Mesa Arts Center Blacksmithing ADA298 6569 Special Projects Fall 2008 Room: MAC Jewelry Terrace Instructor: Michael Sobrado Time: Monday and Wednesday 6:00-8:30 Email Address: email@example.com Office Hours: Wednesday 4-5 at Mango’s Phone: 480-529-0206 Text: Mastering the Fundamentals of Blacksmithing by: Mark Aspery Course Objectives: This course covers the techniques of forge and anvil blacksmithing with emphasis on wrought iron art. Students will learn to use the forge, hammer, anvil, tongs, and anvil tools to explore Iron as an artistic medium. Students will also be introduced to many basics of ironwork including cutting, welding, grinding, and metal finishes. By the end of class the student should be able to perform many of the basic blacksmithing and metalworking operations and gain enough knowledge to equip their own small shop. Safety Blacksmithing is an inherently dangerous trade. Steel is hot, sharp, heavy, and stubborn material. You will get burned and/or cut if you are not wearing the proper clothing and safety gear. Even with the proper equipment you can expect a few injuries along the way. These are realities of the trade so always keep them in mind. Students will be expected to wear long denim pants, leather shoes, leather gloves, and safety glasses. Anyone not dressed appropriately will not be allowed to work. Leather aprons, hearing protection, and long sleeves are a good idea but are not mandatory. Anyone working in an unsafe manner will be dismissed from class for everyone’s safety. As a general rule, always assume a piece of steel is hot before you pick it up. Steel with no visible heat color can cause serious burns. Iron stays hot enough to give you third degree burns for up to 20 minutes after being at forging temperature depending on size. Attendance and Grading Attendance is very important in this class, as we will be building on skills learned from week to week. Students are allowed 3 absences. Each absence after that will reduce your grade one letter point. Students will be graded on Attendance, participation, and work product. Each lesson will have an associated project. Completion of the lesson project is expected and will receive a grade. The grading scale is: A 90% and above B 80% to 89% C 70% to 79% D 60% to 69% F 59% or Below If you are only interested in using the tools and equipment you may elect to take the course for no credit. Please advise the instructor on the first class day if this applies to you. Due to the nature of our facility all equipment must be moved before and after class. All students are required to help set up the shop and put the tools away and clean up at the end of each class. If you are going to be late or leave early, please discuss this with the instructor prior to class time. Tools and Material Material for use in the class, mainly mild steel in a few common sizes will not be provided. Students may purchase steel from one of many suppliers in the valley such as Capital Metals in Tempe (where Mesa Arts Center students receive a discount on material), and Wild West Steel on Southern in Mesa. We will mainly be using solid steel bars ¼” round and square, 3/8” round and square, ½” round and square, ¾” round tool steel, flat stock for tongs 3/8” X 1” and 3/8” X ¾” for candle holders. Although hammers and other tools will be provided, students are encouraged to acquire some that they find comfortable and use them in class. Students should also get a rolling toolbox. Students are encouraged to educate themselves on steel, its physical properties, and different types of welding. Steel is easier to work with if you have a basic understanding of the chemistry and physics involved. A list of good books on blacksmithing is attached. Partners Unless you have 3 hands some operations are extremely difficult/dangerous to perform alone. Some lessons will require a partner. Help each other out and feel free to ask others for aid. Syllabus In the event of rain class will be cancelled since our classroom is outside. If there is sufficient time the instructor will attempt to notify everyone by phone. Makeup dates can be added to the end of the semester. ** Denotes important basic operation that should be learned. August 25, 2008 Discuss Safety and Class procedures, Material, tools **Cutting- hot and cold cutting, smithing magician **Hammering technique, Types of hammer blows (Full-Face, Half-Faced, Fullering, Shearing, Horn) **Drawing out/Drawing down 1/ 4” or 3/8” Square or Round August 27, 2008 **Spreading 3/8” Square or Round **Dishing, Use of Swage Block September 1, 2008 Labor Day, No Class September 3, 2008 Tapering Project: Stylized Leaf 3/8” Square Wrapping and twisting with forged Stock September 8, 2008 Upsetting, Twisting, reverse twist Project: Hold down/Holdfast tool 1/2” Square Oxy/Acetylene Torch September 10, 2008 **Bending hot and cold stock, hossfeld bender, September 15, 2008 Scroll making from start to finish Project: Scroll Shelf Bracket September 17, 2008 Scroll making from start to finish Project: Scrolling Jig ¼” X 1” Flat stock Cheap ½’ ratchet, cheap ½” sockets September 22, 2008 Introduction to steel types/heat treatment Project: Small hot cut chisel 5/8 Round Tool Steel September 24, 2008 Hot cutting with hand chisels Project: Dog Wrench/Scroll Fork 3/8” x 1” flat September 29, 2008 **Punching Holes Project: Round Punch 5/8 Round Tool Steel October 1, 2008 Punching Holes Project: Gate Pull ½” Round Mild Steel October 6, 2008 Basics of electric welding October 8, 2008 Grinders and surface preparation October 13, 2008 Tong Making Project: Scrolling Tongs October 15, 2008 Tong Making October 20, 2008 Collars and Collar Stock Project: Trivet October 22, 2008 Collars continued… October 27, 2008 **Slitting and drifting bar stock Project: Square Punch ¾” round tool steel October 29, 2008 Slitting and drifting bar stock Project: ½’ Square Drift ½’ square mild steel November 3, 2008 **Rivet Joinery Project: Scroll Candle Holder November 5, 2008 Rivet Joinery November 10, 2008 Ring and Chain making November 12, 2008 Steel Finish Options November 17, 2008 Use of multiple techniques Project: Door Knocker ½” round Stock November 19, 2008 Complete doorknocker November 24, 2008 Use of multiple techniques Project: Linked Candle Holders 3/8”x3/4” Flat November 26, 2008 Complete Candle Holders December 1, 2008 Student Projects December 3, 2008 Student Projects December 8, 2008 Student Projects December 10, 2008 Last Day of Class, Blacksmith Journal Videos December 15 and 17 can be added class days in the event of rained out classes. Recommended Blacksmithing Books Mastering the Fundamentals of Blacksmithing by Mark Aspery* The Backyard Blacksmith by Lorelei Sims* Best Book out there for beginners! New Edge of the Anvil by Jack Andrews * The Blacksmith and His Craft by J.E. Hawley (This book is available from our local blacksmith’s group, The Arizona Artist Blacksmith Association, WWW.Az-Blacksmiths.org The Art of Blacksmithing by Alex Bealer The Complete Modern Blacksmith by Alexander Weygers The Artist Blacksmith by Peter Parkinson * Practical Blacksmithing and Metalworking by Percy Blandford The Blacksmith by Aldren Watson The Craft of the Japanese Sword by Yoshindo Yoshihara Blacksmith’s Journal – monthly by Jerry Hoffmann, WWW.Blacksmithsjournal.com * The Anvil’s Ring and The Hammers Blow – Quarterly publications by ABANA, the Artist Blacksmith Association of North America, WWW.ABANA.ORG * Good things to keep in mind in any steel shop: Think at the forge and work at the anvil. Never pick up the pretty end. If it can cut you it will. If it can burn you it will. If it can fall somewhere and start a fire it will. Don’t hit tool steel with tool steel. Don’t use your forging hammer on anything but hot steel. When alone never turn your back on the forge. Remove hardy tools before hammering on anvil. Assume it is hot before you touch it. Put it back where it belongs when you are finished with it.