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					        ASEAN Cooperation in Food, Agriculture and Forestry




ASEAN CRITERIA FOR ACCREDITATION OF LIVESTOCK ESTABLISHMENT



          CATTLE AND BUFFALOES
              FOR BREEDING




          L i v e s t o c k P u b l i c a t i o n S e r i e s No.3C
                                    CONTENT


A. PREAMBLE

B. SCOPE

C. DEFINITION

D. SPECIFICATION

   Species

   Animal Health Situation In The Country/Region/Area

   Veterinary Public Health Status In Country/Region/Area

   Inspection System

   Infrastructure And Facilities

   Biosecurity Measures

   Monitoring And Surveillance Programmes For Disease Control

  Good Animal Husbandry Practice

  Laboratory Testing

  Quality Assurance Programme

  Staff Competence

  Product Identification And Traceback Mechanism




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 ASEAN CRITERIA FOR ACCREDITATION OF LIVESTOCK ESTABLISHMENT

                  CATTLE AND BUFFALOES FOR BREEDING 


A. PREAMBLE

  This criteria is prepared as a guideline protocol for the competent authority of ASEAN
  member countries for the accreditation of livestock establishment for cattle and buffaloes
  for breeding purposes.


B. SCOPE

  This criteria shall apply to livestock establishment for farm where cattle and buffaloes are
  reared or kept for breeding.


C. DEFINITION

  “Animals” means cattle and buffaloes.

  “Animal health situation” means animal disease situation of a country with respect to
  animal species concerned.

  “Case” means an individual animal affected by an infectious
   or parasitic disease.

  “Competent authority” means the Government Veterinary Services of the country having
  the responsibility and competence for ensuring or supervision the implementation of
  animal health measures recommended in this criteria.

  “Disinfection” means the operation, after thorough cleansing, destined to destroy the
  infectious or parasitic agents of animal diseases, including zoonoses using the approved
  chemical agents and/or physical methods.

  “Establishment” means the premise or farm where animals are reared or kept and should
  be registered with or under supervision of the competent authority of the country.

  “Free zone” means a clearly defined area or territory within a country in which no case of
  a disease concerned has been reported or occurred during the specified period or period
  stated for such disease according to the OIE Standards and within which official
  veterinary control is effectively applied for animals and animal products, and their
  transportation.

  “FMD free zone” means a clearly defined area or territory within the country in which no
  case of FMD has been reported or occurred for a specified period recognised by ASEAN
  and/or OIE.




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     “Laboratory” means a properly equipped institution staffed by technically competent
     personnel under the control of a specialist in veterinary diagnostic methods, who is
     responsible for the validity of the results. The competent authority approves and monitors
     such laboratories with regard to diagnostic tests required for international trade.

     “Monitoring” means activity constitutes on-going programmes directed at the detection of
     changes in the prevalence of disease in a given population and in its environment.

     “OIE Animal disease List A and List B” means the List of transmissible diseases that are
     set out in the OIE International Animal Health Code.

     “Quarantine” means all measures relating to the entry and detention of animals in the
     quarantine establishment, including controlling their movement to and from this
     establishment and activities rendered to ensure the disease free status of the animals.

     “Quarantine establishment” means a building or collection of buildings where animals are
     maintained in complete isolation, with no direct contact with other animals, in order to
     undergo observation for specified period and to be subjected to various control tests and
     treatment so that the veterinary authority may assure that they are free and not affected
     with certain disease.

     “Surveillance” means the continuous investigation of a given population to detect the
     occurrence of disease for control purposes, which may involve testing of a part of the
     population.

     “Vehicle” means any method of transport by land, air or water.


D. SPECIFICATION

1.      Species

        Cattle and buffaloes.

