MARLO Conference Bahrain 2004

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					U.S. Coast Guard
International Port Security Program

          Africa Oil & Gas Forum
              Houston, Texas



December 1, 2004

                       LCDR Michael Bee
                       International Port Security Liaison
                       U.S. Coast Guard Atlantic Area
                       Rotterdam, The Netherlands
                       E-mail: mbee@acteur.uscg.mil
ISPS Code
             International Ship & Port Facility
              Security Code
                ISPS Code is generally
                 performance based and
                 compliance may be achieved in a
                 variety of ways
                Part A and Part B
             reference by SOLAS Convention
              (Safety of Life At Sea).
             01 July 2004 implementation date




                               Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
U.S. Maritime Transportation
Security Act (MTSA)
 Developed concurrently with ISPS Code
 Aligns with SOLAS and ISPS Code
 Some terminology is different
 USCG required to assess the effectiveness
  of anti-terrorism measures implemented in
  foreign ports, and take appropriate follow on
  actions in cases where effective anti-
  terrorism measures are not in place.




                                                  Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Approach to Security
                                                 Other
                                                 Gov’t?




    US         ISPS Code      EU
           Part B    Part A




                              Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Why the difference?

 ISPS Code, Part B (“guidance”)
 How port facilities are defined
 Ship/port interface
 Use of Recognized Security Organizations (RSO)
 Efforts involving customs agency
 When a “Declaration of Security” is required
 Training & other specific Gov’t concerns

                                    Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Port Facility




                Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
International Port Security Program
                         Protect global shipping
                          industry by sharing &
                          aligning maritime security
                          practices

                         Understand approach to
                          maritime security

                         Interpretations of ISPS
                          Code

                         Exchange “best practices”

                         Improve communication

                              Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Countries to be visited
                    Countries that are called on by
                     U.S. vessels, have a last port of
                     departure for any vessel coming to
                     the U.S or originate/transship
                     cargo coming to the US.
                       Europe      Asia
                       Africa      Americas
                       Middle East

                    Visit order prioritized based on
                     several factors
                    USCG seeks to be “invited”
                    Reciprocal visits extended to other
                     countries to view U.S. approach to
                     implementing ISPS Code




                                Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
What if “visit” reveals security
concerns?
  Concerns will be discussed.
  Can USCG/U.S. help by providing
   technical assistance or guidance?
  Other regional/global “best practices”
  Are additional security measures needed
   for ships arriving in U.S. ports?




                                             Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Coast Guard hopes to:
                    Track information
                     communication to IMO
                    Country visits
                     Exchange security information
                     Learn how they implemented
                      ISPS Code

                    Monitor other sources of
                     public & private
                     information



                            Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Reporting of Information to IMO
 Regulation 13, Chapter XI-
  2 of SOLAS
 Countries that report to
  IMO will be presumed in
  compliance unless
  information to the
  contrary.




                               Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Port Security Advisory (PSA)
 Nov. 9, 2004 PSA named countries for not reporting to
  IMO regarding port facility security compliance.
 Available at: http://www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/mp/xport.html
 Ships calling on these ports advised to:
   Raise security posture when in port
   Execute Declaration of Security (DOS)
   Log/record actions taken

 Further Port State Control
  measures are possible.



                                            Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Maritime Security Directive
 Announced via Federal Register Notice
 Issued after USCG consultation with National Port Security
  Committee
 Determination that effective anti-terrorism measures are not in
  place
 Conditions that led to Port Security Advisory were not
  corrected.




                                           Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Possible Operational Controls
   Set higher security level
   Declaration of Security
    (DOS)
   Daylight transits only
   Security sweep of ship
   Armed security
   Ship escorts
   No transits past :
     certain passenger ships
     Ships carrying dangerous
      cargo
     Other critical infrastructure


                                      Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003
Current U.S. issues
 Finding appropriate balance
  between security and free flow
  of commerce.
 July 1st deadline was a
  significant step forward, but
  there is more work to be done.
 Can we guarantee that our
  ports are 100% secure?
 Further Vulnerability Reduction
   Identity Protection/Verification
   Logistic Chain Protection



                                       Presenter’s Name   June 17, 2003

				
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