A B C D Power Distributin Corp

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					                        Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                         Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




                   A B C D Power Distribution Corp.
                                              (PQRS)




                           Safety Code and Rules




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Institution Logo                                                                         Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                 (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                             1
                          Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                           Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




  Sl. No.                                     Index                                              Page No.
     1        Safety Pledge

     2        An Appeal

     3        Foreword

     4        Accidents – Main Reasons

     5        Safety Rules – Precautions to avoid accidents

     6        Safety appliances

     7        Precautions for temporary earthing

     8        Sketches

     9        Line clears & Precautions

     10       Format for issue & return of line clears

     11       Safety slogans

     12       Precautionary steps towards public safety

     13       Check list before taking up jobs on lines

     14       Immediate actions necessary to avoid accidents

     15       Contact telephone numbers




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Institution Logo                                                                           Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                   (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                               2
                          Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                           Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




                                          Safety Pledge

“A B C D” is my parent organization. I am highly indebted to the company which is
taking utmost care towards myself and all members of my family ever since I joined
service. Therefore, I hereby pledge to


    Work unrelentlessly for the welfare of the organization
    To elevate my organization as the BEST Power Utility in the country
    To give TOP PRIORITY towards SAFETY of equipment, self and my colleagues
    Always use [and (ensure use by others) in my team] all safety appliances such as
     safety belt, earth rods, helmet, gumboots etc and follow all rules in the code of
     safety
    Effectively earth on either side of the work spot before proceeding with work
    Invariably take all steps to ensure safety to self, colleagues, public and equipment.




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    Institution Logo                                                                       Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                   (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                               3
                        Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                         Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



                                           An Appeal
ABCD Company is indebted to all personnel in its workforce who toil day and night to
serve its consumers for providing un-interrupted power supply. Their services are
highly commendable and I thank every one individually for their personnel contribution.

I appeal to all employees to think of their old parents, loving wife and children at home
and their anxiety to see you back home from duty with a smile on your face.

You get up early in the morning and proceed to work with a lunch box and your family
expects you back home hale and healthy for enjoying your company after a days hard
work. We have organized safety weeks, safety camps etc., to inculcate the habit of
following safety rules and explain the repercussions if they are violated. We are aware
of instances when some of our colleagues in the past lost their lives due to negligence,
over confidence etc., shattering the hopes of golden future of their wives and children
and throwing their old parents into deep sorrow.

Parents look forward for the return of their son and enquire about their well being,
children expect their father to return and hug them with love and wives prefer to receive
you and provide homely comfort. They do not expect you to return dead and the most
unpleasant duty I had to perform is to attend to console the family of an employee who
lost his wife while performing duties.

I appeal to rather I pray with folded hands every employee to please follow the safety
rules and also propagate the message to give top priority to safety among all your
colleagues.

Please ensure opening of all blades of the AB switches, wear the safety appliances,
ensure earthing on either side of the work spot before working on any line or equipment.

Kindly ensure that I am spared of the unpleasant duty of attending condolence
meetings, family consolations etc., as such incidents throw me into deep distress and
any amount of shedding of tears cannot fill the irreparable loss.

I request you all to understand my agony and act accordingly.                              I pray almighty to
continuously bless all our employees and their family members.

                                                                                                Sd / _________
                                                                                 CMD




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  Institution Logo                                                                       Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                 (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                             4
                         Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                          Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



                                             Foreword

Accidents occur due to any one of the following reasons


   Overconfidence or lack of knowledge leading to ignoring of safety precautions

   Lack of specific planning

   Reasons beyond the control of staff officers’ incharge can take actions to control
    overconfidence and proper planning and training of staff is necessary to inculcate
    knowledge.

Several circulars are issued from time to time on safety precautions, procedures for
issue and return of line clears etc and this pocket book is a consolidation of all such
instructions and named “Safety Rules”.

While it is necessary to teach steps to prevent electric shock, it is also necessary to
train the staff on how to treat a person who received electric shock, and the procedures
are covered in this book. Some safety slogans are also included which can be exhibited
at prominent work places.

It is the responsibility of all to ensure that none in their team violates safety rules.
These rules are supplementary to rules in the Electricity Acts & Rules which are
mandatory.




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    Institution Logo                                                                      Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                  (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                              5
                         Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                          Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




                            Accidents & Main Reasons

    Unauthorized persons working on lines / equipment

    Working without using safety appliances

    Working without obtaining proper line clear

    Working without proper instructions from superiors

    Wrong instructions from person who received the line clear

    Negligence, carelessness, haste and overconfidence

    Lack of knowledge on feeding arrangements




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    Institution Logo                                                                      Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                  (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                              6
                          Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                           Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



                  Safety Rules – Precautions to avoid accidents

Wholehearted support and commitment of every employee is essential to execute the
work following all safety precautions.

Obtaining proper line clear from all possible sources of supply shall be taken and the
following precautions are to be taken.

