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Adapter and EAI

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					           Adapters and EAI

      Technology, Tools and Trends

                Presenter: Atul Apte
President and CEO, iConexio Technologies Canada Inc.


               Copyright iConexio Technologies Canada Inc.
                          Agenda

• Session 1:
   – Background on software integration
   – Background on adapters
   – Overview of adapter technology
• Session 2:
   – Overview of trends in adapter technology
   – J2CA, Web Services, Semantic Adapters
   – Overview of adapter development tools
       • E-Fusion product architecture

• Q&A
    Background On Software Integration

• Software integration is the #1 IT priority today
• It is also the most complex and expensive problem to solve
• About 30% - 40% of all IT costs are integration-related
• Approximately 1/2 of all integration costs are adapter-
  related
• Adapters represent the highest incremental cost of software
  integration
• Each software system that needs to be integrated requires
  an adapter
  Background On Software Integration

• The primary focus of software integration is
  information systems (or business applications)
   – The two main areas of software integration are:
       • Data
       • Function (Web Services)
   – The two main types of software integration environments are:
       • Point to Point (Application Server based)
       • Brokered (Integration Platform based)
   – The extended focus of software integration is business processes
       • Integrating information systems with business processes
       • Automating the integrated business processes
  Background On Software Integration

• Components of Software Integration Platform
  – Foundation components
      •   Host (Application Server, Integration Server, others)
      •   Messaging bus (JMS, others)
      •   Object brokers (OMG)
      •   Database engines (RDBMS, ODBMS, others)
      •   Transaction engines (XA compliant, others)
  – Value add integration components
      • Transformer
            – Mapping, Object aggregation, Object decomposition
      • Broker
            – Routing, Filters
      • Adapters
          Current Perspective on EAI

• EAI is still a big, complex, expensive, tedious and
  repeating problem faced universally by companies
  of all sizes
   – Approximately 1/3 of all IT costs are EAI related
   – Approximately 1/2 of all EAI costs are adapter-related
• The definition of EAI is much broader today and includes
  software systems within and outside the companies
  firewalls
   – The term “EAI” has been changed and misunderstood with the continuing
     evolution of EAI technologies
        Current Perspective on EAI

• EAI is an ongoing initiative and requires strategic
  thinking, strong risk management, and realistic
  goal oriented implementation plans
• Industry studies have reported that the success
  rates of EAI project is very low < 5%
• Existing methodologies, project management
  practices & processes are not enough to deal with
  the unique and specific risk management
  requirements of EAI
       Current Perspective on EAI

• iConexio has a strong commitment to solve one of
  the toughest problems of EAI namely
  development of custom/customized adapters and
  lowering the total cost of ownership
• The first step is to define EAI in a clear and
  simple form easy to understand, comprehend, and
  implement
               Definition of EAI

EAI is the process of integrating applications and
  database systems into a unified software system
                   capable of supporting:
 – On-demand data exchange
 – Collaboration of shared functions
 – Consolidation & Transformation of data into information
 – Automating data synchronization
 – Automating business process
                     EAI Domains

• The EAI processes are grouped into a set of
  logical processes (“Domains”) which simplifies
  the definition of specific EAI processes
   – Application To Application Domain (A2A - Domain)
       • The process of integrating two or more business applications
   – Application To Information Domain (A2I - Domain)
       • The process of integrating a business application with information
         producers (data warehouses), information access portals, etc.
   – Application To Process Domain (A2P - Domain)
       • The process of integrating a business application with one or more
         work flows, EDI gateways, supply chain automation networks, mobile
         workforce networks
      EAI Domain Reference Models

• Every EAI Domain is supported by a context
  sensitive reference model that can be used to
  define, design, deploy a customized EAI solution
• Each EAI domain reference model contains:
   – A logical architecture that defines the components and
     relationships of the EAI process
   – A set of integration patterns that define the different behavior and
     interactions of the EAI process
   – A technology stack containing layers of technologies and standards
     that enable the EAI process
    Application to Application (A2A) EAI

Business Application              Transformer
                                                    Business Application


Function     Database                              Database      Function

                                 Data
                              Integration
                        XML     Broker
Adapter       Adapter                                  Adapter    Adapter




