éêçÅÉÇìêÉ=ÇçÅìãÉåí PR-2127-055-05 Machine Guarding Scope This procedure applies to all personnel of Redland City Council performing work which include contractors, visitors and volunteers. Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidelines for Redland City Council machinery users on machine guarding to minimise the risk to health and safety when working with or near machinery. Definitions = Enclosure – a fixed physical barrier. Fence – fence or rail enclosure restricting access. Guard – prevents contact with moving parts. Hazard - a hazard is a source of potential harm or a situation with the potential to cause loss. In-going Nip Points - two or more mechanical components rotating in opposite directions in the same plane and in close conjunction or interaction. Location – physical inaccessibility under normal operating conditions - hazards within one meter of the floor are considered accessible. Mechanical Power – mechanical components including gears, cams, shafts, pulleys and belts etc that transmit energy and motion from source of power to points of operation. Point of Operation – where work is actually performed on materials. Risk – a chance that an event will occur in a workplace which will result in personal injury or loss to an organization. RCC – Redland City Council. Shear Points – a reciprocal (sliding) movement of a mechanical component past a stationary point on a machine such as the blades of a screw conveyor. Supervisor - a person in control of a workplace. (Example: overseer, foreman, ganger, leading hand & team leader). Training Officer – any person that performs or conducts training to any employee, contractor, visitor or volunteer. CMR Team use only Department: CORPORATE SERVICES Effective date: 08/12/2008 Group: Human Resources Version: 2 Approved by: General Manager Corporate Services Review date: 31/12/2011 Date approved: 08/12/2008 Page: 1 of 4 éêçÅÉÇìêÉ=ÇçÅìãÉåí PR-2127-055-05 Actions and Responsibilities Chief Executive Officer - The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for any outcomes from hazards or risks associated with the organisation. Managers - Managers are responsible for ensuring the development and implementation of the machine guarding management procedure. Supervisors - Supervisors are responsible for ensuring staff and contractors under their control are aware of, and comply with, machine guarding requirements. WHS Unit – The WHS Unit are responsible for: • providing assistance in machine guarding development; • assisting in the selection of personal protective equipment; • ensuring risk assessments are conducted for machine guarding; • providing periodic audits of machine guarding; • advising Managers / Supervisors on machine guarding control strategies; • ensuring ongoing training and educational sessions are conducted. Training Officer - The Training Officer in association with the Supervisor is to ensure that employees have access to appropriate training in the area of machine guarding. Training should be provided in the following instances: • when a worker is inducted into jobs which require machinery use; • when new tasks, equipment, tools or processes are introduced; • refresher training at regular intervals and after returning from an extended absence. Employees - Employees are to: • comply with machine guarding requirements as detailed in this procedure; • look for hazards / risks in relation to machine guarding and report them to their Supervisor together with any suggestions to manage / reduce the risk. General Safety Machines are a major cause of accidents and must be identified and controlled to avoid injury to employees working on or near machines. General Requirements Regarding: Service and Maintenance Machine manufacturers consider a range of likely hazards associated with use of a machine at the time of manufacture and accordingly install machine guards where it is considered by the manufacturer to be appropriate. Guarding supplied by the manufacturer should therefore remain in place on the equipment except during properly protected repair and maintenance that utilises energy neutralisation procedures such as lock out / tag out. All guards shall be re-installed before the equipment is returned to service. CMR Team use only Department: CORPORATE SERVICES Effective date: 08/12/2008 Group: Human Resources Version: 2 Approved by: General Manager Corporate Services Review date: 31/12/2011 Date approved: 08/12/2008 Page: 2 of 4 éêçÅÉÇìêÉ=ÇçÅìãÉåí PR-2127-055-05 All personnel performing servicing and maintenance must be properly trained, qualified, and competent to perform the task. Only authorised employees are permitted to perform servicing and maintenance on machines and remove guards. Risk Assessment Manufacturers cannot however anticipate the complete range of uses to which machines will be applied. Accordingly, any machine motion or condition, which can cause injury, is considered hazardous and the risks associated with this hazard should be assessed and controlled using the Risk Assessment Process. By performing a risk assessment, decisions related to requirements for safe handling (e.g. lock out and tagging, guards effectiveness, maintenance and replacement) can be made. Potential machine hazards that may require guarding controls can be identified through reviewing manufacturer checklists, consultation with suppliers and employees, and a review of injury records. Where Risk Assessment shows that the machinery presenting the hazard needs to continue in use, guarding should be considered as one of the risk control measures. In considering guarding as a control the following points, as an example, require specific consideration: • points of operation; • in-going nip points; • rotating parts; • flying chips and sparks. Requirements of Machine Guards Where machine safeguards are determined as an appropriate risk control measure they must: • conform to or exceed the requirements of Australian Standards and workplace health and safety; • afford maximum protection; • prevent access to the danger zone during operation; • not weaken the structure of the machine; • not interfere with the machines operation; • be designed for the specific machine and job; • be fire and corrosive resistant; • be durable; • not be a source of additional hazard. Requirement for Subsequent Risk Assessment Wherever the risks associated with machinery have been controlled via use of a guard (either through modification of an existing guard or the development of a new guard) a subsequent written risk assessment must be completed. From the findings of the risk assessment a work procedure would need to be developed to guide operators. CMR Team use only Department: CORPORATE SERVICES Effective date: 08/12/2008 Group: Human Resources Version: 2 Approved by: General Manager Corporate Services Review date: 31/12/2011 Date approved: 08/12/2008 Page: 3 of 4 éêçÅÉÇìêÉ=ÇçÅìãÉåí PR-2127-055-05 Training Even the most elaborate safeguarding system can not offer effective protection unless the operator knows how to use it and why. Specific and detailed training is therefore a crucial part of any effort to provide safeguarding against machine related hazards. Thorough operator training should involve instruction or hands on training in the following: • a description and identification of the hazards associated with particular machines; • the safeguards themselves, how they provide protection and the hazards for which they are intended; • how to use the safeguards and why; • how and under what circumstances safeguards can be removed and by whom (in most cases, repair or maintenance personnel only); • what to do (e.g. contact the supervisor) if a safeguard is damaged, missing or unable to provide adequate protection. This kind of safety training is necessary for new operators and maintenance or set up personnel. When any new or altered safeguards are put in service or when operators are assigned to a new machine or operation. Reference Documents Workplace Health and Safety Act 1995; Workplace Health and Safety Regulations 2008; Plant Advisory Standard; Australian Standard AS 4024.1- 1996 Safeguarding of Machinery; Workplace Health and Safety – Guide to Practical Machine Guarding. Associated Documents FACT-2127-055-B Machine Guarding Guidelines; FACT-2127-055-C Types of Machine Safeguarding. Document Control • Only the General Manager Corporate Services can approve amendments to this document. Please forward any requests to change the content of this document to the General Manager. • Approved amended documents must be submitted to the Office of the Chief Executive Officer to place the document on the Policy, Guidelines and the Procedures Register. CMR Team use only Department: CORPORATE SERVICES Effective date: 08/12/2008 Group: Human Resources Version: 2 Approved by: General Manager Corporate Services Review date: 31/12/2011 Date approved: 08/12/2008 Page: 4 of 4
"PR-2127-055-05 - Machine Guarding"