Harden Species List - Australian National Botanic Gardens home page by accinent

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									See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                           Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Alluvial sand and         River bed. Hills, on gentle
           AMARANTHACEAE               Alternanthera denticulata   Lesser Joyweed                 y                                                                                                                stones                    slope.                           Disturbed roots will sucker. Transplant these or from seed.                                       herb                            Ogrid
                                                                   Lambs-tails, Pussytails,            Erect perennial with narrow-obovate leaves to 20cm long. Large                                                                                                                                                                              Ridges
           AMARANTHACEAE               Ptilotus exaltatus          mulla-mulla                    n    woolly, tapering heads of lilac-grey flowers on stems 60 cm high.                                                                                                      Propagation from seed but germination usually poor.                  Slopes                       herb           Late?            Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Open woodland; gentle to
                                                                                                                                                                                    Pultenaea procumbens,                                    steep slope above creek, W
                                                                                                                                                                                    Stackhousia monogyna,                                    aspect; Eucalyptus dominant
                                                                                                       Perennial herb, tubers ellipsoidal. Leaves up to 35 cm long, erect.          Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea   Shaley loam. Loam         with sparse understorey;                                                                              Ridges
           ANTHERICACEAE               Arthropodium minus          Small vanilla lily             n    Flowers white to purple, one per node. Flowers August to December.           lanigera. Peppermint forest.   on granitic rock.         heath understorey; variety  From seed.                                                                Slopes                       herb           Late             Mgrid/Associated

                                                                                                       Small, tufted plant with grass-like foliage. Slender, branching stems to Yellow Box, Yam Daisy,                                       Grassy woodland, mixed           Propagation by division; no record of seed germination. Most
                                                                                                       50 cm. Bears open blue to purple flowers. Flowers in spring and          Creamy Candles, Eucalyptus                                   herb understorey. Found on       soil types but full sun desirable. Will grow in moist conditions.
           ANTHERICACEAE               Caesia calliantha                                          n    summer.                                                                  albens, Themeda triandra.                                    less disturbed sites.            Plants suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                                     herb                            Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                                    Box Woodland species.                               Once more widespread.                 Propagation from seed or by division. This species has a             Slopes
                                                                                                       Tuberous plant with grass-like leaves to 30 cm long. Attractive,             Eucalyptus albens with         Prefer loam sand but Found on less disturbed sites         delightful perfume of chocolate when flowering on a warm             Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       delicate, fragrant mauve flowers with dark anthers on slender stem,          sparse grassy understorey      tolerates a wide     - roadsides, cemeteries,              summer’s day. Full-sun position in most soils is suitable. Frost     flatlands
           ANTHERICACEAE               Dichopogon fimbriatus       Nodding chocolate lily         n    30–40 cm high. Two to six flowers at each stem node.                         with Austrodanthonia spp.      range.               railway bank. Hilly.                  hardy plants. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in dormancy.      Gullies                      herb           Late             Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                       Erect herb to c. 1 m high; roots to 5 cm long ending in fusiform tubers.
                                                                                                       Leaves 2-12, linear to lanceolate, 9-65 cm long, 1-12 mm wide,
                                                                                                       surrounded by leaf fibres. Inflorescence racemose, 20-100 cm long;
                                                                                                       sometimes branched, with long leafy bracts at the base of each
                                                                                                       branch; flowers 1 per node, usually chocolate scented; pedicels up to
                                                                                                       37 mm long, erect or articulate to 2 mm from flower; bracts lanceolate,
                                                                                                       usually 6-15 mm long. Tepals 6-14 mm long, usually ± purple; outer                                                                                                     Propagation from seed or by division. This species has a
                                                                                                       tepals 2-4 mm wide; inner tepals 4-8 mm wide. Anthers 3-5 mm long,     Grows in forest, Box                                                                            delightful perfume of chocolate when flowering on a warm
                                                                                                       usually purple; appendages 2, 0.5-1.5 mm long, usually yellow;         Woodland and open country.            On a wide range of       Once more widespread.            summer’s day. It is worth growing a dozen or more of these           Slopes
                                                                                                       filaments 1.7-3 mm long, straight. Style 3.5-6 mm long. Capsule ±      Eucalyptus albens with               soils and aspects.        Found on less disturbed sites    plants in a group for their perfume alone. Full-sun position in      Valley bottoms &
                                                                   Nodding chocolate lily,             globose, 4-8 mm diam., initially enclosed by perianth. Flowers Aug-    sparse understorey                   Granite. Gravelly         - roadsides, cemeteries,         most soils is suitable. Frost hardy plants. Plant will reduce to a   flatlands
           ANTHERICACEAE               Dichopogon strictus         Chocolate Lily                 n    Jan.                                                                   Austrodanthonia spp.                 reddish lateritic soil.   railway bank. Hilly.             bulb or tuber in dormancy.                                           Gullies                      herb           Late             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus albens, E.
                                                                                                                                                                              melliodora, White Pine with
                                                                                                                                                                              sparse understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                              Pultenaea procumbens,                                                                     Propagation from seed. Needs a well-drained, sunny position                Slopes
                                                                                                       Weak, tuberous twiner extending a spirally climbing stem around other Stackhousia monogyna,                                                                      where stem can hang over rocks or twine around neighbouring                Valley bottoms &
                                                                   Twining Fringe-lily, Fringe         plants, to 60–80 cm. Small basal leaves wither quickly. Bears many     Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                                   Creek bank, W aspect. Open plants. Frost hardy plants. Plant will trail and spread over               flatlands
           ANTHERICACEAE               Thysanotus patersonii       Lily                           n    flowers over an extended period in spring and summer. Tuberous root. lanigera.                              Sandy loam.               woodland                   rocks. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in dormancy.                   Gullies                      herb           Late             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus bridgesiana, E.
                                                                                                                                                                              polyanthemos, E.
                                                                                                                                                                              macrorhyncha, Thysanotus                                                                                                                                             Slopes
                                                                                                       Tuberous plant with grass-like leaves present at flowering time. Erect tuberosa, Burchardia,                                                                           Propagation from seed or by division. Sunny, well-drained            Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       flowering stem to 15–20 cm, branching then to produce clusters of      Pultenaea cunninghamii,                                                                         position is required. Frost hardy plants. Plant will reduce to a     flatlands
           ANTHERICACEAE               Thysanotus tuberosus        Common Fringe-lily             n    flowers in spring and summer.                                          grasses.                             Clay loam.                Gentle slope. Woodland:          bulb or tuber in dormancy.                                           Gullies                      herb           Late             Mgrid

                                                                                                       Small, tufted plant with linear grass-like leaves, 6–15 cm long. Umbels                                                                                             Transplants have been the only means used to bring this                 Slopes
                                                                                                       of bright yellow flowers on slender stems 40 cm high. After flowering                                       Gravelly reddish          Railway bank. Grassland.      species into cultivation in Canberra but seed should also be            Valley bottoms &
                                                                   Yellow autumn lily, Yellow          the petals and sepals twist spirally, which makes the genus easy to                                         lateritic soil. Sandy     Sclerophyll forest, heath and tried. Most soils are suitable if ample moisture is applied. A          flatlands
           ANTHERICACEAE               Tricoryne elatior           Rush Lily                      n    identify.                                                               Box woodland species.               loam.                     woodland                      position in full sun is needed. Frost hardy plants.                     Gullies                      herb           Late             Ogrid/Prober
                                                                                                       Annual to 12cm tall. Distinct carrot smell when leaves crushed. Leaves Grassy Box woodland                                            Generally found on less                                                                               Streamsides
           APIACEAE                    Daucus glochidiatus         Native carrot                  y    fern-like.                                                              species.                                                      disturbed sites.                                                                                      Gullies                      herb           Late             Associated/Prober/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Deep podsolic on          Disturbed dry sclerophyll                                                                             Streamsides
           APIACEAE                    Eryngium rostratum          Blue Devil                     n                                                                                                                sedimentary rock.         woodland.                                                                                             Gullies                      herb           Pioneer          Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                    Box woodland species.
                                                                                                                                                                                    Eucalyptus albens grassy                                                                                                                                       Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                    open woodland with Poa                                                                                                                                         flatlands
                                                                                                       Mat-forming creeper to 10cm tall. Leaves disc-shaped to 3cm wide,            sieberiana, Themeda                                      Creek banks to ridges - Dry                                                                           Gullies
                                                                                                       with shallow, rounded lobes. Flowers spherical heads that have a             triandra, Wahlenbergia, and                              Sclerophyll Forest. In shade     Highly recommended. Tolerant of high levels of disturbance.          Gullies (eroded)
           APIACEAE                    Hydrocotyle laxiflora       Stinking pennywort                  pungent odour.                                                               mixed herbs.                   Variety.                  or among rocks.                  From underground stems small.                                        Streamsides                  herb           Pioneer          Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                    In open eucalypt forest in a   Shallow soil on                                                                                                                 Ridges
           ARALIACEAE                  Astrotricha ledifolia                                      n    Diffuse shrub to 1m high.                                                    heathy understorey.            sedimentay rock.                                                                                                                Slopes                       shrub          Pioneer          Ogrid


                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus robertsonii, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               rubida, E. dalrypleana, Apple                                                              Hardy plant which will accept a sunny, well-drained position.
                                                                                                                                                                               Box, Yellow Box, White,                                                                    Also can tolerate quite dry conditions. Transplants readily.
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.                                   Gentle slope, NE aspect;     Seed could be expected to give good results. Probably toxic to
                                                                                                       Bulbous plant with succulent linear leaves to 40 cm. Bears yellow star- goniocalyx alliance, Themeda Shallow soil derived             cleared land with scattered  stock. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas. Plants suitable
                                                                                                       like flowers on erect succulent stem about 50 cm high. Flowers appear triandra, Microseris            from granite; young             trees and shrubs; undulating for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants. Plant will reduce to a bulb                                                                      Mgrid/Prober/Hudso Suspected stock
           ASPHODELACEAE               Bulbine bulbosa             Bulbine lily                   n    in spring and early summer.                                             lanceolata, Bulbine bulbosa. granite.                         country; grassland           or tuber in dormancy.                                                                                 herb                            n                  poison

                                                                                                       Perennial, tufted herb, 25-110 cm high, with thick roots, sometimes
                                                                                                       with short rhizome. Leaves 3-20, 10-45 cm long, 1-10 mm diam.,
                                                                                                       usually glaucous, glabrous. Scapes glaucous, 12-70 cm long, 1-6 mm
                                                                                                       diam.; raceme 5-40 cm long, to 75 flowers; pedicels 5-26 mm long;
                                                                                                       bracts 4-9 mm long, 1.5-4 mm wide. Tepals 9-17 mm long, 2-5 mm
                                                                                                       wide. Stamens equal, 5-8 mm long; filaments with clavate hairs white
                                                                                                       with red heads to gold-orange from halfway up filament to c. 1 mm
                                                                                                       below anther; anthers 2-4 mm long, gold. Ovules 2-4 per loculus;                                            Friable, light-brown      Grows in crevices on cliffs
                                                                                                       stigma entire to shortly 3-lobed. Capsule 3-6 mm long; seeds 1.5-3                                          clay-loam amongst         and summits at higher
           ASPHODELACEAE               Bulbine glauca              Bulbine Lily, Rock Lily        n    mm long, silver-grey with black markings, pitted. Flowers Oct.-Dec.                                         rocks.                    altitudes.                                                                                                                         herb                            Ogrid
                                                                                                       Rhizome covered with purplish brown scales and old stipe bases.                                                                       Widespread, on hillsides,
                                                                                                       Fronds few to several, erect, 1-pinnate with most pinnae pinnatifid,                                                                  often growing in the shelter
                                                                                                       usually 5-15 cm long, densely covered with silvery to reddish brown                                                                   of rocks, chiefly in dry areas
                                                                                                       non-glandular hairs; pinnae 3-8 pairs, dark green, asymmetric, fan-                                         Shallow grey clay         and exposed situations.                                                                               Ridges
                                                                                                       shaped, irregularly notched or lobed. Sori in radiating lines along veins,                                  loam under lee of         Steep slope beside gully, E                                                                           Slopes
           ASPLENIACEAE                Pleurosorus rutifolius                                     n    confluent and brown with age.                                                                               boulders.                 aspect.                                                                                               Gullies (eroded)             herb           Pioneer?         Ogrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                      Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                               Ajuga, Ammobium, Asperula,
                                                                                                                                                                               Bulbine, Burchardia,
                                                                                                                                                                               Craspedia, Drosera,
                                                                                                                                                                               Austrodanthonia, Daviesia
                                                                                                                                                                               leptophylla, D. mimosoides,
                                                                                                                                                                               Dianella revoluta, Dillwynia
                                                                                                                                                                               cinerascens, Eucalyptus
                                                                                                    Perennial with simple, single-headed stems, usually 30-60 cm high;         blakelyi dominant, E.
                                                                                                    stems unbranched, scarcely winged, ± woolly. Basal leaves oblong to bridgesiana, E.                       Deep podsolic soil on    Grows in sclerophyll
                                                                                                    lanceolate, lamina 3-12 cm long, 10-17 mm wide, apex acute; upper          polyanthemos, E. albens, E.    acid volcanics; grey     woodland, forest and on
                                                                                                    surface with multicellular scale-like hairs, lower surface woolly, petiole macrorhyncha, E. mannifera,    clay loam; shallow       roadsides, rare. Broad valley
                                                                                                    10-30 mm long, winged; cauline leaves few, smaller. Floer heads c. 10- E. melliodora, Hardenbergia        soil on sedimentary      in undulating hills; undulating
                                                                                                    20 mm diam.; involucral bracts c. 10 mm long, scarious, straw-             violacea, Leptorhynchos        rock (more or less       plain/tablelands, NW/NE/W
                                                                                                    coloured, with jagged edges, shorter than florets; receptacle scales       squamatus, Microlaena          metamorphosed);          aspect; flat; gentle slope (4
                                                                                                    rigidly scarious, broad, usually truncate with jagged edges, slight        stipoides, Pultenaea           grey-brown sandy         degrees) to ESE; shallow                                                                               Ridges
                                                                                                    mucro often present. Florets yellow. Achenes ca 4 mm long, smooth, cunninghamii, Themeda                  loam over clay; grey-    depression; low open forest                                                                            Slopes
                                                                                                    pale brown; pappus cup c. 1-1.5 mm long with awns up to 1.5 mm long triandra and Thysanotus               brown clay on            with grass-herb understorey.                                                                           Gullies
           ASTERACEAE                  Ammobium craspedioides                                   n   or absent. Flowers summer.                                                 tuberosa.                      Silurian volcanics.      Grassland.                                                                                             Gullies (eroded)              herb           Pioneer?        Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Well-drained granite
           ASTERACEAE                  Brachyscome decipiens      Field daisy                   n                                                                              Eucalyptus dives, E. rubida.   soil.                    Cleared farmland                                                                                                                     herb                           Ogrid
                                       Brachyscome diversifolia
           ASTERACEAE                  var. diversifolia          Large-headed daisy            n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           herb                           Ogrid
           ASTERACEAE                  Brachyscome gracilis                                     n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus blakelyi,
                                                                                                                                                                               Craspedia, Burchardia,
                                                                                                                                                                               Drosera, Stylidium,                                     Gently undulating hills; open
                                                                                                                                                                               Cyperaceae, Themeda                                     woodland grass-herb
           ASTERACEAE                  Brachyscome ptychocarpa                                  n                                                                              triandra                       Grey clay loam.          understorey                                                                                                                          herb                           Ogrid
           ASTERACEAE                  Brachyscome spathulata                                   n                                                                                                                                      Steep rocky slope                                                                                                                    herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Pultenaea procumbens,                                   Creek Bank, W aspect; open
                                                                                                                                                                               Stackhousia monogyna,                                   woodland dominated by
                                       Brachyscome tenuiscapa                                                                                                                  Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                            Eucalyptus with sparse
           ASTERACEAE                  var. pubescens                                           n                                                                              lanigera.                      Sandy loam.              understorey                                                                                                                          herb                           Mgrid

