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DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines - Floor Finishes

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					                                                    S T A N D A R D S




                                                              DECS

                                                              Facilities

                                                              Design

                                                              Standards

                                                              and

                                                              Guidelines


Floor Finishes


Published by:
The Government of South Australia,
First printed September 1997
Revised October 2003


Produced by:
Building Management, The Department for Administrative and
Information Services and Corporate Services, The Department
of Education and Children’s Services


For information contact:
DAIS Project Services
Phone (08) 8226 5200
DETE Site Property Services Unit
Phone (08) 8226 0090
    DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines                                                          1

S2         Buildings                                                                               S2.11

2.11       Floor Finishes              General
                                       In general carpet shall be provided in general learning areas,
                                       seminar/withdrawal rooms, music and drama areas, library
                                       resource centres, offices and staff work areas.

                                       In general resilient floor finish material shall be provided in wet
                                       areas, wet strips to sinks, practical activity, science, art,
                                       technology, home economics, and early childhood centre
                                       activity areas.

                                       In general ceramic tiles shall be provided in toilets. Ensure that
                                       the surface is non-slip but can be easily cleaned. Provide one
                                       row of skirting tiles to walls.

                                       Circulation areas shall be in carpet or resilient finish depending
                                       on the situation. Consideration shall be given to the use of the
                                       area, whether it is integral with the learning areas, its
                                       relationship to external areas and acoustic requirements for
                                       noise reduction.
.
                                       Welded sheet vinyl can be used in special situations such as
                                       toilet areas in facilities for students with severe and multiple
                                       disabilities and should be coved to walls.

                                       There are specialised floor surfaces required for drama spaces,
                                       activity halls, gymnasiums and dance studios. The project will
                                       identify the particular requirements.

                                       Minimise the number of different floor finishes in any building,
    REFER: S2.11.3 Sports
                                       and on any site, to simplify the maintenance requirements.
           finishes
                                       Maintenance instructions shall be provided to the site for the
                                       floor materials installed upon completion of the project.
                                       All floor finishes shall be easily cleanable without requiring
                                       specialised methods or equipment.

                                       Some Relevant Australian Standards for floor finishes are:
                                       - AS 1385 – Carpets.
                                       - AS/NZS 2455.1 – Underlays/Laying.
                                       - AS 2055.1 – Flexible Sheet.
                                       - AS 1884 (1985) - Floor Coverings, Resilient Sheet Laying
                                          and Maintenance.
                                       - AS/NZS 4586 (1999) - Slip Resistance Classification of
                                          New Pedestrian Surface Materials.
                                       - AS 1530.3 – 1989 Early Fire Hazard Properties.

                                       Floor finish materials shall be included in the building contract.

                                       Mats
                                       Floor mats shall be provided to the inside of external doors.
                                       Mats shall be removable to enable them to be cleaned, and
                                       from a suitable proprietary manufacturer.

                                       They shall be the full width of the door opening and at least
                                       600mm deep, inset into carpet which has an appropriate
                                       ‘naplock’ edging (not a brass angle), or loose laid on resilient
                                       sheet floors. A non-slip backing is required to these mats.


    ___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                              _
                                                             These guidelines are DECS specific
                                       Compliance with BCA and Australian Standards is assumed.
DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines                                                        2
                                   The intent is for a ‘clean off zone’ of suitable material to cover at
                                   least two walking steps from the door.
                                   Matwells recessed into concrete slabs are not to be provided.


2.11   Floor Finishes (contd.)     2.11.1 Carpet
                                   General
                                   Medium strength colours with patterns (fleck or graphic) are
                                   preferred. (Light colours show marks and stains and dark
                                   colours show dust.)

