CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES
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CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MIDDLE COLONIES THE MIDDLE COLONIES Middle Colonies included Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New T he Jersey. The most imp ortant and typi cal colonies were Pennsy lvania and New York. New York Origi nallydiscovered , owned, and settled by the Dutch. Settlements developed in New Netherlands in 1624. The British took Ne w Yo rk fr om the Dut ch in 16 64. The col on y was given to the king ’s brother, the D uke of York, later became the king, James II. It was, of cou rse, a royal colony. New Jersey Itwas given to friends of the Duke of York i n 1664. It was divided into East Jersey and West Jersey. East Jersey included Dut ch and S cots . West Jersey was prima rily Quaker. New Jersey was united into one colon y in 1702 . New Jersey was a royal col ony. Pennsylvania Itwas owned by Willia m Penn and originally was set up for profit and as a haven for Quakers. Religious tole ration was pra cticed in Penns ylvania . Germans , Dutch, and F ren ch we re encouraged to move there . (Pennsylva nia Dutch a ctually German.) Pennsylvania was a prop rietary col ony . Delaware Delaware was origi nally settled by the Swedes. Atfirst, Delaware was the lower three counties of Pennsyl va nia. It was separated into a separate col ony in 1 701. Delaware was a proprietary colony. The kinds of settlers in the Middle Colonies included: Religiousdissente rs such as Quake rs, Catholi cs, and Jews . The kinds of settlers in the Middle C olonies incl uded (cont.): Many Non-Britis h ca me: Dutch Swedish. Germans French Artisans Indentured servants There was a great amount of diversity of religions in the Middle Colonies.