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Appendix 72-10 List of marine fish species of commercial interest

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Appendix 72-10 List of marine fish species of commercial interest Powered By Docstoc
					Appendix 7.2-10   List of marine fish species of commercial interest in North Province

Family
                                                          Species on     Fished        Fished Species
                                                                                                                 Freshwater (F),
                                                         the IUCN Red   Species     (according to Service
                                                                                                               brackish water (B),
                                      Species                List of  (according Territorial de la Marine
         Common name                                                                                             and marine (M)
                                                          Threatened to Labrosse      Marchande et des
                                                                                                               species (FishBase)
                                                            Species   et al . 1997)   Pêches Maritimes)

FISH CAUGHT PRIMARILY IN FRESHWATER
Anguillidae
Eel                       Anguilla australis schmidti                       x                                          F-B-M
Giant mottled eel         Anguilla marmorata                                x                                          F-B-M
Polynesian longfin eel    Anguilla megastoma                                x                                          F-B-M
South Pacific eel         Anguilla obscura                                  x                                          F-B-M
Speckled longfin eel      Anguilla reinhardtii                              x                                          F-B-M
Eel                       Anguilla sp.                                      x                                          F-B-M
Kuhlidae
Dark-margined flagtail    Kuhlia marginata                                  x                                          F-B-M
Rock flagtail             Kuhlia rupestris                                  x                                          F-B-M
Mugilidae
Bluetail mullet           Valamugil buchanani                               x                                          F-B-M
Kanda                     Valamugil engeli                                  x                                          F-B-M
FISH CAUGHT PRIMARILY IN MARINE OR BRACKISH WATER ENVIRONMENTS
Acanthuridae
Whitefin surgeonfish      Acanthurus albipectoralis                         x                                            M
Ringtail surgeonfish      Acanthurus blochii                                x                                            M
Eyestripe surgeonfish     Acanthurus dussumieri                             x                                            M
Lined surgeonfish         Acanthurus lineatus                               x                                            M
Elongate surgeonfish      Acanthurus mata                                   x                                            M
Whitecheek surgeonfish    Acanthurus nigricans                              x                                            M
Epaulette surgeonfish     Acanthurus nigricauda                             x                                           B-M
Brown surgeonfish         Acanthurus nigrofuscus                            x                                            M
Orangespot surgeonfish    Acanthurus olivaceus                              x                                            M
Chocolate surgeonfish     Acanthurus pyroferus                              x                                            M
Surgeonfish               Acanthurus sp.                                    x                                            -
Convict surgeonfish       Acanthurus triostegus                             x                                            M
Yellowfin surgeonfish     Acanthurus xanthopterus                           x                                            M
Straited surgeonfish      Ctenochaetus striatus                             x                                            M
Whitemargin unicornfish   Naso annulatus                                    x                                            M
Spotted unicornfish       Naso brevirostris                                 x                                            M
Sleek unicornfish         Naso hexacanthus                                  x                                           B-M
Orange spine              Naso lituratus                                    x                                            M
Unicornfish               Naso sp.                                          x                                            -
Humpnose unicornfish      Naso tuberosus                                    x                                           B-M
Bluespine unicornfish     Naso unicornis                                    x                 x                          M
Albulidae
Roundjaw bonefish         Albula glossodonta                                x                                           B-M
Balistidae
Titan triggerfish         Balistoides viridescens                           x                                            M
Halfmoon triggerfish      Sufflamen chrysopterus                            x                                            M
Belonidae
Hound needlefish          Tylosurus crocodilus crocodilus                   x                                            M
Carangidae
Longnose trevally         Carangoides chrysophyrs                           x                                           B-M
Blue trevally             Carangoides ferdau                                x                                           B-M
Yellowspotted trevally    Carangoides fulvoguttatus                         x                                            M
Bumpnose trevally         Carangoides hedlandensis                          x                                            M
Longfin trevally          Caranx armatus                                    x                                            M
Black jack                Caranx lugubris                                   x                                            M
Bluefin trevally          Caranx melampygus                                 x                                           B-M
Brassy trevally           Caranx papuensis                                  x                                           B-M
Bigeye trevally           Caranx sexfasciatus                               x                                           B-M
Trevally                  Caranx sp.                                        x                                            -
Golden trevally           Gnathanodon speciosus                             x                                            M
Doublespotted queenfish   Scomberoides lysan                                x                                           B-M
Queenfish                 Scomberoides spp.                                 x                                            -
Needlescaled queenfish    Scomberoides tol                                  x                                           B-M
Bigeye scad               Selar crumenophthalmus                            x                                            M
Smallspotted dart         Trachinotus baillonii                             x                                           B-M
Subnose pompano           Trachinotus blochii                               x                                           B-M




