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					       Fourteen Steps

             Hal Manwaring

Teaching objectives

master the key language points
 and grammatical structures in the
understand the main idea,
 structure of the text and the
 author’s writing style
understand the significance of life
Topics for discussion

Can an invalid lead a happy life?
 Please explain.
How would you show your
 appreciation if somebody helps you
 when you are in trouble?
What is your ideal life?
Main idea of Fourteen Steps
Hal Manwaring was a crippled man who needed a
crutch to get around. One dark rainy night, as he
was driving home, a tire blew on his car and forced
him off the road. Noticing a light on in a nearby
house, he thumped slowly along the shoulder to
see if someone there could help him. He was
feeling sorry for himself that a crippled man should
be so inconvenienced.
Hal said he was overcome with horror
as the situation played over and over in
his mind driving home. He had used his
crutch as an excuse and the old man
never gave a moments concern that he
was blind.
when a little girl opened the door of the house. He
called out that he had a flat tire and couldn’t
change it because of his handicap. The little girl
went back in the house and soon emerged with an
old man who, with the little girl’s help, changed the
tire in the pouring rain. Hal offered to pay the old
man, but was refused. Nevertheless Hal held out a
$20 bill, but the old man didn’t make any move to
take it. The little girl came closer to the window
and whispered, “he can’t see. Grandpa is blind,”
she said.
An integrated analysis of Text 1
 Basically, the story falls into four parts.
Part 1(Para.1-2): these two paragraphs
 are about the author’s first which could be
 further divided into two phases: the first
 phase was a hard struggle to make a living,
 the second phase was “a pleasant dream”,
 because the author had everything that a
 happy life can offer.
Part 2(Para.3-5): In these three
 paragraphs, the author depicts his life
 afflicted by the disease, especially the
 difficulty in climbing the 14 steps.
Part3(Para.6-8):Paragraph 6
 describes how the author got a flat
 tire in a stormy night and his
 desperate need for help.
Part4(Para9-10): these two
 paragraphs concluding paragraphs
 are the author’s reflection on the
 incident and his life philosophy, from
 which he discovered the true value of
Sentence understanding
1. …a cat has nine lives (Paragraph 1): an
   English proverb which indicates that cats are
   very tough. They seem able to survive
   accidents and hardships.
  God knows how he’s still alive. He must have
  nine lives like a cat.
2. …the enormity of the situation swept
   all over me (Paragraph 6): …the
   seriousness and helplessness of the situation
   gripped me.
3. In the next few…I had never felt before.
   (Paragraph 9): In the next few seemingly never-
     ending seconds I was never so overwhelmed
     by such shame and horror.
4. …all things whatever…so to them (Paragraph
     10): originally taken from the Bible which is
     interpreted as “do to other people whatever you
     would like them to do to you.” The converse
     part of the saying is: “do not do to other people
     whatever you wouldn’t like them to do to you.”
Words and phrases
1. be inclined to: to be likely or tend to p1
   Middle-class victims are more inclined to
   contact the police.
   I don’t feel inclined to talk to him.
 be inclined to/forward be inclined for
2. care for: to look after
   He is very good at caring for sick old people.
   Caring for a nervous injured bird requires a
   lot of patience.
paralyze v.
1) to make unable to move or act
He is paralyzed by fear.
2) to impair the progress or functioning of
  sth.; to make sth. inoperative or powerless
paralysis n.
paralytic adj.
Business is totally paralyzed.
3. afflict: to cause severe suffering or pain
   The old man was afflicted with blindness.
   Pollution might be one of the major problems
   currently afflicting Third World countries.
4. with the aid of: with the help of
   The bacteria can only be seen with the aid of
   a high-power microscope.
5. install: to set up
   The cost of installing a computer system
   can be justified in terms of greater
   All gas stations have now installed pumps
   for leaded petrol.
6. to a degree: partly
   To a degree this course of action was
   forced upon her.
7. utterly: completely
   Without UN help it would have been
   utterly impossible to arrange the
   We utterly reject the philosophy of
   compulsory wage control.
8. disillusioned: disappointed
   Disillusioned by his team’s performance,
   the manager resigned.
   Impossibly high expectations of the new
   regime have left many voters
9. hold on to: to keep one’s grip on; not to let go
   Hold on to your ticket—you might need it on
   the return journey.
10.lead up to: to come before and result in
   The book describes the trial and the events
   leading up to it in great detail.
11. steer: to control
  She has steered the company away from
  financial ruin.
12. jerk: to pull suddenly and quickly
  He jerked the string and the light came on.
13. swerve: to turn suddenly to one side
  The driver swerved sharply to avoid hitting a
  Next, the pitcher threw a curved ball, which
  swerved away from me as I lunged forward to
  hit it.
14 .sweep: to move quickly and smoothly
  A wave of panic swept over her.
  A new dance craze swept the country.
15. bundle: to quickly push something or someone
  into something
  He had been bundled into the back of a
  Volkswagen by three masked men.
  There had just been time to bundle his
  bloodstained jacket and gloves into the washing
16. slacken: to become slower or less active
  The train slackened speed as we approached
  the station.
  we slackened our pace as we reached the
17: jack up: to lift with a jack
  Why don’t you jack it up and we’ll have a
  look at the suspension?
18: frail: weak and poor in health
  A frail old woman with a walking stick
  came slowly down to the gate to meet us.
  His frail arm could barely hold his arm.
19. penetrate: to enter or pass (into or through)
  Light cannot penetrate a brick wall.
  Our eyes could not penetrate the darkness.
20. overflow with: to be very full of
  Kerry handed me a glass overflowing with
  wine, trying not to let it spill on the carpet.
  Mother Teresa was respected by the people
  because she had a heart overflowing with
21. indifference: not caring about
  Though thoroughly apprehensive, he put on a
  show of indifference.
  All our requests for government help have
  been met with complete indifference.
Text-based Discussion

As we know, according to the author he has
 three lives, through each of which he has
 different life experiences physically and mentally.
 Now work in pairs and discuss how he differs in
 each of the three phases according to the
 information given in the table. Find as many
 words as possible that illustrate the differences.
 When you finish in ten minutes you are going to
 report to the class by both writing your words on
 the board and presenting orally.
Changing Attitude

              Physical condition     Attitude
                                   toward life
First Life

Second Life

Third Life
Text-based Translation Exercises

1. English into Chinese:
1) I became afflicted with a slowly progressive
   disease of the motor nerves, affecting first
   my right arm and leg, then my other side.
2) I managed to keep my health and optimism, to
   a degree, because of fourteen steps.
3) Those steps were a gauge of life. They were
   my yardstick.
2. Chinese into English
1) 你可能以为走在这里的是一位充满了勇气
    和力量的人(a man of…)。
2) 随着我年龄变老,我变得越来越失落
    (disillusion, frustrate)。
3) 可能会有过路司机停下的念头立即被打消
4) 现在雨似乎在一点点减弱 。(slacken)。
1) You might think that here walked a man
   of courage and strength.
2) As I became older, I became more
   disillusioned and frustrated.
3) The though that a passing motorist might
   stop was dismissed at once.
4) The rain seemed to be slackening a bit
Questions for consideration

What do you live for? Recall an
 experience that you have overcome
 difficulties successfully.
Topics for discussion about Text 2:

 What do you think made the author
  stand up again?
 Do you believe in power of belief?
  Please illustrate your point with