Official Publication of the Nova Scotia Prospectors Association
•        Web Site • www.prospectors.ns.ca
• The Nova Scotia Prospectors Association is dedicated to promoting, educating and representing
the interests of Nova Scotia Prospectors.
• The opinions expressed in this newsletter do not necessarily represent the official views of the
Nova Scotia Prospectors Association Pick Pan and Shovel is published two times each year and will
be made available free of charge to the membership.
• Editor Milton Fraser
Fall 2009

                              Presidents Message
If you enjoy Prospecting as much as I do then one of the greatest pleasures is to 
introduce others to the joy and excitement of the world of minerals, and educate them 
on the necessities of mining.
I personally take every opportunity to initiate as many people as possible by taking part 
in our Association’s annual Spring Panning Clinics mainly because this was where my 
own interest in Prospecting came from many years ago.
In lieu of my regular Prospecting Tips article, where I had intended to write about the 
importance of educating the public at large about the necessity of prospecting and 
mining, I have decided to blend it in to this extended Presidents Message, as it seems 

such a natural fit.
I could not decide where one should end and the other begins.
Over the years I have had many opportunities to share my passion for Prospecting with 
the general public. When my children were younger I would go to the local school 
dressed for the field with my back pack, pick, pans and shovel packed and ready for a 
days’ prospecting.
Grade Five students curriculum includes exploration of minerals and gems and my visits 
tied in nicely with the children’s education. I usually take an array of objects and sample 
specimens with me to demonstrate more clearly how mining affects our everyday life. I 
have always found the students to be keenly interested and have had great reviews 
from these “show and tell” sessions.
In early August I was invited by DNR to run a panning demonstration at Smiley’s 
Provincial Park & Camp Ground. It was a beautiful day and at the appointed time 
approximately 60 people showed up to learn how to pan for gold. I started the session 
by giving a brief overview of the history of gold mining in Nova Scotia, then moved onto 
the importance of mining in our society and how we all need and use mined products. I 
showed some mineral samples so that people could see the minerals as they naturally 
occur. I then unpack my backpack and go through my equipment and explain the uses of 
each piece, stressing safety, environmental considerations, and the need for good 
coordination systems such as a map, compass and GPS. Then it was onto the good stuff 
– panning for gold.
Smiley’s was a great location to teach panning. Located on the Meander River the 
demonstration was held on one of the many sand/gravel bars that dot the water’s edge, 
so pannable material was in good supply. It was also a very good demonstration that the 
effects of processing river sand and gravel is almost a ‘natural process’, as the initial 
sand bar location chosen at an earlier date had ‘disappeared’ in a recent heavy rain 
As Prospectors all know, it had just moved downstream a little, on its never ending 
geological voyage, to be reshaped, reduced and reformed, buried and exhumed, by 
natural geological processes, and also by mankind.  
Another natural effect of moving streambed sand and gravel around was to watch the 
small fish gather in the water around our feet as they fed on the invertebrates released 
from the panned material.

It was a great educational experience for those of all ages involved.
We had about a dozen pans available for use and right off the bat the kids were eager to 
try their hand. When teaching good panning skills I find the best method is to put a 
small steel (not lead) BB into each pan on top of about half a panfull of sandy material, if 
the BB is still there once the majority of material has been panned then the person is 
using the right technique.
The children particularly reveled in ‘keeping their BB’, and several had black sand at the 
end of panning, and a lucky few had gold grains.
Although the gold we found was only very fine flour gold you could sense that some of 
the participants had been bitten by the “gold bug”.
After the initial excitement of letting the children pan, questions started to emerge from 
many of their parents who also wanted to try their hand at panning themselves. These 
questions were generally more related to the cost and availability of equipment and the 
practicalities of finding gold in Nova Scotia.
For public information sessions I find my backpack, loaded with my basic equipment of 
screens, pans, shovel, pick, sample bags, turkey baster and hand wisk (for sucking gold 
from crevices and natural rock riffles in the stream bed), compass, GPS, maps, samples, 
first aid kit, safety glasses (when hammering rock), magnifying lens, magnet, etc always 
goes down well.
A sluice can also be demonstrated if you have the time and inclination.
I elucidate the truism of “If it can’t be grown it has to be mined” and demonstrate the 
importance of mining to society by showing things like a nut and bolt, a wrench, a 
computer part (gold plated contacts), a cell phone (rare earths), a piece of copper pipe 
and wiring, that sort of thing.
I also have on hand mineral specimens of hematite, chalcopyrite, etc to show how these 
metals and their ores occur naturally.
In general conversation it is worth mentioning that mining contributes almost half a 
billion $ to the Provincial economy every year, and provides some of the highest paying 
jobs in the Province.
Most people are also shocked to learn the fact that every man, woman and child in the 
Province needs 21 tons, YES, 21TONS, of materials to sustain and develop the 

