"RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA - DOC - DOC"
RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA 2004-2007 SUBMITTED TO : PLANNING COMMISSION GOVT. OF INDIA COLLECTOR BALAGHAT, M.P. & ZILA PANCHAYAT BALAGHAT, M.P. INDEX Chapter Subject Page No. Foreword Map of District 01 District Background 1.1 – 1.4 02 Introduction & Resource inventory 1 – 15 03 SWOT analysis & Identification of Critical gaps 16 – 24 04 Objectives 25 – 27 05 Project Details 28 – 59 06 Benchmark Surveys, Monitoring and Concurrent 60 – 75 Evaluation 07 Annexure Annexure- 1 Three year action plan- Annexure- 2 List of selected gram panchayats Annexure- 3 List of most sensitive naxal affected 100 villages Annexure- 4 Physical resource from other schemes- financial Annexure- 5 Physical resource from other schemes- physical Annexure- 6 Road connectivity Annexure- 7 Veterinary health Annexure- 8 Health & Woman & chiled welfare Annexure- 8(A) List of SHC & Anganwadi Annexure- 9 Irrigation Annexure- 10 Education Annexure- 10(A) List of Renovation of School Buildings Annexure- 11 Fruits & Vegetable Production Annexure- 11(A) Plantation of Medicinal plants Annexure- 11(B) Abstract of Horticultural activity Annexure- 12 Sericulture & Weaving activity Annexure- 13 RSVY project summary FOREWORD Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) has been envisaged to address the problems of low agricultural productivity, unemployment and to fill critical gaps in physical and social infrastructure. We have attempted to prepare a plan for RSVY in consultation with THE representatives of Panchayati Raj institutions and NGOs of Balaghat. Balaghat is a backward district with forests covering half the geographical area of the district. The strains and obstacles constraining growth have been identified with the help of people's participation. The district plan of Balaghat for the year 2004-2007 has been prepared having activities of various departments. The District Planning Committee (D.P.C.) has approved this plan and also, after discussion, has been finalized by the State Planning Commission. The proposed plan under RSVY will be complimentary to the District plan and, naturally, would be on additional to the existing source of funds for the development of the District. In all the 10 blocks of the district, a cluster of Naxal affected Gram Panchayats has been proposed to be taken under RSVY. Various indicators have been used to shortlist these Gram Panchayats, so that they generally represent the most backward and poor area within a Block. Being an agricultural area with dense forest in some parts, emphasis has been given on agricultural and allied activities. As expected, the agricultural practices are primitive with low productivity. Areas having irrigation facility and double-cropped fields have been excluded from this project. Villages having poor water table condition have been included. Requisite surveys like individual family survey, hydrological, vegetation, socio-economic status has been carried out. Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) exercise would be undertaken before commencement of work in all villages. The project document proposal under RSVY for Balaghat is being submitted for approval. The Zila Panchayat, Balaghat (D.R.D.A. is a part of it) has the requisite technical knowledge & experience to implement the programme. (Sachin Sinha, IAS) Collector and District Magistrate Balaghat, M.P. RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- I BACKGROUND district- BALAGHAT, M.P. RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- Ii resource inventory district- BALAGHAT, M.P. Rashtriya Sam Vikash Yojana Balaghat District M.P. 1. Introduction Balaghat is the south - eastern district of Madhya Pradesh State. Though, this district is well connected by road and rail with the major cities of the state as well as the country; it is still characterized as backward district for its geographical location, tropical climate, undulating land structure, low agricultural productivity, predominance of tribal population, low literacy rate and poor socio-economic condition of people. Naxalite movements also affect the district. Moreover, this district is affected by drought almost every alternate year. During drought years the spot water sources as well as surface water projects get dried up, ground water table goes down, prospects of agriculture become bleak and large no. of people face terrible hardships due to unemployment and inadequate income opportunities. Keeping the above factors in view Planning Commission has decided to select Balaghat district for implementation of special type of development activities. This new programme is christened as Rashtriya Sam Vikash Yojana (RSVY), which is an incentive to the backward district like Balaghat. The fund available under this programme will be utilized for implementation of various development activities in the sphere of Agriculture, Soil conservation, Veterinary, Horticulture, Agricultural allied schemes, Irrigation, Forest, Health and Education, Infrastructure Building etc. The schemes will be implemented through various line departments, Panchayat establishment and NGOs. Before going in to the details of the plan prepared under this programme we should go into details about the basic features of this district. 2. Basic Features of the District 2. 1. Location & Area Balaghat district is located in the southeastern side of Madhya Pradesh. This district is in between north latitude 21°30' and south latitude 21°20‟ and 79°30' west longitude and 81°5' east longitude. The total geographical area of the district is 9229 sq. kms. Out of which the Urban and Rural areas are 15% and 85% respectively. 2.2 Administration The district headquarter is situated at Balaghat town (22°40' north latitude and 80°12' east longitude) having eight administrative sub-divisions viz. Balaghat, Waraseoni, Lalburra, Baihar, Lanji, Katangi, Kirnapur and Khairlanji. There are 10 Development Blocks, 665 Gram panchayats and 1371 villages. 2.3 Topography Geologically the region of Balaghat distinct is over lined by basaltic lava flow of Deccan trap formation. The district is characterized by undulating topography with rugged hilly terrains in the northern and southern parts. General elevation of the land surface ranges from 150 m to 300 m, the master slope being towards the east and south- east. 2.4 Soil Soil is formed by weathering of parent rocks, which are metamorphic associated with dominant minerals like mangnese, copper, coal and bauxite etc. Soils of undulated uplands are shallow, gravelly, coarse textured, well drained having low water holding capacity. 2.5 Climate Balaghat district is situated within the semi-arid region of the state. The district is situated within the agro-climatic region of Eastern satpura plateau and east of Kymore Hills. The district has a sub-tropical climate and is characterized by high evaporation and low perception. Average annual rainfall varies between 1000 and 1400 mm. The relative humidity is high in monsoon season, being 75% to 85%. But in hot summer it comes down to 25% to 35% Temperature varies over a wide range from 7 ° Celsius in winter to 46.80 Celsius in the summer. 2.6 Demographic features As per 2001 census, total population of the district is 1497968, out of which 86.6% are residing in rural areas and 13.4% are in urban areas. About 51.20% of the populations are males and 48.80% are female. The percentage of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes are 7.75% and 21.80% Adding OBC population this percentage will reach to 75. Total no of BPL families in this district is 63.98% (S.C-9.79%, S.T.25.93% & OBC-62.13 %). Literacy percentage of this district is 69.26 (excluding 0-6 years population). The male literacy percentage is 68.8% and female literacy percentage is 59.3%. In rural and urban areas the literacy percentages are 53.82 and 75.96 respectively. 2.7 Salient Statistics Balaghat is one of the most backward districts of Madhya Pradesh. The salient data is available for analysis of poverty in district. Population density is 162 persons per sq. K.M. Main tribes of districts are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Pardhan, Halba, Halbi, Kandra & poraw. Main language of the district is Gondi and Hindi. Economy of Balaghat district mainly depends on agriculture but only 29.86% of the total land is cultivable. Irrigation is limited to only 40% of total cultivable land. This is despite the presence of a numerable nallas in the region. Main kharif crops are paddy, maize, soyabean, arhar, kodo, udad, moong, til and Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, rai, alsi and pulses etc. The per capita food grain production in the district was 300 kg. The functioning of the public distribution system was also not satisfactory. There are around 30.71 fair price shops per lakh population. The production of cereal was 258 kg per capita. The figures for pulses and oil seeds were 16.46 kg and 8.37 kg per capita respectively. The average land holding size was 1.35 Acre per family. About 45.01% families are benefited by electricity, 5% families used latrines and 93% families had potable drinking water facility. District had 15 petrol pumps. There are 4 higher sec. schools, 4 high schools, 35 middle schools per lakh population and almost all villages had primary schools (1627). The per capita milk availability is 50 gram, which do not fulfill the nutritional requirements of people. About 5 Veterinary Health Institutes are present on per lakh population. 2.8 Population, employment situation & trends The census of 2001 has put population of Balaghat district at just over 14 lakhs, showing a growth rate of over 24% over the decade. This puts the annual increase in population at 2.2% per annum. That is same situation of state. The annual growth rate would remain in the same order of magnitude for the first few years of this decade, and persons added in the last two decades would need jobs or employment. As per basic trend of Madhya Pradesh, the Balaghat district has a very large population depend on agriculture, there is a gradual casualness of labour, and large number of persons employed in sectors, which are not of high growth. The challenge of employment is then not just new jobs, but to make existing livelihoods stronger and sustainable. Having provided information by National sample survey (NSS) on the level of employment in the district, state and country are as follow: Table – work participation Rate: Balaghat, M.P. and India. Year Balaghat M.P. All India Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban 1993-94 48.1 30.8 49.4 31.7 44.4 34.7 1999-00 46.1 29.9 46.2 31.9 41.7 33.7 Worker – population ratios provided an idea about the participation of population in economic activity. Above table shows the participation rates in rural side higher than Urban in the district. Following table shows percentage distribution of workers sectors wise. Year 1999-2000 S Sector Balaghat M. P. State N district 1. Agriculture & allied 79.9 73.6 2. Mining & Quarrying 1.4 0.7 3. Manufacturing 7.9 6.4 4. Electricity, Water etc. 0.1 0.2 5. Construction 4.2 3.0 6. Trade, Hotel and 2.0 7.1 Restaurant 7. Transport etc. 1.2 2.2 8. Services 3.3 6.8 2.9 Agriculture Balaghat District has mainly agricultural based economy, as there is no any major industrial unit existing in the District. The Geographical area of the district is 9.24 Lakhs ha. The agriculture is being done in 2.75 lakhs ha. Two third area of the district is covered with reserve forest. Under cropped area district is predominantly as Kharif crop area. The area under Kharif crop is 2.70 lakhs ha. Whereas the