                          SOAP



                                 Web
                                                UDDI
                               Services
                                Broker
     Application to Information (A2I) EAI

Business Application      ETL
                                      Information Portal


Function     Database               Database       Function




              Adapter     Data       Adapter
                        Warehouse




     EII                                  Portal
    Server                                Server
           Application to Process (A2P) EAI

Business Application           Business Application                    Partner / Supplier
                                                                            Systems
Function       Database        Function     Database                 Database       Function




                   Adapter                   Adapter                   Adapter



             XML
                                                                  XML / EDIFACT


                                                       Firewall
                        WFMC

  Workflow                                                                EDI
   Engine                                                               Gateway
                          A2A Patterns

                    Data                                         Data Replication Pattern
                   Change
                   Detector




  Data Source       Data               Data             Data           Data Target
                  Extractor            Filter          Loader




Other Patterns
        Data Synchronization (Bi-directional Data Replication)
        Composite Data Extraction
        Collaboration of Shared Services
                              A2I Patterns

                                                    Information Creation Pattern
                    Data
                  Retriever




  Data Source    Meta-Data           Info         Info        Information Sink
                  Creator          Aggregator   Presenter




Other Patterns
        Extract Transform Load (ETL)
        Data Staging
                         A2P Patterns

                                                       Task Delegation Pattern




                    Task          Task to
  Workflow                                  Function        Business
                 Assignment      Function
                                            Manager         Application
                   Agent           Map
  Manager


Other Patterns
       Business Process Management
Generic EAI Solution Architecture

          Broker                                      Transformer




   Foundation (Host, JMS, CORBA, Transaction and Database Engines)



Adapter            Adapter       Adapter       Adapter              Adapter



Information        Information   Information   Information          Information
  System             System        System        System               System
      Adapter Technology Status Quo

• Adapters represent the highest incremental cost of
  integration
   – Each applications that needs to be integrated requires a minimum
     of one to three adapters (A2A, A2I, A2P)
• The average Fortune 1000 company1 has 48
  applications and 14 databases for a total of 62
  potential adapters
• There are few specific tools and platforms
  available for development and maintenance of
  adapters
                                                                 1ID

                                                                 C
         Definition of an Adapter

• There is no Single Definition of an Adapter
• But there is a common understanding of the
  adapters behavior and role
• Adapters, Connectors, Plug-ins, Web Services,
  Integration Components and other proprietary
  terms are used in different context to mean
  “Adapter Type Of Functionality”
• Adapter definitions tend to be context sensitive
       Generic Definition Of Adapter

• An Adapter is a software component which
  integrates two different instances of software
  systems
   – Typically the software systems integrated are business applications
     (information systems)
       • In a brokered integration environment a business application is
         integrated with the broker by using an adapter
   – Adapter facilitates integration between the integrated software
     systems
       • Provide connectivity between the systems
       • Manage the interactions between the systems
       • Enforce transformation and other business rules
            Background On Adapters

• The concept of adapters was first introduced by
  the Enterprise Application Integration (EAI)
  vendors in the later half of 1990’s
• Adapters have become the most important aspect
  of software integration
    – Every software that needs to be integrated requires an adapter
    – The average Fortune 1000 company has 48 different business
      applications and 14 different databases¹
    – Adapters represent the highest incremental cost of software
      integration
¹ IDC
           Background On Adapters

• Until recently there were no standards for
  developing and supporting adapters
   – J2EE:JCA is the first system level standard designed to support
     adapters on the Java Application Server
       • Major vendors are now supporting J2EE:JCA in their Java application
         servers

• Adapters are becoming a commodity
   – System standards for adapters will result in more focus on
     integration functionality
   – Multiple providers of the same adapter will give users opportunity
     to compare adapter features
           Background On Adapters

• Generally adapters are custom developed from
  scratch
   – Most information systems are proprietary or heavily customized
   – The average cost of developing and maintaining an adapter for
     packaged applications like SAP, PeopleSoft, etc. over a five year
     period is over U$ 1 Million
• The adapter market has few tools available for
  developers
   – The biggest challenge in creating adapter tools is the expertise and
     experience required to design, develop, and maintain complex
     adapters
                Adapter Interactions

