ICT Curriculum Outcomes

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					                                          Alberta Tomorrow – Science 7


 Did I do that???
      The relationship between humans and their Environment
Overview

Students will view a series of short movies to acquire background information on sustainable
development, land use simulators, Alberta’s ecosystems and the effects of natural resource
development in Alberta. Students will actively build upon this knowledge by using an interactive
land use simulator to explore intended and unintended consequences of land use options.
Students will apply their understanding of land use effects to build a sustainable land use strategy
for Alberta. Students will reflect on the intended and unintended consequences of land use, and
evaluate how they can change their lifestyle to reduce the unintended consequences of land use.

Curriculum Links

Alberta Tomorrow is an exciting, web-based educational resource that uses a land use simulator
to instruct knowledge and STS connections (Table 1) for Grade 7 Science Unit A, Interactions
and Ecosystems, and foster skill (Table 2) and attitude (Table 3) outcomes.

Knowledge and STS Outcomes                                            Alberta Tomorrow Education Strategy
Students will                                                         Students will
1. Investigate and describe relationships between humans and
their environments, and identify related issues and scientific
questions

identify examples of human impacts on ecosystems, and               Apply a land use simulator to identify how natural resource
investigate and analyze the link between these impacts and the        development affects Alberta’s ecosystems. Students will reflect
human wants and needs that give rise to them;                         upon human wants and needs that give rise to natural resource
                                                                      development.

analyze personal and public decisions that involve                  Learn how simulation models inform land use planning. Apply
consideration of environmental impacts, and identify needs for        a land use simulator to develop a land use strategy that balances
scientific knowledge that can inform those decisions;                 economic development and environmental impacts.


2. Interpret the flow of energy and materials within an ecosystem     Lean how matter is recycled through the cycling of matter in the
                                                                      ecosystem
4. Describe the relationships among knowledge, decisions and
actions in maintaining life-supporting environments

identify intended and unintended consequences of human              Apply a land use simulator to identify the intended and
activities within local and global environments                       unintended consequences of human activities in Alberta.


describe and interpret examples of scientific investigations that   Learn how scientists build land use simulation models to inform
serve to inform environmental decision making                         land use planning.

illustrate, through examples, the limits of scientific and
technological knowledge in making decisions about life-               Learn that land use simulation models can not make exact
supporting environments                                               predictions about the future effects of land use.




                                                                                                                        1
analyze a local environmental issue or problem based on
                                                        Use a land use simulator to develop a sustainable land use
evidence from a variety of sources, and identify possible actions
and consequences                                        strategy that balances Alberta’s needs for natural resource
                                                        production and wildlife habitat.
Table 1: Knowledge and STS Outcomes taught by Alberta Tomorrow

Skill Outcomes                                                Alberta Tomorrow Education Strategy
Students will                                                 Students will
Ask questions about the relationships between and among       Predict the effects of land use on wildlife habitat and use a land use
observable variables, and plan investigations to address      simulator to test the prediction.
those questions.
Table 2: Skill Outcomes fostered by Alberta Tomorrow

Attitude Outcomes               Alberta Tomorrow Education Strategy
Interest in science             Interest to environmental research will be fostered by the opportunity to apply leading
                                technology to investigate the environmental effects of land use.
Scientific Inquiry              Students will use a scientific tool (land use simulator) to answer the question: what is a
                                sustainable land use strategy?
Stewardship                     By using a land use simulator to “experience” the economic and environmental effects of land
                                use, students will appreciate the need to balance economic and environmental values.
Table 3: Attitude Outcomes fostered by Alberta Tomorrow.

ICT Curriculum Outcomes:
C.5 - Students will use technology to aid collaboration during inquiry.
Specific Outcomes
3.1access, retrieve and share information from electronic sources, such as common files
3.2use networks to brainstorm, plan and share ideas with group members

C.6 - Students will use technology to investigate and/or solve problems.
Specific Outcomes
3.4pose and test solutions to problems by using computer applications, such as computer-assisted design
   or simulation/modelling software


F.1 - Students will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of technology.
Specific Outcomes
3.8demonstrate an understanding that technology is a process, technique or tool used to alter human
   activity

Time to Complete
1.5 hours to complete parts A-C. Part D is optional, and will require an additional 0.5 hours.