infrastructure we call society, which all come from mining and related sources.
All in all the panning demonstration at Smiley’s was a great success. Lots of people tried 
their hand at panning themselves, many learned something new about the work of a 
Prospector and mining in general and we all enjoyed a wonderful afternoon in the great 
outdoors. Many thanks to Brooke Carten of DNR, and the technicians at Smiley’s Park 
for organizing the event.
Rock on,
Your President,
Lindsay Allen, Elk Exploration Ltd.
Pictures from the Panning Clinic at Smiley’s 
Provincial Park & Camp Ground.



                 The Minister of Natural Resources
                 The Hon. John MacDonell 
Nova Scotia Prospectors Association Newsletter,
August 2009
A Message from the Minister of Natural Resources

It is my privilege to be Nova Scotia’s Minister of Natural Resources and work with
associations such as the Nova Scotia Prospectors Association, who greatly
impact the mining industry of the province.
Mining is an important contributor to Nova Scotia's economy, supplying high
paying, high quality jobs, and attracting new investment to the province.
Government recognizes the important contribution that mining makes to Nova
Scotia, especially in rural communities, and will continue to support the industry.
Prospectors are an important component in the mining cycle. Their work provides
vital new mineral discoveries and important information on known prospects. This
work is vital for the continuity of the industry because the mines of tomorrow
require new discoveries today.
Nova Scotia is fortunate to have a group of competent, professional prospectors
whose activities continue to add value to the exploration sector in the province
and help ensure the continued viability of the industry.
I congratulate the association on many successes in its 16-year history, and look
forward to continuing the cooperative relationship that will lead to many shared

John MacDonell
Minister of Natural Resources


                   NSPA 2009 Fall Field Trip
                        September 12 & 13, 2009
Here are some preliminary details of the upcoming NSPA Fall Field Trip, to be held on 
Saturday, September 12th & Sunday, September 13th, 2009.
More details will be put on the NSPA Website as they become available 
Sites visited will include a newly documented mineral occurrence at Castle Frederick. 
This somewhat enigmatic occurrence of fracture related lead‐zinc is accompanied by 
We will also discuss drilling done at Castle Frederick River Bridge in attempts being 
made to prove up the buried gold placer depositional model postulated there by True 
Metallic Exploration of Bedford.
Speaking of placers, those wishing to try their hand at panning will get a chance in one 
of the rare Meguma gold sites in the area at the Halfway River Greenfield placer on 
Pencil Brook.
 We will experience and discuss the uranium deposition roll front model at Maple Brook 
and while discussing uranium in the valley, what trip wouldn’t be complete without a 
visit to the edgy Millet Brook site to experience a hydrothermal emplacement model 
and an inevitable discussion of the uranium moratorium.
Beauty abounds wherever our fair province meets the sea and a visit to shorelines along 
the Minas Basin will provide some measure of this experience.
At Paddy’s Cove we will discuss erosional features in Triassic sandstones, and at Scots 
Bay we will experience a magnificent site of great historical significance, one of the 
oldest known mining sites in the world at Davidson Cove. Indications are that the 
locality prospered as a mining site and centre of early commerce over 1500 years ago, 
when the Mi’kmaw mined and fashioned lithic (stone) tools and weapons from this site. 

Department of Natural Resources Open House 
When: September 19 
Where: DNR Shubenacadie (Provincial Wildlife Park) 
             Take Hwy 102 use exit 10 or 11 
The Open House will feature: 
Staffed Exhibits, Active Demonstrations, Presentations, Self‐
Guided Tours 

A Planned Approach to Our Monthly Meetings 
The NSPA serves many purposes but a major aspect of its work is mutual 
assistance. The program format for this year is an excellent example of 
mutual assistance. Our programs will be made up of a half hour DVD 
presentation from a university professor on a topic of interest to 
prospectors. The latter portion of the presentation will involve practical 
hands on input from NSPA members and on occasion from local experts on 
the topic at hand. The Department of Natural Resources has been very 
helpful in past. NSPA members will have an opportunity to learn from each 
other.The geology DVD series has numerous topics and NSPA members will 
select topics that are most useful to area prospectors. 
It is expected  that the program series will begin in October. Please refer to 
the NSPA website(http://www.prospectors.ns.ca/ ) for information 
updates. The quality academic DVD presentations combined with the 
practical hands on input from Nova Scotian prospectors should provide 
everyone with a valuable experience. 

