Or VeShalom Passover Guide 2008 - 5768 Look inside for information about… • 2nd Seder at OVS on April 20 • Sundaes on Thursdays Classes • Schedule of Services at OVS • Kashering Guide for your Home • Sale of Hametz Form Preparing for Passover Passover requires more preparation than any • However, one may choose to keep some other Jewish holiday. Shabbat Hagadol (“The hametz aside to eat Friday and Shabbat. If Great Sabbath”) commemorates the Shabbat so, one should not say the “Kal Hamira” that fell three days before the very first Pass- (“all the Hametz”) formula which nullifies over, for this was the day that our ancestors in one’s unseen hametz at that time. Egypt began preparing for the very first seder. Friday April 18th — Biur Hametz. Any This year, the preparations require particular leavened products which are owned by a Jew care because Passover begins on Saturday over Passover are forbidden forever (even night. Many of the observances that would after Passover is over!). Therefore, it is im- normally be held on the eve of Passover can- portant to be rid of hametz. Even though one not be performed on Shabbat, so they are may eat Hametz until the next day, the prac- pushed back to earlier in the week. tice is to rid one’s self of Hametz at the same time that one would otherwise do so, which Thursday, April 17th is the Fast of the this year is 12:30 p.m. One is required to First-Born. First-born males are released have at least two Shabbat meals at which from their obligation to fast by participating bread is eaten, and matzah should not be in “Siyyum” — the conclusion of study of a eaten the day before the seder. Some will tractate of Talmud. This Siyyum, and a fes- fulfill this obligation by keeping challah rolls tive meal, will be held after Shacharit services or pita and eating them in such a way as not at 7:30 a.m. to leave crumbs. Others use egg matzah for Thursday Night is B’dikat Hametz - the this purpose. Search for Leaven. This is traditionally done, by candlelight, the night before Pass- Saturday morning, April 19th — Erev over, immediately after sunset. When Pass- Pesach. One may eat Hametz until 11:24 that over falls on Saturday night, the search takes morning. However, many of the normal place on Thursday night. means of disposing of Hametz (burning, sell- ing) are not permitted on Shabbat. Therefore, • It is customary to place small pieces of it is recommended that any remaining Hametz bread (in napkins or bags, so no crumbs are be thrown to the wind or rendered inedible. lost) at the windows, on the dressers, etc., At that time, one should recite the following: in the various rooms to be searched. These are gathered together during the checking. “Any Hametz or leaven that is in my posses- • The person leading the search (or the sion, which I have not seen, have not re- household together) recites the blessing moved, whether I know about it or do not Barchu ata...asher kideshanu bemitzvotav know about it, whether I have removed it or v’tzivanu al biur hametz. not, shall be annulled and become ownerless, • One searches the house by the light of a like dust of the earth.” candle or flashlight and gathers the crumbs During the remainder of the day, one may for burning the following morning. This eat fruits, vegetables, meat or fish, or ko- should include areas where one knows hametz was hidden, and areas where sher-for-Passover baked goods, but no hametz may not have been hidden. Any bread or matzah. One may eat egg matzah hametz which is found should be set aside. during this time. Beginning the Seder Halachically, one should not start the first 1. Candle lighting - 8:50 p.m. seder until Passover has begun and Shabbat 2. Kiddush (First Cup) is over. If one starts the seder earlier but 3. Arami Oved Avi (“A Wandering wants to be careful in fulfilling the Torah Aramean”) obligations of the seder at their appropriate 1. Rabban Gamliel Omer time, one might choose to begin with one’s 2. B’chol Dor Vador favorite songs, stories and activities, and a 3. Psalms 113-114 more elaborate karpas/crudite plate, and 4. Second Cup of Wine save the following for after the “official” 5. Matzah/Marror/Korech start time of approximately 8:50 p.m. 6. Dinner Sale of Hametz On Passover, Jews are forbidden from eating, or even owning, Hametz: food containing wheat or other grain products that have had an opportunity to ferment or rise. This category