PASSOVER PROGRAM

COLOMBIA BROADCASTING SYSTEM                              WCBS
THURSDAY. APRIL 22.                                       FRIDAY. APRIL 2?. 1948
5:3O-5:A5 P.M. B.S.T.                                     6:15-6:30 P.M. E.S.T.

ANNOUNCER:           PASSOVER, the festival of freedom!


ANNOUNCER:            (OVER CHOIR DOWN UNDER) At sundown on Friday, Jews
                     all over the world will begin the eight-day celebra-
                      tion of the ancient Passover holiday, of the
                      oldest festivals of freedom in the history of the
                     world. In observance of this holiday, Columbia
                     presents a special Passover broadcast. It will be
                     conducted by Rabbi Arthur J. S. Rosenbaum, director
                     of interfaith activities for the American Jewish
                     Committee, and the traditional holiday music will be
                     sung by Cantor David Futterman and the Choir of the
                     Park Avenue Synagogue of New York City. Cantor
                     Futterman and Rabbi Rosenbaum open the broadcast with
                     the singing and explanation of °The Four Questions."


ROSENBAUM:           "Why is this night of Passover different from all
                     other nights of the year? On all other night we eat
                     either leavened or unleavened bread, on this night
                                     - 2 -

ROSENBAUM: (CONT.)   why do we eat only matzah -• unleavened bread?
                     "On all other nights of the year we eat all kinds of
                     herbs, on this night why do we eat only moror — the
                     bitter herbs?
                     "On all other nights of the year we need not dip
                     our herbs even once, on this night why do we do so
                     twice, once in salt water and once in charoses?
                     "On all other nights of the year we eat either
                     sitting upright or reclining, on this night why do
                     we all recline?*1
                     With these four questions the Seder service ushering
                     in the Passover begins. Gathered around the festive
                     board, Jews all over the world celebrate one of the
                     most momentous episodes in their long history. Passover
                     celebrates the ending of the bitter night of Egyptian
                     bondage. Passover celebrates the liberation of a people,
                     the fulfillment of a dream, a hope, a prayer, a promise.

ORGAN:               DAYENU

ROSENBAUM:           Kamah Maalos Tovos Lamokom Alenu - How great is the
                     gratitude we owe to the Almighty - exlaims the Jew
                     on the Seder night as he sings a hymn of thankfulness
                     to God - Dayenu.

CHOIR*               DAYENU

ROSENBAUM:           In the celebration of the Passover Seder there are
                                       - 3 -

ROSENBAUM:   (CONT.) many interesting and important symbols but there are
                     three among them so important and meaningful that
                     Rabban Gamliel said, ttHe who does not explain them
                     cannot be said to have observed the Seder properly.11
                     These arej
                     Pesach - the Passover sacrifice
                     Matzah - the unleavened bread
                     Moror - the bitter herb
                     Turning to the Haggadah, the ceremonial textbook of
                     our observance, we read - "Pesach, the Passover
                     sacrifice, our forefathers ate at the time the Temple
                     was standing - what is its meaning?     It is because
                     the Holy One, Blessed be He, passed over the houses
                     of our fathers in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians
                     and delivered us.
                         Matzah, the unleavened bread, we eat - what is its
                     meaning?     It is because of the haste of their departure
                     there was no time for the dough of our fathers to
                     become leavened before the Holy One, Blessed be He,
                     revealed himself unto them and redeemed them.
                     "Moror, the bitter herb, we eat - what is its meaning?
                     It is because the Egyptians made bitter the lives of
                     our fathers in Egypt with hard bondage in mortar and
                     brick and with all manner of labor in the fields.0
                     This ancient tale of the Exodus from Egypt has been
                     for the Jew not merely an epic to recount around the
                                      - 4-

ROSENBAUM:   (CONT.) fireside. The Seder service teaches not only a lesson
                     in history, it serves as a bridge between the
                     generations. By means of the Seder service, the Jew
                     relives again the stirring events leading up to his
                     liberation, fulfilling the injunction of the Haggadah
                     "In every generation it is incumbent upon the Jew to
                     regard himself as if he personally had gone forth
                     from Egypt,11 From the wellspring of his ancient past
                     the Jew draws courage for the present and bright hope
                     for the future. The ejaculations of pain give way to
                     the paeans of triumph as he recalls God's promise of
                     faithfulness to Israel — "This is the promise which
                     has stood by our forefathers and stands by us. For
                     neither once, nor twice, nor three times, was our
                     destruction planned. In every generation evil doers
                     rise against us to destroy us but the Almighty, Blessed
                     be He, delivers us from their hands."
                     Dreaming of a day of universal peace and happiness for
                     all mankind, the Jew on the Seder night bids a special
                     welcome to the Prophet Elijah - Eliyahu Hanovi - who
                     according to Jewish tradition, will return to earth
                     on Passover night to herald the coming of the Messiah,


ROSENBAUMs           The Festival of Passover with its emphasis on freedom
                     has significance and meaning not only for the Jews but
                                    - 5-

ROSENBAUM:   (CONT.) for all mankind. The Pharaoh who ruled in ancient
                     Egypt was not just a cruel King who happened to live
                     at a certain period in a certain country. He is the
                     prototype of every tyrant, every inhuman and heartless
                     oppressor who ever enslaved humanity.
                     When the Israelites threw off the yoke of their bondage
                     it foreshadowed for all men the sacred rights of life,
                     liberty and the pursuit of happiness,
                     Passover, therefore, challenges us in every generation
                     to put an end to slavery wherever it may exist and to
                     dedicate ourselves to the cause of freedom and liberty
                     for all men.
                     The victories which mankind has always scored over the
                     Pharaohs of every age, teaches us that God alone is
                     the ruler of humanity to whom every knee must bend
                     and every tongue pay homage. The Seder service,
                     therefore, ends with the joyous refrain Chad Gadya,
                     depicting the omnipotence of God and the sureness of
                     His triumph.

CHOIR:               CHAD GADIA

ROSENBAUM:           Almighty God, Our Heavenly Father,
                     On this Passover Festival when we recall how Thou
                     didst redeem our ancestors from darkness to light, from
                     bondage to freedom, we would raise our voices in
                     grateful praise to Thee who hast been our shield and
                                    - 6-

ROSENBAUMt   (CONT.) our comfort throughout the ages.
                     We thank Thee for this blessed land where the light
                     of freedom burns so strongly. Keep our country ever
                     free from tyranny and oppression, ever dedicated to
                     the welfare of all its inhabitants. As we rejoice on
                     this Passover Festival, may we not be unmindful of
                     those of our brethren less fortunate than we who still
                     have not tasted from the cup of liberty, who still
                     suffer from oppression, hunger and need, who still
                     struggle to attain the dignity and security of free men.
                     We pray Thee, 0 Father, may this Passover see the
                     beginning of true freedom, justice, peace and happiness
                     for all men, everywhere,

CHOIR:               (IN BACKGROUND)

ANNOUNCER:           You have just heard a special Passover broadcast
                     presented by the Columbia network in cooperation with
                     the American Jewish Committee, in observance of the
                     Passover holiday, which begins at sundown Friday.
                     Participating in the program were Rabbi Arthur J. S.
                     Rosenbaum, director of interfaith activities for the
                     American Jewish Committee, and Cantor David Putterman
                     and the Choir of the Park Avenue Synagogue, of New York
                     City. Isidore Geller was at the organ.
                     If you would like a free copy of today's broadcast,
                                    - 7-

ANNOUNCER:   (CONT.) send your request to the station to which you are

                     This is CBS, THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING SYSTEM

                                        Fade theme 15 seconds
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