under Rabi is only 0.83 lakh ha. The mono cropping shows the unavailability of employment and poor condition of the farmers and Agricultural Labours. To enhance the economic status of farmers and Agricultural labours, the RSVY project is being submitted to generate the employment and create irrigation potential which ultimately increase the productivity and income of target groups. A. Basic information's S.N Particulars Area District State o. (lac.ha.) % % 1 Total geographical 9.24 - 3.00% area 2 Total forest area 5.06 54.76 6.27% 3 Total fellow land 2.92 31.60 2.83% 4 Gross cropped area 3.54 38.31 1.68% 5 Net cropped area 2.75 29.76 1.82% 6 Double cropped 0.78 8.44 area 7 Area under kharif 2.71 29.33 crops 8 Area under rabi 0.83 8.98 2.65% crops 9 Irrigated area a. Kharif 1.20 12.98 b. Rabi 0.24 2.60 10 Cropping intensity 129 - B. Area and productivity Under Kharif Crops S.N CROP AREA PRODUCTIVI o. NAME (Thousand ha.) TY (Kg./ha.) 01-02 02-03 01-02 02-03 1 Paddy 249.5 247.5 1497 964 2 Maize 4.5 4.4 983 983 3 Kodo 12.8 12.7 289 289 4 Arhar 2.9 2.8 1048 1048 5 Urd 1.4 1.4 452 361 6 Moong 0.1 0.1 301 361 7 Soybean 0.1 0.2 967 967 8 Til 1.0 1.1 370 378 9 Ramtil 0.1 0.1 236 169 C. Area and productivity of Rabi crops SL CROP AREA PRODUCTIVITY No. NAME (Thousand ha.) (Kg./ha.) 01-02 02-03 01-02 02-03 1. Wheat 16.00 16.6 759 759 2. Gram 5.5 6.7 549 549 3. Pea 0.6 0.7 289 289 4. Lentil 0.1 0.1 301 301 5. Tiwra 12.6 11.6 419 419 6. Mustard 3.4 3.5 512 614 7. Linseed 17.0 19.7 217 253 8. Sugarcane 1.8 2.3 3998 4331 D. Use of improved variety seed S. no Particulars 2000 2001 2002 1 % Of sown area 2% 2.37% 2% 2.10 Irrigation Two major irrigation schemes are in the district. The Ultimate Potential area of all these schemes is 81221 Hac. The district is much potential for irrigation purpose. 8 great rivers flow and opportunities of irrigation much higher. The present status of irrigation in district is as below. Irrigation source wise area and percentage irrigated area S.no. Source Total irrigated % Of total % Total land irrigated area area 1 2 3 4 5 1 Canal 81221 58.17 23.69 2 Tube 282 0.20 0.08 Well 3 Well 21488 15.39 6.27 4 Ponds 31000 22.20 9.04 5 Others 5624 4.02 1.64 2.11 Land Holding Pattern S.N Area No. Of farmers % Of Farmers 1 2 3 4 1. Less than 1 ha 56631 18.08 2. 1-2 ha 69697 22.25 3. >2-4 ha 83063 26.52 4. >4-10 ha 80369 25.66 5. <10 ha 23470 7.49 Land Holding Pattern 7.5% 18.1% 25.7% 22.3% Less than 1 Ha 1-2 Ha. >2-4 Ha. 26.5% >4-10 Ha <10 Ha 2.12 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services Most of the population of the district comprises of landless labours, small and marginal farmers, Livestock is the back- bone of agricultural based economy. Presently department of Animal Husbandry of M.P. Govt. providing 15 Veterinary Hospitals, 49 Veterinary Dispensaries, 03 A.I. Centers, 40 Sub-Centers, 07 Key Village Units (K.V.U.), 01 Mobile Unit (at the districts level) 01 Disease investigation lab, which provides veterinary Services to the farmers of 10 blocks. To run these institutions the district has well qualified veterinary staff and Para-veterinary staff. 37 milk produce societies are functioning throughout the district by SHG group. Table: showing Livestock Population in district S.no. Type of Population Population % Live stock in district in M.P. Contribution in state 1 Cattle 673501 28046892 2.40 2 Buffaloes 135565 10984832 1.24 3 Sheep 62174 1139985 5.45 4 Goats 84557 10015379 0.85 5 Pigs 22429 384240 5.84 6 Poultry 247795 - Source: The MP Human Development Report 1998 Govt. MP 2.13 Horticulture Livelihood promotion by Horticulture activities in the district have greater possibility because district has better atmosphere, good environmental condition and soil type. Out of 9.24 lacs hact land 1.44 lakh hact land is irrigated. Presently the production areas of different crops are as below: - S.No. Crops Area production (hact.) 1 Fruits 228 2 Vegetables 2986 3 Masala crops 1042 4 Flowers 75 5 Medicinal crops 25 2.14 Health And Family Welfare At present the district has one District Hospital, one urban civil Hospital, 8 rural hospitals/ CHC, 33 PHC and 286 sub- Centers. This district has successfully launched the following programmes during last 5 years. National Anti-Malarial Programmes Control of Acute Gastroenteritis National Blindness Control Programme – Mass DEC Therapy 2nd National Leprosy Elimination Programme National Tuberculosis Control Programme RCH Programme The primary school health programme has also been taken up in this district. The follow-up measures for such programme need be taken. 2.15 Educational Infrastructure In Balaghat district the position of educational infrastructure is as below: Table: Status of school Hostel and Ashram S Name of Primary Middle High H.S. Hostel Ashram N Block School School 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 Baihar 163 62 8 5 16 6 2 Birsa 191 61 5 8 18 12 3 Paraswada 171 52 6 5 9 3 4 Lanji 155 50 7 5 2 1 5 Kirnapur 162 55 5 3 2 1 6 Balaghat 181 63 7 10 9 - 7 Waraseoni 155 57 8 6 2 - 8 Lalburra 146 45 7 6 1 - 9 Khairlanji 130 59 6 5 3 - 10 Katangi 173 58 4 5 3 - Total 1627 562 63 58 65 23 2.16 Women & Child welfare institution S No. Of Sanctioned Centers Building Centers N Blocks Anganwadi having less having hand Centers Govt. Centers pumps for Building drinking water 1 10 1671 159 1512 92 2.17 Forestry Total forest coverage in this district including social forestry is 5.06 lakh Ha. which is 51.70% of the total land of the district. The management and maintenance of forest is being done by Joint Forest Management committees under active control of different divisions of Forest Department. At present 538 nos. of forest Protection Committees are working in this district. These committees have not only helped to protect the plantation areas but have also guarded against illegal felling of trees. Category of Forest in Balaghat districts as shown below: SN Name of the class Area (Sq. km) Percentage of the total area of the district 1 Dense Forest 3716 40.26% 2 Open Forest 998 10.81% 3 Total Forest 4714 51.70% 4 Per Capita Forest 0.33 - Area 2.18 Soil Conservation In last years total 40,000 Ha. Area has been treated-cum- benefited through: a) Alternative land use system, especially fallow wasteland has been covered under deep-rooted horticultural crop. b) Contour vegetative hedge was planted to reduce slope percent of the wasteland. c) Agro-forestry was planted to make the land cultivable through biomass production. d) Creating water bodies. 2.19 Cottage and small Industries Among household Industries the most important areas are sericulture, Lac, rope making, sari making, silk weaving, basket making etc. 10,000 persons in this district are engaged in various household industries. 2.20 Road Connectivity District has no any National highway, which affects the economy of district. Road Network of district shown as: Table: Road Network of District S.N. Particulars District State % Of (Km) (Km) State 1 National Highways - 3403.9 0% 2 State Highways 269.3 7505.1 3.59% 3 District Main Roads 413.5 12936.8 3.20% 4 Pucca Roads (WBM) 2157.6 56745.6 3.80% 5 Kaccha Roads 656.3 10538.6 6.23% Source: Sadak Sankhyiki 1999, PWD GoMP Instead of above data the road connectivity is much poor than other developed districts of M.P. About 46.2% villages are still not connected with pucca Roads. For development of basic infrastructure like road & bridges in the district presently some schemes are presently running having been sponsored by Central & State Government, under Sampurn Gramin Rojgar Yojana (SGRY), PMGSY and other road & bridge schemes. We are making presently 656.49 km road and 4 bridges (culverts) and spending Rs.3639.82 lakh for better road connectivity (Annexure 4 & 5). But this all will not fulfill the connectivity of people to people. 2.21 Electricity Connectivity in District Electricity Connectivity is also poor in this district than other developed districts of M.P. for actual development of areas. Table: Electricity Connectivity of District S.N. Particulars District State 1 Total villages 1269 51806 2 Villages electrified 1170 50271 3 Villages electrified 92.2% 97.04% 4 Agricultural Consumption 4866 7681 per consumer (KWH) 5 Per Capita Domestic 538 583 Consumption (KWH) RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- Iii swot analysis & listing of critical gaps district- BALAGHAT, M.P. 3.0 SWOT Analysis 3.1 Strengths Enormous forest wealth, including non-timber forest produces. High quality of rice production Enormous mineral wealth. . Fair level of rainfall. 11 fairly major river and a large number of nallas and rivulets. Many state highways pass through the district and proximity to Nagpur, an industrial city of Maharastra State. Active PRIs Cheap Labour A large number of women's self-help groups formed in the district. Steeply improving rate of literacy in the district. Government and the administration, committed to development. Large tourist influx to Kanha National Tiger Reserve 3.2 Weaknesses Poor Connectivity, because many roads get cut during the long monsoon period. Poor accessibility by Rail. Poor irrigation facilities and power infrastructure. Low Agricultural productivity with primitive farming techniques. No major industries Low level of literacy, poor health and nutritional status Lack of well organized marketing structure for minor forest produce. Several schools/ICDS/Health centers still have no building. Low capacity of extension workers on the field. Low level of technical awareness among the villagers. Poor training facilities in the district. 3.3 Opportunities Livelihoods opportunities not yet exploited to the full. Government holds Balaghat in the focus of development efforts due to major forest coverage. High movement of agricultural and forest produces out of the district in unprocessed form imply so much opportunities for activities relating to value addition. The new quest for organic foods holds opportunities The State Government has identified Balaghat as its flagship for promotion of Jungle tourism in the state. This opens new livelihood opportunities in the district. A strong network of active PRIs facilitates outreach services for training and skill development. Traditional affinity of tribal with the forest can be used in forest protection & plantation activities. 3.4 Threats The overly rigorous provisions of the Forest Conservation Act. Problems peculiar to villages in the interior parts of the district which pose challenges to constructive activities. Balaghat has experienced Naxalite movement in the areas bordering Chattisgarh and Maharastra States. Since Naxalites are active in the district, slow development may make a soft target for the naxals. 