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KANGAROO ISLAND REGION

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					                                             Cape Willoughby Lighthouse
                                          Kangaroo Island South Australia




                                                                            KANGAROO ISLAND REGION




Photo courtesy of South Australian Tourism Commission




INTRODUCTION

The Network’s Employment and Skills Formation Vision for the region
To continue to support networks that enhance sustainable economic and social development through the provision
of appropriate employment, training and community capacity building activities on Kangaroo Island over the next
three years.

About the Network
The Kangaroo Island Employment Education and Training Network (KIEET) is open to all interested parties in
regard to employment and training issues.

KIEET includes all of the key employment and skill formation agencies that operate on Kangaroo Island.

Kangaroo Island is an isolated community and the Network has recognised the importance of ensuring that its
members have up to date skills and an understanding of developments in community development and capacity
building.

This has resulted in new approaches and ideas being incorporated by members in the planning and
implementation processes for South Australia Works in the Regions activities on Kangaroo Island.

Current membership of KIEET is approximately 30 agencies and individuals.




South Australia Works in the Regions 2006 – 2009 Strategic Plan                                              53
Achievements of the Network
KIEET addresses issues through a series of youth, mature aged, disability and industry specific initiatives.

Some of the initiatives include:

• Retention of young people on the Island by providing real opportunities for them through training and
  employment. KIEET developed and implemented a youth worker service that provided one to one support for
  young people that addressed their barriers to training and assisted them into employment.
• Case management for youth and mature aged people. This has ensured that the needs of the mature aged job
  seekers have been a priority for KIEET resulting in two successful programs. The program’s flexibility provides
  training in areas as diverse as aged care, nursing, drug and alcohol and youth work.

KIEET’s two main achievements in the last two years go beyond the people that have been assisted by South
Australia Works activities on Kangaroo Island. Bringing together registered training organisations and State
Government departments to provide a more holistic and coordinated service to the Islands’ young people has
been an important achievement. The development of flexible responses that focus on individuals rather than
generic skill areas as a means to tackle the Islands’ worsening workforce demand issues has been a second
significant achievement.

To date, the Kangaroo Island region has received $417,000 from the South Australia Works in the Regions program
to deliver activities and programs in the Kangaroo Island region.

Since the inception of South Australia Works in the Regions, the Kangaroo Island region has developed and
implemented 27 projects. As a result 207 people have been assisted with 72 finding employment. In addition, in
excess of 8,464 training hours have been provided to participants across the region.

Engaging the community and forming partnerships
The size of the Kangaroo Island community has made it easier for KIEET to engage with partners and the
community.

The Network engages with three main groups: industry, services and community members.

Services and community members are strongly represented on the membership of the Network; to build on this
representation, regular engagement occurs with these groups beyond the Network meetings. The methods used to
facilitate this engagement include:
• A quarterly e-newsletter that is distributed via the Network to a large section of the Kangaroo Island
  community and its service providers;
• Regular involvement of KIEET members in other networks and agencies that support the Islands’ community
  eg Career Advice Australia Networks, Kangaroo Island Youth Network, Fleurieu Enterprise and Vocational
  Education Region (FEVER) and the Kangaroo Island Health Service;
• A quarterly newsletter issued by the Kangaroo Island Development Board (KIDB) which incorporates a section
  about the Network’s programs;
• Articles promoting program activities in the local newspaper.


Through this arrangement the KIEET has ensured that employment and training issues are a regular agenda item
for local networks and agencies. This keeps the Network updated on local issues while providing an avenue for
the Network to promote its activities.




 54                                                             South Australia Works in the Regions 2006 – 2009 Strategic Plan
REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND SKILLS FORMATION DIRECTIONS
Overview of the Regional Profile
Kangaroo Island supports 4,384 people, comprising 0.3% of the State’s population. It is forecast to grow at a rate
                                                      1
above the State average over the next two decades (200 ABS Census).

                                                                      4
It has a higher than State average concentration of people aged 0 to 1 years and 35 to 64 years, and a
below State average share in all other age groups (ABS 3235.4 Population by Age and Sex, South Australia and
Australia).

According to the Department of Employment and Workplace Relations (DEWR), in the December 2005 quarter,
there were 35 unemployed people in the region, with an estimated unemployment rate of 1.5% (3.6% below the
State average of 5.1%).

                      1                                                           5
At the time of the 200 ABS Census, the full time unemployment rate of youth aged 1 to 24 (14.2%) was well
                            9.
below the State average of 1 1%.

Kangaroo Island (June 2003) has a lower than State average concentration of people aged under 25 (30.6%
compared to 32.4%). The number of 1   5–24 year olds in the region accounts for 9.5% of the population, compared
with the State average of 1                             4
                           3.3% i.e. there were 923 0–1 year olds and 416 1   5–24 year olds – a total of 1,339
people under the age of 25 years.

       1
The 200 Census unemployment rate of mature aged people (45+) of 5.1% was marginally above the State
average of 4.9%.

Compared with the age distribution of the State as a whole, Kangaroo Island has a higher than average
concentration of people aged 45-64. The percentage of people aged 45-64 in the region is 29.2% compared to
the State percentage of 24.3%. The total number of people in this age group is 1,278.

