Or VeShalom Passover Guide 2008

Document Sample
Or VeShalom Passover Guide 2008 Powered By Docstoc
					       Or VeShalom
      Passover Guide
        2008 - 5768

    Look inside for information about…
•   2nd Seder at OVS on April 20
•   Sundaes on Thursdays Classes
•   Schedule of Services at OVS
•   Kashering Guide for your Home
•   Sale of Hametz Form
                               Preparing for Passover
Passover requires more preparation than any        •   However, one may choose to keep some
other Jewish holiday. Shabbat Hagadol (“The            hametz aside to eat Friday and Shabbat. If
Great Sabbath”) commemorates the Shabbat               so, one should not say the “Kal Hamira”
that fell three days before the very first Pass-       (“all the Hametz”) formula which nullifies
over, for this was the day that our ancestors in       one’s unseen hametz at that time.
Egypt began preparing for the very first seder.    Friday April 18th — Biur Hametz. Any
This year, the preparations require particular     leavened products which are owned by a Jew
care because Passover begins on Saturday           over Passover are forbidden forever (even
night. Many of the observances that would          after Passover is over!). Therefore, it is im-
normally be held on the eve of Passover can-       portant to be rid of hametz. Even though one
not be performed on Shabbat, so they are           may eat Hametz until the next day, the prac-
pushed back to earlier in the week.                tice is to rid one’s self of Hametz at the same
                                                   time that one would otherwise do so, which
Thursday, April 17th is the Fast of the            this year is 12:30 p.m. One is required to
First-Born. First-born males are released          have at least two Shabbat meals at which
from their obligation to fast by participating     bread is eaten, and matzah should not be
in “Siyyum” — the conclusion of study of a         eaten the day before the seder. Some will
tractate of Talmud. This Siyyum, and a fes-        fulfill this obligation by keeping challah rolls
tive meal, will be held after Shacharit services   or pita and eating them in such a way as not
at 7:30 a.m.                                       to leave crumbs. Others use egg matzah for
Thursday Night is B’dikat Hametz - the             this purpose.
Search for Leaven. This is traditionally
done, by candlelight, the night before Pass-       Saturday morning, April 19th — Erev
over, immediately after sunset. When Pass-         Pesach. One may eat Hametz until 11:24 that
over falls on Saturday night, the search takes     morning. However, many of the normal
place on Thursday night.                           means of disposing of Hametz (burning, sell-
                                                   ing) are not permitted on Shabbat. Therefore,
•   It is customary to place small pieces of
                                                   it is recommended that any remaining Hametz
    bread (in napkins or bags, so no crumbs are
                                                   be thrown to the wind or rendered inedible.
    lost) at the windows, on the dressers, etc.,
                                                   At that time, one should recite the following:
    in the various rooms to be searched. These
    are gathered together during the checking.     “Any Hametz or leaven that is in my posses-
•   The person leading the search (or the          sion, which I have not seen, have not re-
    household together) recites the blessing       moved, whether I know about it or do not
    Barchu ata...asher kideshanu bemitzvotav       know about it, whether I have removed it or
    v’tzivanu al biur hametz.                      not, shall be annulled and become ownerless,
•   One searches the house by the light of a       like dust of the earth.”
    candle or flashlight and gathers the crumbs    During the remainder of the day, one may
    for burning the following morning. This
                                                   eat fruits, vegetables, meat or fish, or ko-
    should include areas where one knows
    hametz was hidden, and areas where             sher-for-Passover baked goods, but no
    hametz may not have been hidden. Any           bread or matzah. One may eat egg matzah
    hametz which is found should be set aside.     during this time.
                               Beginning the Seder
    Halachically, one should not start the first      1. Candle lighting - 8:50 p.m.
    seder until Passover has begun and Shabbat        2. Kiddush (First Cup)
    is over. If one starts the seder earlier but      3. Arami Oved Avi (“A Wandering
    wants to be careful in fulfilling the Torah              Aramean”)
    obligations of the seder at their appropriate     1. Rabban Gamliel Omer
    time, one might choose to begin with one’s        2. B’chol Dor Vador
    favorite songs, stories and activities, and a     3. Psalms 113-114
    more elaborate karpas/crudite plate, and          4. Second Cup of Wine
    save the following for after the “official”       5. Matzah/Marror/Korech
    start time of approximately 8:50 p.m.             6. Dinner