                                                                                           Appendix7_2_10_A4.xls / Appendix_7.2-10
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Appendix 7.2-10       List of marine fish species of commercial interest in North Province

Family
                                                                        Species on     Fished        Fished Species
                                                                                                                               Freshwater (F),
                                                                       the IUCN Red   Species     (according to Service
                                                                                                                             brackish water (B),
                                             Species                       List of  (according Territorial de la Marine
         Common name                                                                                                           and marine (M)
                                                                        Threatened to Labrosse      Marchande et des
                                                                                                                             species (FishBase)
                                                                          Species   et al . 1997)   Pêches Maritimes)

Carcharhinidae
Blacktip reef shark           Carcharhinus melanopterus                                   x                                           B-M
Chirocentridae
Wolf-herring                  Chirocentrus dorab                                          x                                           B-M
Clupeidae
Chacunda gizzard shad         Anodontostoma chacunda                                      x                                          F-B-M
Elopidae
Tenpounder                    Elops machnata                                              x                                          F-B-M
Haemulidae
Painted sweetlips             Diagramma pictum                                            x                                            M
Harlequin sweetlips           Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides                               x                                            M
Striped sweetlips             Plectorhinchus diagrammus                                   x                                            M
Harry hotlips                 Plectorhynchus gibbosus                                     x                                           B-M
Goldman's sweetlips           Plectorhinchus (goldmanni) lineatus                         x                                            M

Giant sweetlips               Plectorhinchus (obscurus) albovittatus                      x                                            M
Oriental sweetlips            Plectorhinchus (orientalis) picus                           x                                            M
Painted sweetlips             Plectorhynchus picus                                        x                                            M
Silver grunt                  Pomadasys argenteus                                         x                                           B-M
Kyphosidae
Brassy chub                   Kyphosus vaigiensis                                         x                                            M
Labridae
Humphead wrasse               Cheilinus undulatus                           x             x                                            M
Grafic tuskfish               Choerodon graphicus                                         x                                            M
Leiognathidae
Orangefin ponyfish            Leiognathus bindus                                          x                                           B-M
Common ponyfish               Leiognathus equulus                                         x                                          F-B-M
Whipfin ponyfish              Leiognathus leuciscus                                       x                                            M
Lethrinidae
Striped large-eye bream       Gnathodentex aureolineatus                                  x                                            M
Bream                         Gymnocranius sp.                                            x                                            -
Japanese large-eye bream      Gymnocranius euanus                                         x                                            M
Blue-lined large-eye bream    Gymnocranius grandoculis                                    x                                            M
Emperor                       Lethrinus sp.                                               x                 x                          -
Orange-spotted emperor        Lethrinus erythracanthus                                    x                                            M
Longspine emperor             Lethrinus genivittatus                                      x                                           B-M
Thumbprint emperor            Lethrinus harak                                             x                                           B-M
Pink ear emperor              Lethrinus lentjan                                           x                                           B-M
Spangled emperor              Lethrinus nebulosus                                         x                 x                         B-M
Longface emperor              Lethrinus olivaceus                                         x                                            M
Orange-striped emperor        Lethrinus obsoletus                                         x                                            M
Spotcheek emperor             Lethrinus rubrioperculatus                                  x                                            M
Slender emperor               Lethrinus variegatus                                        x                                            M
Yellowlip emperor             Lethrinus xanthochilus                                      x                                            M
Humpnose big-eye bream        Monotaxis grandoculis                                       x                                            M
Lutjanidae
Green jobfish                 Aprion virescens                                            x                                            M
Mangrove red snapper          Lutjanus argentimaculatus                                   x                                           B-M
Blackspot snapper             Lutjanus fulviflammus                                       x                                           B-M
Blacktail snapper             Lutjanus fulvus                                             x                                          F-B-M
Humpback red snapper          Lutjanus gibbus                                             x                                            M
Onespot snapper               Lutjanus monostigma                                         x                                            M
Five-lined snapper            Lutjanus quinquelineatus                                    x                                            M
Blubberlip snapper            Lutjanus rivulatus                                          x                                            M
Russell's snapper             Lutjanus russellii                                          x                                           B-M
Emperor red snapper           Lutjanus sebae                                              x                                           B-M
Brownstripe red snapper       Lutjanus vitta                                              x                                            M
Black and white snapper       Macolor niger                                               x                                            M
Chainamanfish                 Symphorus nematophorus                                      x                                            M
Megalopidae
Indo-Pacific tarpon           Megalops cyprinoides                                        x                                          F-B-M
Mullidae
Dash-and-dot goatfish         Parupeneus barberinus                                       x                                            M
Nemipteridae
Notchedfin threadfin bream    Nemipterus peroni                                           x                                            M




