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					 RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
        YOJANA
       2004-2007

      SUBMITTED TO :
   PLANNING COMMISSION
      GOVT. OF INDIA




 COLLECTOR BALAGHAT, M.P.
            &
ZILA PANCHAYAT BALAGHAT,
           M.P.
                              INDEX

Chapter Subject                                                 Page No.
        Foreword
        Map of District
01      District Background                                      1.1 – 1.4
02      Introduction & Resource inventory                          1 – 15
03      SWOT analysis & Identification of Critical gaps           16 – 24
04      Objectives                                                25 – 27
05      Project Details                                           28 – 59
06      Benchmark Surveys, Monitoring and Concurrent              60 – 75
        Evaluation
07                              Annexure
        Annexure- 1 Three year action plan-
        Annexure- 2 List of selected gram panchayats
        Annexure- 3 List of most sensitive naxal affected 100 villages
        Annexure- 4 Physical resource from other schemes- financial
        Annexure- 5 Physical resource from other schemes- physical
        Annexure- 6 Road connectivity
        Annexure- 7 Veterinary health
        Annexure- 8 Health & Woman & chiled welfare
        Annexure- 8(A) List of SHC & Anganwadi
        Annexure- 9 Irrigation
        Annexure- 10 Education
        Annexure- 10(A) List of Renovation of School Buildings
        Annexure- 11 Fruits & Vegetable Production
        Annexure- 11(A) Plantation of Medicinal plants
        Annexure- 11(B) Abstract of Horticultural activity
        Annexure- 12 Sericulture & Weaving activity
        Annexure- 13 RSVY project summary
                                FOREWORD



      Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) has been envisaged to

address the problems of low agricultural productivity, unemployment and

to fill critical gaps in physical and social infrastructure.

      We have attempted to prepare a plan for RSVY in consultation

with THE representatives of Panchayati Raj institutions and NGOs of

Balaghat.

      Balaghat is a backward district with forests covering half the

geographical area of the district. The strains and obstacles constraining

growth have been identified with the help of people's participation.

      The district plan of Balaghat for the year 2004-2007 has been

prepared having activities of various departments. The District Planning

Committee (D.P.C.) has approved this plan and also, after discussion, has

been finalized by the State Planning Commission.

      The proposed plan under RSVY will be complimentary to the

District plan and, naturally, would be on additional to the existing source

of funds for the development of the District.


      In all the 10 blocks of the district, a cluster of Naxal affected Gram

Panchayats has been proposed to be taken under RSVY. Various

indicators have been used to shortlist these Gram Panchayats, so that they

generally represent the most backward and poor area within a Block.
      Being an agricultural area with dense forest in some parts,

emphasis has been given on agricultural and allied activities. As

expected, the agricultural practices are primitive with low productivity.

Areas having irrigation facility and double-cropped fields have been

excluded from this project. Villages having poor water table condition

have been included. Requisite surveys like individual family survey,

hydrological, vegetation, socio-economic status has been carried out.

Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) exercise would be undertaken before

commencement of work in all villages.


      The project document proposal under RSVY for Balaghat is being

submitted for approval. The Zila Panchayat, Balaghat (D.R.D.A. is a part

of it) has the requisite technical knowledge & experience to implement

the programme.




                                            (Sachin Sinha, IAS)
                                      Collector and District Magistrate
                                               Balaghat, M.P.
RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
       YOJANA




      CHAPTER- I

     BACKGROUND




district- BALAGHAT, M.P.
RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
       YOJANA




      CHAPTER- Ii

 resource inventory




district- BALAGHAT, M.P.
                  Rashtriya Sam Vikash Yojana
                     Balaghat District M.P.


1. Introduction

         Balaghat is the south - eastern district of Madhya Pradesh

  State. Though, this district is well connected by road and rail with

  the major cities of the state as well as the country; it is still

  characterized as backward district for its geographical location,

  tropical climate, undulating land structure, low agricultural

  productivity, predominance of tribal population, low literacy rate

  and poor socio-economic condition of people. Naxalite movements

  also affect the district.

         Moreover, this district is affected by drought almost every

  alternate year. During drought years the spot water sources as well

  as surface water projects get dried up, ground water table goes

  down, prospects of agriculture become bleak and large no. of

  people face terrible hardships due to unemployment and inadequate

  income opportunities.

         Keeping the above factors in view Planning Commission has

  decided to select Balaghat district for implementation of special

  type of development activities. This new programme is christened

  as Rashtriya Sam Vikash Yojana (RSVY), which is an incentive

  to the backward district like Balaghat. The fund available under
      this programme will be utilized for implementation of various

      development activities in the sphere of Agriculture, Soil

      conservation, Veterinary, Horticulture, Agricultural allied schemes,

      Irrigation, Forest, Health and Education, Infrastructure Building

      etc. The schemes will be implemented through various line

      departments, Panchayat establishment and NGOs. Before going in

      to the details of the plan prepared under this programme we should

      go into details about the basic features of this district.

2.    Basic Features of the District

2. 1. Location & Area

              Balaghat district is located in the southeastern side of

      Madhya Pradesh. This district is in between north latitude 21°30'

      and south latitude 21°20‟ and 79°30' west longitude and 81°5' east

      longitude. The total geographical area of the district is 9229 sq.

      kms. Out of which the Urban and Rural areas are 15% and 85%

      respectively.

2.2   Administration

              The district headquarter is situated at Balaghat town (22°40'

      north    latitude   and   80°12'    east   longitude)    having   eight

      administrative sub-divisions viz. Balaghat, Waraseoni, Lalburra,

      Baihar, Lanji, Katangi, Kirnapur and Khairlanji. There are 10

      Development Blocks, 665 Gram panchayats and 1371 villages.
2.3   Topography

             Geologically the region of Balaghat distinct is over lined by

      basaltic lava flow of Deccan trap formation. The district is

      characterized by undulating topography with rugged hilly terrains

      in the northern and southern parts. General elevation of the land

      surface ranges from 150 m to 300 m, the master slope being

      towards the east and south- east.

2.4   Soil

             Soil is formed by weathering of parent rocks, which are

      metamorphic associated with dominant minerals like mangnese,

      copper, coal and bauxite etc. Soils of undulated uplands are

      shallow, gravelly, coarse textured, well drained having low water

      holding capacity.

2.5   Climate

             Balaghat district is situated within the semi-arid region of the

      state. The district is situated within the agro-climatic region of

      Eastern satpura plateau and east of Kymore Hills. The district has a

      sub-tropical climate and is characterized by high evaporation and

      low perception. Average annual rainfall varies between 1000 and

      1400 mm. The relative humidity is high in monsoon season, being
      75% to 85%. But in hot summer it comes down to 25% to 35%

      Temperature varies over a wide range from 7 ° Celsius in winter to

      46.80 Celsius in the summer.

2.6   Demographic features

            As per 2001 census, total population of the district is

      1497968, out of which 86.6% are residing in rural areas and 13.4%

      are in urban areas. About 51.20% of the populations are males and

      48.80% are female. The percentage of Scheduled Caste and

      Scheduled Tribes are 7.75% and 21.80% Adding OBC population

      this percentage will reach to 75. Total no of BPL families in this

      district is 63.98% (S.C-9.79%, S.T.25.93% & OBC-62.13 %).

            Literacy percentage of this district is 69.26 (excluding 0-6

      years population). The male literacy percentage is 68.8% and

      female literacy percentage is 59.3%. In rural and urban areas the

      literacy percentages are 53.82 and 75.96 respectively.

2.7   Salient Statistics

            Balaghat is one of the most backward districts of Madhya

      Pradesh. The salient data is available for analysis of poverty in

      district. Population density is 162 persons per sq. K.M. Main tribes

      of districts are Gond, Bhil, Baiga, Pardhan, Halba, Halbi, Kandra

      & poraw. Main language of the district is Gondi and Hindi.

            Economy of Balaghat district mainly depends on agriculture
      but only 29.86% of the total land is cultivable. Irrigation is limited

      to only 40% of total cultivable land. This is despite the presence of

      a numerable nallas in the region.

            Main kharif crops are paddy, maize, soyabean, arhar, kodo,

      udad, moong, til and Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, rai, alsi and

      pulses etc. The per capita food grain production in the district was

      300 kg. The functioning of the public distribution system was also

      not satisfactory. There are around 30.71 fair price shops per lakh

      population. The production of cereal was 258 kg per capita. The

      figures for pulses and oil seeds were 16.46 kg and 8.37 kg per

      capita respectively. The average land holding size was 1.35 Acre

      per family.

            About 45.01% families are benefited by electricity, 5%

      families used latrines and 93% families had potable drinking water

      facility. District had 15 petrol pumps.

            There are 4 higher sec. schools, 4 high schools, 35 middle

      schools per lakh population and almost all villages had primary

      schools (1627).     The per capita milk availability is 50 gram,

      which do not fulfill the nutritional requirements of people. About 5

      Veterinary Health Institutes are present on per lakh population.

2.8   Population, employment situation & trends

      The census of 2001 has put population of Balaghat district at just
over 14 lakhs, showing a growth rate of over 24% over the decade.

This puts the annual increase in population at 2.2% per annum.

That is same situation of state. The annual growth rate would

remain in the same order of magnitude for the first few years of

this decade, and persons added in the last two decades would need

jobs or employment.

       As per basic trend of Madhya Pradesh, the Balaghat district

has a very large population depend on agriculture, there is a

gradual casualness of labour, and large number of persons

employed in sectors, which are not of high growth. The challenge

of employment is then not just new jobs, but to make existing

livelihoods stronger and sustainable.

       Having provided information by National sample survey

(NSS) on the level of employment in the district, state and country

are as follow:



  Table – work participation Rate: Balaghat, M.P. and India.

Year       Balaghat                M.P.              All India
        Rural Urban           Rural Urban         Rural Urban
1993-94 48.1   30.8           49.4   31.7         44.4    34.7
1999-00 46.1   29.9           46.2   31.9         41.7    33.7


       Worker – population ratios provided an idea about the

participation of population in economic activity. Above table
      shows the participation rates in rural side higher than Urban in the

      district. Following table shows percentage distribution of workers

      sectors wise.



                                 Year 1999-2000

           S    Sector                         Balaghat        M. P. State
           N                                    district
           1.   Agriculture & allied             79.9              73.6
           2.   Mining & Quarrying                1.4              0.7
           3.   Manufacturing                     7.9              6.4
           4.   Electricity, Water etc.           0.1              0.2
           5.   Construction                      4.2              3.0
           6.   Trade, Hotel and                  2.0              7.1
                Restaurant
           7.   Transport etc.                    1.2               2.2
           8.   Services                          3.3               6.8


2.9   Agriculture

            Balaghat District has mainly agricultural based economy, as

      there is no any major industrial unit existing in the District.

            The Geographical area of the district is 9.24 Lakhs ha. The

      agriculture is being done in 2.75 lakhs ha. Two third area of the

      district is covered with reserve forest. Under cropped area district

      is predominantly as Kharif crop area. The area under Kharif crop is

      2.70 lakhs ha. Whereas the under Rabi is only 0.83 lakh ha. The

      mono cropping shows the unavailability of employment and poor

      condition of the farmers and Agricultural Labours. To enhance the

      economic status of farmers and Agricultural labours, the RSVY
project is being submitted to generate the employment and create

irrigation potential which ultimately increase the productivity and

income of target groups.