3.5 Identification of Critical Gaps 3.5.1 SWOT analysis of Balaghat district reveals several critical gaps that constitute barriers to growth. To accelerate the development process, it is necessary that these barriers should be removed forthwith. Poor Connectivity 3.5.2 Poor connectivity can be said to be the most major barrier to the process of development in the district. This creates several barriers, like Development: Workers are unable to reach their target- villages. Villagers are unable to reach remunerative markets for selling their produces. They are constrained to distress- sale of their produces to exploitative middlemen and moneylenders. Health-care: workers are disabled from rendering timely medical aid in the interior parts of the district. Approach: Students are forced to drop out if they cannot reach middle/ high school located at some distance, which is cut off during rains. PMGSY is an important intervention in this regard. However, there are several bridges/ culverts, which are not yet covered under PMGSY. Taking these up under RSVY would greatly enhance the impact of. PMGSY. A detailed scrutiny of these bridges/culverts required to be built, has been done and enlisted here. The priority of these bridges/culverts has also been drawn up in consultation with public representatives and development officers. Poor Irrigation Facilities & Drought Proofing 3.5.3 Poor irrigation facilities are another barrier to growth in a district where agriculture constitutes the mainstay of rural economy. Due to poor irrigation facilities; out of 3.54 lakhs Hact. cultivated land, Rabi crop is taken in only 0.83 lakh Hact. that is barely 23% of the total agricultural production. Dependence on rain and a single crop compels villagers to extend the area of their farm. This puts pressure on forests, which often adjoin agricultural lands. It is for this reason that many people consider extension of agriculture as opposed to forest interests in Balaghat. The solution to the problem lies in multiplying the number of crops by creating/strengthening irrigation facilities. There is also the need to ensure drought proofing in vulnerable areas like Baihar, Birsa, Kirnapur and Paraswada blocks. 3.5.4 The rural economy in Balaghat district has been almost entirely confined to agriculture and non-timber forest produces. Livelihood opportunities allied to agriculture offer substantial potential for growth. These include horticulture, forestry, poultry, piggery, dairy etc. However, volume & consistent quality in production are seen barriers to growth. Building less ICDS Centers 3.5.5 Development cannot be meaningful without development of human resources. Child-care and Primary education is important in this, regard. While the district has ICDS programmes in operation, the effectiveness of these suffers when they are not supported by minimum infrastrctural support. The ICDS centers, which are operating without, a building of their own, need to be provided there. Lack Of Proper Training Facilities 3.5.6 The importance of training can never be over-emphasized. Lack of a proper, well-equipped training center disables all efforts of effective training of the fieldworkers in development departments. It is therefore necessary that this gap should minimize if not be removed. Balaghat being a large district, having a single training center will entail high recurring cost of gathering participants from far corners of the district. Lack of Adequate Outreach Services 3.5.7 Outreach services including capacity-building and awareness generation are extremely important in the context of Balaghat. The case of women representatives in Pries illustrates this point. Thanks to statutory reservation, women have found entry into the Pries. But this is largely symbolic as they are disabled through ignorance to discharge their office effectively. Building the capacity of women representatives in Pries, as also of the natural leaders in the large number of self-help groups formed in the district constitutes a major gap at present. Other such gaps in capacity building include: Villagers are not aware of what a regulated market is and how it can help them receive better returns on their produces. Beneficiaries are unaware of the government's welfare schemes. Forfeiting out of sheer ignorance the insurance claims under group insurance. The Emerging issues of Tribal poverty (i) A large majority of tribals are associated with agricultural activities. Due to their marginal and uneconomical holdings, earnings from these pursuits do not give them reasonable levels of living. So the first major issue is how to increase the productivity of their marginal holdings? (ii) The livestock population of these backward areas is genetically poor and economically unsuitable, but is an essential part of the tribal life style. The second issue, therefore, is how can livestock be made economically viable. (iii) Tribals have a historic relationship with the forests. Today large-scale degradation and change in forestland use (community asset) to agricultural (individual asset) and also their marginalisation by the statutory custodians of the forests, has limited their access to forests, have limited their access to forests. How can the tribals be meaningfully involved in developing the forests is the other major issue. Whether some new activities suitable to the resources and needs of the region can be identified for training the tribal, especially women to generate additional employment and income? (iv) Tribals generally produce what they consume. Whatever surp1us, if generated, in agriculture or forest collection is sold to the middlemen who charge heavily for this service. What interventions should be proposed to make value addition to the tribal surplus produce? (v) Seasonal out migration has become an integral part of the tribal life style and economy. This leads to a lot of hardships to both the migrants (mainly women) and those who are left behind. What interventions can be proposed to give them gainful employment during agriculture off-season? (vi) Tribal women generally have to contribute much more to run the household. Most of her works are of routine nature and involve extensive drudgery e.g. fetching water, collection of fuel wood and preparation of food on an unfriendly hearth. What intervention can be planned to facilitate these women in their routine work? (vii) Despite huge investment in the education sector we are still not able to bring women on the forefront. Only an insignificant proportion of women are educated beyond middle standard ever today. The males among tribals also do not have much inclination towards formal education. Male tribals also do not have much inclination towards formal education. What interventions are, therefore, needed to make education popular? (viii) What model of implementation of Sam Vikas Yojana would be most suitable and desirable for the programme implementation and how far the participation of local tribals be planned in the implementation of the project? How the involvement of NGOs can be incorporated under the project and whether there are such local NGOs with requisite capability? (ix) The remote tribal pockets are backward mainly due to lack of infrastructure. This aspect remained neglected for a long time. What can be done to make improvement in the basic infrastructure? With the above scenario in mind the project Integrated Development of Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh under „Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana' has been prepared. The project proposes livelihood security of the poor tribals living in identified cluster of poor Gram Panchayat, around such Panchayats in each cluster of the district, by organizing them into self help groups (SHGs), through integrated development of agriculture, irrigation, dairying, sericulture, fishery and horticulture. Infrastructure development is equally important and this aspect has been brought under the proposal. RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- Iv objectives district- BALAGHAT, M.P. 4- Objectives The primary objectives of this programme are to address the indigent problem pockets of high poverty, low growth and poor governance. It also aims at removing the barriers towards growth and accelerating the process of development. Other objectives of the programme are as below: 4.1 Due to geographical and typical socio-economic features of the district large no of people of this district remain unemployed for major part of the year. The incidence of unemployment, under- employment and disguised employment is very often noticed in the socio-economic sphere of rural life. Hence, creation of adequate employment opportunities in the rural areas through implementation of this new programme is one of the great objectives of this programme. 4.2 Not only providing employment opportunity to the rural poor, creation of durable assets is also another great objective of this programme. Moreover, the assets so created will help to augment income opportunity of the people. It is estimated that during implementation phase nearly 2.36 lakhs man-days will be created. In the long run quite a good number of families will be provided sustained employment. 4.3 Balaghat, being a drought-prone area, recurrence of drought is noticed almost every alternate year. To mitigate this problem a drought management plan has been contemplated and incorporated in the plan document. This drought management plan will have a direct bearing on agricultural productivity, strengthening of extension services, creation of irrigation infrastructure, pursuing of soil and water conservation measures, plantation in a massive scale etc. 4.4 Balaghat district has predominance of SC/ST people comprising over 40% of the total population. So one of the major objectives of this programme is to take up various sectoral activities for their benefit their. 4.5 Due to recurrence of drought and consequent crop failure quite a large no. of people migrate to nearby districts and states in search of better employment opportunity. Such migration badly affects the social and economic life of the migrants. The objective, therefore, is to provide gainful and sustainable employment to such people so that such incidences are minimized. 4.6 Health and education are the spheres where lot many things have remained undone. The strengthening of the primary health care services and primary education sectors is therefore another objective of this programme. 4.7 No programme can be implemented successfully until and unless.' the people's participation is ensured. The concept. of decentralized planning has been emulated while preparing this plan to ensure people's participation in the various stages of planning, implementation and monitoring. To instill a sense of belongingness among common masses, participatory planning and development process have been envisaged to be included in the plan document. 4.8 Building of infrastructure concerning roads, power, administrative building etc. have mostly been covered in different plan years out of infrastructure development fund, grant-in-aid sectors and other such sources. Hence the objective of this plan is not to create infrastructure only, but to utilize the existing ones for rendering proper services to the wider cross section of the society. 4.9Overall development will reduce naxal moments by providing employments to rural youth and others. RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- v project details district- BALAGHAT, M.P. IMPLIMENTATION OF PROJECT 01 AGRICULTURE The undulation of land under the G.P.'s selected for agro based activities, results in the wastage of rain water. Due to the less irrigation facilities only 40% of agricultural land is irrigated in district . A total of 2.71 lakh hector area is possessed by kharif and 83000 hector of land by Rabi crop in the district. Soil and water conservation activities cannot be fully functioned due to lack of allotment, which affects the increase of Rabi area in the district. Most of the area in the district is undulated causing the speed of rain water flow and land degradation more than the average which results in the decrease of the production power of land which in turns gives decrease in average production and cash crop area, Following provision are taken in RSVY for indirect irrigation by reacharging of rainwater and increase fertilety of soil by Bio- fertilizers. 