                                   Specific
                                   Acceptable carpet materials are:
                                   - From 100% pure wool to 80% wool / 20% nylon blend,
                                      1627grams per m2 (48oz), level loop pile. (Cut pile is not
                                      preferred due to its ‘tracking’).
                                      Carpet shall be rated as Commercial (not domestic) ‘Heavy
                                      Duty’ under the Carpet Institute’s ACCS grading scheme or
                                      Wools of New Zealand Fernmark scheme.
                                   - From 100% BCF Nylon, with a minimum solution dyed fibre
                                      content of 75%, minimum 950grams per m2 (28oz),
                                      interlocking level loop pile, or minimum 1085 grams per m2
                                      (32oz) cut pile. Soil resisting fluorochemical treatment of
                                      fibre is required. Carpet shall be rated Contract Heavy
                                      Duty under the Carpet Institute’s ACCS grading scheme.
                                      Secondary backing shall be 100% synthetic.
                                   - Electrostatically flocked nylon on a PVC backing can be
                                      used in particular areas where heavy traffic and water are
                                      likely to be present.

                                   Carpet shall comply with the current BCA requirements for fire
                                   resistance and fire hazard properties.

                                   Underlay shall be provided in the following situations:
                                   - Junior primary and primary general learning areas and
                                      withdrawal rooms where students spend time sitting on the
                                      floor. The preferred carpet in these situations is pure wool,
                                      wool/nylon blend, or nylon.
                                   - Where carpet is being laid over existing timber or uneven
                                      floor surfaces.
                                   - Where improved acoustic performance is required.

                                   The preferred underlay to wool and wool/nylon carpet is
                                   needled underfelt.
                                   The preferred underlay to level loop or cut pile nylon is a rubber
                                   underlay.
                                   The required underlay to electrostatically flocked nylon is a high
                                   density latex cushion type. The ‘double-bond’ method is
                                   preferred with underlays to avoid re-stretching carpet.

                                   Carpet shall be ‘direct stick’ to concrete floor slab elsewhere.

                                   Include naplock where carpet adjoins other floor finishes. Metal
                                   hammered naplock preferred.

                                   Skirtings to carpet areas shall be timber or flat vinyl.

                                   2.11.2 Resilient materials
                                   General
                                   A strip of resilient floor material shall be provided in rooms
                                   adjacent sinks where carpet is the main floor covering.

___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                          _
                                                         These guidelines are DECS specific
                                   Compliance with BCA and Australian Standards is assumed.
DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines                                                        3
                                   A patterned finish and a medium colour is preferred to reduce
                                   marks being shown.




2.11   Floor Finishes (contd.)     2.11.2 Resilient materials (contd.)
                                   Specific
                                   Characteristics required of resilient floor finishes are as follows:
                                   - Minimum thickness of 2.0mm.
                                   - Homogenous material or inlaid pattern with a minimum
                                       wear layer thickness of 0.7mm.
                                   - The general cleaning regime shall require only sweeping, a
                                       damp mop and vacuum cleaner.
                                   - Spot cleaning as per manufacturers recommendations.
                                   - Slip resistance (wet and dry) to Australian Standards.
                                   - There shall be no requirement for sealing, waxing or
                                       polishing.
                                   - Resistant to staining and attack from chemicals.

                                   Where they meet the above requirements the following resilient
                                   finish materials are acceptable:
                                   - Vinyl floors
                                   - Rubber (100% synthetic, not natural rubber)
                                   - Electrostatically flocked nylon on a PVC backing.

                                   Generally sheet materials shall be used in preference to tiles.

                                   Skirtings to resilient sheet areas shall be feathered edge vinyl.

                                   DRY AREAS
                                   Dry areas are regarded as those that are unlikely to have
                                   significant quantities of liquids spilled on them, such as
                                   circulation, practical activity, and technology areas. In these
                                   areas a smooth resilient sheet is acceptable to meet the dry slip
                                   resistance requirements of AS/NZS 4586 – 1999.