                                     Sale of Hametz
On Passover, Jews are forbidden from eating, or even owning, Hametz: food containing
wheat or other grain products that have had an opportunity to ferment or rise. This category
includes (but is not limited to) bread, cookies and cakes, dough, pasta, beer, and grain-based
spirits. If one owns a business (store, restaurant, bakery) one should arrange for sale of the
entire business.
If possible, all Hametz, should be eaten, destroyed or given away before the holiday begins.
The last option is most preferable in our city, where there are many who go hungry every
day. It is also customary to give extra charity at this time of the year for Ma’ot Chittim, spe-
cial funds set up within the Jewish community to benefit those for whom the process of pre-
paring for and celebrating the holiday would otherwise be difficult.
However, there is some Hametz that it would be a hardship to discard (for instance, that 18-
year-aged single-malt, or a chain of supermarkets). Therefore, it is also possible to store the
Hametz, in a place where it will be out of sight and unused over the course of the holiday,
and transfer its actual ownership to a non-Jew until the holiday ends. This legal maneuver is
not designed as a “cheap way out” of observing Passover, but rather to make it easier for us
to concentrate on the essence of the observance without waste or excessive hardship.
OVS will gladly accept responsibility for instituting this transaction, as well as repurchasing
your Hametz after Pesach. Please fill out the attached form and return it to the office no
later than noon on Friday, April 18, or fax it to OVS at 404-633-5938. The sale will take
effect at approximately 11:30 on the morning of Shabbat, April 19, and Rabbi Kassorla will
buy the food back, on your behalf, no later than 9:15 p.m. on Sunday, April 27. If you will
be in another time zone at the beginning or end of Passover, please note this on the form.
It is traditional to make a donation to the Rabbi’s Discretionary Fund when selling one’s
Hametz. This money will be distributed to those in need in our community to ensure that
they can also enjoy Passover.
                     Writ of Authorization: Sale of Hametz
                 Please return by noon on Friday, April 18, 2008!
Writ of Authorization:
I, the undersigned, fully empower and permit Rabbi Hayyim Kassorla to act on my be-
half to sell all Hametz possessed by me — knowingly or unknowingly — as defined by
the Torah and rabbinic law, and to lease all places where hametz I own may be found,
upon such terms as discretion dictates. These locations include, but are not limited to:
Primary Location:
Primary Address _______________________________________________________
        City _______________________ State _________
Specific locations at address (e.g., locked kitchen cabinets, liquor cabinet, etc.):
Approximate Value _________________________
Secondary Location (if applicable) where Hametz might also be found:
Secondary Address _____________________________________________________
           City _______________________ State _________
Specific locations at address: _____________________________________________
Approximate Value __________________________

I understand that the sale and associate lease will take effect at approximately 11:30 on
Shabbat morning, April 19, and that the Hametz will be returned to my possession, and
the lease terminated, at approximately 9:15 p.m. on Sunday, April 20. To this I affix
my signature on this ______day of ______, in the year 2008 according to the common
Name _______________________________________________________________
Email ______________________________________ Telephone _______________

