20070922 Task 1 比较两个净化水的装置 The following are two filter systems. Please describe the main features and make comparison where possible. Task 2 Higher education can be funded by several ways such as the following: 1. All costs paid by the government 2. All costs paid by the students 3. All costs paid by the government loan which students have to pay back after graduation Please discuss both the advantages and disadvantages of all these three theories above and decide which the best is. 20070920 Task 1 Task 2 Governments have been spending large amount of money on supporting art. Some people that public money should be better spent on health and education. Please discuss both views and give your own opinion. 20070908 Task 1 3 pie charts showing the information of players who play electronic games in South Korea in 2003 图 1：by age 第一个图说的是年龄组的构成<18 的(39%)，18-35 的(38%)和 36 以上的(23%) 图 2：by gender 第二个图说的是性别的构成，貌似男的 72%，女的 28% 图 3：best selling types of games 最受欢迎的是 Action (40%+)，然后是 Sports (20%)，Racing，最后两个 Educational 和 Others 都是 7% Task 2 Unlimited car use has brought us a lot of problems. What are these problems? And should we discourage people to use cars? 20070901 Task 1 The graphs below are forecasts of carbon emissions and global temperature change from 2010 to 2100. Task 2 Some people believe that going to college is the best way to prepare for a successful future career; others think that people should go directly to work after leaving school and earn their experiences in business. Discuss both views and present your own opinion. 20070825 Task 1 柱状图：2000 年澳大利亚男孩女孩参加的几种运动（有篮球,足球,游泳,网球乓 乓等）的百分比。 Task 2 Some people think that people should save up for their life after retirement. To what extent do you agree or disagree and why? General Training Writing Task 1 You plan to go traveling and also ask a friend to go with you. Please write: 1. why you need a holiday 2. what your plan is 3. why you want your friend to go with you Task 2 There are many people who work at home today. Some people think this has many benefits to their works and families, while others think it will be too stressful to be both working and taking care of the family. Please discuss both views and give your opinion. 20070818 Task 1 比较 5 个国家女性在政府部门的工作人员的比例，和做 management 的比例。大 概如下图 Country % of women in government % of women in management 1 12 23 2 13 32 3 15 36 4 8 32 5 16 54 数据为虚构，不过相比而言大小还是对的。第四个国家 8%最小，最后 54%最 大。还有 2 和 4 国家的 manager 是一样的啦。总的而言 manager 的比重都比政 府部门大。 Task 2 Some support that a new language should be invented and used by people all around the word for international communication. Do you think the benefits of this would outweigh the problems? 20070811 Task 1: Line Graph，讲的是 the levels of qualification of UK workforces（1990-2010） 其中 no qualification 是一直下降，low qualification 和另外两项是上升，low qualification 升得比较快，其他两个很平缓。 Task 2: The range and quality of food have been improved by the advancement of science and technology. While some are very optimistic to this, some others worry that genetically modified food (transgene food) is harmful to human health. Discuss both sides and give your opinion. 20070721 Task 1 小作文是新体型,两张学校得建设规划图（包含多个 CAR PARK AND SCHOOL BUILDING 学生人数也增多了），一张是 2004 年得，一张是 2010 年得,让你自 己概括总结。 Task 2 Because we are facing more problems on our planet, building good relationship between different countries becomes more important than before. To what extent do you agree or disagree? G 类作文： Task 1: 写一封给你在英文国家里刚刚完成的短期培训课的老师。说你很感谢他/她？为 什么你喜欢她？你有什么打算？ Task 2: The price of airtravel has become cheaper in some countries. Some people say this is a positive trend/development, while others argue that it has many disadvantages. Please discuss both sides and give your own opinion. 20070714 Task 1: 是一个柱形图和一张表格,讲的是 5 个国家的 broadband connections to the Internet. 柱形图是 2000 和 2001 五个国家 broadband connections per 1000 people. 表格是五 个国家这两年的百分比的改变. Task 2: Lectures have been used to teach large number of students. Now as the advanced technologies are available for education, some people believe that technologies can replace lectures as the main way to teach large number of students. Do you agree or disagree? 20070707 Task 1: Bar Chart: people from five different countries (UK, Germany, Korea, Japan and Australia) using types of transports (plane, ship, car, train) in NEW ZEALAND in 2004 (percentage) Task 2: In some countries, secondary schools aim to provide a general education across a wide range of subjects, while in others, children focus on a narrow range of subjects related to particular careers. Which education system according to your opinion is more appropriate for today’s world? 20070628 Task 1: 是图表 UK 的 4 组年龄的人群 上网的原因 Task 2: 关于自然资源 oil, forests and fresh water 。 