EFFECTIVE TE by lindahy


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									EFFECTIVE                                                         TEACHING
Education Queensland’s teachers manage 19 000 class-                  Reading Recovery is an internationally recognised pro-
rooms across the State each day. Teachers aim to provide              gram that provides regular one-to-one tuition by a
for the many different learning styles of students, from              specially trained teacher for year 2 students who need
step-by-step instruction to less ordered styles; from                 extra support in literacy. The program expanded to 413
hands-on practical activities to more abstract learning.              trained teachers and 3096 students, of whom 85.7 per
Learning is much more effective when the teaching                     cent caught up to the average level of their classmates
method accommodates the students’ preferred learning                  within five months.
                                                                      The English as a second language program supported
The School Opinion Survey found that parent satisfac-                 5552 students who were in the initial stages of develop-
tion with the quality of teaching improved from 71 per                ing English language competency, an increase of 1490.
cent in 1997 to 75 per cent in 1998. Similar proportions
                                                                      In the classroom, schools made greater use of adults other
of primary students were satisfied on each question re-
                                                                      than teachers. For example, many teacher aides and vol-
lating to teaching, whereas a little less than half of year 9
                                                                      unteer parents conducted Support a Reader, Support a
and 11 students were satisfied on each question.
                                                                      Writer and Support a Maths Learner programs, which
                                                                      provide one-to-one coaching in literacy and numeracy in
Teaching methods                                                      primary schools.

Many schools conducted extensive reviews of their teach-              More schools operated peer tutoring and mentoring pro-
ing practices, using the in-house publication, Principles             grams, in which students in higher years coach students
of effective learning and teaching.                                   in lower years.

                                                                      ‘Peer tutoring has proven very effective for both older and
The greater availability of information on student learn-
                                                                      younger students.’
ing results, through the year 2 Diagnostic Net and other
                                                                                                             (Bajool State School)
sources, helped teachers to track the progress of their
students, to focus on students or skills needing atten-               The School Reform Longitudinal Study, a detailed univer-
tion, and to put more emphasis on specific parts of the               sity study of eight schools commissioned by the
curriculum.                                                           department, recommended more focus on intellectual
                                                                      quality, relevance and recognition of difference in class-
‘School data on student achievement has enabled staff to              rooms.
adapt their teaching practices to improve the results for all
students. By looking at the needs of particular groups of stu-
dents, we have found new and interesting ways of engaging             School organisation
all students in learning. For example, in English we reviewed
                                                                      Some schools negotiated agreements with unions to
assessment topics to make them more appealing to boys; and
                                                                      change school hours, employ different types of staff and
we used team teaching of classes, together with learning sup-
                                                                      use new types of school-based management arrange-
port staff.’
                                                                      ments. These agreements provide the school with greater
                                (Emerald State High School)
                                                                      flexibility in operations and teaching practices and are
Teachers made greater use of computers in their class-                reported in more detail later.
rooms, across all subjects. For example, specialist software
                                                                      Some schools changed their timetables to allow longer
was used to teach literacy to junior primary students.
                                                                      blocks of time for lessons, so that students could con-
A total of $12.5 million was spent on support services                centrate on a topic for several hours.
for students identified through the statewide year 2 Di-
                                                                      ‘A review of the effectiveness –– with regard to learning out-
agnostic Net and year 5 test. The funds were spent mainly
                                                                      comes –– of the existing timetable was completed. The result
on additional teacher aides to provide one-to-one atten-              was a decision to change the structure in 1999, providing
tion to these students, and on the Reading Recovery                   for longer teaching periods (four teaching periods per day
program. Another $14 million was provided in grants to                instead of seven).’
schools to support literacy and numeracy teaching.                                           (North Bundaberg State High School)

 Fifty-five small schools, at which the principal also teaches,        schools conducted training for parents in how to teach
 tried new administrative arrangements to help their prin-             their children to read or to study. A small number of
 cipal to teach effectively while managing their school.               schools provided homework centres outside school hours.

 A small number of schools introduced single sex classes,              A ‘full-service school’ was trialled in sixty-two schools.
 as a way of improving the results of boys. Clusters of                With this concept, schools work with the departments
 schools within the Roma and Cairns districts developed                of Family Services, Health and Police to provide an inte-
 initiatives as part of a Boys, Gender and Schooling project.          grated service to students.

 A new school to cater for the children of show workers
 was approved. This will be a travelling school that ac-                                        Outlook
 companies students across the country, as their parents
 work at shows.                                                         •    A total of $114 million will be spent on literacy
                                                                             and numeracy.
 A number of schools reviewed their services to students
                                                                        •    Ten to fifteen schools will trial new approaches to
 in the middle schooling years (years 8 to 10), which are
                                                                             teaching, as part of the Curriculum, Pedagogy and
 the years during which many students lose confidence
                                                                             Assessment Framework project, which will develop
 or interest in school.
                                                                             New Basics for teaching and learning.
 Some preschools converted to full-day programs, in re-                 •    From January 2000, $11 million of literacy enhance-
 sponse to the wishes of working parents.                                    ment funds will be applied to the needs of 110 000
                                                                             students in 1083 schools, rather than to all stu-
                                                                             dents in a smaller number of schools.
 Students with special needs
                                                                        •    Additional support will be provided for literacy and
 Two per cent of the population have a disability (intellec-                 numeracy teaching for students with English as their
 tual, physical, visual and/or hearing) that required                        second language.
 specialist support. Some 8920 students received such sup-
                                                                        •    A new strategy plan for Aboriginal and Torres Strait
 port, an increase of 10 per cent on the previous year. In
                                                                             Islander education will be implemented.
 addition, many students with less-severe conditions suc-
                                                                        •    The needs of (and services required by) each stu-
 ceed in a regular classroom with personal attention from
                                                                             dent with a learning difficulty or learning disability
 their teacher. A further 15 per cent to 20 per cent of
                                                                             will be determined.
 students have a learning difficulty.
                                                                        •    A new career education package for students will
 From the beginning of 1999, under the government’s                          be trialled.
 Education for All initiative, an extra forty-four teachers,            •    A new Showcasing Excellence Scheme will identify
 nineteen therapists, two nurses and eighty-nine teacher                     and reward best practice in schools, at a cost of
 aides were provided. Note takers, who allow hearing                         $0.6 million.
 impaired students to watch their teacher and have a writ-
 ten record of the class, were extended down to year 9

 A five-year, statewide action plan for services to students
 with disabilities was completed. A revised staffing model
 for teachers of students with a disability was developed
 and implemented from the beginning of 1999.

 In recognition of the reality that factors outside school,
 such as family environment and peer group, have a ma-
 jor impact on student learning, schools are forming
 partnerships with parents and community services to
 jointly help students to learn. A growing number of


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