_____ Enclosed is my check made out to the Rabbi’s Discretionary Fund at OVS.
                                        Kashering the House
Cleaning the house for Passover is regarded by some as the most vivid reminder of slavery in Egypt,
but need not be excessively onerous. For most utensils, it is better to have a separate set for Passover
use, but in some cases this is not practical, and the utensils may be able to be kashered for Passover
use. The process of kashering utensils depends on how they are used. Leaven can be purged from a
utensil by the same process in which it was absorbed in the utensil (kevoleo ken poleto). Therefore,
utensils used in cooking are kashered by boiling, those used in broiling are kashered by fire and heat,
and those used only for cold food may be kashered by rinsing. Any utensil which is to be kashered
should be left unused for a period of 24 hours between cleaning and kashering.
Earthenware (china, pottery, etc.) may not be             should be cleaned first; then, run the microwave
kashered. However, fine translucent china which           with a glass of water in it until the water has all
has not been used in over a year may be used if           boiled away. A microwave oven with a browning
scoured and cleansed in hot water. Plastic which          element cannot be kashered for Pesach. Toasters
comes into direct contact with hot food is generally      may not be kashered.
not considered to be kasherable.                          Dishwasher – After not using the dishwasher for
Metal utensils (wholly made of metal) used in fire        24 hours, run it on the highest power cycle, with
(spit, broiler, oven) must first be thoroughly            detergent but nothing else inside. Make sure that
scrubbed and cleaned and then made as hot as pos-         any filters are cleaned. (Note: the policy is more
sible. Those used for cooking with water and eating       lenient for dishwashers than for other utensils be-
(silverware, pots) must be thoroughly scrubbed and        cause they are typically used with poisonous deter-
cleaned and completely immersed in boiling water.         gent which cancels out any food flavors that might
A mesh bag can be helpful for lowering silverware         be otherwise absorbed.)
into the boiling water. Please be careful of boiling      Refrigerator/Freezer – Clean the interior thor-
water around children and pets. Larger pots should        oughly. If you cover the shelves, check your
have water boiled in them which will overflow the         owner’s manual to ensure that you are not obstruct-
rim. It is common practice to place a stone or a          ing the airflow.
small chunk of metal in the pot to ensure the pot         Electrical Appliances – If the parts that come into
retains heat. The utensils should not be used for a       contact with hametz are removable, they can be
period of 24 hours between the cleaning and the           kashered in the appropriate way (if metal, follow
boiling. Most metal baking utensils found in one’s        the rules for metal utensils). If their parts are not
home should not be kashered. Care must also be            removable, the appliance cannot be kashered.
taken for utensils which have handles — be sure to        Kitchen Sink – A metal sink can be kashered by a
remove any food which remains in the crevice be-          thorough cleaning and pouring boiling water over
tween the handle and the body of the pot. If handles      it. A porcelain sink should be cleaned and a sink
are plastic, it is preferable to set the pots aside for   rack used. If you are planning to soak dishes, a dish
Passover.                                                 basin must be used.
Glassware is not considered to be absorbent and           Tables, Closets and Counters – Formica, plastic,
may be kashered by thorough cleaning or running           silestone and Corian are considered to be kasher-
through the dishwasher. Glass which is used to high       able. If used with hametz, they should be thor-
heat (Pyrex, Corningware) can also be used after a        oughly cleaned and then they may be used. Glass
thorough cleaning.                                        tabletops require no koshering. True stone (granite,
Ovens and Ranges – Every part that comes in con-          slate, etc.), wood and metal may be covered, or
tact with food must be scrubbed and cleaned. Then,        kashered by pouring boiling water over them.
oven and range should be heated as hot as possible        Linens – Should be laundered.
for 30 to 45 minutes (a broil setting is best.) Self-     Hametz and non-Passover Utensils – Should ei-
cleaning ovens can be put through their self-             ther be discarded or sold. If sold, they should be
cleaning cycle. Continuous cleaning ovens must be         separated, locked or covered, and clearly marked to
treated like regular ovens. A microwave oven              prevent accidental use.
The following foods need no special certification at any time:
         • Raw, fresh, or frozen fruit not in any syrup; Dole pineapple in its own juice (canned fruit
            in syrup requires supervision)
         • Raw, fresh, or frozen vegetables, not in any sauce
         • Raw, frozen fish of the Kosher species, unbreaded, not in any sauce
         • Eggs
         • Raw nuts: whole, chopped or ground walnuts, pecans or almonds without preservatives