                                                                                                    Very variable species, annual or perennial, prostrate to 1 m or more                                                                                                 Propagation from seed. (Cuttings for perennial forms.) Very          Slopes
                                                                                                    high. Leaves almost linear to oblong-elliptical. Flower heads from 3 - 5                                                                                             hardy plants in sunny situations. Vigorous and free flowering in     Valley bottoms
                                                                  Golden Everlasting, Golden        cm diameter with yellow or white bracts appear in late spring to                                                                                                     well-composted soil. Frost hardy. Sow seed in July for summer        & flatlands                                                                        Popular garden
           ASTERACEAE                  Bracteantha bracteata      Everlasting daisy          n      autumn.                                                                                                                                                              flowering. Will seed themselves readily in informal gardens.         Gullies                       herb           Late            Associated            flower
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus albens, E.                                                                                                                                          Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                    Tufted herb with silvery-grey, linear leaves to 8 cm, smaller near the     goniocalyx, E. melliodora,                                                                                                                                     flatlands
                                                                                                    apex of stems. Erect stems bear ovoid, bright yellow flower heads in       Austrodanthonia spp., Poa                               Gently undulating hills, S        Propagation by division or from cuttings. Needs a dry, well-         Streamsides
           ASTERACEAE                  Calocephalus citreus       Lemon beauty-heads            n   spring and summer.                                                         sieberiana.                    Pale yellow clay.        aspect; Open-forest               drained position in full sun. Frost hardy plants.                    Gullies                       herb           Late            Ogrid
           ASTERACEAE                  Calotis anthemoides        Chamomile burr-daisy          n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           herb                           Hudson
           ASTERACEAE                  Calotis cunefolia          Purple Burr Daisy             n   Perennial to 30cm. Flowers mauve. Fruit a cluster of burrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                             herb                           Hudson
           ASTERACEAE                  Calotis lappulacea         Yellow Burr Daisy             n   Perennial to 30cm. Flowers yellow. Fruit a cluster of burrs.                                                                       Sclerophyll woodland                                                                                                                 herb                           Ogrid, Assumed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Prefers sandy or gravely          and full sun or part shade seems to be satisfactory. They are        Ridges
                                                                  Common Cassinia,                  Upright shrub to 3 m high by 2 m diameter and linear leaves to 3 cm.       In open eucalypt forest and                             slopes of dry, open or            frost hardy. Some have aromatic foliage. Propagation is from         Slopes
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia aculeata          Dogbush, Dolly bush           n   Rounded heads of off-white flowers occur in summer.                        woodland.                                               scrubby hills.In a rocky hill.    cuttings.                                                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer         Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet,
                                                                                                    Upright shrub to 2 m high by 1 m diameter with small, narrow,          In open eucalypt forest,                                    Widespread through                and full sun or part shade seems to be satisfactory. They are        Ridges                                                                             declared noxious
                                                                  Biddy bush, Chinese shrub,        aromatic leaves to 1.5 cm. Plume-like inflorescence, often pendulous, woodland and along                                           mountain and tableland            frost hardy. Some have aromatic foliage. Propagation is from         Slopes                                                                             weed in some
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia arcuata           Sifton Bush                ?      of fawn-coloured flowers.                                              roadsides.                                                  forests of eastern states.        cuttings.                                                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer         Ogrid/Hudson          shires
                                                                                                                                                                           Grow in a variety of
                                                                                                                                                                           communities on ridges in
                                                                                                                                                                           stony soils and in mallee on
                                                                                                                                                                           red sands. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                    Shrub to 3 m high. Stems white-woolly. Leaves crowded, linear, 1-5     albens, E. goniocalyx and E.                                                                  Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet,
                                                                                                    cm long. Inflorescence a dense or diffuse pyramidal panicle, 5-10 cm melliodora with                                                                                 and full sun or part shade seems to be satisfactory. They are        Ridges                                                                             weed of
                                                                                                    diameter. Involucral bracts in 4-5 rows, ovate with opaque white apex. Austrodanthonia spp. and                                    Gently undulating hills, S        frost hardy. Some have aromatic foliage. Propagation is from         Slopes                                                                             agricultural sites
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia laevis            Cough Bush                    n   Flowers spring-autumn.                                                 Poa sieberiana.                    Pale yellow clay.        aspect. Open-forest of            cuttings.                                                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer         Ogrid/Hudson          especially cropping
                                                                                                    Aromatic, rounded shrub 2-3 m high. Leaves oblong to narrow-                                                                                                         Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet,
                                                                                                    lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, margins recurved. Inflorescence a dense       In open eucalypt forest and                                                                   and full sun or part shade seems to be satisfactory. They are        Ridges
                                                                  Cauliflower Bush, Shiny           corymb. Involucral bracts in 3-5 overlapping rows, ovate with opaque rocky gorges especially              Shale or granite        A slope near water.                frost hardy. Some have aromatic foliage. Propagation is from         Slopes
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia longifolia        Cassinia                      n   white limbs. Flowers summer-autumn.                                    following disturbances.            soils, often on ridges. Preferring the ranges              cuttings.                                                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer         Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                           Grows in open sites in dry
                                                                                                                                                                           sclerophyll forest and                                                                        Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet,
                                                                                                                                                                           woodland. Eucalyptus                                                                          and full sun or part shade seems to be satisfactory. They are        Ridges
                                                                                                    Open, rounded shrub to 3 m high by 2 m diameter with linear leaves to blakelyi - E. macrorhyncha -        Deep shale or                                              frost hardy. Some have aromatic foliage. Propagation is from         Slopes
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia quinquefaria                                    n   4 cm. Off-white pyramidal heads of flowers occur in summer.            E. bridgesiana.                    granite soil.                                              cuttings.                                                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer         Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Most soils are satisfactory, provided that they are not too wet      Ridges
           ASTERACEAE                  Cassinia uncata            Sticky Cassinia               y                                                                                                                                                                        and grow in full sun or part shade. Frost hardy plant.               Gullies                       shrub          Late            Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                            Dominated by Eucalyptus           Loam. Stony soil.                                          Recommended. Propagation from cuttings. Grows in sunny
                                                                                                                                                                            sideroxylon. Eucalyptus and       Gravelly reddish soil.                                     position in most soils. An excellent ground cover for banks
                                                                                                                                                                            Acacia with pasture grasses.      Rocky sandstone                                            when planted at 70 cm centres. Most forms are frost hardy.
                                                                                                                                                                            Depauperate Eucalyptus            outcrops; acid           Woodland; Plain; along            Ground covers suitable for sloping banks or large expanses           Ridges
                                                                                                    Variable, mostly prostrate suckering herb with silvery-grey, hairy,     dealbata dry sclerophyll          volcanic lithology.      roadside; Railway bank;           without trees or shrubs. Ground covers suitable for sloping          Slopes
                                       Chrysocephalum             Common everlasting,               oblanceolate leaves, 1–7 cm long. Clusters of heads of bright yellow    forest. Eucalyptus albens         Red brown sandy          Grassland; Upper slope in         banks with some trees or shrubs or large areas between               Gullies                                                      Mgrid/Prober/Hudso
           ASTERACEAE                  apiculatum                 Yellow buttons                n   flowers borne on stems to 15 cm are seen in spring and summer.          grassy woodland.                  loam.                    hilly country.                    shrubs. Ground covers for small areas between shrubs.                Gullies (eroded)              herb           Pioneer         n                  Attractive flowers.
                                                                                                                                                                            Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                            with sparse understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                            Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                    Tufted perennial with fine, silvery-grey, linear leaves to 3 cm along   Stackhousia monogyna,
                                       Chrysocephalum                                               erect stems 60 cm high. Bears clusters of bright yellow flower heads in Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                               Creek bank, W aspect.Open Propagation from seed. Needs a sunny, dry position. Will grow                                                                             Mgrid/Prober/Hudso
           ASTERACEAE                  semipapposum               Clustered everlasting         n   late spring and summer.                                                 lanigera.                         Sandy loam.              woodland;Mallee.          in most soils. Frost hardy plants.                                                                         herb                           n                  Popular flowering.
           ASTERACEAE                  Craspedia chrysantha       Golden billy-buttons          n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           herb                           Hudson
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                     Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus albens, E.
                                                                                                                                                                             polyanthemos, E. bridgesiana
                                                                                                                                                                             woodland with grassy
                                                                                                                                                                             understorey of Themeda
                                                                                                     Erect herb with 1-several scapes to 50 cm high, branched simply at      triandra, Burchardia
                                                                                                     the base; roots thick, spreading; base of leaves retained, reddish and umbellata, etc. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                     overlapping. Leaves basal and cauline, narrow-spathulate, 5-13 cm       melliodora - E. blakelyi                                Depressions, low lying areas,
                                                                                                     long, 5-13 mm wide, with glandular hairs and multiseptate hairs and     association with Craspedia,                             damp. Mid-slope; low tree
                                                                                                     with very sparse long fine hairs. Compound heads globose, 10-25 mm Burchardia, Drosera,                Acid volcanic            cover. Gently undulating
                                                                                                     diam. Corollas golden-yellow. Achenes 1.5-2.5 mm long; pappus of 13- Stylidium, Cyperaceae,            geology. Grey clay       hills.Open woodland with
           ASTERACEAE                  Craspedia variabilis                                      n   21 colourless, plumose bristles 3-6 mm long.                            Themeda triandra.              loam.                    grass-herb understorey,                                                                                                            herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                     Hardy, unobtrusive little plant with rosette of lanceolate leaves to 10                                                                                         Propagation from seed. All but very wet situations are suitable. Slopes
                                                                                                     cm long. Yellow daisy flowers are borne singly on stems shorter than Widespread from coast,                                                                     May become weed in favourable conditions. Plants suitable for Valley bottoms &                                                                            weed of lawns and
           ASTERACEAE                  Cymbonotus lawsonianus      Bears ears                    n   the leaves.                                                             slopes, tablelands and plains. Variety of soil types.   DSF and woodland                heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                                 flatlands                         herb             Pioneer?        Prober                gardens
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Deep soil on
                                                                                                                                                                                                            porpyhry.                 Roadside.Rocky slope. Dry
           ASTERACEAE                  Euchiton sphaericus         Cudweed                       n                                                                                                          Sedimentary rock.        sclerophyll forest.                                                                                                                herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                             Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                     Perennial to 30cm tall, few branched stems. Leaves in a basal rosette, with open understorey of                                 Found on less disturbed
                                                                                                     3-5cm long, 3-7mm wide with short sparse hairs and stem leaves with Pultenaea procumbens,               Rocky brown             sites. Top of gentle ridge,
           ASTERACEAE                  Leptorhynchos elongatus     Hairy Bottoms                 n   rolled margins. Pale yellow flower-heads 20-35mm in diameter.           Dillwynia sericea.             skeletal soil.           flat. Open woodland.                                                                                                               herb                             Mgrid/Hudson
                                       Leptorhynchos
           ASTERACEAE                  panaetioides                Woolly buttons                n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      herb                             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                               Pasture of open woodland                              Gentle slope above creek, W
                                                                                                                                                                               with understorey of Viola                             aspect. Upper slope, in
                                                                                                                                                                               betonicifolia, Stackhousia                            undulating to hilly country; Propagation from seed, cuttings, or by division. Needs a sunny
                                                                                                     Spreading, semi-prostrate plant to 40 cm across. The oblong to narrow- monogyna. Eucalyptus                                     open grassy woodland.        position and grows in most soils. Frost hardy plants. Plant will
                                                                                                     oblanceolate leaves are up to 3 cm long. Small, yellow button-like        albens with Austrodanthonia                           Cemeteries, travelling stock trail and spread over rocks.                                                                                                           Mgrid/Prober/Hudso
           ASTERACEAE                  Leptorhynchos squamatus     Scaly button                  n   flower heads on long, slender stalks are borne in spring and summer. spp.                                Brown loam.            reserves.                                                                                                                          herb                             n
                                                                                                     Variable perennial herb with grey, linear or broad, hairy leaves.
                                       Leucochrysum albicans                                         Flowering stems to 30 cm. Papery flowers to 3 cm diameter with            Eucalyptus melliodora - E.     Deep yellow podsolic                                   Hardy plant for frosty areas. Needs full sun. Sow in June or
           ASTERACEAE                  var. albicans                                             n   yellow or white bracts occur in summer.                                   blakelyi woodland.             on sedimentary rock.                                   July for summer display. Plant at 30 cm centres.                                                   herb                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               with sparse understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                               Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                                                                                               Stackhousia monogyna,                                 Creek bank, W aspect. Open
                                                                                                                                                                               Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                          woodland. Undulating; open                                                                           Slopes
                                                                                                     Perennial herb with tuberous roots and slender, lanceolate, radical       lanigera. Surrounded by        Shallow podsolic on    Themeda triandra grassland. Propagation from seed. Most situations are suitable. The                 Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                     leaves, 4–30 cm long. Bright yellow flower heads, 3 cm in diameter,       white box (E. albens)          shale. Sandy loam.     Found on less disturbed      tuberous rootstock was an important food source for the                 flatlands                                                                            fragmented and
           ASTERACEAE                  Microseris lanceolata       Native Yam, Yam Daisy         n   held on stems 20–40 cm, not unlike a large dandelion.                     woodland.                      Brown clay loams.      sites, grassy box woodlands. Aborigines. Frost hardy plants.                                         Gullies                       herb             Late            Mgrid/Prober          endangered
                                                                                                     Small cushion-shaped plant, 10 cm high by 30–40 cm across. Linear                                                                                            Propagation from cuttings, but seed should be tried when
                                                                                                     leaves to 4 cm long. Daisy-like flowers, 2 cm in diameter, white to lilac                                                                                    available. Full sun and good drainage are preferred. Showy
           ASTERACEAE                  Minuria leptophylla         Minnie daisy                  n   blue, cover the plant for a large part of the year.                                                                                                          plant in flower. Plant will trail and spread over rocks.                                              herb                             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus dalrympleana, E.                           On a ridge. In mixed
           ASTERACEAE                  Ozothamnus stirlingii                                     n                                                                             pauciflora.                                           subalpine forest                                                                                                                   shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                                     Rosette-forming perennial with oblanceolate basal leaves to 20 cm.
                                                                                                     The stem leaves are narrow-lanceolate to 5 cm. Flowering stems may
                                                                                                     reach 1 m. The flowers are yellow and about 4 cm in diameter. They                                                                                              Propagation from seed. Useful plant for full-sun situation. Frost
           ASTERACEAE                  Podolepis jaceoides         Showy copper-wire daisy       n   are seen in summer.                                                                                                                                             hardy plants.                                                                                      herb                             Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Propagation from seed. Stratification may increase percentage
                                                                                                     Perennial plant forming rosettes of oblong to narrow-spathulate leaves                                                                                          of germination. Need a well-drained position with ample
                                                                                                     to 20 cm long. Large yellow flower heads, 25 cm in diameter, on                                          Deep loam to clay                                      moisture and some shade. Plants suitable for heavy shade.
           ASTERACEAE                  Podolepis robusta                                         n   woolly, leafy stems 60 cm high, appear in spring and summer.                                             loam on basalt.                                        Frost hardy plants.                                                                                herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                              Dominated by Eucalyptus                                                                                                                                     Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                              with sparse understorey of                                                                                                                                  Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                              Pultenaea procumbens,                                                                                                                                       flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                              Stackhousia monogyna,                                                                                                                                       Streamsides
                                       Pseudognaphalium                                                                                                                       Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                           Creek bank, W aspect.Open                                                                            Gullies
           ASTERACEAE                  luteoalbum                  Jersey cudweed                ?                                                                            lanigera.                       Sandy loam.            woodland                                                                                             Gullies (eroded)              herb             Pioneer         Mgrid/Hudson
           ASTERACEAE                  Rhodanthe corymbiflorum     Grey sunray                   n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      herb                             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Gently undulating hills.
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus albens, E.           Sandstone and          Depauperate Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                              blakelyi, E. macrorhyncha, E.   conglomerate           dealbata, dry sclerophyll
                                       Senecio hispidulus var.                                                                                                                polyanthemos, Acacia            outcrop. Grey clay     forests or woodlands. Grass-
           ASTERACEAE                  dissectus                   Hill fireweed                 n   Dark green, deep-lobed leaves.                                           implexa                         loam.                  herb field.                  Regeneration after disturbance.                                                                       herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Propagation from cuttings or seed. A very hardy, colourful but
                                                                                                     Open shrub to 2 m high by 2 m across. Soft leaves are variable, linear                                                                                       untidy species. All soils and aspects are suitable. Plants
                                                                                                     to broad-lanceolate, toothed or entire, to 15 cm. Terminal sprays of                                     Shallow soil on                                     suitable for heavy shade. Plants suitable for areas of low
           ASTERACEAE                  Senecio linearifolius                                     n   yellow daisy flowers, 2 cm in diameter, occur most of the year.                                          sedimentary rock.                                   maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                                      shrub/herb                       Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus albens with
                                                                                                                                                                              Austrostipa blackii,
                                                                                                                                                                              Austrodanthonia eriantha,
                                                                                                                                                                              Themeda triandra, Microseris
                                                                                                                                                                              lanceolata, Bulbine bulbosa,                           Gentle slope in flat -
                                                                                                                                                                              etc. Dominated by                                      undulating country;
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus with sparse                                 opengrassy woodland
                                                                                                                                                                              understorey of Pultenaea                               Undulating country;
                                                                                                                                                                              procumbens, Stackhousia                                grassland; Gentle slope                                                                                                                                                                grows in disturbed
                                                                                                                                                                              monogyna, Dillwynia sericea, Young granite. Loam       above creek, W aspect.Open                                                                                                                                          Mgrid/Prober/Hudso situations esp after
           ASTERACEAE                  Senecio quadridentatus      Cotton fireweed               n   Silvery foliage                                                          Grevillea lanigera.          on granitic rock.         woodland                   Regenerates after fire/disturbance.                                                                     herb                             n                  fire
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sandstone and             Depauperate Euc.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           conglomerate              dealbatadry sclerop[hyll                                                                                                                                                                  grows in distrubed
           ASTERACEAE                  Senecio tenuiflorus                                       n                                                                                                         outcrop.                  forest.                                                                                                                            herb                             Mgrid                 sites
                                                                                                                                                                              Apple Box, grasses, Acacia
                                                                                                                                                                              rubida, A. dealbata,
                                                                                                                                                                              Dodonaea viscosa, Calotis
                                                                                                                                                                              lappulacea and Cassinia      Friable, light brown      amongst rocks at base of
           ASTERACEAE                  Sigesbeckia australiensis                                 n                                                                            quinquefaria.                clay-loam.                cliff.                                                                                                                             herb                             Ogrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                        Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Probably more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           widespread than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           acknowledged
                                                                                                       Flat perennial rosette, leaves 5cm long x 15mm wide, oval in shape                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  because it looks
                                                                                                       and edged with small, rounded teeth. Flowers inconspicuous, green,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  like Cats
           ASTERACEAE                  Solenogyne dominii           Smooth Solenogyne              n   set low in rosette.                                                       Box woodland species.                              Undulating country.                                                                                                             herb                             Hudson                Ears/Dandelion.
                                                                    Austral sunray, Common             Small sparsely branched annual to 10cm. Linear leaves, hairy, lime
           ASTERACEAE                  Triptilodiscus pygmaeus      Sunray                         n   green. Flower heads yellow.                                               Box woodland species.                              Undulating hills.                                                                                                               herb                             Hudson
                                       Vittadinia cuneata f.                                           Pale blue to mauve flowerheads. Grows 10-40cm with densely hairy                                                                                                                                                                                             sub-
           ASTERACEAE                  cuneata                      Fuzzweed                       n   stems.                                                                                                                                                        Tolerates disturbance.                                                                         shrub/herb                       Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus albens, E.                                  Gently undulating hills, S
                                                                                                                                                                             goniocalyx, E. melliodora,                             aspect; open-forest.
                                                                                                                                                                             Austrodanthonia spp., Poa                              Roadsides, pastures, and
           ASTERACEAE                  Vittadinia gracilis                                         n   As above except fine white hairs on stems and leaves. Purple flowers. sieberiana.                      Pale yellow clay.     sclerophyll forest                                                                                                              shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus melliodora, E.
                                                                                                                                                                             macrorhyncha, E.
                                                                                                       Perennial to 10cm tall with multiple stiff stems that persist through bridgesiana, Pultenaea                                 Gentle rise, undulating plain,
                                                                    Narrow-leaved New                  winter. Leaves 1-4cm long, densely clustered. Mauve flower heads,     procumbens, Dillwynia            Pale grey-brown       E aspect; open-forest;
           ASTERACEAE                  Vittadinia muelleri          Holland Daisy                  n   yellow flowers in centre.                                             sericea.                         clay.                 grassland and woodlands                                                                                                         herb                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Propagation by spores or division. A hardy fern. Excellent for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   softening rocky expanse by planting in rock crevices provided
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   that ample watering is applied. Needs full sun or part shade
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   and grows in most soils. Ground covers for small areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    cooler, high altitude regions, between shrubs. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    bogs, wet rock crevices (full Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants. Plant will
           BLECHNACEAE                 Blechnum penna-marina        Alpine water fern              n   Small fern with creeping rhizome and short fronds about 20 cm long.                                                          sun - part shade)              trail and spread over rocks.                                                                     fern                             Associated
                                                                                                       Erect herb to 50cm tall. Basal leaves spathulate with lamina 7-20cm                                                          Railway bank. woodland.
                                                                                                       long, 12-25mm wide. Corolla white to blue. Fruits ovoid to elliptic                                    Gravelly reddish      Grassland. Vegetation of
           BORAGINACEAE                Cynoglossum suaveolens                                      n   covered in barbed spines. Flowers spring-summer.                          Eucalyptus albens.           lateritic soil.       mostly weeds.                  Grows in damp places, woodland                                                                   herb                             Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Very sandy light      bare area on recently
           BORAGINACEAE                Heliotropium europaeum       Common Heliotrope              n                                                                                                          brown clay-loam;      disturbed roadverge                                                                                                             herb                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Very sandy light      bare area on recently
           BORAGINACEAE                Heliotropium europaeum       Common Heliotrope              y                                                                                                          brown clay-loam;      disturbed roadverge                                                                                                             herb                             Ogrid
                                                                                                       Annual or perennial herb, grows to 40cm tall. Leaves variable, basal
                                                                                                       leaves spathulate. Flowers white or yellow, rarely bluish. Flowers                                     Shallow podsolic on                                                                                                      Ridges                                                                              widespread but
           BORAGINACEAE                Myosotis australis           Australian forget-me-not       n   spring-summer.                                                                                         shale.                rocky places                                                                                       Gullies                      herb             Late            Ogrid                 uncommon

                                                                                                                                                                                 Acacia deanii and A.                               On edge of creek in moist        Propagation from scarified seed. They are hardy in cultivation,
                                                                                                       Spreading shrub to 1 m high by 1.5 m diameter. Dark green, pinnate        pilinervis with Callitris                          grassy area; sclerophyll         provided that a warm, sunny situation is selected along with a
           CAESALPINIACEAE             Senna aciphylla                                             n   leaves with pointed leaflets. Yellow flowers occur in spring.             glaucophylla.                                      forest                           well-drained soil. One of the most frost-tolerant species.                                     shrub                            Ogrid
                                       Senna artemisioides subsp Silver cassia, Silver
           CAESALPINIACEAE             nemophila                 Cassia, Punty bush                n                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                shrub                            Hudson

                                                                                                       Perennial tufted herb, 5-75 cm high, branching below inflorescence,
                                                                                                       glabrous or sometimes sparsely hirsute. Leaves alternate, linear
                                                                                                       throughout or the lowermost oblanceolate, 4-80 mm long, 0.5-6 mm                                                                                                                                                                Ridges
                                                                                                       wide, apex mostly acute, margins flat or sometimes undulate, entire or                                                                                                                                                          Slopes
                                                                                                       with small callus teeth, glabrous or sometimes lower leaves sparsely                                                                                                                                                            Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       hirsute. Flowers in cymes. Sepals 2-6 mm long. Corolla blue; tube 4-9                                                                                                                                                           flatlands
                                                                                                       mm long; lobes 6-13 mm long. Style 3-fid, not constricted. Capsule                                                           Widespread in open                                                                                 Gullies
                                                                                                       obconic or elongated-obconic, 4-9 mm long, glabrous. Flowers                                                                 disturbed sites, particularly    Tolerates disturbance. They strike readily from cuttings and      Gullies (eroded)
           CAMPANULACEAE               Wahlenbergia communis        Tufted bluebell                n   throughout year.                                                       Box woodland species.                                 along roadsides.                 may also be grown from seed.                                      Streamsides                  herb             Pioneer         Hudson

                                                                                                       Annual herb 1.5-35 cm high, single- or few-stemmed, often
                                                                                                       unbranched below the inflorescence, usually hirsute. Leaves opposite
                                                                                                       and obovate to elliptic towards base, alternate and ovate to lanceolate
                                                                                                       above, sometimes alternate throughout, 1-40 mm long, 0.2-11 mm
                                                                                                       wide, apex obtuse to acute, margins flat or sometimes undulate,
                                                                                                       usually hirsute. Flowers in cymes or sometimes solitary on stalks 1-10
                                                                                                       cm long. Sepals 0.5-4 mm long. Corolla usually blue, sometimes white                                                                                                                                                            Ridges
                                                                                                       or pink; tube 0.5-4 mm long; lobes 0.5-5 mm long. Style usually 3-fid,                                                       Grows in open sites in a                                                                           Slopes
                                                                                                       constricted about halfway down. Capsule ellipsoid or globose, 1-7 mm                                   Shallow soil on       variety of plant communities; They strike readily from cuttings and may also be grown from         Gullies
           CAMPANULACEAE               Wahlenbergia gracilenta      Annual bluebell                n   long, typically hirsute. Flowers winter-summer.                                                        sandstone.            widespread.                   seed.                                                                Gullies (eroded)             herb             Pioneer?        Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ridge, moderate slope, SW                                                                          flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                                 Box woodland species,                              aspect; open woodland, open                                                                        Gullies
                                                                    Sprawling or Australian                                                                                      Eucalyptus, Callitris,                             understorey, lawns and                                                                             Gullies (eroded)
           CAMPANULACEAE               Wahlenbergia gracilis        bluebell                       y                                                                             Leptospermum                 Rocky soil            gardens                                                                                            Streamsides                  herb             Pioneer         Mgrid

                                                                                                       Perennial tufted herb, 6-80 cm high, branching below inflorescence,
                                                                                                       glabrous or sometimes sparsely hirsute. Leaves opposite, becoming
                                                                                                       alternate up the stem, linear, 4-60 mm long, 1-4 mm wide, apex acute,                                                                                                                                                    Ridges
                                                                                                       margins flat, entire, or with small callus teeth, glabrous or sometimes                                                                                                                                                  Slopes
                                                                                                       lower leaves sparsely hirsute. Flowers in cymes. Sepals 3-8.5 mm                                                                                                                                                         Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       long. Corolla blue inside, white, often with a yellowish brown wash       Box woodland species,                                                                                                                          flatlands
                                                                                                       outside; tube 2-5 mm long; lobes 6-14 mm long. Style 3-fid, usually not   Eucalyptus albens,                                 Grows in woodland                                                                           Gullies
                                                                                                       constricted. Capsule elongated-obconic, 5-12 mm long, glabrous.           Austrostipa blackii,         Gravelly, reddish     grassland and along         They strike readily from cuttings and may also be grown from Gullies (eroded)
           CAMPANULACEAE               Wahlenbergia luteola                                        n   Flowers throughout year.                                                  Austrodanthonia eriantha.    lateritic soil.       roadsides.                  seed.                                                           Streamsides                         herb             Pioneer?        Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Slope, NW aspect; remnant                                                                   Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    dry sclerophyll woodland;                                                                   Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       Often seen alongside roads, forming clumps about 40 cm high. The                                                             grassy understorey. Lower                                                                   flatlands
                                                                                                       leaves are mostly opposite, obovate or oblanceolate and vary in length Eucalyptus melliodora, E.                             slope, undulating/hilly                                                                     Gullies
                                       Wahlenbergia stricta subsp.                                     from 1 to 7 cm. Masses of light blue flowers on slender stems appear blakelyi, Eucalyptus albens       Red/yellow podsolic   country; grassy open        They strike readily from cuttings and may also be grown from Gullies (eroded)
           CAMPANULACEAE               stricta                     Tall bluebell                   n   in spring and summer. Occasional albino forms are found.               mixed herbs.                    soil.                 woodland                    seed. Needs a well-drained, sunny position. Frost hardy plants. Streamsides                         herb             Pioneer         Ogrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                       Often seen alongside roads, forming clumps about 40 cm high. The          Eucalyptus, Pultenaea                                                                                                                          flatlands
                                                                                                       leaves are mostly alternate, obovate or oblanceolate and vary in length   procumbens, Stackhousia                            Gentle slope above creek, W                                                                 Gullies
                                       Wahlenberia stricta subsp.                                      from 1 to 7 cm. Masses of light blue flowers on slender stems appear      monogyna, Dillwynia sericea, Loam on granitic      aspect; Open woodland,      They strike readily from cuttings and may also be grown from Gullies (eroded)
           CAMPANULACEAE               alterna                    Tall bluebell                    n   in spring and summer. Occasional albino forms are found.                  Grevillea lanigera.          rock.                 sparse understorey          seed. Needs a well-drained, sunny position. Frost hardy plants. Streamsides                         herb             Pioneer         Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                     Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Roadside cutting on gentle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        rise; undulating tablelands, N
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aspect; saddle, E aspect;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        open partly cleared
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus woodland; steep
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bare road embankment;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        disturbed grassland;
                                                                                                                                                                              Grasses occasional               Stony red-brown          woodland, ground cover of
                                                                                                                                                                              Lissanthe strigosa,              clay. Light brown        mainly native species.Grows
                                                                                                    Male and female flowers on same or different plant. Shrub or small        Pultenaea, Allocasuarina,        clay with some           in heath or low open
                                       Allocasuarina diminuta                                       tree, 1-5 m tall. Branchlets to 23 cm long, articles often waxy. Teeth    Eucalyptus blakelyi - E.         gravel. Clay-loam        woodland on sandstone                                                                                Ridges
           CASUARINACEAE               subsp. diminuta              a She Oak                   n   erect or spreading.                                                       melliodora.                      soil.                    ridges and hillsides                                                                                 Slopes                        tree           Pioneer          Igrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Grows scattered in               Gravelly orange-
                                                                                                                                                                              woodlands. Eucalyptus            brown loamy clay on
                                                                                                                                                                              bridgesiana, E. albens,          Wyangala Granite.     Mid-slope on undulating
                                                                                                    Male and female flowers different plants. Tree, 1-5 m tall. Articles      Brachychiton populneus,          On non-calcareous hillside, E aspect; open-                                                                                   Ridges
           CASUARINACEAE               Allocasuarina leuhmannii     Buloak                      n   sometimes waxy. Teeth 10-14. Cones with obtuse protubances.               Acacia implexa.                  soil.                 forest                              Disturbed roots will sucker. Transplant these or from seed.         Slopes                        tree           Pioneer?         Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Confined to W aspect;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     woodland; E facing hillside.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Grows in heath or low open          Propagation from seed. Disturbed roots will sucker. Very
                                                                                                    Rounded tree to 10 m, often less. Branchlets long and pendulous.          Eucalyptus melliodora, E.        Deep red and yellow woodland on sandstone                 attractive habit. Hardy in most soils and aspects. Frost hardy      Ridges
           CASUARINACEAE               Allocasuarina verticillata   Drooping Sheoak             n   Cones are barrel-shaped, 2–5 cm long.                                     blakelyi, Callitris dominated.   podsolic on porphyry. ridges and hillsides.               plants.                                                             Slopes                        tree           Pioneer          Igrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                              Produces copious needle
                                                                                                    Medium-sized to tall tree to 20 m. Branchlets slightly pendulous.         litter which supresses           Well drained or          permanent freshwater             Propagation from seed. Handsome tree. Reliable in well-
           CASUARINACEAE               Casuarina cunninghamiana River oak, River She-oak        n   Cones to 1.3 cm long.                                                     undergrowth.                     damp soils.              streams                          drained or damp soils. Frost hardy plants.                          Streamsides                   tree           Pioneer/Late     Associated/Hudson Best in groups

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Propagation from cuttings. Although generally ignored in            Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cultivation, it makes a good ground cover for banks when            Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         massed. Very hardy plant in most situations. Will withstand         Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                    Prostrate or weakly climbing plant to 3 m across. The variable grey-                                       Shallow soil with rock                                    very dry conditions. Plant at 60 cm centres. Ground covers          flatlands
                                                                                                    green leaves may be linear, lanceolate or arrowhead-shaped to 3 cm        Eucalyptus melliodora, E.        outcropping.                                              suitable for sloping banks or large expanses without trees or       Gullies
                                       Einadia nutans subsp.                                        long. Flowers are insignificant. The small, succulent fruits are bright   microcarpa, White Cypress        (Porphyry). Heavy                                         shrubs.Ground covers for small areas between shrubs. Plants         Gullies (eroded)                                                                    Extremely vigorous
           CHENOPODIACEAE              nutans                       Climbing Saltbush           n   red or yellow.                                                            Pine                             soils.                                                    suitable for areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.          Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer?         Mgrid                 and hardy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A sunny, well-drained situation is required. Propagation is by      Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                    Grey Box, Acacia hakeoides,                                                                          cuttings, which root without the use of mist. Percentage strike     flatlands
                                                                                                    Rounded grey-green shrub to 1.5m high. Can become woody. Leaves A. montana, Senna                                                                                    is usually not high, as field-collected material rapidly            Gullies
           CHENOPODIACEAE              Maireana microphylla         Eastern cottonbush          n   small hairless or downy, 2-4mm long x 0.5mm wide.               artemisioides.              Poorer soils.                           Grasslands and woodlands         deteriorates in storage.                                            Gullies (eroded)              shrub          Pioneer?         Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                A wide range of soil
                                                                                                                                                                                                types including low
                                                                                                                                                                                                lying areas subject to
                                                                                                                                                                                                occasional
                                                                                                                                                                                                inundation. Red-                        Weedy verge in cleared                                                                               Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                    Grey Box, Bulloak, Yellow   brown clay-loam with                    Eucalyptus melliodora                                                                                flatlands
                                       Sclerolaena muricata var.                                                                                                    Box, Acacia montana, A.     some gravel; heavy                      woodland. Common in                                                                                  Gullies
           CHENOPODIACEAE              semiglabra                   Black rolypoly              y                                                                   hakeoides.                  soils.                                  overgrazed areas.                                                                                    Gullies (eroded)              shrub          Pioneer          Ogrid