                                                                                                         Appendix7_2_10_A4.xls / Appendix_7.2-10
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Appendix 7.2-10       List of marine fish species of commercial interest in North Province

Family
                                                                      Species on     Fished        Fished Species
                                                                                                                             Freshwater (F),
                                                                     the IUCN Red   Species     (according to Service
                                                                                                                           brackish water (B),
                                             Species                     List of  (according Territorial de la Marine
         Common name                                                                                                         and marine (M)
                                                                      Threatened to Labrosse      Marchande et des
                                                                                                                           species (FishBase)
                                                                        Species   et al . 1997)   Pêches Maritimes)

Scaridae
Green humphead parrotfish       Bolbometopon muricatum                                  x                                            M
Bleeker's parrotfish            Chlorurus bleekeri                                      x                                            M
Daisy parrotfish                Chlorurus sordidus                                      x                                            M
Bicolour parrotfish             Cetoscarus bicolor                                      x                                            M
Pacific longnose parrotfish     Hipposcarus longiceps                                   x                                            M
Filament-finned parrotfish      Scarus altipinis                                        x                                            M
Chameleon parrotfish            Scarus chameleon                                        x                                            M
Yellowfin parrotfish            Scarus flavipectoralis                                  x                                            M
Forsten's parrotfish            Scarus forsteni                                         x                                            M
Bridled parrotfish              Scarus frenatus                                         x                                            M
Blue-barred parrotfish          Scarus ghobban                                          x                                           B-M
Globehead parrotfish            Scarus globiceps                                        x                                            M
Highfin parrotfish              Scarus longipinnis                                      x                                            M
Steephead parrotfish            Scarus microrhinos                                      x                                            M
Dusky parrotfish                Scarus niger                                            x                                            M
Dark capped parrotfish          Scarus oviceps                                          x                                            M
Common parrotfish               Scarus psittacus                                        x                                            M
Rivulated parrotfish            Scarus rivulatus                                        x                                           B-M
Ember parrotfish                Scarus rubroviolaceus                                   x                                            M
Yellowband parrotfish           Scarus schlegeli                                        x                                            M
Parrotfish                      Scarus sp.                                              x                                            -
                                Scarus sp. "gris"                                       x                                            -
Greensnout parrotfish           Scarus spinus                                           x                                            M
Scatophagidae
Spotted scat                    Scatophagus argus                                       x                                          F-B-M
Scombridae
Kawakawa                        Euthynnus affinis                                       x                                            M
Dogtooth tuna                   Gymnosarda unicolor                                     x                                            M
Indian mackerel                 Rastrelliger kanagurta                                  x                 x                          M
Narrow-barred Spanish
                                Scomberomorus commerson                                 x                 x                          M
mackerel
Serranidae
Areolate grouper                Epinephelus areolatus                                   x                 x                          M
Whitespotted grouper            Epinephelus caeruleopunctatus                           x                 x                          M
Speckled blue grouper           Epinephelus cyanopodus                                  x                 x                          M
Blacktip grouper                Epinephelus fasciatus                                   x                 x                         B-M
Starspotted grouper             Epinephelus hexagonatus                                 x                 x                          M
Blacksaddle grouper             Epinephelus howlandi                                    x                 x                          M
Giant grouper                   Epinephelus lanceolatus                   x                               x                         B-M
Highfin grouper                 Epinephelus maculatus                                   x                 x                          M
Subnose grouper                 Epinephelus macrospilos                                 x                 x                          M
Malabar grouper                 Epinephelus malabaricus                                 x                 x                         B-M
Honeycomb grouper               Epinephelus merra                                       x                 x                          M
Camouflage grouper              Epinephelus polyphekadion                               x                 x                          M
White-streaked grouper          Epinephelus ongus                                       x                 x                         B-M
Halfmoon grouper                Epinephelus rivulatus                                   x                 x                          M
Orange-spotted grouper          Epinephelis suilus                                      x                                            -
Leopard coralgrouper            Plectropomus leopardus                                  x                 x                          M
Yellow-edged lyretail           Variola louti                                           x                                            M
Sillaginidae
Silver sillago                  Sillago sihama                                          x                                           B-M
Siganidae
Streamlined spinefoot           Siganus argenteus                                       x                 x                          M
Sparidae
Picnic seabream                 Acanthopagrus berda                                     x                                           B-M

Sources:
FishBase, 2003
Labrosse et al., 1997
Service Territorial de la Marine Marchande et des Pêches Maritimes




                                                                                                       Appendix7_2_10_A4.xls / Appendix_7.2-10
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