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					4/2/2010                                                                                                                                                          c1e90d08-51c7-44fe-af32-424640b8403b.xls                                                                                                                                                                      1




           Region or Sub-region    Societal Goal*          Issue                                     Stakeholders                             Product                                     Existing Observations                        Observation Gaps               Existing Models               Model Gaps            Related Issues                  Sci-tech   Socio-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Priority   econ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Priority
           Arctic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Should we add Arctic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Climate Atmospheric
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Observatory Network?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NOAA CMDL Barrow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Observatory and DOE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Atmospheric Rdiation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Measuring Observatory -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          clouds, cloud properties,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          aerosols, radiation, trace
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          gases
                                   All                     Need for integration of existing agency   All                                      Integrated data products
                                                           data with industry data




                                   Weather & climate       Changes to sea ice & impacts on           Coastal communities, subsistence         Improved sea ice observations & forecasts   Satellite imagery; Ice Mass-balance      Thickness measurements             What models now used?         Need more data for IPY Arctic Observing
                                   Living resources        coastal communities, shipping,            users, sea ice forecasters, oil & gas    (extent, thickness, freeze-up, break-up)    Buoy (IBM) network; moored ice-profiling                                                                  validation         Network addresses some of
                                   Natural hazards         subsistence use                           industry, shippers                                                                   sonar on Chukchi Plateau; Internatl                                                                                          these issues, however,
                                   Maritime operations                                                                                                                                    Arctic Buoy Program network                                                                                                  coverage in seasonal ice
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       zone is problematic (to be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       addressed to some extent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       by SIZONet)
                                   Global weather &        Strong ties between Alaska Arctic      Global climate community                    Improved global climate models              Process studies over multiyear ice to   Process studies in first-year,      ?                             Albedo and ice
                                   climate                 weather & climate and global climate &                                                                                         provide data for parameterizations and  seasonal ice to improve                                           property
                                                           weather                                                                                                                        model validation                        representation in models                                          parameterizations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  (currently not included in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  many models)
                                   Living resources        Changing sea conditions are making        Subsistence users, coastal communities Real-time sea ice conditions                  Only local knowledge now; sea ice radar Need coastal "strip" out to         Current models do not         need info on ice      Is ice radar worthwhile
                                   Maritime operations     whaling more hazardous; increased                                                                                              at Barrow, Wales                        30km at key locations -             explicitly simulate coastal   ridging, keel         cost/benefit for long-term or
                                                           potential for loss of lives                                                                                                                                            radar? Local sea ice                landfast ice                  grounding,            for short-term only?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  observers?                                                        bathymetry
                                   Living resources        Sea ice habitat is diminishing and could Natural resources; resource managers, Nowcasts/forecasts of sea ice conditions
                                                           have effects on seals, walrus & polar    impacts of threatened & endangered      over time
                                                           bears                                    species on subsistence users, and other
                                                                                                    uses such as oil & gas

                                   Maritime Operations Lack of data makes coastal navigation         Coastal communities, industry            Local marine conditions with real-time      Combination of ice charts from remote        need to merge ice, winds,      WRF, Navy, others             Improve availabilty
                                                       hazardous                                                                              updates                                     sensing and general weather conditions       and 3 day forecasts                                          to local users - in
                                                                                                                                                                                          from regular forecasts                                                                                    areas with poor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    internet access a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    contact node needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    to be established
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    where information
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    is accessible

                                   Natural Hazards         Storm surge and coastal erosion           Coastal communities, NWS forecasters, Map erosion events and determine risk          Local knowledge; some wind & wave            No long term records;        Wave models are for local Wave models
                                                                                                     emergency planners, AK DOT            scenarios                                      data from USACE & ADOT projects              establish Harbornet sites or areas w/only 2-3 years data w/longer term data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wave buoys where?            for each                    sets
                                   Natural Hazards         Storm surges & Coastal Erosion            Coastal communities, NWS forecasters, Improved sea ice nowcasts & forecasts          Satellite imagery, info from ships of        Sea ice thickness profiling;
                                                                                                     emergency planners, AK DOT            (extent & timing, thickness, motion,           opportunity                                  sediment entainment into sea
                                                                                                                                           formation, melt, fetch)                                                                     ice and subsequent transport

                                   Natural Hazards         Storm surges & Coastal Erosion            Coastal communities, NWS forecasters, Real-time wave conditions & forecasts for      Local knowledge; some wind & wave            No long term records;          Wave models are for local Wave models
                                                                                                     emergency planners, AK DOT            coastal communities                            data from USACE & ADOT projects              establish Harbornet sites or   areas w/only 2-3 years data w/longer term data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       wave buoys where?              for each                    sets
                                   Natural hazards         Storm surges                              NWS forecasters, community planners      Sea level observations                      NWLON tide gauges at Red Dog &               Add NWLON tide gauges                                      No forecasting
                                                                                                                                                                                          Prudhoe                                      where?
                                   Living Resources        Impacts of climate change on              Resource managers, subsistence users, Changes to ocean state variables:              2 NWLON tide stations at Red Dog &           Add more platforms, how?       None                          Need coupled          NOAA Arctic Program
                                   Ecosystem Health        ecosystem & marine living resources       commercial fishing, whaling           temperature, salinity, acidification, ocean    Prudhoe; river gauges; CRN stations;                                                                      physical-biological   funding Jia Wang modeling
                                   Weather & Climate       (fish, birds, mammals)                                                          color, other?                                  satellite date (from what?); tagged birds,                                                                models; ecosystem     for northern Bering 7
                                                                                                                                                                                          fish, mammals?                                                                                            models higher         Chukchi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    resolution?

                                   Ecosystem Health        Impacts of climate change on Arctic       Resource managers, coastal               Nowcast/forecast of ocean circulation &      Nansen-Amundsen Basin Observing      How do we get wind, wave,             ROMS model                    ?                     Wave buoys which report
                                   Living Resources        ecosystem, fisheries sustainability &     communities, subsistence users           freshwater flux                             System (NABOS) - moorings along shelf current, freshwater data                                                                  wave spectra back (further
                                   Weather & climate       other living marine resources                                                                                                  edge of Russian Fed; RUSALCA cruise? now?What additional obs do                                                                 from coast)?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                we need?
                                   Ecosystem Health        Oil and gas development w/o risk to       Coastal communities; subsistence users ?                                             Long time series of ocean conditions                                                                                            Collaborate w/oil industry?
                                                           ecosystem                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      MMS NOPP funding?
                                   Marine Resources        Additional oil and gas development        Industry, state economy                  Spotty bathymetry                           ?

           Notes
           * Societal goals        4 living resources
           1 ecosystem health      5 homeland security
           2 maritime operations   6 weather and climate
           3 public health         7 natural hazards

				
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