Materials
    This activity is internet based and therefore requires computers with an internet connection.
    Teachers can download the following from www.albertatomorrow.ca/teachers/teacher1.htm.
         o Science 7 lesson plan
         o Science 7 Student Activity Sheet
         o Land Use Plan Results Sheet
         o Presentation Marking Rubric
         o Land Use Powerpoint Slide


Procedure

Introduction




                                                                                                                         2
Alberta has beautiful prairie and forest ecosystems which provide wildlife habitat, clean water and
other ecosystem services, and great recreational opportunities. Our natural resources also help
support Alberta’s economy. Human activity has intended and unintended consequences on our
ecosystems.

Show students the land use powerpoint slide. In Alberta, we use the land for many things. In
Alberta, the forestry sector affects the ecosystem with things such as cut blocks. Agriculture
results in the loss of some native ecosystems. Roads, housing developments and electrical
networks affect the environment too. Oil and Gas Development affects the environment through
the building of seismic lines, oil and gas pipelines, and through oil sand/peat/or coal mining. All of
these human activities affect our environment.


In Alberta, we need to strive to attain sustainable development. What does that mean? Our
actions today should not harm the health of ecosystems for future generations. So, how do we
make decisions today to help achieve sustainable development?

Today, you will use a land use simulator. Simulators help us to predict what the future affects of
our activities today might be. This helps us to plan for the future.

   Watch the introduction movie. You can watch the movie by visiting
    http://www.albertatomorrow.ca, clicking the start button, and then selecting the introduction
    movie.
   Go over the activity sheet with students. Discuss what will be learned, and explain that the
    activity is organized into four parts: A) viewing short background movies; B) using the land
    use simulator to learn about unintended consequences of natural resource production; C)
    independent application of the land use simulator to develop a sustainable land use plan for
    Alberta; and D) identifying how we can conserve natural resources in our daily lives. Each
    part involves answering questions on the activity sheet.

Conclusion Questions:

    1. List 5 unintended impacts on the environment as a result of human needs and wants.
    2. Without tools like Alberta Tomorrow, would we be able to predict future environmental
       impacts?
    3. Will the simulator always predict exactly what will happen in the future? Why or Why not?

Evaluation:
Download the marking rubric
The answer key can be used to evaluate the completed activity sheets

Extensions:
       Have mock stakeholder meeting where each group presents their priorities (Appendix 1)
       Design a “bio bottle” closed ecosystem. Have the students identify how the bio bottle
        functions like our environment.
       Have students create a poster board of their land use plan to be presented to the class.
       Brainstorm steps they can take to reduce their impact on the environment.
       Brainstorm steps the school can take to reduce it’s impact on the environment.
       Analyze the school’s energy consumption.


Related Resources:
See the end of the simulation for related links.



                                                                                                     3
4
                   Alberta Tomorrow Grade 7 Answer Key
What you will learn:
First you will watch movies to learn about sustainable development. Next you
will use a computer simulator to develop your own sustainable development
strategy for Alberta!
Part A – Sustainable Development Movies
 Go to http://www.albertatomorrow.ca. Start Alberta Tomorrow.
 Watch the following movies: introduction, oil and gas production, agriculture production,
    timber production, native prairie, old forest, and caribou habitat.

QUESTIONS
Answer the question for each movie by checking the box beside the correct answer.
            Sustainable development is best defined as:
             □   Use natural resources as fast as we can so future generations don’t get them.
             □   Do not use any natural resources today so that future generations have as
                 many natural resources as possible.
             ■   Carefully manage natural resource use so that ecosystems are not harmed for
                 future generations.
             A benefit provided by the oil and gas sector is:
             ■   Provides over 1/4 of the money used by the Alberta government to pay for
                 services like healthcare.
             □   Employs 54 thousand people.
             □  Is the third largest producer of food in Canada.
             Approximately how many cows are there is Alberta?
             □   50,000
             ■   6,000,000
             □  400,000
             Over the past 50 years, timber production in Alberta has
             ■   increased
             □   not changed
             □   decreased
             An example of a species that lives in native prairie is the
             ■   burrowing owl
             □   flying squirrel
             □  woodland caribou
             Over the past 100 years, the amount of old forest in Alberta has
             □   increased
             □   not changed
             ■  decreased
             The amount of woodland caribou habitat today is
             □   double what existed historically
             □   the same amount as what existed historically
             ■   half what existed historically




                                                                                                 5
Part B – Intended and Unintended Consequence of Land Use

Step 1
In this step, you will use the land use simulator to see if it is possible to produce the same amount
of natural resources and maintain the same amount of wildlife habitat in the future.
a) Click Continue to the Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
b) Click Set Wildlife Conservation Goals.
c) Set each wildlife goal to Now.
d) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
e) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
f) Set each natural resource production goal to Now.
g) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
h) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
i) Use the information on the Welcome to the Year 2109 webpage to fill in the Current
     Production results in the SIMULATION RESULTS table at the bottom of this page. The old
     forest result is filled in for you.

