S E C R E T S I N O U R G E N E T I C C O D E
Ray Lewandowski, M.D.
M J P • N E W YO R K
Copyright ©2008 Ray Lewandowski, MD
No part of this publication may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical or
electronic, including photocopying and recording, or by
any information storage and retrieval system, without
permission in writing from author or publisher (except by
a reviewer, who may quote brief passages and/or show brief
video clips in review).
ISBN: 978-1-60037-434-0 (Hardcover)
Library of Congress Control Number: 2008933998
Published by: Cover/Interior Design by:
Morgan James Publishing, LLC
1225 Franklin Ave Ste 32
Garden City, NY 11530-1693
Toll Free 800-485-4943
is book is dedicated to my wife and soul mate, Reese.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: EVENTS 1
Chapter 2: HUMAN LIFE 7
Chapter 3: BEYOND THE BODY 17
Chapter 4: IMPRINTING 29
Chapter 5: BEYOND APPEARANCES 39
Chapter 6: TERRITORY 45
Chapter 7: EVIL 59
Chapter 8: GOD AND WAR 67
Chapter 9: CONSCIENCE 73
Chapter 10: DEATH 79
Chapter 11: GOD 87
Chapter 12: CONCLUSION 93
concept of a supreme being. From the beginning of time,
in one way or another, people have worshiped the gods. For
the most part, this has occurred by blind faith. Scientists,
despite all of their tools, have not been able to prove or
disprove the presence of God. Just a few years ago, the
human genetic code was unraveled. Are there any clues in
our genetic code pointing to God? Walk with me through
this story that starts at the beginning of the universe and
become challenged by the presence of the Supreme Being
in your life.
Each of us has come into this world as to a new city,
in which he had no share before his birth.
Every man’s life is a fairy tale, written by God’s ﬁngers.
—H C A 2
A shock wave, propelled by a massive star’s
ultraviolet radiation, compressed a wall of
gas in a nebula enough so that parts of it
could gravitationally collapse. Over the next one hundred
thousand years, the massive star’s ultraviolet radiation
washed over our nascent sun’s shrinking gas cloud, shaping
it into a ﬁngerlike structure called an evaporating gaseous
globule. During the next ten thousand years, the ultraviolet
radiation boiled away the evaporating gaseous globule,
exposing our infant sun and its surrounding protoplanetary
disk. e radiation continued to erode the disk, pushing its
outer material into a teardrop shape.
2 C O Events
Ten thousand years later, our sun and the inner disk were
all that remained. It was around then that a nearby massive
star went supernova, splattering elements across our solar-
system-to-be. All of these elements inﬂuenced the kinds of
planets that formed and where they ended up.
e formation of our solar system, which includes
the sun and the earth, can hardly be thought of as an
accident. Events such as these do not just happen. ey
are complicated, and at any point in time, a very small
change in the cascade of actions could very easily have
changed the ﬁnal event. What appears to have been chaos
resulted in the formation of our home planet. Each event,
however unrelated it seemed at the time, had an eﬀect on
the ﬁnal result.
On earth, the story is much the same.
A butterﬂy ﬂaps its wings in Florida. A rattlesnake crawls
across a walking path, stopping some hikers. A scorpion
crawls under a modem placed on the ﬂoor and remains
there, still for the moment. An unpredicted storm forms
and heads toward Mount Everest as climbers reach the
dead zone. A storm front forms and spawns tornados that
track toward an unsuspecting town.
On earth, thousands of major and minor events like the
above occur every day. Each action has a direct eﬀect on those
The I of G 3
who are immediately involved, and each event also has an
eﬀect on those secondarily involved. But each occurrence has
a broader brush stroke. Just as apparently unrelated events
led to the formation of the sun and the earth, apparently
unconnected actions on earth are, in fact, related.
ere is a theory called chaos theory that helps to
explain the eﬀects of apparently unrelated events. Chaos
theory proposes that events such as those described above
are linked and have an eﬀect on everyone. Even the most
insigniﬁcant-appearing action in fact turns out to be very
important. None of us lives in a vacuum!
Let’s consider the butterﬂy for a moment. e butterﬂy
in Florida performs many functions. It ﬂies from ﬂower
to ﬂower, carrying pollen as it goes. It reproduces. Its
oﬀspring continue to pollinate ﬂowers, allowing the ﬂowers
to multiply and provide more food for new generations
of butterﬂies. All of these actions should make sense to
everyone. But what else does the butterﬂy do?