The following foods need no special certification if bought before Pesach and not opened until
the house has been kashered for Pesach, but do require certification if bought on Passover (this
is because trace quantities of Hametz may be cancelled out before the holiday, but not once the
holiday has begun).
      Aluminum foil with the OU symbol                        Milk (unflavored, e.g., not chocolate)
      Arrowroot (powdered)                                    Olive Oil (Pompeian Extra Virgin)
      Baby formula (Enfamil, Isomil, Prosobee, Similac)       Orange Juice (100% pure grade A)
      Bamboo shoots (canned from Taiwan or Japan)             Oven Cleaner (Dow, EasyOff or
      Brown Sugar (Domino)                                        Mr. Muscle)
      Canned fruits and vegetables (water packed only)        Pepper
      Carob powder                                            Saccharin or Sweet & Low Liquid
      Cocoa (any 100% pure)                                   Salt (non-iodized)
      Coffee (pure, not flavored, no cereal additives,        Sugar (granulated, white)
          not General Mills)                                  Spices (some spices, like mustard,
      Detergents (any with OU symbol)                             may be considered Kitniyot)
      Dried Fruit with the O-U symbol                         Tea (unflavored and instant Nestea,
      Dried whole herbs, McCormick pure, not blends               no flavoring)
      Grapefruit juice (any 100% pure grade A,                Vanilla Bean (whole - not vanilla
           if refrigeration required)                             extract)
      Honey (pure)                                            Water chestnuts (canned from Taiwan
      Juice (unsweetened bottled)                                 or Japan)
      Lemon juice (reconstituted)                             Yogurt culture
All other foods require Passover Certification, including:
      Wines, vinegar, liquor, oils, dried fruits, candy, chocolate milk, ice cream, yogurt, soda
Baked products:
     Cookies, bread, cake are no-brainers, but surprisingly, you must check for a “Kosher for
     Passover” mark on matzah, matzah flour, and any products containing matzah.
     Not all matzah is kosher for Passover!
The following are never allowed on Pesach:
  Baking Powder          Cereal                        Kasha                       Root beer
  Barley                 Crackers                      Millet                      Rye
  Beer                   Croutons                      Oats, oatmeal               Scotch
  Bourbon                Flour                         Pasta                       Wheat germ
  Bread                  Grain vinegar                 Pancake Mix                 Whiskey
  Bulgar                 Granola                       Powdered Sugar
                       OVS Schedule of Passover Services
THURSDAY    7:30 am         Shacharit - Siyyum B’chorim, which releases the first-born from the
4/17/08                     obligation of fasting by their participation in study of a concluding
                            portion of Talmud study. (Breakfast served.)
                            Last day to turn in your Hametz Sale form!
            evening         Search for Hametz
FRIDAY      12:30 pm        Biur Hametz (burning the hametz that was gathered the night before).
4/18/08                     NOTE: on Friday, 4/18, the kitchen (oven, sink, etc.) must be
                            completely kosher for Passover by this time, but one may keep a small
                            quantity of hametz (such as pita) to eat with Shabbat meals.
                            Hametz will be sold at this time.
            6:45 pm         Kabbalat Shabbat Services
            7:53 pm         Candle Lighting
SATURDAY    8:30 am         “Shabbat Hagadol” - we will break for a light Kiddush during services
4/19/08                     to have our last bit of hametz — the second meal of Shabbat with pita.
           11:24 am         Last time to eat Hametz
           12:30 pm         Bitul Hametz - remaining hametz must be destroyed in a Shabbat-
                            appropriate way or annulled by reciting the “Kal Hamira”
            7:00 pm         Mincha
            8:50 pm         Light candles from a pre-existing flame
                            FIRST SEDER
                            FIRST DAY OF PESACH
SUNDAY      8:30 am         Shacharit
4/20/08     7:00 pm         Mincha
            8:51 pm         Candle Lighting
                            SECOND SEDER
                            SECOND DAY OF PESACH
MONDAY      8:30 am         Shacharit
4/21/08     8:00 pm         Mincha
            8:53 pm         First Days of Pesach over
                            CHOL HA-MOED PESACH (Intermediate Days)
THURSDAY    7:30 am         Shacharit
FRIDAY      7:30 am         Shacharit
4/25/08     6:45 pm         Kabbalat Shabbat Services
            7:59 pm         Candle Lighting
                            SHABBAT & SEVENTH DAY OF PESACH
SATURDAY    8:30 am         Shabbat Morning Services
4/26/08     7:00 pm         Mincha & Arvit
            9:00 pm         Candle Lighting
                            EIGHTH DAY OF PESACH
SUNDAY      8:30 am         Shacharit
4/27/08                     YIZKOR MEMORIAL SERVICE (approximately 10:30 am)
            8:00 pm         Mincha
            9:00 pm         End of Passover
            9:20 pm         Hametz which was sold is repurchased
                         Join Rabbi Kassorla for
                    Sundaes on Thursdays
                        Come to the OVS Library,
          grab a scoop of ice cream and load on the toppings.
      Then sit back and enjoy an enlightening evening chock full
                   of information for the coming holiday.

8:00 p.m. Thursday, April 10 — “Preparations for Passover”
 7:30 p.m. Thursday, April 17 — “Insights into the Haggadah”

                                         Pesach is coming!
                                       Bring the whole family and
                                         join us for our annual
                             OVS Second Night Passover Seder
                                      Enjoy a totally Sephardic menu!
                                           This is not your Bubbie’s
                                     gefilte fish and matzah ball soup…
                                       it’s your Papou’s and Nona’s!

             Sunday, April 20 following services
Members:                                  Non-Members:
Adults                      $40           Adults                        $45
Children (6-12)     $25                   Children (6-12)      $30
Children (5 and under)      Free          Children (5 and under)        Free
   A vegetarian plate is available at the same price with prior notification.
          Call the Or VeShalom office at 404-633-1737 or email
 to reserve your space today!
                 Payment required at time of reservation.

                      Happy Passover!