2.      Animal health situation in the country/region/area

         2.1    Cattle diseases of concern

                2.1.1   OIE Animal Disease List A
                        2,1.1.1 Foot and mouth disease
                        2.1.1.2 Vesicular stomatitis
                        2.1.1.3 Rinderpest
                        2.1.1.4 Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
                        2.1.1.5 Bluetongue
                        2.1.1.6 Rift Valley fever
                        2.1.1.7 Lumpy skin disease

                  2.1.2 OIE List B Diseases
                         2.1.2.1 Bovine brucellosis
                         2.1.2.2 Bovine genital campylobacteriosis


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                 2.1.2.3     Bovine tuberculosis
                 2.1.2.4     Enzootic bovine leukosis
                 2.1.2.5     Infectious     bovine    rhinotracheitis/Infectious   pustular
                             vulvovaginitis
                 2.1.2.6     Trichomoniasis
                 2.1.2.7     Anaplasmosis
                 2.1.2.8     Babesiosis
                 2.1.2.9     Cysticercosis
                 2.1.2.10    Dermatophilosis
                 2.1.2.11    Theileriosis
                 2.1.2.12    Haemorrhagic septicemia
                 2.1.2.13    Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
                 2.1.2.14    Anthrax
                 2.1.2.15    Paratuberculosis

      2.1.3 Other Diseases
                 2.1.3.1     Q Fever
                 2.1.3.2     Bovine viral diarrhea/Mucosal disease
                 2.1.3.3     Mycoplasmosis
                 2.1.3.4     Trypanosomiasis
                 2.1.3.5     Blackleg

2.2   The establishment should fulfill the following criteria on animal health status as
      follows:

      2.2.1   it should be in a country which is free from Rinderpest, Contagious Bovine
              Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), Lumpy Skin Disease, Rift Valley Fever, Bovine
              Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).

      2.2.2   it should be located in Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) free zone.

      2.2.3   it should be located in an area where no clinical signs or other evidence of
              Bovine Malignant Catarrh, Anthrax and Paratuberculosis Disease has been
              diagnosed in the area 6 months prior to consideration of accreditation and
              subsequently in the 6 months prior to the export.

      2.2.4   it should be located in an area where no clinical signs or other evidence of
              Bovine Ephemeral Fever, Vesicular Stomatitis, Bluetongue, Anaplasmosis,
              Babesiosis, Theileriosis, Trypanosomiasis was found 12 months prior to
              consideration of accreditation and subsequently in the 12 months prior to the
              export.

      2.2.5   it should be free from tuberculosis and brucellosis at least 1 year prior to
              accreditation.

      2.2.6   the animals in the establishment should be tested negative to leptospirosis,
              bluetongue, enzootic bovine leukosis, bovine viral diarrhea/mucosal disease
              prior to export.




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3.   Veterinary public health status in the country/region/area.

     3.1    The animal for breeding should come from accredited establishment which
            meet the veterinary requirements as stated in para 2.2 .


4.   Inspection system

     4.1    The establishment must implement a documented inspection system at critical
            points of the production process to monitor the cattle diseases to the
            satisfaction of the competent authority, so as to ensure that the animal health
            and veterinary public health criteria for accreditation of the establishment are
            maintained.

     4.2    The documented inspection system should be carried out under the supervision
            of a registered veterinarian of the country.

     4.3    Accredited establishments will be assigned an establishment code by the
            competent authority.


5.   Infrastructure and facilities

     5.1    The establishment must be located at least 5 km radius away from slaughter
            houses and/or livestock markets.

     5.2    The establishment must be completely fenced and easily identifiable.

     5.3    Entry points into the establishment should be kept to a minimum and measures
            for restricting entry of visitors and vehicles should be available at each entry
            point of the establishment.

     5.4    The establishment should have access to a continuous supply of adequate
            electrical power, potable water, proper drainage and good access roads within
            the establishment.

     5.5    The establishment rearing breeding animals should have:

            5.5.1   A reception area to receive visitors and vehicles. The production area
                    should be segregated from the reception area by internal fencing and
                    should not be accessible to visitors or outside vehicles without going
                    through appropriate biosanitation measures.

            5.5.2   Proper facilities for storage and delivery of feed, chemicals and
                    equipment.

            5.5.3   Supply of potable water for the cattle.

            5.5.4   Facilities to allow the proper disposal of solid and liquid waste.



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             5.5.5   Proper loading/unloading ramp to prevent the access of vehicle from
                     outside.


6.   Biosecurity measures

      6.1    The establishment should have vehicle and personnel disinfection facilities at
             critical points of entry into the establishment and production area.

      6.2    Farm apparels, footwear and footbath shall be provided for authorized personnel
             and farm workers to the production areas.