                                                      1
The unemployment rate for Indigenous people at the 200 Census was 26.3% (8 people), significantly above the
State average of 20.5%.

Agriculture, fisheries and forestry are the largest employing industries on Kangaroo Island, accounting for 29% (or
542 jobs). Retail and hospitality industries account for a further 25% (472) of jobs, providing an indication of the
significance of tourism to the Kangaroo Island economy (Econsearch 2003).

Demands from industry require seasonal labour inputs and accordingly multiskilling across industries is encouraged.

Additional regionally-based information is available from the Workforce Information Service (WIS) at
www.regionalinfoexchange.sa.gov.au

Discussion on local knowledge
The proportion and number of mature aged people on Kangaroo Island will increase, mainly due to the lifestyle
it presents. Accordingly within the next 5 to 10 years older workers will account for a larger share of the working
age force.

A study conducted by Finding Workable Solutions (FWS Inc) has identified that hidden youth unemployment is more
about underemployment and the lack of opportunities for youth on the Island. The unmet needs of young people
on the Island are a persistent problem and there is evidence of the effects of unemployment in relation to health
and social issues. The geographical isolation from the mainland severely limits their opportunities. Young people
move away from the Island to seek work or further education opportunities and are encouraged to return at a
future time.




South Australia Works in the Regions 2006 – 2009 Strategic Plan                                                   55
Population studies indicate that up to 416 people on Kangaroo Island aged 15-50 may consider themselves to
have some level of disability.

It is common for the general population to have one or more part time jobs and casual, seasonal employment
features heavily in the working patterns of young people in the community.

A majority of the Island’s small businesses employ less than 10 people.

Links between objectives, strategies, and targets with Regional Profile
Kangaroo Island industry has identified skill needs in food processing, tourism, hospitality, retail and agriculture
(Kangaroo Island Development Board Business Survey 2005). These industries are amongst the largest growing
economic contributors to the region. Their labour force needs have a direct impact on economic and community
wellbeing. This need is exacerbated by the reduced youth population, increasing mature aged workforce and the
seasonal nature of employment.

Future industry workforce needs will not be met by the Island population alone and therefore an active workforce
development strategy may need to be considered. However, the attraction and retention of staff is reliant on
adequate and accessible infrastructure and services eg housing and transport.

The isolation of the Kangaroo Island community increases the level of complexity of barriers faced by economically
disadvantaged residents. Kangaroo Island communities have the lowest average taxable income in the State. This
combined with a low population base, seasonal employment and lack of access to locally based services makes it
more difficult for residents to access economically sustainable employment opportunities. While the unemployment
rate is low (1.5%) the underemployment rate is unreported but considered to be significant.

The Network aims to:

• Build strategic alliances to ensure a coordinated response which effectively uses resources to address
  employment and skills formation for targeted groups;
• Increase community capacity through the building of local leadership and expertise;
• Identify and maximise the use of all resources available to the region to address employment and skills formation
  issues;
• Use relevant data and local knowledge, identify labour market issues and their impact on the employment and
  skills formation opportunities of local residents;
• Inform, monitor and evaluate program responses to issues that have been identified in the Regional Employment
  and Skills Formation Plan.

The strategies will respond to the needs of individuals and will roll out over three years to provide long-term
support in order to assist individuals achieve successful employment and training outcomes.


Objective 1: Ensure that the workforce has the skills and capacity to meet future industry need

 Strategy 1:                                                                                        Target Groups:
 Industry specific training                                                                          • 1 5–24
                                                                                                    • 40+
                                                                                                    • Indigenous
                                                                                                    • Other
                                                                                                    • Strategic




 56                                                             South Australia Works in the Regions 2006 – 2009 Strategic Plan
 Strategy 2:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Employability skills                                                                        • 1 5–24
                                                                                             • 40+
                                                                                             • Indigenous
                                                                                             • Other
 Strategy 3:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Employer/community attitudes and workforce planning                                         • Strategic
 Strategy 4:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Encouraging access to transport and housing options to meet community and industry          • Strategic
 needs


Objective 2: To assist those disadvantaged in the labour market to access the opportunities created through
a growing economy

 Strategy 1:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Ensuring provision of locally available employment and training services for young people   • 1 5–24
 Strategy 2:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Ensuring provision of locally available employment and training services for mature aged    • 40+
 people


Objective 3: A professional Network that provides leadership in employment, training and community
capacity building initiatives

 Strategy 1:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Building the capacity of Network members to provide leadership on employment and            • Strategic
 training issues
 Strategy 2:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Strengthening effective working partnerships with key stakeholders                          • Strategic
 Strategy 3:                                                                                 Target Groups:
 Promoting the activities of KIEET to key stakeholders and the community                     • Strategic




South Australia Works in the Regions 2006 – 2009 Strategic Plan                                               57

				
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Description: KANGAROO ISLAND REGION