Much of the time, the butterﬂy provides enjoyment for
the people who see it. at enjoyment aﬀects the individual’s
attitude, which in turn has an eﬀect on the people that
the person comes into contact with. e butterﬂy is also
part of the food chain for birds, and birds perform many
important functions, just as butterﬂies do.
4 C O Events
e butterﬂy also ﬂaps its wings. ose air currents aﬀect
the air immediately around the butterﬂy. e air currents that
the butterﬂy creates eventually have an eﬀect on surrounding
air currents and, as a result, the weather worldwide!
A similar story can be weaved for the snake, the scorpion,
and the storms. e point is that virtually every action
taken by all living creatures has an intended or unintended
eﬀect on every other living creature, which means that all
living creatures are somehow intertwined. e life of every
life-form in some major or minor way aﬀects your life
and mine. Some of these eﬀects are so subtle that they go
unnoticed, but other events clearly aﬀect us and we may not
understand how they happened. e same can be said for
the formation and continuing evolution of the universe.
Consider the scope of this interconnection on earth
alone. ere are billions of organisms on earth. Every
action of each organism has an eﬀect, direct or indirect,
on every other organism. Similarly, the gravitational
pull of the earth inﬂuences all of the planets in our solar
system and the sun. Our solar system, in turn, eventually
inﬂuences all of the stars and planets in the universe!
And when one considers the likelihood that the universe
contains thousands of planets that are similar to earth,
many of which probably support some form of life, the
The I of G 5
process becomes even more complicated. How could
such an intricate system have evolved? How could such
a system be as orderly as it is? e mere presence of these
macrocosms and microcosms argues for the existence
of a supreme being. It also makes one realize how really
insigniﬁcant any one man or woman is.
e beginning of our universe and the eventual formation
of the sun and planets is a seemingly incredible event. e
formation of this macrocosm is almost beyond human
ability to understand. With the use of devices such as the
Hubble Space Telescope, we are unraveling the mysteries of
the formation of the universe a little more each day.
T he initiation of human life is a similarly
remarkable story at the microscopic level.
Creating new life is one of man’s natural
instincts. It is an innate instinct of all life-forms. Human
life begins in a most remarkable manner—an egg and
sperm unite, and the genetic information contained in both
combine. is begins a process which, when successful,
results in the creation of a healthy and unique human being.
e genes in that ﬁrst cell created by the union of the sperm
and the egg somehow direct the cell to divide into two cells,
then four, then eight, and then continue dividing until a
human embryo is formed. ose same genes somehow tell
each cell what to become and how to function.
8 C T Human Life
Just how does that process work? Scientists have spent and
continue to spend much time unraveling these events. One
of the most important works has been the sequencing of the
human genome. As remarkable as that event is, the genetic
and molecular mechanisms that are involved in the creation
of life remain poorly understood. How can that be?
e sequencing of the human genome makes it possible
for scientists to look at a piece of paper and see a gene.
In most cases, however, even though the scientist sees the
code, he or she does not know what that gene actually does.
Scientiﬁc work is ongoing that will eventually allow us to
understand our genetic blueprint completely, but we are
currently a long way from achieving that goal.
Our genetic makeup, our DNA, is made up of building
blocks. ere are four basic components comprising our
DNA. ese components, called nucleotides, link together
to form the DNA double helix. Let’s call these building
blocks “A,” “T,” “G,” and “C.” e A, T, G, and C spell
out genetic words called genes. Every combination of three
letters, or triplets, designates an amino acid. For example,
ATC designates isoleucine. Each gene is made up of many
triplets. e sequencing projects have allowed us to
discover the order in which the A, T, G, and C occur. It is
like a big dictionary. When scientists look at this dictionary,
The I of G 9
they can see where they believe a gene resides. However,
in most cases, scientists are still trying to understand what
each speciﬁc sequence says. e code allows us to locate
and spell the gene, but it does not give us the deﬁnition of
the gene’s purpose. is means that we have the blueprints
for life in front of us (the DNA code), but we have not yet
learned how to completely read them.