      6.3    The establishment should have a system for on-farm quarantine of replacement
             animal on arrival for a period of 3 weeks. During quarantine period, there
             should be a system for disease monitoring.


7.   Monitoring and surveillance programmes for disease control

      7.1    The establishment should implement a documented disease surveillance
             programmes which as a minimum comprise of surveillance of Bovine
             brucellosis, Bovine tuberculosis, Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/Infectious
             pustular valvovaginitis, Bovine genital campylobacteriosis, Trichomoniasis,
             Foot and mouth disease,

      7.2    The documentation system should be carried out under the supervision of a
             registered veterinarian of the country.


8.   Good Animal Husbandry Practice

       8.1   Hygiene rules must be drawn up by the management of the
             establishment.

      8.2    Personnel must wear appropriate working clothing and visitors be provided with
             protective clothing.

      8.3    In the case of establishment for breeding animals :-

             8.3.1   It must have a farm recording system kept for each herd which shows;

                       8.3.1.1   arrival and departure,
                       8.3.1.2   production performance,
                       8.3.1.3   drugs and vaccines used,
                       8.3.1.4   any laboratory tests and the results there of,
                       8.3.1.5   the place of origin of the breeding animals,
                       8.3.1.6   the destination of the breeding animals.

                     These record should be kept for at least 1 year after the removal of the
                     herd.


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             8.3.2   The animals should be vaccinated using only approved vaccines under
                     the ASEAN Standards of Animal Vaccines if required.

             8.3.3   A system for immediate removal of dead animals which should be
                     properly disposed of in a manner acceptable to the competent authority.

             8.3.4   The establishment should have a system for immediate removal of sick
                     animals for treatment or slaughter in a manner acceptable to the
                     competent authority.

             8.3.5   The replacement animals must be sourced from an accredited
                     establishment or an establishment which complies with the same criteria
                     standards.

             8.3.6   No other animals are allowed to be reared or kept in the establishment.

             8.3.7   Compounded animal feed must derived from approved sources. Feed
                     ration used shall not contain microbial contaminants, growth promoters,
                     chemicals, drugs, mycotoxins above level acceptable to the competent
                     authority. Meat and bone meal of mammalian origin are not permitted
                     to be used in the feed ration.

             8.3.8   Animals should be kept since birth or at least 6 months prior to export in
                     the accredited establishment.

             8.3.9   Animals should be kept at the appropriate stocking density for the
                     rearing system used.

      8.4    The owner and/or manager of the establishment must notify the competent
             authority of any signs suggesting the presence of any infectious animal disease.

      8.5    Buildings, facilities and equipment should be well maintained and kept in good
             condition.


9.    Laboratory Testing

      9.1    All samples should be tested at an approved laboratory.


10.   Quality Assurance Programme (QAP)

      10.1   The establishment must have a documented quality assurance programme which
             have been approved by the competent authority.

      10.2   The establishment should provide staff or employees adequate              training
             programme to enable them to meet the requirements of QAP.




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      10.3   The establishment should use properly labeled chemicals, pharmaceuticals and
             biologics which are registered for veterinary use only. Accurate records should
             be maintained of all chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and biologics used and where
             and how they were disposed of. Staff must carefully read and follow directions
             for use.


11. Staff competence

      11.1   The establishment should employ suitably qualified and/or experienced
             personnel in animal management and breeding. It must also have access to the
             services of the registered veterinarian.

      11.2   The establishment should provide a documented training programme for staff
             on animal breeding/production and disease prevention and control.


12.   Product Identification and Trace back Mechanism

      12.1   The establishment should implement a product identification system which
             would identify: Identification of animals (official marking, ear tag, microchip
             implant, breed, sex, age and quantity) :-

             12.1.2 Origin of animals
                      i. Country of origin
                      ii. Name and address of exporter
                      iii. Place of origin
                      iv. Establishment code number

             12.1.3 Destination of animals
                      i. Country of destination
                      ii. Name and address of consignee
                      iii. Means of transport
                      iv. Date of shipment

             12.1.4 Animal health certification issuing by the competent authority.

             12.1.5 Sanitary information.

             12.1.6 Details of the competent authority permitting the export.



                                            *****




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