 QUESTION
 Is it possible to maintain the same amount of natural resource production over the next 100
 years while also keeping the same amount of wildlife habitat? (Hint: Look at the faces to see
 whether you achieved the goal of maintaining natural resource production and wildlife habitat).

 Circle the correct answer:    YES      NO


Step 2
In this step, you will use the land use simulator to see what may happen if natural resource
production increases in Alberta.
a) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
b) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
c) Set each natural resource production goal to High.
d) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
e) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
f) Use the information on the Welcome to the Year 2109 webpage to fill in the Increased
     Production results into the SIMULATION RESULTS table below.

                                SIMULATION RESULTS TABLE
                                                        Current                       Increased
                                                       Production                     Production
Old forest habitat % of Goal Achieved?                     66                             56
Prairie % of Goal Achieved?                                98                              6
Caribou habitat % of Goal Achieved?                        43                              1
Forestry % of Goal Achieved?                              100                             35
Oil and gas production % of Goal Achieved?                100                              2
Agriculture production % of Goal Achieved?                 98                            103




                                                                                                   6
 QUESTION
 An intended consequence of natural resource development is to produce things that we use
 like timber, oil and gas, and food. An unintended consequence of natural resource
 development is reduction of wildlife habitat. An intended consequence of increasing natural
 resource production is that more oil and gas is produced. An unintended consequence of
 increasing natural resource production is that there is less caribou habitat. Using information
 from the SIMULATION RESULTS table on the previous page, describe one other unintended
 consequence of increasing natural resource production.

 The student may answer that an unintended consequence is: old forest habitat decreased, or
 prairie habitat decreased.




Step 3
In this step, you will try to reduce an unintended consequence of development. The unintended
consequence is loss of caribou habitat.
a) Click Return to Land Use Plan.
b) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
c) Your first task is to find out whether caribou habitat is likely to decline if we continue the
     current development strategy. To do this, set the goal for each type of natural resource
     production to Now.
d) Click Return to Land Use Plan.
e) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator. You should notice that you were not able to
     achieve your goal of maintaining the same amount of caribou habitat (frown).
f) Click the caribou habitat frown and read “What’s going on with caribou habitat?”.
g) Try the hints suggested by the “What’s going on with caribou habitat?” webpage.


 QUESTIONS
 Which of the following statements best explains why the caribou habitat goal was not achieved?
 ■   There are too many linear disturbances in the forest.
 □   There is not enough forest.
 □   There is not enough prairie.

 Were you able to achieve the caribou habitat goal using the hints?
 If so, what management strategy did you use to achieve the goal?
 When you changed the management strategy, did it change any of the other goals? Explain.

 Answer: To do this, the students will need to go back into the resource development goals, and
 click on the low impact or protection strategy, and run the simulator again. The student should
 be able to achieve the caribou habitat goal by using the low impact strategy and/or by using the
 protection strategy.

 By using the low impact strategy, caribou habitat increases greatly. By using the protection
 strategy, caribou habitat still increases, but the student is not able to achieve the forestry and oil
 and gas goals.




                                                                                                     7
Part C – Develop a Sustainable Development Strategy for Alberta
It is now time for you to design a sustainable development strategy for Alberta. Your challenge is
to design a land use plan that achieves your goals for Alberta’s future.

a) Navigate to the Land Use Plan page.
b) Set your own goals for wildlife habitat at the Set Wildlife Conservation Goals page.
c) Set your own development strategy at the Set Resource Development Goals page.
d) Simulate your land use plan. If you do not achieve a goal, click the frown to learn how to
   improve your land use plan. Use the land use plan results sheet to organize your results. If
   you get a sad face, scroll over it and read what’s in the “So What” box, and remember to click
   on it to go to the hints page.
e) Keep improving and simulating new plans until you are satisfied with the outcome. This may
   take quite a few tries! Click the print button to print out your land use plan.
f) Click Submit Plan.


 QUESTIONS
 A land use tradeoff occurs when decreasing one land use goal makes it easier to achieve
 another land use goal. For example, decreasing oil and gas production makes it easier to
 achieve the caribou habitat goal. Describe one other land use tradeoff that you discovered
 while building your sustainable land use plan.