                        A. Basic information's

     S.N          Particulars             Area      District   State
     o.                                 (lac.ha.)   %          %
     1        Total geographical          9.24          -      3.00%
              area
     2        Total forest area           5.06       54.76     6.27%
     3        Total fellow land           2.92       31.60     2.83%
     4        Gross cropped area          3.54       38.31     1.68%
     5        Net cropped area            2.75       29.76     1.82%
     6        Double cropped              0.78       8.44
              area
     7        Area under kharif           2.71       29.33
              crops
     8        Area under rabi             0.83        8.98     2.65%
              crops
     9        Irrigated area
              a. Kharif                   1.20       12.98
              b. Rabi                     0.24       2.60
     10       Cropping intensity          129          -


             B. Area and productivity Under Kharif Crops


      S.N        CROP               AREA             PRODUCTIVI
       o.        NAME           (Thousand ha.)             TY
                                                        (Kg./ha.)
                                01-02      02-03     01-02    02-03
         1    Paddy             249.5      247.5     1497      964
         2    Maize              4.5        4.4       983      983
         3    Kodo               12.8       12.7      289      289
         4    Arhar              2.9        2.8      1048     1048
         5    Urd                1.4        1.4       452      361
         6    Moong              0.1        0.1       301      361
         7    Soybean            0.1        0.2       967      967
         8    Til                1.0        1.1       370      378
9   Ramtil   0.1   0.1   236   169
        C.     Area and productivity of Rabi crops

               SL         CROP             AREA            PRODUCTIVITY
               No.        NAME        (Thousand ha.)           (Kg./ha.)
                                       01-02   02-03        01-02     02-03
               1.       Wheat          16.00    16.6         759       759
               2.       Gram            5.5     6.7          549       549
               3.       Pea             0.6     0.7          289       289
               4.       Lentil          0.1     0.1          301       301
               5.       Tiwra           12.6    11.6         419       419
               6.       Mustard         3.4     3.5          512       614
               7.       Linseed         17.0    19.7         217       253
               8.       Sugarcane       1.8     2.3         3998      4331


                     D.       Use of improved variety seed

                S. no       Particulars        2000         2001     2002
                  1        % Of sown area       2%         2.37%      2%


2.10 Irrigation

               Two major irrigation schemes are in the district. The

        Ultimate Potential area of all these schemes is 81221 Hac. The

        district is much potential for irrigation purpose. 8 great rivers flow

        and opportunities of irrigation much higher. The present status of

        irrigation in district is as below.

             Irrigation source wise area and percentage irrigated area

  S.no.        Source       Total irrigated     % Of total         % Total
                                 land         irrigated area        area
    1            2                 3                 4                5
    1          Canal            81221              58.17            23.69
    2          Tube               282              0.20              0.08
               Well
    3          Well             21488              15.39            6.27
    4          Ponds            31000              22.20            9.04
    5    Others         5624                       4.02                1.64
2.11 Land Holding Pattern

         S.N        Area       No. Of farmers             % Of Farmers
          1            2              3                        4
          1.    Less than 1 ha     56631                     18.08
          2.        1-2 ha         69697                     22.25
          3.       >2-4 ha         83063                     26.52
          4.      >4-10 ha         80369                     25.66
          5.       <10 ha          23470                      7.49




 Land Holding Pattern      7.5%
                                           18.1%



               25.7%



                                                   22.3%
                                                           Less than 1 Ha
                                                           1-2 Ha.
                                                           >2-4 Ha.
                           26.5%                           >4-10 Ha
                                                           <10 Ha

2.12 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services

               Most of the population of the district comprises of landless

        labours, small and marginal farmers, Livestock is the back- bone of

        agricultural based economy. Presently department of Animal

        Husbandry of M.P. Govt. providing 15 Veterinary Hospitals, 49

        Veterinary Dispensaries, 03 A.I. Centers, 40 Sub-Centers, 07 Key

        Village Units (K.V.U.), 01 Mobile Unit (at the districts level) 01

        Disease investigation lab, which provides veterinary Services to the
     farmers of 10 blocks. To run these institutions the district has well

     qualified veterinary staff and Para-veterinary staff. 37 milk produce

     societies are functioning throughout the district by SHG group.

            Table: showing Livestock Population in district

    S.no.     Type of      Population     Population            %
             Live stock    in district     in M.P.         Contribution
                                                             in state
     1        Cattle     673501      28046892                  2.40
     2      Buffaloes    135565      10984832                  1.24
     3        Sheep       62174       1139985                  5.45
     4        Goats       84557      10015379                  0.85
     5         Pigs       22429       384240                   5.84
     6       Poultry     247795          -
     Source: The MP Human Development Report 1998 Govt. MP

2.13 Horticulture

            Livelihood promotion by Horticulture activities in the

     district have greater possibility because district has better

     atmosphere, good environmental condition and soil type. Out of

     9.24 lacs hact land 1.44 lakh hact land is irrigated. Presently the

     production areas of different crops are as below: -

       S.No.           Crops               Area production (hact.)
         1             Fruits                       228
         2          Vegetables                     2986
         3          Masala crops                   1042
         4            Flowers                       75
         5         Medicinal crops                  25


2.14 Health And Family Welfare

            At present the district has one District Hospital, one urban
     civil Hospital, 8 rural hospitals/ CHC, 33 PHC and 286 sub-

     Centers. This district has successfully launched the following

     programmes during last 5 years.

            National Anti-Malarial Programmes

            Control of Acute Gastroenteritis

            National Blindness Control Programme – Mass DEC

              Therapy

            2nd National Leprosy Elimination Programme

            National Tuberculosis Control Programme

            RCH Programme

           The primary school health programme has also been taken

     up in this district. The follow-up measures for such programme

     need be taken.

2.15 Educational Infrastructure

           In Balaghat district the position of educational infrastructure

     is as below:

                Table: Status of school Hostel and Ashram

     S     Name of    Primary    Middle     High     H.S. Hostel Ashram
     N      Block                          School   School
      1        2         3          4        5         6       7         8
      1   Baihar        163        62        8         5       16        6
      2   Birsa         191        61        5         8       18       12
      3   Paraswada     171        52        6         5       9         3
      4   Lanji         155        50        7         5       2         1
      5   Kirnapur      162        55        5         3       2         1
      6   Balaghat      181        63        7        10       9         -
      7   Waraseoni     155        57        8         6       2         -
     8 Lalburra             146        45            7         6      1        -
     9 Khairlanji           130        59            6         5      3        -
     10 Katangi             173        58            4         5      3        -
        Total               1627       562          63        58      65      23


2.16 Women & Child welfare institution

     S        No. Of Sanctioned        Centers           Building      Centers
     N        Blocks Anganwadi          having             less      having hand
                      Centers           Govt.            Centers      pumps for
                                       Building                        drinking
                                                                        water
      1         10         1671           159             1512            92


2.17 Forestry

               Total forest coverage in this district including social forestry

     is 5.06 lakh Ha. which is 51.70% of the total land of the district.

     The management and maintenance of forest is being done by Joint

     Forest Management committees under active control of different

     divisions of Forest Department. At present 538 nos. of forest

     Protection Committees are working in this district. These

     committees have not only helped to protect the plantation areas but

     have also guarded against illegal felling of trees.

               Category of Forest in Balaghat districts as shown below:

      SN Name of the class             Area (Sq. km)         Percentage of the
                                                              total area of the
                                                                   district
          1       Dense Forest               3716                  40.26%
          2       Open Forest                998                   10.81%
          3       Total Forest               4714                  51.70%
          4     Per Capita Forest            0.33                     -
                      Area

2.18 Soil Conservation

              In last years total 40,000 Ha. Area has been treated-cum-

     benefited through:

     a) Alternative land use system, especially fallow wasteland has

           been covered under deep-rooted horticultural crop.

     b) Contour vegetative hedge was planted to reduce slope percent

           of the wasteland.

     c) Agro-forestry was planted to make the land cultivable through

           biomass production.

     d) Creating water bodies.

2.19 Cottage and small Industries

              Among household Industries the most important areas are

     sericulture, Lac, rope making, sari making, silk weaving, basket

     making etc. 10,000 persons in this district are engaged in various

     household industries.

2.20 Road Connectivity

              District has no any National highway, which affects the

     economy of district. Road Network of district shown as:

                         Table: Road Network of District
     S.N.           Particulars         District      State     % Of
                                         (Km)        (Km)       State
       1        National Highways          -         3403.9      0%
       2          State Highways         269.3       7505.1     3.59%
       3        District Main Roads      413.5      12936.8     3.20%
       4    Pucca Roads (WBM)         2157.6 56745.6                 3.80%
       5        Kaccha Roads          656.3  10538.6                 6.23%
      Source: Sadak Sankhyiki 1999, PWD GoMP

             Instead of above data the road connectivity is much poor

      than other developed districts of M.P. About 46.2% villages are

      still not connected with pucca Roads. For development of basic

      infrastructure like road & bridges in the district presently some

      schemes are presently running having been sponsored by Central &

      State Government, under Sampurn Gramin Rojgar Yojana

      (SGRY), PMGSY and other road & bridge schemes. We are

      making presently 656.49 km road and 4 bridges (culverts) and

      spending Rs.3639.82 lakh for better road connectivity (Annexure 4

      & 5). But this all will not fulfill the connectivity of people to

      people.

2.21 Electricity Connectivity in District

      Electricity Connectivity is also poor in this district than other

      developed districts of M.P. for actual development of areas.

                 Table: Electricity Connectivity of District

      S.N.          Particulars              District       State

       1     Total villages                    1269         51806
       2     Villages electrified              1170         50271
       3     Villages electrified             92.2%        97.04%
       4     Agricultural Consumption          4866          7681
             per consumer (KWH)
       5     Per Capita Domestic               538           583
             Consumption (KWH)
 RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
         YOJANA




       CHAPTER- Iii

swot analysis & listing of
      critical gaps




  district- BALAGHAT, M.P.
                          3.0     SWOT Analysis

3.1      Strengths

 Enormous forest wealth, including non-timber forest produces.

       High quality of rice production

       Enormous mineral wealth. .

       Fair level of rainfall.

       11 fairly major river and a large number of nallas and rivulets.

       Many state highways pass through the district and proximity to

         Nagpur, an industrial city of Maharastra State.

       Active PRIs

       Cheap Labour

       A large number of women's self-help groups formed in the

         district.

       Steeply improving rate of literacy in the district.

       Government and the administration, committed to development.

       Large tourist influx to Kanha National Tiger Reserve

3.2   Weaknesses

       Poor Connectivity, because many roads get cut during the long

         monsoon period. Poor accessibility by Rail.

            Poor irrigation facilities and power infrastructure.

       Low      Agricultural     productivity   with   primitive   farming

         techniques.
       No major industries

       Low level of literacy, poor health and nutritional status

       Lack of well organized marketing structure for minor forest

         produce.