includes (but is not limited to) bread, cookies and cakes, dough, pasta, beer, and grain-based spirits. If one owns a business (store, restaurant, bakery) one should arrange for sale of the entire business. If possible, all Hametz, should be eaten, destroyed or given away before the holiday begins. The last option is most preferable in our city, where there are many who go hungry every day. It is also customary to give extra charity at this time of the year for Ma’ot Chittim, spe- cial funds set up within the Jewish community to benefit those for whom the process of pre- paring for and celebrating the holiday would otherwise be difficult. However, there is some Hametz that it would be a hardship to discard (for instance, that 18- year-aged single-malt, or a chain of supermarkets). Therefore, it is also possible to store the Hametz, in a place where it will be out of sight and unused over the course of the holiday, and transfer its actual ownership to a non-Jew until the holiday ends. This legal maneuver is not designed as a “cheap way out” of observing Passover, but rather to make it easier for us to concentrate on the essence of the observance without waste or excessive hardship. OVS will gladly accept responsibility for instituting this transaction, as well as repurchasing your Hametz after Pesach. Please fill out the attached form and return it to the office no later than noon on Friday, April 18, or fax it to OVS at 404-633-5938. The sale will take effect at approximately 11:30 on the morning of Shabbat, April 19, and Rabbi Kassorla will buy the food back, on your behalf, no later than 9:15 p.m. on Sunday, April 27. If you will be in another time zone at the beginning or end of Passover, please note this on the form. It is traditional to make a donation to the Rabbi’s Discretionary Fund when selling one’s Hametz. This money will be distributed to those in need in our community to ensure that they can also enjoy Passover. Writ of Authorization: Sale of Hametz Please return by noon on Friday, April 18, 2008! Writ of Authorization: I, the undersigned, fully empower and permit Rabbi Hayyim Kassorla to act on my be- half to sell all Hametz possessed by me — knowingly or unknowingly — as defined by the Torah and rabbinic law, and to lease all places where hametz I own may be found, upon such terms as discretion dictates. These locations include, but are not limited to: Primary Location: Primary Address _______________________________________________________ City _______________________ State _________ Specific locations at address (e.g., locked kitchen cabinets, liquor cabinet, etc.): _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Approximate Value _________________________ Secondary Location (if applicable) where Hametz might also be found: Secondary Address _____________________________________________________ City _______________________ State _________ Specific locations at address: _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Approximate Value __________________________ I understand that the sale and associate lease will take effect at approximately 11:30 on Shabbat morning, April 19, and that the Hametz will be returned to my possession, and the lease terminated, at approximately 9:15 p.m. on Sunday, April 20. To this I affix my signature on this ______day of ______, in the year 2008 according to the common calendar. Name _______________________________________________________________ Email ______________________________________ Telephone _______________ Signature_____________________________________________________________ _____ Enclosed is my check made out to the Rabbi’s Discretionary Fund at OVS. Kashering the House Cleaning the house for Passover is regarded by some as the most vivid reminder of slavery in Egypt, but need not be excessively onerous. For most utensils, it is better to have a separate set for Passover use, but in some cases this is not practical, and the utensils may be able to be kashered for Passover use. The process of kashering utensils depends on how they are used. Leaven can be purged from a utensil by the same process in which it was absorbed in the utensil (kevoleo ken poleto). Therefore, utensils used in cooking are kashered by boiling, those used in broiling are kashered by fire and heat, and those used only for cold food may be kashered by rinsing. Any utensil which is to be kashered should be left