ASEAN Cooperation in Food, Agriculture and Forestry
ASEAN CRITERIA FOR ACCREDITATION OF LIVESTOCK ESTABLISHMENT
CATTLE AND BUFFALOES
L i v e s t o c k P u b l i c a t i o n S e r i e s No.3C
Animal Health Situation In The Country/Region/Area
Veterinary Public Health Status In Country/Region/Area
Infrastructure And Facilities
Monitoring And Surveillance Programmes For Disease Control
Good Animal Husbandry Practice
Quality Assurance Programme
Product Identification And Traceback Mechanism
ASEAN CRITERIA FOR ACCREDITATION OF LIVESTOCK ESTABLISHMENT
CATTLE AND BUFFALOES FOR BREEDING
This criteria is prepared as a guideline protocol for the competent authority of ASEAN
member countries for the accreditation of livestock establishment for cattle and buffaloes
for breeding purposes.
This criteria shall apply to livestock establishment for farm where cattle and buffaloes are
reared or kept for breeding.
“Animals” means cattle and buffaloes.
“Animal health situation” means animal disease situation of a country with respect to
animal species concerned.
“Case” means an individual animal affected by an infectious
or parasitic disease.
“Competent authority” means the Government Veterinary Services of the country having
the responsibility and competence for ensuring or supervision the implementation of
animal health measures recommended in this criteria.
“Disinfection” means the operation, after thorough cleansing, destined to destroy the
infectious or parasitic agents of animal diseases, including zoonoses using the approved
chemical agents and/or physical methods.
“Establishment” means the premise or farm where animals are reared or kept and should
be registered with or under supervision of the competent authority of the country.
“Free zone” means a clearly defined area or territory within a country in which no case of
a disease concerned has been reported or occurred during the specified period or period
stated for such disease according to the OIE Standards and within which official
veterinary control is effectively applied for animals and animal products, and their
“FMD free zone” means a clearly defined area or territory within the country in which no
case of FMD has been reported or occurred for a specified period recognised by ASEAN
“Laboratory” means a properly equipped institution staffed by technically competent
personnel under the control of a specialist in veterinary diagnostic methods, who is
responsible for the validity of the results. The competent authority approves and monitors
such laboratories with regard to diagnostic tests required for international trade.
“Monitoring” means activity constitutes on-going programmes directed at the detection of
changes in the prevalence of disease in a given population and in its environment.
“OIE Animal disease List A and List B” means the List of transmissible diseases that are
set out in the OIE International Animal Health Code.
“Quarantine” means all measures relating to the entry and detention of animals in the
quarantine establishment, including controlling their movement to and from this
establishment and activities rendered to ensure the disease free status of the animals.
“Quarantine establishment” means a building or collection of buildings where animals are
maintained in complete isolation, with no direct contact with other animals, in order to
undergo observation for specified period and to be subjected to various control tests and
treatment so that the veterinary authority may assure that they are free and not affected
with certain disease.
“Surveillance” means the continuous investigation of a given population to detect the
occurrence of disease for control purposes, which may involve testing of a part of the
“Vehicle” means any method of transport by land, air or water.
Cattle and buffaloes.
2. Animal health situation in the country/region/area
2.1 Cattle diseases of concern
2.1.1 OIE Animal Disease List A
2,1.1.1 Foot and mouth disease
184.108.40.206 Vesicular stomatitis
220.127.116.11 Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
18.104.22.168 Rift Valley fever
22.214.171.124 Lumpy skin disease
2.1.2 OIE List B Diseases
126.96.36.199 Bovine brucellosis
188.8.131.52 Bovine genital campylobacteriosis
184.108.40.206 Bovine tuberculosis
220.127.116.11 Enzootic bovine leukosis
18.104.22.168 Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/Infectious pustular
22.214.171.124 Haemorrhagic septicemia
126.96.36.199 Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
2.1.3 Other Diseases
188.8.131.52 Q Fever
184.108.40.206 Bovine viral diarrhea/Mucosal disease
2.2 The establishment should fulfill the following criteria on animal health status as
2.2.1 it should be in a country which is free from Rinderpest, Contagious Bovine
Pleuropneumonia (CBPP), Lumpy Skin Disease, Rift Valley Fever, Bovine
Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).
2.2.2 it should be located in Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) free zone.
2.2.3 it should be located in an area where no clinical signs or other evidence of
Bovine Malignant Catarrh, Anthrax and Paratuberculosis Disease has been
diagnosed in the area 6 months prior to consideration of accreditation and
subsequently in the 6 months prior to the export.
2.2.4 it should be located in an area where no clinical signs or other evidence of
Bovine Ephemeral Fever, Vesicular Stomatitis, Bluetongue, Anaplasmosis,
Babesiosis, Theileriosis, Trypanosomiasis was found 12 months prior to
consideration of accreditation and subsequently in the 12 months prior to the
2.2.5 it should be free from tuberculosis and brucellosis at least 1 year prior to
2.2.6 the animals in the establishment should be tested negative to leptospirosis,
bluetongue, enzootic bovine leukosis, bovine viral diarrhea/mucosal disease
prior to export.
3. Veterinary public health status in the country/region/area.
3.1 The animal for breeding should come from accredited establishment which
meet the veterinary requirements as stated in para 2.2 .