                                                                                                    Erect herb 10-40 cm high. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, 5-13 mm long;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Distinguish from
                                                                                                    floral leaves stem-clasping. Terminal cymes usually with 3 or more        Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.                                                                                                                                                                                                                            St. Johns Wort by
                                                                                                    flowers, rarely flowers solitary and axillary; flowers 5-12 mm            macrorhyncha, E.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   its smaller habit
                                                                                                    diam., orange-yellow; pedicels erect, 5-15 mm long. Sepals and petals     bridgesiana, Eucalyptus          Deep soil.               On roadside; woodland.                                                                               Slopes                                                                              and flowers that
                                                                    Small St John's Wort,           4-8 mm long, persistent. Stamens 20-50, mostly free, persistent.          albens woodland with some        Sedimentary rock.        Rocky slope. Dry sclerophyll                                                                         Valley bottoms &                                                                    are more orange-
           CLUSIACEAE                  Hypericum gramineum          Native St. Johns Wort       ?   Capsule 3-valved, to 7 mm long. Flowers spring to early summer.           shrubs.                          Well-drained soils.      forest. Grassland.                                                                                   flatlands                     herb           Late?            Mgrid                 yellow.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ridge, moderate slope, SW        Propagation from transplants, or seed should be tried. Most
                                                                                                    Inconspicuous grass-like leaves. Umbel of several white flowers, 1 cm                                                               aspect; Well watered by run      conditions are suitable but watering must be controlled, with
                                                                                                    in diameter with purple anthers, on erect stem 20–30 cm high, appears Stringybark, Yellow Box,             Rocky soil; deep         offseepage; open woodland        plenty of water in late winter and spring and less in dormant
                                                                    Milkmaids, Star of              in spring. Plant will die down in summer to be reduced to tuberous    Ironbark, Callitris,                 yellow podsolic on       dominated by Eucalyptus          period. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy
           COLCHICACEAE                Burchardia umbellata         Bethlahem                   n   rootstock.                                                            Leptospermum.                        sedimentary rock.        with open understorey            plants. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in dormancy.                                         herb                            Mgrid

                                                                                                    Herb 3.5-30 cm high. Leaves 3, well separated; lowest leaf filiform or
                                                                                                    linear, 1-2.5 mm wide, not dilated basally; second leaf dilated basally,
                                                                                                    upper portion tapering; upper leaf dilated with short or long narrow
                                                                                                    apical portion. Inflorescence open, 1-6-flowered, all bisexual or lower
                                                                                                    bisexual and upper male, occasionally all male. Tepals 8-10 mm long,
                                                                                                    white; nectaries 2 per tepal, a third from base, with shelf-like                                                                    Grows in forest, in disturbed
                                                                                                    thickenings on all margins (except apical one) distinct and raised, pink.                                                           grassy places, creek banks
                                                                                                    Stamens half to a third as long as tepals; anthers 1.5-2 mm long, red      Peppermint forest, heath                                 and rocky ridges. Gentle to
           COLCHICACEAE                Wurmbea biglandulosa                                     n   or purple. Capsule 4-5.5 mm long. Flowers spring.                         understorey.                     Shaley loam.             steep slope.                                                                                                                       herb                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Box woodland species and                                              Transplants readily. Seed should also be tried. Full sun or part
                                                                                                    Bulbous plant to 15–20 cm with three mostly linear leaves. Two to         White Cypress Pine.                       W aspect upper slope;       shade and grows in most soils. Ample water should be applied
                                                                                                    seven open rounded flowers, generally white with some purple              Eucalyptus melliodora.                    cleared woodland and        in spring and summer. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas.
                                       Wurmbea dioica subsp.                                        blotching, on an erect stem, appear in late-winter to early-spring. May Peppermint forest, heathReddish sandy loam. planted sp. Gentle to steep Frost hardy plants. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in
           COLCHICACEAE                dioica                       Early Nancy                 n   have male and female flowers on separate plants.                          understorey.          Shaley loam.        slope                       dormancy.                                                                                                              herb                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Yellow Box, Grey Box, White                                           Propagation from seed or cuttings. Needs a well-drained,
                                                                                                                                                                              Box, Blakely's Red Gum,                                               sunny situation in most soils. Some drying out is accepted, but
                                                                                                    Trailing plant with variable lanceolate to heart-shaped leaves,           understorey of Viola                      Gentle slope above creek, W in extended dryness foliage becomes sparse. Plant at 60 cm                               Slopes
                                                                                                    sometimes with lobes. The open, rounded pink flowers, 2 cm in             betonicifolia, Stackhousia                aspect. Pasture of open     centres. Ground covers for small areas between shrubs. Frost                             Valley bottoms &
           CONVOLVULACEAE              Convolvulus erubescens       Australian bindweed         n   diameter, appear in spring and summer.                                    monogyna.             Brown loam.         woodland                    hardy plants.                                                                            flatlands                     herb           Late             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation by division. Grows in most situations but ample
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    watering is required for good coverage. Plant at 30 cm centres.                          Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    In heavy shade it becomes etiolated. Ground covers suitable                              Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    for sloping banks or large expanses without trees or shrubs.                             flatlands
                                                                                                    Prostrate plant, producing roots at nodes and spreading vigorously. Microlaena stipoides,                                                       Ground covers suitable for sloping banks with some trees or                              Gullies
                                                                                                    Kidney-shaped leaves to 3 cm across. Small, greenish, inconspicuous Eucalyptus bridgesiana and                                                  shrubs or large areas between shrubs. Ground covers for                                  Gullies (eroded)
           CONVOLVULACEAE              Dichondra repens             Kidneyweed                  n   flowers.                                                            other box woodland species.                     Shade to semi-shade         small areas between shrubs.                                                              Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer          Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        River flat and gentle slope in                                                                       Gullies
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus albens with Poa                                undulating country; moist                                                                            Gullies (eroded)
           CRASSULACEAE                Crassula decumbens                                       y                                                                             spp.                             pink sandstone;          areas                                                                                                Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer          Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Gullies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Gullies (eroded)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ?
           CRASSULACEAE                Crassula helmsii         Swamp stonecrop           y                                                                                                                                     permanently wet areas                                                                               Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer         Ogrid
                                                                                              Decumbent annual with stems to 6 cm long, much branched. Leaves
                                                                                              narrow-lanceolate to linear, mostly 3-5 mm long, 0.5-1 mm wide, often
                                                                                              red, apex mucronate or acuminate; sessile. Flowers solitary and
                                                                                              terminal but appearing axillary; pedicels 3-8 mm long in fruit. Flowers 4-                                                        River flat and gentle slope in                                                                      Valley bottoms &
                                                                                              merous. Calyx lobes 0.7-1 mm long. Corolla white or tinged red,                                                                   undulating country. Grows in                                                                        flatlands
                                                                                              spreading lobes c. 1.4 mm long. Carpel scales oblong. Follicles            Eucalyptus albens with Poa                             rarely flooded but marshy                                                                           Gullies
           CRASSULACEAE                Crassula peduncularis                              n   splitting longitudinally; seeds 10-14.                                     spp.                           Pink sandstone.         areas.                                                                                              Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer?        Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                         Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                                                                                         Stackhousia monogyna,
                                                                                                                                                                         Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea
                                                                                                                                                                         lanigera, Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                         sideroxylon, E. microcarpa
                                                                                                                                                                         and E. macrorhyncha with       Sandy
                                                                                                                                                                         understorey of Acacia spp.     loam.Gravelly, red-                                                                                                         Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                         Callitris as co-dominant       brown clay-loam with    Creek bank, W aspect; open                                                                          Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                         species; sparse understorey,   quartzite. Rocky        woodland/forest; N aspect; Propagation from seed. Hardy, but requires good drainage.                Valley bottoms &
                                                                                              Conical tree to 10 m. Foliage usually green. Slender globular cones,       Cheilanthes sp. and            knoll. Clay loam with   Open Eucalyptus woodland Will accept quite dry conditions and maintain denseness of                 flatlands
           CUPREStreamsidesACEAE Callitris endlicheri           Black cypress pine        n   15–20 mm in diameter.                                                      Stypandra glauca common.       granite outcrops.       with sparse understorey    foliage. Frost hardy plants.                                             Gullies                       tree           Pioneer/Late    Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Propagation from seed. They are hardy plants that will accept      Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                         Yellow Box, White Box, Grey                            Woodland. Rarely seen on         a sunny, well-drained position and produce a compact, rather       Valley bottoms &
                                                                White cypress pine,           Medium-sized tree to 20 m (occasionally taller) with a conical shape       Box, Acacia decora, A.                                 rocky stone outcrops and         formal tree, with foliage almost to the ground. Frost hardy        flatlands
           CUPREStreamsidesACEAE Callitris glaucophylla         Murray Pine               n   and bluish-grey foliage. Ovoid cones to 2.5 cm diameter.                   hakeoides                   Sand.                      ridges.                          plants.                                                            Gullies                       tree           Pioneer/Late    Ogrid/Hudson

                                                                                              Rhizome short; shoots densely tufted. Culms erect, triquetrous above,
                                                                                              may be subterete below, scabrous above, 40--120 cm long, 2--4 mm
                                                                                              diam. Leaves shorter than to equalling culms; blade 2--12 mm wide;
                                                                                              sheath grey-brown; ligule rounded to truncate. Inflorescence erect,
                                                                                              narrow, 4--45 cm long, compound, with numerous short spikes solitary
                                                                                              at nodes or on appressed spike-like secondary branches to 3 cm long;
                                                                                              lowest involucral bract very short. Spikes sessile, contiguous, erect to
                                                                                              spreading at maturity, to 1 cm long; all spikes androgynous. Glumes
                                                                                              acute, occasionally shortly mucronate, yellow-brown, occasionally with
                                                                                              white margins near apex; female glumes 2--2.5 mm long. Utricles
                                                                                              ovoid, with thickened truncate base, several-nerved, 2--3 mm long, 1.0-                                                           Hills. Edge of steep sided
                                                                                              -1.7 mm diam., hispid on narrowly winged or ribbed margins, greenish                                                              valley. Aspect NW. In open
                                                                                              brown to dark yellow-brown; beak ca 1 mm long, with apex 2-fid.            River Red Gum, River She-                              woodland. Damp places
                                                                                              Anthers 1.5--2 mm long excluding appendage ca 0.2 mm long. Style 2- oak, Boree, Apple Box, Grey Sandy loam pockets                including wetlands,
                                                                                              fid. Nut ovoid, lenticular in cross section, yellow-brown. Flowers spring- Box, Yellow Box,          amongst granitic             creeklines, drainage
           CYPERACEAE                  Carex appressa           Tall Sedge                n   -summer.                                                                   Brachychiton sp.          boulders.                    depressions.                                                                                                                      herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                              Tufted sedge to 20 cm with narrow grass-like leaves tending to curve                                                                                               Propagation by division. Very hardy and not invasive. Frost
           CYPERACEAE                  Carex breviculmis        Short-stem sedge          n   outwards. Very small flower spikes.                                                                                                                                hardy plants.                                                                                    herb                           Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Propagation by division. Very hardy plant for poolsides but it
                                                                                              Rhizomatous plant with erect leaves 30 cm long. Bears erect flower                                                                                                 may become invasive. Needs full sun. Plants suitable for
           CYPERACEAE                  Carex gaudichaudiana                               ?   spikes about the same length.                                                                             Poorly drained.         swamps, creekbeds                poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                                                        herb                           Associated

                                                                                              Rhizome long; shoots ± loosely tufted. Culms erect, terete, smooth, 10-
                                                                                              -50 cm long, ca 1 mm diam. Leaves shorter than culms; blade 0.7--2
                                                                                              mm wide; sheath dark brown, persisting as fibrous remains; ligule
                                                                                              obtuse to rounded. Inflorescence erect, 0.7--3 cm long, with 2--6
                                                                                              spikes solitary at nodes; lowest involucral bracts exceeding
                                                                                              inflorescence. Spikes sessile, ± contiguous, spreading to erect at
                                                                                              maturity, to 1 (rarely to 1.5) cm long; all spikes gynaecandrous.
                                                                                              Glumes acuminate to obtuse, mostly short- to long-mucronate, whitish
                                                                                              to pale yellow-brown (rarely orange-brown) with green midrib; female
                                                                                              glumes 2--3 (rarely to 5) mm long. Utricles broad-obovoid to ellipsoid,
                                                                                              ± strongly several--numerous-nerved, often transversely wrinkled
                                                                                              between nerves, 2.2--4.5 mm long, 1.0--2.1 mm diam., densely
                                                                                              minutely hispid on narrowly winged margins and beak, green to
                                                                                              yellowish; beak 0.3--1.1 mm long, with apex split. Anthers 0.8--1.6 mm
                                                                                              long excluding appendage to 0.2 mm long. Style 2-fid. Nut obovoid to
                                                                Common sedge, Knob            broad-ellipsoid, lenticular in cross section, pale to dark yellow-brown.
           CYPERACEAE                  Carex inversa            Sedge                     n   Flowers spring--summer.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             herb                           Hudson

                                                                                              Stout tussock-forming perennial. Culms trigonous, smooth, 100--180
                                                                                              cm high, to 8 mm diam. Leaves not septate-nodulose, as long as
                                                                                              culms or longer, 5--15 mm wide. Inflorescence compound or
                                                                                              decompound, with 5--10 primary branches to 18 cm long; spikes
                                                                                              narrow-cylindrical, 2--5 cm long, 0.5--1.5 cm diam.; involucral bracts     Leptospermum sp.,
                                                                                              leaf-like, 4--6 to 90 cm long. Spikelets flattened, numerous per spike, 4- Eucalyptus bridgesiana, E.
                                                                                              -18 mm long, 1--2 mm wide, 6--44-flowered; rachilla broadly winged,        camphora, Acacia dealbata,
                                                                                              persistent. Glumes obtuse, mucronate, with sides ± nerveless, 1.5--2.0 A. melanoxylon, Cyperus
                                                                                              mm long, yellow to dark yellow-brown. Stamens 3. Style 3-fid. Nut          eragrostis, Alternanthera                              Grows in shallow water and
                                                                                              trigonous, ellipsoid, less than half as long as glume, 0.6--0.8 mm long, denticulata and Callistemon      Grey-brown sandy-       on banks of streams and
           CYPERACEAE                  Cyperus exaltatus                                  ?   0.3--0.5 diam., yellow-brown. Flowers spring--summer.                      sieberi.                       silt.                   lagoons; widespread.                                                                                                              herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                swamps, roadsides, stream
           CYPERACEAE                  Cyperus sanguinolentus                             y                                                                                                                                     banks                                                                                                                             herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Propagation by division or from seed. Favours a wet place,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                River flat and gentle slope in near pool edge and in full sun. Very attractive foliage, which
                                                                                              Small, tufted annual rush with slender light green stems to 10 cm. It                                                             undulating country; moist      seems to maintain itself by seeding. Plants suitable for poorly
           CYPERACEAE                  Isolepis hookeriana                                n   will reproduce itself readily in good conditions.                          Eucalyptus albens and Poa.     Pink sandstone.         areas                          drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                                                                 herb                           Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   r
                                                                                                                                                                     Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                     with sparse understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                     Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                                                                                     Stackhousia monogyna,
                                                                                                                                                                     Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea
                                                                                                                                                                     lanigera. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                     melliodora - E. blakelyi.
                                                                                                                                                                     Eucalyptus polyanthemos -
                                                                                                                                                                     E. macrorhyncha.                                                                                                                                Ridges
                                                                                             Straggly small shrub to 50 cm. Leaves are usually grey-green, linear to Depauperate Eucalyptus            Sandy loam.          Creek bank, W aspect. Open                                                               Slopes
                                                               Hoary Guinea flower, Grey     obovate and 1–3 cm long. Bears yellow flowers, 2–3 cm in diameter, dealbata dry sclerophyll               Red/yellow podsolic. woodland. Dry eucalypt     Propagation from cuttings. Hardy, but requires good drainage. Gullies
           DILLENIACEAE                Hibbertia obtusifolia   Guinea flower             n   seen in spring and summer.                                              forest.                           Sedimentary rock.    woodland.Rocky outcrop.    Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.          Gullies (eroded)                       shrub          Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                     Woodland of Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                     blakelyi and E. macrorhyncha
                                                                                                                                                                     with Callistemon sieberi
                                                                                             Semi-prostrate plant, 20 cm high by 60 cm diameter, tending to root at along creek bank, with                                                                                                                                 Slopes
                                                                                             the nodes. The linear leaves are 3–6 mm long. Yellow flowers, 1–1.5 Lomandra longifolia, Poa                                                                 Propagation from cuttings. An outstanding plant and one of the Valley bottoms &
                                                                                             cm in diameter on long peduncles, cover plant in spring and some        sieberiana and Dianella            Pale grey clay        Rocky slope beside creek, W easiest to grow. Tolerant of all but wet conditions. Frost hardy flatlands
           DILLENIACEAE                Hibbertia pedunculata                             n   flowers are present most of the year.                                   revoluta.                         between rocks.         aspect.                     plants. Plant will trail and spread over rocks.                  Gullies                          shrub          Late            Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                         Eucalyptus blakelyi and E.
                                                                                                                                                                         macrorhyncha woodland with
                                                                                                                                                                         occasional Acacia dealbata;
                                                                                                                                                                         grassy understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                         Themeda triandra, Poa
                                                                                                                                                                         sieberiana and
                                                                                                                                                                         Leptorhynchos squamatus.
                                                                                                                                                                         Eucalyptus melliodora, E.
                                                                                                                                                                         macrorhyncha and E.           Grey-brown clay                                                                                                        Valley bottoms &
                                                                                             Variable shrub, but good forms will make a tight, rounded bush 50 cm        bridgesiana with Pultenaea    between rocks. Pale                             Propagation from cuttings. Generally hardy in most soils and           flatlands
                                                                                             high by 80 cm across. Linear, recurved leaves to 1 cm long. Bears           procumbens and Dillwynia      grey-brown clay.    Top of rise in undulating   aspects. Frost hardy plants. Plant will trail and spread over          Gullies
           DILLENIACEAE                Hibbertia riparia       Erect Guinea Flower       n   yellow flowers, 1.5–2 cm in diameter, in spring and summer.                 phylicoides.                  Granite.            plain, W aspect.Open-forest rocks.                                                                 Gullies (eroded)              shrub          Late            Ogrid
                                                                                             Basal rosette with central stem to 50 cm. Round leaves on a long
                                                                                             petiole spirally arranged on an erect stem. White or pink flowers, to 1.5                                                                                     Propagation from seed or transplants. Allow to dry out slightly
                                                                                             cm diameter, in terminal spray in spring and summer. Underground                                                                 Normally occur in wet places in dormant period. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in
           DROSERACEAE                 Drosera auriculata                                n   tuber. Plant dies back after flowering.                                                                                          where insects are plentiful. dormancy.                                                                                        herb                           Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                       Open woodland dominated
                                                                                                                                                                       by Eucalyptus with sparse
                                                                                                                                                                       understorey of Pultenaea
                                                                                                                                                                       procumbens, Stackhousia
                                                                                                                                                                       monogyna, Dillwynia sericea,
                                                                                                                                                                       Grevillea lanigera. Low open
                                                                                                                                                                       forest with grass-herb
                                                                                                                                                                       understorey, Eucalyptus
                                                                                             Basal rosette with central stem to 50 cm. Round leaves on a long          blakelyi, Craspedia,
                                                                                             petiole spirally arranged on an erect stem. White or pink flowers, to 1.5 Burchardia, Drosera,                                   Gentle slope above creek, W Propagation from seed or transplants. Allow to dry out slightly
                                                                                             cm diameter, in terminal spray in spring and summer. Underground          Stylidium, Cyperaceae,       Loam on granitic          aspect.Gently undulating    in dormant period. Plant will reduce to a bulb or tuber in
           DROSERACEAE                 Drosera peltata         Pale sundew               n   tuber. Plant dies back after flowering.                                   Themeda triandra.            rock. Grey clay loam.     hills. Moist situations     dormancy.                                                                                         herb                           Mgrid
                                                               Native Cranberry,             Mat-forming shrub to 1m wide. Leaves 10mm long x 2mm wide. Bright Open eucalypt forest with a                                                                                                                                    Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Astroloma humifusum     Cranberry Heath           n   red tubular flowers. Edible berries.                                      grassy to heath understory.                                                                                                                            Slopes                        shrub          Late
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Rocky soil. Sand,         Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                             Erect shrub to 1 m high by 50 cm diameter. Short, pointed, elliptical     Stringybark, Eucalyptus      sandy loams, or           aspect; open woodland
                                                                                             leaves to 1.5 cm, grey-green in colour. Tubular white flowers, 5 mm       dealbata, Callitris,         sometimes more            Eucalyptus with open             Propagation from cuttings in late summer. Needs well-drained Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Brachyloma daphnoides   Daphne heath              n   long, appear in spring and summer.                                        Leptospermum.                clayey soils.             understorey                      soil; shade preferred. Frost hardy plants.                   Slopes                          shrub          Late            Mgrid