1.1 Land Development Through Water Conservation structures : - Improper arrangements of land gives less crop in the District, Treatment of these lands will increase their productivity, in the selected naxal affected 100 villages. Provisions have been made of Gully Plugs, Contour trenches, CPW, percolation tank, Nala bandhan, afforestation construction of dugwells and irrigation tanks (ponds)/ stop dams construction near the agricultural land. With these activities of soil & moisture conservation region of single crop will turn to Double crop, which will give rise in the income of former. Proposed activities are as follows for three years : (1) Gully Plugs -200 m/village/yr. (2) Contour Trenches -500 m/village/yr (3) Water Storage tank -23 No. (4) Constr of Dugwells -400 No. (5) C.P.W. -500 M/village/ yr. (6) Nala bandhan -2100 Nos. (7) Irrigation tank/ stop dam 40 Nos. (8) Afforestation 5 Hect/ village/ year In this way, from Total provisioned amount of Rs.1258.70 Lakh 20978 Hec. agricultural land will be treated and will increase the double crop area through indirect irrigation. 1.2 Vermi Compost Pit: At present in the district chemically fertilized agriculture is being worked. In the year 2001 about 41-% chemically fertilized agriculture was done in the area of kharif crop. Extensive use of chemical fertility the quality of the land became low and also mixing with the grain and vegetable leaves creates bad effect on public health. Provisions are being made to change this chemical fertilizer to Bio fertilizer, through the help of vermicompost pit, which will prouduce bio-fertilizer by earth worms. Provision have been made for the formation of vermicompost pit by putting earth worms in 10‟X6‟ sized pits at the land/Badi of each farmer for the selected G.P.'s under this fertilizer which is prepared in 45 days and earth worm also gets doubled for the preparation of next pit. 40 Qts. of vermicompost is gained from each vermipit / year, which fertilizes 2 hect. of land. Initial Cost per pit comes to Rs. 5000/- but after 45 days the amount of earthworms is saved and next pit is also prepared, This fertilizer does not effect environment. This activity will also generate income to BPL families becouse sale of compost and worms through SHG formation, will render extra income which will be Rs. 10,000 – 20,000/- per year. 02 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY: In comparison to any other fields, animal husbandry schemes provide a unique opportunity of self employment for BPL population, resulting growth in rural prosperity. Project for the Dairy-farming, Piggery and Poultry farming under Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojana has been prepared for District. These schemes will not only provide self- employment through different activities but also enhance socio- economic status of the population through generation of extra income. By following schemes we will provide extra income to BPL families under RSVY project: 2.1 Dairy Unit: Dairy farming is an important source of income and livelihood of many BPL families in rural areas those are engaged in agricultural practices. As the Dairy unit help the cultivators to empower them for there overall development. A Dairy unit, established have a sustainable development too for which maximum milking Cows are required. Present status: Presently there is no dairy unit established by any government agency in all the gram Panchayats. Dairy farming in these areas can be emerged as a profitable business. The status of local „Milch animals‟ in this area is comparatively poor. The yield is low. Therefore, establishment of cross bread dairy units in these areas will definitely make rapid progress. Marketing Facilities: Milk produced at dairy farms will be collected by self-help group and sold to Dugdh Sangh Cooperative at district level through dairy cooperative society at village level. Extra milk could be stored in chilling plant established by govt. Dugdh Sangh at block level. Provision will be made for development of self-help group for transportation of milk from villages to near by dairy cooperative society. Role of different Govt. and non govt. Agencies Network mechanism will be created to integrate govt. and non govt. agencies Dept of veterinary services will play central role regarding vaccination medication A.I. of animals and providing technical knowledge. These activities will be governed by trained staff members and veterinary officers of outline dispensary at village level and veterinary hospitals at block level. Private trained Go-Sevaks will also take up some of the activities for development. Cultivation of fodder required by the animals, integrated activities of agriculture, vety and irrigation will be taken up. Activities like marketing and storage of milk will be performed by dairy cooperative society at village level cooperative milk produces union ltd. at distt. level Implementation Implementation of this scheme will not only raise the income of BPL families but also bring white revolution in the district. Around 100 BPL families will get, self employment and through introduction of improved breed, By A.I. there will be improvement of livestock occur in this district. As below it shows how the dairy unit provides income to BPL families. Financial Statement for establishment of dairy unit Consisting of two crossbred cows A two animal unit of crossbred cows could be taken up by weaker section in rural areas as a subsidiary occupation to suppliant their income. 45D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc A. Fixed Capital Available (1) Land Available - Own land/Gram Panchayat patta - (2) Milch animal shed (kacha) for 2 animals (4' x 10' = 40 sq. feet) @ 50 per sq. feet. Cost of construction manger & watering facilities (3) Equipments chain, Bucket, can etc. - Rs. 1000.00 (4) Cost of2 cross bred animals - Rs. 27000.00 (@13500 each animal) (5) Initial concentrate feed purchase - Rs. 2000.00 (for 1 Month) ---------------------------------- INCOME (FOR 1 YEAR) Total Rs. 30,000.00 ---------------------------------- A. By sale of Milk (average production 7 litre per animal @ Rs 12. per litre 1st cow 8 liter milk (@ Rs.12/lit., 300 Days) - Rs 28,800.00 2nd cow 8 liter milk (@ Rs. 12/lit., 150 days) - Rs 14,400.00 ---------------------------------- Total Rs 43,200.00 ---------------------------------- B. Income from manure & gunny bags - Rs 1,000.00 ---------------------------------- Total Rs. 1,000.00 ---------------------------------- Grand Total Rs. 44,200.00 Expenditure of feeding of animals/yr. Rs. 24,000.00 Total Income per Year (44200-24000) Rs. 20,200.00 per year 46D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Forward Linkages For Dairy Scheme:- Development & strengthening of forward linkage are needed for processing and marketing of milk & milk produced through dairy scheme under SGSY & co-operatives. Looking into need of chilling plants, reviving and strengthening of existing chilling plants in this district is proposed. 2.2 Construction of Chilling Centre and formation of milk societies (Marketing of Milk – Milk Federation) In Balaghat district there are established unit of M.P. milk producers union limited (milk fedaration) at district and village level. Some of these units, which are presently functional are taking up activities like collection, processing, storage, chilling and marketing. There is only are factional chilling plant located at distt. Level. Main unit of milk produces cooperative movement is under limited at distt. level. This dairy unit is still functional but working in lowest capacity of about 500 liters per day due to very low collection milk. However they are having their chilling & processing plants. That can store and process about 1000 liters milk per day. This unit sales milk through different milk booths to local consumers. Therefore in project we proposed. (1) Construction of Chilling center worth Rs. 70.00 lakhs (2) Formation of 50 Village milk societies requiring expenditure worth Rs. 25.00 lakhs. 47D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 2.3 Piggery Unit: Present status: In Balaghat district most of the people belonging to ST & SC categories take interest in pig rearing. It is a profitable business because beneficiary can yield high income through sell of pork & piglets. Because of high prolificacy of pigs of improved variety, beneficiary could generate income in a short span. This scheme has also been implemented in this district by state govt. but the allotment and target given in the scheme could hardly cover one-gram panchayat of each block. Therefore more funds are needed for this scheme. Above all there is no provision of feed for animals in state govt. scheme and most of the BPL families cannot afford the cost of feed initially. Project Area: Under this scheme 500 families from selected gram panhayat will be selected one Boar(male) and 2 sows female) will be given to each selected family. Marketing Facilities Local people relish pork. Therefore some of the products could be sold in the local markets. However formation of self-help group will be needed for transportation of pork to the distant places where it is in demand. Selling of piglets of improved variety will be done through M.P Pashudhan Nigam. 48D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Marketing activities will also be taken up by self-help groups. This scheme will be regularly supervised by veterinary doctors and extension officers posted at block level and trained veterinary field staff at village level. They will provide facilities & knowledge to the beneficiaries regarding treatment, breeding & feeding activities. . Implementation of this scheme will provide self Employment to B.P.L families & will also generate their income in short duration. Establishment of Piggery unit (Pig Trio Scheme): A. Cost of one unit piggery 1. Cost of one pig trio (1 male pig & 2 female pig) -Rs. 6300.00 2. Cost of feed for two months -Rs. 6000.00 3. Miscellaneous Expenditure -Rs.4100.00 (for construction of shed and other facility) ---------------------------------- Total Cost Rs.16400.00 ---------------------------------- Feeding cost for 10 month @ Rs 1500/- P.M. Rs. 15000.00 B. Income from 1 unit of piggery 1. Sale of20 piglets (at 2 months of age Rs. 4000.00 @ Rs. 200.00) 2. Sale of 12 growers each Rs.22500.00 weighing 75kg @25 Rs./kg 3. Value of Breeding stock Rs. 8000.00 4. Sale of gunny bags & manures Rs. 1000.00 ----------------------------- Total Rs. 35500.00 ---------------------------------- Net Income / Year (35500 – 15000) = Rs. 20500.00 Income per Month = Rs. 1700/- 2.4 Poultry Unit: Present Status: 49D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Poultry farming is a common practice among the villagers of Balaghat district. Most of the people in all the proposed gram panchayat take interest in poultry rearing. Through this scheme beneficiary would get profit by selling eggs and poultry. It will not only raise socioeconomic status of rural people but also introduce a source of high protein in their diet. This scheme is also existing in the district aided by state govt. but more funds are needed for running the scheme to all the selected gram panchayats of the district. In this scheme training programme will be conducted at panchayat level to render the knowledge of poultry farming and management to the villagers. Project area: Under this scheme families of all the selected gram panchayat will be provided either with 50, day old male chicks or 55, fifteen day old male and female chicks along with the package of feeder, medicine, cage, waters and feed. Marketing Facilities: Poultry eggs and chicken could easily be sold in the local market as the consumption of the same is good in the local area. Self-help groups will be formed for transportation of eggs and chicken to the near. 50D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Technical knowledge of poultry farming will be rendered to the poultry farmers by veterinary assistant surgeons Veterinary Extension officers. Treatment, medication & vaccination will be regularly done by trained field veterinary staff. Supply & Marketing of poultry will be done by M.P. Rajya pashudhan & Kukkut Vikas Nigam marketing channels for Eggs & chicks sell will be made through formation of self help groups for marketing. Result: Implementation of poultry farming scheme will give self Employment to the 1000 BPL families & will generate income through sell of Eggs & meat. It will also introduce high quality protein in their diet. Financial Statement of poultry plan This scheme is introduced in tribal areas of Balaghat district for generating extra source of income of villages by selling eggs and poultry Infrastructure development and per unit cost of scheme 1. 