COLOMBIA BROADCASTING SYSTEM WCBS
THURSDAY. APRIL 22. FRIDAY. APRIL 2?. 1948
5:3O-5:A5 P.M. B.S.T. 6:15-6:30 P.M. E.S.T.
ANNOUNCER: PASSOVER, the festival of freedom!
PUTTERMAN AND CHOIR; OPENING THEME: "ADDIR HUM ESTABLISH AND FADE TO B.G.
ANNOUNCER: (OVER CHOIR DOWN UNDER) At sundown on Friday, Jews
all over the world will begin the eight-day celebra-
tion of the ancient Passover holiday,..one of the
oldest festivals of freedom in the history of the
world. In observance of this holiday, Columbia
presents a special Passover broadcast. It will be
conducted by Rabbi Arthur J. S. Rosenbaum, director
of interfaith activities for the American Jewish
Committee, and the traditional holiday music will be
sung by Cantor David Futterman and the Choir of the
Park Avenue Synagogue of New York City. Cantor
Futterman and Rabbi Rosenbaum open the broadcast with
the singing and explanation of °The Four Questions."
PUTTERMAN: MAH NISHTANAH
ROSENBAUM: "Why is this night of Passover different from all
other nights of the year? On all other night we eat
either leavened or unleavened bread, on this night
- 2 -
ROSENBAUM: (CONT.) why do we eat only matzah -• unleavened bread?
"On all other nights of the year we eat all kinds of
herbs, on this night why do we eat only moror — the
"On all other nights of the year we need not dip
our herbs even once, on this night why do we do so
twice, once in salt water and once in charoses?
"On all other nights of the year we eat either
sitting upright or reclining, on this night why do
we all recline?*1
With these four questions the Seder service ushering
in the Passover begins. Gathered around the festive
board, Jews all over the world celebrate one of the
most momentous episodes in their long history. Passover
celebrates the ending of the bitter night of Egyptian
bondage. Passover celebrates the liberation of a people,
the fulfillment of a dream, a hope, a prayer, a promise.
ROSENBAUM: Kamah Maalos Tovos Lamokom Alenu - How great is the
gratitude we owe to the Almighty - exlaims the Jew
on the Seder night as he sings a hymn of thankfulness
to God - Dayenu.
ROSENBAUM: In the celebration of the Passover Seder there are
- 3 -
ROSENBAUM: (CONT.) many interesting and important symbols but there are
three among them so important and meaningful that
Rabban Gamliel said, ttHe who does not explain them
cannot be said to have observed the Seder properly.11
Pesach - the Passover sacrifice
Matzah - the unleavened bread
Moror - the bitter herb
Turning to the Haggadah, the ceremonial textbook of
our observance, we read - "Pesach, the Passover
sacrifice, our forefathers ate at the time the Temple
was standing - what is its meaning? It is because
the Holy One, Blessed be He, passed over the houses
of our fathers in Egypt when He smote the Egyptians
and delivered us.
Matzah, the unleavened bread, we eat - what is its
meaning? It is because of the haste of their departure
there was no time for the dough of our fathers to
become leavened before the Holy One, Blessed be He,
revealed himself unto them and redeemed them.
"Moror, the bitter herb, we eat - what is its meaning?
It is because the Egyptians made bitter the lives of
our fathers in Egypt with hard bondage in mortar and
brick and with all manner of labor in the fields.0
This ancient tale of the Exodus from Egypt has been
for the Jew not merely an epic to recount around the
ROSENBAUM: (CONT.) fireside. The Seder service teaches not only a lesson
in history, it serves as a bridge between the
generations. By means of the Seder service, the Jew
relives again the stirring events leading up to his
liberation, fulfilling the injunction of the Haggadah
"In every generation it is incumbent upon the Jew to
regard himself as if he personally had gone forth
from Egypt,11 From the wellspring of his ancient past
the Jew draws courage for the present and bright hope
for the future. The ejaculations of pain give way to
the paeans of triumph as he recalls God's promise of
faithfulness to Israel — "This is the promise which
has stood by our forefathers and stands by us. For
neither once, nor twice, nor three times, was our
destruction planned. In every generation evil doers
rise against us to destroy us but the Almighty, Blessed
be He, delivers us from their hands."
Dreaming of a day of universal peace and happiness for
all mankind, the Jew on the Seder night bids a special
welcome to the Prophet Elijah - Eliyahu Hanovi - who
according to Jewish tradition, will return to earth
on Passover night to herald the coming of the Messiah,
CHOIRJ ELIYAHU HANOVI
ROSENBAUMs The Festival of Passover with its emphasis on freedom
has significance and meaning not only for the Jews but
ROSENBAUM: (CONT.) for all mankind. The Pharaoh who ruled in ancient
Egypt was not just a cruel King who happened to live
at a certain period in a certain country. He is the
prototype of every tyrant, every inhuman and heartless
oppressor who ever enslaved humanity.
When the Israelites threw off the yoke of their bondage
it foreshadowed for all men the sacred rights of life,
liberty and the pursuit of happiness,
Passover, therefore, challenges us in every generation
to put an end to slavery wherever it may exist and to
dedicate ourselves to the cause of freedom and liberty
for all men.
The victories which mankind has always scored over the
Pharaohs of every age, teaches us that God alone is
the ruler of humanity to whom every knee must bend
and every tongue pay homage. The Seder service,
therefore, ends with the joyous refrain Chad Gadya,
depicting the omnipotence of God and the sureness of
CHOIR: CHAD GADIA
ROSENBAUM: Almighty God, Our Heavenly Father,
On this Passover Festival when we recall how Thou
didst redeem our ancestors from darkness to light, from
bondage to freedom, we would raise our voices in
grateful praise to Thee who hast been our shield and
ROSENBAUMt (CONT.) our comfort throughout the ages.
We thank Thee for this blessed land where the light
of freedom burns so strongly. Keep our country ever
free from tyranny and oppression, ever dedicated to
the welfare of all its inhabitants. As we rejoice on
this Passover Festival, may we not be unmindful of
those of our brethren less fortunate than we who still
have not tasted from the cup of liberty, who still
suffer from oppression, hunger and need, who still
struggle to attain the dignity and security of free men.
We pray Thee, 0 Father, may this Passover see the
beginning of true freedom, justice, peace and happiness
for all men, everywhere,
CHOIR: (IN BACKGROUND)
ANNOUNCER: You have just heard a special Passover broadcast
presented by the Columbia network in cooperation with
the American Jewish Committee, in observance of the
Passover holiday, which begins at sundown Friday.
Participating in the program were Rabbi Arthur J. S.
Rosenbaum, director of interfaith activities for the
American Jewish Committee, and Cantor David Putterman
and the Choir of the Park Avenue Synagogue, of New York
City. Isidore Geller was at the organ.
If you would like a free copy of today's broadcast,
ANNOUNCER: (CONT.) send your request to the station to which you are
This is CBS, THE COLUMBIA BROADCASTING SYSTEM
Fade theme 15 seconds
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