                                                                                             Densely branched shrub to 1.8 m high; branchlets scabrous. Leaves
                                                                                             oblong-linear, 3.7-8 mm long, 1.4-3.1 mm wide; apex acute, tip
                                                                                             pungent to 1.0 mm long; base truncate; margins entire or minutely
                                                                                             toothed; lamina thin, convex, striate-ribbed on lower surface; petiole to
                                                                                             0.3 mm. Flowers pendent, usually 1-3 plus rudiment in spikes crowded
                                                                                             at end of branches, white; recurved peduncles to 1.5 mm long;
                                                                                             bracteoles 1.2-1.6 mm long. Sepals 2.6-4.6 mm long. Corolla tube 2.6-
                                                                                             4.8 mm long, sparsely pubescent above middle; lobes erect at base,
                                                                                             2.4-3.8 mm long.Fruit obovoid to ellipsoid, 3-5.3 mm long, shallowly                                      Clayey and lateritic                                                                                                   Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Leucopogon fletcheri                              n   ridged, glabrous. Flowers Aug.-Oct.                                                                       soils.                 Grows in woodland.                                                                              Slopes                        shrub          Late            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                       Scattered remains of
                                                                                                                                                                       Eucalyptus macrorhyncha -
                                                                                                                                                                       E. goniocalyx alliance.
                                                                                                                                                                       Eucalyptus blakelyi and E.
                                                                                                                                                                       albens with sparse              Gravelly orange-
                                                                                                                                                                       understorey of Aristida         brown loamy clay on    Gentle slope near top of
                                                                                                                                                                       ramosa and Austrostipa          Wyangala Granite.      steep hillside, W aspect.
                                                                                                                                                                       scabra subsp. falcata.          Sandy and gravelly     Cleared area Ridge top on
                                                                                             Rounded shrub to 50 cm high by 50 cm across. Prickly, linear to           Eucalyptus sideroxylon - E.     soil. Shallow sandy    undulating hills, N              Propagation from cuttings, with difficulty. Very common shrub,
                                                                                             lanceolate leaves to 1.5 cm. Small, profuse, white or pale pink bell-like microcarpa - E. dealbata -      soil derived from      aspect.Open-forest ;dry          not often seen in cultivation. Flowers for a long period. Good Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Lissanthe strigosa      Peach heath               n   flowers to 5 mm long in spring.                                           Callitris.                      granite.               sclerophyll forest.              drainage and some shade preferred. Frost hardy plants.         Slopes                        shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid/Hudson
                                                                                             Erect, stiffly branched shrub, 20-150 cm high, lignotuber present.
                                                                                             Leaves usually spreading to reflexed, 6-25 mm long, 1.6-6.2 mm wide,
                                                                                             glabrous to scabrous, deeply 6-12-ribbed on lower surface; base
                                                                                             sometimes ± sheathing; margins narrow-hyaline, densely toothed;
                                                                                             petiole 0.5-1 mm long. Flowers crowded near branch bases, white,
                                                                                             cream or yellow-green; bracteoles 2.5-3 mm long. Sepals 5-7 mm
                                                                                             long, cream-green, glabrous or hairy. Corolla tube urceolate, 4-5 mm
                                                                                             long; lobes 2-3.5 mm long, with sparse long hairs near apex and           Red Stringybark, Red Box,       Skeletal, sandy or     Grows in dry sclerophyll
                                                                                             throat.Fruit depressed-globose, c. 4 mm long, greenish white or purple- Acacia implexa, Pultenaea         loamy soils;           forest, Callitris woodland and                                                                  Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Melichrus urceolatus    Urn heath                 n   brown. Flowers Mar.-Nov.                                                  foliolosa.                      widespread.            Acacia scrub.                                                                                   Slopes                        shrub          Pioneer?        Hudson
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                         Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              r
                                                                                                                                                                              Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                              macrorhyncha, E.                                                                          They require a well-composted soil that is well drained but not
                                                                                                                                                                              polyanthemos, E. rossii,                                                                  allowed to dry out. Some shade is desirable. Propagation is
                                                                                                                                                                              Acacia implexa, A. pycnantha                                                              difficult and this is possibly the reason they are not more
                                                                                                      Erect shrub to 1 m high by 50 cm across with stiff, pointed, lanceolate with open understorey of                                 Ridge, moderate slope, SW        frequently seen. Cuttings strike with difficulty, as good wood is
                                                                                                      leaves to 3 cm. Tubular flowers, pink with cream tips or green, 3 cm    Callitris, Leptospermum and Duplex soils. Sandy          aspect. Open Eucalyptus          often hard to find. Some success has been reported from           Ridges
           EPACRIDACEAE                Styphelia triflora           Pink Five Corners             n   long, occur in winter and spring.                                       Styphelia.                     soils, loams.             woodlandOpen woodland            seed, but germination may take several weeks.                     Slopes                       shrub          Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus macrorrhyncha,
                                                                                                      Spreading shrub to ca 80 cm high, ± pubescent. Leaves broad-            E. rossii open forest with
                                                                                                      obovate to narrow-oblanceolate, 2-8 mm long, apex obtuse,               Daviesia mimosoides,
                                                                                                      mucronate, truncate or emarginate, margins ± flat, recurved or          Exocarpos, Hibbertia
                                                                                                      revolute, midrib prominent below; ± sessile. Male flowers 2 or 3        obtusifolia, Acacia buxifolia,
                                                                                                      together, female flowers solitary; peduncles to 2 mm long. Perianth     A. melanoxylon, A. gunnii,
                                                                                                      segments ovate, 1.5-2 mm long. Stamens 3, filaments free. Ovary ±       Hovea heterophylla,                                                                                                                                         Ridges
                                                                                                      pubescent; styles deeply bifid. Capsule ca 4 mm diam., ± pubescent; Brachyloma daphnoides,                                       Common in heath and dry                                                                            Slopes
           EUPHORBIACEAE               Phyllanthus hirtellus        Thyme spurge                  n   seeds ca 2 mm long, finely reticulate. Flowers spring to summer.        Tetratheca bauerifolia.        Sedimentary rock.         sclerophyll forest.              Propagation is from cuttings.                                     Gullies                      shrub          Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       widespread, prefers drier
           EUPHORIACEAE                Chamaesyce drummondii        caustic weed                  y                                                                                                                                    sites                                                                                                                           herb                           Associated
                                                                                                      Usually small, wiry shrub, to 1 m high, often hispid on vegetative parts.
                                                                                                      Phyllodes subulate or linear to narrow-elliptic, 10-40 mm long, 0.5-4
                                                                                                      mm wide, apex aristate, acute, base truncate, margins recurved to
                                                                                                      revolute, with scattered minute teeth; midrib prominent on upper
                                                                                                      surface; venation obscure. Racemes reduced to 1 flower; flower stalk                                                             Grows in dry sclerophyll
                                                                                                      1-2 mm long. Calyx 3.5-4.5 mm long including 0.6-1.0 mm receptacle;                                        On sandy soils,       forest or in hummock
                                                                                                      teeth subequal, acuminate. Pod 6-9 mm long excluding beak, 3.5-7                                           usually over          grassland with Triodia in                                                                          Ridges
           FABACEAE                    Daviesia acicularis          Sandplain bitter pea          n   mm wide. Flowers Oct.                                                                                      sandstone.            inland regions; widespread.                                                                        Slopes                       shrub          Pioneer?        Igrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Requires good drainage and full to half sun. They are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reasonably hardy plants but occasionally seem to die quickly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and without warning, possibly due to Phytophthora cinnamomi,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a root rot fungus. Propagation is easy from scarified seed and,   Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                  Eucalyptus and Acacia along                          Sandy or gravelly slopes.        as growth of most species is reasonably fast, seed should be      Slopes
                                                                                                      Erect shrub. Phyllodes to 3cm long x 1-2mm wide., tapers to a               roadside with pasture                                Plain. Sclerophyll               collected and retained for replacements. Very hardy. Frost        Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Daviesia genistifolia        Broom bitter pea              n   pungent point. Pea flowers.                                                 grasses.                    Stony soil.              communities.                     hardy plants.                                                     Gullies (eroded)             shrub          Pioneer?        Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Widespread throughout            Requires good drainage and full to half sun. They are
                                                                                                                                                                             Open forest of E.                                         mountain and tableland           reasonably hardy plants but occasionally seem to die quickly
                                                                                                                                                                             sideroxylon, E.                     Fairly deep soil on   forests. Roadside at summit      and without warning, possibly due to Phytophthora cinnamomi,
                                                                                                                                                                             macrorhyncha, E. rossii and         conglomerate.         of range. Roadside verge. A      a root rot fungus. Propagation is easy from scarified seed and,   Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                             E. mannifera with Acacia            Gravelly red-brown    patch of remnant open            as growth of most species is reasonably fast, seed should be      Slopes
                                                                                                      Open, straggly shrub to 3 m with ovate leaves to 8 cm, dull green with baileyana and Cassinia              clay-loam with        eucalypt woodland. Some          collected and retained for replacements. Very hardy. Plants       Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Daviesia latifolia           Hop bitter pea                n   reticulate venation. Yellow and brown pea-flowers occur in spring.     arcuata.                            quartzite.            trees in pastures.               suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                     Gullies (eroded)             shrub          Pioneer?        Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Requires good drainage and full to half sun. They are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reasonably hardy plants but occasionally seem to die quickly
                                                                                                                                                                                Eucalyptus albens grassy         Acid volcanic         Hill tops and S slopes in hilly and without warning, possibly due to Phytophthora cinnamomi,
                                                                                                                                                                                woodland. Secondary              lithology. Clay loam. country; on rocky slope.        a root rot fungus. Propagation is easy from scarified seed and,
                                                                                                                                                                                grassland. Eucalyptus            Stony. Very shallow Undulating, low rise, road        as growth of most species is reasonably fast, seed should be
                                                                    Slender leaf bitter pea,          Shrub 1-2m tall. Phyllodes rigid, horizontal, narrow-lanceolate to linear bridgesiana, E. rossii with      soil. Sedimentary     cutting. Undulating. NW         collected and retained for replacements. Very hardy. Plants     Ridges
           FABACEAE                    Daviesia leptophylla         Naroow-leaved Bitter Pea n        3-10cm x 1cm wide. Pea flowers.                                           Acacia paradoxa.                 rock.                 aspect.                         suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                   Slopes                          shrub          Pioneer         Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Requires good drainage and full to half sun. They are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        reasonably hardy plants but occasionally seem to die quickly
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and without warning, possibly due to Phytophthora cinnamomi,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        a root rot fungus. Propagation is easy from scarified seed and,
                                                                                                      Open, often pendulous shrub to 2.5 m high by 2 m diameter with                                                                   Widespread in mountain           as growth of most species is reasonably fast, seed should be Ridges
                                                                    Narrow-leaf Bitter Pea,           lanceolate leaves to 10 cm. Sprays of yellow and brown pea-flowers          Eucalyptus rossii, Red         Acidic soils, good    areas, sclerophyll               collected and retained for replacements. Very hardy. Plants     Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Daviesia mimosoides          Leafy Bitter Pea              n   occur in spring.                                                            Stringybark                    drainage.             communities, river valleys       suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                   Gullies                        shrub          Late            Associated


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Dry sandy forests from coast    Good bird habitat. Requires good drainage and full to half sun.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        to rocky mountain.              They are reasonably hardy plants but occasionally seem to die
                                                                                                                                                                                  Eucalyptus sideroxylon, E.                            Mountainous, moderate NW        quickly and without warning, possibly due to Phytophthora
                                                                                                                                                                                  blakelyi, E. dealbata, E.                             mid-slope. In closed-heath      cinnamomi, a root rot fungus. Propagation is easy from
                                                                                                                                                                                  dwyeri, Yellow box, White                             with shrubs and some Poa        scarified seed and, as growth of most species is reasonably
                                                                                                                                                                                  Box, Allocasuarina                                    spp. Dry Sclerophyll Forest     fast, seed should be collected and retained for replacements. Ridges                                                                                Not grazed by
                                       Daviesia ulicifolia subsp.                                     Stiff prickly shrub to 1.5m tall. Stiff long narrow to broad ovate phyllode verticillata, Acacia implexa                          (widespread) prefers dry        Very hardy. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy        Slopes                                                                              stock because of
           FABACEAE                    ruscifolia                   Gorse bitter pea              n   ending in a pungent point.                                                  and A. doratoxylon             Variety of soil types. sandy forests, rocky slopes.    plants.                                                         Gullies                        shrub          Late            Ogrid, Associated     prickly nature.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Common and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            widespread but
                                                                                                      Weak-stemmed twiner. Trifoliolate leaves with almost round leaflets to                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                often overlooked
                                                                                                      2.5 cm. Bears pink pea-flowers for most of the year. Jointed pods to                                       Variety of soil types,                                 Propagation from scarified seed. Not showy, but interesting                                                                                         until seeds/fruit
                                                                                                      2.5 cm long, constricted along one side - a distinguishing feature from                                    prefers more fertile Across coast, slopes and          when grown trailing among other shrubs. Hardy in sheltered                                                                                          develop. Palatable
           FABACEAE                    Desmodium varians            Slender tick-trefoil          n   Glycine species.                                                        Box woodland species               loam.                  plains.                         situations. Frost hardy plants.                                                                herb                           Hudson                to stock.
                                                                                                      To 1m tall. Crowded leaves to 2cm long, narrow, acute tips slightly
           FABACEAE                    Dillwynia cinerascens                                      n   recurved.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        shrub                          Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Box Woodland species,              Duplex and earthy     Rocky road cutting with little
           FABACEAE                    Dillwynia juniperina         Prickly parrot pea            n   Erect prickly shrub 1-2m high. Rigid narrow leaves to 1.5 cm long.      Acacia implexa                     loams                 soil.                            Scarified seed or cuttings                                                                     shrub                          Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                              Box woodland species.
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.
                                                                                                                                                                              melliodora and E.
                                                                                                                                                                              bridgesiana with Pultenaea         Pale grey-brown
                                                                                                      Prostrate to erect shrub to 1.5m high. Hairy stems and spirally twisted procumbens and Dillwynia           clay. Shallow soil on Top of rise in undulating                                                                          Ridges                                                                            Very attractive 1 x
           FABACEAE                    Dillwynia phylicoides        Parrot pea                    n   leaves usually 3-8mm long.                                              sericea.                           sedimentary rock.     plain.Open-forest                Scarified seed or cuttings                                        Slopes                       shrub          Late            Ogrid                 1m.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Propagation from scarified seed. Like Daviesia, they may die
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        very rapidly, probably due to Phytophthora infection. They
                                                                                                                                                                            Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.                                                                 require good drainage, preferably a sandy soil, mulching and
                                                                                                      Very variable rounded, upright or prostrate shrub to 2 m with twisted polyanthemos, E. blakelyi, E.                                                               about half shade. Colourful in flower. Ground covers suitable
                                                                                                      heath-like leaves, 4–12 mm long. Bears red and yellow pea-flowers in albens, Acacia dealbata,       Well drained medium                                           for sloping banks with some trees or shrubs or areas between      Ridges
           FABACEAE                    Dillwynia retorta            Small Leaf Parrot pea         n   profusion in spring.                                                  Brachychiton populneus        to light soil       Heath to dry sclerophyll                  shrubs. Frost hardy plants.                                       Slopes                       shrub          Late            Ogrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                        Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r
                                                                                                                                                                                 Open woodland dominated
                                                                                                                                                                                 by Eucalyptus blakelyi with
                                                                                                                                                                                 open understorey of Callitris,   Loam on granitic
                                                                                                                                                                                 Leptospermum multicaule.         rock. Rocky brown
                                                                                                                                                                                 Sparse understorey of            skeletal soil. Fairly
                                                                                                                                                                                 Pultenaea procumbens,            shallow, somewhat       Exposed heath, woodland   Propagation from scarified seed. Like Daviesia, they may die
                                                                                                                                                                                 Stackhousia monogyna,            gravelly brown clay.                              very rapidly, probably due to Phytophthora infection. They
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          and dry slerophyll forest. W
                                                                                                                                                                                 Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea     Clay loam, with         and SW aspect. Grows alongrequire good drainage, preferably a sandy soil, mulching and    Ridges
           FABACEAE                    Dillwynia sericea         Showy parrot pea                 n   Upright shrub to 1m stiff hairy stems, linear leaves.                      lanigera and G. ramosissima.     granite outcrops.       roadsides.                about half shade.                                               Slopes                                 shrub           Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation from cuttings or scarified seed. The prostrate form
                                                                                                      Two forms exist:                                                                                                                                              is an excellent ground cover or spreading rockery plant for a
                                                                                                       1. Prostrate, spreading plant forming tight mat to 1.5 m diameter with                                                                                       well-drained, sunny position. The upright form is a useful
                                                                                                      heath-like leaves to 5 mm long.                                                                                                                               shrub, again requiring good drainage and full sun. 1. Ground
                                                                                                       2. Much-branched shrub to 1 m high by 1 m diameter. Slightly broader                                                                                         covers suitable for sloping banks or large expanses without
                                                                                                      leaves to 1 cm long.                                                                                                                                          trees or shrubs. Ground covers suitable for sloping banks with
                                                                                                      Flowers of both forms are yellow pea-flowers with red centres and are Grey Box, Yellow Box, White                                                             some trees or shrubs or large areas between shrubs. Frost
                                                                 Eutaxia, Mallee Bush Pea,            profuse in spring.                                                       Pine, Ironbark, Acacia                                Mallee and mugga ironbark hardy plants. Plant will trail and spread over rocks. 2. Frost
           FABACEAE                    Eutaxia microphylla       Common Eutaxia            n                                                                                   hakeoides, A. montana                                 communities and woodland. hardy plants.                                                                                               shrub                           Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Slopes
                                                                                                      Non-vigorous twining plant with trifoliolate leaves with variably shaped                                Grey-brown clay                                                                                                       Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                      leaflets. Sprays of small bluish, rarely pink, pea-flowers occur most of                                loam. Brown clay       Flat. Open forest.Undulating                                                                   flatlands
                                                                                                      the year. Fruits 3cm long x 4mm - not scalloped. Similar to              Box woodland species and       with quartzite pebble. ground. Woodland. Common Propagation from scarified seed. Adds some interest as it             Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Glycine clandestina       Twining glycine                  n   Desmodium varians (2 sp. often confused)                                 peppermints                    Variety.               and widespread.                climbs through other plants.                                    Gullies (eroded)                       twiner          Late            Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                               Woodland of Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               melliodora, E. blakelyi and E.
                                                                                                                                                                               bridgesiana, Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               albens, Bothriochloa
                                                                                                                                                                               decipiens. Native grasses,
                                                                                                                                                                               scattered eucalypts in
                                                                                                                                                                               paddocks nearby. Open
                                                                                                                                                                               woodland dominated by
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus with sparse
                                                                                                                                                                               understorey of Pultenaea                              Mid-slope of broad hillside in
                                                                                                                                                                               procumbens, Stackhousia                               undulating plains. On side of
                                                                                                                                                                               monogyna, Dillwynia sericea,                          road on cutting bordering
                                                                                                                                                                               Grevillea lanigera. Scattered                         open grassland. Growing on                                                                     Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                               eucalypts and Brachychiton                            enclosed roadside bordering                                                                    Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                               populneus. Eucalyptus                                 grazing land. Growing on                                                                       Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                               albens open grassy             Grey-brown clay        roadside near fence                                                                            flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                               woodland with Poa              loam. Sandy loam.      bordering open grazing land. Propagation from scarified seed. Of little ornamental value.      Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Glycine tabacina          Glycine pea                      n   Very similar to Glycine clandestina, varying mainly in leaf structure.   sieberiana.                    Granite.               Open grassland.                Adds some interest as it climbs through other plants.           Gullies (eroded)                       twiner          Late            Mgrid/Prober

                                                                                                                                                                                 White Box, Blakely's Red                                                                 They are not easy to cultivate. They seem to demand perfect
                                                                                                                                                                                 Gum, Tumbledown Gum,                                                                     drainage and reasonably dry conditions with some overhead     Ridges
                                                                                                      Erect shrub to 1m. Leaves 5-20mm long in threes (trifoliate). Pale to      Red Stringybark, Acacia                                                                  shade. Propagation is easy from scarified seed, although seed Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Gompholobium huegelii     Pale wedge pea                   n   bright yellow flowers.                                                     implexa, Drooping She-Oak. Granite and sand.             DSF and heath                   is often difficult to obtain because of insect damage.        Gullies                            shrub           Pioneer?        Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          They are not easy to cultivate. They seem to demand perfect
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Stony soil on                                           drainage and reasonably dry conditions with some overhead
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  sedimentary rock -                                      shade. Propagation is easy from scarified seed, although seed
           FABACEAE                    Gompholobium minus        Dwarf wedge pea                  n                                                                                                               slate and sandstone.                                    is often difficult to obtain because of insect damage.                                           shrub                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                Eucalyptus macrorrhyncha,
                                                                                                                                                                                E. rossii open forest with                                Very widespread in rather
                                                                                                                                                                                Daviesia mimosoides,                                      dry, often rocky and hilly
                                                                                                      A variable plant that may trail or climb or have a more upright shrubby Exocarpos, Hibbertia                                        situations. Well-drained soil
                                                                                                      habit. Only the trailing forms are suitable for ground-cover use. Stems obtusifolia, Acacia buxifolia,                              in sun or semi-shade.           Cultivate from scarified seed or cuttings to preserve clonal
                                                                                                      may spread to 2 m. The narrow-lanceolate leaves are up to 10 cm           A. melanoxylon, A. gunnii,        Well-drained soil.      Eucalyptus woodland with        properties. Grows in well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade.         Ridges
                                                                 False sarsaparilla, Purple           long. The pea-shaped flowers are generally purple, but white, pink and Hovea heterophylla,                  White sandy soil.       thick undergrowth. Dry to       Density of growth can vary. Tablelands collections are frost         Slopes
                                                                 coral-pea, Native                    pale mauve shades are known. They are seen in late winter and             Brachyloma daphnoides,            Orange loamy clay       intermediate sclerohpyll        hardy. Ground cover suitable for sloping banks or large              Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Hardenbergia violacea     Sarsparilla                      n   spring.                                                                   Tetratheca bauerifolia.           over shale.             forest.                         expanses without trees or shrubs.                                    Gullies (eroded)            shrub           Pioneer         Associated
                                                                                                      Straggly little shrub with weak branches from base of plant, often                                                                                                  Propagation from scarified seed. Perfectly drained sandy soil is     Ridges
                                                                                                      tending to lie flat unless supported by other plants. Most leaves are                                       Deep podsolic on                                        essential. Needs full sun or part shade. Plants suitable for         Slopes
                                                                                                      linear to lanceolate, 3–6 cm long. Bears purple pea-flowers in leaf axils Eucalyptus macrorhyncha           granite. Porphyry                                       heavy shade. Frost hardy plants. Plant will trail and spread         Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Hovea linearis            Common Hovea                     n   in early spring.                                                          and E. goniocalyx.                outcrop.                Roadside.                       over rocks.                                                          Gullies (eroded)            shrub           Pioneer?        Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                               Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               albens, E. melliodora and
                                                                                                                                                                               White Pine; with sparse
                                                                                                                                                                               understorey of Pultenaea                                                                   Propagation from scarified seed. Cuttings are also successful
                                                                                                                                                                               procumbens, Stackhousia                                    Creek bank, W aspect. Open      where flower colour needs to be reproduced. It is hardy and
                                                                                                      Open, spreading or erect plant to 2 m high by 2 m across, often          monogyna, Dillwynia sericea,       Sandy loam. Friable,    woodland E aspect.              well shaped when regularly pruned from an early age. It will
                                                                                                      sparsely branched. Leaves are crowded, with small obcordate leaflets, Grevillea lanigera, Acacia            light brown clay-       Disturbed roadside              grow in most soils except those that are very wet and will           Ridges                                                                            Very difficult to
                                                                                                      a flattened mid-rib. Sprays of purple or rarely white pea-flowers appear rubida, Dodonaea viscosa           loam. Shallow           vegetation. amongst rocks at    flower well in shade or sun. Very frost hardy. Plants suitable for   Slopes                                                                            source seeds
           FABACEAE                    Indigofera adesmiifolia   Tick indigo (small leaf)         n   in spring.                                                               and Cassinia quinquefaria.         podsolic on shale.      base of cliff.                  heavy shade. Plants suitable for areas of low maintenance.           Gullies                     shrub           Late            Mgrid                 locally.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Propagation from scarified seed. Cuttings are also successful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          where flower colour needs to be reproduced. Although a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          common shrub in the field, this species is not grown as                                                                                                suspected cattle
                                                                                                      Open, spreading or erect plant to 2 m high by 2 m across, often        Mostly with Eucalyptus                                                                       frequently as it deserves. It will grow in most soils except those                                                                                     poison? palatable
                                                                                                      sparsely branched. Pinnate leaves are bluish-green. Elliptical leafletsmacrorhyncha also with E.                                                                    that are very wet and will flower well in shade or sun. Very frost   Ridges                                                                            to cattle? - not sure
                                                                 Australian indigo, Hill              grow to 2.5 cm. Sprays of purple or rarely white pea-flowers appear in microcarpa, E. melliodora, E.                                woodland and Eucalypt           hardy. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Plants suitable for          Slopes                                                                            which. Will grow in
           FABACEAE                    Indigofera australis      indigo                           n   spring.                                                                blakelyi and peppermints.            Granite and sands.      forest                          areas of low maintenance.                                            Gullies                     shrub           Late            Ogrid                 groups or clusters.
                                       Lespedeza juncea subsp.                                                                                                               Grasses, Calytrix tetragona          Grey-brown sandy-
           FABACEAE                    sericea                   Perennial Lespedeza              y                                                                          and Callistemon sieberi.             silt                    amongst rocks on river bank.                                                                                                     sub-shrub                       Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus ?dalrympleana,                                                                    Propagation from scarified seed. Needs full sun and                  Slopes
                                                                                                      Rounded shrub, 50 cm in diameter, with trifoliolate leaves. The mostly open understorey with                                        Mountainous area, gentle        reasonable drainage. Often short-lived in cultivation, 3–4 years     Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                      linear leaflets are 1–3 cm long. Pea-flowers are normally an unusual   bipinnate Acacia, Daviesia                                   slope in small valley, NE       being the normal life span. Frost hardy plants. Plant will trail     flatlands                                                                         toxic to sheep and
           FABACEAE                    Lotus australis           Australian trefoil               n   pale pink with no tinge of mauve.                                      ulicifolia, grasses, herbs.          Loamy soil.             aspect.                         and spread over rocks.                                               Gullies                     herb            Pioneer?        Ogrid                 cattle
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Propagation from scarified seed. Common in cultivation. Hardy
                                                                                                      Spreading or upright shrub to 1 m high (occasionally taller) with heart-   Acacia implexa, White Box,                                                               in most soils and aspects, provided that they are not too wet.
                                                                                                      shaped leaves to 5 cm. Yellow and red pea-flowers occur in spring. A       Blakely's Red Gum, Red           Well drained to         From heath to rainforest        Some low-growing, spreading forms are known and should be
                                                                                                      form with narrow-ovate leaves is known as P. formosum ssp.                 Stringybark, Red Box,            skeletal soil.          margins. Steep rocky slope.     encouraged. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy             Ridges
           FABACEAE                    Platylobium formosum      Handsome Flat-pea                n   parviflorum but intermediates also occur.                                  Ironbark, peppermints.           Sedimentary rock.       Various.                        plants.                                                              Slopes                      shrub           Late            Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                    Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Deep loam to clay                                                                                                                                                                                                    possibly a
           FABACEAE                    Podolobium alpestre       Alpine shaggy pea            n                                                                                                           loam on basalt.            woodlands                                                                                                                            shrub                          Mgrid                 misidentification
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                             macrorhyncha, E. melliodora,                                                              Propagation from scarified seed. Prostrate form is in cultivation
                                                                                                  Erect or rarely prostrate plant. Upright form rarely exceeds 1 m in        Craspedia, Burchardia,                                  Gently undulating hills. Open     and available commercially. Attractive shrub. Frost hardy            Slopes
                                                                                                  cultivation, often taller in the field. It has an open habit. Leaves are   Drosera, Stylidium,                                     woodland with grass-herb          plants. In cultivation, good drainage is important and a soil rich   Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                  light green, rounded, with a pointed tip, 1.2 cm long. Orange-red pea-     Cyperaceae, Themeda                                     understorey Roadside.steep        in leaf litter is an advantage. Should accept full sun or partial    flatlands
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea cunninghamii    Grey Bush Pea                n   flowers occur in spring.                                                   triandra.                    Skeletal soil.             rocky slope.                      shade.                                                               Gullies                       shrub          Late            Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                             macrorhyncha, E.
                                                                                                                                                                             sideroxylon, E. microcarpa,
                                                                                                                                                                             E. albens, E. polyanthemos,
                                                                                                                                                                             Callitris glaucophylla,      Grey heavy loam.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Grey clay loam. Very
                                                                                                                                                                             Grevillea floribunda, Calytrix                                                                                                                                 Ridges
                                                                                                  Spreading shrub to 2m. Hairy branches covered in crowded small             tetragona, Austrodanthonia   shallow soil;                                                                                                                     Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea foliolosa       Hairy Bush Pea               n   leaves ovate to orbicular to 4mm long also hairy. Prominent stipules.      and Dianella.                sedimentary rock.     Flat.                                                                                                       Gullies                       shrub          Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                E aspect. Disturbed open
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus blakelyi - E.    Gravelly, pale brown woodland.on roadside.                                                                                        Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                             macrorhyncha with some       clay-loam. Shaley     Weedy, heavily cleared                                                                                      Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea laxiflora                                    n                                                                              scattered Acacia sp.         loam.                 woodland                                                                                                    Gullies                       shrub          Late            Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mid-slope on hillside in gently
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.                        undulating hills, E
                                                                                                                                                                             goniocalyx and E.                                  aspect.Open Eucalyptus                 Propagation from scarified seed. Good drainage is important
                                                                                                  Prostrate or erect plant to 1 m high. Leaves are narrow-obovate, 2–9       polyanthemos with Cassinia                         woodland with sparse                   and a soil rich in leaf litter is an advantage. Should accept full
                                                                                                  mm, with a blunt end. Bears yellow and red pea-flowers in upper axils      arcuata and Dillwynia        Red-brown stony       shrubby undergrowth.Open-              sun or partial shade. (Ground covers suitable for sloping
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea microphylla     Spreading bush pea           n   in spring.                                                                 sericea.                     clay.                 forest of                              banks) Frost hardy plants.                                                                         shrub                          Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Gentle slope above creek, W
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Loam on granitic      aspect. Open woodland on
                                                                                                                                                                                                          rock; poor immature rocky slope.Top of gentle
                                                                                                                                                                                                          skeletal soil.        ridge, flat.Open woodland
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus blakelyi with     Sedimentary rock.     Top of high road cutting,
                                                                                                                                                                             sparse understorey of        Rocky brown skeletal above roadside quarries.
                                                                                                                                                                             Pultenaea procumbens,        soil; fairly shallow, Remnant patch;Undulating,
                                                                                                  Low bush, 30 cm high by 1 m across. The small, concave, broadly            Stackhousia monogyna,        somewhat gravelly     low rise, road cutrting.               Propagation from scarified seed. Well-drained soil with some         Ridges
                                                                                                  lanceolate leaves, to 1 cm long, are pointed and slightly hairy. Yellow    Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea brown clay. Clay      Roadside secondary                     shade required. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy         Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea procumbens      Heathy Bush Pea              n   and brown pea-flowers occur in spring.                                     lanigera.                    loam.                 grassland.                             plants. Plant will trail and spread over rocks.                      Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Propagation from scarified seed. Good drainage is important          Ridges
                                                                                                  Low, spreading shrub to 80 cm high by 1 m across. Leaves are linear,                                        Deep yellow podsolic                                     and a soil rich in leaf litter is an advantage. Should accept full   Slopes
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea subspicata      Low Bush Pea                 n   to 1 cm. Bears yellow and red pea-flowers in terminal heads in spring.                                      on sedimentary rock.                                     sun or partial shade. Frost hardy plants.                            Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer?        Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                      Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                  Low shrub to 80 cm high with hairy branches. Leaves are ovate, to 8 polyanthemos,                                                  Flat. Slope down to creek.        Propagation from scarified seed. Very useful rockery plant.
                                                                                                  mm, pointed and hairy. Yellow and brown pea-flowers appear in upper Austrodanthonia and                                            Remnant Eucalyptus                Needs good drainage, full sun or part shade. Not fully tested
           FABACEAE                    Pultenaea subternata                                   n   leaf axils in spring.                                               Dianella.                               Grey heavy loam.       woodland.                         for frost tolerance.                                                                               shrub                          Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                             Peppermints and ribbon                                                                                                                                         flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                             gums, Red Stringybark, Long                                                                                                                                    Gullies
           FABACEAE                    Swainsona galegifolia     Smooth Darling Pea           n   Perennial to 1 m high. Flowers of varying colours.                         Leaf Box                    Free draining soils.                                          Regenerates after fire. Propagate from seed.                         Gullies (eroded)              herb           Pioneer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Gullies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sand dunes, sandy                                                                                                             flatlands
           FABACEAE                    Swainsona phacoides       Dwarf Sainson pea            n                                                                                                               or stony soils.                                                                                                               Gullies (eroded)              herb           Pioneer         Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Heavy soils prone to                                                                                                          flatlands
           FABACEAE                    Swainsona procumbens      Boughton pea                 n                                                                                                               waterlogging.                                                                                                                 Streamsides                   herb           Late            Hudson