55 chicks of 15 day old @ Rs. 6/- chick - Rs. 330.00 2. 20 Kg Poultry feed @ Rs 9 per Kg. - Rs. 180.00 3. Medicine / vaccine & other facilities - Rs. 100.00 51D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 4. Feeder & Waterer - Rs. 150.00 5. Cage / Bamboo tokri / Bulb - Rs. 150.00 ---------------------------- Total Cost Rs. 910.00 Income 1. Sale of 25 poultry (cock) at the age of Rs. 1000.00 3 to 4 weeks @ 40 Rs. per poultry 2. Sale of 150 eggs obtained from 20 layer Rs. 3600.00 birds @ 1.20 Rs. legg 3. Sale of 20 layer (poultry) at the age of Rs. 1000.00 18 months Rs. 5600.00 Net profile of unit is Rs. 5600.00 in 18 months 2.5 Provision of Breeding Buck (Male Goat) Goatary business is much popular in Balaghat District. People are rearing large no. of goats at their houses. But non descript breeds (Desi) of goats are not profitable. They do not produce good meat and milk. Vety deptt already gives the male goat of jamnapari breed on exchange basis. But due to less allotment it is not sufficient to change the desi breed to high profitable breeds. In this RSVY project breeding buck will be provided to 1000 BPL families of selected gram panchayats. It will give better result after 2 years of project. 03 FOREST PRODUCE 3.1 Lac Cultivation Activities 52D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Lac is a natural resin and has hoary origin. The medicinal and curative properties of lac are recorded in the ancient religious scriptures. Lac and its products have been one of the very traditional and indigenous industries in India. Balaghat would occupy a predominant position in the field of lac production because density of Palash tree is high present traditional skill of the lac growers and processing capacity etc keeping these factors in view distribution of broad lac at the unit cost of Rs 100/- per tree. The proposed activities will provide employment opportunities to nearly 5000 people. Besides above, the production of brood lac will provide required raw materials to the lac based industries and help foster growth of indigenous industries in' this district. The details of the scheme as entailed in RSVY plan are as below: 1) Palash Brood lac will be distributed to 600 beneficiaries per year. Each beneficiary will be provided 5 kg. of brood lac free of cost. This brood lac will be inoculated in their own trees (mainly Pal ash and Ber). The inoculation will be done in the month of July, which will be harvested in the month of October. Again the brood lac will be inoculated in the last week of June and will be harvested after 6 months. 2) Kusmi brood lac will be distributed to 100 beneficiaries per year. Each beneficiary will be provided 10 kg. of brood lac. The 53D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc inoculation period of this variety is July and February. The harvesting will be done after six months. 3) The scientific demonstration plot has been proposed to be taken up to build awareness among the lac growers so that an impact is created in the locality. 4) The unit cost has registered a rise during second and third year considering the fluctuation of rate of brood lac in the open market. All these activities are expected to train 5000 nos. of persons and will generate 83580 mandays and will benefit 5000 people. 54D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Economics estimation of Lac activation (Beneficiary holding 10 Palash Trees) (1) Expenditure: (Inoculation in month of Oct - Nov.) i. Cost of Lac insects Lac beaning steaks - Rs. 45.00 Rs. 1.5 / Steaks of 2.5 ft. length ( 3 steaks Tree = 30 steaks for ore Trees) ii. Cost of net Rs. 30 L.S. Rs. 30.00 iii. Shorting of leaves of Tree L. S. Rs. 25.00 Rs. 100.00 (2) Income: i. 1st Crop - (May - June), 2.5 kg. 1 Tree Production Rs. 100.00 Price from one Trees @ 40 1 kg. ii. 2nd Crop (Oct - Nov) - 4 kg 1 Tree production Rs. 140.00 @ Rs. 35 1 kg. i. Net profit From one tree yrly Rs. 140.00 ii. Net profit From 10 trees yrly Rs. 1400.00 nd iii. 2 yr. To onward year yrly Rs. 2150.00 (Rs. 70 served from 2nd year expenditure is only Rs. 25/tree/yr.) 240 - 25 = Rs. 215 / Tree 1 yr. It-Iac purification plant will be established in distt. The price of Lac will be Rs. 100 /- kg. So the net income from 10 trees will turn to Rs. 6250/- vearly to each beneficiary. 3.2 OTHER FOREST PRODUCE There are so many options to generate income from forest areas of district Balaghat. From which some activities will be taken in RSVY plan for generating income of rural poor families i.e. (i) Medicinal plant, roots plantation. (ii) Sawai roap making 55D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc (iii) Honey processing unit. (iv) Training for SHGs Total allocation for income generation from other forest produce under this scheme will be Rs.148.81 lakhs. 04 Sericulture & Handloom activity:- 4.1 Tasar Silk worm rearing activities: Expenditure plan of Rs. 900.00 per family has been proposed in selected areas. By this activity there will get net income Rs. 10900/- per family per year. which is extra income in their supplement time. Tasar Silk worm rearing is an easy task and can be easily done by women self help groups. For the full functioning of the activities in the Distt, Field officers/ground level employees of the sericulture department are working to give proper Training and Technical advices to the beneficiaries. Existence of Saja & Arjuna trees in plenty comes under the control of Van Suraksha Samiti, so that in selected Blocks, Baihar, Birsa, Paraswada and Waraseoni the Beneficiaries will be.selected from the members of Van Suraksha Samiti and Tasar Silk worm rearing activities will be conducted and scheme will be implemented through Van Suraksha Samiti which will results suits the rise of self employment of the families of their own protected forest. Marketing: - After Tasar silk worm rearing beneficiaries do not have to wander 56D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc for selling of production. For sale and purchase of Tasar Production (Tasar Cocoon) M.P. Silk federation has established its branch in Balaghat Distt. So that M.P. Silk federation can purchase, total Tasar Production of the beneficiaries at the production spot. After production of Tasar co-coons good quality of Tasar Silk and fabric will be produced in the Distt. There is no problem in the marketing of Tasar product. Employment Generation Though Tasar Sericulture Economics of Tasar Silk Worm Rearing/Beneficiaries/Y ear: - (A) Expenditure: - (Per Beneficiary/Family): S. Particular's Unit Amount Employment No. Generation in Man days 1 650 Healthy D.F.Ls. per Rs. 1.00 per 650.00 Hect. / Family D.F.L. 2 Pruning scretor 1 No. 100.00per No. 100.00 3 Insecticides L/S 50.00 4 Formaline 3 Litre L/S 100.00 MA N Total 900.00 100 DAY S 57D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc (B) Production & Benefit: - S. Particulars of Silk Month Production Rate / Amount No. Worms of Tasar 1000 Cocoon in Nos. 1 Ist crop 200 Tasar June- July 6000 440.00 2640.00 Dfls (30 cocoon per Dfls) 2 IInd Crop 250 Tasar Aug.- Sep 10,000 610.00 6100.00 Dfls (40 cocoon per Dfls) 3 IIIrd Crop 200 Tasar Nov.- 5000 440.00 2200.00 Dfls (25 cocoon per Dec-Jan Dfls) TOTAL 21000 10940.00 NET INCOME / BENEFICIARY / YEAR: 1- In come by sale of Tasar cocoon- Rs. 11000.00 2- Expenditure on Tasar Silk worm D.F.ls (Seed)- Rs. 900.00 3- Net income per year - Rs. 10900.00 4- Total working days in the year - 100 Man-days. It is Proposed that in the selected Blocks 1000 families will be benefited in 3 years in the Dist. Detailed project at a glance and financial requirement under RSVY plan attached, Annexure 11. 4.2 Weaving activity Balaghat Distt. is rich in Weaver's Pocket. The Main weaver's pockets are Waraseoni, Hatta, Mehandiwada, Ervaghat, Bonkatta, Dhanitola, and Beni 58D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc in the Dist. The weavers are Traditional Bunker of Cotton Sarees, but due to lack of sale of their production and having no support available from govt. agencies have left their Jobs and for their lively hood they have turned in other jobs and some have left their Place too for employment. To continue the weaving of Traditional saree and generate the employment by weaving, two types of weaving schemes are proposed i.e. Silk weaving activity & Cotton weaving activity in the Distt. under R.S.V.Y. (B) Silk weaving scheme: - (1) The production of mulberry & Tasar both type of Silk Yarns in the Distt. will be utilized in the production of the Silky Silk Sarees & Other dress material on 35 Handlooms and will generate the employment in the distt. Thus, the Traditional weavers will get the employment. (2) In Balaghat Distt.3000 Kg. mulberry silk is being produced, and the Tasar Cocoon production will be about 25.00 Lac. Under this Silk x Silk weaving activity Mulberry Silk x Tasar Silk, Mulberry silk x Mulberry silk, Mulberry silk x Cotton, Tasar Silk x Cotton Types of Sarees, ladies garments, Malmal, Dress material will be got printed and Hand work like Kadai to make the cloths good looking and increase the sell in the market. (B) Cotton weaving activity: Appart from silk weaving, Cotton x Cotton cloth will also be produced in 65 Handlooms under the cotton weaving scheme. It is proposed to 59D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc produce Bed sheets, Curtein cloths, Shirting and supply of cloth such as Verdi cloths, Hospital bed sheet, green cloths, Cotton Bandage, Childrendress cloth under R.S.V.Y. The market is available for above production so that there is less problem for the sell to weavers of their production & they will get employment throughout the year in the Distt. Main object of the weaving activity: (1) To generate the self-employment of 250 weavers in the Distt. This will generate nearly 90000 man days of employment (2) To use the distt,'s silk yarn production in the distt itself. (3) To provide the good quality silk cloth to the consumers within the distt. (4) To make available the govt. supply cloth in the distt. by weavers of the distt. (5) To keep forward the distt. in the production of silk weaving. Financial support to weavers : - This scheme provides Rs. 23756/- per weaver family for raw matarial and better handloom machines. weavers will form SHGs and for marketing. Training: - The Training is required to the weavers for the production of good quality fabrics. This Training can be given under Kaushal Unnayan Yojna. and RSVY project plan. 05 Fisheries Activity: - 60D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 50 families will be benifited by this scheme at the unit cost of Rs. 55,000/- per family as below:- 1) Socking of Fingerlings: Socking of fingerlings in dam and reservoir have been proposed through formation groups with the object of fish production. 2) Distribution of Fishing Nets: Distribution of fishing nets to groups have been proposed to utilize the production in this field. 