       Several schools/ICDS/Health centers still have no building.

       Low capacity of extension workers on the field. Low level of

         technical awareness among the villagers.

       Poor training facilities in the district.

3.3   Opportunities

       Livelihoods opportunities not yet exploited to the full.

       Government holds Balaghat in the focus of development efforts

         due to major forest coverage.

       High movement of agricultural and forest produces out of the

         district in unprocessed form imply so much opportunities for

         activities relating to value addition.

       The new quest for organic foods holds opportunities

       The State Government has identified Balaghat as its flagship for

         promotion of Jungle tourism in the state. This opens new

         livelihood opportunities in the district.

       A strong network of active PRIs facilitates outreach services for

         training and skill development.

       Traditional affinity of tribal with the forest can be used in forest
       protection & plantation activities.

3.4 Threats

     The overly rigorous provisions of the Forest Conservation Act.

     Problems peculiar to villages in the interior parts of the district

       which pose challenges to constructive activities.

     Balaghat has experienced Naxalite movement in the areas

       bordering Chattisgarh and Maharastra States. Since Naxalites

       are active in the district, slow development may make a soft

       target for the naxals.
3.5   Identification of Critical Gaps

      3.5.1 SWOT analysis of Balaghat district reveals several critical

            gaps that constitute barriers to growth. To accelerate the

            development process, it is necessary that these barriers

            should be removed forthwith.

                           Poor Connectivity

      3.5.2 Poor connectivity can be said to be the most major barrier to

            the process of development in the district. This creates

            several barriers, like



             Development: Workers are unable to reach their target-

               villages.

             Villagers are unable to reach remunerative markets for

               selling their produces. They are constrained to distress-

               sale of their produces to exploitative middlemen and

               moneylenders.

             Health-care: workers are disabled from rendering timely

               medical aid in the interior parts of the district.

             Approach: Students are forced to drop out if they cannot

               reach middle/ high school located at some distance,

               which is cut off during rains.

      PMGSY is an important intervention in this regard. However, there
      are several bridges/ culverts, which are not yet covered under

      PMGSY. Taking these up under RSVY would greatly enhance the

      impact of. PMGSY. A detailed scrutiny of these bridges/culverts

      required to be built, has been done and enlisted here. The priority

      of these bridges/culverts has also been drawn up in consultation

      with public representatives and development officers.

                  Poor Irrigation Facilities & Drought Proofing


3.5.3 Poor irrigation facilities are another barrier to growth in a district

      where agriculture constitutes the mainstay of rural economy. Due

      to poor irrigation facilities; out of 3.54 lakhs Hact. cultivated land,

      Rabi crop is taken in only 0.83 lakh Hact. that is barely 23% of the

      total agricultural production. Dependence on rain and a single crop

      compels villagers to extend the area of their farm. This puts

      pressure on forests, which often adjoin agricultural lands. It is for

      this reason that many people consider extension of agriculture as

      opposed to forest interests in Balaghat. The solution to the problem

      lies in multiplying the number of crops by creating/strengthening

      irrigation facilities. There is also the need to ensure drought

      proofing in vulnerable areas like Baihar, Birsa, Kirnapur and

      Paraswada blocks.

3.5.4 The rural economy in Balaghat district has been almost entirely

      confined to agriculture and non-timber forest produces. Livelihood
      opportunities allied to agriculture offer substantial potential for

      growth. These include horticulture, forestry, poultry, piggery, dairy

      etc. However, volume & consistent quality in production are seen

      barriers to growth.

                       Building less ICDS Centers

3.5.5 Development cannot be meaningful without development of human

      resources. Child-care and Primary education is important in this,

      regard. While the district has ICDS programmes in operation, the

      effectiveness of these suffers when they are not supported by

      minimum infrastrctural support. The ICDS centers, which are

      operating without, a building of their own, need to be provided

      there.

                      Lack Of Proper Training Facilities

3.5.6 The importance of training can never be over-emphasized. Lack of

      a proper, well-equipped training center disables all efforts of

      effective training of the fieldworkers in development departments.

      It is therefore necessary that this gap should minimize if not be

      removed. Balaghat being a large district, having a single training

      center will entail high recurring cost of gathering participants from

      far corners of the district.

                     Lack of Adequate Outreach Services

3.5.7 Outreach services including capacity-building and awareness
     generation are extremely important in the context of Balaghat. The

     case of women representatives in Pries illustrates this point.

     Thanks to statutory reservation, women have found entry into the

     Pries. But this is largely symbolic as they are disabled through

     ignorance to discharge their office effectively. Building the

     capacity of women representatives in Pries, as also of the natural

     leaders in the large number of self-help groups formed in the

     district constitutes a major gap at present. Other such gaps in

     capacity building include:

      Villagers are not aware of what a regulated market is and how it

            can help them receive better returns on their produces.

      Beneficiaries are unaware of the government's welfare schemes.

            Forfeiting out of sheer ignorance the insurance claims under

            group insurance.

The Emerging issues of Tribal poverty

     (i)       A large majority of tribals are associated with agricultural

               activities. Due to their marginal and uneconomical holdings,

               earnings from these pursuits do not give them reasonable

               levels of living. So the first major issue is how to increase

               the productivity of their marginal holdings?

     (ii)      The livestock population of these backward areas is

               genetically poor and economically unsuitable, but is an
        essential part of the tribal life style. The second issue,

        therefore, is how can livestock be made economically

        viable.

(iii)   Tribals have a historic relationship with the forests. Today

        large-scale degradation and change in forestland use

        (community asset) to agricultural (individual asset) and also

        their marginalisation by the statutory custodians of the

        forests, has limited their access to forests, have limited their

        access to forests. How can the tribals be meaningfully

        involved in developing the forests is the other major issue.

         Whether some new activities suitable to the resources and

           needs of the region can be identified for training the

           tribal,   especially   women     to   generate    additional

           employment and income?

(iv)    Tribals generally produce what they consume. Whatever

        surp1us, if generated, in agriculture or forest collection is

        sold to the middlemen who charge heavily for this service.

        What interventions should be proposed to make value

        addition to the tribal surplus produce?

(v)     Seasonal out migration has become an integral part of the

        tribal life style and economy. This leads to a lot of hardships

        to both the migrants (mainly women) and those who are left
       behind. What interventions can be proposed to give them

       gainful employment during agriculture off-season?




(vi)   Tribal women generally have to contribute much more to run

       the household. Most of her works are of routine nature and

       involve extensive drudgery e.g. fetching water, collection of

       fuel wood and preparation of food on an unfriendly hearth.

       What intervention can be planned to facilitate these

       women in their routine work?

(vii) Despite huge investment in the education sector we are still

       not able to bring women on the forefront. Only an

       insignificant proportion of women are educated beyond

       middle standard ever today. The males among tribals also do

       not have much inclination towards formal education. Male

       tribals also do not have much inclination towards formal

       education. What interventions are, therefore, needed to

       make education popular?

(viii) What model of implementation of Sam Vikas Yojana would

       be most suitable and desirable for the programme

       implementation and how far the participation of local tribals

       be planned in the implementation of the project? How the

       involvement of NGOs can be incorporated under the
       project and whether there are such local NGOs with

       requisite capability?




(ix)   The remote tribal pockets are backward mainly due to lack

       of infrastructure. This aspect remained neglected for a long

       time. What can be done to make improvement in the

       basic infrastructure?

With the above scenario in mind the project Integrated

Development of Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh under

„Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana' has been prepared. The project

proposes livelihood security of the poor tribals living in identified

cluster of poor Gram Panchayat, around such Panchayats in each

cluster of the district, by organizing them into self help groups

(SHGs), through integrated development of agriculture, irrigation,

dairying, sericulture, fishery and horticulture. Infrastructure

development is equally important and this aspect has been brought

under the proposal.
RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
       YOJANA


     CHAPTER- Iv

     objectives




district- BALAGHAT, M.P.
                                4- Objectives

         The primary objectives of this programme are to address the

         indigent problem pockets of high poverty, low growth and poor

         governance. It also aims at removing the barriers towards growth

         and accelerating the process of development. Other objectives of

         the programme are as below:


4.1      Due to geographical and typical socio-economic features of the

         district large no of people of this district remain unemployed for

         major part of the year. The incidence of unemployment, under-

         employment and disguised employment is very often noticed in the

         socio-economic sphere of rural life. Hence, creation of adequate

         employment     opportunities    in     the   rural   areas   through

         implementation of this new programme is one of the great

         objectives of this programme.

4.2     Not only providing employment opportunity to the rural poor,

      creation of   durable assets is also another great objective of this

      programme. Moreover, the assets so created will help to augment

      income opportunity of the people. It is estimated that during

      implementation phase nearly 2.36 lakhs man-days will be created. In

      the long run quite a good number of families will be provided

      sustained employment.
4.3   Balaghat, being a drought-prone area, recurrence of drought is

      noticed almost every alternate year. To mitigate this problem a

      drought management plan has been contemplated and incorporated

      in the plan document. This drought management plan will have a

      direct bearing on agricultural productivity, strengthening of

      extension services, creation of irrigation infrastructure, pursuing of

      soil and water conservation measures, plantation in a massive scale

      etc.

4.4   Balaghat district has predominance of SC/ST people comprising

      over 40% of the total population. So one of the major objectives of

      this programme is to take up various sectoral activities for their

      benefit their.

4.5   Due to recurrence of drought and consequent crop failure quite a

      large no. of people migrate to nearby districts and states in search

      of better employment opportunity. Such migration badly affects the

      social and economic life of the migrants. The objective, therefore,

      is to provide gainful and sustainable employment to such people so

      that such incidences are minimized.

4.6   Health and education are the spheres where lot many things have

      remained undone. The strengthening of the primary health care

      services and primary education sectors is therefore another

      objective of this programme.
4.7      No programme can be implemented successfully until and unless.'

         the people's participation is ensured. The concept. of decentralized

         planning has been emulated while preparing this plan to ensure

         people's participation in the various stages of planning,

         implementation and monitoring. To instill a sense of belongingness

         among common masses, participatory planning and development

         process have been envisaged to be included in the plan document.


4.8      Building of infrastructure concerning roads, power, administrative

      building etc. have mostly been covered in different plan years out of

      infrastructure development fund, grant-in-aid sectors and other such

      sources. Hence the objective of this plan is not to create infrastructure

      only, but to utilize the existing ones for rendering proper services to

      the wider cross section of the society.


4.9Overall development will reduce naxal moments by providing

      employments to rural youth and others.
RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS
       YOJANA




      CHAPTER- v

  project details




district- BALAGHAT, M.P.
                 IMPLIMENTATION OF PROJECT

                          01 AGRICULTURE

      The undulation of land under the G.P.'s selected for agro based

activities, results in the wastage of rain water. Due to the less irrigation

facilities only 40% of agricultural land is irrigated in district . A total of

2.71 lakh hector area is possessed by kharif and 83000 hector of land by

Rabi crop in the district. Soil and water conservation activities cannot be

fully functioned due to lack of allotment, which affects the increase of

Rabi area in the district. Most of the area in the district is undulated

causing the speed of rain water flow and land degradation more than the

average which results in the decrease of the production power of land

which in turns gives decrease in average production and cash crop area,

Following provision are taken in RSVY for indirect irrigation by

reacharging of rainwater and increase fertilety of soil by Bio- fertilizers.