Mining Matters 2009 
When: November 16th and 17th
Where: Westin Hotel, 1181 Hollis Street, Halifax NS. B3H 2P6 
 Phone 902 421 1000 

Theme: Towards a Sustainable Mining Industry 
Highlights of Mining Matters 09 
Industry and Geoscience Exhibits, Investment Opportunities, Exploration 
Highlights, Geoscience Projects Sustainable Development, Reclamation, 
Environmental Stewardship, Panel Discussion, Guest Speakers 

For more information contact 
Diane Webber, Ph 902 424 3053     e‐mail webberde@gov.ns.ca 

NSPA Calendar 
Jan., Feb., Mar. Presentation and Meeting 
April NSPA Annual General Meeting.  2009 

June, July, August No Meeting Summer  

Sept.  12, 13 Field Trip 
Watch NSPA webpage http://www.prospectors.ns.ca for updates 

Oct, Nov. Presentation and Meeting 

November 16, 17 Mining Matters 
Dec. Christmas Party  

NSPA 2009 Executive / Directors 
President: Lindsay Allen, Vice‐President: Fred Walsh, Treasurer John Collins, 
Secretary: Stacey Walsh, Presentations Russ Hazelton assisted by Doug Bowes, 
Webmaster Chris Findley, Newsletter Milton Fraser 

Directors  Lindsay Allen, Carol Blakeney, Bill Boudreau,  Doug Bowes, Albert Crouse, 
Adrienne Cogswell, John Collins,   Albert Crouse,  Chris Findlay,  Milton Fraser, Mark 
Hankinson,  Russ Hazelton,  Ted MacNaughton, Fred Walsh, Stacey Walsh 


The Incorporation Acts of 2 Yarmouth County Mining
The aim of prospecting for gold is obviously to find gold, make money
etc. It is interesting to consider how people intended to look after the
business aspect of mining. Good information is available from the
acts of the provincial legislature passed to incorporate old mining
companies. The Incorporation acts of the Cowan Gold Mining
Company (1886) of Kemptville and the Cranberry Head Gold Mining
Company (1882) provide good examples to indicate the tasks and
procedures the companies intended to use. The Cowan Company
was more successful so its structure will be examined and variations
found in the Cranberry Head Company will be mentioned for

The founders of the Cowan Company (Hon. Loran E Baker, David
Cowan, TC Northrup, AC Robbins, RS Eakins, EK Spinney and TR
Wyman) note in the preamble of the Act to Incorporate the Cowan
Mine that they have done considerable work before incorporation was
requested. This indicates a rather important point: Mine developers
sometimes carried on business with un- incorporated mines.
The founders of the Cranberry Head Gold Mining Company were:
Joseph Bullock, Charles Arthur Palmer, George F Burpee, Samuel
Hayward, Dudne Breeze, George A Henderson, James Harris, James
C Robertson and Charles E Burnham.
The Cowan Company wanted the ability to prospect and “get hold,
lease, sell convey mines or gold deposits” in Kemptville or elsewhere
in Nova Scotia. The company also made clear it wished to” get and
concentrate gold “using various techniques. In other words it wished
to “ “wash, sift, crush, amalgamate, smelt “ The Company also
wanted to build the necessary buildings, obtain machinery, build
dams, tramways and make other changes that would make mining
more easily accomplished. The Cranberry Head Mining Company
intentions were very similar in essence, but stated in more general
terms. The Cranberry Head Company was formed “for the purpose of
mining, quarrying, digging, crushing washing and otherwise winning
gold or gold bearing quartz...with full power to purchase, take and
lease or otherwise acquire lands, claims. or other property and to
erect such buildings and machinery as may... appear expedient.”
The Cowan Company begin with joint stock capital of $50 000 divided
into 500 shares of $100 each. The act allowed to company to
increase its capital stock to a maximum of $100 000 should the
membership agree by a 2/3 vote. The Cranberry Head Co, was very
similar except the initial capital was $20 000 in $100 shares with the
potential for the $20 000 limit to be raised to $40 000. It was made
clear that the shares created were personal property. Both
companies were open to the idea of accepting non-cash materials as
payment for shares.
The Cowan Companyʼs Act of Incorporation gave it the right to make
“calls” which would force members to pay all or part of the money
owing on the shares they had purchased.