3) Making of Fishing Net: Making of fishing net will, as envisaged in the plan, will help provide additional employment to the fishermen on the hand and help facilitate the catching of fish and other. This activity is supposed to benefit 50 Nos. of fishermen families during 3 years span. 06 Horticulture activity :- Under RSVY programme has been proposed by department according to which plantation of fruits plants in 0.1 hectors area on the proposal land of the beneficiaries along with vegetable production programme masala, medicinal, flower programme in kharif & Rabi, season as per as factors will be carried out. Facilities given by Horticulture department:- Department under the technical guidance can facilitate the beneficiaries with plantation material, vegetable seeds & other seeds from nurseries. Seeds will also provide from different registered institutions 61D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc According to proposed plan, beneficiaries are to be inspired toward the horticultural crops and development of traditional “ Badi” near their residential areas, so that along with the fully utilization of their labour & get regular income. 6.1 Fruit & Vegetable production:- Objectives Utilization of the land by the plantation of fruits plants along with the production of vegetables in the near by “ Badi” of the beneficiaries. To give rise to the new sources of income by selling the extra product in the market out of the total crop production. Fulfilling of the nutritious ingredients through green vegetables. Treatment of environment near the resident area to the beneficiaries through vegetable production. Treatment in the level of traditional food. Expected Outcome Full utilization of available land & water. Growth of the economic conditions of beneficiaries. New chance of employment will rise. Improvement in environmental conditions through fruit plant plantation. Stoppage of migration of the farmers from the district. 62D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc In place of traditional food, enhanced availability of nutritious items and micronutrients to the beneficiaries. Probability of increase in the potential industries based on fruit/ vegetable conservation and value addition. Proper utilization of labour of beneficiaries. 6.2 Medicinal and Aromatic plant cultivation:- Some cultivators in district are already cultivating medicinal plants at their agriculture field. Due to high demand and better prices of medicinal plants produces, we are provided medicinal plants cultivation activity in RSVY plan. 3000 families will get regular and attractive income from this activity. A package worth Rs. 3000/- per family is providing in this plan. Medicinal plants like safed Musali, Nagarmotha, Butch, Satawar, Bramhi palmarize grass etc. will be cultivated by farmers. Marketing of medicinal plants is not critical, M.P. Laghu Vanopaj Co-operative Sangh will purchase these produces. 07 Handicraft Promotion:- Distt. has addli natural resources but due to lack of knowledge, illiteracy, increase population and unstretegy of development, the economical progress is very low. Heavy Forest Coverage has bamboo, Tick, Sessal and other valuable trees which could be beneficial to handycraft promotion in district. For upliftment of this activity for generating income to rural poor people we will prepare a valuable plant under RSVY scheme and i.e. “Rural Industrial Development Scheme”. 63D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 1. Objectives :- (1) Create awareness and interest about craft activity. (2) Create employment through craft promotion. (3) Use of Natural Resources. (4) Protect the traditional craft business and extend it. (5) Make availability of useful craft to users. (6) Economical upliftment of craftsman. 2. Work will be taken : (1) Wood Craft :- Under this general wood and teak wood will be used for making wooden arts and furniture. (2) Jute and Sessal Craft :- Will produce fibers of sessal and Jute and make dolls, bags, purses, mats, door mats, etc. (3) Paper Craft : Use of Polythine is dangerous to humoun health and environment. To avoid this provision will be taken to make envelopes and boxes etc. by waste papers. 3. Provisions of Funds :- For this activity working capital etc Rs. 32381/- will be provided to each beneficiary for purchasing of raw material etc. Total Rs. 35.62 lacs will be spend in following manners :- 1. Expenditure on basic training Rs. 6.71 lacs. 2. Improvement of skills Rs. 6.26 lacs. 3. Subsidy on Tool Kits Rs. 3.00 lacs 4. Working Capital Rs 4.50 lacs. 5. Research and development Rs. 6.00 lacs. 64D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 6. Marketing Provision Rs 6.00 lacs. 7. Administrative Expenditure Rs. 3.15 lacs. ___________________________________________________________ Total Rs. 35.62 lacs. ___________________________________________________________ At the first stage, the implementing agency will identify the cluster and arrangements will be made to motivate the artisans of selected G.P‟s. The artisans of these selected G.P‟s will be made aware of the prospects in the handicraft etc. For this, self-help group will be formed and formation of economically viable enterprises will also be done. Arrangements will also be made to increase the skill level of artisan beneficiaries and extensive training will be given to the beneficiaries, as per market demand to increase the production. Proposal has also been made to conduct and organize design & technology inputs, practical will be made in the workshops for sample development, also the staff deployed for giving training to the beneficiaries. Along with these, a market readiness fund (margin money) will be formed to act as a non-corpus fund and access to institutional finance. With this an ambasadorial shop will be set up to not only supply tools and kits to 110 artisans during training, but also to provide marketing facilities on permanent basis to the artisans of selected G.P.‟s. 08 Construction of Industries Growth centre shade: - 65D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Earlier artisans have to face certain difficulties, regarding the resources, finishing of craft work and trade, they had to wander from place to place to deal with such problems. So as to cope up with such problems, establishment of 40 industrial shades at selected block as business Resource Centre (BRC) of worth Rs. 32.00 Lakhs has been proposed, access point for entrepreneurs, exporters, NGO‟s and other wholesale agencies for direct procurement. The centre will also function as a production point and will prove to be a guide for the artisans for trade purposes. Marketing:- The office of the district Industry centre and Zila Panchayat will take the responsibility of executing all the components referred to above out of the above funding, the above office would provide financial and technical assistance in the form of holding exhibitions, craft market, expose, availability of space in dilli hat/ urban hat, publicity etc. 09 Bicycles for Women SHGs:- About 1000 female SHGs will be formed for their income generation through animal husbandry, craft promotion, fishery, tasar silk weaving, horticulture activity etc. But transport of product from field to market will still not be carried out there. For salving it provision of bicycles to women SHGs is taken in this plan. With the help of bicycle they can transport their products in proper time to market place without any fear. 66D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 10 Mini Rice Mills:- Balaghat district is rice producing area of M.P. state. But rice mills are established only at block level places and create problems to small farmers. The middleman takes benefit of this problem and peoples are not getting proper price of their peddy production. For salving this problem of 50 mini rice mills will be established throughout the selected areas of RSVY and they will be run by 50 SHGs. Per unit cost of mini rice mill, will be Rs. 2.70 lakh and approximately 2.00 lakh population will get benefit from this activity. 11 Bio gas Plant:- District has vast population of cattle & buffaloes & peoples are not using their dung properly. Insufficient electricity and fuel is common problems of district. To remove this problem about 2000 Biogas plants will be established in RSVY selected Gram panchayat areas. Provision of Rs. 120.00 lakh is taken in this plan. About 0.73 lakh Qts wood fuel will be saved every year by this activity. The used dung will also be utilized in Vermi-compost pits for production of bio-fertilizers. 67D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc PART-III PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURES 01 Electrification of unelectrified villages: - At present 97 villages are unelectrified in the Balaghat Distt.and 8% of entire district. These villages are situated in dense forest. In RSVY project we have plan to achieve the target of 100% electrification in Balaghat distt. In first phase from 97 unelectrified villages, 41 villages are taken in the scheme. The total estimated cost of electrification is Rs. 529.01 lakhs. The block and villages wise details are enclosed with (Annexure 8) 02 Infrastructure facilities for Horticulture:- In this segment for storage of fruit & vegetable, some infrastructure will be established in this plan & i.e. temporary storage hall at different village levels. Because the prices of fruits & vegetables are better in Market day there the other days. So storage facilities are essential. 10 Temporary storage halls will be constructed in 3 blocks and expenditure will be Rs 6.0 lakhs as below:- S.N Name of Name of No Unit Estimated Mandays o Block Work cost Cost generated (Rs (Rs lakhs) lakhs) 1. Birsa Temporary 4 0.60 2.40 2180 storage hall 2. Baihar ,, 3 0.60 1.80 1635 3. Paraswada ,, 3 0.60 1.80 1635 Total 10 0.60 6.00 5450 68D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 03 Minor Irrigation Structures: - 3.1 Small water harvesting tank/ stop dams: Excavation of water harvesting tank has been proposed in selected 100 naxal affected villages to serve the dual need viz., providing Irrigation water to the farmers and to conserve moisture. 40 nos. of tanks/ stop dams costs Rs. 400.00 lakhs will be implemented during span of 3 years with irrigation potential of 775 acres. The cost per acre will be Rs 58000/-. 