 Answer: The student should describe how decreasing one land use goal helped achieve
 another land use goal.



 What type of land use plan did you design (environment, balanced or development)?

 There is no right or wrong answer.


 Which type of land use plan (environment, balanced or development) do you think is best?
 Provide reasons for your answer.

 There is no right or wrong answer.



PART D – Making Sustainable Development Happen

a) Go to http://www.albertatomorrow.ca/happen/happen1.htm.
b) Read the page. Then read about Reducing Consumption.




                                                                                                 8
QUESTIONS
i) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of wood or paper products that you use.

ii) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of oil or gas that you use.

iii) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of food that you use.

Answer: The student should describe how they can reduce their consumption of wood products,
oil and gas, and food.




                                                                                              9
                  Alberta Tomorrow Grade 7 Activity Sheet
What you will learn:
First you will watch movies to learn about sustainable development. Next you
will use a computer simulator to develop your own sustainable development
strategy for Alberta!
Part A – Sustainable Development Movies
 Go to http://www.albertatomorrow.ca. Start Alberta Tomorrow.
 Watch the following movies: introduction, oil and gas production, agriculture production,
    timber production, native prairie, old forest, and caribou habitat.

QUESTIONS
Answer the question for each movie by checking the box beside the correct answer.
            Sustainable development is best defined as:
             □   Use natural resources as fast as we can so future generations don’t get them.
             □   Do not use any natural resources today so that future generations have as
                 many natural resources as possible.
             □   Carefully manage natural resource use so that ecosystems are not harmed for
                 future generations.
             A benefit provided by the oil and gas sector is:
             □   Provides over 1/4 of the money used by the Alberta government to pay for
                 services like healthcare.
             □   Employs 54 thousand people.
             □  Is the third largest producer of food in Canada.
             Approximately how many cows are there is Alberta?
             □   50,000
             □   6,000,000
             □  400,000
             Over the past 50 years, timber production in Alberta has
             □   increased
             □   not changed
             □   decreased
             An example of a species that lives in native prairie is the
             □   burrowing owl
             □   flying squirrel
             □  woodland caribou
             Over the past 100 years, the amount of old forest in Alberta has
             □   increased
             □   not changed
             □  decreased
             The amount of woodland caribou habitat today is
             □   double what existed historically
             □   the same amount as what existed historically



                                                                                                 10
□   half what existed historically




                                     11
Part B – Intended and Unintended Consequence of Land Use

Step 1
In this step, you will use the land use simulator to see if it is possible to produce the same amount
of natural resources and maintain the same amount of wildlife habitat in the future.
j) Click Continue to the Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
k) Click Set Wildlife Conservation Goals.
l) Set each wildlife goal to Now.
m) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
n) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
o) Set each natural resource production goal to Now.
p) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
q) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
r) Use the information on the Welcome to the Year 2109 webpage to fill in the Current
     Production results in the SIMULATION RESULTS table at the bottom of this page. The old
     forest result is filled in for you.

 QUESTION
 Is it possible to maintain the same amount of natural resource production over the next 100
 years while also keeping the same amount of wildlife habitat? (Hint: Look at the faces to see
 whether you achieved the goal of maintaining natural resource production and wildlife habitat).

 Circle the correct answer:    YES      NO


Step 2
In this step, you will use the land use simulator to see what may happen if natural resource
production increases in Alberta.
g) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
h) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
i) Set each natural resource production goal to High.
j) Click Return to the Land Use Plan.
k) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator.
l) Use the information on the Welcome to the Year 2109 webpage to fill in the Increased
     Production results into the SIMULATION RESULTS table below.

                                SIMULATION RESULTS TABLE
                                                        Current                       Increased
                                                       Production                     Production
Old forest habitat % of Goal Achieved?                     66
Prairie habitat % of Goal Achieved?
Caribou habitat % of Goal Achieved?
Forestry % of goal Achieved?
Oil and gas production % of Goal Achieved?
Agriculture production % of Goal Achieved?




                                                                                                   12
 QUESTION
 An intended consequence of natural resource development is to produce things that we use
 like timber, oil and gas, and food. An unintended consequence of natural resource
 development is reduction of wildlife habitat. An intended consequence of increasing natural
 resource production is that more oil and gas is produced. An unintended consequence of
 increasing natural resource production is that there is less caribou habitat. Using information
 from the SIMULATION RESULTS table on the previous page, describe one other unintended
 consequence of increasing natural resource production.