消耗的越来越快。。。有什么后果， 有什么方法可以解决。 20070616 Task 1: 曲线图,三条 graphs, 关于 the number of three different crimes in England and Welsh from 1970 to 2005. 偷车最高, 是 house burglary 什么的两倍, 这两个都是在 1995 年到达他们的最高点, 然后下降,第三个最低, 而且差不多是持平, 到 95 年后有一 点点的上升, 到 0.1millons in 2005. Task 2: In many countries traditional foods are being replaced by international fast foods. People think there is a negative effect on both families and societies. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20070609 Task 1: A line graph showing the size of global population from the year 1400 to 2000 and two pie chars showing the global population distribution in different regions in 1900 and 2000. Task 2: Some people claim that public museums and art galleries will not be needed because people can see historical objects and works by using computer. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20070602 Task 1: 两幅饼图 about the amount of time spent on different media by American population (both general and teenagers) in the year of 2003：美国人（general population）在 2003 年花的时间在 TV，Radio，Book and Internet 上。 另一副是同样的内容但 是显示的是 teenager 的情况。 值得注意的是，这些休闲的总时间在图下表示出 来了，所以要写一下，因为一整个饼不是 24hours。 Task 2: An increasing number of developing countries are expanding their tourist industry. Why do you think it is the case? And do you think it is positive? 20070524 Task 1: 关于英国大学生数量的 bar chart。政府专项支出的 line graph。以及家庭收入的 pie char 三幅图。让描述重点和相关关系。 Task 2: Someone believes that modern telecommunication devices have many benefits to human, while others think otherwise. What is your opinion? Please discuss and use examples to support your own ideas. 20070519 Task 1: Comparison of two pictures of two famous tunnels (日本的海底隧道；法国和意大 利联合修建的一个穿过山的隧道). Students are asked to describe both and make comparisons where possible. Task 2: In which areas of education do you think computers are more important and in which areas do you think teachers are more important? Discuss and explain why. 20070512 Task 1: A bar chart: the average travel distance and modes (car, taxi, bus, motorcycle, bicycle and walk) people used in 1974 and 2004 in a European capital city. Task 2: Some people believe that unpaid community works (eg. working in a charity organization; teaching sports to children) should become a compulsory part of high school curriculum. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20070421 Task 1: The number of UK college graduates and their first job in the period between 1992- 2002. Task 2: To what extent do you think consumers are influenced by advertisements? What measures do you think can protect them? 20070414 Task 1: A bar chart and a table showing some information about salary and working hours of 4 categories of workers (underground train driver/police officer/firefighter/nurse) in Britain in 2001. Bar chart: 关于四种人的入职薪水和三年后的薪水 其中 underground train driver 最多，nurse 最少，但涨幅 firefighter, nurse 最多， underground train driver 最少 Table: 关于一周的工作时间 underground train driver 最短，police officer 最多，firefighter, nurse 差不多一样 Task 2: Do you think advertisements should be banned from public media such as TV? 20070331 Task 1: Table California Utah Florida People under 18 **% **% **% People over 65 **% **% **% People under **% **% **% poverty line Homeless **% **% **% population Task 2: It is now possible to perform everyday tasks, such as bank transaction, shopping or even office works, without meeting people face to face. What are the effects it may have on individuals and the society as a whole? 20070322 Task 2: Some people think that government should provide assistance to all kinds of artists (eg. painters, musicians, poets), while some others think it is a waste of money. What is your opinion? 20070310 Task 1: Task 1: Bar chart: 比较英国 1995，2000，2005 的体育爱好。 Task 2: With the increasing use of mobile phones and computers, less people tend to write letters. Some people even think the skill of writing letters will disappear completely. To what extent do you agree or disagree? How important do you think letter writing is? 20070303 Task 1: Table: 海外游客与英国本国游客去伦敦旅游的百分比，以及原因：holiday, visiting friends/relatives, business/conference, others. Task 2: Some people think that school should put students in different classes according to their academic ability, while some others believe that students of different abilities should be educated together. Please discuss both views and then present your own opinion. 20070210 Task 1: 如何把生活废物变成花园有机肥料：把 waste food, grass, and newspaper 依次分 层防近一个 2 立方米的，上细下粗的，浑身孔子的，带盖子的 plastic container 中，在热天放进水和氮肥盖上盖子，让热量从孔排出。六个月之后就变成肥料 了。 1。一个 container，塑料的，上面有孔可以空气流通。 2。放垃圾进去，三种 wastes:先来 15cm food ，再来 15cm grass,再来若干报纸 3。按上述层次多放几层，然后加 nitrogen，和水，水的底下用括号标明（hot weather only），感觉意思是天热的话就加点水。 