This indicated that shares could have been bought on credit and the
purchaser ran the risk of losing the shares, if a call were made when
the purchaser could not afford to pay the money that the company
requested. This clause seems to create risk and be open to abuse.
Some other companies had similar arrangements. The success of
such a fund raising technique would depend very much on the faith
people had in those who operated the company. The Cranberry Head
Companyʼs Act of Incorporation made no mention of this fund raising
The Cowan Company incorporation was to begin when 25% of the
stock was sold and 20% paid. The Company remained responsible
for its pre-incorporation debts. The principle of limited liability was
introduced with incorporation. Both companies valued this principle.
In both companies, stock was transferrable, but transfers were not
recognized until the transfers were recorded in company records.
Both companies were prepared to have their books and accounts
examined by appropriate government employees. Each company had
to have its name on signs and literature. Signs on buildings were
required. Both companies were required to appoint agents. The
Cowan Company was expected to have an agent. The act concerning
the Cranberry Head Company explains how communication with the
company would take place if there were no agent.
The Cowan Company was required to hold its meetings in Nova
Scotia with at least 20 days notice. The Cranberry Head Company
also had to provide 20 days notice of meetings, but its meetings could
take place in Nova Scotia or New Brunswick, although a recognized
agent or manager of the Cranberry Head Company was required to
live in Nova Scotia.
There were some standard safeguards in place. Significant progress
had to be made with in two years, or the companies incorporated
status would be lost. Meetings were expected, and government
examination of company books was a useful safeguard.
Incorporation at this time seems to have provided several
advantages: The companies could sell shares, thus have an
increased ability to raise money, Business could therefore be carried

on a larger scale. The concept of limited liability was introduced. An
unintended result was the growth of government regulation that could
protect investors and eventually the miners themselves.


Black sand concentrate material containing gold. 

Refining and smelting coarse gold, fines and powder 

To high grade gold bullion buttons. 

Concentrates should be dry for smelting. 

Coarse gold should be brought by the customer who  

Can see the process and obtain the bullion at time of smelting, 

We do not provide assays or buy gold. 

Your own assays can be obtained by the before and after 

 gram weights of the material. 

At this time the fee is $100.00 per kg. (2.204 lbs.) 


Thomas R Baillie 

Meguma Resource Enterprises Inc. 

RR#3, Saltsprings, 

Pictou Co. N.S. 

B0K 1P0 

Phone (902) 925 2683  E­mail t.baillie@ns.sympatico.ca 

 Trading Post

     Lindsay Allen
     Elk Explorations Ltd.
     11 River Road, Terence Bay River,
     Nova Scotia, B3T-1X2
     Gold Eagle Mine.
     Gold Properties for Option.
     Small Mining and Prospecting
     Equipment Sales and Purchase.
     Phone 902-852-4664
     Cell Phone: 902-430-8449
     E-mail: ljallen@eastlink.ca

    For all your Exploration Equip-
  ment Needs
 Estwing Rock Picks - Garmin GPS
 Sample Bags - Brunton Compass
 Field Books      - Hand Lens
 Flagging Tape - Bear Repellent
 Backpacks - Soil Augers
 And Much More!!!
 Call Today 1-800-561-3600
 203 Waggoners Lane, Fredertic-
 ton, N.B. E3B 2L4
Phone: 1-800-561-3600 Fax: 1-
 E-mail: Info@bapequipment.com

Perry Bezanson has 2 small rock
crushers for sale call 347-2494

Nova Scotia Prospectors Association

Application for Membership
Date of Application: ___________
For Membership year: ___________
Family Member Name/s:
Mailing Address:
Province: _______________________
Postal Code: ____________________
Phone: _________________________
Fax: ___________________________
Cell Phone : _____________________
E-Mail :
(Membership year is April 1 - March 31)
Annual Membership = $30.00 (See Note)
(Note : If joining AFTER December 1st, pay $30.00 which will include your dues for the next
membership year.)
Family Membership (age 18+) = $35.00
Full-Time Student Membership = $15.00
Please make your payment payable to:
Nova Scotia Prospectors Association

Mail To:
           John Collins, Treasurer
             61 Sheppards Run
            Beechville,Nova Scotia
                  B3T 2E6



To top