3.2 Construction of open Dugwells: Construction of medium dia-dugwell has been proposed with the object to provide supplementary Irrigation during Kharif season and assured Irrigation during Rabi. 400 nos. of dug-wells worth Rs 200 lakhs will be constructed during the entire plan period, which will create Irrigation potential in 8300 acres, out of which 5000 acres will be brought under double crop area. 04 Road, Pullia, Electrification & Improved Chullah:- At present there has been shortage of basic facilities in the district, many of the grams are not inter connected. Main reason for this is the undulation of the region, also there is shortage of pullias (short bridges) for the reaching points due to plenty of rivers and nallahs. Also electrification has been affected due to division of Grams in Hamlets. Percentage of road connectivity is 87.50% and that of electrification is 95.21%. To fullfil this gap development of 69D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc infrastructure is needed. It is also to be noticed that environmental balance is disturbed due to unnecessary deforestation by the poor villagers in search of the fuel for their kitchen, and also smoke from the traditional kitchen is a hazard on women‟s health. In the selected G.P. provision have been made for the construction of Roads, Pullias and electrification (Annexure 6 & 8) along with implementation of improved chullas for the safety of both forest and health, for this an amount (Annexure 1) has been provisioned, to yield the expected results. Due to better road connection, people will find easy the selling of their income generating products, through better electrification people will be free from the fear of snake bitting at the night time. 05 Health facilities infrastructure & Child Development For better health of men and animals health facilities must be in their field. Under RSVY plan there are provisions of health center buildings, medicine and equipments. For human health sector we will provide construction of one P.H.C. building worth Rs. 15.00 lakhs, 50 sub health centers-cum- anganwadi buildings worth Rs 250.00 lakhs, and medicinal equipment‟s worth Rs 29.00 lakhs for better health facilities. (Annexure 9 & 10) 70D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 06 Veterinary health infrastructure:- For better while revolution in RSVY areas we will provide better veterinary health facilities i.e. construction of Vety. Dispensary. Artificial insemination center buildings, equipments and establishment of proper Vety. Mobile unit. In this connection we will construct 20 vet. Dispensaries- AI centre building worth Rs. 60 lakhs and purchase of mobile health vehicle worth Rs 6.0 lakhs and provision of equipments cost Rs. 11.80 lakhs also for better animal health facilities. (Annexure 12 ) 07. Communication Facilities : For better upliftment of knowledge & skill to rural people it is necessary to generate capability of them & It will through providing time totime audio-visual informations to them. For it we will provided cetcom / ku band uplink facilities by T.V. receiver dish. Provisions of 100 T.V. sets & receivers at 100 gram pahchayats will be made under this scheme. The cost will be Rs. 115 lakhs. 08 Improvement of Village Markets: - Presentaly the status of village market are inconvinient to byers and sallers in the district, For proper planing and conviniencey of peoples, provisions are taken to improvement of 6 village market in naxal affected blocks. Total Rs. 60.00 lakhs will be provide in RSVY Scheme. By income generating activities SHGs will produce different 71D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc type of product and sell to other people in these improved market places. 09 Craft – Market : - After production of various craft produces, marketing is the main problem. To evacuate this problem we will provide a craft market or emporium at Mukki (Kanha National Park) or at district headquarter cost Rs. 8.28 lakhs under this scheme. ] 10. Seed Bank :- Balaghat district is predominantly agricultural proven district. At the time of seeding at field, non availability of better seeds is the main problem. To execute this problem provision of seed bank will be taken in this scheme. 10 seed bank worth Rs. 27.50 lakh will provide better seeds to agriculture farmers. 11. Establishment of Hand pumps :- Polable drinking water is the main problem of our villages and towns. The tribal peoples are leaved in scattered habited. This creates drinking water problems. In this plan we provide 256 hand pumps in different habited of naxal affected villages. Establishment of hand pump will cost Rs. 102.40 lakhs (Annexure 7) 72D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 08. Project Abstract and Provisions. The above activities have come out of the major development issues of Balaghat district. Some of these activities are already being carried out by the district authorities from various departmental funds, Some of these activities are being proposed to be taken up to tender the 'Sam Vikas Yojana', Still some such activities have also been mentioned which do not fall under the preview of RSVY, but are essential for the regional development. These activities will be integrated / linked to other sources. The details of the activities proposed under RSVY are as under: 3 year Action plan for RSVY- Distt. Balaghat A. Instructure Development: - (Rs in Lakhs) S. Activity Unit Est. 3 year planning Estimated N. (Rs.) Cost benefit/ beneficiary 1st 2nd 3rd year year year 1 Roads connectivity - 1226.00 410.00 408.00 408.00 90 villages 2 Construction of Industry 0.8 32.00 - 32.00 - 40 No. Growth Centre shade 3 A.I. Centre & vety Dis. 3.59 71.80 23.94 23.93 23.93 20 Building buildings 4 Mobile Unit (vety.) - 6.00 6.00 - - 1 No. 5. Anganwadi cum SHC 5.00 250.00 100.00 100.00 50.00 50 No. Buildings 6. P.H.C. building 15 15.00 - 15.00 - 1 No. 7. Medicine, equipments - 29.00 29.00 - - 8. Construction of chilling - 70.00 - 70.00 - 1 No. centre 9. Strengthening of Milk - 25.00 10.00 5.00 10.00 50 Societies Societies 10 Electricity connectivity - 529.01 129.01 200.00 200.00 41 village 73D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 11 Percolation tank 1.00 200.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 200 No. 12 Dugwells 0.50 200.00 50.00 50.00 100.00 400 No. 13 Communication facilities 1.15 115.00 55.00 50.00 10.00 100 G.P. 14 Improvement of village 10 60.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 6 No. market 15 Establishment of hand - 102.40 22.40 40.00 40.00 256 HP pump 16 Irrigation ponds - 612.68 212.68 200.00 200.00 50 No. 17 School Buildings - 68.25 28.25 20.00 20.00 19 No. Total 3612.13 1196.28 1283.93 1131.93 B. Income generating Activities: - S. Activity Unit Est. 3 year planning Estimated N. (Rs.) Cost benefit/ beneficiary 1st 2nd 3rd (SHG based) year year year 1 Fruits & vegetable 3000 30.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 1000 families production 2 Medicinal plant 3000 90.00 30.00 30.00 30.00 3000 fami. production 3 Sericulture 5470 41.02 15.00 15.00 11.02 750 fami. 4 Weaving 23756 59.39 20.00 20.00 19.39 250 Fami. 5 Piggery Units 16400 41.00 15.00 10.00 16.00 250 fami. 6 Breeding buck 3300 33.00 11.00 11.00 11.00 1000 fami. Units 7 Poultry Units 910 9.10 3.00 3.00 3.10 1000 fami. 8 Dairy Units 30000 300.00 100 100 100 1000 fami. 9 Handicraft 32381 35.62 15.62 10.00 10.00 110 fami. promotion 10 Improved chullah 250/- 25.00 10.00 10.00 5.00 10000 fami. 11 Mini Rice mills 2.70 67.50 22.50 22.50 22.50 250 fami. 12 Bicycle for women 4000 40.00 10.00 20.00 10.00 1000 SHG. SHG 13 Fisheries activities 55000 55.00 15.00 20.00 20.00 50 fami. 14 Lac cultivation etc. - 153.81 50.00 50.00 53.81 5000 famil. 74D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 15 Vermi compost pit 5000 200.00 100.00 50.00 50.00 4000 famil. 16 Bio gas plant 6000 60.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 1000 famil Total 1240.44 447.12 401.50 391.82 29660 families C. Capacity Building and Administrative expenditure 1 (i) Training, field 750/- 28.50 13.50 10.00 5.00 3800 demonstration & famili-es exposure (ii) Training of 9100/- 136.50 50.00 50.00 36.50 1500 youth Youths for six per professional trades youth 1500 people (iii) Awareness 1000/- 15.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 through self per employment people development programme 2 Administrative - 62.00 22.00 20.00 20.00 - expenditure, monitory, evaluation, survey, mobilization and awareness etc. Total 242.00 90.50 85.00 66.50 Grand 4094.57 1733.90 1770.43 1590.25 Total 75D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- vI BENCHMARK SURVEYS, MONITORING AND CONCURRENT EVALUATION district- BALAGHAT, M.P. 76D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 6.0 Project Management Project activities will be implemented through community and village organisations in 1176 villages of 514 Gram Panchayats of 10 development blocks in the district. In the present form of decentralisation in Madhya Pradesh, the Zila Panchayat plays an important role. In view of the crucial role of the Zila Panchayat in the process of decentralisation, attempt has been made to ensure and maximize the role of Zila Panchayat in project related decisions and its implementation. The DRDA/Zila Panchayat would therefore, be the overall in-charge of the project. A special cell will be created within DRDA which will monitor the development activities. The following table shows selection of RSVY area in the district. (Annexure 2) Table : Area under RSVY plan Distt. Balaghat. No. Name of No. of Gram No. of Population Block Panchayat Villages 1 Birsa 58 155 94574 2 Paraswada 51 171 83819 3 Baihar 56 160 81032 4 Kirnapur 78 149 142657 5 Lanji 76 167 147337 6 Khairlanji 30 43 67825 7 Katangi 30 66 62362 8 Waraseoni 30 40 69636 9 Balaghat 75 169 145481 10 Lalbarra 30 56 57906 Total 514 1176 9,52,629 77D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc The area specific execution of the programme will be taken up through the community-based organisation like village development committees/programme specific development committees under the overall supervision of the Gram Panchayats/ Janpad Panchayats. The NGOs will also have a fare share in this ambitious development project.It is proposed that the capacity building component will be directly dealt by the NGOs, who have expertise in the participatory human resource development. In addition the local NGOs having grass-root presence shall also be invited to participate in supervision and execution of the programme in selected pockets. SPECIAL ATTENTION FOR NAXAL AFFECTED AREAS District Balaghat is highly affected with Naxal movement particularly 6 blocks out of total 10 blocks. They are Baihar, Birsa, Paraswada, Balaghat, Kirnapur & Lanji blocks. In these 6 blocks 100 villages are highly affected with naxal movement (Annexure 3). The pattern of increased naxal movement in area, the main factors are unemployment and low productivity of agricultural land which increases social heresy of people from Government sides. To evacuate these problems of men and lands, special provisions will be taken from RSVY project. In most affected 100 naxal villages, productivity of land 78D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc will be increased by soil & water conserving structures like gully plugs, C.P.T.,C.P.W. Afforestation, nalla bandhan, percolation tanks, irrigation tanks, stop dams and dug wells. For awareness of Government schemes and knowledge, special provisions of communication facility like provision of Dish T.V. will also be taken in these villages. Total provisions for these activities will be Rs. 1435.98 lakhs under RSVY. For income generation of people of 100 naxal villages, 10 SHGs will be selected from each gram panchayat. Infrastructure work like road connectivity, electric connectivity etc. will be taken on priority. Provisions of allocation will be as per norms. 