 1. Till a L.C. is received from all sources every line or equipment shall be treated as
    live.
 2. Hang “Danger” boards at all strategic places to ensure safety at work spot
 3. Where there is a risk at places of work cordon off the area from unauthorized
    persons
 4. Explain the area which is safe to work and ensure that every employee in your team
    has understood the same.
 5. Nominate one among the team exclusively to reap a close watch and ensure that
    every person in the team is safe.
 6. Earthing is to be provided on both sides of the work spot before proceeding with the
    work.
 7. All safety rules are to be followed till entire work is completed.
 8. Insulated earth rods with clamps shall be used and the person using the earth rods
    shall keep safe distance from earthing wires.
 9. Examine earth rods and every safety appliance before using
10. No person shall be allowed work if he is under the influence of alcoholic drinks under
    inebriated condition.




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   Institution Logo                                                                        Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                   (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                               7
                        Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                         Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



                                   Safety Precautions

 1. Workmen should not wear loose dress
 2. Workmen shall be properly trained
 3. All lines shall be treated as live till proper line clears is received
 4. Adequate clearance between lines on which work is being done and other live wires
    shall be ensured or line clears taken on those lines also.
 5. Lines / equipment shall be earthed before proceeding with the work
 6. Display of all precautionary boards such as Danger Boards shall be ensured by both
    persons issuing / receiving line clear
 7. Dresses shall not have metal buttons.
 8. Shoes with metal nails etc shall not be used and one those with rubber bottom shall
    be used.
 9. Items made of metal like chains of wrist watch, key bunches, rings, bracelets shall
    not be used while on work
10. Tools should not be thrown at each other while on work
11. Use a proper tools for each job
12. Rubber gloves / gauntlets shall not be used for works of voltage class 33 KV and
    above.
13. Rubber gloves / gauntlets can be used only when
               Line voltage is 5 KV or below
               While earthing
               Opening of AB switches
               Using portable telephones
               Working on street light fittings
14. Use of safety belts while works on poles / platforms above 3 meters height shall be
    properly understood.
                Proper way of use of belt
                Proper way of removing the belt
                Proper way to get up or get down the pole and also the way to change
                 direction
Ladders:
1. Ladders shall be based on firm ground.
2. Always face the ladder and use both hands
3. Not more than one person shall use the ladder at a time.
4. Another person shall be kept to watch the ladder position
5. Ladders shall be normally used with a slope of 45 degrees.

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   Institution Logo                                                                      Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                 (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                             8
                         Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                          Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




                                   Tools & Appliances

1. Proper tool for proper job. Every tool or appliance shall be in good working condition
   (ex. Slings, pulleys, chain block etc)
2. Non working tools / appliances shall be permanently discarded
3. Damaged pipes, spanners, hammers shall be discarded.
4. Use always insulated pliers & screw drivers (only on LT)
5. When more than one LT circuit is laid from a transformer, ensure that street light
   circuits are also separate. Better take LC on both CT circuits
6. “Double feeding point – Danger” board shall be displayed when supply from two
   sources is available
7. When loads on one transformer are transferred on to another, it shall be noted in the
   log book and intimation given to duty staff.
8. Minimum distances to be maintained while working
                          LT               -     3 feet
                          11 KV            -     8 feet 6 inches
                          33 KV            -     9 feet
                          66 KV            -     9 feet 9 inches
                          132 KV           -     11 feet 3 inches
                          220 KV           -     13 feet 6 inches


 9. Keep safe distance from rotating equipment. Do not attempt to handle them while
    working
10. Avoid haste while working
11. Avoid joking while working
12. Do not work while feeling exhausted
13. Mind your personal safety and do not depend on others
14. Ensure all three blades of AB Switches are open before working
15. Loose connections can cause fires
16. While earthing, other personnel shall be 12 to 15 feet away.




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   Institution Logo                                                                       Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                  (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                              9
                          Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                           Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



         Precautions to be taken before providing temporary earth

 1. Ensure that the line / equipment is not live
 2. Only authorized person shall provide temporary earth or remove it
 3. Insulated wires for providing earthing shall be firmly connected to earth electrode
    before touching or equipment
 4. Earth wire should not be close to other live wires
 5. Provide temporary earth on both sides of work spot
 6. While disconnecting ; the earth rods shall be first disconnected from line / equipment
 7. Rubber gloves / gauntlets shall be worn by the person providing the temporary earth
 8. The person earthing shall be at a lower level then the line / equipment being
    earthed.
 9. Other workmen shall be 6 meters away while earthing
10. The earthing shall not be disconnected till the whole work is completed and cleared
    of men and materials.
11. While working on a 3 phase line earth all the conductors even if work is being done
    only on one phase
12. While one or more workmen are working at a height others should be away so that
    tools or materials dropping cannot hurt them.
13. Every employee shall watch his counterparts that safety procedures are being
    followed
14. Whenever a switch is found open check up why it is kept open, examine the parts of
    lines & equipment it is controlling and ensure that it is safe to recluse before doing
    so.
15. Ensure that your hands or clothes are not wet while earthing / working
16. It is unsafe to check whether a line is live or dead with bare hands or other methods




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   Institution Logo                                                                        Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                   (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                             10
                         Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                          Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program




                             Line Clears & Precautions
No workmen shall get up a pole or work on any lines or equipment unless he is
specifically authorized to do so.

