Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
For using Drill Press
#1 General Process Description
The drill press is used to drill holes into work pieces of different materials. All work
described in this SOP will have to be conducted in JHE 242. You MUST have WHMIS
training prior to working in the lab; users must be properly trained on this piece of
equipment. Contact Person is Ed McCaffery Laboratory Manager (Room JHE 248 ext
24985). This SOP is from 03/06/2008.
#2 Hazards of Drill Press/ Class of Hazard
The major risk of this equipment is pinch (mechanical hazard), and cut injury.
#3 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Before using the Drill Press, ensure that you will at least meet the following protective
1. Safety Glasses
2. Closed-toe shoes with socks
3. Long pants (no shorts!)
4. Lab coat
5. No loose clothing, no jewelry, long hair must be tied back.
Before proceeding you must have read and are familiar with the safe operations of the
#4 Engineering / Ventilation Controls
There is no engineering or ventilation controls required for this piece of equipment.
#5 Special Handling Procedures and Storage Requirements
Make sure that the sample being drilled is securely attached to the table either using the
vice or by clamping it down to the table; frequently expediency dictates that the material
is hand held for a quick drill and this can become very dangerous if the drill bit locks to
the material and the material spins freely. Before drilling the sample a center drill should
be used. A center drill has a thick shaft and very short flutes. It is therefore very stiff and
won't walk as the hole is getting started. It doesn't cut as easily as a drill bit, so you
should use cutting fluid. Do not use the drill unless you have been properly trained by
one of the Technical staff in MSE. Inspect the cutting tool is sharp, and has no damage.
No loose clothing and hair must be tied backed.
SOP –Drill Press.
#6 Accident Procedures
If you are injured using this piece of equipment; depending on the severity of the
injury either go to the First Aid station (JHE 140) for first aid and fill out an
incident report or if the injury is severe call 88 and receive medical attention
If an injury does occurs, make sure the area is quarantined off, do not clean the area if an
accident occurs, the emergency response team must assess the accident scene to assess
what occurred, leave the room and call 88 immediately, then EOHSS Ext 23314 and Ed
McCaffery Ext 24895.
#7 Waste Disposal
When cleaning the drill press of the cuttings make sure to use a brush and dust pan; the
cuttings are very sharp and can cut flesh. Any cuttings can be disposed into the garbage.
#8 Training requirements
Prior to entering and working in the laboratory, you must have completed the EOHSS
WHMIS training. You will have to retain training documentation for at least one year.
Any person conducting work in JHE 242 using this SOP must receive training on the
contents of this SOP.
#9 Approval Required
All research staff, students, and Graduate students must be trained prior to starting work
with the Charpy Impact Tester. If working after hours you have to ask for approval from
your Supervisor and the Person In-charge, Laboratory Manager Ed McCaffery.
When finished; wipe area down using a brush and dust pan; remove the cutting tool from
#11 Designated Area
Upon leaving a designated work area, remove any personal protective equipment worn
and wash hands. After each use (or day), wipe down the immediate work area. At the end
of each project, thoroughly decontaminate the designated area before resuming normal
laboratory work in the area.
SOP – Drill Press
#12 Precise Process Description
1. Turn power on from wall breaker.
2. Clamp sample down either using a vice or clamping the sample on the table.
3. Inspect the cutting tool for any damage.
4. Insert the cutting tool into the chuck and tighten using the chuck key. Once
tighten remove the chuck key immediately.
5. It is essential that you wear safety glasses. You must wear closed toe shoes
and long pants. No loose clothing, no jewelry, and if you have long hair it
must be tied back
6. Switch on the drill press, and use the center drill to start the drill hole (make
sure you use lubrication).
7. Replace the centering tool with the drill bit and drill out the hole. Do Not put
too much pressure on the drill bit (especially if it is a small diameter), the bit
can break and become a projectile. Make sure adequate lubrication is used.
8. Once all holes have been drill out take the drill bit out of the chuck,
remembering to take the chuck key out of the chuck once the bit is out.
9. Turn the power off at the wall breaker.
10. Clean up the area of any debris, and lubricant.
LOCK OUT TAG OUT PROCEDURE
For routine maintenance to the motor or drive belt the Drill Press MUST be
LOCKED OUT AND TAGGED OUT!
1. Turn power switch off to machine.
2. Turn off power to main breaker on wall.
3. Put your own lock into the lock out hole, and place tag with lock.
4. Check the power is now off first by turning on Drill Press, then with a volt
meter check there is no power at the terminal.
5. Perform maintenance or change belts.
6. Once maintenance is complete remove lock and tag and turn on main breaker.
7. Follow “Precise Process Description”.
Safety Rules for Drill Press
1. All drill press users must know how to operate a drill press properly and safely.
Do not operate a drill press if it is damaged and report the damage to the technical
staff. The technical staff can provide instructions on the safe and proper operation
of the drill press.
2. Certain materials are hazardous to drill. Check the MSDS on your material.
Ceramics or refractories containing crystalline silica is a designated substance
require special handling practices; wet drilling is preferred.
3. Always wear proper eye protection (see McMaster Eye Protection Policy). Keep
hands away from the cutting surfaces and all moving parts.
4. Do not wear loose clothing, gloves, neckties, rings, bracelets or other jewelry that
can become caught in the drill press. Secure loose clothing and long hair. Do not
use rags near moving parts of drill press.
5. The belt guard on the drill press must be locked in place.
6. Use a clamp or vice to hold the work piece in place on the table and prevent work
piece from spinning. DO NOT hand hold the work piece when drilling.
7. Ensure that all drill bits are clean and sharp so they can cut freely without being
8. Make sure the drill bit or cutting tool is locked securely in the chuck. REMOVE
the chuck key before starting the drill press. Shut off the power before removing
the drill bit.
9. Stop the machine before measuring, cleaning or making any adjustments. Ensure
that the start/stop switch is within easy reach when the drill press is in use.
10. Adjust the position of the table so that drilling is done into the work piece only
and not the table, vice, clamps, etc.
11. Lubrication (oils or water soluble oil mixture) should be used when drilling
metallic materials. Remove burrs and chips from the drill hole. When making
deep holes, clean out the hole frequently. Reduce the drilling pressure when the
drill begins to break through the work piece. This action prevents the drill bit
from pulling into the work and breaking.
12. Keep the table clean or scrap, tools, and materials. Make sure to clean up around
the drill press and table using a brush. Do not remove chips by hand or while the
drill is running. Keep the floor around the drill press free of oil and chips. Do not
use compressed air to clean up the chips.
SOP – Drill Press
Laboratory Accident Response Procedures
Health Threatening Situation - In the event of an imminent or actual health-threatening
emergency (threatening local or public health, safety, or welfare; or the environment
outside the immediate area):
1) CALL 88 FOR THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE REMAIN IN THE AREA TO
ADVISE RESPONDERS IF YOU CAN.
2) ACTIVATE LOCAL ALARM SYSTEMS
3) Once personal safety is established, call EOHSS at Ext 24352 and proceed with
local notifications, below.
Health Threatening Situation – In the event of a major injury:
1) Notify McMaster Responders: Call 88 (24 hours/day, 7 days/week), then
2) Provide local notifications:
Name Phone Number Title
Ed McCaffery Ext 24985 Lab Manager/ Principal Investigator
Lisa Morine Ext 23314 EOHSS
Local Response Situation – In the event of a minor injury:
1) Notify personnel in the area and restrict access.
2) Make sure the Anvil is not moving or in a position which could pose more
harm, make a record in your lab inspection report, and notify your