1.1   Land Development Through Water Conservation structures : -

      Improper arrangements of land gives less crop in the District,

      Treatment of these lands will increase their productivity, in the

      selected naxal affected 100 villages. Provisions have been made of

      Gully Plugs, Contour trenches, CPW, percolation tank, Nala

      bandhan, afforestation construction of dugwells and irrigation

      tanks (ponds)/ stop dams construction near the agricultural land.

      With these activities of soil & moisture conservation region of
     single crop will turn to Double crop, which will give rise in the

     income of former.

     Proposed activities are as follows for three years :

     (1)    Gully Plugs         -200 m/village/yr.

     (2)    Contour Trenches -500 m/village/yr

     (3)    Water Storage tank        -23 No.

     (4)    Constr of Dugwells        -400 No.

     (5)    C.P.W.                    -500 M/village/ yr.

     (6)    Nala bandhan              -2100 Nos.

     (7)    Irrigation tank/ stop dam 40 Nos.

     (8)    Afforestation       5 Hect/ village/ year

     In this way, from Total provisioned amount of Rs.1258.70 Lakh

     20978 Hec. agricultural land will be treated and will increase the

     double crop area through indirect irrigation.

1.2 Vermi Compost Pit:

     At present in the district chemically fertilized agriculture is being

   worked. In the year 2001 about 41-% chemically fertilized agriculture

   was done in the area of kharif crop. Extensive use of chemical fertility

   the quality of the land became low and also mixing with the grain and

   vegetable leaves creates bad effect on public health.

   Provisions are being made to change this chemical fertilizer to Bio

   fertilizer, through the help of vermicompost pit, which will prouduce
  bio-fertilizer by earth worms.

  Provision have been made for the formation of vermicompost pit by

  putting earth worms in 10‟X6‟ sized pits at the land/Badi of each

  farmer for the selected G.P.'s under this fertilizer which is prepared in

  45 days and earth worm also gets doubled for the preparation of next

  pit. 40 Qts. of vermicompost is gained from each vermipit / year,

  which fertilizes 2 hect. of land. Initial Cost per pit comes to

  Rs. 5000/- but after 45 days the amount of earthworms is saved and

  next pit is also prepared, This fertilizer does not effect environment.

  This activity will also generate income to BPL families becouse sale

  of compost and worms through SHG formation, will render extra

  income which will be Rs. 10,000 – 20,000/- per year.

02 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY:

  In comparison to any other fields, animal husbandry schemes provide

  a unique opportunity of self employment for BPL population,

  resulting growth in rural prosperity. Project for the Dairy-farming,

  Piggery and Poultry farming under Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojana has

  been prepared for District. These schemes will not only provide self-

  employment through different activities but also enhance socio-

  economic status of the population through generation of extra

  income. By following schemes we will provide extra income to BPL

  families under RSVY project:
2.1     Dairy Unit:

      Dairy farming is an important source of income and livelihood of

      many BPL families in rural areas those are engaged in agricultural

      practices. As the Dairy unit help the cultivators to empower them for

      there overall development. A Dairy unit, established have a

      sustainable development too for which maximum milking Cows are

      required.

      Present status:

                  Presently there is no dairy unit established by any

        government agency in all the gram Panchayats. Dairy farming in

        these areas can be emerged as a profitable business. The status of

        local „Milch animals‟ in this area is comparatively poor. The yield

        is low. Therefore, establishment of cross bread dairy units in these

        areas will definitely make rapid progress.

        Marketing Facilities:

                  Milk produced at dairy farms will be collected by self-help

        group and sold to Dugdh Sangh Cooperative at district level

        through dairy cooperative society at village level.

                  Extra milk could be stored in chilling plant established by

        govt. Dugdh Sangh at block level. Provision will be made for
development of self-help group for transportation of milk from

villages to near by dairy cooperative society.
       Role of different Govt. and non govt. Agencies

               Network mechanism will be created to integrate govt. and non govt.

       agencies Dept of veterinary services will play central role regarding

       vaccination medication A.I. of animals and providing technical knowledge.

       These activities will be governed by trained staff members and veterinary

       officers of outline dispensary at village level and veterinary hospitals at block

       level. Private trained Go-Sevaks will also take up some of the activities for

       development. Cultivation of fodder required by the animals, integrated

       activities of agriculture, vety and irrigation will be taken up. Activities like

       marketing and storage of milk will be performed by dairy cooperative society

       at village level cooperative milk produces union ltd. at distt. level

       Implementation

               Implementation of this scheme will not only raise the income of BPL

       families but also bring white revolution in the district. Around 100 BPL

       families will get, self employment and through introduction of improved breed,

       By A.I. there will be improvement of livestock occur in this district. As below

       it shows how the dairy unit provides income to BPL families.

           Financial Statement for establishment of dairy unit Consisting of two
                                             crossbred cows
       A two animal unit of crossbred cows could be taken up by weaker section in
       rural areas as a subsidiary occupation to suppliant their income.



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                                       A. Fixed Capital Available

       (1)     Land Available - Own land/Gram Panchayat patta -

       (2)     Milch animal shed (kacha) for 2 animals

               (4' x 10' = 40 sq. feet) @ 50 per sq. feet.

               Cost of construction manger & watering facilities

       (3)     Equipments chain, Bucket, can etc.                   - Rs. 1000.00


       (4)     Cost of2 cross bred animals                          - Rs. 27000.00
               (@13500 each animal)

       (5) Initial concentrate feed purchase               - Rs. 2000.00
           (for 1 Month)
                                            ----------------------------------
       INCOME (FOR 1 YEAR)            Total                   Rs. 30,000.00
                                            ----------------------------------


       A. By sale of Milk (average production 7 litre per animal @ Rs 12. per litre

        1st cow 8 liter milk (@ Rs.12/lit., 300 Days)               - Rs 28,800.00

         2nd cow 8 liter milk (@ Rs. 12/lit., 150 days)             - Rs 14,400.00

                                         ----------------------------------
                                         Total                    Rs 43,200.00
                                         ----------------------------------
       B. Income from manure & gunny bags               - Rs 1,000.00
                                         ----------------------------------
                                          Total                    Rs. 1,000.00
                                         ----------------------------------
                                          Grand Total            Rs. 44,200.00

        Expenditure of feeding of animals/yr.                      Rs. 24,000.00

        Total Income per Year                (44200-24000)         Rs. 20,200.00 per year


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                            Forward Linkages For Dairy Scheme:-

            Development & strengthening of forward linkage are needed for processing

            and marketing of milk & milk produced through dairy scheme under SGSY

            & co-operatives. Looking into need of chilling plants, reviving and

            strengthening of existing chilling plants in this district is proposed.

     2.2     Construction of Chilling Centre and formation of milk societies

             (Marketing of Milk – Milk Federation)

            In Balaghat district there are established unit of M.P. milk producers union

            limited (milk fedaration) at district and village level. Some of these units,

            which are presently functional are taking up activities like collection,

            processing, storage, chilling and marketing. There is only are factional

            chilling plant located at distt. Level.

            Main unit of milk produces cooperative movement is under limited at distt.

            level. This dairy unit is still functional but working in lowest capacity of

            about 500 liters per day due to very low collection milk. However they are

            having their chilling & processing plants. That can store and process about

            1000 liters milk per day. This unit sales milk through different milk booths

            to local consumers. Therefore in project we proposed.

           (1)   Construction of Chilling center worth Rs. 70.00 lakhs
           (2)   Formation of 50 Village milk societies requiring expenditure worth Rs.
                 25.00 lakhs.


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2.3 Piggery Unit:

       Present status:

                   In Balaghat district most of the people belonging to ST & SC

           categories take interest in pig rearing. It is a profitable business because

           beneficiary can yield high income through sell of pork & piglets. Because

           of high prolificacy of pigs of improved variety, beneficiary could generate

           income in a short span.

           This scheme has also been implemented in this district by state govt. but the

           allotment and target given in the scheme could hardly cover one-gram

           panchayat of each block. Therefore more funds are needed for this scheme.

           Above all there is no provision of feed for animals in state govt. scheme and

           most of the BPL families cannot afford the cost of feed initially.

       Project Area:

           Under this scheme 500 families from                 selected gram panhayat will be

           selected one Boar(male) and 2 sows female) will be given to each selected

           family.

       Marketing Facilities

           Local people relish pork. Therefore some of the products could be sold in

           the local markets. However formation of self-help group will be needed for

           transportation of pork to the distant places where it is in demand. Selling of

           piglets of improved variety will be done through M.P Pashudhan Nigam.


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           Marketing activities will also be taken up by self-help groups.

           This scheme will be regularly supervised by veterinary doctors and

           extension officers posted at block level and trained veterinary field staff at

           village level. They will provide facilities & knowledge to the beneficiaries

           regarding treatment, breeding & feeding activities. .

           Implementation of this scheme will provide self Employment to B.P.L

           families & will also generate their income in short duration.

                   Establishment of Piggery unit (Pig Trio Scheme):

       A. Cost of one unit piggery
         1. Cost of one pig trio (1 male pig & 2 female pig) -Rs. 6300.00
         2. Cost of feed for two months                      -Rs. 6000.00
         3. Miscellaneous Expenditure                        -Rs.4100.00
            (for construction of shed and other facility)

                                                 ----------------------------------
                                          Total Cost              Rs.16400.00
                                                 ----------------------------------
       Feeding cost for 10 month @ Rs 1500/- P.M. Rs. 15000.00
       B. Income from 1 unit of piggery
       1. Sale of20 piglets (at 2 months of age          Rs. 4000.00
         @ Rs. 200.00)
       2. Sale of 12 growers each                        Rs.22500.00
          weighing 75kg @25 Rs./kg
       3. Value of Breeding stock                        Rs. 8000.00
       4. Sale of gunny bags & manures                   Rs. 1000.00
                                                 -----------------------------
                                          Total          Rs. 35500.00
                                                 ----------------------------------
       Net Income / Year (35500 – 15000)                 =        Rs. 20500.00
       Income per Month                                  =        Rs. 1700/-
2.4    Poultry Unit:

           Present Status:




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               Poultry farming is a common practice among the villagers of Balaghat

           district. Most of the people in all the proposed gram panchayat take interest

           in poultry rearing. Through this scheme beneficiary would get profit by

           selling eggs and poultry. It will not only raise socioeconomic status of rural

           people but also introduce a source of high protein in their diet. This scheme

           is also existing in the district aided by state govt. but more funds are needed

           for running the scheme to all the selected gram panchayats of the district.

               In this scheme training programme will be conducted at panchayat level

           to render the knowledge of poultry farming and management to the

           villagers.

           Project area:

               Under this scheme families of all the selected gram panchayat will be

           provided either with 50, day old male chicks or 55, fifteen day old male and

           female chicks along with the package of feeder, medicine, cage, waters and

           feed.

           Marketing Facilities:

               Poultry eggs and chicken could easily be sold in the local market as the

           consumption of the same is good in the local area.