Line clears can be issued or received only by authorized persons.

When it is not possible to receive or return line clear in person; the same can be done
over telephone but clear identity by way of voice and also a code shall be followed.

While issue of line clear

1. Switch off supply and ensure that the work spot where L. C. is requisitioned is
   disconnected from all possible sources of supply.
2. Ensure personally that all blades of all operating switches are open
3. Discharge the line / equipment using discharge rods properly earthed and by
   wearing rubber gloves / gauntlets.

While returning line clear

1. Only the person who obtained the line clear can return the same
2. The person returning the line clear shall ensure that the line / equipment is clear of
   all men, materials and earthings
3. Inform all colleague workmen that his returning the LC and that it is no more safe to
   work on that line / equipment
4. Person receiving back the LC shall ensure that no more LCs are pending return
5. The entire team of workmen shall stay back till the line / equipment is recharged and
   can leave the work spot only after re-charging

L. C. Form

1. I hereby declare that the following line / equipment is made dead and that it is
   cleared from all possible sources of supply.
2. I have switched off all points of supply under my control which can energize the line /
   equipment
3. I have fixed “MENON LINE Boards” indicating that line clear is issued at all such
   points.



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  Institution Logo                                                                        Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                  (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                            11
                          Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                           Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program


4. Please obtain similar LC from other sources if the line / equipment can be charged
   from alternate sources other than mine

   “Line / equipment on which LC is issued”

5. All other parts are live and dangerous.                  Discharging rods are connected at the
   following points at the source side

       1
       2

6. Please ensure that the temporary earths is provided on either side of the workspot
   before proceeding with the work
7. Name, designation, date & time of issue

                                                                                                         Sd/ ………..

8. Received the above line clear
   Name, designation, date and time
                                                                                                       Sd/………….
9. Return of line clear

   I hereby declare that the above line / equipment is cleared of all men, materials and
   temporary earths and that I have alerted all men that it is no more safe to work on
   the live / equipment

                                                                                                    Sd/-
                                                                          Name, designation, date & time

10. All earths / discharge rods removed at source end, men online boards removed,
    ensured no more line clears are pending hence LC is cancelled
                                                                                 Sd/-
                                                       Name, designation, date & time

11. Line / equipment recharged on (date) at Hrs… mts..

                                                                                                    Sd/-
                                                                          Name, designation, date & time




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  Institution Logo                                                                         Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                   (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                             12
                            Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                             Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program


Checklist before working on line

 1.        Have you undergone safety training?
 2.        Have you opened the A.B. Switch feeding supply?
 3.        Are the LT fuses removed?
 4.        Are cables at Dn box away without touching it?
 5.        Have you provided temporary earths at work spot?
 6.        Are you wearing gloves?
 7.        Did you check earth rod in place?
 8.        Are you wearing helmet/
 9.        Have you taken the safety belt with you?
10.        Are you confident of getting up the pole?
11.        Did you ensure that all other workmen in your team are following all safety
           precautions?

                                             Safety Slogans

•     No job is so urgent or no service is so important that it prevents you taking time to do
      safely.
•     Accidents do not happen, they are caused
•     Work safe today – Be back tomorrow
•     Monkey business has no business in any business
•     Learn first aid, you may save several lives
•     Men who knew electricity best – Respect it
•     Bright people use the right tools
•     Safety is everybody’s job
•     Employing ELCBs at service connections is mandatory
•     Do not locate plug points close to floor level – children may play with them
•     Do not locate operating rods below Vent pipes of DTRs
•     Always be alert Nobody will be hurt
•     Do not expect your subordinate working atop to greet you when you arrive




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      Institution Logo                                                                       Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                     (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                               13
                              Disaster Management, Electrical Safety Procedures, And Accident Prevention
                               Distribution Reform, Upgrades and Management (DRUM) Training Program



           Safety Precautions for Protection against electric shock

                                                                                      st
                       (Published by AP Transco in Eenadu dated July 1 of 2005)



Power utilities are striving hard to strengthen the sector and to provide quality reliable
power supply to all its consumers. Large scale investments are being made towards
T&D improvements for efficient and safe power system.

Due to heavy gales and cyclonic winds, overhead lines are more prone to breakdowns,
due to snapping of power conductors etc.                       Public can help the power utilities and
safeguard themselves by following the measures explained below.


    Unauthorized persons shall not attempt replacement of transformer fuses

    Other than utility employees shall not try to replace street lights or set right service
     wires

    Inform nearest utility office if loose or hanging wires are noticed

    While drilling bore wells ensure that the casing pipes do not touch live wires while
     they are being lifted up.

    Do not go near the Distribution transformers

    Do not touch low lying or snapped conductor

    Do not lean against electric poles

    Do not stand beneath overhead lines while heavy winds are blowing




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    Institution Logo                                                                           Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
                                                                                                       (A Govt. of India Undertaking)
                                                                                                                                 14

				
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