4. Inspection system
4.1 The establishment must implement a documented inspection system at critical
points of the production process to monitor the cattle diseases to the
satisfaction of the competent authority, so as to ensure that the animal health
and veterinary public health criteria for accreditation of the establishment are
4.2 The documented inspection system should be carried out under the supervision
of a registered veterinarian of the country.
4.3 Accredited establishments will be assigned an establishment code by the
5. Infrastructure and facilities
5.1 The establishment must be located at least 5 km radius away from slaughter
houses and/or livestock markets.
5.2 The establishment must be completely fenced and easily identifiable.
5.3 Entry points into the establishment should be kept to a minimum and measures
for restricting entry of visitors and vehicles should be available at each entry
point of the establishment.
5.4 The establishment should have access to a continuous supply of adequate
electrical power, potable water, proper drainage and good access roads within
5.5 The establishment rearing breeding animals should have:
5.5.1 A reception area to receive visitors and vehicles. The production area
should be segregated from the reception area by internal fencing and
should not be accessible to visitors or outside vehicles without going
through appropriate biosanitation measures.
5.5.2 Proper facilities for storage and delivery of feed, chemicals and
5.5.3 Supply of potable water for the cattle.
5.5.4 Facilities to allow the proper disposal of solid and liquid waste.
5.5.5 Proper loading/unloading ramp to prevent the access of vehicle from
6. Biosecurity measures
6.1 The establishment should have vehicle and personnel disinfection facilities at
critical points of entry into the establishment and production area.
6.2 Farm apparels, footwear and footbath shall be provided for authorized personnel
and farm workers to the production areas.
6.3 The establishment should have a system for on-farm quarantine of replacement
animal on arrival for a period of 3 weeks. During quarantine period, there
should be a system for disease monitoring.
7. Monitoring and surveillance programmes for disease control
7.1 The establishment should implement a documented disease surveillance
programmes which as a minimum comprise of surveillance of Bovine
brucellosis, Bovine tuberculosis, Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/Infectious
pustular valvovaginitis, Bovine genital campylobacteriosis, Trichomoniasis,
Foot and mouth disease,
7.2 The documentation system should be carried out under the supervision of a
registered veterinarian of the country.
8. Good Animal Husbandry Practice
8.1 Hygiene rules must be drawn up by the management of the
8.2 Personnel must wear appropriate working clothing and visitors be provided with
8.3 In the case of establishment for breeding animals :-
8.3.1 It must have a farm recording system kept for each herd which shows;
220.127.116.11 arrival and departure,
18.104.22.168 production performance,
22.214.171.124 drugs and vaccines used,
126.96.36.199 any laboratory tests and the results there of,
188.8.131.52 the place of origin of the breeding animals,
184.108.40.206 the destination of the breeding animals.
These record should be kept for at least 1 year after the removal of the
8.3.2 The animals should be vaccinated using only approved vaccines under
the ASEAN Standards of Animal Vaccines if required.
8.3.3 A system for immediate removal of dead animals which should be
properly disposed of in a manner acceptable to the competent authority.
8.3.4 The establishment should have a system for immediate removal of sick
animals for treatment or slaughter in a manner acceptable to the
8.3.5 The replacement animals must be sourced from an accredited
establishment or an establishment which complies with the same criteria
8.3.6 No other animals are allowed to be reared or kept in the establishment.
8.3.7 Compounded animal feed must derived from approved sources. Feed
ration used shall not contain microbial contaminants, growth promoters,
chemicals, drugs, mycotoxins above level acceptable to the competent
authority. Meat and bone meal of mammalian origin are not permitted
to be used in the feed ration.
8.3.8 Animals should be kept since birth or at least 6 months prior to export in
the accredited establishment.
8.3.9 Animals should be kept at the appropriate stocking density for the
rearing system used.
8.4 The owner and/or manager of the establishment must notify the competent
authority of any signs suggesting the presence of any infectious animal disease.
8.5 Buildings, facilities and equipment should be well maintained and kept in good
9. Laboratory Testing
9.1 All samples should be tested at an approved laboratory.
10. Quality Assurance Programme (QAP)
10.1 The establishment must have a documented quality assurance programme which
have been approved by the competent authority.
10.2 The establishment should provide staff or employees adequate training
programme to enable them to meet the requirements of QAP.
10.3 The establishment should use properly labeled chemicals, pharmaceuticals and
biologics which are registered for veterinary use only. Accurate records should
be maintained of all chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and biologics used and where
and how they were disposed of. Staff must carefully read and follow directions
11. Staff competence
11.1 The establishment should employ suitably qualified and/or experienced
personnel in animal management and breeding. It must also have access to the
services of the registered veterinarian.
11.2 The establishment should provide a documented training programme for staff
on animal breeding/production and disease prevention and control.
12. Product Identification and Trace back Mechanism
12.1 The establishment should implement a product identification system which
would identify: Identification of animals (official marking, ear tag, microchip
implant, breed, sex, age and quantity) :-
12.1.2 Origin of animals
i. Country of origin
ii. Name and address of exporter
iii. Place of origin
iv. Establishment code number
12.1.3 Destination of animals
i. Country of destination
ii. Name and address of consignee
iii. Means of transport
iv. Date of shipment
12.1.4 Animal health certification issuing by the competent authority.
12.1.5 Sanitary information.
12.1.6 Details of the competent authority permitting the export.