3 'There are lies and there are damned lies…and then there are

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3 'There are lies and there are damned lies…and then there are Powered By Docstoc
					 ‘There are lies and there
are damned lies…and then
   there are statistics…’
  Did the standard of living of
  ordinary Germans improve
      in Hitler’s Germany?
   In this lesson you will learn about
   the methods Hitler used to create
    employment in Germany
   how Hitler’s achievement in ending
    unemployment is not as great as the
    statistics suggest
   how historians must treat statistics
    with caution – they are not always
    what they seem…
      Unemployment in Hitler’s Germany,
                1933 - 39




Q. What do these statistics suggest about how the standard of living
of ordinary Germans changed between 1933 and 1939?
              Conclusion?
   Unemployment fell dramatically from
    6 million to just 100,000 in six years.
   Germans must, therefore, have been
    a lot better off.
   Maybe but let’s look at the evidence
    first…
Employment in Hitler’s Germany
                                       In 1935, Hitler made six
                                       months in the National
                                       Labour Service compulsory
                                       for all men aged 18-25.

                                       They received pocket money
                                       rather than wages. These
                                       men built roads, homes and
                                       schools, as well as practised
                                       military drill. All work had
                                       to be done by hand, without
Young men in the National Labour       machines.
Service doing military drill in 1935
                                       The National Labour Service
                                       had been created during the
                                       period of the Weimar Republic,
                                       before Hitler came to power.
          The growth of the army
   1933:      100,000        men
   1934:      300,000        men
   1935:      550,000        men
   1938:      750,000        men

These men were conscripted – they had no choice about joining. They
were fed, housed in barracks and trained for war. They were not paid.

Q. Where did these 750,000 men who were in the army
by 1938 come from?
    The average German workers’ family
      diet in 1927 and 1937 compared

                           1927                          1937
   Rye Bread (kg)         263                             316
   Potatoes (kg)          500                            520
   Eggs (number)          404                             237
   Tropical fruit (kg)      10                             6
   Meat (kg)               138                           110


Q. What do these statistics tell us about how the diet of the average
   German working class family changed between 1927 and 1937?
              Did the fall in unemployment
  mean a higher standard of living for ordinary Germans?

Between 1933 and 1939 unemployment in Germany…
This suggests that…

However, many of those who were no longer unemployed
were young men between 18 and 25 who were…
It is unlikely that their standard of living increased much
because…

Furthermore, statistical evidence on the diet of working class
 Germans between 1927 and 1937 indicates that….

In conclusion, a close analysis of the evidence proves that…

				
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