           FABACEAE                    Templetonia stenophylla   Leafy templetonia            n   Prostrate pea to 30cm. Leaves narrow-oblong to linear to 6cm long.         White Box, Yellow Box                                   DSF, river banks                  Found only in less disturbed sites.                                                                shrub                          Prober/Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Depauperate DSF; gently
                                                                                                                                                                         Stringybark, Ammobium,                                    undulating hills; low open
                                                                                                                                                                         Craspedia, Burchardia,                                    forest; ridge, moderate slope,                                                                           Slopes
                                                                                                  Rosette of grey-green, obovate leaves to 15 cm long, producing flower Drosera, Bulbine, Ajuga,              Rocky hillside,      SW aspect; open woodland Propagation from seed. Needs full sun, good drainage. Plants                    Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                  stem 20–30 cm long. Bears head of cornflower-blue flowers about 2      Dianella, Callitris,                 sandstone. Grey clay Eucalyptus with open grass- rarely persist longer than three years in cultivation. Frost hardy           flatlands
           GOODENIACEAE                Brunonia australis        Blue Pincushion              n   cm in diameter in spring and summer.                                   Leptospermum.                        loam. Rocky soil.    herb understorey               plants.                                                                   Gullies                       herb           Late            Mgrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                         Eucalyptus dwyeri, E.
                                                                                                  Loose, spreading sub-shrub to 1 m diameter and 40 cm high, often       sideroxylon, Callitris                                      Gentle slope at the base of Propagation from cuttings or by division when suckers are
                                                                                                  suckering. The stalkless leaves are linear to oblong, thickly textured glaucophylla, Acacia spp.,                                  Weddin Mountains, S aspect. present. Needs a well-drained, sunny location. Some suckering
                                                                                                  and hairy on the underside. Bears bright blue flowers on almost        Stypandra glauca,                    Sandy loam on          Open forest: sclerophyll    is apparent in well-established plants. Frost hardy plants.   Slopes
           GOODENIACEAE                Dampiera lanceolata                                    n   leafless stems for a large part of the year.                           Austrostipa.                         sandstone.             forest                                                                                    Gullies                                    shrub          Late            Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus sp. with grass -
                                                                                                                                                                             herb understorey,
                                                                                                                                                                             Ammobium, Craspedia,
                                                                                                                                                                             Burchardia, Drosera, Bulbine,
                                                                                                                                                                             Ajuga, Dianella. Dominated
                                                                                                                                                                             by Eucalyptus with sparse
                                                                                                                                                                             understorey of Pultenaea                                Gently undulating hills. Low      Propagation from cuttings or by division. Suited to most soil        Slopes
                                                                                                  Trailing plant, often rooting at the nodes, with rounded, sometimes        procumbens, Stackhousia       Grey clay loam.           open forest, rock face above      conditions and will accept shade or full sun. Ground covers for      Valley bottoms &
                                       Goodenia hederacea                                         lobed leaves to 1 cm, dark green on top and usually silvery                monogyna, Dillwynia sericea, Loam on granitic           creek, W aspect. Open             small areas between shrubs. Plants suitable for heavy shade.         flatlands
           GOODENIACEAE                subsp. hederacea          Forest or ivy Goodenia       n   underneath. Bears bright yellow flowers in spring and summer.              Grevillea lanigera.           rock.                     woodland.                         Frost hardy plants.                                                  Gullies                       herb           Late            Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Probably the most common
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Goodenia in south-east
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Australia, G. ovata is quick to
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus dwyeri, E.                                     colonise after clearing           Propagation from cuttings. Very hardy, fast growing and free
                                                                                                                                                                           sideroxylon, Callitris                                    operations in wet sclerophyll     flowering. Grows in most soils but some shade preferred.             Slopes
                                                                                                  Shrubby species that may reach 1.5 m high and 60 cm across. Low-         glaucophylla, Acacia spp.,                                forest. It is not uncommon to     (Ground covers for small areas between shrubs. ) Plants              Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                  growing forms are also found. The ovate to elliptical leaves are toothed Stypandra glauca,                  Sandy loam on          see hectares of this plant and    suitable for poorly drained areas. Plants suitable for heavy         flatlands
           GOODENIACEAE                Goodenia ovata            Hop Goodenia                 n   and up to 8 cm long. Bears large yellow flowers in spring and summer. Austrostipa.                          sandstone.             very little else in such areas.   shade. Frost hardy plants.                                           Gullies                       shrub          Late            Ogrid                 Needs moisture.
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                      Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Slopes
                                                                                                    Small herb producing rosettes of variably lobed leaves to 8 cm long.                                                                                                                                                             Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                    Bears yellow flowers on erect, slender peduncles to 8 cm long from                                                                                             Propagation by division. Most conditions satisfactory. Plants     flatlands
           GOODENIACEAE                Goodenia pinnatifida      Scrambled eggs                 n   winter to summer.                                                                                                             variety of communities           suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                     Gullies                       herb           Pioneer?        Prober/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Slopes
                                                                                                    Perennial herb with rosette of softly woolly, narrow-obovate leaves to     Grey Box, Eastern                                                                   Propagation from seed. Needs a well-drained, sunny position. Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                    20 cm long. Slender, branched flowering stems to 50 cm. Yellow             Cottonbush, Yellow Box,                            sclerophyll forest and           Often seeds itself but is not invasive. Frost hardy plants. Plant flatlands
           GOODENIACEAE                Velleia paradoxa          Spur Velleia                   n   flowers appear in spring and summer.                                       White Cypress Pine.                                grassland                        will trail and spread over rocks.                                 Gullies                       herb           Pioneer?        Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ridges                                                                             Probably more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Slopes                                                                             widespread than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Valley bottoms &                                                                   thought. Often
                                                                 Blue storksbill, Blue                                                                                                                                            Roadside near railway line.                                                                        flatlands                                                                          confused with the
                                                                 Heron's Bill, Blue                 Erect to 30cm. Leaves softly hairy. Deeply divided into three main                                                            Open woodland, grassland,                                                                          Gullies                                                                            weed Erodium
           Gullies (eroded)RANIACEAEErodium crinitum             Crowfoot                       n   lobes, 4cm long x 3cm wide.                                                Box woodland species.                              saltbrush                                                                                          Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer         Ogrid                 cicutarium.
                                                                                                                                                                               Box woodland species.
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus albens grassy
                                                                                                                                                                               open woodland with Poa                                                                                                                                Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                               sieberiana, Themeda                                                                                                                                   Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                    Creeping perennial with prostrate to ascending hairs. Leaves 2cm x         triandra, Wahlenbergia, and                                                                                                                           flatlands
           Gullies (eroded)RANIACEAEGeranium retrorsum           Native Cransbill               n   3cm wide, deeply lobed. Flowers pink. Fruit beak-like.                     mixed herbs.                  Variety.             Woodland and grassland.                                                                            Gullies                       herb           Pioneer         Ogrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus albens grassy                           Lower slope, in undulating to                                                                      Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                               open woodland with Poa                             hilly country; Mid-slope, 15                                                                       flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                               sieberiana, Themeda                                degree slope with S aspect in                                                                      Gullies
                                    Geranium solanderi var.      Native geranium, Austral           Creeping perennial with prostrate to ascending hairs. Leaves 2cm x         triandra, Wahlenbergia, and   Young granite.       hilly country; road verge;                                                                         Gullies (eroded)
           Gullies (eroded)RANIACEAEsolanderi                    cranesbill                     n   3cm wide, lobed but not deeply. Flowers pink. Fruit beak-like.             mixed herbs.                  Variety.             woodland and grassland        Tolerates disturbance.                                               Streamsides                   herb           Pioneer         Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Propagation from cuttings or by division. Recommended for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                trial on road batters. It will grow in most soils, in a sunny
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                position. Very hardy but responds to extra water. Will cover         Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                several square metres if conditions are good. Ground covers          Slopes
                                                                                                    Vigorous suckering herb to 30 cm high with grey-green, linear-                                           Rocky slope -        Depauperate dry sclerophyll suitable for sloping banks. Plants suitable for areas of low           Gullies
           HALORAGACEAE                Gonocarpus elatus         Raspwort                       n   lanceolate to ovate leaves to 3 cm. Flowers are insignificant.                                           sandstone.           forest.                       maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                     Gullies (eroded)              shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                             Deep podsolic on
                                                                                                                                                                                                             porphyry. Red/yellow
                                                                                                    Perennial to 25cm. Plant feels coarse and raspy to touch. Leaves           Eucalyptus melliodora - E.    podsolic. Shallow soil                                                                                                  Ridges
                                                                                                    opposite, dark green, sometimes tinged red (especially in winter),         blakelyi woodland. E.         on sedimentary rock.                                                                                                    Slopes
           HALORAGACEAE                Gonocarpus tetragynus     Raspwort                       n   1.5cm long.                                                                polyanthemos.                 Sandstone.             Box woodland.                                                                                    Gullies                       herb           Pioneer?        Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Gullies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Gullies (eroded)
                                                                                                    Perennial to 20cm tall. Variable leaves - narrow and 1mm wideor with                                     Yellow podsolic on                                                                                                      Valley bottoms &
           HALORAGACEAE                Haloragis heterophylla    Raspwort                       n   3 or more lobes each to 1mm wide.                                          Apple Box                     sedimentary rock.    moist areas                      From underground stems?                                           flatlands                     herb           Late            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Creek bed, W aspect. 30 cm       Propagation: cuttings will root if placed in sand under water,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  water over brown soil.           also by division. Hardy aquatic, but good light required. In
                                                                                                    Aquatic or emergent plant with finely divided submerged leaves to 4                                                           Pasture of open woodland.        outside pools, the leaves of some forms redden in late winter     Aquatic
           HALORAGACEAE                Myriophyllum papillosum                                  n   cm long, and narrow, toothed emergent leaves.                                                            Brown soil.          Shallow water or mud             and spring. Frost hardy plants.                                   recommended                   herb                           Mgrid

                                                                                                    Shortly rhizomatous perennial. Culms terete, 55-115 cm long, 1.3-5.5
                                                                                                    mm diam., soft, grey-green, often
                                                                                                    glaucous; culm striations 40-115; pith interrupted. Cataphylls 9-24 cm
                                                                                                    long, ± lax, abaxially yellow-brown, often pink-tinged, to red-brown at
                                                                                                    base, adaxially silvery to golden brown. Inflorescence pseudolateral,
                                                                                                    diffuse, 6-14 cm long; flowers numerous, solitary or occasionally
                                                                                                    loosely clustered; lowest involucral bract 10-40 cm long, longer than
                                                                                                    inflorescence. Tepals straw-brown, with broad hyaline margins; outer
                                                                                                    tepals 1.8-3.0 mm long, longer than or equalling inner tepals. Stamens
                                                                                                    3 (rarely to 6), shorter than outer tepals; anthers 0.4-0.9 mm long.                                                          Widespread in western
                                                                                                    Capsule longer than outer tepals, ellipsoid, broad-acute to obtuse, not                                                       divisions in seasonally or
           JUNCACEAE                   Juncus aridicola          Tussock rush                   n   or scarcely apiculate, golden brown. Flowers spring-summer.                                                                   permanently wet situations                                                                                                       herb                           Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus albens, E.
                                                                                                    Leafless rush with flowering stems to 1 m. Flowers are in a crowded        blakelyi and E. melliodora    Light grey-brown     Creek flat. Wet situations in    Propagation by division. A hardy plant that should be grown in
           JUNCACEAE                   Juncus australis                                         n   cluster.                                                                   with Carex sp.                clay.                grassland and woodland           wet places in full sun. Frost hardy plants.                                                     herb                           Mgrid


                                                                                                    Slender, shortly rhizomatous perennial. Culms terete, 15-45 cm long,
                                                                                                    0.6-1.2 mm diam., hard, grey-green to blue-green; culm striations 10-
                                                                                                    20; pith very finely interrupted. Cataphylls 3-6 cm long, ± tight,
                                                                                                    abaxially straw-brown to dark yellow-brown at base, adaxially silvery to
                                                                                                    golden brown. Inflorescence pseudolateral, head-like or diffuse, 0.7-
                                                                                                    1.5 (occasionally to 3) cm long; flowers numerous, densely clustered;
                                                                                                    lowest involucral bract 2.5-10 cm long, longer than or occasionally
                                                                                                    equalling inflorescence. Tepals straw-brown, often red-tinged, with ±
                                                                                                    broad hyaline margins; outer tepals 1.8-3.0 mm long,
                                                                                                    longer than or equalling inner tepals. Stamens 3 (occasionally to 6),
                                                                                                    shorter than outer tepals; anthers 5-0.8 mm long. Capsule longer than                                                         Occurs in dryish situations in
                                                                                                    or equalling outer tepals, ellipsoid, obtuse, not or scarcely apiculate,                                                      grassy woodland and cleared
           JUNCACEAE                   Juncus filicaulis         Pin rush                       n   golden brown to red-brown near apex. Flowers spring-summer.                                                                   grassland.                                                                                                                       herb                           Hudson

                                                                                                    Strongly rhizomatous perennial. Culms terete, 25-90 cm long, 1.2-3.5
                                                                                                    mm diam., ± hard, yellow-green; culm striations 38-90; pith mostly very
                                                                                                    interrupted. Cataphylls 7-17 cm long, lax, abaxially yellow to dark
                                                                                                    golden brown at base, adaxially silvery to golden brown. Inflorescence
                                                                                                    pseudolateral, diffuse, 3-17 cm long; flowers numerous, loosely to
                                                                                                    densely clustered or solitary; lowest involucral bract 5-30 cm long,
                                                                                                    longer than inflorescence. Tepals straw-brown, occasionally red-
                                                                                                    tinged, with ± broad hyaline or yellowish margins; outer tepals 2.2-3.5
                                                                                                    mm long, longer than inner tepals. Stamens 3 (occasionally to 6),
                                                                                                    shorter than outer tepals; anthers 0.6-1.0 mm long. Capsule shorter                                                           Grows in seasonally and
                                                                                                    than to occasionally longer than outer tepals, ellipsoid, obtuse, not or Typha sp. dominant with                              briefly wet situations; mainly
           JUNCACEAE                   Juncus flavidus                                          n   scarcely apiculate, golden brown. Flowers spring-summer.                 Juncus spp.                     Grey clay loam.      in inland divisions.                                                                                                             herb                           Ogrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                 Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                          Eucalyptus blakelyi with
                                                                                                                                                                          grassy understorey of          Pale-grey clay on
                                                                                                                                                                          Microlaena stipoides,          Silurian volcanics.   Creek flat in undulating
                                                                                                                                                                          Austrodanthonia spp. and       Gravelly reddish      plains. Woodland. Railway       Propagation by division. A hardy plant in wet areas. Needs full
           JUNCACEAE                   Juncus subsecundus                                   n    Leafless stems to 80 cm. Slender plant with branched inflorescence.      some Themeda triandra.         lateritic soil.       bank. Grassland.                sun. Frost hardy plants.                                                                          herb                              Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                          Eucalyptus melliodora, E.
                                                                                                                                                                          blakelyi, E. albens on
                                                                                                                                                                          roadside hilltops with                                                               Propagation transplant, and probably from seed. A hardy plant,
                                                                                                                                                                          Themeda triandra, Acacia                             Gentle, mid-upper W facing      which blends in well at edge of pool. Grows in most soils in full
                                                                                                 Tufted perennial with grass-like leaves. Bears brown flower heads on     decora, Microseris                                   slope Undulating;grassy         sun or part shade. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas.
           JUNCACEAE                   Luzula meridionalis                                  n    stems to 30 cm. Leafy bract subtending clustered inflorescence.          lanceolata, Poa sieberiana.    Young granite.        woodland;                       Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy plants.                                              herb                              Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                          Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                                                                                          Stackhousia monogyna,                                Creek bank, W aspect; open
                                                                                                                                                                          Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea                         woodland; Eucalyptus with                                                                                                                                                                 weed of waste
           LAMIACEAE                   Ajuga australis         Austral Bugle                y    Prostrate to erect herb. Purple flowers in whorls.                       lanigera                       Sandy loam            sparse understorey         Suspected from cuttings. Small groundcover.                                                            herb                              Mgrid                 areas

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Propagation from cuttings or by division. Grows in most soils in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a sunny or shaded position. Plenty of water required. Plant at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               50 cm centres. May be reduced to a rootstock only in dry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               conditions. Ground covers suitable for sloping banks or large
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               expanses without trees or shrubs. Ground covers suitable for
                                                                                                 Vigorous suckering plant with slender stems to 15 cm. The small,         Eucalyptus albens, E.                             Rocky slope Depauperate            sloping banks with some trees or shrubs or large areas
                                                                                                 bluntly toothed leaves are ovate and about 1 cm long. Small, pink,       blakelyi, E. macrorhyncha, E. Amongst granite     drysclerophyll forest. Moist       between shrubs. Plants suitable for poorly drained areas.
                                                                                                 conspicuously lipped flowers are borne in leaf axils in spring and       polyanthemos, Acacia          boulders. Sandstone sheltered areas. Various           Plants suitable for heavy shade. Plants suitable for areas of
           LAMIACEAE                   Scutellaria humilis     Dwarf skullcap               n    summer.                                                                  implexa                       and conglomerate.   habitats                           low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                              herb                              Igrid

                                                                                                 Herb with minute leaves and a slender, erect flowering stem to 15 cm. Eucalyptus albens, Themeda White light yellow           Undulating to flat; damp and Propagation from transplants. Success has been reported from
           LENTIBULARIACEAE            Utricularia dichotoma   Fairy aprons                 n    Bears one or more purple flowers in spring and summer.                triandra, Austrodanthonia etc. clayey soil.             wet habitats                 seed.                                                                                                herb                              Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Propagation from seed. Hardy species that will thrive in most          Slopes
                                                                                                 Erect, slender plant to 60 cm. The linear to narrow-elliptical leaves are                                                     Woodland, forest, margin of soils. Needs full sun or part shade. Suspected of being toxic to        Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                 5–20 mm long and often bluish. Bears open bright blue flowers, 1.5–2 White Pine, Grey Box, White                              swamps. Found on less        stock. Frost hardy plants.                                             flatlands
           LINACEAE                    Linum marginale         Native flax                  n    cm in diameter, on branching stems.                                       Box, Yellow Box                                     disturbed sites.                                                                                    Gullies                       herb              Late            Ogrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rock outcrops -
                                                                                                                                                                                                      porphyry.
                                                                                                                                                                          Long-leaved Box, Dwyer's    Conglomerate and
                                                                                                                                                                          Gum, Tumbledown Gum,        quartzite. Granite       Steep rocky slope; crevices     Propagation from seed. Probably the best known species. Very
                                                               Showy isotoma, Rock               Rounded little plant to 30 cm with light green, lobed leaves to 8 cm.    Red Stringybark, Eucalyptus and sandstone            in rocky cliffs, slopes, rock   floriferous. Needs full sun and well-prepared soil. This species
           LOBELIACEAE                 Isotoma axillaris       Isotome                      n    Blue star-like flowers occur in summer.                                  rossii.                     outcrops.                waterholes                      frequently seeds itself in cultivation.                          Ridges                           herb              Pioneer         Mgrid

                                                                                                 Diminutive creeping plant, rooting at the nodes. The elliptical leaves                                  Deep yellow podsolic                                  Propagation by division. Wet, sunny position required. Plant at
                                                                                                 are often minutely toothed and less than 1 cm long. Star-like blue       River Red Gum, Apple Box,      on sedimentary rock. Well watered. Edge of            30 cm centres. Ideal for poolside plantings. Plants suitable for
           LOBELIACEAE                 Isotoma fluviatilis     Swamp isotoma                n    flowers, about 1 cm in diameter, are seen in spring and summer.          Peppermints.                   Moist sand or mud. streams or seepage areas.          poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                                                         herb                              Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Propagation from cuttings or by division. Very hardy plant for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               wet locations. Spreads rapidly and may become invasive.
                                                                                                 Sprawling or upright suckering plant with leaves in one plane. Leaves                                                                                         Needs full sun or part shade. Plants suitable for poorly drained
                                                                                                 are oblong, 1–3 cm long, with toothed margins. Flowers, 6–9 mm long,                                                                                          areas. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Plants suitable for                                                                                               suspected of being
           LOBELIACEAE                 Pratia concolor         Poison Pratia                n    are white or pinkish.                                                                                   Heavy soils.          moist depressions               areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                     herb                              Hudson                a stock poison