What we do know is that each person’s genes are that
individual’s unique blueprint for life, unlike any other
person’s blueprint. We also know that those genes are
inﬂuenced by the events that happen around them. ere
are portions of our DNA that do not spell out genes. We
are learning that some of these portions of DNA may have
the ability to control when and how our genes work. ese
portions of DNA may, for example, tell a speciﬁc gene to
turn on or turn oﬀ. In addition, there are inherited changes
in gene expression that are not due to any alteration in
the DNA sequence. ese are called epigenetic factors.
ere are also external factors that may inﬂuence our genes
and how they function, including medicines we may take,
viruses or bacteria that infect us, radiation from the sun and
stars, and many others. A virus may insert itself into our
DNA and change how a certain gene functions. Radiation
from outer space may mutate a gene and change how it is
10 C T Human Life
working. Who we are is determined by a combination of
our genes, the epigenetic factors, and the external factors
that inﬂuence them.
We have learned the location of several genes, and we
have learned exactly what some of those genes do. e
ﬁrst step in this process involves linking a human trait or
disease to a speciﬁc location in our DNA strand. is is not
unlike ﬁnding a city on a map when planning a trip. Once
we have the location, the next step is getting the address
or the exact position in the DNA where we hope to ﬁnd
the gene we are looking for. Once we reach the address,
we can then enter the house to understand what is inside.
In a similar manner, once scientists have found the gene
they are looking for, they next decipher the genetic code to
learn as much as they can about what that gene produces.
For example, this process has been successful in locating
and understanding the genes involved in cystic ﬁbrosis and
ere is one set of genes, however, that is especially
diﬃcult to ﬁnd and understand. ese genes are the ones that
determine just how a human being forms—the embryonic
genes. e embryonic genes are a challenge to ﬁnd because
once a baby is born, the embryonic genes are often “turned
oﬀ.” Finding these genes will be critical to understanding
The I of G 11
what is involved in making a human being and what has
gone wrong when the end product is not perfect.
We are now just beginning to understand what a gene is
or how it functions. e process of procreation is especially
complicated and mistakes often occur. Nevertheless, when
a couple starts a pregnancy, the expectation is always that
the baby is going to be perfect. Unfortunately, that is
not the case. Probably one half of all human pregnancies
are unsuccessful, many ending before the woman even
recognizes that she is pregnant. Even if the pregnancy is
successful, about one in every twenty babies is born with
a birth defect of varying severity. I am sure you know of
babies with a clubbed foot, a cleft lip, Down syndrome, or
An error in any gene can cause a problem for a person.
Humans have approximately twenty thousand genes,3 and
each gene has about four thousand parts. Any part can be
damaged. ere are, as a result, literally thousands of errors
that can occur when a baby is forming. is may result
in a less-than-perfect outcome. When one realizes these
facts, one comes to appreciate that the process of being
born healthy is a remarkable and treacherous journey. Is it
possible that this process just happens and that a normal
birth is a matter of luck?
12 C T Human Life
As scientists learn more about our genetic makeup, there
are parallel eﬀorts to ﬁx abnormal genes. If a mistake can
be found in a gene, in theory, it makes sense that we should
be able to ﬁx it. In practice, it is very diﬃcult to achieve.
Nevertheless, genetic engineering is an active and growing
ﬁeld. ere is little question that there will be advances
that will allow us to better cope with abnormalities in our
e eﬀorts currently underway will allow us to achieve a
better understanding of the facts of life, develop treatments
for diseases such as cancer, eliminate some genetic diseases
such as cystic ﬁbrosis and muscular dystrophy, and improve
lifestyle and life expectancy. Genetic engineering is slowly
becoming a reality.
Medical discoveries have played a signiﬁcant role in
improving and prolonging human life. Genetic discoveries
and genetic engineering will undoubtedly improve the
quality of life and further life expectancy. ere is not,
however, a fountain of youth. All animal life has a limit
that will not be exceeded. All of our discoveries will allow
us to get closer to that limit, but in the end, even with
continuing scientiﬁc discoveries, a human will always just
be a human, with built-in limitations.
ink about the scope of these issues. Whether we are
considering the formation of the universe or the creation
The I of G 13
of human life, the processes are extremely complicated
and interrelated. No one event, past, present, or future, is
isolated from all others. Each event has an inﬂuence on all
others. It is truly amazing!