79D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 07 Priority Sectors The proposed activities based on the aspirations of the local tribals emerged during various stakeholders meetings and out of the local needs are integrated here as under. It may be mentioned here that not all these activities are budgeted under the proposal as in case of some activities, finance will be linked from outside. (a) Agriculture and Allied Activities As majority of the tribes are occupied mainly in agricultural occupations, therefore, the solutions to their problems lie only in improvement / upgradation of these occupations. The specific activities, which have been taken up under the project component are: (i) Land improvement like, gullyplugs, water bodies and contour trenches so as to increase the productivity of the land by recharging rainwater. (ii) Irrigation by creation of dams, wells and storage tanks, etc. (iii) Agricultural improvement package, which includes vemicompost, Biogas etc. (iv) Animal husbandry including genetic upgradation of local cattle, pig‟s goats and poultry and provision of marketing. Constructions of chilling centres and formation of milk societies. (v) Stall. feeding of animals. Silage system of preserving fodder. (vi) HortIculture development, including fruit, vegetable cultivation and medicinal plant cultivation. (vii) Promotion to inland fishery in the farmponds, nistar talabs and nallahs, rivers, 80D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc etc. (viii) Sericulture promotion activities. (ix) Lac cultivation and other forest produce for income generation. (x) Handicraft promotion activity. (B) Capacity Building Programmes Certain specialised skills are existing among some caste like Panikas and Kosta are traditional weavers, Basods prepare decorative bamboo items. These schemes like handloom, handicrafts, etc can be taken up for further skills of management and marketing. Improvement in the functioning of the Panchayati Raj Institutions is another important component. Various functional committee members need be trained in their respective functioning and duties. Further, training will be needed from time to time be identified under the proposed activities. (C) Basic Infrastructure Development Programme Much of the rural Madhya Pradesh is badly lacking in both physical and social infrastructure. This has a direct impact on welfare because in the absence of basic services i.e., health, education, nutrition, communication etc suffer. The problem will have to be tackled at the sespective levels: The actual infrastructure development programme execution, which include potable drinking water, electricity, sanitation, transport, irrigation, school & Anganwadi buildings etc. One of the major shortcomings in the villages is inadequate storage facility. 81D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Wherever marketable surplus among both agriculture and forest produce becomes available, community storage facilities should be built into the village infrastructure. provision of improved chullah. 82D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 09. Planing Methodology: - 9.1 Project Administration: - Institutional Structure Project will have 3-tier structure for facilitation and coardination in district:- A. District level, (1) Project will be coordinated and monitored by District Planning Committee (DPC), which is headed by Minister incharge of the concerned district. The district Collector, ZP Chairperson and representatives of Z.P. and urban bodies, will conduct regular meetings quarterly in a year and will deal with the district level policies. (2) Capacity development of people associated with the project will be stressed. At the district level, a core group will be developed which will be responsible for capacity development of project people at various levels. Involvement of expert NGOs has also been sought here. (3) District Collector and CEO Z.P. will play an important role at district level in the project. Since the allocation of money in this programme is not for a predetermined activity. It will be disbursed on the basis of sub-project made as per the needs and demands. It is possible that a number of proposals would be received. Efforts have been made to make the district and cluster units multi- sectoral. In spite of this, coordination and convergence of activities of various departments at district level is necessary. (4) CEO, ZP who is the nodal officer for the Project, will call regular meetings of 83D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc the District project Committee every month for the purpose of monitoring and Coordinating the project will operate through a District project Unit (DPU). This Committee would be headed by the Collector and would include district heads of line departments. (5) DPU has an important role in supporting the decision-makers with information, facts and figures, It will prepare, all the base documents for the DPC for it to deliberate. The CEO would be assisted by a small group of officers (3-4) for the above purpose. (6) DPU coordinates all the field activities. It does normal tracking, supplying expert help and disburse money for the community groups to take up activities. (7) DPU is responsible for the growth and development of the skills and perspectives of the PT leaders and members, so that they are well equipped to fulfill the project objectives and district vision. C. Block level, (1) Project will be coordinated and monitored by Janpad Plarming Committe (BPC), which will conduct regular monthly meetings. The Committee will consist of Janpad Adhyaksh, Member of Janpad belonging to project areas, Sarpanches, VDC representative or Grar Sabha representatives from the project villages and project officers. (2) Project implimentation agency: - Project will have an implementation team called Project Team that will be headed by a Project Officer who will be a IInd 84D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc class Officer/Class 111 level officer (Executive). Project Team will be a multisectoral team, with members from different line Departments, and may be on deputation to the Project. The PTs have following roles: Create favourable environment in its cluster villages. Prepare list of families through wealth ranking and conducting base line survey. Support community people in the formation of SHGs. Help the SHGs to formulate proposals for activities to be undertaken by them. Help SHGs access technical support when needed. Help SHGs in establishing linkages with the banks, government offices, markets and mandis, etc. Environment clearances. Ensure need-based training of SHGs and VDC. Monitoring. Documentation of experiences and processes. (3) The PTs should support SHGs- in such processes, which would enable villagers to identify their problems, set priorities for the solution of these problems, and view and think about the development of their villages in the forthcoming years. D. Village level, 85D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Gram Sabha will be the nodal body and will also sanction the sub-projects. Village Development Committee (VDC) will look after the implementation of infrastructure related activities. E. NGOs, The project management is open to the idea of involvement of NGOs at any stage of the project subject to availability of such NGOs in the district. 86D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Institutional Structure Strategic Level Members Role Steering Chairman: Development Co-ordination, Committee at Commissioners Policy Direction, the State Level Members: Monitoring and Principal Secretary, Learning Coordinating, Planning Policy Direction, PS Finance, Collectors & District Planning District Level Monitoring and the CEO ZPs of Balaghat Committee Coordination, Selection on Learning checklist, basis of positive Nominated Representative District Project Unit direction, monitoring & learning of Civil Society Chairman Collector, Nodal officer CEO, ZP and line deptt. Members, Head CEO, ZP+ Officers Nominated representatives of civil society, nominated members from NGOs Fund Flow, Janpad President, Janpad members of the area, tracking, meeting Block Level Sarpanch/ VDC/ Village member Project Officer Coordination, Policy Direction, and Official of relevant Department and data Learning, Monitoring and Selection of cluster collection Project Execution Team Nodal Officer- Project Officer, Line department, Nominated Village Development Implementation representative of Committee of infrastructure civil society Village Level with help of line Gram Sabha department Administrative sanctions Overall Supervision Self Help Groups/ Implementation Common Interest Groups of IGA 87D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 8.2: Funds Flow and Components: Project will have three broad components. Project fund will be distributed among the three components in the following manner. Component Proportion of fund Income generating activities 35% Infrastructure activities 60% Capacity Building 5% (and including all interest accrued) Out of 60% of the fund allocated for infrastructure activities, Community can implement activities for at least 15% while rest will be dealt by the District Project Unit (DPU) directly with assistance from line departments. For all Income generating activities and Infrastructure activities, contribution of 5% would be essential. Total funds available for the project will be disbursed in Income Generating Activities Infrastructure activities and Capacity Building in 35: 60:05 proportion respectively. Project will cover 514 G.P. out of total 665 Gram Panchayats in the district whereby 42160 families will be benefited and 3303061 mandays will be generated by infrastructure construction works. 88D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Funds Flow Chart Line department for Infrastructure District Gram Kosh for Project Infrastructur Unit e SHGs Project Team NGOs for Capacity Building, Monitoring etc 89D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 10. Implementation strategies and monitoring of the projects The Plan under RSVY will be implemented within 3 years span. It is estimated that the projects of each year will be completed within the same plan year through active assistance of various implementing agencies like Panchayats, N.G.O.s and various line Departments. The works will be taken up on the basis of estimates to be prepared by various technical Departments. It is mentioned that selection of agencies for execution of schemes will be made finally after discussion in DPC. While selecting such agencies following principles will be emulated: - a) All tiers of Panchayat (viz Z.P., J.P. and G.P.) will be vested with responsibilities of execution of labour intensive -programmes in the field of excavation and re-excavation of minor irrigation tanks, pisciculture through formation of groups, social forestry and horticulture in Private as well as vested lands etc. b) The selected NGOs will be entrusted with the task of awareness building in 90D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc Agriculture, Health and Family Welfare, Pisciculture and Animal Husbandry programmes etc. They will also be involved in the process of execution in the special field of development like, Watershed development, Soil and Moisture conservation measures, Health and Family welfare etc. NGOs expertise will be applied in the practical field in the chosen areas. c) The schemes which require high technical/professional expertise like augmentation and energisation of other schemes, augmentation of construction of roads, electricity connectivity, major irrigation schemes, Roads in forest areas, running of mobile health clinic, reeling of tassar, setting up of compost pit etc will be implemented through Line Departments. For effective monitoring and supervision of the projects a monitoring cell in district will be formed where the representatives of District Administration, Panchayats, NGOs and Line Departments will be there. The computer network and online management system will keep a close vigil on the day-to-day progress of works. Linkage with other Schemes: - At present for infrastructure development and income generation, many Schemes are running in district i.e. PMGSY, SGRY, watershed development, SGSY etc. But budgetary of district (Annexures enclosed) . So by this plan we will link RSVY to other running schemes for better development of district. 91D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA CHAPTER- vII ANNEXURES district- BALAGHAT, M.P. 92D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc 93D:\Docstoc\Working\pdf\edac4336-62d6-4b9a-ac2f-c74aff641335.doc