 Answer:________________________________________________________________

 ______________________________________________________________________

 ______________________________________________________________________



Step 3
In this step, you will try to reduce an unintended consequence of development. The unintended
consequence is loss of caribou habitat.
h) Click Return to Land Use Plan.
i) Click Set Resource Development Goals.
j) Your first task is to find out whether caribou habitat is likely to decline if we continue the
     current development strategy. To do this, set the goal for each type of natural resource
     production to Now.
k) Click Return to Land Use Plan.
l) Click Run Alberta Tomorrow Simulator. You should notice that you were not able to
     achieve your goal of maintaining the same amount of caribou habitat (frown).
m) Click the caribou habitat frown and read “What’s going on with caribou habitat?”.
n) Try the hints suggested by the “What’s going on with caribou habitat?” webpage.




                                                                                                13
QUESTIONS
Which of the following statements best explains why the caribou habitat goal was not achieved?
□   There are too many linear disturbances in the forest.
□   There is not enough forest.
□   There is not enough prairie.

Were you able to achieve the caribou habitat goal using the hints? If so, what management
strategy did you use to achieve the goal?

Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

When you changed the management strategy, did it change any of the other goals? Explain.
____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                            14
Part C – Develop a Sustainable Development Strategy for Alberta
It is now time for you to design a sustainable development strategy for Alberta. Your challenge is
to design a land use plan that achieves your goals for Alberta’s future.

g) Navigate to the Land Use Plan page.
h) Set your own goals for wildlife habitat at the Set Wildlife Goals page.
i) Set your own development strategy at the Set Resource Development Goals.
j) Simulate your land use plan. If you do not achieve a goal, click the frown to learn how to
   improve your land use plan. Use the land use plan results sheet to organize your results. If
   you get a sad face, scroll over it and read what’s in the “So What” box, and remember to click
   on it to go to the hints page.
k) Keep improving and simulating new plans until you are satisfied with the outcome. This may
   take quite a few tries!
l) Click Submit Plan. Click the print button to print out your land use plan.


 QUESTIONS
 A land use tradeoff occurs when decreasing one land use goal makes it easier to achieve
 another land use goal. For example, decreasing oil and gas production makes it easier to
 achieve the caribou habitat goal. Describe one other land use tradeoff that you discovered
 while building your sustainable land use plan.

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________


 What type of land use plan did you design (environment, balanced or development)?

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________


 Which type of land use plan (environment, balanced or development) do you think is best?
 Provide reasons for your answer.

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                                15
PART D – Making Sustainable Development Happen

c) Go to http://www.albertatomorrow.ca/happen/happen1.htm.
d) Read the page. Then read about Reducing Consumption.


 QUESTIONS
 i) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of wood or paper products that you use.

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________


 ii) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of oil or gas that you use.

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________


 iii) Explain one way that you can conserve the amount of food that you use.

 Answer: _____________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________

 ____________________________________________________________________________




                                                                                           16
Appendix 1:
Alternative Teaching Strategy
Part B challenges students to apply their new understanding of land use to develop their own
sustainable land use strategy. An alternative way to challenge students to apply what they have
learned is through role playing. In role playing, the class is divided into groups. Each group has
a particular land use goal. The 5 suggested groups for this activity are: Forestry Company, Oil
and Gas Company, Farming Association, Environmental Organization and Fishing Association.
The goals of each group are as follows:

Forestry Company Goal: harvest as much timber as possible today and in the future

Oil and Gas Company Goal: produce as much oil and gas as possible today and in the future

Farming Association Goal: produce as much crops and livestock as possible today and in the
future

Environmental Organization: maintain as much carbon storage as possible to help reduce the
effects of climate change

Fishing Association: keep phosphorous runoff as low as possible to improve the quality of
fisheries

Each group is tasked with using the land use simulation model to develop a land use plan that
achieves their goal. Each group presents their land use plan to the class, saying why their land
use plan is a good idea.

Following the presentations, you can guide the class through a discussion where the goal is to
identify a land use plan that satisfies all groups. For the discussion, you can present yourself as
the government, and say that your goal is to identify a land use plan that balances all of their
goals. You can use the land use simulation tool during the class discussion to try solutions (land
use strategies) that are suggested by students.

Role playing with Alberta Tomorrow will help students to learn that land use decisions involve
tradeoffs. For example, maintaining as much carbon storage as possible reduces the amount of
natural resource production that can be achieved. Role playing also mimics how land use
planning occurs in real life. Different groups each have their own goals that they want met. The
government’s role is to identify a land use strategy that balances these goals.




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