4。盖盖焖着，可以看到 heat 从孔里出来 5。6months 以后，垃圾都变成了 composite, 一个箭头指到 garden 里面去了。 Task 2: Maintaining public libraries is a waste of money since the computer technology is so advanced that the Internet and computer can replace them. To what extend do you agree or disagree? 20070203 Task 1: Table: the comparison of the satisfaction level (very satisfied, quite satisfied, and not at all satisfied) of undergraduates and postgraduates toward campus facilities (study facility in bedroom, cafeteria, social facilities). Task 2: Some people believe that individuals can not improve environment, but only governments and big companies can make a difference. To what extend do you agree or disagree? 20070120 Task 1: Table: motor vehicles per 1,000 inhabitants in eight countries between 1990 and 2000. Task 2: Some people say that governments should pay for the public health care and education, while others say that it is not the government’s responsibility. Please discuss both views and give your own opinion. 20070113 Task 1: 比较 5 个国家消费者的消费习惯，横轴是三种消费种类的百分比，纵轴是五个 国家的名字，消费品有 food/drink/tobacco, shoes/clothes, leisure/study 三种。 Task 2: Some people think universities should provide knowledge and skills related to students’ future career; others think the true function of university is to give access to knowledge for its own sake. What’s your opinion of the main function of university? 20070106 Task 1: 是关于七个国家，森林覆盖率的 1990 和 2000 的对比表格。3 个国家绿化覆盖率 2000 比 1990 下降了，2 个城市的绿地覆盖率 2000 比 1990 上升了，还由两个国 家保持不变，level off. Task 2: The frequent change of the world has often resulted in the change of people’s jobs and work life. Discuss what has caused this and give your suggestions on preparing people who are going to work in the future. 20061216 Task 1: 曲线图加柱状图。关于英国移民的数量和来源地的。 Task 2: Some people believe that personal happiness is directly related to economic success. Others believe that there are other factors. Discuss the two sides and give your opinion. 20061209 Task 2: Modern buildings are appearing in large numbers. Some people believe that we should build our buildings in traditional styles. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20061202 Task 2: Throughout the history, male leaders often made the society more violent and conflicting. If women governed the world, it would be a more peaceful world. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Give an example to support your idea. 20061125 Task 2: Exposure to international media, eg. film, TV and magazines, has an impact on the local culture. Please discuss whether the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. 20061118 Task 2: Some people think secondary students should study international news as a school subject, but others argue that it is a waste of their valuable school time. What’s your opinion? 20061104 Task 2: Some people think that good health is very important to every person, so medical services should be run by profit-making companies. Do the disadvantages of private health care outweigh the advantages? 20061029 Task 2: Some people think that increasing business and cultural contacts have positive influences on development; others think that it has negative effects on national identities. Discuss both views and give your opinion. 20061022 Task 2: The speeding up of life in many areas such as travel and communication has negative effects on society at all levels—individual, national and global. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20061014 Task 2: Some people think the main purpose of schools is to turn the children into good citizens and workers, rather than to benefit them as individuals. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? 20060923 Task 2: Young adults should undertake unpaid work to help people in the community. Do you think it brings more drawback to the community and the young adults than benefits? 20060916 Task 2: Some people think the students should take the subjects which are decided by the government in the university. Others think that students should be able to apply for the subjects they prefer. Discuss the two situations and give your opinion. 20060902 Task 2: In some countries, advertisers increase the amount of advertising which try to persuade children into buying snacks, toys and other goods. Parents object such pressure on children. But some advertisers claim that there is useful information in these advertisements. Discuss both views and give your opinion. 20060826 Task 2: Multi-cultural societies, which are a mixture of different ethnic groups, bring more benefits than drawbacks to a country. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060812 Task 2: In order to learn a language well, we should also learn about the country as well as the cultures and lifestyles of the people who speak it. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060805 Task 2: Some people think that museums should be enjoyable places to attract and entertain young people. Others think that the purpose of museums is to educate, not to entertain. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion. 20060729 Task 2: Earlier technological development brought more benefits and changes to the life of ordinary people than the recent technological development will. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060722 Task 2: Is it better for students to live at home with their parents or in school accommodations? Give your own opinion on the issue. Use your own experience or an example to support your idea. 20060708 Task 2: In a modern society, it has been observed in some countries that the elderly are not duly respected. Discuss the reasons why this has occurred and the effects it might have on our society. 2006024 Task 2: Some people think it is beneficial for students to go to private secondary schools, but other people think that it can have a negative effect. Discuss the two sides and give your own opinion. 20060617 Task 2: The best way to solve the world’s environmental problem is to increase the price of fuel. To what extent do you agree or disagree? Use your own experience and give an example to support your idea. 20060610 Task 2: Nowadays some people like to give help to the local community or provide people with direct help. Other people prefer to give money to some national and international organizations. Discuss both of the two ways and present your own opinion. 20060527 Task 2: Some people think the use of animal for experimentation is cruel. Others thik it is good for the development of science. Discuss the two sides and give your opinion. 20060520 Task 2: Do the problems brought by international travel outweigh its advantages? 20060513 Task 2: Housing shortage in big cities can cause severe consequences. Only government action can solve this problem. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060429 Task 2: Some people believe that national sports teams and individual men and women who represent their country should be financially supported by the government. Others think they should be funded by non-government organizations (business, scholarship). Discuss both sides and give your own opinion. 20060422 Task 2: Some people believe that history has little or nothing to tell people, while some others believe that people must study history to understand the present. Please discuss. 20060408 Task 2: Space travel to the moon, cited as a big step for the mankind, is said to have made little difference to our daily lives, and thus governments should spend much money on it. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060325 Task 2: Long distance flight uses more fuel than car and brings pollution to the environment. We should discourage non-essential flight rather than limit the use of car. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060318 Task 2: Some people think that teachers should be responsible for teaching students how to judge right and wrong and how to behave well. Some say that teachers should only teach students academics. Discuss both views and give your opinion. 20060311 Task 2: In many countries, more and more young people are leaving school and are unable to find jobs after graduation. What problems do you think youth unemployment will cause to the individual and the society as a whole? Give reasons and make some suggestions. 20060225 Task 2: More and more measures to improve the security in urban area have been introduced because of the increased crime rate. Do the benefits of the measures outweigh the drawbacks? 20060218 Task 2: Some people believe that air travel should be restricted because it causes serious pollution and uses up the world’s fuel resources. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 20060211 Task 2: In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on the society? 20060121 Task 2: At present, science has been developing at a high speed, but people still have high opinion of artists. What can the arts tell s of the life that science can not? 20060114 Task 2: There are social, medical, and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they take? Do you agree that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobile phone? 20060107 Task 2: People believe that they should be able to keep all the money they earn and should not pay tax to the state. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
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