e process of forming a human being is both fascinating
and treacherous. But what exactly is the ﬁnal product? What
is a man or a woman? At birth, there is a body. We know a
great deal about the body’s anatomy. Doctors know every
part of the body in incredible detail and exactly what it looks
like, even under the microscope. Scientists also understand,
for the most part, what the materials of life are and how
they are assembled. We know how much water our bodies
contain, how much salt and sugar our bodies contain, and
how much protein our muscles contain. In addition, there is
a good understanding of the underlying metabolic processes
that create and sustain life. It is also known how our kidneys
ﬁlter out waste, how our eyes see, how our ears hear, and
how salt moves in and out of cells. Our understanding of
the molecular basis of life is expanding. Scientists know the
products of some genes. We know what happens when some
genes have errors in them.
is understanding has allowed us to develop treatments
for various diseases. ere are therapies and drugs that allow
physicians to alter abnormal metabolic pathways to improve
14 C T Human Life
health, and in some cases, to cure diseases. All of these eﬀorts
and areas of knowledge will continue to expand.
Furthermore, signiﬁcant eﬀorts are currently being
made to ﬁnd and create cures for diseases that have a
known genetic basis. ese cures would involve correcting
a patient’s genetic defect. Examples of diseases that are
currently targeted for such research are cystic ﬁbrosis and
muscular dystrophy. e end result of these eﬀorts will be a
further lengthening of the human life span and producing
a better quality of life.
ese research eﬀorts are based in the knowledge of our
genetic code. at code, that remarkable code, is somehow
capable of directing what is equivalent to thousands of
workers constructing the most complex structure known
in nine months—the human body! Amazingly, we really
know very little about how the code works to accomplish
What we do know is that our genetic code has developed
and evolved over millions of years. We all know that we
inherit our characteristics from our parents. e vehicles
that allow those traits to be transmitted from one generation
to the next are our chromosomes. Chromosomes are like
envelopes. e “letters” or “instructions” inside those
envelopes are our DNA. e part of our DNA that is vital
The I of G 15
for transmitting our traits from one generation to another
is our genes. As we look further back than our parents,
grandparents, and great grandparents, it can be shown that
there is a common ancestor to all of us who lived hundreds
of thousands of years ago. at human precursor appears
to have originated in Africa.
But we know that humans did not just appear out of
nowhere all of a sudden. If we compare our DNA to the
DNA of other organisms, such as the mouse, we ﬁnd that
our DNA is almost identical. e fact that our DNA and
that of other organisms is so similar strongly suggests that
humans have evolved from lower animals. In fact, many
of our genes and those of lower animals have the same
functions. Just like we inherit characteristics from our
parents, we have inherited functions and instincts from
Even when we know the location of each and every gene
and what each protein does, we still will not have all of the
answers. We will know much more about the body and its
functions than we do now, right down to the molecular
activities, and this new knowledge will allow us to perform
better and live longer. But there is more to man than that.
W hen we are ﬁrst conceived, the one cell
resulting from the union of the egg
and the sperm divides. As more and
more cells appear, the cells begin to diﬀerentiate. Some
cells eventually become skin cells, some become bone
cells, and some become brain cells. Our genetic code and
epigenetic factors somehow determine just how and when
these events take place. At birth, our basic structures are
formed and are functioning.
e brain, however, is not complete at birth. e brain
continues to grow and develop over the ﬁrst several years
of life. We know that several types of cells make up the
18 C T Beyond the Body
various parts of the brain. Some of these cells look like
plants with long roots. ese cells communicate with each
other through biochemical means.
e brain is the physical structure that is the organ of
balance, memory, emotions, and many other functions
in the human body. At some point in early development,
the brain transcends into a mind that is unique from every
other human now, in the past, and yet to come. “Mind” is
deﬁned as the seat of consciousness, thought, feeling, and
will. How does the mind develop? Does one’s genetic code
help determine what the mind will be? Since the mind is not
a physical structure, does it transcend our genetic makeup?
Man’s brain is the most complex known organ. It is also
the most powerful computer. Every day, scientists are better
able to understand the physical structure of the brain. How
the brain functions by using its numerous biochemical
pathways is also increasingly understood. If the brain were
just a computer with predictable biochemical pathways,
everyone’s brain would be the same. We could put a label
on our forehead with the name of the processor i