Mr Fourex The backyard mango tree

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					                              The Queensland                                                                                                  enir
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                                                                                                                                           ouFirssue
                                                                                                                                          S i
                             Heritage Icons List
                                                                          2004
                                          TWELVE FAMILIAR QUEENSLAND ICONS NOMINATED BY QUEENSLANDERS AND
                                          JUDGED BY A PANEL ESTABLISHED BY THE NATIONAL TRUST OF QUEENSLAND.




                   Would these have been
                   your top twelve choices?
DURING 2004 the National Trust of Queensland            a comprehensive list of familiar items of             You may not agree with all of those items chosen
invited all of the people of Queensland to nom-         significance in the cultural history of the State     from nominations in 2004. You may feel that
inate a favourite Queensland icon for inclusion         of Queensland.                                        there are other items more deserving of an early
in this initial List of Queensland Heritage Icons.                                                            listing. Happily, you have the opportunity in
                                                        Items listed will inherently represent an imp-
The plan was to establish eight items each year.                                                              2005 to suggest your own first choices.
                                                        ortant part of our history or will have contributed
The response, however, has led to a listing
                                                        to our cultural identity and will have won a          Simply follow the directions we have included
of twelve.
                                                        lasting place in our memories. The list of icons      on the last page of this paper. The National Trust
The further plan is to add another twelve icons         may include objects or places or traditions but       of Queensland values your participation.
to the list each year, thus building for all time       will not include people.




                   The backyard
 QUEENSLAND ICON




                   mango tree
ONCE, when almost every Queensland home                 Under a good mango tree there were lots of ripe
                                                                                                               Peter Maxwell



had a backyard, there were many more backyard           mangos lying around on the ground. Birds loved
mango trees.                                            them but left there they did smell a bit. If you
                                                        were a kid it was your job to rake them up. You
The mango tree usually grew “down the back” past
                                                        never ate them. They were too squishy. Instead,
the clothesline. It stayed green and gave us shade
                                                        you threw a stick at that perfect mango still
through every season. A good mango tree flowered
                                                        hanging in the tree. The trick was to catch it as
every year in time to let us know that summer was
                                                        it fell.
on its way. Soon it would carry little green mangos.
Some mums made them into jam or chutney.                As long as there are Queensland summers the
                                                        backyard mango tree will have its place in any
Then the mangos went from green through pink
                                                        list of Queensland icons.
to golden yellow. And they were delicious.




                                                        Mr Fourex
QUEENSL A N D ICON



Acknowledgement:
Mr Fourex website
                                                        of similarity, however, our little man was on the     the Popular Beer.”
                                                        scene long before Paddy became a force at Milton,
MR FOUREX appeared                                                                                            He remained a central character in XXXX
                                                        so his true identity remains a mystery.
on the scene in the                                                                                           newspaper advertising right through until the late
mid-1920s, not long                                     Mr. Fourex quickly became the face of the XXXX        60s and early 70s, when Television became a more
after the launch of the                                 brand, the cheeky little bloke who could always be    popular and powerful advertising medium.
revamped XXXX Bitter                                    found at the front bar of a hotel, spinning a yarn
                                                                                                              In the late 1970s, a full beer glass was permanently
Ale in 1924.                                            and sharing a laugh with his mates.
                                                                                                              added to the Mr Fourex caricature, to add to his
There are many theories                                 In the earliest newspaper advertising, he appeared    sociability and sense of fun.
surrounding his true                                    without a hat, but the XXXX Boater arrived
                                                                                                              His popularity prompted Castlemaine Perkins
origins.                                                quickly, helping marry up the beer with the man.
                                                                                                              management in the mid 1980s to erect a Mr
One suggestion is that Mr.                              The newspaper ads depicted the little fellowʼs wide   Fourex neon on the side of the brewery. Late
Fourex was modelled on a well-known dwarf who           range of interests - and expertise!                   every afternoon, the little fellow winks at the
sold newspapers in the inner city suburb of Fortitude                                                         tens of thousands of motorists, departing the city
                                                        Whether it was picking a winner at the races,
Valley in the late 1920ʼs.                                                                                    along Milton Road towards their homes in the
                                                        behind the cricket stumps, at the footy, or even
                                                                                                              western suburbs.
Others say he is actually the canny Paddy               predicting the weekend weather, Mr Fourex was
Fitzgerald who was the General Manager of the           full of good ideas and knowledge.                     Mr Fourex. A very recognisable
Castlemaine Perkins Brewery during a period of                                                                Queensland icon.
                                                        But one thing was for certain - Queenslanders
great growth. There certainly seems to be a degree
                                                        loved their XXXX . As Mr Fourex said, “XXXX,

