial pneumonia)* † Lymphoid interstitial pneumonia and/or pulmonary lymphoid hyperplasia * must have laboratory evidence of HIV infection † may be diagnosed presumptively if laboratory evidence of HIV infections is present Alberta Case Definition Manual AIDS