           Self-help groups will be formed for transportation of eggs and chicken to

           the near.


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               Technical knowledge of poultry farming will be rendered to the poultry

           farmers by veterinary assistant surgeons Veterinary Extension officers.

           Treatment, medication & vaccination will be regularly done by trained field

           veterinary staff. Supply & Marketing of poultry will be done by M.P. Rajya

           pashudhan & Kukkut Vikas Nigam marketing channels for Eggs & chicks

           sell will be made through formation of self help groups for marketing.

           Result:

               Implementation of poultry farming scheme will give self Employment to

           the 1000 BPL families & will generate income through sell of Eggs & meat.

           It will also introduce high quality protein in their diet.

           Financial Statement of poultry plan

               This scheme is introduced in tribal areas of Balaghat district for

           generating extra source of income of villages by selling eggs and poultry




           Infrastructure development and per unit cost of scheme

           1. 55 chicks of 15 day old @ Rs. 6/- chick -             Rs. 330.00

           2. 20 Kg Poultry feed @ Rs 9 per Kg.                 -   Rs. 180.00

           3. Medicine / vaccine & other facilities             -   Rs. 100.00


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             4. Feeder & Waterer                             -      Rs. 150.00

             5. Cage / Bamboo tokri / Bulb                -       Rs. 150.00
                                                         ----------------------------
                                              Total Cost          Rs. 910.00

             Income

             1. Sale of 25 poultry (cock) at the age of             Rs. 1000.00
                3 to 4 weeks @ 40 Rs. per poultry

             2. Sale of 150 eggs obtained from 20 layer             Rs. 3600.00
                birds @ 1.20 Rs. legg

             3. Sale of 20 layer (poultry) at the age of            Rs. 1000.00
                18 months                                           Rs. 5600.00

                Net profile of unit is Rs. 5600.00 in 18 months

       2.5      Provision of Breeding Buck (Male Goat)

                       Goatary business is much popular in Balaghat District. People are

                rearing large no. of goats at their houses. But non descript breeds (Desi)

                of goats are not profitable. They do not produce good meat and milk.

                Vety deptt already gives the male goat of jamnapari breed on exchange

                basis. But due to less allotment it is not sufficient to change the desi

                breed to high profitable breeds. In this RSVY project breeding buck will

                be provided to 1000 BPL families of selected gram panchayats. It will

                give better result after 2 years of project.

       03       FOREST PRODUCE

       3.1      Lac Cultivation Activities


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                       Lac is a natural resin and has hoary origin. The medicinal and

               curative properties of lac are recorded in the ancient religious scriptures.

               Lac and its products have been one of the very traditional and

               indigenous industries in India. Balaghat would occupy a predominant

               position in the field of lac production because density of Palash tree is

               high present traditional skill of the lac growers and processing capacity

               etc keeping these factors in view distribution of broad lac at the unit cost

               of Rs 100/- per tree.

               The proposed activities will provide employment opportunities to nearly

               5000 people. Besides above, the production of brood lac will provide

               required raw materials to the lac based industries and help foster growth

               of indigenous industries in' this district. The details of the scheme as

               entailed in RSVY plan are as below:

                       1)     Palash Brood lac will be distributed to 600 beneficiaries per

               year. Each beneficiary will be provided 5 kg. of brood lac free of cost.

               This brood lac will be inoculated in their own trees (mainly Pal ash and

               Ber). The inoculation will be done in the month of July, which will be

               harvested in the month of October. Again the brood lac will be

               inoculated in the last week of June and will be harvested after 6 months.

                       2)     Kusmi brood lac will be distributed to 100 beneficiaries per

               year. Each beneficiary will be provided 10 kg. of brood lac. The


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               inoculation period of this variety is July and February. The harvesting

               will be done after six months.

                       3)     The scientific demonstration plot has been proposed to be

               taken up to build awareness among the lac growers so that an impact is

               created in the locality.

                       4)     The unit cost has registered a rise during second and third

               year considering the fluctuation of rate of brood lac in the open market.

                       All these activities are expected to train 5000 nos. of persons and

                       will generate 83580 mandays and will benefit 5000 people.




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                        Economics estimation of Lac activation

                           (Beneficiary holding 10 Palash Trees)

(1)    Expenditure: (Inoculation in month of Oct - Nov.)
       i.      Cost of Lac insects Lac beaning steaks -             Rs.   45.00
               Rs. 1.5 / Steaks of 2.5 ft. length
               ( 3 steaks Tree = 30 steaks for ore Trees)
       ii.     Cost of net Rs. 30 L.S.                              Rs.   30.00
       iii.    Shorting of leaves of Tree L. S.                     Rs.   25.00
                                                                    Rs.   100.00

(2)    Income:
       i.   1st Crop - (May - June), 2.5 kg. 1 Tree Production Rs.                100.00
            Price from one Trees @ 40 1 kg.
       ii.  2nd Crop (Oct - Nov) - 4 kg 1 Tree production       Rs.               140.00
            @ Rs. 35 1 kg.

       i.    Net profit From one tree yrly                Rs. 140.00
              ii.   Net profit From 10 trees yrly                Rs. 1400.00
               nd
       iii. 2 yr. To onward year yrly                     Rs. 2150.00
       (Rs. 70 served from 2nd year expenditure is only Rs. 25/tree/yr.)
                          240 - 25 = Rs. 215 / Tree 1 yr.

       It-Iac purification plant will be established in distt. The price of Lac will be Rs.

       100 /- kg. So the net income from 10 trees will turn to Rs. 6250/- vearly to each

       beneficiary.

3.2    OTHER FOREST PRODUCE

       There are so many options to generate income from forest areas of district

Balaghat. From which some activities will be taken in RSVY plan for generating

income of rural poor families i.e.

                 (i)     Medicinal plant, roots plantation.
                 (ii)    Sawai roap making

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               (iii) Honey processing unit.
               (iv) Training for SHGs
       Total allocation for income generation from other forest produce under this

       scheme will be Rs.148.81 lakhs.

04     Sericulture & Handloom activity:-

4.1    Tasar Silk worm rearing activities:

               Expenditure plan of Rs. 900.00 per family has been proposed in selected

       areas. By this activity there will get net income Rs. 10900/- per family per

       year. which is extra income in their supplement time. Tasar Silk worm rearing

       is an easy task and can be easily done by women self help groups. For the full

       functioning of the activities in the Distt, Field officers/ground level employees

       of the sericulture department are working to give proper Training and

       Technical advices to the beneficiaries.

                     Existence of Saja & Arjuna trees in plenty comes under the control

       of Van Suraksha Samiti, so that in selected Blocks, Baihar, Birsa, Paraswada

       and Waraseoni the Beneficiaries will be.selected from the members of Van

       Suraksha Samiti and Tasar Silk worm rearing activities will be conducted and

       scheme will be implemented through Van Suraksha Samiti which will results

       suits the rise of self employment of the families of their own protected forest.



                                              Marketing: -

                     After Tasar silk worm rearing beneficiaries do not have to wander


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       for selling of production. For sale and purchase of Tasar Production (Tasar

       Cocoon) M.P. Silk federation has established its branch in Balaghat Distt. So

       that M.P. Silk federation can purchase, total Tasar Production of the

       beneficiaries at the production spot. After production of Tasar co-coons good

       quality of Tasar Silk and fabric will be produced in the Distt. There is no

       problem in the marketing of Tasar product.

                   Employment Generation Though Tasar Sericulture Economics of

       Tasar Silk Worm Rearing/Beneficiaries/Y ear: -

                       (A) Expenditure: - (Per Beneficiary/Family):

S.              Particular's           Unit                Amount            Employment

No.                                                                          Generation in

                                                                             Man days

1       650 Healthy D.F.Ls. per Rs. 1.00 per                        650.00

        Hect. / Family                   D.F.L.

2       Pruning scretor 1 No.            100.00per No.              100.00

3       Insecticides                        L/S                     50.00

4       Formaline 3 Litre                   L/S                     100.00
                                                                                        MA
                                                                                        N
        Total                                                       900.00   100
                                                                                        DAY
                                                                                        S




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(B) Production & Benefit: -

S.  Particulars of Silk              Month      Production          Rate / Amount
No. Worms                                       of    Tasar         1000
                                                Cocoon in
                                                Nos.
1     Ist crop 200 Tasar             June- July 6000                440.00 2640.00
      Dfls (30 cocoon per
      Dfls)
2     IInd Crop 250 Tasar            Aug.- Sep 10,000               610.00 6100.00
      Dfls (40 cocoon per
      Dfls)
3     IIIrd Crop 200 Tasar           Nov.-          5000            440.00 2200.00
      Dfls (25 cocoon per            Dec-Jan
      Dfls)
      TOTAL                                         21000                  10940.00


       NET INCOME / BENEFICIARY / YEAR:

       1- In come by sale of Tasar cocoon- Rs. 11000.00

       2- Expenditure on Tasar Silk worm D.F.ls (Seed)- Rs. 900.00

       3- Net income per year - Rs. 10900.00

       4- Total working days in the year - 100 Man-days.

               It is Proposed that in the selected Blocks 1000 families will be benefited

       in 3 years in the Dist. Detailed project at a glance and financial requirement

       under RSVY plan attached, Annexure 11.

       4.2 Weaving activity

               Balaghat Distt. is rich in Weaver's Pocket. The Main weaver's pockets

       are Waraseoni, Hatta, Mehandiwada, Ervaghat, Bonkatta, Dhanitola, and Beni


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       in the Dist. The weavers are Traditional Bunker of Cotton Sarees, but due to

       lack of sale of their production and having no support available from govt.

       agencies have left their Jobs and for their lively hood they have turned in other

       jobs and some have left their Place too for employment. To continue the

       weaving of Traditional saree and generate the employment by weaving, two

       types of weaving schemes are proposed i.e. Silk weaving activity & Cotton

       weaving activity in the Distt. under R.S.V.Y.

       (B) Silk weaving scheme: -

       (1) The production of mulberry & Tasar both type of Silk Yarns in the Distt.

       will be utilized in the production of the Silky Silk Sarees & Other dress

       material on 35 Handlooms and will generate the employment in the distt. Thus,

       the Traditional weavers will get the employment.

       (2) In Balaghat Distt.3000 Kg. mulberry silk is being produced, and the Tasar

       Cocoon production will be about 25.00 Lac. Under this Silk x Silk weaving

       activity Mulberry Silk x Tasar Silk, Mulberry silk x Mulberry silk, Mulberry

       silk x Cotton, Tasar Silk x Cotton Types of Sarees, ladies garments, Malmal,

       Dress material will be got printed and Hand work like Kadai to make the cloths

       good looking and increase the sell in the market.

(B)    Cotton weaving activity:

                    Appart from silk weaving, Cotton x Cotton cloth will also be

       produced in 65 Handlooms under the cotton weaving scheme. It is proposed to


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        produce Bed sheets, Curtein cloths, Shirting and supply of cloth such as Verdi

        cloths, Hospital bed sheet, green cloths, Cotton Bandage, Childrendress cloth

        under R.S.V.Y. The market is available for above production so that there is

        less problem for the sell to weavers of their production & they will get

        employment throughout the year in the Distt.