• An adapter use case defines a specific interaction
  between the two software systems integrated by
  the adapter
   – An adapter use case is a sequence of one or more functional steps
       • There are two types of steps in an adapter use case
           – Integration function (Connection, Parsing, Transformation, etc.)
           – Support function (System Logging, Error handling, Audit Trail, etc.)
   – Two types of use cases
       • Simple Use Case
           – Involves only one adapter (two software systems)
       • Complex Use Case
           – Involves two or more adapters (four or more software systems)
                Adapter Scenarios

• An adapter scenario is a specific instance of an
  adapter use case and is bound to a specific runtime
  environment
   – Atomic Scenario (Derived from simple use case)
   – Collaborative Scenario (Derived from complex use case)
• It is possible for adapter scenarios to change
  between atomic and collaborative scenarios
  depending on the runtime environment
Simple Adapter Use Case


   Simple Use Case (Atomic Scenario)


                      SAP

               API
  Client
                     Adapter

                               •Check customer
                      SAP      •Add new order
  Complex Adapter Use Case

         Complex Use Case (Collaborative Scenario)

    Simple Use Case


                       SAP                      Siebel
                API




                                          API
Client
                      Adapter                   Adapter


                                Add new                    Check
                       SAP       order          Siebel    customer
  Adapter Technical Architecture
 Technology Stack
                             Responsible for providing unidirectional or
      Client Interface       bidirectional access to adapter services
                             Responsible for defining and implementing service
          Service Gateway    contracts and access control
                             Responsible for parsing, filtering, and formatting data
    Document Manager         and documents
                             Responsible for data type conversion, data mapping,
 Transformation Manager      object aggregation and object decomposition
                             Responsible for managing single/multiple adapter
         Scenario Manager    scenarios involving one or more information systems
                             Responsible for managing connectivity to the
Information System Manager   information systems
                             Responsible for managing the lifecycle and
Host Environment Manager     collaborating with the operating platform
  Adapter Technical Architecture
 Technology Stack

      Client Interface

          Service Gateway    Optional Layer

    Document Manager

 Transformation Manager

         Scenario Manager    Optional Layer

Information System Manager

Host Environment Manager
  Adapter Technical Architecture
 Technology Stack

      Client Interface

          Service Gateway    SOAP/UDDI

    Document Manager
                             XML / XSLT
 Transformation Manager

         Scenario Manager

Information System Manager

Host Environment Manager     J2EE:JCA
    Simplifying Adapter Complexity

• How to manage the technical complexity of
  adapters?
  – Use model based software development techniques
      • Pre-defined software models based on integration and design patterns
        will provide a robust framework for developing adapters
  – Developing multiple adapters for one application
      • Encapsulate fewer interfaces into one adapter instance
  – Collaborate with external transformers instead of developing
    transformer functionality in each adapter
                           Adapter Models
Analysis, Architecture and Design                     Implementation
                                         Conceptual
                                          Patterns



                             Structura
 Functional                                                    Integration
                                 l
  Patterns                                                       Patterns
                             Patterns



              Abstract Adapter
                   Model



                                                          Concrete Adapter
                                                              Model
     Trends In Adapter Technologies

• Adapters are more sophisticated in functionality
   – Web services enable application function level collaboration
   – J2EE Connector Architecture enables plug-and-play support for
     adapters inside application servers
   – Adapters can function in a point-to-point or broker based
     integration environment
• Standard adapter models will provide a consistent
  architecture and design for adapters
• Adapter tools will enable faster, cheaper, and
  easier development and maintenance
            Impact of Web Services

• The most significant impact of web services is the
  shift in software application architecture
• Service Oriented Architecture “SOA” is becoming
  the foundation for new internet based business
  applications
   – The concept of “Composing” business applications from existing
     software services
   – Web services enables development of “SOA” compliant
     applications
   – Adapter have an even more critical role in fulfilling “Services”
           Impact of Web Services

• Where is the Synergy between adapters and web
  services?
  – Web services provide a standardized platform for defining,
    locating, and invoking business services
      • WSDL, UDDI, SOAP
  – Adapter provide a standardized component mechanism for
    fulfilling the web services by accessing external software systems
      • J2CA
  – Both web services and adapters are moving towards a common
    semantic environment enabling rapid “composition”
      • UDEF, RDF
 What is J2EE Connector Architecture?