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Lower slope, in undulating to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               hilly country; grassy open
           LORANTHACEAE                Amyema miquelii                                      y                                                                             Eucalyptus albens                                    woodland and mixed herbs                                                                                                          parasitic shrub                   Mgrid
                                                               Small loosestrife, Hyssop                                                                                                                                       Soaks and seepages. Creek
           LYTHRACEAE                  Lythrum hyssopifolia    Loosestrife                  n    Weakly ascending annual. Mauve flowers.                                  River Red Gum, Apple Box.                            banks.                                                                                              Streamsides                   shrub             Pioneer         Hudson
                                                                                                 Prostrate undershrub with trailing stems to 60 cm. Rounded leaves are                                                                                                                                                             Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                 rough with crenate margins, grey-green in colour and 1–3 cm                                                                                                   Propagation from cuttings. Not easy. Needs a well-drained,          flatlands
                                                                                                 diameter. Open yellow flowers, 2–3 cm in diameter, occur sparsely        Box woodland species,                                                                reasonably dry location in full sun for best results. Tolerates     Gullies
           MALVACEAE                   Sida corrugata          Corrugated Sida              n    throughout the year.                                                     especially Grey Box            Clay and sand.                                        disturbance.                                                        Gullies (eroded)              herb              Pioneer?        Hudson
                                                                                                 Straggling shrub to 2 m high and 1.5 m diameter. Phyllodes are                                                                 Woodlands, mallee and          Propagation from scarified seed. Free flowering small shrub
                                                                                                 variable, usually less than 2 cm long; narrow to orbicular. Flowers like                                                       shrublands; dry sclerophyll    prefering a well-drained soil in a sunny position. Frost hardy
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia acinacea         Gold dust Wattle             n    golden balls appear in spring.                                                                          Variety of soil types. forest.                        plants.                                                                                           shrub                             Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Usually on clay or
                                                                                                                                                                                                         sandy loams;
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Gravelly, red-brown
                                                                                                                                                                                                         clay-loam derived
                                                                                                                                                                          Eucalyptus sideroxylon, E.     from slatey
                                                                                                                                                                          microcarpa (also               quartzose siltstone; Woodlands and open
                                                                                                                                                                          understorey), E. woollsiana,   quartzite; Immature country; Open forest;                                                                                                                                                                       unsure whether
                                                                                                                                                                          E. macrorhyncha, A.            soil on sedimentary Undulating rises, low hills, E                                                                                                                                                              original range
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia baileyana        Cootamundra Wattle           y? Description from many books                                                genistifolia.                  rock                   aspect.                                                                                                                          tree/shrub                        Mgrid                 included Harden

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Only suitable as
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         stand-alone tree,
                                                                                                                                                                          Eucalyptus dealbata, E.                                                                                                                                                                                                                        infests woodland.
                                                                                                 Open, erect shrub to 3 m, spreading to 2 m, with elliptical phyllodes to dwyeri and Acacia                                    Woodlands often on rocky        Propagation from scarified seed. Well drained soil in a sunny                                                                                             Can be confused
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia buxifolia        Box-leaf Wattle              n    3 cm. Masses of small golden ball-shaped flowers appear in spring.       doratoxylon                   Often stony soils.     hillsides                       position.                                                                                         shrub                             Ogrid                 with Acacia decora
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sandy soil on
                                                                                                 Erect or spreading shrub, 1-4 m high. Phyllodes straight, 2.5-6 cm                                     limestone; soils       Shrubland and Eucalypt
                                                                                                 long. Flower heads 15-25, golden-yellow. Pods +/- straight and flat.     Eucalyptus dominant, Acacia derived from             woodland; Hills, moderate
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia chalkeri         Chalker's Wattle             n    Flowers usually Nov.-Jan.                                                chalkeri, Bursaria, Lomandra. limestone.             slope;Open woodland             not known in cultivation                                                                          shrub                             Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                          Bursaria lasiophylla, Dillwynia
                                                                                                                                                                          sp., Callistemon sieberi,       Often on stony clay In forests and woodlands
                                                               Dawson's Wattle, Poverty          Shrub to 4m high. 2 longitudinal veins prominent phyllode, marginal      Eucalyptus bridgesiana, E.      soils; beige alluvial most frequently at high
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia dawsonii         Wattle                       n    gland near apex. 4-8 flowers per head.                                   camaldulensis.                  sand amongst rocks. altitudes; on river bank.        Cool areas in open positions.                                                                     shrub                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Propagation from scarified seed. Readily grown but short lived,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               regenerated readily after fire.
                                                                                                 Variable tree, from multi-stemmed shrub-like specimens of 8 m to tall    Eucalyptus radiata subsp.                             Forests and woodlands;         A hardy but unspectacular tree. Most soils and aspects are
                                                                                                 trees of 30 m high, with greyish-green bipinnate leaves. Bears cream     robertsonii, E.dives,                                 Eucalypt forest; disturbed     suitable. Frost hardy plants. Suckers, root disturbance to
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia dealbata         Silver Wattle                n    ball-shaped flowers in spring.                                           E.nortonii                     Variety of soil types. woodland                       increase numbers.                                                                                 tree                              Igrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                   Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation from scarified seed. Useful, hardy screen plant.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Most soils are suitable and it will accept very dry conditions.
                                                                                                  Large, bushy shrub or small tree to 10 m high. Bipinnate leaves are                                      Variety of soil types   Mostly in hilly areas or at      Plants suitable for areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy
                                       Acacia deanei subsp.    Dean's Wattle, Green               dull green. Leaflets are 4–10 mm long. Bears cream ball flowers in                                       including clays and     high altitudes often near        plants. Suitable plant for screening. Suckers, root disturbance
           MIMOSACEAE                  paucijuga               Wattle                         n   summer. New growth yellow.                                                                               sands.                  water courses                    to increase numbers.                                                                            tree/shrub                       Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                            Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                            albens, understorey Aristida   Usually on heavy
                                                                                                                                                                            ramosa, Austrostipa scabra     soils and sandy         In open situations in
                                                                                                                                                                            subsp. falcata,                loams. Gravelly         woodlands and grasslands;
                                                                                                                                                                            Austrodanthonia spp.,          orange-brown loamy      Ridge top on undulating          Propagation from scarified seed. Very showy in flower. Frost
                                                                                                                                                                            Lissanthe strigosa,            clay on Wyangala        hills?, N aspect; Open-forest.   hardy, adaptable species but prefering full sun. Use plants of
                                                                                                  Spreading shrub to 2.5 m by 3 m across with narrow, glaucous              Casuarina sp., Acacia          Granite; slope below    One of the few shrubs in         northern origin for tropics. Plants suitable for areas of low
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia decora           Western silver Wattle          n   phyllodes to 3 cm. Golden-yellow ball flowers appear in spring.           doratoxylon.                   granite outcrop.        grassy woodlands.                maintenance.                                                                                    shrub                            Igrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Widely cultivated. Propagation from scarified seed. A hardy
                                                                                                  Erect, medium-sized tree to 15 m high with a green trunk and dark                                                                                                 tree in most situations. Very fast growing but short-lived as a
                                                                                                  green, bipinnate leaves. Very fine leaflets. Bears golden ball-shaped                                                            DSF and woodland, river          result of borer attack which results in sticky sap. Frost hardy
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia decurrens        Black Wattle                   n   flowers in spring.                                                                                                               banks and rises                  plants. Suitable plant for screening.                                                           tree                             Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation from scarified seed. Useful, hardy screen plant.
                                                                                                  Erect or spreading tree or shrub to 6 m high, Phyllodes subfalcate to                                                                                             Plants suitable for areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy
                                                                                                  15 cm long. Flower heads 15-35-flowered, golden-yellow. Pods +/-                                                                                                  plants. Suitable plant for screening. Suckers, root disturbance
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia difformis        Drooping Wattle                n   curved. Flowers summer.                                                   Eucalyptus microcarpa          Sand.                   DSF, woodland, mallee            to increase numbers.                                                                            tree/shrub                       Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation by scarified seed and cuttings, fast growing.
                                                                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus dealbata, E.            Rocky ridges and                                         Needs a well-drained, dry position. Good screen plant in its
                                                               Lancewood, Currawang,              Rounded shrub to 6 m or occasionally an erect small tree. Long,       dwyeri and Black Pine              sand, well drained                                       rounded shrub form. Frost hardy plants. Suitable plant for
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia doratoxylon      Spearwood                      n   narrow phyllodes to 15 cm. Bears yellow rod-shaped flowers in spring. (?species)                         dry sites.              Eucalypt/Callitris woodland      screening.                                                                                      tree/shrub                       Associated

                                                                                                  Small, erect shrub to 1 m or slightly more. Phyllodes narrow, about 2                                                                                        Propagation from scarified seed. Glaucous-leaved form is
                                                                                                  cm long, sometimes glaucous. Bears small yellow ball flowers in late                                                                                         most desirable. Well-drained, dry position is most suitable.
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia flexifolia       Bent leaf Wattle               n   winter.                                                                   Eucalyptus microcarpa          Sandy loams             DSF, woodland, mallee       Plants suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                                        shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Often in stony clay.                                Propagation from scarified seed. Frost hardy species, which
                                                                                                  Spreading shrub to 2 m by 2 m with rigid needle-like phyllodes, dark      Eucalyptus sideroxylon and     Gravelly, red-brown     Open Eucalypt woodland and flowers in the off-season. Plants suitable for areas of low
                                                               Early Wattle, Spreading            green and varying in length from 2 to 5 cm. Bears large ball-shaped       E. microcarpa (also            clay-loam with          heath; open forest; remnant maintenance. Adaptable suitable for a variety of situations,
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia genistifolia     Wattle, Wild Irishman          n   cream-coloured flowers in winter and early spring. Flowers stink.         understorey), A. baileyana     quartzite.              open eucalypt woodland.     generally requires well-drained soils.                                                               shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Woodlands often on ridges,
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Stony sites. Clay       and in deep loose sand in
                                                                                                  Stiff, woody shrub to 40 cm. Dark green phyllodes, to 1.5 cm long, are    Eucalyptus, Callitris,         loam with granite       mallee; open woodland; Dry Propagation from scarified seed. Needs a well-drained position
                                                                                                  triangular and pungent-pointed. Cream-coloured globular flowers           Leptospermum multicaule,       outcrops, stony,        sclerophyll forest on low   in sun or part shade. May spread to 60 cm in cultivation. Frost
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia gunnii           Ploughshare Wattle             n   appear in spring.                                                         Grevillea ramosissima.         rough terrain; sand.    ridge, flat, SW aspect.     hardy plants.                                                                                        shrub                            Mgrid
                                                                                                  Rounded shrub to 3 m high, sometimes taller, with oblanceolate
                                                               Hakea wattle, Western              phyllodes to 12 cm. Bears yellow ball flowers in axillary sprays in       Grey Box, Yellow Box, White
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia hakeoides        Black Wattle                   n   winter and spring.                                                        Pine                        Variety of soil types. woodland and mallee                  Propagation from scarified seed. Frost hardy species.                                           shrub                            Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Vigorous growing, may be subject to borer and gall attack.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation from scarified seed. A very hardy species suitable
                                                                                                  Small to medium-sized tree to 12 m high, often suckering, with light                                     Variety of soil types;                                   for bank planting, due to its suckering habit. This may be
                                                                                                  green sickle-shaped phyllodes to 20 cm. Bears cream ball-shaped                                          among granite                                            accelerated if roots are damaged. Needs full sun. Plants
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia implexa          Lightwood, Hickory Wattle n        flowers in summer.                                                        Yellow Box, Stringybark        outcrop.               Forests and woodlands             suitable for areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                      tree                             Igrid/Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Propagation from scarified seed. Good off-season flowerer.
                                                                                                  Erect shrub or small tree to 6 m or more high by 3 m across with                                                                                                  Suited to most soils, needs a sunny position for best flowering
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia leucoclada       Northern silver Wattle         n   glaucous, pinnate leaves. Bears yellow ball-shaped flowers in winter. Yellow Box                         Sandy loams             sclerophyll communities          and is fast growing. It tends to sucker. Frost hardy plants.                                    tree                             Hudson
                                                                                                  Erect or spreading shrub, to 2 m high.Bark smooth, grey. Phyllodes to
                                                                                                  2 cm long, margins thickened. Flower heads 10-18, golden-yellow.                                         Sandy red earths        Eucalypt woodlands, mallee,
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia lineata          Streaked Wattle                n   Pods strongly curved or twisted. Flowers Aug.-Oct.                    Grey Box, Yellow Box               and gravelly loams.     and shrublands              Adaptable small shrub suitable for cultivation.                                                      shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Propagation from scarified seed. Very hardy, fast-growing tree                                                                                              Commonly grown
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               in most situations. Often short-lived due to borer attack,                                                                                                  overseas. Has
                                                               Late black Wattle, Black           Medium-sized tree to 10 m with dark green, bipinnate leaves and fine                                     Red brown sandy                                     exudes a lot of sap as a result. Frost hardy plants. Suitable                                                                                               become a weed in
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia mearnsii         Wattle                         n   leaflets. Cream ball-shaped flowers occur in spring.                      Yellow Box                     loam                    Woodlands                   plant for screening.                                                                                 tree                             Hudson                South Africa.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Steep slope close to water's Propagation from scarified seed. A hardy shade or shelter tree. Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                  Variable tree reaching 30 m in deep gullies. Phyllodes are lanceolate,                                                           edge; 4 miles above the wall. Most situations are suitable. Good timber tree. Flowers are not flatlands                                                                                 Has become a
                                                               Blackwood, Hickory                 to 14 cm. Cream ball-shaped flowers occur in spring and other             Eucalyptus robertsonii, E.                             Railway bank.Grassland.       obvious. Very prone to borer attack, may die in 5 years. Frost Gullies                                                                                    weed in South
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia melanoxylon      Wattle                         n   periods.                                                                  mannifera, E. rubida           Deep soils              Wet sclerophyll forest        hardy plants. Suitable plant for screening.                     Gullies (eroded)                   shrub/tree       Pioneer Nurse Ogrid                   Africa.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   In dry Eucalypt woodlands,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   open understorey; usually in
                                                                                                                                                                            Grows in dry sclerophyll                               stony hilly country; ridge,
                                                                                                  Spreading or erect shrub, 2-3 m high. Bark smooth to finely fissured.     forest, generally on                                   moderate slope, SW aspect;
                                                                                                  Leaves with rachis 3-8 cm long. Flower heads 20-40, golden yellow.        sandstone, often on ridges.                            top of rise in undulating plain;
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia mollifolia       Hairy silver Wattle            n   Pods +/-straight, flat. Flowers Feb.-May.                                 Callitris, Leptospermum.       Rocky soil.             open forest and woodland         Slow growing.                                                                                   shrub                            Mgrid
                                                                                                  Erect or spreading tree or shrub to 6 m high. Bark finely fissured.
                                                                                                  Phyllodes straight to falcate, 3-8 cm long. Flower heads with 5-16-                                      Heavy to moderate
                                                                                                  flowered, golden to pale yellow. Pods strongly curved or twisted,         Boree, Yellow Box, Grey        clays, sand and         Widespread in various
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia oswaldii         Umbrella Wattle, Miljee        n   sometimes woody. Flowers Oct.-Dec.                                        Box, Bulloak.                  loams                   habitats and communites.         Propagation by scarified seeds.                                                                 tree/shrub                       Hudson

                                                               Kangaroo Thorn, Hedge              Erect or spreading shrub to 4m. Thorns between small dark green                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      can become a pest
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia paradoxa         Acacia                         y   phyllodes.                                                                                               variety                 widespread                       Propagation by scarified seed & cuttings, fast growing                                          shrub                            Associated/Hudson in neglected areas

                                                                                                                                                                            Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.
                                                                                                                                                                            melliodora, E. bridgesiana,                            In Eucalypt forests and
                                                                                                                                                                            Pultenaea procumbens,        Variety of soil types;    woodlands; top of rise in     Adaptable, suitable in a variety of situations. Frost hardy
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia parramattensis   Sydney green Wattle            n   Very similar to Acacia mearnsii but flowers in summer.                    Dillwynia sericea.           pale grey-brown clay.     undulating plain; open-forest plants. Suitable plant for screening and bird habitats.                                            tree                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rich alluvial, clays or
                                                                                                  Usually erect tree to 10 m with pendulous branches, occasionally          Red River Gum, Grey Box,     black soils with          Major river/creek floodplains. Propagation from scarified seed. Handsome foliage plant for
                                                                                                  spreading, with narrow grey phyllodes to 8 cm. Yellow ball-shaped         Yellow Box, Bull Oak, Acacia adequate ground           Can dominate heavy clay        dry areas. Needs full sun. Frost tolerance not fully tested but it
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia pendula          Weeping myall, Boree           n   flowers appear in spring.                                                 stenophylla.                 water                     soils.                         copes. Often defoliated by processionary caterpillars.                                            tree                             Ogrid/Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                            In moist or dry eucalypt forest
                                                                                                  Erect or spreading tree, 2-8 high. Bark finely to deeply fissured.        and woodland, widespread.                              Top of low ridge; flat; SW
                                                                                                  Phyllodes straight or subfalcate, 4-15 cm long. Flower heads 15-30-       Eucalyptus, Callitris,                                 aspect; open woodland.
                                                                                                  flowered, pale yellow to white. Pods +/- straight and flat. Flowers any   Leptospermum multicaule,        Clay loam, with        moist & dry sclerophyll forest                                                                                                                                                          good for
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia penninervis      Mountain hickory               n   time of year.                                                             Grevillea ramosissima.          granite outcrops.      & woodland                     Propagation by seed.                                                                              tree/shrub                       Mgrid/Associated      windbreaks
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                               Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         r
                                                                                                                                                                        Apple Box, Red Box,                                      Eucalypt woodlands and
                                                                                                                                                                        Broadleaf Peppermint,                                    mallee; gentle slope; dry      Fast growing suitable for a variety of soils and situations.
                                                                                               Large, erect shrub, sometimes reaching tree proportions. Falcate         Stringybark, Longleaf Box,                               sclerophyll forest; woodland   Propagation from scarified seed. Has been used successfully
                                                               Red-leaf Wattle, Red-           phyllodes to 10 cm. Pinnate leaves often seen dotted over the shrub.     Yellow Box, Blackwood,                                   with low shrub-grass           for hydroseeding road batters. Plants suitable for areas of low
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia rubida           stemmed wattle              n   Yellow flowers in spring.                                                Silver Wattle                     Variety of soil types. understorey                    maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                                  tree/shrub                       Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                        Apple Box, Red Box,
                                                                                                                                                                        Broadleaf Peppermint,                                   Near swamps and water
                                                                                                                                                                        Stringybark, Longleaf Box,                              courses; dry rocky situations
                                                                                               Very stiff, upright shrub to 2 m. Pointed dark green phyllodes to 3 cm.  Yellow Box, Blackwood,                                  in mountainous areas; steep Propagation from scarified seed. Plants suitable for areas of
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia siculiformis     Dagger Wattle               n   Bears cream ball flowers in spring.                                      Silver Wattle                                           slope                         low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                                shrub                            Ogrid
                                                                                               Erect or spreading shrub, 2-3 m high. Bark smooth, grey. Phyllodes +/-
                                                                                               straight 3.5-5 cm long. Flower heads 12-20-flowered, golden-yellow.     Usually in mallee on red                                                                 Propagation from scarified seed. Plants suitable for areas of
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia trineura         Three-veined Wattle         n   Pods +/- straight and flat. Flowers Aug.-Oct.                           earths.                            Red earths.           mallee                          low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                              shrub                            Hudson

                                                                                               Straggly shrub to 3 m with pendulous branches. Grey-green phyllodes                                        Frequently on sandy                                   Propagation from scarified seed. Easily cultivated in light soil
                                                                                               are ovate with undulate margins. Flowers are in golden-yellow balls                                        loams derived from Open Eucalypt forests and          and sandy position. Recommended for its long flowering
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia uncinata         Round-leaf Wattle           n   and occur over a long period of the year.                                                                  sandstone.          woodlands                         period. Frost hardy plants.                                                                       shrub                            Igrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Creek bank, W aspect; rocky
                                                                                               Variable shrub to 4 m, generally erect and sparsely branched. Young Yellow Box, Stringybark,                                   sandstone hillside; open
                                                                                               growth shiny, from which is derived the common name. Phyllodes are Blakely's Red Gum, White                Sandy loam; shallow woodland; forests;                Propagation from scarified seed. Plants suitable for areas of
           MIMOSACEAE                  Acacia verniciflua      Varnish Wattle              n   elliptical, to 12 cm. Yellow balls of flowers occur in spring.      Pine                                   soil on rhyolite.   depauperate DSF                   low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.                                                              tree/shrub                       Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Propagation From cuttings. Hardy in well-drained, relatively dry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                situation. Plant at 50 cm centres. Slightly frost tender. Ground
                                                                                               Prostrate trailing plant, spreading to 50 cm. Dark green, lanceolate                                                                                             covers suitable for sloping banks or large expanses without  Slopes
                                                                                               leaves to 7 cm long. Small, white or blue star-shaped flowers about 7                                                                                                                                                         Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                trees or shrubs. Ground covers suitable for sloping banks with
                                                                                               mm in diameter. Attractive, variably coloured fruits, red, purple or     White Cypress Pine, Bulloak,                            Box and white cypress pine                                                                   flatlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                some trees or shrubs or large areas between shrubs. Plant will
           MYOPORACEAE                 Eremophila debilis      Amulla                      n   green, 1 cm in diameter.                                                 Grey Box                                                communities                     trail and spread over rocks.                                 Gullies                              shrub            Late            Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Propagation from cuttings. Difficult to propagate from seed -  Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              inhibitor present. Stem cuttings slow to root. Best to disturb Valley bottoms &
                                                                                               Rounded shrub to 5 m by 4 m, often producing suckers. Broad-linear,                                                                                            ground to promote root suckering then transplant root suckers. flatlands
                                                               Longleaf Emu-bush,              pendulous leaves to 18 cm. Flowers are pinkish and occur in winter       Grey Box, White Cypress                                                               Tendency to sucker increases its value as a screen.            Gullies
           MYOPORACEAE                 Eremophila longifolia   Berrigan, Emu-bush          n   and spring.                                                              Pine                              Various.              Various.                      Handsome foliage and good screen plant. Frost hardy plants. Gullies (eroded)                        shrub            Pioneer?        Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Slopes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Valley bottoms &
                                                                                               Small tree to 8 m. Fissured bark, narrow leaves to 14cm long. Flowers                             Loams to skeletal                                                                                                           flatlands
           MYOPORACEAE                 Myoporum montanum       Boobialla, Waterbush        n   white with purple spots. Fleshy purple fruit.                         White Cypress Pine          soils.                         Woodlands to rocky hillsides. Drought tolerant. From seed or cuttings.                       Gullies                              shrub            Pioneer?
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Alluvial sand. Brown
                                                                                                                                                                                                 silt and sand
                                                                                                                                                                                                 amongst rocks.
                                                                                               Generally a pendulous shrub to 3 m high by 2 m diameter with narrow, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. Stony brown clay.              River bank; Woodland of
                                                                                               almost linear, grey-green leaves to 6 cm. Small tree forms are found. blakelyi, E. bridgesiana,   Light grey-brown               Creek Bank, deep soil, very
                                                                                               Flower spikes are variable from 5 to 8 cm long by 3 cm diameter. They Casuarina cunninghamiana, sandy clay. Dark                 close to water; Creek bank   Propagation from seed or cuttings. Pendulous forms with                Gullies
                                                                                               are normally cream but pale pink forms do occur. Flowers may be       Acacia dealbata, Lomandra brown, muddy silt on             between undulating plain, W silvery-grey foliage are favoured. Plants suitable for poorly           Gullies (eroded)
           MYRTACEAE                   Callistemon sieberi     River bottlebrush           n   seen from late spring to autumn.                                      longifolia                  creek bank.                    aspect; fringing river/creek drained areas. Frost hardy plants. Plant may attract birds.            Streamsides                   tree/shrub       Pioneer?        Igrid

                                                                                                                                                                     Eucalyptus dealbata, Acacia
                                                                                                                                                                     hakeoides, Grey Box, Acacia
                                                                                               Very variable plant, from low, spreading shrub to 30 cm to upright    rubida, Dodonaea viscosa.            Gravelly, reddish
                                                                                               shrub 2 m high and 1.5 m across. Bright green, sometimes hairy heath- Callitris as co-dominant             clay-loam. Clay loam
                                                                                               like leaves to 1.5 cm long. Star-like flowers, to 2 cm diameter, vary species; sparse understorey,         with granite outcrops. On riverbank. Rocky knoll, N Propagation from cuttings or fresh seed. Require well-drained
                                                                                               from white to deep pink and are followed by reddish calyces. Flowers Chielanthes sp. and                   Skeletal and sandy aspect. Open Eucalyptus          sandy soils in nearly full sun. Very useful shrub. Paler forms        Ridges                                                                               Attractive flowers
           MYRTACEAE                   Calytrix tetragona      Common Fringe Myrtle        n   are seen mainly in spring.                                            Stypandra glauca common.             soils.                 woodland.                    are more vigorous. Frost hardy plants.                                Slopes                        shrub            Late            Mgrid                 and fruits.