        Main object of the weaving activity:

     (1) To generate the self-employment of 250 weavers in the Distt. This will

     generate nearly 90000 man days of employment

     (2) To use the distt,'s silk yarn production in the distt itself.

     (3) To provide the good quality silk cloth to the consumers within the distt.

     (4) To make available the govt. supply cloth in the distt. by weavers of the distt.

     (5) To keep forward the distt. in the production of silk weaving.

     Financial support to weavers : - This scheme provides Rs. 23756/- per weaver

family for raw matarial and better handloom machines. weavers will form SHGs and

                                           for marketing.

Training: - The Training is required to the weavers for the production of good

quality fabrics. This Training can be given under Kaushal Unnayan Yojna. and

RSVY project plan.




05      Fisheries Activity: -


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       50 families will be benifited by this scheme at the unit cost of Rs. 55,000/- per

       family as below:-


       1) Socking of Fingerlings: Socking of fingerlings in dam and reservoir have

       been proposed through formation groups with the object of fish production.


       2) Distribution of Fishing Nets: Distribution of fishing nets to groups have

       been proposed to utilize the production in this field.


       3) Making of Fishing Net: Making of fishing net will, as envisaged in the

       plan, will help provide additional employment to the fishermen on the hand

       and help facilitate the catching of fish and other. This activity is supposed to

       benefit 50 Nos. of fishermen families during 3 years span.

                                 06     Horticulture activity :-

                       Under RSVY programme has been proposed by department

       according to which plantation of fruits plants in 0.1 hectors area on the

       proposal land of the beneficiaries along with vegetable production programme

       masala, medicinal, flower programme in kharif & Rabi, season as per as factors

       will be carried out.

                          Facilities given by Horticulture department:-

                       Department under the technical guidance can facilitate the

       beneficiaries with plantation material, vegetable seeds & other seeds from

       nurseries. Seeds will also provide from different registered institutions

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                       According to proposed plan, beneficiaries are to be inspired

       toward the horticultural crops and development of traditional “ Badi” near their

       residential areas, so that along with the fully utilization of their labour & get

       regular income.

6.1    Fruit & Vegetable production:-

      Objectives

         Utilization of the land by the plantation of fruits plants along with the

          production of vegetables in the near by “ Badi” of the beneficiaries.

         To give rise to the new sources of income by selling the extra product in the

          market out of the total crop production.

         Fulfilling of the nutritious ingredients through green vegetables.

         Treatment of environment near the resident area to the beneficiaries through

          vegetable production.

         Treatment in the level of traditional food.

      Expected Outcome

                               Full utilization of available land & water.

         Growth of the economic conditions of beneficiaries.

         New chance of employment will rise.

         Improvement in environmental conditions through fruit plant plantation.

         Stoppage of migration of the farmers from the district.




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          In place of traditional food, enhanced availability of nutritious items and

           micronutrients to the beneficiaries.

          Probability of increase in the potential industries based on fruit/ vegetable

           conservation and value addition.

           Proper utilization of labour of beneficiaries.

6.2       Medicinal and Aromatic plant cultivation:-

               Some cultivators in district are already cultivating medicinal plants at

       their agriculture field. Due to high demand and better prices of medicinal

       plants produces, we are provided medicinal plants cultivation activity in RSVY

       plan. 3000 families will get regular and attractive income from this activity. A

       package worth Rs. 3000/- per family is providing in this plan. Medicinal plants

       like safed Musali, Nagarmotha, Butch, Satawar, Bramhi palmarize grass etc.

       will be cultivated by farmers. Marketing of medicinal plants is not critical,

       M.P. Laghu Vanopaj Co-operative Sangh will purchase these produces.

07     Handicraft Promotion:-

               Distt. has addli natural resources but due to lack of knowledge, illiteracy,

increase population and unstretegy of development, the economical progress is very

low. Heavy Forest Coverage has bamboo, Tick, Sessal and other valuable trees which

could be beneficial to handycraft promotion in district. For upliftment of this activity

for generating income to rural poor people we will prepare a valuable plant under

RSVY scheme and i.e. “Rural Industrial Development Scheme”.


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1.     Objectives :-

       (1)     Create awareness and interest about craft activity.

       (2)     Create employment through craft promotion.

       (3)     Use of Natural Resources.

       (4)     Protect the traditional craft business and extend it.

       (5)     Make availability of useful craft to users.

       (6)     Economical upliftment of craftsman.

2.     Work will be taken :

       (1)     Wood Craft :-          Under this general wood and teak wood will be used

       for making wooden arts and furniture.

       (2)     Jute and Sessal Craft :-       Will produce fibers of sessal and Jute and

       make dolls, bags, purses, mats, door mats, etc.

       (3)     Paper Craft : Use of Polythine is dangerous to humoun health and

       environment. To avoid this provision will be taken to make envelopes and

       boxes etc. by waste papers.

3.     Provisions of Funds :- For this activity working capital etc Rs. 32381/- will

be provided to each beneficiary for purchasing of raw material etc. Total Rs. 35.62

lacs will be spend in following manners :-

1.     Expenditure on basic training                                Rs. 6.71 lacs.
2.     Improvement of skills                                        Rs. 6.26 lacs.
3.     Subsidy on Tool Kits                                         Rs. 3.00 lacs
4.     Working Capital                                              Rs 4.50 lacs.
5.     Research and development                                     Rs. 6.00 lacs.


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6.     Marketing Provision                                          Rs 6.00 lacs.
7.     Administrative Expenditure                                   Rs. 3.15 lacs.

___________________________________________________________
               Total                          Rs. 35.62 lacs.
___________________________________________________________

               At the first stage, the implementing agency will identify the cluster and

       arrangements will be made to motivate the artisans of selected G.P‟s. The

       artisans of these selected G.P‟s will be made aware of the prospects in the

       handicraft etc. For this, self-help group will be formed and formation of

       economically viable enterprises will also be done.

       Arrangements will also be made to increase the skill level of artisan

       beneficiaries and extensive training will be given to the beneficiaries, as per

       market demand to increase the production.

       Proposal has also been made to conduct and organize design & technology

       inputs, practical will be made in the workshops for sample development, also

       the staff deployed for giving training to the beneficiaries. Along with these, a

       market readiness fund (margin money) will be formed to act as a non-corpus

       fund and access to institutional finance. With this an ambasadorial shop will be

       set up to not only supply tools and kits to 110 artisans during training, but also

       to provide marketing facilities on permanent basis to the artisans of selected

       G.P.‟s.

08     Construction of Industries Growth centre shade: -



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       Earlier artisans have to face certain difficulties, regarding the resources,

       finishing of craft work and trade, they had to wander from place to place to

       deal with such problems. So as to cope up with such problems, establishment

       of 40 industrial shades at selected block as business Resource Centre (BRC) of

       worth Rs. 32.00 Lakhs has been proposed, access point for entrepreneurs,

       exporters, NGO‟s and other wholesale agencies for direct procurement. The

       centre will also function as a production point and will prove to be a guide for

       the artisans for trade purposes.

       Marketing:-

                       The office of the district Industry centre and Zila Panchayat will

       take the responsibility of executing all the components referred to above out of

       the above funding, the above office would provide financial and technical

       assistance in the form of holding exhibitions, craft market, expose, availability

       of space in dilli hat/ urban hat, publicity etc.

09     Bicycles for Women SHGs:-

                       About 1000 female SHGs will be formed for their income

       generation through animal husbandry, craft promotion, fishery, tasar silk

       weaving, horticulture activity etc. But transport of product from field to market

       will still not be carried out there. For salving it provision of bicycles to women

       SHGs is taken in this plan. With the help of bicycle they can transport their

       products in proper time to market place without any fear.


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10     Mini Rice Mills:-

               Balaghat district is rice producing area of M.P. state. But rice mills are
       established only at block level places and create problems to small farmers.
       The middleman takes benefit of this problem and peoples are not getting proper
       price of their peddy production. For salving this problem of 50 mini rice mills
       will be established throughout the selected areas of RSVY and they will be run
       by 50 SHGs. Per unit cost of mini rice mill, will be Rs. 2.70 lakh and
       approximately 2.00 lakh population will get benefit from this activity.
11     Bio gas Plant:-

               District has vast population of cattle & buffaloes & peoples are not using
       their dung properly. Insufficient electricity and fuel is common problems of
       district. To remove this problem about 2000 Biogas plants will be established
       in RSVY selected Gram panchayat areas. Provision of Rs. 120.00 lakh is taken
       in this plan. About 0.73 lakh Qts wood fuel will be saved every year by this
       activity. The used dung will also be utilized in Vermi-compost pits for
       production of bio-fertilizers.




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                                        PART-III
                         PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURES
                      01   Electrification of unelectrified villages: -

       At present 97 villages are unelectrified in the Balaghat Distt.and 8% of entire

       district. These villages are situated in dense forest. In RSVY project we have

       plan to achieve the target of 100% electrification in Balaghat distt. In first

       phase from 97 unelectrified villages, 41 villages are taken in the scheme. The

       total estimated cost of electrification is Rs. 529.01 lakhs. The block and

       villages wise details are enclosed with (Annexure 8)

02      Infrastructure facilities for Horticulture:-

                       In this segment for storage of fruit & vegetable, some

       infrastructure will be established in this plan & i.e. temporary storage hall at

       different village levels. Because the prices of fruits & vegetables are better in

       Market day there the other days. So storage facilities are essential. 10

       Temporary storage halls will be constructed in 3 blocks and expenditure will be

       Rs 6.0 lakhs as below:-

S.N Name         of Name          of No       Unit         Estimated Mandays
o   Block           Work                      cost         Cost       generated
                                              (Rs          (Rs lakhs)
                                              lakhs)
1.    Birsa     Temporary              4      0.60         2.40             2180
                storage hall
2.    Baihar    ,,                     3      0.60         1.80             1635
3.    Paraswada ,,                     3      0.60         1.80             1635
                Total                  10     0.60         6.00             5450




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03     Minor Irrigation Structures: -

3.1     Small water harvesting tank/ stop dams:

                              Excavation of water harvesting tank has been proposed in

       selected 100 naxal affected villages to serve the dual need viz., providing

       Irrigation water to the farmers and to conserve moisture.

       40 nos. of tanks/ stop dams costs Rs. 400.00 lakhs will be implemented during

       span of 3 years with irrigation potential of 775 acres. The cost per acre will be

       Rs 58000/-.

3.2    Construction of open Dugwells:

                       Construction of medium dia-dugwell has been proposed with the

       object to provide supplementary Irrigation during Kharif season and assured

       Irrigation during Rabi. 400 nos. of dug-wells worth Rs 200 lakhs will be

       constructed during the entire plan period, which will create Irrigation potential

       in 8300 acres, out of which 5000 acres will be brought under double crop area.