• J2EE Connector Architecture (J2CA) is a sub-
  specification of J2EE
• J2CA is a system level interface for hosting and
  accessing connectors to non-J2EE applications
   – J2CA connectors extend the J2EE servers ability to interface with
     non-J2EE applications
   – Most J2EE servers support J2CA specification
       • IBM WebSphere, BEA WebLogic, Jboss, Oracle AS
   – J2CA compliant adapters for popular applications like SAP,
     PeopleSoft, are now available in the market place
 What is J2EE Connector Architecture?

• J2CA Specification (Ver 1.5) defines system
  contracts for managing security, transactions, and
  connections between J2EE application
  components and legacy systems
• Support meta-data interfaces and bi-directional
  access between adapters and legacy systems
• Message driven access to J2CA connectors is now
  possible
  Moving Towards Semantic Adapters

• What is a Semantic Adapter?
  – A Semantic Adapter provides an interface to the semantics of the
    adapter
      •   Adapter Behavior (Services provided by the adapter)
      •   Meta-data of the adapted systems data structures
      •   Meta-data of the adapted systems service interfaces
      •   Configuration properties of the adapters runtime environment
  – A Semantic Adapter uses an Ontology based approach to define
    the semantics
      • This involves associating commonly understood meaning to the
        definition of adapter properties, behavior, configuration, and
        associated meta-data
        Adapter Development Tools

• Fundamental Requirements
  – Enable just in time adapter development and maintenance
      • Customers do not purchase adapters ahead of requirement
      • End points (information systems) change and therefore pre-built
        adapters need customization too
  – Extend the model based design (MBD) paradigm to adapters
      • Model based development significantly reduces development time
        and cost, and increases adapter quality
  – Differentiate and support abstract adapter models and concrete
    adapter models
          – Enables multiple implementations of a common abstract adapter model
        Adapter Development Tools

• Fundamental Requirements
  – Enable adapter developers to focus on the business requirements of
    integrating two software systems
      • Develop and maintain platform controllers which encapsulates the
              operating platform system interfaces from adapter developers
          – Eliminates the burden of learning and programming system level
            interfaces and standards
          – E.g: J2EE:JCA controller which encapsulates J2EE:JCA system
            contracts from the adapter developer
      • Generate adapter framework and component shell from pre-defined
        adapter models
          – Ensures design consistency, reduces bugs and enhances the quality of
            adapters
       E-Fusion Adapter Technology

• Objectives:
   – Solve the root cause of high adapter development and maintenance
     costs
       • Provide the best adapter development tools and runtime platform
   – Define the core technology architecture for adapters
   – Define new adapter standards and methodologies
       • Support relevant industry standards applicable to adapters
   – Develop a single adapter technology framework capable of
     supporting different adapter interactions, programming languages
     and operating platforms
       • Reduces the total cost of ownership for adapters
   Overview of E-Fusion Adapter Tool

• iConexio has developed E-Fusion, a break-
  through, patent pending technology for Adapter
  development and maintenance
• E-Fusion reduces the time & cost to develop and
  maintain software adapters from 41% to 75%
• Rapid progression towards holistic integration of
  information systems for improved ROI
   – A2A
   – A2I
   – A2P
           Benefits of E-Fusion

• E-Fusion extends the Model Based Development
  (MBD) software paradigm and applies is to
  adapters
• E-Fusion provides specific platform controllers
  which eliminates 90% of the server/platform
  coding
• E-Fusion’s Development and Testing
  methodology significantly improves adapter
  quality
              Benefits of E-Fusion

• E-Fusion sets new standards for adapters
   – First to provide developers with design and implementation
     standards for the business functions supported by adapters
   – First full life cycle adapter development methodology
• E-Fusion provides a Adapter Platform which
  includes all of the common adapter infrastructure
• E-Fusion enables developers to concentrate on the
  elements unique to each adapter project,
  independent of platform
                Positioning E-Fusion