                                   WET AREAS
                                   Wet areas are regarded as those that are likely to have
                                   significant quantities of liquids spilled on them, such as art,
                                   science, home economics and toilet areas. In these areas a
                                   slip resistant resilient sheet is required to meet the wet slip
                                   resistant requirements of AS/NZS 4586 – 1999.

                                   In rooms where wet areas may be confined to only part of the
                                   space, consideration can be given to providing a slip resistant
                                   resilient sheet strip to the floor of that part of the space.

                                   2.11.3 Sports finishes
                                   General
                                   Specialised sports floor finishes shall be provided in primary
                                   school multipurpose general activity halls and secondary school
                                   gymnasiums.

                                   Sports floor finishes shall be included in the building contract,
                                   and include line marking to the range of games required.

                                   To protect the sports floor finish from dust and grit it is desirable
                                   to provide some floor finish to other adjoining rooms in the
                                   building, including stores.

___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                          _
                                                         These guidelines are DECS specific
                                   Compliance with BCA and Australian Standards is assumed.
DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines                                                       4
                                   Specific
                                   A range of sports floor finish materials are available and have
                                   been used in school activity halls and gymnasiums. Each
                                   product has particular characteristics, cost and maintenance
                                   implications.




2.11   Floor Finishes (contd.)     2.11.3 Sports finishes (contd.)

                                   The selection of the appropriate floor finish shall consider these
                                   criteria and the particular project requirements. The following
                                   are the most commonly installed sports finishes:

                                   TIMBER PARQUETRY
                                   This is the most common finish used, especially in primary
                                   school activity halls. A durable surface for a range of activities.
                                   The preferred finish is Monopack 3651 Sports Floor Finish. A
                                   urethane based clear gloss finish, it requires re-coating every
                                   12 to 24 months depending on the extent of use.

                                   “GRANWOOD / GRANSPRUNG”
                                   A composite tile laid on a bedding screed on a concrete slab.
                                   Gransprung is the same tile material laid on a sprung sub-floor.
                                   The preferred finish is as per timber parquetry.

                                   “TARKETT MULTISPORT”
                                   Plywood panels laid on rubber pads and single timber joists on
                                   a concrete slab providing a sprung floor with some resilience.
                                   The surface can either be hardwood strips with an acrylic
                                   lacquer finish, or a fibreglass reinforced sheet vinyl on a foam
                                   backing.

                                   “TARKETT SPORT ELITE”
                                   Fibreglass reinforced sheet vinyl on a foam backing adhered
                                   directly to the concrete slab, without the resilient sub-floor.

                                    “REGUPOL”
                                   A composite flooring applied in layers on top of a concrete slab
                                   providing a resilient and uniform surface. The finished surface
                                   is a matt polyurethane layer. The lines are painted on before
                                   the final clear finish layer.

                                   “SYNPAVE REBOUND IMPACT”
                                   A composite flooring applied in layers on top of a concrete slab
                                   providing a resilient and uniform surface. The finished surface
                                   is either a water-based or solvent-borne urethane layer. The
                                   lines are painted on the top surface.

                                   “MONDOFLEX”
                                   A composite sheet material comprising natural and synthetic
                                   rubber providing a top wearing surface on a resilient supporting
                                   layer, adhered to a concrete slab.

                                   “MONDOSPORT”
                                   A composite sheet material comprising an embossed, compact
                                   PVC top layer and an expanded PVC supporting layer with
                                   fibreglass reinforcing, adhered to a concrete slab.




___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                          _
                                                         These guidelines are DECS specific
                                   Compliance with BCA and Australian Standards is assumed.
DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines                                                       5
                                   Line marking
                                   The preferred line marking methods for all sports floor finishes
                                   are a two-pack epoxy painted finish, or being inlaid into the
                                   flooring, depending on the material used.




___________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                          _
                                                         These guidelines are DECS specific
                                   Compliance with BCA and Australian Standards is assumed.

				
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Description: DECS Facilities Design Standards and Guidelines - Floor Finishes