unused for a period of 24 hours between cleaning and kashering. Earthenware (china, pottery, etc.) may not be should be cleaned first; then, run the microwave kashered. However, fine translucent china which with a glass of water in it until the water has all has not been used in over a year may be used if boiled away. A microwave oven with a browning scoured and cleansed in hot water. Plastic which element cannot be kashered for Pesach. Toasters comes into direct contact with hot food is generally may not be kashered. not considered to be kasherable. Dishwasher – After not using the dishwasher for Metal utensils (wholly made of metal) used in fire 24 hours, run it on the highest power cycle, with (spit, broiler, oven) must first be thoroughly detergent but nothing else inside. Make sure that scrubbed and cleaned and then made as hot as pos- any filters are cleaned. (Note: the policy is more sible. Those used for cooking with water and eating lenient for dishwashers than for other utensils be- (silverware, pots) must be thoroughly scrubbed and cause they are typically used with poisonous deter- cleaned and completely immersed in boiling water. gent which cancels out any food flavors that might A mesh bag can be helpful for lowering silverware be otherwise absorbed.) into the boiling water. Please be careful of boiling Refrigerator/Freezer – Clean the interior thor- water around children and pets. Larger pots should oughly. If you cover the shelves, check your have water boiled in them which will overflow the owner’s manual to ensure that you are not obstruct- rim. It is common practice to place a stone or a ing the airflow. small chunk of metal in the pot to ensure the pot Electrical Appliances – If the parts that come into retains heat. The utensils should not be used for a contact with hametz are removable, they can be period of 24 hours between the cleaning and the kashered in the appropriate way (if metal, follow boiling. Most metal baking utensils found in one’s the rules for metal utensils). If their parts are not home should not be kashered. Care must also be removable, the appliance cannot be kashered. taken for utensils which have handles — be sure to Kitchen Sink – A metal sink can be kashered by a remove any food which remains in the crevice be- thorough cleaning and pouring boiling water over tween the handle and the body of the pot. If handles it. A porcelain sink should be cleaned and a sink are plastic, it is preferable to set the pots aside for rack used. If you are planning to soak dishes, a dish Passover. basin must be used. Glassware is not considered to be absorbent and Tables, Closets and Counters – Formica, plastic, may be kashered by thorough cleaning or running silestone and Corian are considered to be kasher- through the dishwasher. Glass which is used to high able. If used with hametz, they should be thor- heat (Pyrex, Corningware) can also be used after a oughly cleaned and then they may be used. Glass thorough cleaning. tabletops require no koshering. True stone (granite, Ovens and Ranges – Every part that comes in con- slate, etc.), wood and metal may be covered, or tact with food must be scrubbed and cleaned. Then, kashered by pouring boiling water over them. oven and range should be heated as hot as possible Linens – Should be laundered. for 30 to 45 minutes (a broil setting is best.) Self- Hametz and non-Passover Utensils – Should ei- cleaning ovens can be put through their self- ther be discarded or sold. If sold, they should be cleaning cycle. Continuous cleaning ovens must be separated, locked or covered, and clearly marked to treated like regular ovens. A microwave oven prevent accidental use. PASSOVER FOODS AND HOUSEHOLD ITEMS GUIDELINES The following foods need no special certification at any time: • Raw, fresh, or frozen fruit not in any syrup; Dole pineapple in its own juice (canned fruit in syrup requires supervision) • Raw, fresh, or frozen vegetables, not in any sauce • Raw, frozen fish of the Kosher species, unbreaded, not in any sauce • Eggs • Raw nuts: whole, chopped or ground walnuts, pecans or almonds without preservatives The following foods need no special certification if bought before Pesach and not opened until the house has been kashered for Pesach, but do require certification if bought on Passover (this is because trace quantities of Hametz may be cancelled out before the holiday, but not once