                                                                                                                                                                      Eucalyptus microcarpa, E.
                                                                                                                                                                      pilligaensis, E. conica, E.
                                                                                                                                                                      mellidora, E. sideroxylon,
                                                                                                                                                                      E.crebra, E. blakelyi, Callitris
                                                                                                                                                                      endlicheri, C.glauca,
                                                                                                                                                                      Casuarina ssp., Angophora
                                                                                                                                                                      floribunda, Acacia ssp.,
                                                                                                                                                                      Brachychiton populneus.
                                                                                                                                                                      Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                      melliodora, E. macrorhyncha
                                                                                                                                                                      association, Callitris sp.
                                                                                                                                                                      Large patch of E. albens in                               gentle slopes and plains,
                                                                                                                                                                      paddock. Open Eucalyptus                                  broad shallow valleys,
                                                                                               Tree to 25m tall. Foliage silvery-grey with grey box type bark (thus   woodland with Callitris as co-                            occasionally on lower slopes
                                                                                               often confused with grey box). Leave 15cm x 4 cm wide. Juvenile        dominant species; sparse                                  of hills and mountains. Rocky                                                                                                                                                            Becoming rare with
                                                                                               leaves ovate or rounded. Buds up to 1.5cm long, tapered at both ends. understorey, Cheilanthes sp. Clay loam, granite            knoll, N aspect.granite                                                                                                                                                                  only 0.05% of its
                                                                                               Fruits long, cylindrical. Buds, branches and leaves covered in whitish and Stypandra glauca             boulders. On grey,       outcrops. Topography                                                                                Valley bottoms &                                                                     original distribution
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus albens       White box                   n   film (glaucous).                                                       common.                          quartz soils.            undulating.W aspect;                                                                                flatlands                     tree                             Igrid/Hudson          still standing.

                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus melliodora, E.
                                                                                                                                                                           sideroxylon, E. nortonii, E.
                                                                                                                                                                           macrorhyncha, E. rossii, E.
                                                                                                                                                                           albens, E. bridgesiana, E.
                                                                                                                                                                           goniocalyx, Callitris
                                                                                                                                                                           glaucophylla open woodlands                          Creek bank, W aspect.In
                                                                                                                                                                           with sparse understorey of                           gravelly, rocky depression
                                                                                                                                                                           Cheilanthes sp., Stypandra                           near small stream.On
                                                                                               Tree to c. 20 m tall. Patchy white bark with red to grey patches. Shed glauca, Pultenaea                   Clay loam with        hillside.Rainfall approx. 24
                                                                                               in large flakes. Buds in clusters of seven. Can be difficult to distinguish procumbens, Stackhousia        granite outcrops.     ins; undulating topography;
                                                                                               from Eucalyptus dealbata and E. dwyeri. Hybridisation with other            monogyna, Dillwynia sericea,   Yellow clay and grit, aspect: 200 degs;slope:      prefers more compact loams of moderately good quality which Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus blakelyi     Blakely's red gum           n   species occurs.                                                             Grevillea lanigera.            granite. Sandy loam. level; Rocky knoll, N aspect. do not dry out in the summer, but will grow in poorer soils. flatlands                               tree                             Igrid/Hudson
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                      Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A typically riverine species,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        occurs in open forest or
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus largiflorens, E.                              woodland formations on
                                                                                                                                                                               microcarpa, E. melliodora, E.                            floodplains.At edge of
                                                                                                                                                                               polyanthemos and E. albens.                              marshy area at base of small
                                                                                                                                                                               Pasture of open woodland                                 hill.Gentle slope above
                                                                                                    Tree to 20m with fibrous flaky bark. A "heavy" crown of green semi-        with understorey of Viola                                creek, W aspect.In                                                                                  Ridges
                                                                   Moonbi apple box, Apple-         glossy leaves. Leave to 24cm long. Fruit in clusters. Juvenile leaves      betonicifolia, Stackhousia                               hills;Roadside remnant        Grows under a wide range of climatic conditions, in typically         Slopes
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus bridgesiana      box                          n   heart-shaped.                                                              monogyna.                     Brown loam.                woodland in pastoral country. sandy alluvial soils                                                  Streamsides                   tree                              Igrid/Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        on river bank.Creek flat in
                                                                                                                                                                         Acacia rubida, Callistemon              Beige silty alluvium   undulating plain. Banks of
                                                                                                    Large, spreading tree to 30 m. Bark is generally smooth, often with  sieberi and Dodonaea                    and sand. Pale grey    creek. Fringing creek bed.On
                                                                                                    brown or reddish markings. Accepts wet conditions. Very fast growing viscosa. Open-forest of                 heavy clay. Deep       creek flat.Small alluvial flat From seed. Reproduce/regenerate after a flood event. Plants                                                                                                Not so good in dry
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus camaldulensis    River red gum                n   in tropical areas.                                                   Eucalyptus camaldulensis.               soil.                  with creek; hills to the E.    suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.               Streamsides                   tree                              Ogrid/Hudson          areas.
                                                                                                                                                                         Acacia melanoxylon,
                                                                                                                                                                         Eucalyptus bridgesiana, E.
                                       Eucalyptus camphora         Mountain swamp gum,              Tree to 20m high. Smooth bark shedding in ribbons. Adult leaves      blakelyi, E. rubida, E. dives,          Moist to wet heavy     Open swampy flats and         From seed. Reproduce/regenerate after a flood event. Plants
           MYRTACEAE                   subsp. humeana              Swamp Gum                    n   round, have a strong camphor smell.                                  E. robertsonii                          soils.                 creeklines.                   suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.                Streamsides                   tree/mallee                       Ogrid

                                                                                                    Tree to 15m tall. Bark rough and persistent on trunk and larger            Associates Eucalyptus rossii,
                                                                                                    branches. Tree usually mature in the juvenile leaf phase. Leaves           E. melliodora, E.                                                                                                                                            Slopes
                                       Eucalyptus cinerea Benth.                                    glaucous. Juvenile leaves orbicular to cordate, sessile. Buds in threes,   macrorhyncha, E. blakelyi, E. Shallow, relatively        Grassy or sclerophyll                                                                               Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   subsp. cinerea              Argyle apple                 y   glaucous.                                                                  mannifera, E. goniocalyx.     infertile soil.            woodland.                     From seed.                                                            flatlands                     tree                              Ogrid
                                                                                                    Tree to 20 m tall. Bark box-type, grey or grey-brown, smooth bark
                                                                                                    whitish. Adult leaves narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, 5.5-14 cm long,
                                                                                                    1-2.5 cm wide, dull, green to blue-green, Inflorescences generally
                                                                                                    terminal panicles, 7-flowered. Fruits obconical, which is a                                                                                                                                                                             Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus conica           Fuzzy box                    n   distinguishing feature.                                                                                      On plain near river.                                                                                                       flatlands                     tree                              Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Similar to
                                                                                                    Tree to 20m tall. Bark smooth throughout or partly rough. Adult leaves                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus
                                                                                                    lanceolate to ovate, 5.5-14cm long, 1-4 cm wide, blue-green to blue-                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          blakelyi, has a
                                                                                                    grey or glaucous. Inflorescences axillary, 7-?11-flowered; buds                                                                                                                                                                         Ridges                                                                                poorer/ straggly
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus dealbata         Tumbledown red gum           n   pedicellate, diamond-shaped to ovoid. Fruit hemispherical.                                                   In swamp.                                                                                                                  Slopes                        tree                              Mgrid/Hudson          habitat.
                                                                                                                                                                               Codominant with Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               polyanthemos, E. mannifera,
                                                                                                                                                                               E. rossii, E. rubida, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               radiata, E. sieberi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               dalrympleana, E.
                                                                                                    Medium-sized, spreading tree with fibrous bark. Good shade tree.           macrorhyncha, Angophora     Over yellow gritty           Usually in open forest or     Commonly found on rather poor, shallow and stony soils of
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus dives            Broad-leaved peppermint      n   Grows on most soils and is frost hardy.                                    floribunda.                 clay; on granite.            woodland formation            relative low fertility. Frost hardy plants.                           Ridges                        tree                              Ogrid
                                                                                                    Tree to 10 m tall, or mallee to 6 m tall. Bark smooth throughout, white                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Similar to
                                                                                                    or cream with grey, orange or brown patches, sometimes powdery.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus blakelyi
                                                                                                    Adult leaves, lanceolate to falcate, 7-15 cm long, 1-2.7 cm wide.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and E. dealbata but
                                                                                                    Inflorescences axillary, 7-flowered; buds sessile or pedicellate, ovoid                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   can take on an
                                                                                                    to diamond-shaped. Fruit cup-shaped, cylindrical, obconical,                                                 Shallow soil,                                                                                                              Ridges                                                                            almost mallee
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus dwyeri           Dwyer's Red Gum              n   campanulate or hemispherical.                                                                                siliceous ridges.      shrubland                                                                                           Slopes                        tree/mallee                       Associated/Hudson habit.


                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus obliqua, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               bridgesiana, E. viminalis, E.                            Found in mountainous areas
                                                                                                                                                                               maidenii, E. nitens, E. radiata   Deep soil derived      of tall open forest. Rocky
                                                                                                                                                                               subsp. radiata, E. sieberi, E.    from granite. Sandy    Hills.On hills, Gentle slope,
                                                                                                                                                                               sideroxlyon, E. melliodora, E.    soil amongst granite   NE aspect.adjacent to
                                                                                                    Tree to 16m tall. Leaves to 24cm and tapering. Fruit wine barrel           macrorhyncha. Eucalyptus          boulders. Shallow      cleared land. Steep slope.
                                                                   Tenterfield woollybutt, Long     shaped with fine ridges giving an almost 'square' appearance on a          albens, E. goniocalyx,            stony soil on          Open forest with grassy       Grows in a wide range of soils and will tolerate poor sands if        Ridges
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus goniocalyx       leaf Box                     n   flattened peduncle.                                                        Callitris endlicheri woodland.    sandstone.             understorey.                  there is clay underneath.                                             Slopes                        tree                              Igrid/Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus mannifera, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               rossi, E. blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                               polyanthemos, E. goniocalyx,
                                                                                                                                                                               E. dives, Callitris endlicheri,
                                                                                                                                                                               Casuarina stricta. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               nortonii with E. rubida on the
                                                                                                    Medium-sized tree to 20 m with stringy bark. Often spreading. Very         ridges. Eucalyptus                Shallow poor soils on May be dominant species in     Grows mainly in soils of moderate fertility and of a clayey
                                                                   Red Stringybark, Capertee        susceptible to root rot (Phytophthora cinnamomi) and recommended           sideroxylon and E.                ridges, well drained Dry Sclerophyll                 nature but well drained. Susceptible to root rot. Frost hardy
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus macrorhyncha     stringybark               n      as a shade tree for well-drained areas only.                               microcarpa.                       areas.                Forst/Woodland.                plants.                                                               Ridges                        tree                              Associated/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus rubida, E. dives,                            Dry Sclerophyll Woodland.
                                                                                                                                                                               E. viminalis, E. nortonii, E.     Most soils. In gritty Poor forest. Undulating
                                       Eucalyptus mannifera        Brittle gum, Snappy Gum,         Medium-sized tree to 20 m with beautiful white trunks. Responds well       macrorhyncha and Acacia           loam, yellow clay and topography; aspect 90 deg,     Hardy in most soils. Drops branches readily. Frost hardy              Ridges
           MYRTACEAE                   subsp. mannifera            White Gum                    n   to coppicing in order to obtain multi-stemmed plants.                      melanoxylon.                      decomposed granite. slope, level.                    plants.                                                               Slopes                        tree                              Mgrid. Associated.    Prone to coppicing.

                                                                                                                                                                               Eucalyptus melliodora, E.                               Occurs largely in woodland
                                                                                                                                                                               blakelyi, E. polyanthemos, E.                           formations. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                               camaldulensis, E. leucoxylon,     Deep stony soil.      woodland with grass
                                                                                                                                                                               E. populnea, Acacia               Grows on rather       understorey. Low lying flat
                                                                                                                                                                               harpophylla and other Acacia      heavy alluvial soils, area, on floodplains. Small                                                                          Slopes
                                                                                                    Handsome, medium to tall, spreading tree to 30 m with variable bark,       ssp., Casuarina ssp. and          clay loams and better alluvial flat with creek;      Very hardy in most soils but sometimes slow to start. Frost           Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus melliodora       Yellow box                   n   persistent on trunk. Often twisted. Excellent park tree.                   Callitris sp.                     quality sandy loams. undulating land.                hardy plants.                                                         flatlands                     tree                              Ogrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 In red gravelly loam,                                                                                                                                                                                         Distinguished from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 reddish or yellowish                                                                                                                                                                                          Eucalyptus albens
                                                                                                                                                                             Eucalyptus melliodora,              clay, quartzite. On                                  Occurs in mountain slopes, exposed ridge tops, tablelands and                                                                                            by smaller fruit and
                                                                                                    Tree to 25m. Open crown with 'army green' leaves. Fibrous, flaky bark, Eucalyptus albens and                 red sandy loam with Occurs mostly in open forest     onplains at lower altitudes, commonly on shallow rocky soils as Valley bottoms &                                                      Mgrid/Associated/H greener, narrower
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus microcarpa       Grey box                     n   upper branches smooth.                                                   Acacia baileyana.                   quartz.               or woodland formation          well as moderate quality, well drained alluviums.               flatlands                           tree                              udson              leaves.
                                                                                                    Tree to 15m tall. Bark rough to small branches, coarse and thick,
                                                                                                    fibrous or box-type, mottled grey and whitish or grey-brown. Adult
                                                                                                    leaves dull, blue-green or grey-green to glaucous. Inflorescences
                                                                                                    axillary 7-flowered; buds usually glaucous. Fruit sessile, cup-shaped or                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Hybridises with
                                                                   Silver Bundy, Bundy              cylindrical, usually glaucous. Similar to Eucalyptus goniocalyx, which                                       Dry shallow soils                                                                                                                                                                                                Eucalyptus
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus nortonii         Bundy, Large leaved bundy n      does not have glaucous fruits.                                                                               rocky sites.           woodland                                                                                                                          tree                              Associated            goniocalyx
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                       Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Occurs in woodland
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus melliodora, E.                                     formations, growing on
                                                                                                                                                                           blakelyi, E. macrorhyncha, E.                                 foothills, lowland ranges, and
                                                                                                                                                                           rossii, E. bridgesiana, E.                                    gentle slopes between open Found on dry stony or gravelly soils, and rather heavy, poor            Ridges,
                                       Eucalyptus pauciflora                                          Small to medium-sized tree to 15 m with open habit and white smooth goniocalyx, E. mannifera and                                   plains and higher mountain soils, generally of sedimentary origin. Stratification assists          frost
           MYRTACEAE                   subsp. pauciflora           Snow Gum, White Sallee         n   bark usually showing ‘scribbles’.                                    E. sideroxylon.                                               slopes.                        germination. Frost hardy plants.                                    hollows                       tree                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus blakelyi, E.
                                                                                                                                                                           macrorhyncha, Acacia                                                                                                                                             Ridges
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus polyanthemos     Red box, Round Leaf Box n          Medium-sized, spreading tree to 16 m with glaucous, rounded foliage. implexa.                                                                                      Frost hardy plants. Suitable plant for screening.                  Slopes                        tree                           Ogrid/Harden
                                       Eucalyptus populnea                                            Tree to 20m tall. Large crown of green glossy leaves distinguishing  White Cypress Pine, Grey                                                                                                                                         Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   subsp. bimbil               Bimble Box, Poplar Box         n   feature; broadly wavy or with a twist.                               Box.                          Light to heavy soil.            Open box woodland country.                                                                         flatlands                     tree
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Prefers hill and mountain
                                                                                                      Tree to 30m tall. Bark on trunk and branches rough, finely fibrous,                                                                slopes, especially more
                                                                                                      peppermint type, grey or brown; shedding in ribbons. Adult leaves 4.5-    Eucalyptus dives, E.                                     sheltered aspects and broad                                                                                                                                                           Some botanists
                                                                                                      13cm long, grey-green or sub-glaucous, have a strong peppermint           viminalis, E. pauciflora, E.   Grows in a wide           valleys. In undulating area;                                                                                                                                                          consider this to be
                                       Eucalyptus radiata subsp.   Robertson's Gum, Narrow            odour. Inflorescences 9-20+ flowered; buds pedicellate, ovoid to          rubida, E. macrorhyncha,       range of soils. Soil      infair to poor forest. NW                                                                                                                                                             a separate
           MYRTACEAE                   robertsonii                 Leaf Peppermint         n          fusiform. Fruit cup-shaped, hemispherical or truncate-globose.            Acacia melanoxylon.            shale-derived.            aspect.                       From seed.                                                           Ridges                        tree                           Ogrid                 species.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Usually occurs in open forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         or woodland formation, in
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.                                   foothills of mountainous
                                                                                                                                                                           polyanthemos, E. nortonii, E.                                 areas. Fair to good forest;
                                                                   Scribbly Gum, Snappy                                                                                    mannifera and E.              Shallow rocky soil;             undulating. Grows in thick    Grows in soil which is frequently skeletal, well drained, and in     Ridges
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus rossii           Gum, Inland scribbly gum       n   Medium-sized tree to 15 m with white smooth bark. Scribbles present. sideroxylon.                  sandstone.                      stands.                       harsh dry sites. Frost hardy plants.                                 Slopes                        tree                           Mgrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Occurs on a wide
                                                                                                                                                                                                         range of soil types,
                                                                                                                                                                                                         best development is
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus viminalis, E.      on moderatle fertile,           Grows mainly on tablelands,
                                                                                                                                                                           aggregata, E. pauciflora, E. well drained loams               hills and mountain slopes in                                                                       Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                                                                                           ovata, E. bridgesiana and E. with clay subsoil.               woodland or open forest                                                                            flatlands
                                                                                                      Tree to 25m. Bark peels in strips to reveal new smooth white bark.   obliqua. Boxes, peppermints, Yellow gritty clay,              formation. Fair to good                                                                            Streamsides
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus rubida           Candlebark, White Gum          n   Juvenile leaves round and opposite. Adult leaves up to 25cm long.    stringybarks.                 granite.                        forest; undulating.          From seed. Drops a lot of bark litter.                                Gullies                       tree                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                           Scattered Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                           sideroxylon and E. albens
                                                                                                                                                                           with grassland of
                                                                                                                                                                           Austrodanthonia racemosa      Light brown clay on
                                                                                                                                                                           and Bothriochloa macra.       Silurian volcanics.
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus polyanthemos, E. On quartz and
                                                                                                                                                                           microcarpa, E. melliodora, E. sandstone. Typically
                                                                                                                                                                           nortonii, E. fibrosa subsp.   found on poor                   Drier open forests on well
                                                                                                                                                                           fibrosa, E. dwyeri, E.        shallow soils,                  drained skeletal soils. Gentle
                                                                                                      Tree to 30m. Dark (almost black), deeply furrowed heavy bark.        macrorhyncha, Lissanthe       including sands,                rise, NW aspect. In NSW it                                                                         Slopes
                                                                                                      Flowers cream or pink. Foliage dull dark green - silver. Leaves to   strigosa and Acacia           gravels, ironstones             extends to gentle slopes and                                                                       Valley bottoms &
           MYRTACEAE                   Eucalyptus sideroxylon      Red ironbark, Mugga            n   14cm long.                                                           baileyana.                    and clays.                      plains.                        From seed.                                                          flatlands                     tree                           Igrid/Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                           Callistemon sieberi and
                                                                                                                                                                           Eucalyptus camaldulensis                                                                                                                                         Ridges                                                                             In groups produces
                                                                                                                                                                           fringing creek. Acacia        Light grey-brown                Creek bank. Valley slopes,                                                                         Slopes                                                                             a beautiful floral
           MYRTACEAE                   Kunzea ericoides            Burgan                         y   Tall shrub or small tree to 5m high. Dense and open foliage.         dealbata.                     sandy clay.                     dry ridges.                     Fast growing.                                                      Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid                 display.

                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus blakelyi - E.
                                                                                                                                                                              macrorhyncha woodland with
                                                                                                                                                                              some scattered Acacia sp.
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus macrorhyncha, E.                           Gentle slope, NW aspect.
                                                                                                                                                                              polyanthemos and E.                                   Open woodland, on
                                                                                                                                                                              melliodora with Acacia                                roadside.Mid-slope on
                                                                                                                                                                              dealbata and Cassinia            Brown loam gravelly, hillside in gently undulating
                                                                                                      Spreading plant to 1.5 m high by 3 m across with heath-like leaves to 4 arcuata. Eucalyptus, Kunzea      pale brown clay-     hills, W aspect. Open-forest. Propagation from cuttings. Good drainage and full sun provide Ridges                                                                                         In groups produces
                                                                                                      mm long, hairy when young. Bears profuse pink flowers in late spring parvifolia, Leptospermum            loam. Red-brown      Heath and DSF. Likes          the necessary conditions for cultivation. Very hardy, with a     Slopes                                                                                      a beautiful floral
           MYRTACEAE                   Kunzea parvifolia                                          n   and early summer.                                                       multicaule.                      stony clay.          seepage areas.                compact habit. Frost hardy plants. Suitable plant for screening. Gullies                                shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid                 display.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Boggy place at head of small
                                                                                                      A variable shrub to 2 m high, sometimes taller, by 2 m across. The        Mountain Swamp Gum,                                    creek near road. Rolling hills,   Propagation from seed or cuttings. Regenerates quickly after       Slopes
                                                                                                      lanceolate leaves are about 1 cm long. The white or rarely pale pink      Apple Box, Acacia              Granite outcrops.       Open woodland, Eucalyptus         disturbance. A hardy shrub, tolerating most soils and aspects.     Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                      flowers are 1 cm in diameter and seen from late spring to early           melanoxylon, A. dealbata,      Decomposed              dominant. Forest or open          Plants suitable for poorly drained areas. Frost hardy plants.      flatlands
           MYRTACEAE                   Leptospermum continentale Prickly Tea Tree                 n   summer.                                                                   peppermints.                   granite, red clay soil. sandy swampy places.              Suitable plant for screening and brushmat.                         Gullies                       shrub          Late            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                Eucalyptus, Callitris,
                                                                                                      Variable shrub, usually low spreading, to 1 m high by 2 m across,         Leptospermum multicaule,       Infertile granite soil.   Top of low ridge, flat, SW Propagation from seed or cuttings. Hardy plant, but requires            Slopes
                                                                                                      occasionally taller. Leaves are elliptical, to 1 cm. Flowers are small,   Grevillea ramosissima and      Clay loam, with           aspect. Open woodland, dry better drainage than most Leptospermum spp. Frost hardy                 Slopes
           MYRTACEAE                   Leptospermum multicaule     Silver tea tree                n   about 8 mm in diameter, and white or rarely pink.                         Aristida.                      granite outcrops.         hillsides                  plants.                                                                 Gullies                       shrub          Pioneer?        Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                Eucalyptus blakelyi and E.
                                                                                                                                                                                melliodora with scattered E.   Light reddish-brown                                                                                                          Gullies
           MYRTACEAE                   Leptospermum myrtifolium                                   n                                                                             rubida.                        clay-loam.                Cleared open woodland                                                                              Streamsides                   shrub          Late            Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                Mountain Swamp Gum,
                                                                                                                                                                                Apple Box, Acacia                                                                        Propagation from seed or cuttings. Very hardy. Useful as a
                                                                                                      Erect shrub to 3 m high by 1.5 m across with obovate leaves to 1.2        melanoxylon, A. dealbata,      Granite, sandstone        Edge of streams, swampy         screen plant. Plants suitable for heavy shade. Frost hardy
           MYRTACEAE                   Leptospermum obovatum       River tea tree                 n   cm. Flowers are white, to 1 cm diameter, and occur in summer.             peppermints.                   rocks.                    places.                         plants. Suitable plant for screening.                                                            shrub                          Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Stony grey-brown          Steep slope above narrow
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Acianthus collinus                                         n                                                                                                            clay loam.                gully; sparse open forest                                                                                                        herb                           Ogrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia caerulea                                         n                                                                             Callitris sp.                                            Sparse woodland                                                                                                                  herb                           Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                                                               Red-brown gravelly        Gentle to steep slope, E
                                                                                                                                                                                                               clay loam; shaley         aspect; open forest;
                                                                                                                                                                                                               loam. Brown clay          Peppermint forest with heath
                                                                                                                                                                                Grey box, ironbark,            with quartzite            understorey. Undulating
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia carnea                                           n                                                                             peppermint.                    pebbles.                  ground; Woodland                                                                                                                 herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Gentle to steep slope;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia concolor                                         n                                                                                                            Shaley loam.              understorey.                                                                                                                     herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aspect; Open woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         dominated by Eucalyptus
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia cucullata                                        n                                                                             Callitris, Leptospermum.       Rocky soil.               with open understorey                                                                                                            herb                           Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                               Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             r
                                                                                                                                                                               Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                                                                                                               aspect; Open woodland
                                                                                                                                                                               dominated by Eucalyptus
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia dilatata                                      n                        Callitris, Leptospermum.       Rocky soil.             with open understorey                                                                  herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Sparse woodland dominated
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia fuscata           Pink Fingers orchid         n                        Callitris sp.                                          by Callitris                                                                           herb                           Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                               Flat; Open forest dominated
                                                                                                                                                                               by Eucalyptus goniocalyx;
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia gracilis                                      n                        Eucalyptus goniocalyx.         Brown loam.             grassy understorey                                                                     herb                           Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                               Gentle uphill slope on top of
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia patersonii                                    n                        Eucalyptus rossii, E. dives.   Skeletal soil.          saddle; Dry sclerophyll forest                                                         herb                           Ogrid