04     Road, Pullia, Electrification & Improved Chullah:-

       At present there has been shortage of basic facilities in the district, many of the

       grams are not inter connected. Main reason for this is the undulation of the

       region, also there is shortage of pullias (short bridges) for the reaching points

       due to plenty of rivers and nallahs. Also electrification has been affected due to

       division of Grams in Hamlets. Percentage of road connectivity is 87.50% and

       that of electrification is 95.21%. To fullfil this gap development of


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       infrastructure is needed. It is also to be noticed that environmental balance is

       disturbed due to unnecessary deforestation by the poor villagers in search of

       the fuel for their kitchen, and also smoke from the traditional kitchen is a

       hazard on women‟s health.



       In the selected G.P. provision have been made for the construction of Roads,

       Pullias and electrification (Annexure 6 & 8) along with implementation of

       improved chullas for the safety of both forest and health, for this an amount

       (Annexure 1) has been provisioned, to yield the expected results.

       Due to better road connection, people will find easy the selling of their income

       generating products, through better electrification people will be free from the

       fear of snake bitting at the night time.

                05     Health facilities infrastructure & Child Development


               For better health of men and animals health facilities must be in their

       field. Under RSVY plan there are provisions of health center buildings,

       medicine and equipments.

               For human health sector we will provide construction of one P.H.C.

       building worth Rs. 15.00 lakhs, 50 sub health centers-cum- anganwadi

       buildings worth Rs 250.00 lakhs, and medicinal equipment‟s worth Rs 29.00

       lakhs for better health facilities. (Annexure 9 & 10)



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                          06     Veterinary health infrastructure:-

               For better while revolution in RSVY areas we will provide better

       veterinary health facilities i.e. construction of Vety. Dispensary. Artificial

       insemination center buildings, equipments and establishment of proper Vety.

       Mobile unit. In this connection we will construct 20 vet. Dispensaries- AI

       centre building worth Rs. 60 lakhs and purchase of mobile health vehicle worth

       Rs 6.0 lakhs and provision of equipments cost Rs. 11.80 lakhs also for better

       animal health facilities. (Annexure 12 )

07.    Communication Facilities :

                       For better upliftment of knowledge & skill to rural people it is

       necessary to generate capability of them & It will through providing time

       totime audio-visual informations to them. For it we will provided cetcom / ku

       band uplink facilities by T.V. receiver dish. Provisions of 100 T.V. sets &

       receivers at 100 gram pahchayats will be made under this scheme. The cost

       will be Rs. 115 lakhs.

       08      Improvement of Village Markets: -

                       Presentaly the status of village market are inconvinient to byers

               and sallers in the district, For proper planing and conviniencey of

               peoples, provisions are taken to improvement of 6 village market in

               naxal affected blocks. Total Rs. 60.00 lakhs will be provide in RSVY

               Scheme. By income generating activities SHGs will produce different


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               type of product and sell to other people in these improved market places.



       09      Craft – Market : -

                       After production of various craft produces, marketing is the main

               problem. To evacuate this problem we will provide a craft market or

               emporium at Mukki (Kanha National Park) or at district headquarter cost

               Rs. 8.28 lakhs under this scheme. ]

       10.     Seed Bank :-

                       Balaghat district is predominantly agricultural proven district. At

               the time of seeding at field, non availability of better seeds is the main

               problem. To execute this problem provision of seed bank will be taken in

               this scheme. 10 seed bank worth Rs. 27.50 lakh will provide better seeds

               to agriculture farmers.

11.    Establishment of Hand pumps :-

       Polable drinking water is the main problem of our villages and towns. The
tribal peoples are leaved in scattered habited. This creates drinking water problems.
In this plan we provide 256 hand pumps in different habited of naxal affected
villages. Establishment of hand pump will cost Rs. 102.40 lakhs (Annexure 7)




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08. Project Abstract and Provisions.

The above activities have come out of the major development issues of Balaghat

district. Some of these activities are already being carried out by the district

authorities from various departmental funds, Some of these activities are being

proposed to be taken up to tender the 'Sam Vikas Yojana', Still some such activities

have also been mentioned which do not fall under the preview of RSVY, but are

essential for the regional development. These activities will be integrated / linked to

other sources. The details of the activities proposed under RSVY are as under:

                      3 year Action plan for RSVY- Distt. Balaghat

                                 A.        Instructure Development: -

                                                                                 (Rs in Lakhs)

S.             Activity                Unit Est.           3 year planning              Estimated
N.                                    (Rs.) Cost                                        benefit/
                                                                                        beneficiary
                                                        1st         2nd      3rd year
                                                        year        year
1    Roads connectivity               -         1226.00 410.00      408.00   408.00     90 villages
2    Construction of Industry         0.8       32.00   -           32.00    -          40 No.
     Growth Centre shade
3    A.I. Centre & vety Dis.          3.59      71.80      23.94    23.93    23.93      20 Building
     buildings
4    Mobile Unit (vety.)              -         6.00       6.00     -        -          1 No.
5.   Anganwadi cum SHC                5.00      250.00     100.00   100.00   50.00      50 No.
     Buildings
6.   P.H.C. building                  15        15.00      -        15.00    -          1 No.
7.   Medicine, equipments             -         29.00      29.00    -        -
8.   Construction of chilling         -         70.00      -        70.00    -          1 No.
     centre
9.   Strengthening     of Milk        -         25.00      10.00    5.00     10.00      50 Societies
     Societies
10   Electricity connectivity         -         529.01     129.01   200.00   200.00     41 village


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11    Percolation tank               1.00      200.00      100.00      50.00      50.00       200 No.
12    Dugwells                       0.50      200.00      50.00       50.00      100.00      400 No.
13    Communication facilities       1.15      115.00      55.00       50.00      10.00       100 G.P.
14    Improvement of village         10        60.00       20.00       20.00      20.00       6 No.
      market
15    Establishment of hand          -         102.40      22.40       40.00      40.00       256 HP
      pump


16    Irrigation ponds               -         612.68 212.68 200.00               200.00      50 No.
17    School Buildings               -         68.25   28.25   20.00              20.00       19 No.
                                     Total     3612.13 1196.28 1283.93            1131.93


     B.    Income generating Activities: -

S.          Activity             Unit        Est.            3 year planning                Estimated
N.                               (Rs.)       Cost                                            benefit/
                                                                                            beneficiary
                                                          1st         2nd        3rd      (SHG based)
                                                         year        year       year
1  Fruits & vegetable           3000      30.00         10.00       10.00      10.00      1000 families
   production
2 Medicinal      plant          3000      90.00         30.00       30.00      30.00      3000 fami.
   production
3 Sericulture                   5470      41.02         15.00       15.00      11.02      750 fami.
4 Weaving                       23756     59.39         20.00       20.00      19.39      250 Fami.
5 Piggery Units                 16400     41.00         15.00       10.00      16.00      250 fami.
6 Breeding       buck           3300      33.00         11.00       11.00      11.00      1000 fami.
   Units
7 Poultry Units                 910       9.10          3.00        3.00       3.10       1000 fami.
8 Dairy Units                   30000     300.00        100         100        100        1000 fami.
9 Handicraft                    32381     35.62         15.62       10.00      10.00      110 fami.
   promotion
10 Improved chullah             250/-     25.00         10.00       10.00      5.00       10000 fami.
11 Mini Rice mills              2.70      67.50         22.50       22.50      22.50      250 fami.

12 Bicycle for women 4000                 40.00         10.00       20.00      10.00      1000 SHG.
   SHG
13 Fisheries activities 55000             55.00         15.00       20.00      20.00      50 fami.
14 Lac cultivation etc. -                 153.81        50.00       50.00      53.81      5000 famil.


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15 Vermi compost pit            5000      200.00 100.00 50.00               50.00    4000 famil.
16 Bio gas plant                6000      60.00   20.00 20.00               20.00    1000 famil
                                Total     1240.44 447.12 401.50             391.82   29660 families




                 C.     Capacity Building and Administrative expenditure

  1     (i) Training, field 750/-             28.50      13.50      10.00     5.00         3800
        demonstration &                                                                 famili-es
             exposure
       (ii) Training of 9100/-              136.50       50.00      50.00    36.50    1500 youth
       Youths      for six    per
       professional trades youth

                                                                                     1500 people
       (iii)    Awareness 1000/-     15.00    5.00   5.00    5.00
       through          self    per
       employment            people
       development
       programme
  2      Administrative            - 62.00 22.00 20.00      20.00                               -
           expenditure,
             monitory,
       evaluation, survey,
        mobilization and
          awareness etc.
                              Total 242.00 90.50 85.00      66.50
                             Grand 4094.57 1733.90 1770.43 1590.25
                             Total




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 RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA


                                  CHAPTER- vI

BENCHMARK SURVEYS, MONITORING
            AND
   CONCURRENT EVALUATION




                 district- BALAGHAT, M.P.


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6.0 Project Management

Project activities will be implemented through community and village organisations

in 1176 villages of 514 Gram Panchayats of 10 development blocks in the district.

In the present form of decentralisation in Madhya Pradesh, the Zila Panchayat plays

an important role. In view of the crucial role of the Zila Panchayat in the process of

decentralisation, attempt has been made to ensure and maximize the role of Zila

Panchayat in project related decisions and its implementation. The DRDA/Zila

Panchayat would therefore, be the overall in-charge of the project. A special cell will

be created within DRDA which will monitor the development activities. The

following table shows selection of RSVY area in the district. (Annexure 2)

Table : Area under RSVY plan Distt. Balaghat.

No.      Name of             No. of Gram                  No. of    Population
          Block               Panchayat                  Villages
 1        Birsa                   58                       155        94574
 2      Paraswada                 51                       171        83819
 3        Baihar                  56                       160        81032
 4       Kirnapur                 78                       149       142657
 5        Lanji                   76                       167       147337
 6      Khairlanji                30                        43        67825
 7       Katangi                  30                        66        62362
 8      Waraseoni                 30                        40        69636
 9       Balaghat                 75                       169       145481
10       Lalbarra                 30                        56        57906
          Total                  514                      1176       9,52,629




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    The area specific execution of the programme will be taken up through the

       community-based               organisation          like     village   development

       committees/programme specific development committees under the overall

       supervision of the Gram Panchayats/ Janpad Panchayats.

    The NGOs will also have a fare share in this ambitious development project.It

       is proposed that the capacity building component will be directly dealt by the

       NGOs, who have expertise in the participatory human resource development.

       In addition the local NGOs having grass-root presence shall also be invited to

       participate in supervision and execution of the programme in selected pockets.

    SPECIAL ATTENTION FOR NAXAL AFFECTED AREAS

       District Balaghat is highly affected with Naxal movement particularly 6 blocks

       out of total 10 blocks. They are Baihar, Birsa, Paraswada, Balaghat, Kirnapur

       & Lanji blocks. In these 6 blocks 100 villages are highly affected with naxal

       movement

       (Annexure 3). The pattern of increased naxal movement in area, the main

       factors are unemployment and low productivity of agricultural land which

       increases social heresy of people from Government sides.




       To evacuate these problems of men and lands, special provisions will be taken

       from RSVY project. In most affected 100 naxal villages, productivity of land


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       will be increased by soil & water conserving structures like gully plugs,

       C.P.T.,C.P.W. Afforestation, nalla bandhan, percolation tanks, irrigation tanks,

       stop dams and dug wells. For awareness of Government schemes and

       knowledge, special provisions of communication facility like provision of Dish

       T.V. will also be taken in these villages. Total provisions for these activities

       will be Rs. 1435.98 lakhs under RSVY.