                                                            SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004
                                                Queensland’s
  QUEENSLAND ICON




Acknowledgement:
Bundaberg Rum website
                                                Bundy Rum
QUEENSLANDERS are very proud of                        THE POLAR BEAR
Bundaberg Rum. Deeply rooted in the history of
                                                       Australian Rum Distillers Pty Ltd was owned 54%
Queensland and regional Australia, Bundaberg
                                                       by Millaquin Sugar Company (of Bundaberg)
Rum has become an important part of Australian
                                                       and 46% by Samuel McMahon. This proved to
folklore. Bearing the name of the town where it
                                                       be an excellent move and the present day look
is made, this extremely popular drink dates back
                                                       of Bundaberg Rum owes a great deal to Sam
over 100 years to when the Bundaberg Distilling
                                                       McMahon, the brother of former Prime Minister
Company was first formed by a consortium of
                                                       Billy McMahon. Sam designed the distinctive
local sugar millers.
                                                       square bottle and the memorable three-piece
In the early days of Australiaʼs history, Bundaberg    label. The polar bear, which is featured on the
Rum was popular amongst drovers and people             top label, was also Samʼs idea.
on the land because it was portable and didnʼt
have to be chilled to be enjoyed at the end of a       To many, the polar bear seemed a strange choice
long hard day.                                         for a product from tropical Bundaberg, but Sam
                                                       McMahon believed it implied that Bundaberg
Australian diggers also loved the spirit. In the       Rum could ward off even the wickedest chill!
First and Second World Wars, the manufacture           It has stood the test of time and the Bundaberg
of rum was a preferred industry, viewed as             Rum polar bear is one of Australiaʼs most
essential to the war effort. Almost the entire         recognisable trademarks.                             travelling to Bundaberg to visit the famous
Bundaberg Rum production was commandeered                                                                   distillery and sample its product.
by the armed services.                                 QUEENSLAND”S GIFT TO AUSTRALIA
                                                       Originating in Queensland, Bundaberg Rum has         Most Bundaberg Rum drinkers credit the
Back in those days, Queenslandʼs favourite drink       been embraced by all Australians. It receives        popularity of their drink to its full, rich and
was recognised more by its taste than by its           passionate support from “yachties” across the        distinctive taste. Nothing else tastes like it.
packaging. Bottled by agents all over Australia,       country, jackaroos in the Victorian Highland
it was the full bodied, rich and distinctive flavour                                                        Born out of the burning sugar cane fields of
                                                       Country, miners in Kalgoorlie, Barramundi
of Bundaberg Rum that distinguished it from                                                                 tropical Queensland it is a product determined
                                                       fishermen in the Northern Territory and
any other. To gain more control of their precious                                                           by climatic and maturation factors. Only the
                                                       university students, to name but a few.
product, in 1961 the Bundaberg Distilling                                                                   finest sugar cane, grown in Queenslandʼs rich
Company decided to award the sole rights for the       Today, the popularity of Bundaberg Rum               and volcanic soil, is used to give Bundaberg
marketing of Bundaberg Rum outside Queensland          continues to grow with people all over Australia     Rum its unique flavour.
to Australian Rum Distillers Pty Ltd.




Condamine Bell
Penny Cook
                                                                                                                                    QUEENSLAND ICON




During the early pioneering days of the last           The most successful and popular bell was first       Christy Andersen was never a resident at
century, when vast areas of land were unfenced,        made in Condamine by Mr Samuel Williams              Condamine, nor was he taught bell making by
the bullock team was the only means of heavy           Jones, who had a Smithy by the Condamine             S. W. Jones. At about the time Christy Andersen
transport to the newly settled areas.                  River from early 1866 to late 1878. The ʻBull-       came to Miles in 1878 from Dalby, S.W .Jones
Bullock bells were therefore a necessity in those      frogʼ or ʻJonesʼ bell, as it was first known,        had left Condamine for Brisbane. Another
times, to enable the teamster to find his team when    became famous under its better known title of        blacksmith who made Condamine type bells at
they had strayed from camp or the homestead after      the ʻCondamine Bellʼ. The sound of this bell         Surat in the late 1880ʼs to 1890ʼs and later in
having been unyoked overnight. The greater the         had great carrying power and claims that it had      Brisbane was Mr Thomas Beckett, who stamped
sound carry of the bell, the better it was.            been heard six and even seven mile away were         the bell tongue while hot with his initials T.B.
                                                       common in those days.                                He, too, had lived in Dalby but he was never an
                                                                                                            assistant to S.W. Jones and was not taught bell
                                                       His first bells were made out of pit-saw or cross-
                                                                                                            making by him either. Many early blacksmiths
                                                       cut saw blades, which were formed, riveted and
                                                                                                            copied the original Condamine Bell, but their
                                                       brazed. This bell tapered into a mouth, instead
                                                                                                            bells were untuned.
                                                       of the normal bell shape which flares outward
                                                       at the rim.                                          Mr C Andersen became well known as maker of
                                                                                                            Condamine Bells at Miles from 1896. The bell
                                                       The true Jones bell was stamped with a Registered
                                                                                                            tongue only was stamped with C. ANDERSEN.
                                                       Trade Mark, Lion above SWJ monogram, and
                                                                                                            The true Jones and early Andersen bells are few
                                                       the bell tongue was stamped while hot with S.W.
                                                                                                            to find now in good condition. Authenticity of
                                                       Jones. These bells today are greatly prized relics
                                                                                                            an Andersen bell is, of course, doubtful if it does
                                                       of an era which can never come again.
                                                                                                            not have the original bell tongue intact.
                                                       The bells became so well known that orders
                                                                                                            The biography of these two pioneers makes
                                                       came from as far afield as Western Australia and
                                                                                                            interesting reading.
                                                       the Northern Territory.




                                                          SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004
                             Queensland’s
 QUEENSLAND ICON




                             Famous Ekka
QUEENSLANDERS mark early August every                Over the years, a wide
                                                                                                                              Helen Gregory



year as ʻEkkaʼ time. That popular name for the       range of buildings, show
largest agricultural show in Queensland also         rings and other structures
celebrates our love of abbreviation. The Royal       have evolved on the site.
National Agricultural and Industrial Association     Some of Queenslandʼs
of Queenslandʼs Exhibition to give the Show its      most notable architects
correct title - has had several name changes since   designed the main
the first show in 1876, but the site in Gregory      buildings. GHM Addison
Terrace, just outside Brisbaneʼs central business    designed the decorative
district, has remained the same.                     main exhibition building
                                                     on the Bowen Bridge
Smaller regional shows had been held since
                                                     Road and Gregory Street
1854, but this was the first exhibition for all of
                                                     corner (1891), Claude
Queensland. August was chosen to avoid clashes
                                                     Chambers designed the
with the smaller shows, and because the weather
                                                     John MacDonald Stand
was usually fine at that time of the year. In the
                                                     (1906), Richard Gailey,
past 128 years, the Ekka has been cancelled only
                                                     Junior, designed the
twice – in 1919, during the Spanish flu pandemic,
                                                     Industrial Pavilion (1938-
when some of the exhibition buildings were used
                                                     39) and the Ernest Baynes                               The legendary cricketer, Sir Donald Bradman,
as an emergency hospital, and in 1942, at the
                                                     stand. In 1920, the Prince of Wales, later King         made his test debut at the Brisbane Exhibition
beginning of the Pacific War, when the grounds
                                                     Edward VIII, visited the Exhibition and ʻRoyalʼ         Grounds in 1928-29. Much more controversially,
were a huge Army camp. Although soldiers
remained camped at the grounds until 1944,           was incorporated into the name of the National          the 1971 Rugby Union test match between
sufficient space was available to hold the Ekka in   Agricultural and Agricultural Association.              Australia and South Africa was held at the
every year of the War, apart from 1942.              Sideshow alley became a venue for famous                Exhibition Grounds during a state of emergency
                                                     Australian showmen and, from the second half of         declared by the Premier, Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen,
The National Agricultural and Industrial             the twentieth century, increasingly sophisticated       as a means of controlling demonstrations against
Association of Queensland was formed in              rides and entertainment.                                apartheid. The Rugby test was played with
1875 to organise the first exhibition to trumpet                                                             police ringing the field to protect the players.
proudly Queenslandʼs prosperity, progress            After World War II, a number of new                     The Exhibition grounds also host a wide variety
and produce to the other Australian colonies.        buildings were constructed to accommodate               of popular events at other times of the year from
The exhibition grounds were originally a five        the growing exhibition, including the Beef              garden shows to boat shows and, in the 1960s
hectare section of the land of the Queensland        Cattle Pavilion (1950), the Dairy Industry Hall,        and 1970s, annual University of Queensland
Acclimatisation Society, formed to promote the       a range of buildings to house cars, machinery           examinations. On 3 July 1989, it was the venue
acclimatisation of economically useful plants,       and the ever-popular sample bags, the RNAʼs             for the first public airing of the report of the
but have grown more than fourfold to their           administration building (1970), the Agricultural        Fitzgerald Inquiry into corruption in Queensland.
present size, twenty-two hectares.                   Hall and Douglas Wadley Pavilion and, in
                                                               1972, a purpose built animal nursery,         The Ekka has been very important in bringing city
                                                               extremely popular with young city             and country people together, helping city people
                                                               children. Business, industry and              to understand the challenge country people face
                                                               government show their wares in                in producing meat, wool and cheese, and crops
                                                               increasing numbers at each annual             ranging from pineapples to cut flowers. It is also
                                                               Ekka.                                         a lively time for socialising – families in sideshow
                                                                                                             alley, country and city people at the Cattlemanʼs
                                                               The Show grounds have also been an            Bar and the annual Show balls, and competitors
                                                               important venue for cricket, football,        showing their prize animals in the main ring.
                                                               athletics and speedcar racing.




                             Hugh Lunn’s port
 Q U E E N S L AND I C O N




                             causes storm            Finally, I went to the Inquiries desk and said
                                                                                                                                 Hugh Lunn

                                                                                                             A very upper crust word indeed. In fact, itʼs a wonder
                                                     angrily: “I canʼt find my port. I need my port          down south they donʼt accuse us of putting on airs,
                                                     tonight or I canʼt operate.”                            because Portmanteau is from the French word for
                                                     The man behind the counter looked at me                 a “cloak-carrier”. In Paris it means a leather case
                                                     strangely.                                              which divides into two halves.
                                                     “My port,” I said. “It never arrived on the plane       But to me, and anyone else in Queensland, a port
                                                     from Brisbane. Youʼve lost my port.”                    is – and hopefully always will be -- just a bag
                                                                                                             you carried things in: whether on your back or by
                                                     He picked up the phone, and shortly two security        your side. Just like in Queensland a duchess is a
                                                     men arrived: “This gentlemanʼs looking for some Port.   dressing table with a mirror, and togs are things
                                                     He reckons he had some, but someone took it.”           you wear when swimming.
THE FIRST TIME I realised that the word “port”       It was a case of be arrested for creating a             Not cossies or swimmers.
was a Queensland Icon was at Adelaide Airport        disturbance, or explain that – to a Queenslander
in the 1970s.                                        – a port was not an alcoholic drink, but the thing      At primary school at Mary Immaculate Convent,
                                                     you carried your baggage in.                            Annerley, I wore my port on my back with
After seven years working as a journalist                                                                    squashed tomato sandwiches and a damp
overseas, I had returned to my hometown of           A suitcase.                                             Queensland Reader inside. At secondary school
Brisbane and was working as a journalist on The                                                              we carried our Globite ports in one hand with
Australian in its Brisbane bureau.                   They wanted to know where we got such a word?
                                                                                                             football or cricket boots tied to the handle and
It was the last flight into Adelaide and so it was   That was like asking where the word “butter” came       hanging down the outside.
late at night by the time everyone had collected     from. Though when I got home I made inquiries
                                                     and was told it was short for portmanteau.              At bus or tram stops all the schoolboys sat on
their luggage from the carousel.                                                                             their port with one leg on either side.
Except me.                                                                                                   Itʼs what made us Queenslanders.

                                                         SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004
                                 Gunsynd
              QUEENSLAND ICON




                                                                                               Peter Maxwell



                                 The Goondiwindi Grey
                                                          “That Goondoowindi syndicate” of George              Any punter would tell you that this mighty grey
                                                          Pippos, Bill Bishop, Jim Coorey and “Winks”          was a “goer”. A battler all the way, and a winner
                                                          McMicking paid $1300 for the grey at the             too, he won the hearts of battlers and winners
                                                          Brisbane sales. Joe McNamara, who bred him,          alike. He was one of their own.
                                                          didnʼt expect him to fetch more than $400. The
                                                                                                               Gunsynd was also, it must be said, a bit of
                                                          Queenslanders must have known something.
                                                                                                               a show-off. He lapped up the attention and
                                                          THE DARLING OF THE PUNTERS.                          delighted crowds all over the country by standing
                                                          Gunsynd had 55 races for 29 wins, 6 second           to attention to receive their applause both before
                                                          places, a dead heat for another second, and six      and after a race. He loved every moment of it and
                                                          thirds. He won a total of $280,455 in stakes         in turn he was truly loved.
                                                          and was sold to stud for another $270,000. But       Gunsynd died in 1983 and is buried at Scone in
                                                          no statistics can hope to tell the story of The      New South Wales at a place with a New Zealand
                                                          Goondiwindi Grey.                                    name - Kia Ora Stud. But make no mistake, he is
                                                          Why did punters love him so? Why did even            a Queensland icon.
                                                          non-punters adore him? Was it that he was
                                                          unfashionably grey and came from humble
   MAKE NO MISTAKE, Gunsynd was a
                                                          beginnings? Was it that weʼd waited 26 years
   Queenslander. He may have been bred across the
                                                          since Bernborough for a true champion of our
   border but he was Queenslandʼs champion of the
                                                          own? Well, none of these reasons alone.
   turf. He raced his way into our hearts from his
   first start, making up a dozen places to beat the 5    A TRUE HERO.
   to 2 on favourite Instantor in the Hopeful Stakes      The real reason for the extraordinary popularity
   at Eagle Farm in October of 1969. He wrote his         of Gunsynd was his raw courage. This very
   first record in this his first run.                    special horse had a fierce desire always to win.
                                                          The blistering finish was his trade mark.
QU E E N S L A N D I C O N




                                Goanna Oil & Salve
                                Helen Gregory


   Goanna Oil and Salve, those pungent remedies for       oil to purify it and added the ingredients from
   all that aches, were generated in the romance of       the snake bite ʻcureʼ as well as eucalyptus oil.
   late nineteenth century Australia. Their inventor,     Business boomed. Joe moved the business
   Cornelius Joseph Marconi, was an Irish immigrant       twice, first to Gotha Street, Fortitude Valley and
   who took his chances as a puppeteer with a             then to a big new house, ʻAstraʼ, in Duke Street,
   traveling vaudeville troupe. At various points         Bulimba where he converted the space under the
   along the troupeʼs route through the outback, Joe      house to his factory.
   Marconi went on bush expeditions with ʻProfessorʼ
                                                          His flair for showmanship generated clever
   Morrissey, a likeable charlatan, who claimed to
                                                          and amusing advertising campaigns.            All
   have invented an antidote for snakebite made from
                                                          advertisements had clear references to the
   indigenous plants and herbs.
                                                          Australian bush. Joe linked forces with that
   Joe noticed that many bushies had adopted the          icon of Queensland writing, Steele Rudd, and
   Aboriginal custom of using goanna fat to dress         advertised regularly in the Steele Rudd Annual.
   wounds and, in its liquefied form, to soothe           It is likely that the illustrator of the annuals,
   their aches and pains. In southern Queensland,         Ashton Murphy, who was also a contributor to
   Aboriginal people frequently mixed goanna              the Bulletin, was responsible for the art work in    were in the armed forces, the business was
   oil with dugong oil to rub on their tired limbs        the Goanna Oil and Salve advertisements. Joe         continued by their youngest brother, Con, and
   and bodies, a practice noted by the Queensland         Marconi burst into print in his own publication,     their three sisters.
   Protector of Aborigines, Archibald Meston.             Modern Nursery Rhymes.
                                                                                                               American soldiers in Brisbane during the War
   Meston used goanna oil and wrote: ʻthe effect on
                                                          Modern concerns finally caught up with Joe           adopted Goanna products as enthusiastically as
   the skin and muscles is particularly beneficial at
                                                          Marconi. The Queensland government placed            Australiaʼs fighting forces in both world wars.
   all times. For athletes it eclipses any other known
                                                          the goanna on the list of protected species in       Testimonials flowed in from all over the world,
   oil ... It is also an excellent oil for guns, knives
                                                          1918, but Joe was not vanquished. He acquired        positioning the business for a booming post-war
   or razorsʼ. In this period, bush remedies often
                                                          his goannas from New South Wales, and kept           export trade. The next generation of the Marconi
   came with the highest medical endorsement.
                                                          them in his ʻgoanneryʼ on vacant land opposite       family continued the business in the post-war
   Dr William Hobbs, a pioneering Brisbane
                                                          his house at Bulimba. After Joeʼs sudden death       era until 1982 – their 70th anniversary – when
   physician, advocated dugong oil processed to
                                                          in 1922, the business was continued by his sons,     they sold the business to another Queensland
   make stearine, a substitute for that early doctorsʼ
                                                          Joe Junior and Norman, a celebrated Australian       company, Herron Pharmaceuticals.
   cure-all, cod liver oil.
                                                          aviator. The Goanna logo was always painted
                                                                                                               No goannas have been used in manufacture for
   Joe Marconi went into business in 1910 at his          somewhere on Normanʼs planes, particularly on
                                                                                                               many years – but the recipe remains a dead secret!
   home in Kennedy Terrace, Paddington. He                his seaplanes which he moored on the Brisbane
   used a network of contacts throughout the bush         River, close to the family home at Bulimba.
   to supply him with goanna oil. Joe filtered the        During World War II, when Joe and Norman

                                                             SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004
                        Alvey fishing
      QUEENSLAND ICON




                        reels
FISHING is an enormously popular recreation
                                                       Helen Gregory


                                                        growing liaison between the family business and
all over the world.       In Queensland, and            top anglers, a tradition maintained by his son,
increasingly throughout Australia and overseas,         Bruce. In this way, the Alvey firm has been able
Alvey fishing reels have been essential items           to keep up with changing trends and has often
of equipment for sport and recreational fishing.        adapted their reels using suggestions from their
The Alvey company is a Queensland success story         clients. In return, the Alvey company has been
and has been owned by the same family for almost        a strong promoter and sponsor of sport fishing
85 years.                                               at national, state and local levels, including the
                                                        Junior Anglers Association.
In 1920, Charles Alvey, an immigrant from
England, was a keen fisherman who saw the need          Soon after the War, the factory was expanded
for a reel which was easy to use, easy to cast,         many times to keep up with demand and the staff
simple to maintain and solidly made. Working            at St Lucia grew to fifty people. Overseas orders
on the principle of the Scottish Mallock reel,          started to flood in during the 1960s, and the Alvey
Charles Alvey designed a reel which allowed             firm earned the nation valuable export dollars.
the body of the reel to be turned sideways when         It was clear that a larger site would be needed.
casting so that the line ran freely from the edge of    Before that could happen, tragedy struck. Ken
a specially shaped spool and, when the reel was         Alvey died in 1973 and, shortly afterwards, the
snapped back into fishing position, easy control        enormous Australia Day floods in January 1974
and forceful rewinding. Charles Alveyʼs original        wreaked their havoc on the riverside factory.
ʻfactoryʼ was a small shed without electric power       Somehow, after enormous efforts, the business
on the banks of the Brisbane River in Macquarie         was up and running again two months later.
Street, St Lucia. Using a treadle lathe, he was         The firm continued to expand as a family
able to produce twenty reels each week.                 business. Jack Alveyʼs son Bruce, an engineering
Success came quickly. By 1923, demand had               graduate, became the first of the fourth generation   combinations. Jack Alvey, OAM, was able to see
grown to the extent that Charles Alveyʼs son,           to develop the business. In 1978, the expansion       this expansion before his death in 2001.
Ken, a pattern maker and draftsman, joined the          postponed by the flood became possible when
                                                                                                              From the very beginning, quality and
business. The business grew, even in the tough          the firm acquired land at Carole Park and built a
                                                                                                              workmanship have been hallmarks of Alvey
climate of the 1930s depression, and by the time        factory which opened in September 1978. Only
                                                                                                              reels which last for years. This has been no bar
World War II began, 25,000 Alvey reels were             ten years later, the new factory was expanded
                                                        and Jackʼs youngest son, Glenn, joined the firm.      to growing local and overseas markets – just as
produced annually. War interrupted the reel                                                                   the Alvey family has passed its business from
manufacture, and the machinery was converted            The latest materials and technology allowed
                                                        fibreglass, carbon and graphite materials to be       generation to generation, its devoted customers
to producing vehicle and aircraft parts, essential                                                            pass the Alvey habit down to their succeeding
                                                        used in Alvey reels. The range of Alvey products
to Australiaʼs fighting forces.                                                                               generations. The Alvey business remains a
                                                        broadened to include accessories such as hand
Sadly, Charles Alvey died in 1945, but his business     casters, bait traps, bait buckets and tackle boxes.   Queensland-owned family firm with a loyal,
was carried on by his family, firstly Ken Alveyʼs       During the 1990s, a number of new reels were          competent staff who have frequently stayed for
son, Jack, who joined the business in 1946.             added to the Alvey range, which by 2004 had           forty or fifty years.
Jack Alvey was a keen fisherman and champion            grown to fifty different reels. In the 1990s,
distance caster and was able to strengthen the          Alveyʼs started selling rods and rod and reel




                        Southern Cross
QUEENSLAND ICON




                        Windmills
SOUTHERN CROSS WINDMILLS are an                        The famous marketing began in 1903. After
                                                                                                  Acknowledgement: Southern Cross website


                                                                                                              engines, generators and irrigation systems – and
icon in the Queensland countryside. They are an        other various improvements (including other            the company also had large orders during World
integral part of the cultural landscape from the       names such as “Zephyr” and “Eureka”)                   War II for the army for engines and generators.
coast to the outback. And they have been so for        “Southern Cross” came into being. These were           By the 1950s power generation for rural towns and
over 100 years.                                        the first geared windmills and thousands of them       properties in Australia
                                                       were produced over the next decade or so. The          was synonymous with
THE NEED FOR WATER
                                                       company continued to improve their windmills,          the name Southern
Southern Cross Pumps and Irrigation was started        including much larger wheels, over many                Cross.
by Mr George Griffiths with his Ironmongery            decades. A detailed technical history is available
and Agricultural Equipment repair shop in                                                                     Various       company
                                                       on Tyco web site.
Toowoomba in the 1870s. The first windmills                                                                   changes       occurred
were made around 1876. They were wooden,               The company formed by Mr Griffiths is in itself        in recent decades
and were generally ʻmade to orderʼ. The                a Queensland success story – a 19th century            resulting in Tyco Flow
Griffiths factory was constantly improving on          version of the ʻSmart Stateʼ. By early in the          Control Pacific now
windmill designs, resulting in the “Economy            20th century he was also manufacturing well            producing Southern
Windmill” (1876-1884), the “Simplex Economy            drilling equipment, kerosene engines, pumps and        Cross windmills for
Mills” (1886-1892) and then the “Little Wonder         milking machine systems. By 1911 the company           distribution not only in
Windmill” (1889-1893). Even in those days,             had a number of branches throughout the State.         Australian but across
marketing was obviously important.                     Further new products were later made – diesel          the world.




                                                            SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004
                     The Royal
 QUEENSLAND ICON




                                                                                                                                                         Acknowledgement: RFDS website




                     Flying Doctors                                                years, establishing mission hospitals in a number                                A successful demonstration of the new machine
                                                                                   of places in the Territory. Of importance to his                                 was staged at Cloncurry on Melbourne Cup Day
                                                                                   later achievements, he was also interested in                                    1927. There was, however, still one problem.
                                                                                   early radio communication.                                                       If one person in a remote area had to operate
                                                                                                                                                                    the radio to call for help by themselves, hand-
                                                                                   The idea of an aerial medical service came from
                                                                                                                                                                    cranking and operating the Morse code radio was
                                                                                   a young medical student called Clifford Peel. He
                                                                                                                                                                    almost physically impossible. The clever Traeger
                                                                                   wrote to John Flynn in 1917 while on the boat
                                                                                                                                                                    simply attached foot pedals to the generator, and
                                                                                   taking him to the war in France. Peel sadly never
                                                                                                                                                                    hence the famous peddle radio‚ that served on
                                                                                   returned, but John Flynn was a man of profound
                                                                                                                                                                    outback stations for many decades.
                                                                                   honour and he ensured that Clifford Peelʼs idea was
                                                                                   always acknowledged. It was to be ten years after                                The Aerial Medical Service was then established
                                                                                   the end of the war in 1918 that the first trial of what                          on 15 May 1928 in Cloncurry. Although the
                                                                                   was to become the RFDS started in Cloncurry.                                     trial period was a success, the Service struggled
THE ROYAL FLYING DOCTOR SERVICE                                                                                                                                     financially through the 1930s depression
                                                                                   The first vital part of establishing an aerial medical
(RFDS) was established in 1928 at Cloncurry in                                                                                                                      years. The Presbyterian Church created a new
                                                                                   service was radio communication. Flynn saw the
Queensland on a yearʼs trial. The driving force                                                                                                                     organisation in 1934, called the Australian
                                                                                   value of radio in the outback in about 1920. At
behind its establishment was the Rev John Flynn                                                                                                                     Aerial Medical Service, and new bases sprang up
                                                                                   that stage the technology was cumbersome and
of the Australian Inland Mission.                                                                                                                                   around the country. In the 1940s it was renamed
                                                                                   expensive, and unreliable in harsh conditions.
                                                                                                                                                                    the Flying Doctor Service, with the Royal prefix
In 1912 John Flynn was appointed as the first                                      Flynn became involved in more robust wireless‚
                                                                                                                                                                    being granted by the Queen in the same decade.
Superintendent of the Australian Inland Mission,                                   sets and in 1925 the Mission employed an
the bush department‚ of the Presbyterian Church.                                   engineer called Alf Traeger. They worked                                         Although the RFDS then went on from strength to
Its operational headquarters was at Beltana                                        together and sent their first message to each                                    strength, it still relies heavily on fund raising and
Station, South Australia. Flynn quickly became                                     other between Alice Springs and Hermannsburg,                                    volunteers. And many Australians support this icon
particularly interested in the problem of lack of                                  a distance of 140 kilometres. A big advance was                                  that commenced in Queensland as it continues to
medical assistance for bush people. He did a lot                                   Traegerʼs invention of a hand-cranked generator                                  operate from 20 bases, 24 hours a day, 365 days a
of work in the Northern Territory in those early                                   able to supply enough power to work the radio.                                   year across a huge area of the country.




                     She’s a real
 QUEENSLAND ICON




                     icon, Hey?
THEY donʼt say it down south. Itʼs just a                                           You hear Eh? in the Pacific. You hear Eh? in
                                                                                                                                                             Peter Maxwell

                                                                                                                                                                     Melanesian Micronesian
Queensland thing. Itʼs an iconic expression.                                        New Zealand. In Queensland you hear Hey? (In                                     Polynesian contribution to
Hey?                                                                                New South Wales theyʼll end a sentence in “but”.                                 our Queensland language?
                                                                                    But thatʼs another story.)
You wouldnʼt spell it Eh? Thatʼs what they say                                                                                                                       Itʼs just a guess but
in the Islands. The Kiwis say it that way, too. It                                  If you follow the migration of the people of                                     not a bad one. Hey?
sounds a bit like a very short “air”.                                               the Pacific youʼll find them in New Zealand,
                                                                                    of course, and in Queensland. Especially North                                   Any thoughts?
We say Hey? A long drawn out Hey? It rhymes                                         Queensland, where they came in to work
with “Gʼday”. The “H”, of course, is silent.                                        years ago.
So where does it come from? Nobody really                                           Could it be that they brought Eh? with them and,
seems to know, so hereʼs a theory thatʼll do until                                  given an Aussie accent, it became Hey? A sort of
a better one comes along.
                   cut out form here




    To nominate an item for inclusion in The List of Queensland Heritage                                                   ....................................................................................................................
    Icons: 2005 simply copy or tear out this form, fill it in and send it to
    National Trust of Queensland. GPO Box 538. BRISBANE 4001.                                                              ....................................................................................................................
    Or drop in at 95 William Street in Brisbane.                                                                           ....................................................................................................................
    Or go to www.nationaltrustqld.org
                                                                                                                           ....................................................................................................................
    I nominate ..................................................................................................          ....................................................................................................................
    ....................................................................................................................   ....................................................................................................................
    ....................................................................................................................   ....................................................................................................................
    (If the item is not familiar, tell us more about it here. What it is,                                                  My name: ...................................................................................................
    where it is, and why you consider it an icon. Attach a separate
    sheet if you need more space.)                                                                                         My address: ................................................................................................
    ....................................................................................................................   ......................................................................    Post Code: .......................
    ....................................................................................................................   Phone: ........................................................................................................
    ....................................................................................................................   Email: .........................................................................................................


                                                                                              National Trust Queensland acknowledges with thanks the generous sponsorship
                                                                                              of the Queensland Heritage Icons List: 2004 by Bendigo Bank.


                                                                                         SOUVENIR FIRST ISSUE DECEMBER 2004

				
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Description: Mr Fourex The backyard mango tree