                                                                                                                                                                               Gentle uphill slope on top of
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia phaeoclavia                                   n                        Eucalyptus rossii, E. dives.   Skeletal soil.          saddle; Dry sclerophyll forest                                                         herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Gentle to steep slope;
                                                                                                                                                                               Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia praecox                                       n                                                       Shaley loam.            understorey                                                                            herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Gentle to steep slope;
                                                                                                                                                                               Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Caladenia pygmaea                                       n                                                       Shaley loam.            understorey                                                                            herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Small row of hills, very
                                                                                                                                                                               rocky.Eucalyptus forest with
                                                                                                                                                       Red-brown loam          dry shrubland as
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Calochilus robertsonii      Bearded Orchid              n                                                       over quartzite.         understorey.                                                                           herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                        Dominated by Eucalyptus        Grey-brown to brown
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Corybas incurvus                                        n                        goniocalyx.                    clay loam.          Open forest. grassy.                                                                       herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                           Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                                                                                                           aspect. Open woodland
                                                                                                                                                                           dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                           with open understorey of
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris aurea                                            n                        Callitris, Leptospermum.       Rocky soil.         Callitris, Leptospermum                                                                    herb                           Mgrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris behrii                                           n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Mgrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris chryseopsis                                      n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                       Grey-brown clay
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris cuneata                                          n                        Grassland/woodland.            loam.                   Flat.                                                                                  herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                        Dominated by Bothriochloa
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris dendrobioides                                    n                        grass.                         Brown clay loam.        Flat, Grassland                                                                        herb                           Igrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                       Grey-brown clay
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris lanceolata                                       n                                                       loam.                   Flat. Open forest.                                                                     herb                           Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                               Gentle slope, E aspect.Open
                                                                                                                                                       Red-brown gravelly      forest dominated by grey box
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris pardina                                          n                        Grey box and ironbark.         clay loam.              and ironbark.                                                                          herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                               Undulating ground.
                                                                                                                                                       Brown clay with         Woodland.Sparse woodland
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris platichila                                       n                        Callitris sp.                  quartzite pebble.       dominated by                                                                           herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                       Brown clay loam.
                                                                                                                                                       Dense grassland
                                                                                                                                                       dominated by
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Diuris punctata                                         n                                                       Themeda triandra.                                                                                              herb                           Mgrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Eriochilus cucullatus       Parson's Bands-orchid       n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Ogrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Genoplesium rufum                                       n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                        Open woodland dominated
                                                                                                                        by Eucalyptus with sparse
                                                                                                                        understorey of Pultenaea
                                                                                                                        procumbens, Stackhousia
                                                                                                                        monogyna, Dillwynia sericea,
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Glossodia major             Wax Lip Orchid              n                        Grevillea lanigera.            Sandy loam.             Creek bank, W aspect.                                                                  herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                       Grey-brown clay
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Microtis parviflora         Slender Onion Orchid        n                                                       loam.                   Flat. Grassland/woodland.                                                              herb                           Igrid
                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus melliodora - E.                             Flat. Cleared
                                                                                                                        blakelyi association, grasses.                         forest/grassland. Gently
                                                                                                                        Grassland dominated by         Grey-brown to grey      undulating hills, in shallow
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Microtis unifolia           Common Onion Orchid         n                        Bothriochloa.                  clay loam.              depression. Woodland.                                                                  herb                           Mgrid/Prober
                                                                                                                        Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Prasophyllum odoratum                                   n                        understorey.                   Shaley loam.            Gentle to steep slope                                                                  herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                        Bothriochloa and Themeda       Grey-brown clay
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Prasophyllum petilum                                    n                        triandra.                      loam.                   Flat. Grassland dominated by                                                           herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                       Red-brown, granite
                                                                                                                        Dominated by Callitris and     soils. Yellow grit,
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Prasophyllum rostratum                                  n                        Eucalyptus.                    gritty clay, granite.   Undulating hills. Low forest                                                           herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                        Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis aciculiformis                               n                        understorey.                   Shaley loam.            Gentle to steep slope                                                                  herb                           Igrid
                                                                                                                                                       Grey-brown clay
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis bicolor                                     n                        Dominated by Bothriochloa. loam.                       Flat.Grassland                                                                         herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus forest with dry
                                                                                                                        shrubland as understorey;      Red-brown loam          Small row of hills, very
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis boormannii                                  n                        dominated by Callitris.        over quartzite.         rocky.Sparse woodland                                                                  herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus forest with dry     Red-brown loam
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis hamata                                      n                        shrubland as understorey.      over quartzite.         Small row of hills, very rocky.                                                        herb                           Ogrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis parviflora                                  n                                                                               Gentle to steep slope                                                                  herb                           Igrid
                                                                                                                        Peppermint forest with heath
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis pedunculata                                 n                        understorey.                 Shaley loam.                                                                                                     herb                           Ogrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis revoluta                                    n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Ogrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Pterostylis truncata                                    n                                                                                                                                                                      herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus with open                                   Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                                                        understorey of Callitris,      Rocky soil. Moist       aspect. Open woodland Flat.
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra carnea                                       n                        Leptospermum.                  clay loam.              Grassland.                                                                             herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                                        Eucalyptus with open
                                                                                                                        understorey of Callitris,                              Ridge, moderate slope, SW
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra megcalyptra                                  n                        Leptospermum.                  Rocky soil.             aspect. Open woodland                                                                  herb                           Mgrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                     Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Among other herbs and
                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus forest with dry      Red-brown loam         small shrubs.Small row of
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra nuda                                           n                                                                            shrubland as understorey.       over quartzite.        hills, very rocky.                                                                                                               herb                             Mgrid

                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus with open                                   Ridge, moderate slope, SW
                                                                                                                                                                              understorey of Callitris,       Rocky soil. Grey-      aspect. Open woodlandFlat.
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra pauciflora                                     n                                                                            Leptospermum.                   brown clay loam.       Cleared forest/grassland.                                                                                                        herb                             Mgrid
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra rubra                                          n                                                                            Eucalyptus goniocalyx.          Brown loam.            Flat.Open forest grassy.                                                                                                         herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ridge, moderate slope, SW
           ORCHIDACEAE                 Thelymitra truncata                                       n                                                                                                            Rocky soil.            aspect.Open woodland                                                                                                             herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Light grey-brown
                                                                                                     Tufted perennial to 20cm tall. Leaves clover-like. Flowers yellow. Fruit Callistemon sieberi, Kunzea     sandy clay amongst
           OXALIDACEAE                 Oxalis exilis                                             n   a capsule.                                                               ericoides and Eucalyptus.       rocks.                 Creek bed.                                                                                                                       herb                             Mgrid


                                                                                                                                                                              Eucalyptus melliodora grassy
                                                                                                                                                                              woodland with Themeda
                                                                                                                                                                              triandra, Poa sieberiana, and   Grey-brown sandy-
                                                                                                                                                                              mixed herbs. Euphorbia          silt. Pale reddish-
                                                                                                                                                                              drummondii and Callistemon      brown gravelly clay-
                                                                                                                                                                              sieberi. Eucalyptus albens      loam. Shallow soil on Woodland to rocky hillsides,
           OXALIDACEAE                 Oxalis perennans                                          n   Flowers yellow. Fruit a capsule.                                         grassy open woodland.           sedimentary rock.     rocky creek banks.                Tolerates disturbance.                                                                          herb                             Ogrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                              Acacia rubida, amongst
                                                                                                                                                                              dense Themeda triandra and                          amongst rocks on steep
           OXALIDACEAE                 Oxalis radicosa                                           n                                                                            some herbs.                     Red-brown clay-loam slope.                                                                                                                              herb                             Ogrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Sandy clay-loam
           OXALIDACEAE                 Oxalis thompsoniae                                        n                                                                                                            amongst stones.     Stone wall of bridge pillar.                                                                                                        herb                             Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Valley bottoms &
                                       Dianella longifolia var.                                      Flax-like leaves. Flowers are bright blue with prominent yellow anthers,                                                        sclerophyll forest/woodland &                                                                      flatlands
           PHORMIACEAE                 longifolia                   Smooth flax lily             n   on branched spikes to 1 m high. Globular succulent fruits.               Box woodland species                                   mallee                        Propagation by division easier than by seed.                         Gullies                       herb             Pioneer?        Ogrid/Prober          Fruit edible.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Grows along railway
                                                                                                                                                                                                              embankments.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Variety of soil types,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              a more tolerant                                                                                                           Valley bottoms &
                                       Dianella revoluta var.                                                                                                                                                 species than D.        sclerophyll forest/woodland &                                                                      flatlands
           PHORMIACEAE                 revoluta                     black anther flax lily       y   Spreading herb to 50cm tall. Flowers dark blue.                          Box woodland species            longifolia             mallee                        Propagation by division easier than by seed.                         Gullies                       herb             Pioneer         Associated/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                              Black Pine, Calytrix
                                                                                                                                                                              tetragona, Blakely's Red                                                                                                                                  Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                              Gum, Cryptandra amara,                                                                                                                                    Slopes
                                                                                                     Variable tufted plant producing long, leafy stems to 1 m, with linear,   Dwyer's Red Gum,                                                                                                                                          Valley bottoms &
                                                                                                     sheathing leaves up to 20 cm long arranged in opposite rows. Bears       Tumbledown Gum,                                       Preferrably dry rocky             Propagation by division, as seed has proved difficult. Needs a    flatlands
                                                                                                     blue flowers with yellow anthers in slender sprays near the end of the   Eucalyptus rossii, Red                                outcrops. Sclerophyll             relatively dry position with some shade. Frost hardy plants.      Gullies
           PHORMIACEAE                 Stypandra glauca             Nodding blue lily            n   stems.                                                                   Stringybark                     Relatively dry areas. forest/woodland.                  Loves fire for regeneration.                                      Gullies (eroded)              herb             Pioneer         Hudson
                                                                                                     Erect, thorny shrub to 3 m and often taller. Dark green, obovate, shiny                                                                                                                                                            Ridges
                                                                                                     leaves to 2.5 cm; underside covered in fine hairs. Masses of white                                       Heavy clay soils.   Dry sclerophyll woodland at                                                                           Slopes
                                       Bursaria spinosa subsp.      Hairy Bursaria, Native           flowers cover bush in late spring and summer, followed by attractive                                     Granite/metamorphic higher altitudes than subsp.                                                                          Gullies
           PITTOSPORACEAE              lasiophylla                  Blackthorn                   n   brown fruits.                                                           Silver Wattle, Apple Box         substrates.         spinosa                             Propagation by cuttings and seed.                                 Gullies (eroded)              shrub            Pioneer         Associated

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Dry sclerophyll forest, Wet      Propagation from cuttings or seed. A very hardy plant that will   Ridges
                                                                                                     Erect, thorny shrub to 3 m and often taller. Dark green, obovate, shiny                                                         sclerophyll Forest, cleared      grow in almost any situation. Fruits are useful in floral         Slopes
                                       Bursaria spinosa subsp.      Native blackthorn, Sweet         leaves to 2.5 cm, underside glabrous. Masses of white flowers cover Yellow Box, White Box, Grey                                 land. Lower altitudes than       arrangements. Subject to scale attack in some areas. Plants       Gullies
           PITTOSPORACEAE              spinosa                      Bursaria                     n   bush in late spring and summer, followed by attractive brown fruits.    Box, Apple Box, White Pine. Non-siliceous soils.        subsp. lasiophylla.              suitable for areas of low maintenance. Frost hardy plants.        Gullies (eroded)              shrub            Pioneer         Hudson

                                                                                                                                                                           Dominated by Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                           with sparse understorey of
                                                                                                                                                                           Pultenaea procumbens,
                                                                                                                                                                           Stackhousia monogyna,
                                                                                                                                                                           Dillwynia sericea, Grevillea
                                                                                                                                                                           lanigera. Eucalyptus
                                                                                                                                                                           macrorhyncha - E. rossii. Dry
                                                                                                                                                                           Sclerophyll Woodland with
                                                                                                                                                                           some Dry Sclerophyll Forest
                                                                                                                                                                           shrubs. Eucalyptus sp. with        Loam on granitic       Gentle slope above creek, W
                                                                                                     Small, open shrub, 30 cm high by 30 cm across. The linear leaves are grass-herb understorey,             rock. Deep yellow      aspect.Open woodland; Well       Propagation by seed; may take 8–10 weeks to germinate. Will       Ridges
                                                                                                     up to 4 cm long. Flowers are 3 cm in diameter with deep violet petals Ammobium, Craspedia,               podsolic on            watered gully. Gently            grow in most soil conditions. Full sun preferred for best         Slopes
                                       Cheiranthera cyanea var.     Purple Finger Flower,            and prominent yellow anthers that have a finger-like appearance,      Burchardia, Drosera, Bulbine,      sedimentary rock.      undulating hills.Low open        flowering. Frost hardy plants. Plant will trail and spread over   Gullies
           PITTOSPORACEAE              cyanea                       Finger Flower                n   giving plant its common name. They are seen in spring and summer. Ajuga and Dianella.                    Grey clay loam.        forest,                          rocks.                                                            Gullies (eroded)              shrub            Pioneer         Mgrid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Awaiting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Propagation from seed. Graceful habit. Fruits are attractive.                                                                                          publication by L.
                                                                                                     Small tree to 8 m with very pendulous branches. Leaves are linear-       Grey Box, Eastern                                                                       Sunny, well-drained position required. Subject to scale attack,   Valley bottoms &                                                                     Cayzer potentially
                                                                    Weeping Pittosporum,             lanceolate, to 10 cm. Flowers creamy yellow, in spring and summer.       Cottonbush, Yellow Box,                                                                 which may cause severe defoliation. Frost hardy plants. Root      flatlands                                                                            changing status of
           PITTOSPORACEAE              Pittosporum phillyraeoides   Butterbush                   n   Bears orange ovoid fruits to 2 cm long with red seeds.                   White Cypress Pine, Bulloak. Sand.                     woodland and mallee              disturbance.                                                      Slopes                        tree/shrub       Late            Hudson                this species.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Gullies
           PLANTAGINACEAE              Plantago hispida             Woolly plantain              n                                                                                                            Shallow soils.         crevices of rock exposures                                                                         Gullies (eroded)              herb             Pioneer         Hudson
                                                                                                                                                                            Eucalyptus blakelyi - E.                                                                                                                                    Ridges
                                                                                                                                                                            melliodora woodland with                                 Generally less diturbed sites.                                                                     Gullies
                                                                                                                                                                            some E. camaldulensis.                                   Amongst dense growth.                                                                              Gullies (eroded)
                                                                                                     Small perennial rostte. Leaves to 12cm long x 20mm wide, densely       Eucalyptus albens grassy          Brown clay-loam.       Railway bank. Grassland.                                                                           Slopes
                                                                                                     hairy, thick, 3-5 prominent ribs on the undersurface often with random woodland with Themeda             Gravelly reddish       Undulating country,                                                                                Valley bottoms &
           PLANTAGINACEAE              Plantago varia               Variable Plantain            n   teeth along the leaf margin. Flower stems to 20cm long.                triandra.                         lateritic soil.        woodland or forest.                                                                                flatlands                     shrub            Pioneer         Igrid/Prober
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Red and yellow
                                                                                                                                                                                                              podsolic, probably
                                       Aristida ramosa var.                                                                                                                                                   colluvial soil. Poor
           POACEAE                     ramosa                       Purplewire grass             y                                                                                                            soils.                 On heavily grazed remnants.                                                                                                      herb                             Associated/Mgrid
                                                                                                     Perennial. Culms 38–85 cm high. Ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5 mm long.
                                                                                                     Leaf-blades straight, flat or conduplicate or involute or convolute,     Eucalpytus dealbata, E.
                                                                                                     1–1.5 mm wide. Inflorescence an open panicle. Glumes shorter than        dwyeri, Stringybark, Yellow
                                                                                                     spikelet, thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume 3.5–7 mm long, 1       Box, White Box, Calytrix
                                                                                                     length of upper glume, 1 -nerved, keeled. Upper glume lanceolate,        tetragona, Acacia implexa,
                                                                                                     3.5–7 mm long. Fertile lemma lanceolate, 8.5–12 mm long, apex            Bracteantha viscosa,
                                                                    Wiregrass, Threeawn              acute, 3 -awned, without a column. Anthers 3. Grain 6–9 mm long,         Lissanthe strigosa, Drooping                        Woodlands often on ridges
           POACEAE                     Aristida vagans              speargrass                   n   with adherent pericarp.                                                  Sheoak                       Variety of soil types. or rocky hillsides.                                                                                                                 herb                             Hudson
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                  Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              February 2001




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                                                                                                Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect or
                                                                                                geniculately ascending, 13–70 cm high, 3 -noded. Mid-culm nodes
                                                                                                glabrous. Leaf-sheaths hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5 mm long.
                                                                                                Leaf-blades flat or involute, 2–10 cm long, 2 mm wide. Surface
                                                                                                indumented.
                                                                                                Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle ovate, dense, 4
                                                                                                cm long, 2.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets
                                                                                                pedicelled.
                                                                                                Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 5–7 fertile florets, with
                                                                                                diminished florets at the apex, of 2 or more fertile florets, cuneate,
                                                                                                laterally compressed, 9–16 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret
                                                                                                callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, exceeding apex of florets,
                                                                                                thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, 11–16 mm long,
                                                                                                0.9 length of upper glume, 9–11 -nerved, membranous, much thinner
                                                                                                on margins, without keels, acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, 9–16                                     Deep podsolic on
                                                                                                mm long, 1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 9–11 -nerved,                                           sedimentary rock;
                                                                                                membranous, with hyaline margins, without keels, acuminate. Florets.       Themeda triandra,           deep yellow podsolic Roadside; well watered;
                                                                                                Fertile lemma oblong, 2.5–3.5 mm long, chartaceous, without keel, 9 -      Eucalyptus melliodora, E.   with much gravel on lightly grazed stock route;
           POACEAE                     Austrodanthonia auriculata Lobed wallaby grass       ?   nerved. Lemma lobed, incised 0.5 of lemma length, awned, 3 -awned,         blakelyi.                   sedimentary rock.    woodland.                                                                           herb                           Ogrid
                                                                                                Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 15–80 cm
                                                                                                high, 1 mm diam., 4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths smooth. Ligule a fringe of
                                                                                                hairs. Leaf-blades flat or involute, 20–30 cm long, 1–2.5 mm wide.
                                                                                                Surface glabrous or indumented.
                                                                                                Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle lanceolate or
                                                                                                ovate, 4–12 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2–4 cm long. Spikelets
                                                                                                solitary. Female fertile spikelets pedicelled.
                                                                                                Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 4–7 fertile florets, with
                                                                                                diminished florets at the apex, of 2 or more fertile florets, cuneate,
                                                                                                laterally compressed, 9–15 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret
                                                                                                callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, exceeding apex of florets,
                                                                                                thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic, 9–15 mm long, 1
                                                                                                length of upper glume, 5–7 -nerved, membranous, without keels,
                                                                                                midnerve smooth or scaberulous, attenuate. Upper glume elliptic,
                                                                                                8–13 mm long, 1–1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 5–7 -nerved,
                                                                                                membranous, without keels, midnerve smooth or scaberulous,
                                                                                                attenuate. Florets. Fertile lemma lanceolate, 2.2–3.3 mm long,
                                                                                                chartaceous, without keel, 9 -nerved. Lemma surface indumented,
                                                                                                pubescent, apex attenuate, lobed, incised 0.6 of lemma length, awned,
           POACEAE                     Austrodanthonia bipartita                            n   3 -awned, awn from a sinus, curved, 7–11 mm long overall, with                                                                                                                                                  herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect or
                                                                                                geniculately ascending, 10–50 cm high, 3 -noded. Mid-culm nodes
                                                                                                glabrous. Leaf-sheaths hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs, 0.5–1 mm long.
                                                                                                Leaf-blades filiform, involute, 3–20 cm long, 1 mm wide. Surface
                                                                                                indumented.
                                                                                                Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle ovate, 1.5–4
                                                                                                cm long, 1.5–2.5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets
                                                                                                pedicelled.
                                                                                                Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 3–7 fertile florets, with
                                                                                                diminished florets at the apex, of 2 or more fertile florets, cuneate,
                                                                                                laterally compressed, 6–14 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret
                                                                                                callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, shorter than spikelet, thinner
                                                                                                than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic, 6–11 mm long, 1 length of
                                                                                                upper glume, 5–9 -nerved, membranous, much thinner on margins,
                                                                                                without keels, surface smooth or asperulous, acute. Upper glume                                        Red and yellow deep
                                                                                                elliptic, 6–9 mm long, 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 5–9 -nerved,                                podsolics on          Well watered site. Roadside
                                                                                                membranous, with hyaline margins, without keels, surface smooth or                                     sedimentary rock.     under shade of Eucalypts;
                                                                                                asperulous, acute. Florets. Fertile lemma elliptic, 3–4.4 mm long,         Yellow Box, White Box, E.   Granite country,      Light Eucalypt growth..                                                                                                                 Austrodanthonia
           POACEAE                     Austrodanthonia carphoides Short wallaby grass       n   chartaceous, without keel, 9 -nerved. Lemma surface indumented,            dealbata                    heavy soils.          Grass or woodland                                                                  herb                           Igrid                 caespitosa
                                                                                                Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 19–70 cm
                                                                                                high, 3 -noded. Mid-culm nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths hairy. Ligule a
                                                                                                fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform, involute, 10–25 cm long, 1–2 mm
                                                                                                wide.
                                                                                                Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle lanceolate or
                                                                                                ovate, 2–7 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Female fertile spikelets
                                                                                                pedicelled.
                                                                                                Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 4–7 fertile florets, with
                                                                                                diminished florets at the apex, of 2 or more fertile florets, cuneate,
                                                                                                laterally compressed, 11–18 mm long, breaking up at maturity. Floret
                                                                                                callus evident. Glumes. Glumes similar, exceeding apex of florets,
                                                                                                thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, 10.2–19 mm long,
                                                                                                1 length of upper glume, 11–13 -nerved, membranous, much thinner
                                                                                                on margins, without keels, acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, 11–16
                                                                                                mm long, 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma, 11–13 -nerved,
                                                                                                membranous, with hyaline margins, without keels, acuminate. Florets.
                                                                                                Fertile lemma oblong, 2.5–4 mm long, coriaceous, without keel, 9 -
                                                                                                nerved. Lemma lobed, incised 0.66 of lemma length, awned, 3 -
           POACEAE                     Austrodanthonia eriantha                             n   awned, awn from a sinus, geniculate, 13–15 mm long overall, with                                                             open woodland and plain                                                            herb                           Mgrid
                                                                                                Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 30–115 cm
                                                                                                high, 1–3 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule a fringe of hairs.
                                                                                                Inflorescence. Inflorescence simple, a panicle. Panicle linear or
                                                                                                lanceolate.
                                                                                                Fertile spikelets. Spikelets comprising 4–6 fertile florets (?), of 2 or
                                                                                                more fertile florets, laterally compressed, 11.8–16 mm long, breaking
                                                                                                up at maturity. Glumes. Glumes exceeding apex of florets
                                                                                                (substantially). Lower glume 11.8–16 mm long. Florets. Fertile lemma
                                                                                                2.5–3.5 mm long. Lemma surface indumented, lobed, awned, 3 -
                                                                                                awned, geniculate, 7.5–13.5 mm long overall. Lateral lemma awns
                                                                                                present. Palea 4.3–5.5 mm long. Lodicules present. Anthers 3. Grain
           POACEAE                     Austrodanthonia fulva                                n   1.8–2 mm long.                                                                                                               Roadside vegetation.                                                               herb                           Ogrid
See "Explanatory Notes" worksheet for column descriptions.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
                                                                                                                                                                                  Species List - Harden Shire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      February 2001




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ye




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   te
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              te
                                                                                                                                                                                         ie




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ta
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ils




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                c
                      ily




                                                                              es
                                                    es




                                                                                             d




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               e




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     s
                                                                                                                                        n




                                                                                                                                                                                           s




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                t




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               r
                                                                                                   Habit. Perennial. Young shoots intravaginal. Culms erect, 20–60 c