• E-Fusion provides a common adapter tooling
  environment across application platforms
  – IBM platforms
       •   WebSphere Application Server
       •   WebSphere Business Integration Server (Crossworlds)
       •   MQSeries (Integrator, Workflow, Messaging)
       •   Mainframe and AS400
  –   J2EE Application Servers
  –   CORBA ORB’s
  –   .NET Platform
  –   Legacy Operating Systems (UNIX, Linux)
               Positioning E-Fusion

• E-Fusion provides a universal adapter hub across
  enterprise integration environments
   – Business Integration
       • Process Integration
       • Application Connectivity
   – Enterprise Information Portals
       • Information Integration
   – EAI
       • Data Integration
   – Web Services
       • Application Collaboration
              E-Fusion Product Architecture
             Integrated Collaboration Environment (ICE)
                 Adapter Development Environment (ADE)
                                                                            Extends
 Adapter
 Models                         Adapter               Generate Adapter
                            Development Tool          Component Shell                Java
                                                      From Models                    IDE
                      Assemble & Test
 Adapter              Adapter
Repository                                         Register Components
                      Define Scenarios             To E-Fusion
                                                                                     Code
                   Adapter Runtime Environment (ARE)

   Configure Adapters                    Monitor Adapter

         Adapter                                        Adapter          Extends
     Deployment Tool                                Runtime Platform               Applicatio
                           Run Adapter Scenarios                                       n
                                                                                   Platform
       E-Fusion Adapter Technology

• Architecture:
   – Adapter architecture based on the concept of functional layers
       • Each layer encapsulates specific adapter functionality accessible as
         well defined services
       • Each layer can be implemented as an isolated/distributed component
         of the adapter
   – Architecture supports three types of interactions for an adapter
       • Synchronization
            – Keeping distributed data models in sync with each other
       • Collaboration
            – Enabling software systems to collaborate functions
       • Delegation
            – Enabling software systems to execute tasks on behalf of other systems
      E-Fusion Adapter Technology

• Adapter Model
  – Is a collection of one or more adapter patterns managed by the E-
    Fusion framework Integrated Collaboration Environment (ICE)
  – E-Fusion supports two types of Adapter Models
      • Abstract adapter model
          – Represents the architecture and design of an adapter
          – Adapters cannot be created directly from abstract adapter models as
            there are no implementation details defined
      • Concrete adapter model
          – Represents the implementation reference model of an adapter
          – Includes one or more run-time scenarios
          – Adapters can be created from concrete adapter models
   Adapter Development Environment

• Adapter Development Environment (ADE)
  supports developers throughout the full lifecycle
  of adapter development and maintenance
   – From design to maintenance
       • Design, Develop, Assemble, Configure, Deploy, Maintain
       • Develop pre-built adapter models and support custom adapter models
   – Enable higher efficiencies in adapter development without
     changing existing development workflow and processes
       • Integrate E-Fusion with leading IDE tools and extend the tools
         capabilities to support adapter development
       • Define new adapter engineering and development methodologies
         which can be applied with generic software development tools
       Adapter Runtime Environment

• Adapter Runtime Environment (ARE) supports
  distributed and centralized adapter deployments
  across multiple platforms
   – Support dynamic distribution of adapter components across the
     platforms in the adapter runtime environment
   – Support centralized administration, monitoring, and debugging of
     adapters at runtime
   – Support dynamic language (locale) translation for multi-lingual
     runtime environments
   – Support dynamic component code download and side-by-side
     runtime environments (production and QA)
   E-Fusion Adapter Runtime Platform



                                                          Controller
                         Execution        Execution
                         Manager          Manager
   Controller

                Repository             E-Fusion Adapter
                                       Runtime Platform
E-Fusion Adapter
Runtime Platform                        Application Server
                                     (J2EE / CORBA / Other)
   CPU/OS
                                          CPU/OS
                  Summary

• Adapters are complex pieces of software
  performing critical integration tasks
• The definition of adapters continues to expand and
  support new application architectures (“SOA”)
• Adapter tools are now available for enabling rapid
  adapter development and deployment
• The trend is towards developing semantically and
  functionally rich adapters will continue to
  strengthen the role of adapters
Q&A




Thank You

				
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