the holiday has begun). Aluminum foil with the OU symbol Milk (unflavored, e.g., not chocolate) Arrowroot (powdered) Olive Oil (Pompeian Extra Virgin) Baby formula (Enfamil, Isomil, Prosobee, Similac) Orange Juice (100% pure grade A) Bamboo shoots (canned from Taiwan or Japan) Oven Cleaner (Dow, EasyOff or Brown Sugar (Domino) Mr. Muscle) Canned fruits and vegetables (water packed only) Pepper Carob powder Saccharin or Sweet & Low Liquid Cocoa (any 100% pure) Salt (non-iodized) Coffee (pure, not flavored, no cereal additives, Sugar (granulated, white) not General Mills) Spices (some spices, like mustard, Detergents (any with OU symbol) may be considered Kitniyot) Dried Fruit with the O-U symbol Tea (unflavored and instant Nestea, Dried whole herbs, McCormick pure, not blends no flavoring) Grapefruit juice (any 100% pure grade A, Vanilla Bean (whole - not vanilla if refrigeration required) extract) Honey (pure) Water chestnuts (canned from Taiwan Juice (unsweetened bottled) or Japan) Lemon juice (reconstituted) Yogurt culture All other foods require Passover Certification, including: Wines, vinegar, liquor, oils, dried fruits, candy, chocolate milk, ice cream, yogurt, soda Baked products: Cookies, bread, cake are no-brainers, but surprisingly, you must check for a “Kosher for Passover” mark on matzah, matzah flour, and any products containing matzah. Not all matzah is kosher for Passover! The following are never allowed on Pesach: Baking Powder Cereal Kasha Root beer Barley Crackers Millet Rye Beer Croutons Oats, oatmeal Scotch Bourbon Flour Pasta Wheat germ Bread Grain vinegar Pancake Mix Whiskey Bulgar Granola Powdered Sugar OVS Schedule of Passover Services THURSDAY 7:30 am Shacharit - Siyyum B’chorim, which releases the first-born from the 4/17/08 obligation of fasting by their participation in study of a concluding portion of Talmud study. (Breakfast served.) Last day to turn in your Hametz Sale form! evening Search for Hametz FRIDAY 12:30 pm Biur Hametz (burning the hametz that was gathered the night before). 4/18/08 NOTE: on Friday, 4/18, the kitchen (oven, sink, etc.) must be completely kosher for Passover by this time, but one may keep a small quantity of hametz (such as pita) to eat with Shabbat meals. Hametz will be sold at this time. 6:45 pm Kabbalat Shabbat Services 7:53 pm Candle Lighting SATURDAY 8:30 am “Shabbat Hagadol” - we will break for a light Kiddush during services 4/19/08 to have our last bit of hametz — the second meal of Shabbat with pita. 11:24 am Last time to eat Hametz 12:30 pm Bitul Hametz - remaining hametz must be destroyed in a Shabbat- appropriate way or annulled by reciting the “Kal Hamira” 7:00 pm Mincha 8:50 pm Light candles from a pre-existing flame FIRST SEDER FIRST DAY OF PESACH SUNDAY 8:30 am Shacharit 4/20/08 7:00 pm Mincha 8:51 pm Candle Lighting SECOND SEDER SECOND DAY OF PESACH MONDAY 8:30 am Shacharit 4/21/08 8:00 pm Mincha 8:53 pm First Days of Pesach over CHOL HA-MOED PESACH (Intermediate Days) THURSDAY 7:30 am Shacharit 4/24/08 FRIDAY 7:30 am Shacharit 4/25/08 6:45 pm Kabbalat Shabbat Services 7:59 pm Candle Lighting SHABBAT & SEVENTH DAY OF PESACH SATURDAY 8:30 am Shabbat Morning Services 4/26/08 7:00 pm Mincha & Arvit 9:00 pm Candle Lighting EIGHTH DAY OF PESACH SUNDAY 8:30 am Shacharit 4/27/08 YIZKOR MEMORIAL SERVICE (approximately 10:30 am) 8:00 pm Mincha 9:00 pm End of Passover 9:20 pm Hametz which was sold is repurchased Join Rabbi Kassorla for Sundaes on Thursdays Come to the OVS Library, grab a scoop of ice cream and load on the toppings. Then sit back and enjoy an enlightening evening chock full of information for the coming holiday. 8:00 p.m. Thursday, April 10 — “Preparations for Passover” 7:30 p.m. Thursday, April 17 — “Insights into the Haggadah” Pesach is coming! Bring the whole family and join us for our annual OVS Second Night Passover Seder Enjoy a totally Sephardic menu! This is not your Bubbie’s gefilte fish and matzah ball soup… it’s your Papou’s and Nona’s! Sunday, April 20 following services Members: Non-Members: Adults $40 Adults $45 Children (6-12) $25 Children (6-12) $30 Children (5 and under) Free Children (5 and under) Free A vegetarian plate is available at the same price with prior notification. Call the Or VeShalom office at 404-633-1737 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to reserve your space today! Payment required at time of reservation. Happy Passover!