       For income generation of people of 100 naxal villages, 10 SHGs will be

       selected from each gram panchayat. Infrastructure work like road connectivity,

       electric connectivity etc. will be taken on priority. Provisions of allocation will

       be as per norms.




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07 Priority Sectors

The proposed activities based on the aspirations of the local tribals emerged during

various stakeholders meetings and out of the local needs are integrated here as under.

It may be mentioned here that not all these activities are budgeted under the proposal

as in case of some activities, finance will be linked from outside.

(a)     Agriculture and Allied Activities

As majority of the tribes are occupied mainly in agricultural occupations, therefore,

the solutions to their problems lie only in improvement / upgradation of these

occupations. The specific activities, which have been taken up under the project

component are:

(i)     Land improvement like, gullyplugs, water bodies and contour trenches so as to

        increase the productivity of the land by recharging rainwater.

(ii)    Irrigation by creation of dams, wells and storage tanks, etc.

(iii)   Agricultural improvement package, which includes vemicompost, Biogas etc.

(iv)    Animal husbandry including genetic upgradation of local cattle, pig‟s goats and

        poultry and provision of marketing. Constructions of chilling centres and

        formation of milk societies.

(v)     Stall. feeding of animals. Silage system of preserving fodder.

(vi)    HortIculture development, including fruit, vegetable cultivation and medicinal

        plant cultivation.

(vii) Promotion to inland fishery in the farmponds, nistar talabs and nallahs, rivers,

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         etc.

(viii) Sericulture promotion activities.

(ix)     Lac cultivation and other forest produce for income generation.

(x)      Handicraft promotion activity.

(B) Capacity Building Programmes

Certain specialised skills are existing among some caste like Panikas and Kosta are

traditional weavers, Basods prepare decorative bamboo items. These schemes like

handloom, handicrafts, etc can be taken up for further skills of management and

marketing. Improvement in the functioning of the Panchayati Raj Institutions is

another important component. Various functional committee members need be

trained in their respective functioning and duties. Further, training will be needed

from time to time be identified under the proposed activities.

(C) Basic Infrastructure Development Programme

Much of the rural Madhya Pradesh is badly lacking in both physical and social

infrastructure. This has a direct impact on welfare because in the absence of basic

services i.e., health, education, nutrition, communication etc suffer. The problem will

have to be tackled at the sespective levels:

       The actual infrastructure development programme execution, which include

         potable drinking water, electricity, sanitation, transport, irrigation, school &

         Anganwadi buildings etc.

       One of the major shortcomings in the villages is inadequate storage facility.


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       Wherever marketable surplus among both agriculture and forest produce

       becomes available, community storage facilities should be built into the village

       infrastructure.

    provision of improved chullah.




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09. Planing Methodology: -

9.1 Project Administration: - Institutional Structure

Project will have 3-tier structure for facilitation and coardination in district:-

      A.      District level,

(1)        Project will be coordinated and monitored by District Planning Committee

           (DPC), which is headed by Minister incharge of the concerned district. The

           district Collector, ZP Chairperson and representatives of Z.P. and urban bodies,

           will conduct regular meetings quarterly in a year and will deal with the district

           level policies.

(2)        Capacity development of people associated with the project will be stressed. At

           the district level, a core group will be developed which will be responsible for

           capacity development of project people at various levels. Involvement of

           expert NGOs has also been sought here.

(3)        District Collector and CEO Z.P. will play an important role at district level in

           the project. Since the allocation of money in this programme is not for a

           predetermined activity. It will be disbursed on the basis of sub-project made as

           per the needs and demands. It is possible that a number of proposals would be

           received. Efforts have been made to make the district and cluster units multi-

           sectoral. In spite of this, coordination and convergence of activities of various

           departments at district level is necessary.

(4)        CEO, ZP who is the nodal officer for the Project, will call regular meetings of


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       the District project Committee every month for the purpose of monitoring and

       Coordinating the project will operate through a District project Unit (DPU).

       This Committee would be headed by the Collector and would include district

       heads of line departments.

(5)    DPU has an important role in supporting the decision-makers with information,

       facts and figures, It will prepare, all the base documents for the DPC for it to

       deliberate. The CEO would be assisted by a small group of officers (3-4) for

       the above purpose.

(6)    DPU coordinates all the field activities. It does normal tracking, supplying

       expert help and disburse money for the community groups to take up activities.

(7)    DPU is responsible for the growth and development of the skills and

       perspectives of the PT leaders and members, so that they are well equipped to

       fulfill the project objectives and district vision.

C.     Block level,

(1)    Project will be coordinated and monitored by Janpad Plarming Committe

       (BPC), which will conduct regular monthly meetings. The Committee will

       consist of Janpad Adhyaksh, Member of Janpad belonging to project areas,

       Sarpanches, VDC representative or Grar Sabha representatives from the project

       villages and project officers.

(2)    Project implimentation agency: - Project will have an implementation team

       called Project Team that will be headed by a Project Officer who will be a IInd


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         class Officer/Class 111 level officer (Executive). Project Team will be a

         multisectoral team, with members from different line Departments, and may be

         on deputation to the Project. The PTs have following roles:



       Create favourable environment in its cluster villages.

       Prepare list of families through wealth ranking and conducting base line

         survey.

       Support community people in the formation of SHGs.

       Help the SHGs to formulate proposals for activities to be undertaken by them.

       Help SHGs access technical support when needed.

       Help SHGs in establishing linkages with the banks, government offices,

         markets and mandis, etc.

       Environment clearances.

       Ensure need-based training of SHGs and VDC.

       Monitoring.

       Documentation of experiences and processes.

(3)      The PTs should support SHGs- in such processes, which would enable

         villagers to identify their problems, set priorities for the solution of these

         problems, and view and think about the development of their villages in the

         forthcoming years.

D.       Village level,


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        Gram Sabha will be the nodal body and will also sanction the sub-projects.

       Village Development Committee (VDC) will look after the implementation of

       infrastructure related activities.

E.      NGOs,

      The project management is open to the idea of involvement of NGOs at any

       stage of the project subject to availability of such NGOs in the district.




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       Institutional Structure



  Strategic Level                               Members                                  Role




Steering                   Chairman: Development                           Co-ordination,
Committee at               Commissioners                                   Policy Direction,
the State Level            Members:                                        Monitoring and
                           Principal Secretary,                            Learning
                                                                           Coordinating,
                           Planning
                                                                           Policy Direction,
                           PS Finance, Collectors &
                           District Planning
District Level                                                             Monitoring and the
                           CEO ZPs of Balaghat
                           Committee                                       Coordination, Selection on
                                                                           Learning checklist,
                                                                           basis of positive
                           Nominated Representative
                           District Project Unit                           direction, monitoring &
                                                                           learning
                           of Civil Society
                                                                           Chairman Collector, Nodal officer
                                                                           CEO, ZP and line deptt. Members,
                           Head CEO, ZP+ Officers                          Nominated representatives of civil
                                                                           society, nominated members from
                                                                           NGOs



                                                                           Fund Flow,
                           Janpad President, Janpad members of the area,   tracking, meeting
Block Level                Sarpanch/ VDC/ Village member Project Officer   Coordination, Policy Direction,
                           and Official of relevant Department             and data Learning,
                                                                           Monitoring and
                                                                           Selection of cluster
                                                                           collection
                           Project Execution Team
                                                                           Nodal Officer-
                                                                           Project Officer,
                                                                           Line department,
                                                                           Nominated
                           Village Development                              Implementation
                                                                           representative of
                           Committee                                        of infrastructure
                                                                           civil society
Village Level                                                               with help of line
                           Gram Sabha                                       department
                                                                            Administrative
                                                                            sanctions Overall
                                                                            Supervision
                           Self Help Groups/                                Implementation
                           Common Interest Groups                           of IGA
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8.2: Funds Flow and Components:

       Project will have three broad components. Project fund will be distributed

among the three components in the following manner.

        Component                                     Proportion of fund

        Income generating activities                  35%

        Infrastructure activities                     60%

        Capacity Building                             5% (and including all interest accrued)


    Out of 60% of the fund allocated for infrastructure activities, Community can

       implement activities for at least 15% while rest will be dealt by the District

       Project Unit (DPU) directly with assistance from line departments.

    For all Income generating activities and Infrastructure activities, contribution

       of 5% would be essential.

    Total funds available for the project will be disbursed in Income Generating

       Activities Infrastructure activities and Capacity Building in 35: 60:05

       proportion respectively. Project will cover 514 G.P. out of total 665 Gram

       Panchayats in the district whereby 42160 families will be benefited and

       3303061 mandays will be generated by infrastructure construction works.




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Funds Flow Chart



                                                   Line department for
                                                   Infrastructure


District                                                            Gram Kosh for
Project
                                                                    Infrastructur
Unit
                                                                    e

                                                                    SHGs




                                                   Project Team NGOs            for
                                                   Capacity
                                                   Building, Monitoring etc




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10. Implementation strategies and monitoring of the projects

       The Plan under RSVY will be implemented within 3 years span. It is estimated

that the projects of each year will be completed within the same plan year through

active assistance of various implementing agencies like Panchayats, N.G.O.s and

various line Departments. The works will be taken up on the basis of estimates to be

prepared by various technical Departments. It is mentioned that selection of agencies

for execution of schemes will be made finally after discussion in DPC. While

selecting such agencies following principles will be emulated: -

a)     All tiers of Panchayat (viz Z.P., J.P. and G.P.) will be vested with

responsibilities of execution of labour intensive -programmes in the field of

excavation and re-excavation of minor irrigation tanks, pisciculture through

formation of groups, social forestry and horticulture in Private as well as vested lands

etc.

b) The selected NGOs will be entrusted with the task of awareness building in


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Agriculture, Health and Family Welfare, Pisciculture and Animal Husbandry

programmes etc. They will also be involved in the process of execution in the special

field of development like, Watershed development, Soil and Moisture conservation

measures, Health and Family welfare etc. NGOs expertise will be applied in the

practical field in the chosen areas.



c) The schemes which require high technical/professional expertise like augmentation

and energisation of other schemes, augmentation of construction of roads, electricity

connectivity, major irrigation schemes, Roads in forest areas, running of mobile

health clinic, reeling of tassar, setting up of compost pit etc will be implemented

through Line Departments.

       For effective monitoring and supervision of the projects a monitoring cell in

district will be formed where the representatives of District Administration,

Panchayats, NGOs and Line Departments will be there. The computer network and

online management system will keep a close vigil on the day-to-day progress of

works.

Linkage with other Schemes: -

       At present for infrastructure development and income generation, many

Schemes are running in district i.e. PMGSY, SGRY, watershed development, SGSY

etc. But budgetary of district (Annexures enclosed) . So by this plan we will link

RSVY to other running schemes for better development of district.


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 RASHTRIYA SAM VIKAS YOJANA


                                 CHAPTER- vII

                                 ANNEXURES




                 district- BALAGHAT, M.P.


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