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ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER

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					                                                                                                                           CONDITIONS
                                                                                                                             HEALTH
                      AT T E N T I O N D E F I C I T
                      H Y P E R AC T I V I T Y D I S O R D E R
                                                                                                        VERSION 1.0




What is it?
Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a
neurobehavioral disorder. It interferes with a person's
ability to stay on a task and to exercise age-appropriate
behaviour. There are three types of ADHD: an
inattentive type (generally referred to as just ADD), a
hyperactive-impulsive type and a combined type.
Diagnosis is usually made in childhood and symptoms
may continue into adulthood.

Symptoms
Hyperactive-impulsive type – the person is very
active and often acts without thinking, even in
dangerous situations. Signs and symptoms to look out
for include:
     • Fidget and wriggle
     • Run around or climb constantly. They cannot sit
       for long periods and will just get out of their chair   Inattentive type – signs and symptoms to look out for
       even when they must remain seated.                      include:
     • Always talking even when asked to play quietly             • difficulty paying attention and staying focused an
       or will interrupt others while talking                        a task
     • Impatient – will often push ahead of the line and          • rarely finishes school work or chores
       interrupts games or classes.                               • poor organisation skills
                                                                                                      ....continued over


Did you know?
• All children can be impulsive, hyperactive or will not pay attention. If they are constantly like this, see your
  healthcare professional to get a proper diagnosis
• Due to their behaviour many children experience problems at home, school or maintaining friends. This can
  lead them to feel anxious, depressed or have low self esteem. Be open to counselling for yourself and your
  child. It can help you cope with the challenges of raising a child with AD/HD and help your child’s self esteem
• Build up your child’s strengths and offer praise and recognition with their achievements
• Discipline is important. Set clear and concise rules for your child. Explain what will happen if your child is good
  or reaches set goals and when they misbehave
• Keep in touch with your child’s teacher by discussing how your child is doing at home and at school. Try to stick
  to the same recognition and discipline plan and home and school
• Diet – certain foods have been noted to exacerbate different behaviours. Start a food diary for 1 to 2 weeks,
  including everything your child eats. Record all physical, mental and emotional symptoms and how long after
  eating they occur. Give this information to your healthcare professional to help determine if any foods or bever-
  ages are aggravating the symptoms
• Generally following a good healthy diet is good start. Limit or avoid over-processed foods, artificial preserva-
  tives, colourings and flavours, sugar, soft drinks, cakes and sweets.

                         THIS INFORMATION IS NOT INTENDED TO TREAT OR DIAGNOSE. ALWAYS CONSULT YOUR
                          HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL BEFORE TAKING NUTRITIONAL OR HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS.
                                                                                                                      CONDITIONS
                                                                                                                        HEALTH
AT T E N T I O N D E F I C I T H Y P E R AC T I V I T Y
DISORDER                            continued
                                                                                                        VERSION 1.0




     •   easily distracted
     •   always losing items such as toys, school work,
         and books.

   Combined type – the person is inattentive, impulsive
   and too active. Children exhibit symptoms of the two
   types. Difficulty paying attention, hyperactivity and
   impulsiveness are the main symptoms.

   Why it happens?
   Factors that may cause ADHD include:
     • Imbalance in brain chemicals – low dopamine
         levels have been noted, which affects, attention
         and motivation. Alcohol and drug use during
         pregnancy may decrease reduce the activity of
         nerve cells that produce dopamine
     • Genetic tendency
     • Childhood exposure to lead and industrial
         chemicals such as polychlorinated biphenyls
         (PCBs)
     • New research suggests an inability to convert
         fatty acids into longer chain fatty acids may be a
         contributing factor for some ADHD children.

   What natural therapies can help?
   Fish oil – improvements have been noted while taking
   a combination of fish and evening primrose oils.

   Zinc and magnesium – low magnesium and zinc
   levels have been reported in children with ADHD.

   B group vitamins support the nervous system.

   Bacopa and ginkgo – helps with memory and learning,
   though more research is needed on the correct dose of
   these herbs.




                           THIS INFORMATION IS NOT INTENDED TO TREAT OR DIAGNOSE. ALWAYS CONSULT YOUR
                            HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONAL BEFORE TAKING NUTRITIONAL OR HERBAL SUPPLEMENTS.

				
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Description: ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER