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EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES MANUAL Direction to persons

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					                         EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
                           PROCEDURES MANUAL

SUBJECT:                 Direction to persons exposed to hazardous
                         substances

PROCEDURE No:            OP - 18

TYPE:

Administration
Operational              X

REFERENCES:
                         Emergency Management Act 2005 [S 67]

REVIEW DATE:             August 2014

RESPONSIBILITY:          Emergency Management Western Australia [EMWA]

BACKGROUND:

During an emergency situation or state of emergency, a hazard management officer
or authorised officer may for the purposes specified [S70(2)] direct any person who
has been exposed to a hazardous substance to do all or any of the following:

   •    To remain in an area specified by the officer for such period as is specified by
        the officer [S70(1)(a) Act];

   •    To remain quarantined from other persons for such period, and in such
        reasonable manner, as is specified by the officer [S70(1)(b) Act];

   •    To submit to decontamination procedures within such reasonable period, and
        in such reasonable manner, as is specified by the officer [S70(1)(c) Act].

The period specified under S70(1)(a) or (b) must not be more than 24 hours unless
the State Emergency Coordinator has given authorisation for a longer period to be
specified in relation to the person exposed to the hazardous substance.

PROCEDURE:

Where a hazard management officer or authorised officer identifies the need to direct
a person who has been exposed to hazardous substances the following procedure
should be followed where practicable:

   1. Liaise with the hazard management agency and agency managing the hazmat
      incident to determine the following;
   •    Ensure an emergency situation or state of emergency has been declared;

   •    That the location in which the direction is to apply is within the emergency
        area;

   •    That the reasons for the direction are for the specified purpose of:
           (a) ensuring that the hazardous substance is contained [S70 (2)(a)
                 Act]; or
           (b) ensuring that the person to whom the direction is given does not
                 pose a serious risk to the life or health of others or to the
                 environment because of the hazardous substances involved
                 [S70 (2)(b)];
   •    Details of the direction to be issued;

2. Liaise with the person/s to whom the direction will apply in order to seek
   voluntary compliance to the officers direction if possible;

3. Where voluntary compliance is not possible complete a “Direction to persons
   exposed to hazardous substances” instrument (EMA Form 14) ensuring
   completion of all details of the specific direction to be given;

4. Notify the person/s to whom the direction is issued including the explanation of
   specific details of the direction given;

5. Take all practicable measure to ensure the comfort, dignity and safety of the
   person/s to whom the direction is made;

6. Make all practicable efforts to provide information to next of kin regarding
   circumstances of direction when requested by person/s affected;

7. Where practicable provide person/s to whom the direction is made with a copy
   of the direction instrument;

8. A direction may be given orally or in writing (S77(1) Act);

9. Where a direction is given orally it is to be confirmed in writing within 2 working
   days after it is given unless within that period it is complied with or cancelled
   (S77(2) Act);

10. Where the direction is no longer required prior to its expiry the person/s to
    whom the direction is made should be advised as soon as practicable;

11. The original direction instrument should be retained by the officer making the
    direction and a copy supplied to the Hazard Management Agency as soon as
    practicable.




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